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Study sets matching "biology dna cells"

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Study sets matching "biology dna cells"

35 terms
DNA + RNA + cell biology
Which nucleotide is switched around in…
What's the difference between a nucleo…
What does histone acetylationi do?
What is the major difference between p…
RNA has thymine instead of uracil, which is found in DNA
Nucleoside: base + (deoxy)ribose... Nucleotide: base + (deoxy)ri…
Makes histones active
Pyrimidine base production you start w base first (orotic aci…
Which nucleotide is switched around in…
RNA has thymine instead of uracil, which is found in DNA
What's the difference between a nucleo…
Nucleoside: base + (deoxy)ribose... Nucleotide: base + (deoxy)ri…
20 terms
Cell Biology: DNA Replication
What are the phases of cell cycle?
G1 (Gap 1)
G0 (Gap 0)
S (Synthetic) Phase
Mitotic Phase (AKA M phase: Chromosome segragation and cytopl…
Transition from M to S phase. Synthesis of proteins that woul…
Cells that become arrested in G1 (quiescence)
DNA Synthesis
What are the phases of cell cycle?
Mitotic Phase (AKA M phase: Chromosome segragation and cytopl…
G1 (Gap 1)
Transition from M to S phase. Synthesis of proteins that woul…
15 terms
BIOLOGY - Cells & DNA
Cells are the basic unit of all living…
A nucleus contains genetic information…
A cell membrane controls the entry and…
The site of the chemical reactions of…
What are cells?
What is a nucleus?
What is a cell membrane?
What is a cytoplasm?
Cells are the basic unit of all living…
What are cells?
A nucleus contains genetic information…
What is a nucleus?
34 terms
cells (DNA) biology
what is the subunit of DNA
what is the macro-molecule of DNA
what is the organelle of DNA
What is the process of DNA
nuculotide
nucleic acid
nuclius
Genetic information
what is the subunit of DNA
nuculotide
what is the macro-molecule of DNA
nucleic acid
15 terms
Biology-DNA & CELL CYCLE
DNA
DNA NUCLETIDE
Which scientist is matched with their…
Interphase is the part of the cell cyc…
Nucleic acid carries the blueprint for an organism's trait
Boxed structure
Watson/Crick DNA MODEL
DNA is synthesized and cell growth ocurs
DNA
Nucleic acid carries the blueprint for an organism's trait
DNA NUCLETIDE
Boxed structure
24 terms
Cell Biology - DNA
Prokaryote
Plasmids
Human Genome
Mitochondria Genome
circular in bacteria cells... attached to the plasma membrane ... c…
small circular DNA... can carry antibiotic resistance ... can be tr…
includes both nuclear and mitochondria genome... 23 pairs of ch…
code for genes for the elctro transport chain
Prokaryote
circular in bacteria cells... attached to the plasma membrane ... c…
Plasmids
small circular DNA... can carry antibiotic resistance ... can be tr…
41 terms
Biology (cells and DNA)
cell walls
cell membrane
vacuole
chloroplast
rigid outer layer of plant cells containing cellulose
regulates what goes in and out of a cell
storage sites for nutrients, waste, and water
site of photosynthesis/contains chlorophyll (green pigment th…
cell walls
rigid outer layer of plant cells containing cellulose
cell membrane
regulates what goes in and out of a cell
45 terms
Biology- DNA and the cell cycle
cell cycle
cytokinesis
interphase
meiosis
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
the final phase of a cell cycle resulting in the division of…
the longest phase of the cell cycle in which a cell prepares…
a two phase nuclear division that results in the eventual pro…
cell cycle
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
cytokinesis
the final phase of a cell cycle resulting in the division of…
20 terms
Biology - DNA & Cell Division
photographed DN, provided clues to sha…
solved the structure of DNA bases outs…
How is DNA replication semi-conservati…
Sister Chromatids
Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins
James Watson and Francis Crick
2 copies of each chromosome contained 1 of the original stran…
refers to either of the two identical copies (chromatids) for…
photographed DN, provided clues to sha…
Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins
solved the structure of DNA bases outs…
James Watson and Francis Crick
23 terms
Biology: Cell cycle & DNA
Adenine... Thymine... [A]=[T]... Guanine... Cytosi…
Purines (double rings)
Pyrimidines (single rings)
Chromosomes
Nitrogenous bases
A & G
C &T
•Condensed chromatin
Adenine... Thymine... [A]=[T]... Guanine... Cytosi…
Nitrogenous bases
Purines (double rings)
A & G
Biology - Cells and DNA
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Chloroplasts
Cell membranes
Contains genetic material in eukaryotic cells
Contain enzymes for cellular respiration
Contain chlorophyll
Controls the movement of molecules into and out of the cell,…
Nucleus
Contains genetic material in eukaryotic cells
Mitochondria
Contain enzymes for cellular respiration
31 terms
Biology DNA&Cell cycle
helicase
DNA Polymerase
2 DNA molecules
mutation
unwinds the dna by breaking hydrogen bonds
joins individual nucleotides to each separated strand produci…
each contains one original strand &i one new strand
changes in DNA that affect genetic info
helicase
unwinds the dna by breaking hydrogen bonds
DNA Polymerase
joins individual nucleotides to each separated strand produci…
22 terms
Biology DNA, Cells & Living Organisms
nucleus
plant cell
endoplasmin reticulum
cell wall
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A type of cell characterized by a rigid cell wall and the pre…
extensive network of channels in the cytoplasm which allow su…
A rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provid…
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
plant cell
A type of cell characterized by a rigid cell wall and the pre…
76 terms
Biology DNA and Cell Cycle
What are the 3 components of a nucleot…
purines
pyrimidines
nitrogenous base matching rules (+ why)
phosphate group... sugar (DNA=deoxyribose, RNA=ribose)... nitrogeno…
nitrogenous bases w/ double ring... adenine, guanine
nitrogenous bases with single 6-ring... cytosine, thymine, uracil
adenine always w/ thymine (2 h-bonds)... guanine always with thy…
What are the 3 components of a nucleot…
phosphate group... sugar (DNA=deoxyribose, RNA=ribose)... nitrogeno…
purines
nitrogenous bases w/ double ring... adenine, guanine
51 terms
CELL BIOLOGY [DNA REPLICATION]
BLANK BLANK is semiconservative, with…
a. Each newly synthesized DNA molecule…
b. The BLANK BLANK experiment is consi…
Max Delbruck proposed DNA replicated b…
1) DNA replication
old, NEWLY
Meselson-StahL
DISPERSIVE THEORY
BLANK BLANK is semiconservative, with…
1) DNA replication
a. Each newly synthesized DNA molecule…
old, NEWLY
47 terms
Biology - DNA, Cells and Genetics
Organism
Cell theory
Cell theory states
Prokaryotic cells
A living thing
Cell theory is a scientific theory which describes the proper…
All organisms are composed of one or more cells... The cell i…
Are microscopic, single called organisms. Are cells that do n…
Organism
A living thing
Cell theory
Cell theory is a scientific theory which describes the proper…
Biology DNA and cell cycle
Franklin
Back bone is made of...
Nitrogen bases
Discovered the nitrogen bases
Crystallized X-ray of DNA
Deoxyribose (sugar) and phosphate
Adenine, guaine, thymine, and cytosine
Chargaff
Franklin
Crystallized X-ray of DNA
Back bone is made of...
Deoxyribose (sugar) and phosphate
26 terms
Biology-DNA(Cell division)
Multicellular organisms depend on cell…
What are the three types of cell divis…
Describe the process of binary fission…
What is the genome?
1.Development from a fertilized cell... 2.Growth... 3.Repair of inj…
Binary fission(bacteria)... Mitosis(Eukaryotic)... Meiosis(Eukaryot…
Cell grows to roughly double its size, then divides to form t…
It consist of a single DNA
Multicellular organisms depend on cell…
1.Development from a fertilized cell... 2.Growth... 3.Repair of inj…
What are the three types of cell divis…
Binary fission(bacteria)... Mitosis(Eukaryotic)... Meiosis(Eukaryot…
43 terms
Biology: DNA/ cell division
Process of DNA replication
What does DNA stand for
What does RNA stand for
What makes up a Nucleotides
Helicase breaks hydrogen bonds and unwinds genes . Where spli…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Ribonucleic Acid
Sugar, phosphate, and nitrogen base
Process of DNA replication
Helicase breaks hydrogen bonds and unwinds genes . Where spli…
What does DNA stand for
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
17 terms
Biology DNA and Cell Cycle
DNA
RNA
DNA Replication
Helicase
Deoxyribose, phosphate, GTAC, Stays in Nucleus
Ribose, phosphate, GUAC, leaves nucleus
1. Helicase... 2. DNA Polymerase... 3. Ligase
Destroys hydrogen bonds
DNA
Deoxyribose, phosphate, GTAC, Stays in Nucleus
RNA
Ribose, phosphate, GUAC, leaves nucleus
22 terms
Biology-Cells and Dna
State that cells are the basic unit of…
Name the structures found in an animal…
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
...
Cell membrane, Nucleus and cytoplasm
Controls what enters and leaves the cell.
Contains genetic information which control the cells activiti…
State that cells are the basic unit of…
...
Name the structures found in an animal…
Cell membrane, Nucleus and cytoplasm
13 terms
Biology - DNA and Cell Division
chromosome
diploid
DNA
double helix
The structure made of DNA that codes for all the characterist…
A cell that contains two sets of chromosomes.
Deoxyribonucleic acid. The material inside the nucleus of cel…
The shape of the DNA molecule with two strands twisted togeth…
chromosome
The structure made of DNA that codes for all the characterist…
diploid
A cell that contains two sets of chromosomes.
37 terms
Cell Biology: DNA
What are the components of DNA and its…
What evidence enabled Watson and Crick…
Identify the 3′ and 5′ ends of a DNA s…
What is the relationship between a gen…
The components of a DNA molecule are nucleotides. These are c…
The evidence included Rosalind Franklin's X-ray diffraction p…
The 5' end has the 5th numbered carbon in deoxyribose facing…
A gene is a strand of DNA that encodes a protein.
What are the components of DNA and its…
The components of a DNA molecule are nucleotides. These are c…
What evidence enabled Watson and Crick…
The evidence included Rosalind Franklin's X-ray diffraction p…
12 terms
Biology cells and DNA
What parts of an animal cell is there?
What parts of a plant cell are there?
What are the parts of a microscope?
What is the first step of setting up a…
Cell membrane, necleus and cytoplasm
Cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm, necleus, vacuole membran…
Eye piece, turret, objective lenses, stage clips, stage, diap…
Plug it in and switch it on
What parts of an animal cell is there?
Cell membrane, necleus and cytoplasm
What parts of a plant cell are there?
Cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm, necleus, vacuole membran…
15 terms
Cell Biology: DNA Synthesis
Hershey and Chase
Hershey and Chase Experiment
Results of Hershey and Chase Experiment
Chargaff's Rules
-Showed that DNA is the genetic material of viruses... -Phage T2…
-Bacteria was mixed with radioactive phages, which infect the…
-It was found through radioactivity analysis that most of the…
-A=T... -G=C
Hershey and Chase
-Showed that DNA is the genetic material of viruses... -Phage T2…
Hershey and Chase Experiment
-Bacteria was mixed with radioactive phages, which infect the…
44 terms
Biology DNA/ Cell Cylce
Childhood
Adulthood
Elderhood
5 Stages of the Cell Cylce
cell division > cell death
cell division = cell death
cell division < cell death
Gap 1, Synthesis, Gap 2, Mitosis, and Cytokinesis
Childhood
cell division > cell death
Adulthood
cell division = cell death
17 terms
Biology - DNA, Cells
Watson and Crick
nucleas
tRNA transfers amino acids to ribosomes.
It occurs in the ribosomes.
Which two scientists found the three dimensional shape of DNA?
Where does DNA replications take place in humans?
What is the role of tRNA in translation?
Where does tRNA translation take place in eukaryotes?
Watson and Crick
Which two scientists found the three dimensional shape of DNA?
nucleas
Where does DNA replications take place in humans?
28 terms
Biology DNA Cell cycle
1st step
2nd step
3rd step
4th
G1 phase
S phase
G2 phase
M phase
1st step
G1 phase
2nd step
S phase
40 terms
CELL BIOLOGY [DNA REPLICATION]
______________________ (2) is semicons…
a. Each newly synthesized DNA molecule…
___________________ (2) pry apart the…
Other proteins replicate the DNA from…
1) DNA replication
old, NEWLY
Initiator proteins
TWO
______________________ (2) is semicons…
1) DNA replication
a. Each newly synthesized DNA molecule…
old, NEWLY
55 terms
Cell Biology [DNA repair]
Mutations arise from mistakes in blank…
1) BLANK reactions remove Adenines and…
Humans with the disease BLANK BLANK ca…
Xeroderma pigmentosum can cause blank…
DNA mutations, chemical changes
Depurination
xeroderma pigmentosum... Thymine dimers
skin lesions
Mutations arise from mistakes in blank…
DNA mutations, chemical changes
1) BLANK reactions remove Adenines and…
Depurination
9 terms
Cell Biology: DNA Replication
helicase
single-strand binding protein
topoisomerase
primase
unwinds parental double helix at replication forks
binds to and stabilizes single-stranded DNA until it is used…
relieves overwinding strain ahead of replication forks by bre…
synthesizes an RNA primer at 5' end of leading strand and at…
helicase
unwinds parental double helix at replication forks
single-strand binding protein
binds to and stabilizes single-stranded DNA until it is used…
10 terms
Biology cell/DNA
Nucleic acids
Nitrogen bases
PROkaryote
Steps of DNA replication
DNA RNA
Adenine= Thymine, Cytosine= Guanine
NO nucleus
(1) Helicase unzips, breaking hydrogen bonds (2) polymerases…
Nucleic acids
DNA RNA
Nitrogen bases
Adenine= Thymine, Cytosine= Guanine
32 terms
Biology - DNA, Cells and Genetics
Organism
Organelles
Difference between animal and plant ce…
Cells
A living thing
o Inside cells are special structures called organelles... o Ea…
o Plant cells contain chloroplasts while animal cells don't c…
o Are microscopic (not visible to the eye)... o Can vary in sha…
Organism
A living thing
Organelles
o Inside cells are special structures called organelles... o Ea…
22 terms
Biology - DNA and Cell Structure
Chloroplast - what are they
Chloroplast - structure
Mitochondria - what are they
Mitochondria - structure
- Plants and algae harness light energy through photosynthesi…
- Provides organization necessary for energy conversion proce…
- In eukaryotic cells... - Found in almost all eukaryotic cells…
- Structure is related to it's function... - - Envelope of two m…
Chloroplast - what are they
- Plants and algae harness light energy through photosynthesi…
Chloroplast - structure
- Provides organization necessary for energy conversion proce…
87 terms
Cell Biology: DNA Structure
-relatively simple molecule... -carrier o…
What information do genes contain?
What do DNA strands consist of?
Each DNA strand is made up of how many…
DNA
primarily instructions for making proteins
two long polynucleotide chains
4
-relatively simple molecule... -carrier o…
DNA
What information do genes contain?
primarily instructions for making proteins
12 terms
Biology DNA In The Cell Cycle
DNA
Gene
Chromatin
Chromosomes
DNA makes up genes
Each gene codes for one protein
Long strands of DNA all tangled together
DNA tightly coiled into separated structures
DNA
DNA makes up genes
Gene
Each gene codes for one protein
30 terms
Biology 10 Cell and DNA
diffusion
cell membrane
phospholipid bilayer
fluid-mosaic
in water, it is a passive, random process
a barrier that separates the inside of the cell from its exte…
the cell membrane is made like a sandwich of phosphates and l…
flexible, can change shape, and made up of many small pieces
diffusion
in water, it is a passive, random process
cell membrane
a barrier that separates the inside of the cell from its exte…
18 terms
Biology DNA and Cell Cycle
DNA helicase
DNA polyamerase
DNA ligase
Cell Cycle
Enzyme that breaks hydrogen bonds between nitrogen bases
Enzyme that creates new nitrogen bases
Enzyme that joins together the Okazaki Strands
A repeating sequence of cellular growth and division (prokary…
DNA helicase
Enzyme that breaks hydrogen bonds between nitrogen bases
DNA polyamerase
Enzyme that creates new nitrogen bases
23 terms
DNA and the Cell Cycle {Biology}
G1
M
DNA replication
cell splitting
During which phase does the size of the cell increase/cells g…
During which phase does the number of cells increase?
Synthesis key process
mitosis key process
G1
During which phase does the size of the cell increase/cells g…
M
During which phase does the number of cells increase?
48 terms
Biology: Cells, DNA and Microscopes
prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
organelle
Plastids
basic, lack of membrane-bound nucleus and organelles, little…
evolved, membrane-bound nucleus and organelles, organized int…
cell's organ's that control cell's work
make and store foods and pigments
prokaryotic
basic, lack of membrane-bound nucleus and organelles, little…
Eukaryotic
evolved, membrane-bound nucleus and organelles, organized int…
32 terms
Cell Biology DNA Technology
What are some techniques used to study…
-this technology was used at the begin…
What enzymes are used for cleavage of…
This DNA technology is used for the an…
cleavage of DNA at specific sites, DNA sequencing by gel elec…
cleavage of DNA at specific sites
restriction nucleases
DNA sequences by gel electrophoresis
What are some techniques used to study…
cleavage of DNA at specific sites, DNA sequencing by gel elec…
-this technology was used at the begin…
cleavage of DNA at specific sites
73 terms
Biology DNA and Cell Division
adenine
adhesion
anaphase
anti-parallel
a purine compound=double ringed structure; combines with thym…
Attraction between molecules of different substances; Water i…
3rd stage of mitosis; chromatids separate and are pulled to o…
2 strands are antiparallel and go on different directions; Th…
adenine
a purine compound=double ringed structure; combines with thym…
adhesion
Attraction between molecules of different substances; Water i…
11 terms
Biology: DNA & cell division
Alleles
Fed Griffith
DNA is a polymer of
4 nucleotides
Specific spots in chromosomes that have info
Experimented on mouse (S & R cells) found that DNA was inheri…
Nucleotides, each with a five carbon sugar, 3 phosphate group…
Adenine (A), guanine (G), thymine (T), & cytosine (C)
Alleles
Specific spots in chromosomes that have info
Fed Griffith
Experimented on mouse (S & R cells) found that DNA was inheri…
16 terms
Biology Cells and DNA
General metabolic processes and produc…
Last stage of cell cycle?
Part of chromosome spindle fibers atta…
Majority of cell's life is spent in?
G1 Phase
Cytokinesis
Centromere
Interphase
General metabolic processes and produc…
G1 Phase
Last stage of cell cycle?
Cytokinesis
Biology Quiz DNA and Cells
Acronym for DNA
is DNA a polymers?
What is DNA's monomer?
What makes up a nucleotides?
deoxyribose nucleic acid
yes
Nucleotides
phosphate group, deoxyribose, nitrogenous base
Acronym for DNA
deoxyribose nucleic acid
is DNA a polymers?
yes
31 terms
Biology DNA and cell test
What does dna stand for?
The genetic code
What is a polymer
Subunits of DNA and rna
Deoxyribonucleic acid
How cells store information when they passed from one generat…
A large molecule
Nucleotides
What does dna stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic acid
The genetic code
How cells store information when they passed from one generat…
24 terms
Biology: Cell Cycle/DNA
What is cell division?
Why do cells divide?
What is the DNA base pairing rule?
The enzyme that "unzips" the DNA
When a cell splits and becomes 2 new cells.
Larger cells are less efficient in moving nutrients/waste acr…
Adenine to Thymine... (A to T)... Cytosine to Guanine... (C to G)
Helicase
What is cell division?
When a cell splits and becomes 2 new cells.
Why do cells divide?
Larger cells are less efficient in moving nutrients/waste acr…
20 terms
DNA and Cells Biology
What is the difference between sexual…
What happens during the first stage of…
When are chromosomes visible
When does mitosis happen
Sexual reproduction is the production of new living organisms…
Prophase- the DNA replicates, then forms tight structures Bec…
Chromosomes become visible during Prophase (First stage of Mi…
Mitosis happens after interphase during the cell cycle
What is the difference between sexual…
Sexual reproduction is the production of new living organisms…
What happens during the first stage of…
Prophase- the DNA replicates, then forms tight structures Bec…
44 terms
Biology; DNA and Cell Division
Define Meiosis
What are homologous chromosomes?
What is a haploid cell?
What is the symbol for a haploid cell?
The process of making sex cells
A pair of each chromosomes ( 1 from mom, 1 from dad)
A cell with only 1 copy of each chromosome
n
Define Meiosis
The process of making sex cells
What are homologous chromosomes?
A pair of each chromosomes ( 1 from mom, 1 from dad)
8 terms
Biology DNA Replication and Cells
What is the purpose of DNA replication?
Are enzymes involved in DNA replication?
Base paring in DNA replication?
What is Complementary Base Paring?
To multiply and make 2 identical strands
Yes: DNA Helices, DNA Polymerase, DNA Gyrase, and DNA Ligase
Complementary Base Paring
The Complementary Strands are produced when DNA unwinds and t…
What is the purpose of DNA replication?
To multiply and make 2 identical strands
Are enzymes involved in DNA replication?
Yes: DNA Helices, DNA Polymerase, DNA Gyrase, and DNA Ligase
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