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Study sets matching "biology digestive system enzymes"

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Study sets matching "biology digestive system enzymes"

16 terms
Biology ( Digestive system and enzymes)
Digestion
Enzymes
Amylase
Stages in nutrition are:
The breakdown of large, insoluble food molecules into small,…
Biological Catalysts
Breaks down starch into smaller unites called maltose. Starch…
Eating, digestion, absorption.
Digestion
The breakdown of large, insoluble food molecules into small,…
Enzymes
Biological Catalysts
77 terms
Biology - Enzymes and Digestive System
absorption
alimentary canal
salivary amylase
pancreatic amylase
when biomolecules' nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream
-mouth to anus... -includes mouth, esophagus, intestines
-enzymes that break down carbohydrates (mouth)... -7 optimal pH
enzymes that break down carbohydrates (pancreas)
absorption
when biomolecules' nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream
alimentary canal
-mouth to anus... -includes mouth, esophagus, intestines
13 terms
Digestive System+Enzymes(Biology)
Mouth
Teeth
Esohahus
Stomach
Helps convert food into simpler molecules that can be absorbe…
Physically breaks down the food using mechanical digestion
tube to stomach where food travels through due to contraction…
continues mechanical and chemical digestion of food. Three sm…
Mouth
Helps convert food into simpler molecules that can be absorbe…
Teeth
Physically breaks down the food using mechanical digestion
30 terms
Biology Enzymes and Digestive System
What organic molecule is an enzyme?
What do enzymes do?
What do enzymes aid in?
What do most enzymes end in?
protein
speed up chemical reactions, lowers amount of activation energy
homeostasis
"ase"
What organic molecule is an enzyme?
protein
What do enzymes do?
speed up chemical reactions, lowers amount of activation energy
9 terms
Biology--Digestive System and the Enzymes
Ptyalin (Salivary Amylase)
Pepsin
Invertase (Sucrase)
Maltase
SECRETING STRUCTURE:salivary glands in the mouth FUNCTION: be…
SECRETING STRUCTURE: stomach... FUNCTION: changes complex prote…
SECRETING STRUCTURE: small intestine ... FUNCTION: complex sugar…
SECRETING STRUCTURE: small intestine... FUNCTION: changes maltos…
Ptyalin (Salivary Amylase)
SECRETING STRUCTURE:salivary glands in the mouth FUNCTION: be…
Pepsin
SECRETING STRUCTURE: stomach... FUNCTION: changes complex prote…
18 terms
Biology, Digestive System, Enzymes
what enzyme is created in the salivary…
What is the enzyme "amylase" acted upo…
What does the enzyme produce when it m…
where is amylase created?
Amylase
Carbohydrates
smaller polyacchirates
Salivary glands and pancreas
what enzyme is created in the salivary…
Amylase
What is the enzyme "amylase" acted upo…
Carbohydrates
42 terms
Biology: Enzymes and the Digestive System
absorption
activation energy
active site
amylase
the uptake of small nutrient molecules into the blood
the amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
the specific region of an enzyme that binds the substrate
An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch (a glucose polymer from plan…
absorption
the uptake of small nutrient molecules into the blood
activation energy
the amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
30 terms
Biology Enzymes and Digestive System
What organic molecule is an enzyme?
What do enzymes do?
What do enzymes aid in?
What do most enzymes end in?
protein
speed up chemical reactions, lowers amount of activation energy
homeostasis
"ase"
What organic molecule is an enzyme?
protein
What do enzymes do?
speed up chemical reactions, lowers amount of activation energy
17 terms
Biology Digestive System and Enzyme
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
The basics
Metabolic Reactions
Activation Energy
Chemical reactions in living organisms always involve the bre…
Enzymes are a type or class of protein. All proteins are made…
The sum total of all the chemical reactions occurring in the…
The energy required to get a reaction started.
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical reactions in living organisms always involve the bre…
The basics
Enzymes are a type or class of protein. All proteins are made…
22 terms
D Biology: The digestive system and Enzymes
What are enzymes?
What is the substance an enzyme works…
What are the substances produced by an…
What is an amylase?
Biological catalysts
Substrate
Product
An enzyme
What are enzymes?
Biological catalysts
What is the substance an enzyme works…
Substrate
56 terms
Biology: Proteins+Enzymes+Digestive System
Proteins
Enzymes
Structure Protein
Transport Proteins
are a chain of amino acids held together by peptide bonds
serve as catalyst and regulate virtually all chemical reactio…
Bems... Support Structure... Tissues and organs
Have pockets to transport things throughout the body
Proteins
are a chain of amino acids held together by peptide bonds
Enzymes
serve as catalyst and regulate virtually all chemical reactio…
62 terms
Biology: Proteins+Enzymes+Digestive System
Proteins
Enzymes
Structure Protein
Transport Proteins
are a chain of amino acids held together by peptide bonds
Serve as catalyst, by lowering the activation energy of a rea…
Bems... Support Structure... Tissues and organs
Have pockets to transport things throughout the body
Proteins
are a chain of amino acids held together by peptide bonds
Enzymes
Serve as catalyst, by lowering the activation energy of a rea…
12 terms
Biology 12: Digestive System Enzymes
Salivary amylase
HCl
Pepsin
Bile salts
Starch + H2O --> Maltose... (found in the mouth)
Pepsinogen --> Pepsin... (found in the stomach)
Protein + H2O --> Short Peptides... (found in the stomach)
Fat --> Fat droplets... (found in the liver)
Salivary amylase
Starch + H2O --> Maltose... (found in the mouth)
HCl
Pepsinogen --> Pepsin... (found in the stomach)
26 terms
Biology Quiz- Enzymes and the Digestive System
Order of Digestion
Type of digestion in the mouth
Type of digestion in the stomach
Type of digestion in the small intestine
Mouth, Esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine,…
mechanical (chewing) and chemical (saliva-salvilary amylase)
mechanical (churning) and chemical (hydrochloric acid and pep…
chemical (amino-peptidases)
Order of Digestion
Mouth, Esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine,…
Type of digestion in the mouth
mechanical (chewing) and chemical (saliva-salvilary amylase)
35 terms
Biology- pathogens and enzymes+the digestive system
Pathogen
Risk factor
Enzymes
Oesophagus
A micro-organism which can cause disease
A measure of the probability that damage to health will occur…
Globular proteins that act as catalysts without undergoing an…
Tube structure which carries food from the mouth to the stomach
Pathogen
A micro-organism which can cause disease
Risk factor
A measure of the probability that damage to health will occur…
35 terms
Biology Digestive System and Enzymes Quiz
Anabolic
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
characterized by or promoting constructive metabolism
The __________ is where your tongue, teeth, and saliva change…
smooth muscular tube that moves food from the pharynx to the…
large muscular sac that continues the mechanical and chemical…
Anabolic
characterized by or promoting constructive metabolism
Mouth
The __________ is where your tongue, teeth, and saliva change…
36 terms
Biology macromolecules,enzymes,digestive system
Lysozyme
Smooth muscle contractions
Chemical digestion in stomach
Mucus
fights infections but breaking down cell walls
alternates contractions that mix food
stomach breaks down food using chemicals
protects stomach walls
Lysozyme
fights infections but breaking down cell walls
Smooth muscle contractions
alternates contractions that mix food
68 terms
Biology: Enzymes, Nutrients and the Digestive System
enzymes
What kind of nutrient is an enzyme?
organic catalyst
What may happen if you change the shap…
organic catalysts
protien
made of carbon and speeds up a reation
it can make it nonfunctional
enzymes
organic catalysts
What kind of nutrient is an enzyme?
protien
15 terms
Digestive System and Enzymes
Salivary amylase
pepsin
pancreatic amylase
intestinal amylase
begins starch digestion
found in gastric juice in the stomach and breaks down protein…
breaks down starch into disaccharides
breaks down disaccharides into simple sugars
Salivary amylase
begins starch digestion
pepsin
found in gastric juice in the stomach and breaks down protein…
15 terms
Biology Test: Digestive System & Enzymes
Order of the digestive system
amylase
esophagus (organ)
peristalsis
mouth (teeth/tongue/salivary glands) > esophagus > stomach >…
enzyme that breaks the chemical bonds in starches and release…
food tube from the throat [MECHANICAL]
a. contractions in the esophagus that move food through the e…
Order of the digestive system
mouth (teeth/tongue/salivary glands) > esophagus > stomach >…
amylase
enzyme that breaks the chemical bonds in starches and release…
40 terms
Digestive System and Enzymes
mouth
salivary glands
digestion
esophagus
Chemical and mechanical breakdown of food, where digestion be…
Contains saliva with amylase
process in which a variety of organs work in sequence to brea…
uses peristalsis to move food from the mouth to the stomach
mouth
Chemical and mechanical breakdown of food, where digestion be…
salivary glands
Contains saliva with amylase
135 terms
Biology 12 - Digestive System & Enzymes
Metabolism
What is the name of molecules that con…
What is an enzyme?
What are the three characteristics of…
All of the chemical reactions occurring constantly in the cell
Enzymes
A protein molecule that is a biological catalyst
Speed up the rate of reaction, act specifically with one or m…
Metabolism
All of the chemical reactions occurring constantly in the cell
What is the name of molecules that con…
Enzymes
31 terms
Enzymes and Digestive System (Shopiro Biology)
Enzyme
Substrate
Competitive Inhibitor
Non-competitive Inhibitor
These are protein catalysts (a catalyst is something that wil…
This is the thing that enters into a reaction with the enzyme…
This is where another molecule binds to the enzyme as a subst…
These inhibitors bind at a remote site, changing the active s…
Enzyme
These are protein catalysts (a catalyst is something that wil…
Substrate
This is the thing that enters into a reaction with the enzyme…
51 terms
Biology- Enzymes, Digestive System, and Macromolecules
mouth
salivary amylase
lipase
lactase
Mechanical digestion (teeth), chemical digestion (salivary am…
enzyme that begins the chemical digestion in the mouth, break…
breaks down lipids
breaks down lactose
mouth
Mechanical digestion (teeth), chemical digestion (salivary am…
salivary amylase
enzyme that begins the chemical digestion in the mouth, break…
75 terms
Biology organisation, enzymes and the digestive system
What are cells?
What is a tissue?
What are organs?
What are organ systems?
The building blocks of all living organisms
A group of cells with a similar structure and function
Aggregations of tissues performing specific functions
Organs which work together to form organisms
What are cells?
The building blocks of all living organisms
What is a tissue?
A group of cells with a similar structure and function
Digestive System and Enzymes
mouth
salivary glands
digestion
esophagus
Chemical and mechanical breakdown of food, where digestion be…
Produces saliva with amylase
process in which a variety of organs work in sequence to brea…
uses peristalsis to move food from the mouth to the stomach
mouth
Chemical and mechanical breakdown of food, where digestion be…
salivary glands
Produces saliva with amylase
69 terms
Scoville Biology Test Enzymes, Homeostasis, and the Digestive System
Denaturation
Activation Energy
Laws Of Thermodynamics
Active Site
When protiens shape changes, unfolds
Energy needed to start reaction, difference between required…
Energy is neither created nor destroyed
Where substrates fit into enzymes
Denaturation
When protiens shape changes, unfolds
Activation Energy
Energy needed to start reaction, difference between required…
27 terms
Biology Test: Enzymes, Digestive System, Lab
enzymes
what do enzymes do?
lock and key theory
what factors affect enzymes?
special proteins... organic catalysts that speed up chemical rea…
work on specific substances ... speed up reactions ... break down m…
an enzyme fits onto an area of a molecule (the substrate), ac…
temperature (37-40 C) ... pH (2-8)... amount of substrate
enzymes
special proteins... organic catalysts that speed up chemical rea…
what do enzymes do?
work on specific substances ... speed up reactions ... break down m…
75 terms
Digestive System, Enzymes, Glucose, and Nutrients in Biology
Metabolism
Liver's Function in Homeostasis
Pancreas' Function in Homeostasis
Insulin
All of the chemical reactions of the body taken together
Takes glucose out of blood and stores as glycogen or converts…
Makes the hormones insulin and glucagon, which work together…
Decreases blood sugar by triggering the liver to store the ex…
Metabolism
All of the chemical reactions of the body taken together
Liver's Function in Homeostasis
Takes glucose out of blood and stores as glycogen or converts…
20 terms
Biology Unit 9 Enzymes and the Digestive System
enzyme
how enzymes work
hydrolysis
sucrase and hydrolysis
- protein... - increase speed of chemical reactions... - lowers amo…
- substrate: what an enzyme acts on... - puzzle piece that fits…
- free enzyme + free substrate combine and form an enzyme-sub…
- acts on sucrose (substrate) and breaks it down into fructos…
enzyme
- protein... - increase speed of chemical reactions... - lowers amo…
how enzymes work
- substrate: what an enzyme acts on... - puzzle piece that fits…
36 terms
SVHS H Biology Enzymes and Digestive System
Salivary Glands Function
Mouth Function
Stomach Function
Esophagus
Secretes saliva to begin breakig down carbs
Food enterance, mechanical digestion
Protein digestion
Passageway from mouth to stomach
Salivary Glands Function
Secretes saliva to begin breakig down carbs
Mouth Function
Food enterance, mechanical digestion
21 terms
AS Biology 2.1 Enzymes and the Digestive System
Oesophagus
Stomach
Mucus
Small Intestine
Carries food from the mouth to the stomach. ... It is adapted fo…
A muscular sac with an inner layer that produces enzymes.... Sto…
Prevents the stomach from being digested by its own enzymes.
A long muscular tube.... Food digested by enzymes that are produ…
Oesophagus
Carries food from the mouth to the stomach. ... It is adapted fo…
Stomach
A muscular sac with an inner layer that produces enzymes.... Sto…
Unit 1 Biology - Enzymes and the digestive system
Oesophagus
Stomach
Small Intestine
Large Intestine
The muscular tube that carries food from the mouth to the sto…
A muscular organ that mixes food and passes it to the small i…
Digestive organ where most chemical digestion and absorption…
About 6 feet long and is composed of the cecum, colon, rectum…
Oesophagus
The muscular tube that carries food from the mouth to the sto…
Stomach
A muscular organ that mixes food and passes it to the small i…
15 terms
Digestive System and Enzymes
Digestion
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
breaking down of polymers into monomers; allows your body to…
mechanical digestion: chewing with teeth and tongue, chemical…
peristalsis (muscular movements) pushes food from mouth, down…
mechanical digestion: muscular movement helps break down food…
Digestion
breaking down of polymers into monomers; allows your body to…
Mouth
mechanical digestion: chewing with teeth and tongue, chemical…
11 terms
Enzymes and Hormones of Digestive System
Salivary Amylase
Pepsin
Secretin
Enterokinase
Enzyme. Found in mouth as saliva. Acts on Carbohydrates.…
Enzyme. Found in Stomach. Acts on Proteins. Produces *Sho…
Hormone. Found in Small Intestine -> Pancreas. Acts on *Cel…
Enzyme. Found in Small Intestine. Acts on Trypsinogen. Pr…
Salivary Amylase
Enzyme. Found in mouth as saliva. Acts on Carbohydrates.…
Pepsin
Enzyme. Found in Stomach. Acts on Proteins. Produces *Sho…
20 terms
Enzymes and Digestive System Maddi Segarnick Crisi Biology
Mouth function
Esophagus function
Liver function
Gallbladder function
Breaks down food mechanically
Transports food to stomach
Facilitate Fat
Stores Bile
Mouth function
Breaks down food mechanically
Esophagus function
Transports food to stomach
35 terms
Biology Unit 1 - Enzymes and the Digestive System
The concentration of glucose in the bl…
Describe how you would test for a samp…
Sucrose ... Monosaccharides: _____ and __…
Lactose ... Monosaccharides: _____ and __…
Starch digested to maltose by amylase, maltose digested to gl…
Add iodine from potassium iodide solution to the food sample…
Glucose and fructose.
Glucose and galactose.
The concentration of glucose in the bl…
Starch digested to maltose by amylase, maltose digested to gl…
Describe how you would test for a samp…
Add iodine from potassium iodide solution to the food sample…
13 terms
Digestive enzymes and digestive system
What does amylase do?
What does protease do?
What does Lipase do?
Where is amylase produced?
Starch to sugars
Proteins to amino acids
Lipids to fatty acids and glycerol
Salivary glands, pancreas, small intestine
What does amylase do?
Starch to sugars
What does protease do?
Proteins to amino acids
34 terms
Enzymes & the Digestive System (Bio)
enzyme
What do enzymes do?
What is activation energy?
Enzymes have
protein
increase speed of chemical reactions , lowers amount of activ…
needed to start a chemical reaction
special shape; specific for one reaction,
enzyme
protein
What do enzymes do?
increase speed of chemical reactions , lowers amount of activ…
40 terms
Biology Test (Digestive System,Enzymes, and Nutrition)
Enzyme is a...
What do enzymes do?
Do you have to always have an enzyme t…
Why is it beneficial to have enzymes?
Type of Protein.
Reaction need energy to start. This energy is the activation…
No but its cheaper (energetically speaking).
To save your energy for other things.
Enzyme is a...
Type of Protein.
What do enzymes do?
Reaction need energy to start. This energy is the activation…
16 terms
Enzymes and Digestive System
enzyme
product
substrate
active site
a protein that catalyzes chemical reactions
the final outcome after an enzyme has catalyzed a reaction
the building block an enzyme uses to work on in a reaction
the place in an enzyme where the reaction occurs
enzyme
a protein that catalyzes chemical reactions
product
the final outcome after an enzyme has catalyzed a reaction
Human digestive system + enzymes
oesphagus
pancreas
liver
bile
- tube which passed food from buccal cavity to stomach... - It d…
- supplies enzymes (amylase)... -starch to glucose (maltose)... -…
- supplies bile via bile duct
- emulsifies fat... - makes into small droplets which are easie…
oesphagus
- tube which passed food from buccal cavity to stomach... - It d…
pancreas
- supplies enzymes (amylase)... -starch to glucose (maltose)... -…
15 terms
Enzymes/ Digestive System
Enzyme
Substrate
Active Site
Mouth
-Increase chemical reactions, lower activation energy, aid in…
What an enzyme acts on
-Pocket or fold on which enzyme/substrate fit... -Where chemical…
Breaks up food particles with teeth tongue (mechanical digest…
Enzyme
-Increase chemical reactions, lower activation energy, aid in…
Substrate
What an enzyme acts on
67 terms
AS Biology Unit 1 1.2 Enzymes and the digestive system
Gross structure of digestive system li…
Glands associated with system limited to
Oesophagus
Stomach
oesophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, and rectum.
salivary glands and pancreas.
Carries food from mouth to stomach. Adapted for transport - m…
Muscular sac with inner layer that produces enzymes. Stores a…
Gross structure of digestive system li…
oesophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, and rectum.
Glands associated with system limited to
salivary glands and pancreas.
41 terms
Digestive system and enzymes
Digestive system
Mouth
Teeth
Salivary Glands
Responsible for changing the food you eat from insoluble mole…
Where food enters the body
Chew the food, breaking it into pieces
Produce saliva to moisten the food making it slippery and eas…
Digestive system
Responsible for changing the food you eat from insoluble mole…
Mouth
Where food enters the body
17 terms
Digestive System Hormones and Enzymes
Gastrin
Secretin
GIP
Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
released by stomach and duodenum, increases stomach mobility…
released by duodenum, increases secretion of bile from liver…
gastric inhibitory peptide
released by duodenum due to presence of fats and carbohydrate…
Gastrin
released by stomach and duodenum, increases stomach mobility…
Secretin
released by duodenum, increases secretion of bile from liver…
99 terms
Energy + Enzymes + Digestive system
What is the photosynthesis equation?
What is cellular respiration?
What is cellular respiration equation?
What is the ATP cycle?
Water + Carbon dioxide --> Glucose + Oxygen... 6H20 + 6CO2 --> C…
Releasing energy that is stored in the bonds of glucose. Back…
Glucose + Oxygen --> Carbon dioxide + water + energy
The ATP cycle is a small, soluble molecule that moves through…
What is the photosynthesis equation?
Water + Carbon dioxide --> Glucose + Oxygen... 6H20 + 6CO2 --> C…
What is cellular respiration?
Releasing energy that is stored in the bonds of glucose. Back…
27 terms
IGCSE Biology - Digestion and Enzymes
Ingestion
Digestion
Peristalsis
Absorption
Taking food into the body through the mouth.
The chemical and mechanical breakdown of food. It converts la…
Waves of muscle contraction that pass along the gut. Behind t…
The uptake of a soluble molecules from the lumen of the small…
Ingestion
Taking food into the body through the mouth.
Digestion
The chemical and mechanical breakdown of food. It converts la…
27 terms
IGCSE Biology - Digestion and Enzymes
Ingestion
Digestion
Peristalsis
Absorption
Taking food into the body through the mouth.
The chemical and mechanical breakdown of food. It converts la…
Waves of muscle contraction that pass along the gut. Behind t…
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane by means o…
Ingestion
Taking food into the body through the mouth.
Digestion
The chemical and mechanical breakdown of food. It converts la…
40 terms
Digestive System and Enzymes
What are the functions of the digestiv…
What is the process of breaking molecu…
Examples of polymers
Examples of monomers
Takes in food and water ... Breaks down food and allows its abs…
Catabolism
Carbohydrates and proteins
Sugars and amino acids
What are the functions of the digestiv…
Takes in food and water ... Breaks down food and allows its abs…
What is the process of breaking molecu…
Catabolism
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