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Study sets matching "biology division mitosis cells"

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Study sets matching "biology division mitosis cells"

16 terms
Mitosis and Cell Division BIOLOGY
anaphase
telophase
metaphase
prophase
In mitosis, the stage when the newly separated chromatids are…
Final phase of mitosis. Two new nuclear envelopes form
The phase of mitosis where the chromosomes line up at the equ…
The phase of mitosis where the chromosomes become visible as…
anaphase
In mitosis, the stage when the newly separated chromatids are…
telophase
Final phase of mitosis. Two new nuclear envelopes form
32 terms
Biology: Cells and Cell Division (Mitosis)
Cell Theory
Cell Organelles
Tissue
Organs
1. Cells are the basic building blocks of living things.... 2. A…
Small collection of molecules, or little organs, that perform…
Many cells combine to make this structure. Ex. osteocytes mak…
Tissues that perform a specific function. Ex. Muscle tissue m…
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the basic building blocks of living things.... 2. A…
Cell Organelles
Small collection of molecules, or little organs, that perform…
24 terms
biology Cell Division & Mitosis
cell cycle (vocabulary 1)
interphase (vocabulary 2)
replication (vocabulary 3)
mitosis (vocabulary 4)
The regular sequence of growth and division that cells un…
The first stage of the cell cycle that takes place before
The process by which a cell makes a copy of the DNA in…
The stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus…
cell cycle (vocabulary 1)
The regular sequence of growth and division that cells un…
interphase (vocabulary 2)
The first stage of the cell cycle that takes place before
15 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Cell Division
Reason 1 why a cell needs to divide
Reason 2 why a cell needs to divide
SA:V
G1
to replace dead cells in cytokinesis
to replicate DNA in S phase
area increases, volume decreases
cell acts normally
Reason 1 why a cell needs to divide
to replace dead cells in cytokinesis
Reason 2 why a cell needs to divide
to replicate DNA in S phase
20 terms
Biology Mitosis and cell division
PMAT
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
the order of the stages of mitosis
The first stage of mitosis. Chromatin condense (supercoil) in…
is a stage of mitosis in the eukaryotic cell cycle in which c…
is the stage of mitosis when chromosomes are split and the si…
PMAT
the order of the stages of mitosis
Prophase
The first stage of mitosis. Chromatin condense (supercoil) in…
Biology (Cell Division - Mitosis)
what is mitosis
How do chromosomes condense
Chromosomes versus chromotids
What is the cell cycle
Division of the nucleus into two identical daughter cells
BY super coiling during mitosis
A double stranded chromosome is made up of two sister chromat…
The cell cycle is the life or cycle that a c ell goes through…
what is mitosis
Division of the nucleus into two identical daughter cells
How do chromosomes condense
BY super coiling during mitosis
40 terms
Cell Division - mitosis - Biology
chromosome
DNA gene
unreplicated
replicated
a piece of DNA [a structure containing the genetic informatio…
_____ - encodes the cell's hereditary information, or genetic…
__________ chromosome - consists of a single piece of DNA [DN…
_________ chromosome - consists of (sister chromatids) two co…
chromosome
a piece of DNA [a structure containing the genetic informatio…
DNA gene
_____ - encodes the cell's hereditary information, or genetic…
31 terms
Cell division/mitosis/biology
Chrom
A
Some
Cancer
Color
Not
Body
A group of severe and sometimes fatal diseases that are cause…
Chrom
Color
A
Not
10 terms
Biology-cell division-mitosis
In order to survive and grow, our cell…
Mitosis
Body cells
What does a body cell need to do when…
Divide
Makes new cells for growth and repair
Have 2 copies of each chromosome-one from the mother and one…
It needs to make an identical to the original cell-with the s…
In order to survive and grow, our cell…
Divide
Mitosis
Makes new cells for growth and repair
31 terms
Biology Cell Division: Mitosis
List the 3 parts of interphase
What happens in G1
What happens in G2
What happens in S
G1... G2... S
The cell undergoes day to day activities; takes the most time…
The DNA is replicated
All of the parts of the cell are copies and replicated
List the 3 parts of interphase
G1... G2... S
What happens in G1
The cell undergoes day to day activities; takes the most time…
8 terms
Biology: mitosis and cell division
Mitosis is important for what?
What does uncontrolled mitosis result…
List some examples things with a high…
List some examples of things with a lo…
Important for growth development and tissue repair
A tumor
Skin, liver cells, intestinal cells,and stem cells
Brain cells, muscle, and fat cells
Mitosis is important for what?
Important for growth development and tissue repair
What does uncontrolled mitosis result…
A tumor
Biology Cell division/Mitosis
centromere
gene
cancer
tumor
the region where sister chromatids are bound together
a segment of DNA that codes for RNA and protein
A group of diseases caused by uncontrolled cell growth
A mass of cells that grow very fast and lack of function
centromere
the region where sister chromatids are bound together
gene
a segment of DNA that codes for RNA and protein
15 terms
Biology Cell Division: Mitosis
stage of the cell cycle during which t…
phase of mitosis in which centromeres…
stage of the cell cycle before cell di…
phase of mitosis in which chromosomes…
mitosis
anaphase
interphase
metaphase
stage of the cell cycle during which t…
mitosis
phase of mitosis in which centromeres…
anaphase
18 terms
Biology Mitosis Cell Division
Diploid 2(n)
Haploid (n)
Tetraploid 4(n)
Chromatin
a cell with two sets of chromosomes
a cell with a single set of chromosomes
a cell with four sets of chromosmes
granular material visible within the nucleus; consist of DNA…
Diploid 2(n)
a cell with two sets of chromosomes
Haploid (n)
a cell with a single set of chromosomes
6 terms
Biology Cell Division (Mitosis)
Interphase (G1, S, G2)
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
The cell is doing its everyday job, is growing, copies chromo…
Chromatin condenses to form visible chromosomes, Mitotic spin…
Chromosomes align along middle of cell (Meta = Middle)
Sister Chromatids separate, Move to opposite sides
Interphase (G1, S, G2)
The cell is doing its everyday job, is growing, copies chromo…
Prophase
Chromatin condenses to form visible chromosomes, Mitotic spin…
18 terms
Biology: Cell Division and Mitosis
mitosis
cyclins
cancer
cell cycle
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
A group of proteins whose function is to regulate the progres…
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
cyclins
A group of proteins whose function is to regulate the progres…
24 terms
Biology mitosis & cell division
Chromosome
Chromatin
Replicated chromosome
During the S phase the chromosome....
Made up of a strand of DNA tightly coiled up which is called…
Long thin fiber that is folded and coiled to form chromosomes
Consists of two strands of identical chromosomal material cal…
Replicates
Chromosome
Made up of a strand of DNA tightly coiled up which is called…
Chromatin
Long thin fiber that is folded and coiled to form chromosomes
25 terms
Biology Cell Division: Mitosis
Interphase
Interphase
Interphase
Interphase
the growing stage
Chromatin is controlling the cell
No active division has begun
N/C ratio is low
Interphase
the growing stage
Interphase
Chromatin is controlling the cell
18 terms
Cell Division- Mitosis -Biology
cell division
centriole
spindle
cell cycle
division of a parent cell into daughter cells
structure that helps to form the spindle
microtubule structure that separates chromosomes during mitosis
cell grows, prepares to divide, then divides to start growth…
cell division
division of a parent cell into daughter cells
centriole
structure that helps to form the spindle
Biology- Cell Division (Mitosis)
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Longest stage. DNA and organelles are duplicated, the cell gr…
Chromatin in nucleus begins to condense and nuclear membrane…
The chromosomes align along the middle line of the cell.
The sister chromatids separate and move towards opposite ends…
Interphase
Longest stage. DNA and organelles are duplicated, the cell gr…
Prophase
Chromatin in nucleus begins to condense and nuclear membrane…
Biology Mitosis and Cell division
Cell division
Asexual
Sexual
Chromosomes
A cell that divides in to daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Exchange of genetic material by 2 parents (egg and sperm)
Tightly coiled DNA
Cell division
A cell that divides in to daughter cells
Asexual
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
38 terms
Biology - Cell Division and Mitosis
Cell Division
Reasons for cells to undergo mitosis
When does a cell know it's time to div…
DNA overload
Cell reproduction / Rudolf Virchow: "Every cell from a cell"
Replace dying/old cells/cell that are too big; Growth; During…
DNA overload... Problems exchanging materials
The cell gets too big for the DNA to carry out all the duties…
Cell Division
Cell reproduction / Rudolf Virchow: "Every cell from a cell"
Reasons for cells to undergo mitosis
Replace dying/old cells/cell that are too big; Growth; During…
11 terms
Biology: Cell Division and Mitosis
Cell Growth
Cell Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Living things grow and produce more cells. In order to produc…
When a cell divides it creates TWO new cells called "Daughter…
The 1st stage of cell division, DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) d…
The 2nd stage of cell division, Cytoplasm divides into two.
Cell Growth
Living things grow and produce more cells. In order to produc…
Cell Division
When a cell divides it creates TWO new cells called "Daughter…
25 terms
Biology Cell Division and Mitosis
Chromosome
Sister Chromatids
Chromatin
Centromere
...
...
...
...
Chromosome
...
Sister Chromatids
...
33 terms
Biology Cell Division & Mitosis
All living cells come from other _____?
A typical cell goes through a process…
That process is called?
Cell Division:
Living cells
- growth... - development... - reproduction
The Cell Cycle
When one cell (parent cell) splits into two cells (daughter c…
All living cells come from other _____?
Living cells
A typical cell goes through a process…
- growth... - development... - reproduction
16 terms
Mitosis and Cell Division SBHS Biology
anaphase
telophase
metaphase
prophase
In mitosis, the stage when the newly separated chromatids are…
Final phase of mitosis. Two new nuclear envelopes form
The phase of mitosis where the chromosomes line up at the equ…
The phase of mitosis where the chromosomes become visible as…
anaphase
In mitosis, the stage when the newly separated chromatids are…
telophase
Final phase of mitosis. Two new nuclear envelopes form
20 terms
Mitosis and Cell Division-Biology
What cells go through Binary Fission?
What are the three steps of binary fis…
What process do eukaryotes go through?
What are the two main phases of cell d…
Prokaryote
DNA replication, chromosome segregation, separation
Cell Division
Interphase, Mitosis
What cells go through Binary Fission?
Prokaryote
What are the three steps of binary fis…
DNA replication, chromosome segregation, separation
92 terms
Biology Cell Division, Mitosis, Meiosis
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Characteristic
The scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
trait
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
18 terms
Biology Cell Division and Mitosis Vocab
mitosis
cell cycle
G1 phase
G2 phase
part of eukaryotic cell division in which the cell nucleus di…
series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
cell growth; increase in size and synthesize new proteins and…
preparing for cell division; many organelles and molecules re…
mitosis
part of eukaryotic cell division in which the cell nucleus di…
cell cycle
series of events in which a cell grows, prepares for division…
19 terms
Biology: CH 10 Mitosis and Cell division
cell division
cytokinesis
cancer
mitosis
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
cell division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
cytokinesis
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
Biology SAT: Cell Division: Mitosis
Mitosis
Mitosis
Two
Chromosomes
Produces two genetically identical daughter cells with the sa…
Each daughter cell is diploid
How many daughter cells result from mitosis?
Highly coiled and condensed strand of DNA
Mitosis
Produces two genetically identical daughter cells with the sa…
Mitosis
Each daughter cell is diploid
8 terms
Biology Final Mitosis Cell Division
what happens in prophase
what happens in metaphase
what happens in anaphase
what happens in telophase
nucleoli disappear ... chromatin condense into chromosomes... spind…
centrosomes are at opposite poles ... chromosomes line up on met…
sister chromatids separate at the centromere... chromatids move…
daughter nuclei begin to form at the poles of the cell ... nucle…
what happens in prophase
nucleoli disappear ... chromatin condense into chromosomes... spind…
what happens in metaphase
centrosomes are at opposite poles ... chromosomes line up on met…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cell Division and Mitosis
cancer
chemotherapy
cell division
cell cycle
a disease of unregulated cell division; cells divide inapprop…
the treatment of disease, specifically cancer, by the use of…
the process by which a cell reproduces itself
ordered sequence of stages, preparatory and division phases,…
cancer
a disease of unregulated cell division; cells divide inapprop…
chemotherapy
the treatment of disease, specifically cancer, by the use of…
52 terms
Biology Cell Division: Mitosis and Meiosis
Cells can only come from....
Cells carry on all the
Cancer is when ______ Goes Bad
Walter Fleming
Preexisting cells
Characteristics of life
Cell division
1st observed in 1880... Saw series of changes... identified... -Chromo…
Cells can only come from....
Preexisting cells
Cells carry on all the
Characteristics of life
10 terms
Biology- Cell division (mitosis+meiosis)
Mitosis
Meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
2 daughter cells
4 gamete cells
Diploid cells- sets of chromosomes
Haploid cells- 1 set of chromosomes
Mitosis
2 daughter cells
Meiosis
4 gamete cells
23 terms
Biology Cell Growth & Division / Mitosis
Anaphase
Apoptosis
Asexual Reproduction
Benign
Third phase of mitosis in which chromatids separate and are p…
Programmed cell death
Process by which offspring are produced from a single parent;…
Having no dangerous effect on health, especially referring to…
Anaphase
Third phase of mitosis in which chromatids separate and are p…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death
23 terms
Biology - Cell Division [Mitosis & Meiosis]
chromatin
cytokinesis
gamete
interphase
uncompressed genetic information - looks fuzzy
time when the cytoplasm divides
sex cells like sperm and egg
time when all cells carry out life functions
chromatin
uncompressed genetic information - looks fuzzy
cytokinesis
time when the cytoplasm divides
38 terms
Cell Division (Mitosis/Meiosis) Biology
G1
S
G2
Interphase includes:
Cell growth... Duplicates organelles... Unduplicated chromosomes (c…
Synthesis... Creates sister chromatins ... Doubles DNA
Preparation for division... Nucleolus starts to disappear
G1, S, and G2
G1
Cell growth... Duplicates organelles... Unduplicated chromosomes (c…
S
Synthesis... Creates sister chromatins ... Doubles DNA
Biology: Mitosis/Meiosis - Cell Division
1.
2.
3.
4.
Mitosis is a part of the cell cycle in which chromosomes in a…
Meiosis is part of the process of gamete formation, consistin…
Body Cells: Mitosis... Sex Cells (Gametes): Meiosis
Francisco Redi: Disproved "spontaneous generation"... Louis Past…
1.
Mitosis is a part of the cell cycle in which chromosomes in a…
2.
Meiosis is part of the process of gamete formation, consistin…
9 terms
Cell division/mitosis vocabulary-Biology
Chromatin
Chromatid
Chromosome
Centromere
Loosely organized DNA & Justine proteins in a cells nucleus f…
One complete set of genes that makes up half of a replicated…
A tightly wound structure containing a single strand of DNA (…
The region where two chromatids are joined
Chromatin
Loosely organized DNA & Justine proteins in a cells nucleus f…
Chromatid
One complete set of genes that makes up half of a replicated…
24 terms
Biology Terms: Cell Division- Mitosis
nuclear membrane and nucleoli reappear
chromosomes line up on equator
mitochondria and other organelles repl…
centrioles move to opposite ends of cell
telophase
metaphase
interphase (g1)
prophase
nuclear membrane and nucleoli reappear
telophase
chromosomes line up on equator
metaphase
5 terms
H. Biology: Mitosis - Cell Division
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
(1) G1 - growth and metabolism... (2) S - copy DNA and centriole…
(1) DNA coils to become chromosomes with sister chromatids at…
(1) Spindles attaches to chromosomes... (2) Chromosomes line up…
(1) Spindles shrink if attached to chromosomes... Spindles pull…
Interphase
(1) G1 - growth and metabolism... (2) S - copy DNA and centriole…
Prophase
(1) DNA coils to become chromosomes with sister chromatids at…
18 terms
Biology- Cell Division and Mitosis Vocab
Mitosis
cell cycle
G1 Phase
G2 Phase
division of the cell membranes
they way and steps in which cells divide
Cell Growth- cells increase in size and synthesize new protei…
Preparing for Cell Division- many of the organelles and molec…
Mitosis
division of the cell membranes
cell cycle
they way and steps in which cells divide
15 terms
Cell Division Mitosis & Meiosis- Biology
Mitosis
Meiosis
Diploid
Haploid
Mitosis involves one cell division and results in two diploid…
Meiosis involves two cell divisions and results in four haplo…
Two complete sets of chromosomes.
Half the number of chromosomes as Diploid cells.
Mitosis
Mitosis involves one cell division and results in two diploid…
Meiosis
Meiosis involves two cell divisions and results in four haplo…
16 terms
Mitosis and Cell Division
anaphase
telophase
metaphase
prophase
In mitosis, the stage when the newly separated chromatids are…
Final phase of mitosis. Two new nuclear envelopes form
The phase of mitosis where the chromosomes line up at the equ…
The phase of mitosis where the chromosomes become visible as…
anaphase
In mitosis, the stage when the newly separated chromatids are…
telophase
Final phase of mitosis. Two new nuclear envelopes form
19 terms
Biology- Cell Division- Mitosis Quiz
Cell Cycle
Gap 1
Synthesis
Gap 2
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication and cell division…
1st stage of cell cycle- cell increases in size- majority of…
2nd stage of cell cycle- a copy of the DNA is made- chromosom…
3rd stage of cell cycle- preparation for division (growth if…
Cell Cycle
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication and cell division…
Gap 1
1st stage of cell cycle- cell increases in size- majority of…
52 terms
Biology Cell Division: Mitosis and Meiosis
Cells can only come from....
Cells carry on all the
Cancer is when ______ Goes Bad
Walter Fleming
Preexisting cells
Characteristics of life
Cell division
1st observed in 1880... Saw series of changes... identified... -Chromo…
Cells can only come from....
Preexisting cells
Cells carry on all the
Characteristics of life
11 terms
Biology: Chromosomes and Cell Division (mitosis)
chromosome
histones
chromatid
centromere
rod-shaped structure made of DNA molecule & proteins
proteins that help maintain the shape of the chromosome ... -ai…
each half of a chromosome
holds the 2 chromatids together until separated during cell d…
chromosome
rod-shaped structure made of DNA molecule & proteins
histones
proteins that help maintain the shape of the chromosome ... -ai…
31 terms
Biology 1 Cell Division and Mitosis
Factors that limit cell size
Average cell size
Most Efficient Cells?
Largest cell size
1) Division... 2) Surface Area: Volume ... 3) DNA
2-200 micrometers
smaller cells, but a bunch of small cells is better
ostrich egg
Factors that limit cell size
1) Division... 2) Surface Area: Volume ... 3) DNA
Average cell size
2-200 micrometers
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