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Study sets matching "biology dna chapter 10"

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Study sets matching "biology dna chapter 10"

42 terms
Biology Chapter 10 (DNA)
Hershey and Chase
Watson and Crick
Is DNA an organic structure?
Deoxiribose
confirmed that DNA, not protein was the genetic material usin…
discovered the double helix structure of DNA
Yes
5 carbon sugar
Hershey and Chase
confirmed that DNA, not protein was the genetic material usin…
Watson and Crick
discovered the double helix structure of DNA
86 terms
Chapter 10-DNA (biology)
anticodon
codon
Deoxyribose(DNA)
double helix
three nucleotides complementary to codon
group of three nucleotides on mRNA
sugar found in DNA
spiral shape of DNA
anticodon
three nucleotides complementary to codon
codon
group of three nucleotides on mRNA
52 terms
Biology Chapter 10- DNA
___ is responsible for ____ an organis…
What does DNA stand for?
Adenine to ____ (DNA)
thymine to ______ (DNA)
DNA & storing
Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid
thymine
adenine
___ is responsible for ____ an organis…
DNA & storing
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid
40 terms
Gamble Biology Chapter 10 DNA
Griffith
Transformation
Avery
Hershey and Chase
Discovered hereditary material can pass from one bacterial ce…
Transfer of genetic material from one organism to another
Stated DNA is the genetic material that transfers hereditary…
Confirmed that DNA and not protein is the hereditary material…
Griffith
Discovered hereditary material can pass from one bacterial ce…
Transformation
Transfer of genetic material from one organism to another
33 terms
Biology chapter 10 DNA
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
Extremely severe or harmful in its effects
Thoro or dramatic change
Virus that infects and replicates in a bactirum
Organic molecules that serve as the monomers
Virulent
Extremely severe or harmful in its effects
Transformation
Thoro or dramatic change
33 terms
Biology Chapter 10: DNA
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
(adj.) extremely poisonous; full of malice; spiteful
(1) The conversion of a normal animal cell to a cancerous cel…
A virus that infects bacteria.
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
virulent
(adj.) extremely poisonous; full of malice; spiteful
transformation
(1) The conversion of a normal animal cell to a cancerous cel…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 10: DNA
Main function of DNA
Proteins.......
Structure of DNA
Each nucleotide is composed of 3 parts
Control the production of proteins
Form structural parts of the cell... Control all chemical proces…
2 strands of repeating subunits (nucleotides) linked together…
Deoxyribose sugar... Phosphate group... Nitrogen base
Main function of DNA
Control the production of proteins
Proteins.......
Form structural parts of the cell... Control all chemical proces…
43 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 10: DNA
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
describes a microorganism or virus that causes disease and th…
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
virus that infects bacteria
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
Virulent
describes a microorganism or virus that causes disease and th…
Transformation
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
29 terms
Biology- Chapter 10 DNA Vocabulary
nucleotide
deoxyribose
nitrogenous base
purine
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides.
an organic base that contains nitrogen, such as a purine or p…
a nitrogenous base that has a double-ring structure; one of t…
nucleotide
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
deoxyribose
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides.
32 terms
Chapter 10 DNA - Biology
Griffith
R strain alone
S strain alone
heat killed S strain
1928... working on a ammonia vaccine. Grew 2 types of bacteria:…
harmless
fatal
harmless
Griffith
1928... working on a ammonia vaccine. Grew 2 types of bacteria:…
R strain alone
harmless
29 terms
Chapter 10 biology DNA
Dna full name
Rna full name
Dna sugar
Rna sugar
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Ribonucleic acid
Deoxyribose
Ribose
Dna full name
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Rna full name
Ribonucleic acid
12 terms
Biology chapter 10- DNA
Primary function of DNA
What does a nucleotide consist of?
What part of the nucleotide is DNA nam…
Purines
To store and transmit genetic information
A sugar,phosphate group, and a nitrogen base
A deoxyribose sugar
Type of base; larger than pyrimidines
Primary function of DNA
To store and transmit genetic information
What does a nucleotide consist of?
A sugar,phosphate group, and a nitrogen base
42 terms
Biology Chapter 10 DNA/RNA
Proteins are made from how many differ…
What is molecular biology?
What did Fredrick Griffin discover?
What did Oswald Avery do?
20
the study of heredity at the molecular level (duh)
"transforming factor" can be transferred to bacterial cell
*repeated Griffin's experiment to determine which factor was…
Proteins are made from how many differ…
20
What is molecular biology?
the study of heredity at the molecular level (duh)
53 terms
Biology: Chapter 10-DNA
Early scientists believed that ____ wa…
Proteins are made of 20 different _____
Long chains of amino acids make up ___…
Fred Griffith worked with what type of…
Protein... It was more complex than DNA
amino acids
polypeptides
Virulent S and non virulent R strain Pneumococcus bacteria
Early scientists believed that ____ wa…
Protein... It was more complex than DNA
Proteins are made of 20 different _____
amino acids
Chapter 10 DNA Replication Biology
In DNA and RNA, there are 4 forms of t…
Purines and pyrimidines are types of?
The part of the molecule for which deo…
The two strands of DNA are joined toge…
nitrogen base
nitrogen bases
sugar
nitrogen bases
In DNA and RNA, there are 4 forms of t…
nitrogen base
Purines and pyrimidines are types of?
nitrogen bases
43 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 10: DNA
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
describes a microorganism or virus that causes disease and th…
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
virus that infects bacteria
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
Virulent
describes a microorganism or virus that causes disease and th…
Transformation
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
57 terms
Biology Chapter 10: DNA and RNA
Bacterial Transformation
protease
nuclease
obligate intracellular parasites
...
...
...
...
Bacterial Transformation
...
protease
...
16 terms
Biology Chapter 10 DNA Replication
Virus
Bacteriophages/Phages
Nucleotides
Polynucleotide
is a nucleic acid wrapped in a coat of protein and, for herpe…
bacterial virsus
DNA and RNA are nucleic acids consisting of long chains of ch…
groups of nucleotide or a polmer
Virus
is a nucleic acid wrapped in a coat of protein and, for herpe…
Bacteriophages/Phages
bacterial virsus
29 terms
Biology: Cell and DNA - Chapter 10
Meiosis Halves the Chromosome Number
Homologous Pairs of Chromosomes
Homologues Pairs of Chromosomes, Part 2
Meiosis 1
- special type of cell division ... - used only for sexual repro…
- in diploid body cells, chromosomes occur in pairs... - humans…
- homologues chromosomes have genes controlling the same trai…
- chromosomes are replicated prior to meiosis 1 ... 1. each chro…
Meiosis Halves the Chromosome Number
- special type of cell division ... - used only for sexual repro…
Homologous Pairs of Chromosomes
- in diploid body cells, chromosomes occur in pairs... - humans…
41 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 10: DNA
Transformation
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose
Nitrogenous Base
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
an organic base that contains nitrogen, such as a purine or p…
Transformation
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
Nucleotide
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
32 terms
Modern Biology - Chapter 10 - DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
Disease-causing
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
a virus that infects bacteria
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
virulent
Disease-causing
transformation
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
32 terms
Biology chapter 10 (DNA+RNA)
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophages
Nucleotide
Disease causing strain of bacterium
The type of transfer of genetic material from one cell to ano…
Viruses that infect bacteria
The two long chains that make up DNA
Virulent
Disease causing strain of bacterium
Transformation
The type of transfer of genetic material from one cell to ano…
38 terms
Biology Chapter 10 DNA/RNA
Hershey and Chase used bacteriophage t…
Watson and Crick demonstrated that DNA…
DNA and RNA are
DNA replication is
DNA is the genetic material in the experiment
a double helix like a twisted rope ladder
nucleic acid made of nucleotides
semiconservative replication
Hershey and Chase used bacteriophage t…
DNA is the genetic material in the experiment
Watson and Crick demonstrated that DNA…
a double helix like a twisted rope ladder
30 terms
Biology Chapter 10: DNA & RNA
Bacterial Transformation
Watson & Crick
Organic Compounds
Nucleic Acids
When one bacteria strain is genetically changed into another…
Credited with the description of DNA's structure & function.
DNA belongs to this class.
Huge polymers composed of monomers called Nucleotides.
Bacterial Transformation
When one bacteria strain is genetically changed into another…
Watson & Crick
Credited with the description of DNA's structure & function.
43 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 10: DNA
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
describes a microorganism or virus that causes disease and th…
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
virus that infects bacteria
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
Virulent
describes a microorganism or virus that causes disease and th…
Transformation
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
24 terms
biology chapter 10: DNA and RNA
nucleus
ribosome
nucleus
helicase, DNA polymerase, and ligase
DNA is made in the...
translation happens in the...
transcription happens in the...
enzymes that help make DNA replication
nucleus
DNA is made in the...
ribosome
translation happens in the...
43 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 10: DNA
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
describes a microorganism or virus that causes disease and th…
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
virus that infects bacteria
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
Virulent
describes a microorganism or virus that causes disease and th…
Transformation
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
74 terms
Schaller honors biology chapter 10: DNA
proteins are made from __ different am…
the study of heredity at the molecular…
DNA & RNA are
DNA & RNA consist of long (polymers) o…
20
molecular biology
nucleic acids and polymers of nucleotides
nucleotides
proteins are made from __ different am…
20
the study of heredity at the molecular…
molecular biology
14 terms
Chapter 10 Biology (DNA, RNA)
mRNA- messenger, tRNA- transfer, rRNA-…
transcription
3 main steps of transcription
helicase, DNA polymerase, ligase
3 main types of RNA
making RNA from DNA
1. RNA polymerase... 2. RNA polymerase CBP free-flow... 3. leaves n…
enzymes needed for DNA replication
mRNA- messenger, tRNA- transfer, rRNA-…
3 main types of RNA
transcription
making RNA from DNA
81 terms
Biology chapter 10: DNA AND RNA
Andrew Griffith
Bacterial transformation
Avery
Protease
In 1928, used bacteria to begin the experimentation of the mo…
The process of a lethal gene strain.
Concluded that the molecule was DNA. However many people doub…
Proteins enzyme
Andrew Griffith
In 1928, used bacteria to begin the experimentation of the mo…
Bacterial transformation
The process of a lethal gene strain.
12 terms
Biology: Chapter 10.2-10.5 DNA Structure
2 terms that describe DNA
What type of bio molecule is DNA?
Building block of nucleic Acid
DNA
Double Helix and Semi Conservative
Nucleic Acid
Nuclotide
Deoxyribosenucleic Acid
2 terms that describe DNA
Double Helix and Semi Conservative
What type of bio molecule is DNA?
Nucleic Acid
19 terms
Biology Review (Chapter 10...DNA)
What is the primary function of DNA
What does a DNA molecule consist of st…
What is nucleotide?
What is DNA named for (Hint: what does…
Stores genetic information
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Made of sugar, phosphate, and base.
Deoxyribose - Sugar
What is the primary function of DNA
Stores genetic information
What does a DNA molecule consist of st…
Deoxyribonucleic acid
21 terms
Chapter 10 DNA
DNA is the molecule that governs inher…
DNA
nitrogenous bases (A,T,C,or G)
A, U, C, G (Adenine, Uracil, Cytosine,…
What did Hershey and Chase discover?
What macromolecule is transferred between generations?
If DNA is a ladder, what molecule makes up their rungs, speci…
Name the four bases used in RNA
DNA is the molecule that governs inher…
What did Hershey and Chase discover?
DNA
What macromolecule is transferred between generations?
28 terms
Biology chapter 10 DNA quiz
Nucleotide
DNA
Two kinds of nucleic acids
Three parts of every nucleotide
Basic chemical unit of a nucleic acid
The transforming factor that alters pneumonia bacteria
DNA RNA
Base, phosphate, sugar
Nucleotide
Basic chemical unit of a nucleic acid
DNA
The transforming factor that alters pneumonia bacteria
21 terms
Biology chapter 10 vocabulary: RNA and DNA
Anticodon
Codon
Deoxyribose
DNA polymerase
A region of tRNA that consists of 3 bases complementary to th…
A 3-nucleotide squence that encodes an amino acid or signifie…
A 5-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of a DNA molecule
Anticodon
A region of tRNA that consists of 3 bases complementary to th…
Codon
A 3-nucleotide squence that encodes an amino acid or signifie…
42 terms
Biology Chapter 10 DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis
Biology Chapter 10
DNA
Nucleotide
RNA
Biology Chapter 10
A complex nucleic acid molecule containing the genetic inform…
A monomer made of a phosphate group, a five-carbon sugar, and…
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
Biology Chapter 10
Biology Chapter 10
DNA
A complex nucleic acid molecule containing the genetic inform…
14 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 10 DNA worksheet
bacteriophage shape
bacteria capsule shape
replication fork shape
deoxyribose sugar shape
a weird spaceship
a coated pill
the letter Y
a stick drawing of a house
bacteriophage shape
a weird spaceship
bacteria capsule shape
a coated pill
39 terms
Chapter 10: Biology Honors - DNA, Transcription, Translation, and Mutations
Molecular biology
Frederick Griffith
5' to 3'
Hershey & Chase
study of heredity at a molecular level
killed pathogenic bacteria
phosphate on 5th of carbon OH on 3rd of carbon
experimented bacteriophages; observed radioactive components;…
Molecular biology
study of heredity at a molecular level
Frederick Griffith
killed pathogenic bacteria
13 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 10-3 DNA Replication
replication fork
helicase
semi-conservative replication
DNA polymerase
a Y-shaped region that results when the two strands of DNA se…
an enzyme that separates the strands of DNA during replication
produces a new DNA molecule with one original strand and one…
an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of the DNA molecule
replication fork
a Y-shaped region that results when the two strands of DNA se…
helicase
an enzyme that separates the strands of DNA during replication
86 terms
Honors Biology: Chapter 10 - DNA
What is DNA made up of?
What shape does DNA take on?
TRUE/FALSE? All living things have DNA…
How is someone's final personality made?
Small organic compounds (nucleotides).... 2 long chains of nucle…
Double-helix.
FALSE! Prokaryotes don't even have nuclei!
- Base personality given by DNA... - Shaped by environment
What is DNA made up of?
Small organic compounds (nucleotides).... 2 long chains of nucle…
What shape does DNA take on?
Double-helix.
43 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 10: DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
describes a microorganism or virus that causes disease and th…
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
virus that infects bacteria
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
Virulent
describes a microorganism or virus that causes disease and th…
Transformation
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
18 terms
Biology: Chapter 10-DNA (2)
Proteins are made of amino acids linke…
How many different amino acids are the…
Amino acid chains are called what?
DNA is found inside where?
Peptide bonds
20
Polypeptides
The nucleus
Proteins are made of amino acids linke…
Peptide bonds
How many different amino acids are the…
20
46 terms
Chapter 10 Biology: DNA & RNA
What shape is prokaryotic DNA?
Where is prokaryotic DNA located?
Where is eukaryotic DNA located?
What type of DNA includes histones: an…
Circular disks
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Eukaryotic
What shape is prokaryotic DNA?
Circular disks
Where is prokaryotic DNA located?
Cytoplasm
11 terms
Chapter 10 DNA Vocab
Nucleotide
Base sequence
Nitrogenous base
Complementary base pair
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Order of nitrogenous bases on a chain of DNA
A submit of a nucleotide in DNA and RNA, Adenine, Guanine, Cy…
The specific pairing of base A with T and C with G in double-…
Nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Base sequence
Order of nitrogenous bases on a chain of DNA
8 terms
Biology 102 Chapter 10 DNA and Protein Synthesis
genes
proteins
nucleotides
Replication of DNA
segments of dna... contain specific directions for constructing…
polypeptides of amino acids. ... required for:... - structure... -defe…
1 phosphate... 1 sugar... 1 base (C,G,T or A)
unzipping the double strand... make a complementary base with co…
genes
segments of dna... contain specific directions for constructing…
proteins
polypeptides of amino acids. ... required for:... - structure... -defe…
82 terms
Essential Biology (combo): Chapter 10 DNA Trans
Adenine (A)
Adenine and Guanine
Amino acid
Anticodon
A double-ring nitrogenous base found in DNA and RNA
Nitrogenous bases that are double-ringed structures
Serves as the monomer of proteins
On a tRNA molecule, a specific sequence of three nucleotides…
Adenine (A)
A double-ring nitrogenous base found in DNA and RNA
Adenine and Guanine
Nitrogenous bases that are double-ringed structures
21 terms
Biology: chapter 10 -- DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
protein
amino acid
nucleic acid
nucleotides
organic compound made of C, H, O, N
monomers that make protein
organic compounds made of C, H, O, N, P; found in the nucleus…
term for each strand of nucleic acid; composed of 5C sugar, p…
protein
organic compound made of C, H, O, N
amino acid
monomers that make protein
19 terms
CHAPTER 10: TEST 1: MODERN BIOLOGY: DNA, RNA, and protein Synthesis Chapter 10 Multiple Choice
name the molecule that codes for (enco…
list three parts of a DNA nucleotide
draw and label a DNA nucleotide
name the sugar found in DNA
mRNA
1. the five carbon sugar is called deoxyribose sugar... 2. a pho…
deoxyribose
name the molecule that codes for (enco…
mRNA
list three parts of a DNA nucleotide
1. the five carbon sugar is called deoxyribose sugar... 2. a pho…
45 terms
Biology chapter 10: DNA, RNA, and Protein synthesis
S strain
R strain
Griffith
Avery
(Smooth) virulent
(Rough) nonvirulent
Searching for a cure of pneumonia, accidently discovered the…
Discovered that DNA was the genetic material passed through g…
S strain
(Smooth) virulent
R strain
(Rough) nonvirulent
23 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 10 Modern Recombinant DNA Technology
Complementary DNA (cDNA)
cDNA Library
Dideoxy Sequencing or Sanger Sequencing
DNA Cloning
DNA molecule synthesized from an mRNA molecule and therefore…
Collection of DNA fragments synthesized using all of the mRNA…
The standard method of determining the nucleotide sequence of…
Production of many identical copies of a DNA sequence.
Complementary DNA (cDNA)
DNA molecule synthesized from an mRNA molecule and therefore…
cDNA Library
Collection of DNA fragments synthesized using all of the mRNA…
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