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Study sets matching "biology digestive system"

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Study sets matching "biology digestive system"

16 terms
Comp Biology Digestive System
Digestive System
esophagus
stomach
small intestine
Breaks down food into smaller molecules. Absorbs these nutrie…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
A muscular sac that stores food, break it up by churning, and…
Digestive organ with a HUGE surface area where digestion of c…
Digestive System
Breaks down food into smaller molecules. Absorbs these nutrie…
esophagus
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
44 terms
AP Biology Digestive System
oral cavity
amylase
lysozyme
bolus
made up of the mouth, pharynx and esophagus
digests starch
antibacterial action
chewed food with saliva
oral cavity
made up of the mouth, pharynx and esophagus
amylase
digests starch
25 terms
JC Biology Digestive System
Digestion
Enzyme
Teeth
enzymes
Breakdown of food into smaller digestible particles
Biological catalyst which speeds up the digestion of food
Physical digestion begins with these
Chemical digestion begins with these
Digestion
Breakdown of food into smaller digestible particles
Enzyme
Biological catalyst which speeds up the digestion of food
38 terms
Biology 9: The Digestive System
Intracellular vs Extracellular digestion
Alimentary Canal
Enteric nervous system
Peristalsis
Intraceulluar digestion is metabolism of nutrients for energy…
"outside of the body" ... mouth-pharynx-esophagus-stomach-SI-LI…
collection of neurons that govern the GI system... Innvervates…
rhythmic contraction of small muscle in the alimentary canal…
Intracellular vs Extracellular digestion
Intraceulluar digestion is metabolism of nutrients for energy…
Alimentary Canal
"outside of the body" ... mouth-pharynx-esophagus-stomach-SI-LI…
41 terms
AP Biology: digestive system
gastrovascular cavity
glucose
glycerol and fatty acids
nucleotides
In most animals, food is fist digested in what, before being…
Starch is broken down into what during digestion?
What are fats broken down into during digestion?
What are nucleic acids broken down into during digestion?
gastrovascular cavity
In most animals, food is fist digested in what, before being…
glucose
Starch is broken down into what during digestion?
65 terms
Biology 20: Digestive System
Salivary Glands
Bolus
Peristalsis
Enzyme
Accessory organs near the mouth that produce salivary amylase…
A term to describe the ball of food that is formed in the mou…
The rhythmic muscular contractions that move food throughout…
A protein that performs reactions throughout the body
Salivary Glands
Accessory organs near the mouth that produce salivary amylase…
Bolus
A term to describe the ball of food that is formed in the mou…
50 terms
Biology | Physiology | Digestive System
Carbohydrate digestion begins in the (…
What is the difference between mechani…
Where does chemical digestion begin?
What kind of teeth do you expect to se…
mouth; salivary amylase; salivary glands
Mechanical digestion does not change the chemical bonds withi…
The Mouth
Sharper incisors
Carbohydrate digestion begins in the (…
mouth; salivary amylase; salivary glands
What is the difference between mechani…
Mechanical digestion does not change the chemical bonds withi…
10 terms
Biology Digestive System
Digestive System
Mouth
Salivary Glands
Tongue
consists of the parts of the body that work together to turn…
Contains teeth, which break food into smaller pieces by chewi…
Secrete saliva, which begins the breakdown of carbohydrates a…
Muscular organ that prepares food to be swallowed and contain…
Digestive System
consists of the parts of the body that work together to turn…
Mouth
Contains teeth, which break food into smaller pieces by chewi…
48 terms
Biology Nutrition and Digestive system
heterotrophs
Nutrients
Nutrition
Digestion
organisms that obtain their food from their environment and c…
Substances that provide energy and materials needed for metab…
The process by which organisms obtain food and break it down
the breakdown of food molecules into a form cells can use (of…
heterotrophs
organisms that obtain their food from their environment and c…
Nutrients
Substances that provide energy and materials needed for metab…
49 terms
Biology: Digestive System
Alimentary Canal
Accessory Organs
Lips
Cheeks
-The gastrointestinal (GI) tract, long hollow, muscular tube…
-Aid in breaking down and absorbing food... -Teeth, tongue, live…
Protect the anterior opening of the mouth
Form the lateral walls of the mouth
Alimentary Canal
-The gastrointestinal (GI) tract, long hollow, muscular tube…
Accessory Organs
-Aid in breaking down and absorbing food... -Teeth, tongue, live…
54 terms
BIOLOGY- Digestion and the Digestive System
digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
end product of digestion for carbohydr…
the process by which larger food molecules are broken down in…
physical process by which larger chunks are broken down into…
process by which larger nutrient molecules are broken down in…
monosaccharides especially glucose
digestion
the process by which larger food molecules are broken down in…
mechanical digestion
physical process by which larger chunks are broken down into…
21 terms
biology digestive system
digestion
chemical digestion
pharynx
epiglottis
rapid breakdown of organic food -> molecules small -> pass th…
breakdown complex molecules to simple by enzymes
mouth -> esophagus ... opens trachea
reflex tip ... close windpipe entrance
digestion
rapid breakdown of organic food -> molecules small -> pass th…
chemical digestion
breakdown complex molecules to simple by enzymes
48 terms
Biology: Digestive System
Digestive System
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Amylase
breaks down food so nutrients can be absorbed by the body
process that breaks food into smaller pieces by chewing and b…
action of digestive enzymes in breaking down large molecules…
enzyme found in saliva that begins chemical digestion by brea…
Digestive System
breaks down food so nutrients can be absorbed by the body
Mechanical Digestion
process that breaks food into smaller pieces by chewing and b…
41 terms
Human Biology: Digestive System
Functions of Digestive System
Structures of Digestive System
Alimentary Canal
Accessory organs
digestion and absorption of nutrients
Alimentary Canal & Accessory Organs
muscular tube from mouth to anus... Mouth>pharynx>esophagus>stom…
teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gall bladder, pancreas
Functions of Digestive System
digestion and absorption of nutrients
Structures of Digestive System
Alimentary Canal & Accessory Organs
68 terms
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM (biology 12)
physical digestion
chemical digestion
digestive tract (gut)
absorption
breakdown of ingested food to particles in digestive tract (g…
breakdown of food particles to small molecules that pass thro…
extracellular tube that food passes through
passage of digested nutrients from gut into blood or lymph, w…
physical digestion
breakdown of ingested food to particles in digestive tract (g…
chemical digestion
breakdown of food particles to small molecules that pass thro…
31 terms
Biology: Digestive System
salivary Amylase
Pancreatic Amylase
Disaccharidases
Pepsin
Active in mouth and stomach, substrate is polysaccharide, and…
Active in small intestine, substrate is polysaccharide, and p…
Active in small intestine, substrate is disaccharide, and pro…
Active in stomach, substrate is proteins, and produces protei…
salivary Amylase
Active in mouth and stomach, substrate is polysaccharide, and…
Pancreatic Amylase
Active in small intestine, substrate is polysaccharide, and p…
44 terms
AP Biology Digestive System
oral cavity
amylase
lysozyme
bolus
made up of the mouth, pharynx and esophagus
digests starch
antibacterial action
chewed food with saliva
oral cavity
made up of the mouth, pharynx and esophagus
amylase
digests starch
51 terms
Biology: Digestive System
mastication
salivary amylase
lingual lipase
epiglottis
chewing
secreted by the salivary gland and initiates the breakdown of…
secreted by the lingual gland and initiates the break down of…
cartilaginous flap that closes off the larynx and trachea whe…
mastication
chewing
salivary amylase
secreted by the salivary gland and initiates the breakdown of…
18 terms
BIOLOGY The Digestive System
Digestive System
1. Digestive Tract (mouth, pharynx, es…
Digestive Tract
Esophagus
A group of organs that work together to digest food so that i…
Organs of Digestive Sytem
Passageway where food passes through, which includes the mout…
Digestive System
A group of organs that work together to digest food so that i…
1. Digestive Tract (mouth, pharynx, es…
Organs of Digestive Sytem
60 terms
Biology Digestive System
Alimentary Canal
Bile
Anorexia Nervosa
Bulimia Nervosa
the whole passage along which food passes through the body fr…
Emulsifies fat. Made in Liver
an emotional disorder characterized by an obsessive desire to…
an emotional disorder involving distortion of body image and…
Alimentary Canal
the whole passage along which food passes through the body fr…
Bile
Emulsifies fat. Made in Liver
GRADE 10 - Biology / Digestive System
digestive system
absorption
salivary glands
saliva
Breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood f…
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
Glands of the mouth that produce saliva, a digestive secretion
The fluid released when the mouth waters that plays an import…
digestive system
Breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood f…
absorption
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
31 terms
Biology 12: Digestive System
Anus
Appendix
Cardiac Sphincter
Duodenum
is a sphincter involved in the defecation reflex.
is a projection of the cecum at the entrance to the large int…
is a ring of muscle located at the entrance to the stomach. I…
the first section of the small intestine. important for the d…
Anus
is a sphincter involved in the defecation reflex.
Appendix
is a projection of the cecum at the entrance to the large int…
158 terms
Biology - Digestive System
Two types of digestion
intracellular digestion
extracellular digestion
Alimentary canal
intracellular digestion... extracellular digestion
as a part of metabolism, involves the oxidation of glucose an…
our diets do not consist of pure glucose and fatty acids; rat…
runs from mouth to anus and sectioned off by sphincters or ci…
Two types of digestion
intracellular digestion... extracellular digestion
intracellular digestion
as a part of metabolism, involves the oxidation of glucose an…
23 terms
Comp Biology Digestive System
Digestive System
digestive tract
esophagus
pharynx
Breaks down food into smaller molecules. Absorbs these nutrie…
The organs through which food passes during the process of be…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
A passageway leading from behind the nasal cavity to the trac…
Digestive System
Breaks down food into smaller molecules. Absorbs these nutrie…
digestive tract
The organs through which food passes during the process of be…
10 terms
Biology- The Digestive system
Mouth
Oesophagus
Stomach
Duodenum (small intestine)
-chewing (mechanical digestion)... -saliva moistens food to make…
a wave of muscle contractions (peristalsis) pushes the bolus…
-muscular contractions continue mechanical digestion ... -acid k…
-start of the small intestine... -bile from the liver and gall b…
Mouth
-chewing (mechanical digestion)... -saliva moistens food to make…
Oesophagus
a wave of muscle contractions (peristalsis) pushes the bolus…
BIOLOGY: digestive system
digestion
physical digestion
chemical digestion
ingestion
the break-down 0f large insoluble food molecules into small w…
the form is changed to fit through the digestive system. make…
using chemicals released and then dissloved in blood. the bon…
eating
digestion
the break-down 0f large insoluble food molecules into small w…
physical digestion
the form is changed to fit through the digestive system. make…
31 terms
DAT Biology Digestive System
Amoeba Digestive System
Paramecium Digestive System
Invertebrates Digestive System
Cnidarians Digestive System
Unicellular... Food capture: phagocytosis→food vacuoles... Food vac…
Unicellular... Cilia sweep food into cytopharynx... Food vacuole fo…
• Physical breakdown - cutting and grinding in mouth; churnin…
Hydra... Intracellular and extracellular digestion
Amoeba Digestive System
Unicellular... Food capture: phagocytosis→food vacuoles... Food vac…
Paramecium Digestive System
Unicellular... Cilia sweep food into cytopharynx... Food vacuole fo…
13 terms
Biology- Digestive System
Digestive System
stomach
esophagus
small intestine
Breaks down food into smaller molecules to be absorbed and us…
The major organ of the digestive system where the breaking do…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
Parts: Duodenum, Jejunum, Ileum.... Get secretions/ pancreas, li…
Digestive System
Breaks down food into smaller molecules to be absorbed and us…
stomach
The major organ of the digestive system where the breaking do…
99 terms
biology: digestive system
carbohydrates
simple sugars
lipids
stored
________ are the body's main source of energy
complex carbohydrates must be broken down into _______ ______…
________ are formed from 3 fatty acids and a glycerol.
fat-soluble vitamins are ______.
carbohydrates
________ are the body's main source of energy
simple sugars
complex carbohydrates must be broken down into _______ ______…
9 terms
Biology-The Digestive System
The Digestive System
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
The digestive system is a group of organs working together to…
Breaks Up Food by chewing and saliva Produces Amylase Which B…
Peristalsis Occurs which helps move food by contracting muscles
Acid is Stored to digest food, Enzymes Break Up Starch and Pr…
The Digestive System
The digestive system is a group of organs working together to…
Mouth
Breaks Up Food by chewing and saliva Produces Amylase Which B…
75 terms
MCAT Biology: The Digestive System
The two types of digestion
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Alimentary canal
1. Intracellular digestion... 2. Extracellular digestion
- Part of metabolism, involves oxidation of glucose and fatty…
- Occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
- Runs from the mouth to the anus and is sectioned off by sph…
The two types of digestion
1. Intracellular digestion... 2. Extracellular digestion
Intracellular Digestion
- Part of metabolism, involves oxidation of glucose and fatty…
14 terms
[Biology] The Digestive System
Digestion
Bolus
Epiglottis
Peristalsis
The process of breaking down food by mechanical and chemical…
chewed up food mixed with saliva
The opening of the trachea that is covered.
Process that transports the bolus to the stomach using rhythm…
Digestion
The process of breaking down food by mechanical and chemical…
Bolus
chewed up food mixed with saliva
55 terms
Biology 12: Digestive System
Anus
Appendix
Cardiac Sphincter
Duodenum
is a sphincter involved in the defecation reflex.
is a projection of the cecum at the entrance to the large int…
is a ring of muscle located at the entrance to the stomach. I…
the first section of the small intestine. important for the d…
Anus
is a sphincter involved in the defecation reflex.
Appendix
is a projection of the cecum at the entrance to the large int…
44 terms
Biology Digestive system
The digestive system
Liver
Gallbladder
Stomach
The system of organs that are responsible for getting food in…
Makes Bile, Maintains blood sugar, Filters out old Red Blood…
A muscular sac attached to the liver that secretes bile and s…
A muscular and elastic sac that serves mainly to store food,…
The digestive system
The system of organs that are responsible for getting food in…
Liver
Makes Bile, Maintains blood sugar, Filters out old Red Blood…
16 terms
biology digestive system diagram
salivary gland
mouth/teeth
esophagus
stomach
what are the arrows pointing at?
what is letter A pointing too?
what is letter D pointing too?
what is letter H pointing too?
salivary gland
what are the arrows pointing at?
mouth/teeth
what is letter A pointing too?
38 terms
Digestive system biology 2201
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitam…
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
Six basic nutrients required by the body
Atoms: Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen, ... Functions: ... Important so…
(simple sugars) The simplest unit of carbohydrates they are u…
These are two simple sugars joined together. Examples include…
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitam…
Six basic nutrients required by the body
Carbohydrates
Atoms: Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen, ... Functions: ... Important so…
67 terms
MCAT Biology - The Digestive System
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Alimentary Canal
Digestion
- A part of metabolism that involves the oxidation of glucose…
- The process by which nutrients are obtained from food, whic…
- Runs from the mouth to the anus and is sectioned off by sph…
- Involves the breakdown of food into its constituent organic…
Intracellular Digestion
- A part of metabolism that involves the oxidation of glucose…
Extracellular Digestion
- The process by which nutrients are obtained from food, whic…
15 terms
Biology: Digestive System Diagram
Mouth
Salivary Glands
Esophagus
Diaphragm
A
C
D
E
Mouth
A
Salivary Glands
C
20 terms
Biology Final: Digestive System
Nutrition
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
Way of obtaining raw materials from food
The first stage of processing (eating and drinking)
The mechanical and chemical process of breaking down food int…
Uptake of small nutritious molecules
Nutrition
Way of obtaining raw materials from food
Ingestion
The first stage of processing (eating and drinking)
41 terms
Leaving Certificate Biology - Digestive System
Incisors , canines , premolars and mol…
Absorption
Assimilation
Autotroph
Name the 4 types of teeth
Transfer or movement of digested food products into the blood…
Movement of digested food from the blood to the cells of the…
Organism capable of making own food
Incisors , canines , premolars and mol…
Name the 4 types of teeth
Absorption
Transfer or movement of digested food products into the blood…
16 terms
Biology 20: Digestive System Organs
Salivary Glands
Esophagus
Stomach
Cardiac Sphincter
Accessory organs near the mouth that produce salivary amylase…
A long muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach
A large, J-Shaped organ that contains hydrochloric acid and p…
The sphincter located at the top of the stomach where the eso…
Salivary Glands
Accessory organs near the mouth that produce salivary amylase…
Esophagus
A long muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach
Biology Digestive and Excreteory system
acidity of stomach roles... PH~2
4 types of cells in the exocrine/gastr…
pepsinogen
Activation by Cells
1. destruction of micororganism... 2. acid catalyzed hydrolysis…
1. **mucous cells** ... -secrete mucous to... protect the epithelia…
zymogen of the stomach secreted by the CHIEF CELLS.... when secr…
1. G cells secrete gastrin (stimulated by food and parasympat…
acidity of stomach roles... PH~2
1. destruction of micororganism... 2. acid catalyzed hydrolysis…
4 types of cells in the exocrine/gastr…
1. **mucous cells** ... -secrete mucous to... protect the epithelia…
9 terms
parts of the digestive system- biology
mouth/salivary glands
esophagus
liver
gall bladder
picture
picture
picture
picture
mouth/salivary glands
picture
esophagus
picture
134 terms
Biology: Digestive System
what adaptations/processes allow human…
organ system
form
function
the digestive system, absorption, and digestion
in complex multi-cellular organisms, systems are a series of…
shape/physical traits
The kind of action or activity specific to a thing or person.
what adaptations/processes allow human…
the digestive system, absorption, and digestion
organ system
in complex multi-cellular organisms, systems are a series of…
63 terms
Biology - Digestive System
Salivary Glands
Tongue
Esophagus
Stomach
Found in and around your mouth and throat. Secrete saliva is…
Muscular organ in your mouth vital for chewing and swallowing…
Muscular tube connecting the throat with the stomach. Food mo…
Large, muscular sac with three layers of smooth muscles that…
Salivary Glands
Found in and around your mouth and throat. Secrete saliva is…
Tongue
Muscular organ in your mouth vital for chewing and swallowing…
34 terms
IGCSE Biology -The digestive system
oesophagus
peristalsis
stomach
gastric juices
a muscular tube leading from the mouth to the stomach
when the muscles push the food along the gut
a muscular bag that holds food for a few hours and mixes it w…
a digestive fluid formed in the stomach which is acidic (cont…
oesophagus
a muscular tube leading from the mouth to the stomach
peristalsis
when the muscles push the food along the gut
16 terms
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM Biology LAB
Oral Cavity
Pharynx
Esophagus
Stomach
Oral Cavity
Pharynx
20 terms
MCAT: Biology (Digestive System)
Digestive System (diagram)
4 steps of lipid digestion
3 Types of Digestion
carbohydrate digestion (table)
Lipid digestion... Carbohydrate digestion... Protein Digestion
Digestive System (diagram)
4 steps of lipid digestion
50 terms
Biology Digestive System
Carbohydrates - Foods
Carbohydrates- where digested
Carbohydrates -use
Protein- Foods
Sugars, Grains, Fruits
Liver
Energy
Meats, Fish, eggs, beans,
Carbohydrates - Foods
Sugars, Grains, Fruits
Carbohydrates- where digested
Liver
24 terms
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM Biology 11
PERISTALSIS
STOMACH
ESOPHAGUS
SMALL INTESTINES
series of involuntary wave-like muscle contractions which mov…
Can fit 2 litters of food and it produces HCL and enzyme to h…
It is a stretchy pipe that connects the mouth to the stomach…
Most digestion and absorption of nutrients occurs here.
PERISTALSIS
series of involuntary wave-like muscle contractions which mov…
STOMACH
Can fit 2 litters of food and it produces HCL and enzyme to h…
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