Study sets matching "biology division cells growth"

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Study sets matching "biology division cells growth"

49 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Chromosome
Proteins
Chromatid
1
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
Each half of the chromosome
New cells will receive ____ chromatin from each chromosome
Chromosome
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Proteins
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
27 terms
Biology Review: Cell Growth & Division
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cell cytoplasm
A long, continuous thread of DNA containing many genes and re…
Cell cycle
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
why might a cell divide?
binary fission
if the cell is part of a multicellular…
are all cells capable of dividing?
if the cell is actually a unicellular organism, division = re…
- the simplest form of asexual reproduction (i.e. 1 parent) i…
1. growth (growth of a multicellular organism is not due to…
NO... - more specialized cells are less likely to have the abi…
why might a cell divide?
if the cell is actually a unicellular organism, division = re…
binary fission
- the simplest form of asexual reproduction (i.e. 1 parent) i…
27 terms
Biology - Cell Growth & Division
The rate at which materials enter and…
The process of cell division results i…
Sister chromatids are attached to each…
If a cell has 12 chromosomes, how many…
surface area
two daughter cells
centromere
12
The rate at which materials enter and…
surface area
The process of cell division results i…
two daughter cells
Biology cell growth and division
mitosis
cytokinesis
cell cycle
cancer
division of the nucleus
division of the cytoplasm
events cells go through as they grow and divide
condition in which cells grow uncontrollabley
mitosis
division of the nucleus
cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm
29 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division
Why do cells divide?
What is DNA
What are chromosomes
What are chromatin
If a cell became too large it would be difficult to get suffi…
Stores all the information for the cell
Genetic information bundled into packages of DNA
Complex protein, DNA that chromosomes are made of... Grandfather…
Why do cells divide?
If a cell became too large it would be difficult to get suffi…
What is DNA
Stores all the information for the cell
Cell Growth and Division, Biology
What is cell division?
When most prokaryotes divide, they rep…
What are the two stages of cell divisi…
What is mitosis?
the process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
binary fission, asexual
mitosis and cytokinesis
division of the cell nucleus
What is cell division?
the process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
When most prokaryotes divide, they rep…
binary fission, asexual
biology, cell growth + division
cell division
reproduction*
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
the process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
the formation of new individuals
the reproduction of genetically identical offspring from a si…
offspring are produced by the fusion of two parent cells. off…
cell division
the process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
reproduction*
the formation of new individuals
Cell Growth and Division (biology)
Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
Signaling proteins found in DNA that r…
Cell grows in size, and number of prot…
G1 stage, S stage, G2 stage
Three stages in the cell cycle are?
Cyclins is?
G1 stages is?
Three stages of interphase is?
Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
Three stages in the cell cycle are?
Signaling proteins found in DNA that r…
Cyclins is?
84 terms
Biology: cell growth and Division
Interphase: G1- S- G2-
M Phase-
-Mitosis
What are some things that happen in Pr…
Cell growth, new proteins and organelles are made... DNA is copi…
consists of mitosis and Cytokinesis
-process where the nucleus divides in two and each new nucleu…
-first and longest phase, chromatin coils into visible chromo…
Interphase: G1- S- G2-
Cell growth, new proteins and organelles are made... DNA is copi…
M Phase-
consists of mitosis and Cytokinesis
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Diploid
Haploid
Chromatid
Chromosome
Contain BOTH SETS of homologous chromosomes
Cells with ONE SET of chromosomes
The two copies of DNA (replicated DNA)
Condensed chromatin, DNA wrapped around proteins
Diploid
Contain BOTH SETS of homologous chromosomes
Haploid
Cells with ONE SET of chromosomes
34 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division
Why do living things grow?
Ratio for cell size increase.
Cell division
Binary Fission
They produce more and more cells. Their size is limited by am…
Volume increases faster than surface area.
The process whereby the cell divides into daughter cells.
A parent cell is cloned.
Why do living things grow?
They produce more and more cells. Their size is limited by am…
Ratio for cell size increase.
Volume increases faster than surface area.
32 terms
biology- cell growth and division
a multicellular organism needs to crea…
a multicellular organism needs to crea…
two reasons cells divide
differentiation
cells
cells
differentiation and reproduction
a multicellular organism needs to create more cells so that s…
a multicellular organism needs to crea…
cells
a multicellular organism needs to crea…
cells
51 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Chromosome
Proteins
Chromatid
1
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
Each half of the chromosome
New cells will receive ____ chromatin from each chromosome
Chromosome
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Proteins
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
20 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Stage in the CELL CYCLE in which the cell's nuclear material…
Stage in the CELL CYCLE in which the cell cytoplasm divides i…
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
Stage in the CELL CYCLE in which the cell's nuclear material…
13 terms
biology- cell growth and division
mitosis
cytokenesis
chromatids
centromeres
division of the cell nucleus
division of the cytoplasm
2 identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attatched
mitosis
division of the cell nucleus
cytokenesis
division of the cytoplasm
37 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
Cell Cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 - Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A reproductive process that involves two parent cells that fu…
genetic information bundled into packages of DNA
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
38 terms
Biology Cell Division and Growth
As a cell becomes larger its
All of the following are problems that…
Which of the following is not a way th…
When during the cell cycle are chromos…
volume increases faster than its surface area
excess oxygen
cell division increases the mass of the original cell
only during cell division
As a cell becomes larger its
volume increases faster than its surface area
All of the following are problems that…
excess oxygen
38 terms
Biology Cell Division and Growth
As a cell becomes larger its
All of the following are problems that…
Which of the following is not a way th…
When during the cell cycle are chromos…
volume increases faster than its surface area
excess oxygen
cell division increases the mass of the original cell
only during cell division
As a cell becomes larger its
volume increases faster than its surface area
All of the following are problems that…
excess oxygen
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10: Cell Growth and Division
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosomes
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Fusion of two separate parent cells
23 pair, Genetic info is bundled into
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Biology Cell Division and Growth
As a cell becomes larger its
All of the following are problems that…
Which of the following is not a way th…
When during the cell cycle are chromos…
volume increases faster than its surface area
excess oxygen
cell division increases the mass of the original cell
only during cell division
As a cell becomes larger its
volume increases faster than its surface area
All of the following are problems that…
excess oxygen
Biology: Cell Growth and Division Review
What are two reasons why cells divide…
TRUE or FALSE:... As a cell increases in…
What determines the rate at which food…
What is cell division?
a. The larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell place…
FALSE
The cell's volume
the process by which a cell divides into tow new daughter cells
What are two reasons why cells divide…
a. The larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell place…
TRUE or FALSE:... As a cell increases in…
FALSE
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 - Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
Biology-Cell Growth and Division
What is the Cell cycle?
What are the two... main stages of the... ce…
What are the three... phases of interphas…
List and describe 3... challenges large c…
The series of events that cells go through as they grow and d…
1. Interphase... 2. Cell Division
1. G1 (Gap-1) - cell growth occurs... 2. S (Synthesis) - DNA rep…
1. Volume increases faster than surface area. The surface are…
What is the Cell cycle?
The series of events that cells go through as they grow and d…
What are the two... main stages of the... ce…
1. Interphase... 2. Cell Division
Biology Chapter 10 - Cell Growth and Division
* What problems does growth cause for…
cell division... 10.1
As a cell increases in size, which inc…
Equation to determine ratio of surface…
* The larger a cell becomes:... - the more demands the cell plac…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Its volume
length x width x 6 ... 1cm cubed = 1cm x 1cm x 6 = 6cm2 (6cm squ…
* What problems does growth cause for…
* The larger a cell becomes:... - the more demands the cell plac…
cell division... 10.1
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Biology cell growth and division
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
The process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
-the production of genetically identical offsprings from a si…
-Involves the fusion of two separate parent cells ... -offspring…
-carries genetic information... -2 chromatids stuck together by…
Cell division
The process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
Asexual reproduction
-the production of genetically identical offsprings from a si…
Biology cell growth and division
Cytokinesis
Telophase
Metaphase
Chromatids
The divison of the cell's cytoplasm
The final phase of mitosis
The phase of mitosis in which microtubules connect the centro…
At the beginning of cell division, each chromosome consists o…
Cytokinesis
The divison of the cell's cytoplasm
Telophase
The final phase of mitosis
Biology Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Cell division
Division of cytoplasm
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
mitosis
Cell division
28 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
DNA Overload
chromatin
chromosome
chromatid
the cell needs more proteins than the DNA can keep up with wh…
DNA bound to proteins and found throughout the nucleus
condensed and visible chromatin
each of the two threadlike strands into which a chromosome di…
DNA Overload
the cell needs more proteins than the DNA can keep up with wh…
chromatin
DNA bound to proteins and found throughout the nucleus
Biology cell growth and division
phases of cell cycle
2 main stages of cell division
cell grows bigger, it's doing its job,…
synthesis (copy DNA) and chromosomal p…
G1... S... G2... M
mitosis and cytokinesis
G1 phase
S phase
phases of cell cycle
G1... S... G2... M
2 main stages of cell division
mitosis and cytokinesis
14 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division
Somatic Cell
Diploid chromosome number
Haploid chromosome number
Double stranded chromosome
Body cell with the total number of chromosomes (diploid number)
Total number of chromosome found in the organism
Half of the total organism number. Found in sex cells
Chromosomes that have replicated and appear as an x
Somatic Cell
Body cell with the total number of chromosomes (diploid number)
Diploid chromosome number
Total number of chromosome found in the organism
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 - Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
Cell Growth and Division-Biology
Demands of larger cell
Demand on DNA small cell
Ratio
Cell Division
-DNA over load ... -Exchanging Materials (amount produced has to…
Information stored in DNA can meet the needs of the cell
As cell gets larger ratio decreases
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Demands of larger cell
-DNA over load ... -Exchanging Materials (amount produced has to…
Demand on DNA small cell
Information stored in DNA can meet the needs of the cell
17 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
Chromatid
The first stage of cell division, in which the nucleus of the…
The second stage of cell division, in which the cytoplasm of…
Compact visible protein structures.
Identical "sister chromosomes" created by copying chromosomes.
Mitosis
The first stage of cell division, in which the nucleus of the…
Cytokinesis
The second stage of cell division, in which the cytoplasm of…
16 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Gap0 Phase
Gap1 Phase
S (Synthesis) Phase
Gap2 Phase
cell is mature; no growth; no division; temporary or permanent
cell grows; makes proteins; makes organelles; before moving o…
cell copies DNA
G1 (all actions that G1 completes) + DNA replicates
Gap0 Phase
cell is mature; no growth; no division; temporary or permanent
Gap1 Phase
cell grows; makes proteins; makes organelles; before moving o…
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Cell cycle
G1
S
G2
The cell cycle is the regular pattern of growth, DNA duplicat…
A cell carries out its normal functions.
During the S stage, the cell makes a copy of its nuclear DNA.
Third stage of the cell cycle. During G2 , cells continue to…
Cell cycle
The cell cycle is the regular pattern of growth, DNA duplicat…
G1
A cell carries out its normal functions.
20 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division
cell division
chromosomes
cell cycle
interphase
before a cell grows too large, it divides into two new cells…
carries genetic information that is passed from one generatio…
series of events where they grow and divide
the time between cell divisions where the cell grows
cell division
before a cell grows too large, it divides into two new cells…
chromosomes
carries genetic information that is passed from one generatio…
145 terms
Biology cell growth and division
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Seperates the cell from the outside
Has all the materials cells need to operate
Control center
Site of protein synthesis
Cell membrane
Seperates the cell from the outside
Cytoplasm
Has all the materials cells need to operate
25 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division
Why do cells divide?
Surface area
Volume
Volume
Large cells struggle to exchange materials
length x width x number of sides
length x width x height
_____ increases more rapidly with an increase of cell size
Why do cells divide?
Large cells struggle to exchange materials
Surface area
length x width x number of sides
55 terms
Biology-Cell growth and Division
Different reasons for which cells prod…
Gene
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Replacement, Transport, Growth, Repair
A unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offsp…
One long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
The substances that chromosomes are made of
Different reasons for which cells prod…
Replacement, Transport, Growth, Repair
Gene
A unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offsp…
22 terms
biology cell growth and division
problems of cell as they increase size
asexual reproduction
binary fission
budding
information overload exchanging materials
single cell splits into 2 genetically identical cells
splitting into 2
group of cells sponges grow ( limbs)
problems of cell as they increase size
information overload exchanging materials
asexual reproduction
single cell splits into 2 genetically identical cells
Biology - Cell Growth and Division
DNA
Information Overload.
how well a cell can move materials in…
the more nutrients it needs and the mo…
The Information that cells need to live and grow is stored in…
If a cell grew too large, it would result into...
Cell Size affects...
The larger a cell becomes...
DNA
The Information that cells need to live and grow is stored in…
Information Overload.
If a cell grew too large, it would result into...
Biology cell growth and division
Cell cycle
Interphase
G1 Phase
S phase
Repeating sequence of growth and division
First three phases of cell cycle (G1, S, G2)
First gap phase. "Cell growth" phase
Synthesis phase. "DNA replication" phase
Cell cycle
Repeating sequence of growth and division
Interphase
First three phases of cell cycle (G1, S, G2)
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
DNA overload, ratio of surface area to…
DNA + Protein
chromatin
chromatid
Why can't cells grow indefinitely?
What is chromatin made of?
What makes up chromatid?
What makes up chromosomes?
DNA overload, ratio of surface area to…
Why can't cells grow indefinitely?
DNA + Protein
What is chromatin made of?
28 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division
karyotyping
normal diploid number for humans
chromosomes
Karotype
a test to examine chromosomes, and identify genetic problems.…
46 (23 pairs)
DNA tightly wound around proteins called histones
a picture of all the chromosomes of a cell arranged in pairs…
karyotyping
a test to examine chromosomes, and identify genetic problems.…
normal diploid number for humans
46 (23 pairs)
136 terms
Biology Test: Cell Growth & Division
2 main reasons why cells divide rather…
where is all the information a cell ne…
DNA is packaged into...
what does a chromosome consists of?
1. the larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell place…
in the DNA of the cell
chromosomes
one very long linear DNA molecule consisting of 1000s of genes
2 main reasons why cells divide rather…
1. the larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell place…
where is all the information a cell ne…
in the DNA of the cell
Biology cell growth and division
cell division
mitosis
cytokineses
centromerses
the process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
the first stage, division of the cell nucleus.
the second stage, division of the cytoplasm.
the point on a chromosome by which it is attached to a spindl…
cell division
the process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
mitosis
the first stage, division of the cell nucleus.
33 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division
Interphase
G1
G2
S
The majority of the time during cell growth/division is spent…
The first stage in interphase in which the cell makes organel…
The third stage of interphase in which the cell grows and pre…
The second stage in interphase in which the cells chromosomes…
Interphase
The majority of the time during cell growth/division is spent…
G1
The first stage in interphase in which the cell makes organel…
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