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Study sets matching "biology essentials"

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Study sets matching "biology essentials"

50 terms
Essentials of Biology Chapter 30
Ecology
Organisms
Populations
Community
scientific study of the interactions of organisms with one an…
Single species. Study of organisms focus on adaptations to an…
Members of same species located in the same place and time. S…
All the living things in an area. Study focuses on all the va…
Ecology
scientific study of the interactions of organisms with one an…
Organisms
Single species. Study of organisms focus on adaptations to an…
98 terms
Essential Biology
asexual reproduction
binary fission
fission
fragmentation
reproduction without the fusion of gametes
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
reproduction of some unicellular organisms by division of the…
a type of asexual reproduction where a septate hypha dries an…
asexual reproduction
reproduction without the fusion of gametes
binary fission
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
17 terms
Essentials of Biology
metabolism
photosynthesis
autotrophs
heterotrophs
sum of all chemical processes that occur in an organism
the process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
an organism that produces its own nutrients (food) from inorg…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
metabolism
sum of all chemical processes that occur in an organism
photosynthesis
the process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
57 terms
Essentials of Biology
Biology
cell
multicellular
tissues
scientific study of life
the smallest, most basic unit of life (although a cell is ali…
organisms composed of many types of cells; usually has organi…
group of similar cells combined to form a common culture
Biology
scientific study of life
cell
the smallest, most basic unit of life (although a cell is ali…
71 terms
Essentials of Biology Chapter 30
Ecology
Organisms
Populations
Community
scientific study of the interactions of organisms with one an…
Single species. Study of organisms focus on adaptations to an…
Members of same species located in the same place and time. S…
All the living things in an area. Study focuses on all the va…
Ecology
scientific study of the interactions of organisms with one an…
Organisms
Single species. Study of organisms focus on adaptations to an…
26 terms
Biology Essentials
Mitosis
Meiosis
Number of human chromosomes in body ce…
DNA
Chromosomes make copies of themselves, through DNA replicatio…
Starts with DNA replication, followed by two cell divisions.…
46
Double helix, two strands of sugars and phosphates connected…
Mitosis
Chromosomes make copies of themselves, through DNA replicatio…
Meiosis
Starts with DNA replication, followed by two cell divisions.…
112 terms
KEYSTONE BIOLOGY TERMS - ESSENTIALS
abiotic
active transport
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
allele
nonliving
movement of particles from an area of low concentration to an…
Energy for the cell
a gene. The gene for BROWN EYES and the gene for BLUE EYES ar…
abiotic
nonliving
active transport
movement of particles from an area of low concentration to an…
63 terms
Biology Essentials Exam 1
Hydronium ion
Hydroxide ion
Monosaccharides
Glycosidic linkage
H3O+
OH-
the simplest type of carbohydrate. The chemical formula is (C…
A covalent bond that can connect two monosaccharides together…
Hydronium ion
H3O+
Hydroxide ion
OH-
essentials of biology exam 2
cell
Difference between light microscope an…
Why is a large surface-area-to-volume…
plasma membrane
all organisms are composed of cells; extremely diverse; nearl…
Light microscope: invented in the 17th century; limited by pr…
*need surface area large enough for entry and exit of materia…
marks the boundary between outside and inside of a cell; regu…
cell
all organisms are composed of cells; extremely diverse; nearl…
Difference between light microscope an…
Light microscope: invented in the 17th century; limited by pr…
17 terms
Molecular Biology (Essentials)
Operon
Negative control (repressible)
Repressor
Retrovirus
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
enzyme is not made when product is present in sufficient amou…
A protein that binds to an operator and physically blocks RNA…
An RNA virus that reproduces by transcribing its RNA into DNA…
Operon
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
Negative control (repressible)
enzyme is not made when product is present in sufficient amou…
141 terms
essentials to biology test 4
Phylogeny
systematics
Taxonomy
binomial
is the evolutionary history of a species or group of related…
- classifies organisms and determines their evolutionary rela…
is the ordered division and naming of organisms
The two-part scientific name of a species is called a ______
Phylogeny
is the evolutionary history of a species or group of related…
systematics
- classifies organisms and determines their evolutionary rela…
79 terms
essential biology
biology
science
data
hypothesis
the scientific study of life
any method learning about the natural world that follows the…
recorded verifiable observations
a tentative explanation that a scientist proposes for a speci…
biology
the scientific study of life
science
any method learning about the natural world that follows the…
7 terms
essential biology
evolution
lamarck view
DARWIN theory
Natural selection
organisms developing from earlier forms of life on earth
getting the trait from
came up with natural selection
is a process in which organisms with certain inherited traits…
evolution
organisms developing from earlier forms of life on earth
lamarck view
getting the trait from
20 terms
essential biology
mycorrhizae
hypothesis
a cell
Snakes and dandelions
fungi that are mutualist with plants
a testable explanation for natural phenomena is refereed to a…
the smallest level of organization that possesses all the pro…
Which are parts of the biosphere
mycorrhizae
fungi that are mutualist with plants
hypothesis
a testable explanation for natural phenomena is refereed to a…
45 terms
Biology Essential
cell
unicellular
multi-cellular
sexual reproduction
basic unit of all forms of life
single celled organisms
multi celled organisms
cells from 2 different parents unite and reproduce
cell
basic unit of all forms of life
unicellular
single celled organisms
44 terms
Biology: The Essentials Chapter 2
matter
energy
element
atom
anything that takes up space
the ability to do work
pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substances
smallest piece of an element
matter
anything that takes up space
energy
the ability to do work
89 terms
MCAT Biology Essentials
interphase
G1 stage
S stage
G2 stage
longest stage of cell cycle; has G1, G0, S, and G2 within it;…
cells create organelles for energy and protein production and…
cell replicates genetic material, after replication, each chr…
postsynthetic gap; cells pass thru quality checkpoint to ensu…
interphase
longest stage of cell cycle; has G1, G0, S, and G2 within it;…
G1 stage
cells create organelles for energy and protein production and…
29 terms
Essentials of Biology Chapter 5
Potential energy cannot be converted t…
both A and D, entropy increases and en…
ATP consists of an adenine, a sugar, a…
All of these are correct
Which of the following is not a fundamental law of energy?
As a result of energy transformation,
Identify the incorrect statement
ATP is a good source of energy for a cell because
Potential energy cannot be converted t…
Which of the following is not a fundamental law of energy?
both A and D, entropy increases and en…
As a result of energy transformation,
37 terms
Biology: The Essentials Chapter 1
life
DNA
atoms
molecules
all living things are made up of cells
carries instructions to create protiens
all living things are made up of these
formed by atoms
life
all living things are made up of cells
DNA
carries instructions to create protiens
36 terms
Essentials of Biology Ch. 5
Energy
Where does our biosphere get energy fr…
Two basic forms of energy
Potential Energy
Capacity to do work
The Sun
Kinetic and Potential, are converted back and forth
Stored energy
Energy
Capacity to do work
Where does our biosphere get energy fr…
The Sun
essentials of biology chapter 2
Nucleus
Lysosomes
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Control center/contains genetic material
Recycles, I'm just in digest. Worn-out cell part. They have t…
Soupy interior, mainly water (70%) + sugars,amino acids,fats,…
Powerhouse of the cell
Nucleus
Control center/contains genetic material
Lysosomes
Recycles, I'm just in digest. Worn-out cell part. They have t…
33 terms
Essentials of Biology Ch. 2
Matter
Matter is composed of ____
Element
Atomic Theory
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Elements
Substance that cannot be broken down into another substance b…
States that elements consist of atoms
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Matter is composed of ____
Elements
139 terms
Chapter 3 Essentials to Biology
cholesterol
cholesterol
HDL (high-density lipoproteins)
LDL (low-density lipoproteins)
part of the cell's outer membrane
precursor to hormones (testosterone and estrogen)
are on their way from the tissues to the liver for recycling;…
carries cholesterol to the tissues; high level contribute to…
cholesterol
part of the cell's outer membrane
cholesterol
precursor to hormones (testosterone and estrogen)
55 terms
Ch. 3 - Biology, The Essentials
cells
transmission electron microscope
scanning electron microscope
prokaryotes
smallest unit of life that can function independently
device able to see internal cell structures
device able to reveal details on cell surfaces
most ancient forms of life
cells
smallest unit of life that can function independently
transmission electron microscope
device able to see internal cell structures
42 terms
Campbell Essential Biology Chapter 8
cell division
Chromosomes
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
cell reproduction; two "daughter cells" are produced that are…
tightly coiled strands of long DNA molecules in a cells nucle…
single-celled organisms reproduce by dividing in half, and th…
requires fertilization of an egg by a sperm, use Miosis
cell division
cell reproduction; two "daughter cells" are produced that are…
Chromosomes
tightly coiled strands of long DNA molecules in a cells nucle…
15 terms
Essential Biology Terms
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Mitosis
Meiosis
Single celled organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus. T…
An organism with a complex cell or cells. They have genetic m…
During this process, a single "parent" cell will divide and p…
Is a type of sexual reproduction and a special type of cell d…
Prokaryote
Single celled organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus. T…
Eukaryote
An organism with a complex cell or cells. They have genetic m…
15 terms
Essential Biology Terms
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Mitosis
Meiosis
Single celled organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus. T…
An organism with a complex cell or cells. They have genetic m…
During this process, a single "parent" cell will divide and p…
Is a type of sexual reproduction and a special type of cell d…
Prokaryote
Single celled organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus. T…
Eukaryote
An organism with a complex cell or cells. They have genetic m…
47 terms
Essentials of Biology Chapter 3
Organic Chemisty
Inorganic Chemisty
Organic molecule
Isomers
The study of organic chemistry
Study of compounds not having a carbon basis; chemistry of th…
A molecule that contains atoms of carbon and hydrogen
Molecules that have the same number and kinds of atoms but di…
Organic Chemisty
The study of organic chemistry
Inorganic Chemisty
Study of compounds not having a carbon basis; chemistry of th…
9 terms
Essentials of Biology Chapter 7
Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
Electron Transportation ( Chain or sys…
The production of ATP, the sum total of reactions; ATP molecu…
The breakdown of sugar / 2 ATP/ Glucose
AKA Citric acid cycle; the main pathways for proteins, energy…
The main pathways for energy makes 32-34 ATP's
Cellular Respiration
The production of ATP, the sum total of reactions; ATP molecu…
Glycolysis
The breakdown of sugar / 2 ATP/ Glucose
32 terms
Essentials of Biology Chapter 3
Capsule
Plasmids
Pilus
Nucleoid
A sticky outer coat the surrounds the cell wall, providing pr…
Small rings of DNA that duplicate independently and can be ex…
Short projections that can attach to surfaces or other prokar…
A 'nucleus-like' region (not surrounded by membrane) where th…
Capsule
A sticky outer coat the surrounds the cell wall, providing pr…
Plasmids
Small rings of DNA that duplicate independently and can be ex…
24 terms
Essentials of Biology Chapter 1
Biosphere
Ecosystem
Community
Population
Consists of all life on Earth and all of the environments tha…
Includes all the living organisms in one particular area (suc…
Consists of all the interacting populations of organisms occu…
A group of interacting individuals of one species, such as th…
Biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all of the environments tha…
Ecosystem
Includes all the living organisms in one particular area (suc…
57 terms
Essentials of biology chapter 1
Adaptation
Animal
Binomial name
Biodiversity
Organisms modification in structure, function, or behaviors s…
Multicellular, heterotrophic organism belonging to the animal…
Scientific name of an organism, the first part of which desig…
Total number of species, variability of their genes , and the…
Adaptation
Organisms modification in structure, function, or behaviors s…
Animal
Multicellular, heterotrophic organism belonging to the animal…
44 terms
Biology: The Essentials Chapter 2
matter
energy
element
atom
anything that takes up space
the ability to do work
pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substances
smallest piece of an element
matter
anything that takes up space
energy
the ability to do work
33 terms
Essentials of Biology Ch. 1
Cell
Tissues
Organs
Organ Systems
Smallest, most basic unit of life
Made up of similar cells
Made up of tissues that function together to complete a task
Organs working together
Cell
Smallest, most basic unit of life
Tissues
Made up of similar cells
Essential Biology Chapter 5
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
chemical energy
The capacity to perform work... cant be created or destroyed but…
the energy of motion.
stored energy
a form of potential energy stored in the chemical bonds of mo…
energy
The capacity to perform work... cant be created or destroyed but…
kinetic energy
the energy of motion.
29 terms
Essentials of Biology Chapter 7
During cellular respiration, _______ i…
Cellular respiration requires ______,…
During the energy-investment step of g…
During the energy-investment step of g…
glucose, oxygen
oxygen and glucose, carbon dioxide and water
ATP and NADH
ATP
During cellular respiration, _______ i…
glucose, oxygen
Cellular respiration requires ______,…
oxygen and glucose, carbon dioxide and water
36 terms
Essentials of Biology Ch8 Vocab
Binary Fission
DNA Replication
Chromosomes
Chromatin
A type of cell division in bacteria that produces two bacteri…
The process by which a cell copies its DNA
DNA and associated proteins packaged together, allowing the c…
The form of DNA and associated proteins when the eukaryotic c…
Binary Fission
A type of cell division in bacteria that produces two bacteri…
DNA Replication
The process by which a cell copies its DNA
45 terms
Biology: The Essentials Chapter 1
Cell
DNA
Population
Community
Every organism consists of one or more of these
The information molecule
A group of the same species of organism living in the same pl…
All population that occupy the same region
Cell
Every organism consists of one or more of these
DNA
The information molecule
39 terms
Essentials of Biology Chapter 10
carrier
Gregor Mendel
heredity
Characters
usually do not exhibit a recessive trait, but they are capabl…
Austrian monk who experimented with pea plants
tendency for traits to be passed from parent to offspring
heritable features
carrier
usually do not exhibit a recessive trait, but they are capabl…
Gregor Mendel
Austrian monk who experimented with pea plants
150 terms
Essentials of Biology Exam 3
nucleotides
1. 5 carbon sugar (deoxyribose)... 2. Pho…
Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine, U…
nucleotides
Building Blocks of DNA & RNA
Nucleotides consists of 3 parts
Name 5 Nitrogenous Bases
__________________ joined together to form a nucleic acid cha…
nucleotides
Building Blocks of DNA & RNA
1. 5 carbon sugar (deoxyribose)... 2. Pho…
Nucleotides consists of 3 parts
9 terms
biology essentials Chem of Life Chapter 2
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
Oxygen (O2)
Water (H2O)
Natural Gas (CH4)
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
Oxygen (O2)
21 terms
Essentials of Biology Chpt. 4
Basic Cell Parts
Nucleus
Golgi Body
Cytoskeleton
Cytoplasm, ribosomes, cell membrane, DNA
Controls access to DNA and permits easier packing of DNA duri…
In charge of the final modifications and sorting and shipping…
Helps determine cell shape, internal organization, and moveme…
Basic Cell Parts
Cytoplasm, ribosomes, cell membrane, DNA
Nucleus
Controls access to DNA and permits easier packing of DNA duri…
31 terms
Essentials of Biology Ch. 3
Organic Chemistry
Organic Molecules
Carbon Skeleton
Dehydration Synthesis Reaction
Biological molecules
Contain carbon and hydrogen
Linkage or chain of carbon atoms
Joins monomers to form polymers... Equivalent of removing a wate…
Organic Chemistry
Biological molecules
Organic Molecules
Contain carbon and hydrogen
22 terms
Essentials of Biology Ch9 Vocab
Meiosis
Karyotype
Autosomes
Sex Chromosomes
A type of nuclear division that is important in sexual reprod…
A visual layout of the 23 chromosomes
The 22 pairs of chromosomes (in humans) that are the same in…
Contain genes that determine gender
Meiosis
A type of nuclear division that is important in sexual reprod…
Karyotype
A visual layout of the 23 chromosomes
158 terms
essentials to biology test 3
mitosis
meiosis
somatic cells
sex cells
for growth and maintenance of multicellular organisms and for…
for sexual reproduction by the production of sex cells (sperm…
most of these cells, undergo mitosis
sperm and egg, undergo meiosis
mitosis
for growth and maintenance of multicellular organisms and for…
meiosis
for sexual reproduction by the production of sex cells (sperm…
129 terms
Essentials of Biology (Lecture Final)
what is the monomer of DNA?
what are the rungs of DNA made of?
what is the backbone of DNA made of?
what are the 4 nitrogen bases of DNA?
nucleotides
nitrogen bases
alternating sugars and phosphates
adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine
what is the monomer of DNA?
nucleotides
what are the rungs of DNA made of?
nitrogen bases
12 terms
Biology essentials 1
G1
S phase
G2
Mitosis
The cell does most of its growing here.
DNA replication happens here.
The cell prepares for cell division.
Is where the cell division happens.
G1
The cell does most of its growing here.
S phase
DNA replication happens here.
145 terms
essentials to biology test 2
greenhouse effect
solar radiation
CO2, water vapor, and methane
-18C (-0.4 F)
an analogous process operating on global scale
warms earths surface
greenhouse gases
without natural heating effect, average air temp would be...?
greenhouse effect
an analogous process operating on global scale
solar radiation
warms earths surface
55 terms
Biology: the essentials chapter 2
The study of matter
Matter
Element
Bulk elements
What do chemists study
Any material that takes up space
Pure substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means i…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen
The study of matter
What do chemists study
Matter
Any material that takes up space
57 terms
Essentials of biology chapter 1
Adaptation
Animal
Binomial name
Biodiversity
Organisms modification in structure, function, or behaviors s…
Multicellular, heterotrophic organism belonging to the animal…
Scientific name of an organism, the first part of which desig…
Total number of species, variability of their genes , and the…
Adaptation
Organisms modification in structure, function, or behaviors s…
Animal
Multicellular, heterotrophic organism belonging to the animal…
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