Study sets matching "biology final exam study guide"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "biology final exam study guide"

Final Biology Study Guide
Adaptation
Extinction
Species
Evolution
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
The disappearance of all members of a species from Earth
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
Adaptation
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
Extinction
The disappearance of all members of a species from Earth
45 terms
Biology Midterm Study Guide
comparisons of prokaryotes and eukaryo…
differences of prokaryotes and eukaryo…
comparisons of plant and animal cells
differences of plant and animal cells
both include DNA & located in plants
-prokaryotes only includes bacteria and archabacteria; does n…
both have cell membranes, mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, ribo…
-plant cell has a cell wall and chloroplasts; animal cell doe…
comparisons of prokaryotes and eukaryo…
both include DNA & located in plants
differences of prokaryotes and eukaryo…
-prokaryotes only includes bacteria and archabacteria; does n…
101 terms
Biology Study Guide Chapter 3
Biuret reagent
purple, from blue
Benedict's reagent
red, from blue
name of reagent used to distinguish proteins
colour change indicating that protein is present, in the chem…
name of reagent used to test for simple sugars (monosaccharid…
colour change indicating that sugar is present, in the chemic…
Biuret reagent
name of reagent used to distinguish proteins
purple, from blue
colour change indicating that protein is present, in the chem…
31 terms
Biology Ch4 Study Guide
Control center of the cell and contain…
A system of membranes that modifies an…
A double membrane that surrounds the n…
"Powerhouse of the cell." Double membr…
Nucleus
Golgi Apparatus
Nuclear Envelope
Mitochondria
Control center of the cell and contain…
Nucleus
A system of membranes that modifies an…
Golgi Apparatus
103 terms
biology exam study guide
the cell theory
organelles
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
1. all living things are made of cells... 2. cells are the basic…
structures with specialized uses that are contained inside nu…
cells that dont have a nucleus or other membrane bound organe…
cells that have a nucleus and other membrane bound organelles
the cell theory
1. all living things are made of cells... 2. cells are the basic…
organelles
structures with specialized uses that are contained inside nu…
Biology Study Guide
Somatic Cell
Differentiation
Haploid
Diploid
Body cell.
Process in which cells become specialized in structure and fu…
Term used to refer to a cell that contains only a single set…
Term used to refer to a cell that contains two sets of homolo…
Somatic Cell
Body cell.
Differentiation
Process in which cells become specialized in structure and fu…
197 terms
IB Biology Study Guide
The cell theory (2.1.1 / 2.1.2)
Function of life (2.1.3)
Cell size (2.1.4 - 2.1.6)
Differential gene expression (2.1.7 /…
1. The cell is the smallest unit of life ... 2. All living thing…
Function of life (2.1.3)... Remember: MRS GREN ... Movement... Reprodu…
• The rate of metabolism (e.g. cell respiration) is a functio…
• Differentiation is the process by which newly-formed cells…
The cell theory (2.1.1 / 2.1.2)
1. The cell is the smallest unit of life ... 2. All living thing…
Function of life (2.1.3)
Function of life (2.1.3)... Remember: MRS GREN ... Movement... Reprodu…
24 terms
Biology Midterm Study Guide
The organelle that contains the DNA an…
A double membrane that surrounds the n…
In this solution a cell will swell to…
The ______________ helps to control th…
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Hypertonic solution
Lipid head
The organelle that contains the DNA an…
Nucleus
A double membrane that surrounds the n…
Nucleolus
82 terms
Biology EOC study guide
The science that seeks to understand t…
Unicellular only consists of a single…
Homeostasis is the process by which or…
The main characteristics of life inclu…
What is the study of Biology?
Contrast unicellular and multicellular organisms.
What is homeostasis? Give an example.
What are the main characteristics of life?
The science that seeks to understand t…
What is the study of Biology?
Unicellular only consists of a single…
Contrast unicellular and multicellular organisms.
50 terms
Ch.8 Biology Study Guide
active transport
Examples of active transport
Passive transport
examples of passive transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
exocytosis, endocytosis, protein pumps
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Diffusion, osmosis, facilitated diffusion
active transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Examples of active transport
exocytosis, endocytosis, protein pumps
65 terms
Biology final study guide
Define evolution
Describe the main points of Darwin's t…
Define adaptation as it relates to evo…
Compare the gradualism and punctuated…
gradually changing overtime to become better adapted to condi…
Individuals that have physical or behavioral traits that are…
a feature that has become common in a population because the…
Gradualism is selection and variation that happens more gradu…
Define evolution
gradually changing overtime to become better adapted to condi…
Describe the main points of Darwin's t…
Individuals that have physical or behavioral traits that are…
164 terms
Biology Midterm Study Guide
Scientific Method
Steps to Scientific Method
Controlled Experimental
Independent Variable
Organized series of ecents that scientists all use to gather…
1. Observe an unexplained phenomenon... 2. Collect information/M…
- Tests one hypothesis... - Only one variable is changed at a ti…
- Factor that is changed in a controlled experiment... - Is the…
Scientific Method
Organized series of ecents that scientists all use to gather…
Steps to Scientific Method
1. Observe an unexplained phenomenon... 2. Collect information/M…
149 terms
BIOLOGY SOL STUDY GUIDE
Hypothesis
Theory
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
educated guess
an observation, backed up by evidence. Supported by scientifi…
being changed
what's being measured
Hypothesis
educated guess
Theory
an observation, backed up by evidence. Supported by scientifi…
503 terms
Ultimate Study Guide | Biology
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport
Facilitated Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
An active movement where an input of energy is required. Part…
A passive movement of particles from high to low concentratio…
Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
Osmosis
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
96 terms
Biology EOC Study Guide- 2016
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Lipids
Nucleic Acids
major source of energy and includes sugars and starches, made…
Nitrogen-containing compounds made up of chains of amino acids
water-insoluable (fats and oils), made up of carbon, hydrogen…
direct the instruction of proteins, genetic information an or…
Carbohydrates
major source of energy and includes sugars and starches, made…
Proteins
Nitrogen-containing compounds made up of chains of amino acids
biology study guide #20
interphase
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
longest phase
1st step of mitosis
2nd step: chromosomes lines up along the middle of the cell
3rd step: double stranded chromosomes split apart and move to…
interphase
longest phase
prophase
1st step of mitosis
154 terms
Study Guide- Field Biology
Yew
American Robin
White Cedar
Willow
Shrub
Orange stomach with brownish top
Fan-like branches and has scaly leaves.
Leaves are droopy
Yew
Shrub
American Robin
Orange stomach with brownish top
107 terms
Biology Test 4 Study Guide
stages of cell cycle
stages and events of interphase
cytokinesis
mitosis
interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, cytokin…
G1 - first gap phase, fairly long in duration, new daughter c…
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or m…
cell division, nuclear division in eukaryotes, asexual divisi…
stages of cell cycle
interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, cytokin…
stages and events of interphase
G1 - first gap phase, fairly long in duration, new daughter c…
56 terms
Biology study guide
endergonic reaction
endergonic reaction causes
Photosynthesis Equation
Autotrophs
stores energy
carbon dioxide, light and water to produce macromolecules and…
produce their own food.
endergonic reaction
stores energy
endergonic reaction causes
carbon dioxide, light and water to produce macromolecules and…
14 terms
Biology Study Guide
metabolism
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
adenosine triphosphate
Chemical reactions in living organisms that are necessary to…
...
...
...
metabolism
Chemical reactions in living organisms that are necessary to…
photosynthesis
...
23 terms
Module 2 Biology (TEST) Study Guide
Aerobic organism
Anaerobic organism
Steady state
Exponential growth
An organism that requires oxygen
An organism that does not require oxygen
A state in which members of a population die as quickly as ne…
Population growth that is unhindered because of the abundance…
Aerobic organism
An organism that requires oxygen
Anaerobic organism
An organism that does not require oxygen
Biology Study Guide
Cell Cycle... Interphase
G1, ... S, ... G2
Prophase
Metaphase
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
GROWTH 1... -growth... -increase in size... -new proteins and organell…
Nuclear membrane disappears / Chromatin condenses and thicken…
Chromosomes line up along the equator in the middle of the cell
Cell Cycle... Interphase
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
G1, ... S, ... G2
GROWTH 1... -growth... -increase in size... -new proteins and organell…
Biology EOC Study Guide
What is evolution?... What is natural sel…
How is life organized?... What is the cla…
What speacializes prokaryotes ?
-all organisms are related by common ancestry ... -natural selec…
Domain- ... Ex.domain eukarya... Kingdom- anamalia... Ex.planatae ,fun…
-simpler cellular organization ... -no nucleus or membrane bound…
What is evolution?... What is natural sel…
-all organisms are related by common ancestry ... -natural selec…
How is life organized?... What is the cla…
Domain- ... Ex.domain eukarya... Kingdom- anamalia... Ex.planatae ,fun…
6 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Study Guide
Make energy (glucose) and regulate the…
Builds DNA and RNA. Are made from nucl…
They store energy (ATP) They make up m…
Builds and repairs body tissue, provid…
Carbohydrates
Nuclei Acids
Lipids
Proteins
Make energy (glucose) and regulate the…
Carbohydrates
Builds DNA and RNA. Are made from nucl…
Nuclei Acids
46 terms
Biology 110 Study Guide
Cell
Cell Theory
Preexisting Cells
One or more cells
The Smallest Unit of life that can function indepedently
Explains the prevalence and commonaltiites of Cells
All cells come from what?
All organisms are made of how many cells?
Cell
The Smallest Unit of life that can function indepedently
Cell Theory
Explains the prevalence and commonaltiites of Cells
26 terms
Honors Biology Final Study Guide
Food web
Energy loss
Keystone species
Photosynthesis
A food web is a diagram showing the interconnected nature of…
This occurs as you move up the trophic levels from producers…
A species which other species in an ecosystem depend on. If i…
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
Food web
A food web is a diagram showing the interconnected nature of…
Energy loss
This occurs as you move up the trophic levels from producers…
39 terms
Biology - Unit 1 - Biology Skills - Study Guide
science
science
pseudoscience
pseudoscience
Science or Pseudoscience? Uses testable ideas
Science or Pseudoscience? Relies on objective observations
Science or Pseudoscience? Often contradicts itself
Science or Pseudoscience? A belief that cannot be affected by…
science
Science or Pseudoscience? Uses testable ideas
science
Science or Pseudoscience? Relies on objective observations
89 terms
Biology: Chapter 6 study guide
How many electrons does carbon have in…
This molecules is a major component of…
The peptide bond joins monomers of whi…
One amino acid is bonded to another am…
4
Lipids
Protein
Dehydration Synthesis
How many electrons does carbon have in…
4
This molecules is a major component of…
Lipids
40 terms
Unit 1 Biology Study Guide
What organelle is in a Eukaryote but n…
What is an example of a eukaryote?
What is an example of a prokaryote?
Genetic information is stored in which…
Nucleus
Plant Cell or Animal Cell
Bacteria
Nucleic Acid
What organelle is in a Eukaryote but n…
Nucleus
What is an example of a eukaryote?
Plant Cell or Animal Cell
27 terms
Biology Chapter 27 study guide
Describe and compare the basic feature…
Give examples of bacterial diversity,…
Explain classification methods for pro…
Explain some of the ways in which the…
Archea and Bacteria are prokaryotes, they contain no nuclues…
shapes- coccus, bacillus, spiral(vibrio, spiral, spirochaetes…
-photosynthetic or non-photosynthetic... -motile or nonmotile... -u…
From the last universal common ancestor, first prokaryotes an…
Describe and compare the basic feature…
Archea and Bacteria are prokaryotes, they contain no nuclues…
Give examples of bacterial diversity,…
shapes- coccus, bacillus, spiral(vibrio, spiral, spirochaetes…
221 terms
Biology study Guide
Cardiac Muscle
connective tissue
Cartilage
cranial cavity
Involuntary muscle. Self initiating. Striated. Branched.
Binds, supports, protects. Most common tissue. ... 1)widely scat…
Connective tissue. Elastic: ears, epiglottis. Hyaline: 50/50.…
houses the brain
Cardiac Muscle
Involuntary muscle. Self initiating. Striated. Branched.
connective tissue
Binds, supports, protects. Most common tissue. ... 1)widely scat…
Biology Unit Study Guide
Heredity
Studied Pea Plants
Genotype
Phenotype
passing of traits from parent to offsprings
How did Mendel start his experiments?
genetic makeup of an organism
Physical appearance of an organism;... determined by genotype
Heredity
passing of traits from parent to offsprings
Studied Pea Plants
How did Mendel start his experiments?
Biology Study Guide
designing an experiment
Characteristics of Living Things
Levels of Organization
Cellular Respiration
1. hypothesis... 2. set up a controlled experiment ... 3. record/an…
1. living things are made up of units called cells ... 2. living…
- molecules ... - cells ... - organisms ... - populations of a single…
designing an experiment
1. hypothesis... 2. set up a controlled experiment ... 3. record/an…
Characteristics of Living Things
1. living things are made up of units called cells ... 2. living…
222 terms
Biology Study Guide
Biosphere
biodiversity
species
biology
all living things and places on Earth
variety of life amongst biospheres
particular group of organism that interbreed to survive
scientific study of life forms
Biosphere
all living things and places on Earth
biodiversity
variety of life amongst biospheres
44 terms
Biology Chapter 13 Study Guide
RNA
Components of RNA
Differences Between RNA and DNA
Function of RNA
a single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose…
-a 5-carbon sugar... -a phosphate group... -a nitrogenous base
-the sugar in RNA is ribose instead of deoxyribose... -RNA is ge…
-protein synthesis: controls assembly of amino acids in prote…
RNA
a single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose…
Components of RNA
-a 5-carbon sugar... -a phosphate group... -a nitrogenous base
52 terms
Biology Chapter 24 Study Guide
how does a gene pool describe a popula…
microevolution
hardy-weinberg principle
what conditions must be met for Hardy-…
...
...
...
...
how does a gene pool describe a popula…
...
microevolution
...
22 terms
Biology Chapter 28 Study Guide
Describe how protists can be distingui…
List the three main means of locomotio…
Explain the need for the classificatio…
Define endosymbiosis and explain how i…
Ecological Role:... *Algae- Generally photoautotrophic... *Protozoa…
Some can move by cytoplasmic streaming using pseudopodia, lik…
They are not monophyletic
Endosymbiosis- A symbiotic relationship in which the smaller…
Describe how protists can be distingui…
Ecological Role:... *Algae- Generally photoautotrophic... *Protozoa…
List the three main means of locomotio…
Some can move by cytoplasmic streaming using pseudopodia, lik…
131 terms
Biology Study Guide
Scientific Method
Theory
Criteria for Life
Element
Involves observing and asking questions, making inferences fo…
Applies to a well tested explanation that unifies a broad ran…
Made up of cells based on a universal genetic code, obtain an…
A pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
Scientific Method
Involves observing and asking questions, making inferences fo…
Theory
Applies to a well tested explanation that unifies a broad ran…
Biology Study guide
Protein makers
network of proteins to give cell shape…
control center: stores and proteins DNA
ribosome synthesis
Ribosomes
Cytoskeleton
Nucleus
Nucleous
Protein makers
Ribosomes
network of proteins to give cell shape…
Cytoskeleton
8 terms
Biology StudyGuide
Scientific Methods
MacroMolecules
Cell Structure and Function
cell Energy
1)The Independent variable doesn't rely on anything,the depen…
2)Carbs,Lipids,Proteins, Amino Acids... Monomers: ... A.Carbohydrat…
Cell wall: protect the membrane,vital role in supporting and…
6co2+6h2o --> c6h12o6 +6o2... photosynthesis effected by light c…
Scientific Methods
1)The Independent variable doesn't rely on anything,the depen…
MacroMolecules
2)Carbs,Lipids,Proteins, Amino Acids... Monomers: ... A.Carbohydrat…
Biology Final Study Guide
What are the atoms in water?
Formed when moving electrons actually…
Formed when one or more electrons are…
How does an ion form?
2 Hydrogen and 1 Oxygen
Covalent bond
Ionic bond
When an atom loses or gains an electron and becomes positivel…
What are the atoms in water?
2 Hydrogen and 1 Oxygen
Formed when moving electrons actually…
Covalent bond
174 terms
BIOLOGY STUDY GUIDE
Daisy Fleabane (Erigeron Strigosus)
Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides)
Boxelder (Acer negundo)
American Elm (Ulmus ameriana)
1. Native to Iowa... 2. Warm season flower... 3. Grows in bunches... 4…
1. Rough bark... 2. Leaf is spade-shaped ... 3. Leaf stem is flat... 4…
1. Called the weed tree... 2. Compound leaves... 3. 5-7 leaves per…
1. Single leaves... 2. Leaves feel like sandpaper... 3. Alternate l…
Daisy Fleabane (Erigeron Strigosus)
1. Native to Iowa... 2. Warm season flower... 3. Grows in bunches... 4…
Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides)
1. Rough bark... 2. Leaf is spade-shaped ... 3. Leaf stem is flat... 4…
104 terms
Biology study guide
Covalent bond
Ionic bond
Polar covalent bond
Hydrogen bond
Electrons are shared between two atoms
A bond between two atoms in which one atom loses electrons an…
Chemical bond where electron aren't equally shared
When one water molecule is next to another water molecule the…
Covalent bond
Electrons are shared between two atoms
Ionic bond
A bond between two atoms in which one atom loses electrons an…
36 terms
Biology chapter 23 Study Guide
biological evolution
natural selection
adaptation
anatomical homology
...
...
...
A type of supportive evidence for evolution has been obtained…
biological evolution
...
natural selection
...
Biology study guide
Qualitative
Precision
Observation
Inference
Describes qualities
How close your measurements are to eachother. (Think consiste…
Description of something you can see, smell, touch, taste, or…
A guess about an object or outcome based on observations.
Qualitative
Describes qualities
Precision
How close your measurements are to eachother. (Think consiste…
129 terms
[Biology] Final Exam Study Guide
Mycology
Taxonomy
Physiology
Botany
The study of fungi
The study of classifying organisms
The study of body functions within organisms
The study of plants
Mycology
The study of fungi
Taxonomy
The study of classifying organisms
Biology Study Guide
DNA
RNA
Double Helix
Chromosome
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in…
ribonucleic acid, a nucleic acid present in all living cells.…
Double helix is the description of the structure of a DNA mol…
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
DNA
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in…
RNA
ribonucleic acid, a nucleic acid present in all living cells.…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 17 Study Guide
Classification
Taxonomy
Bloodless and Redblood
Carolus Linnaeus
the action or process of classifying something according to s…
Classification of organisms in an ordered system that indicat…
How did Aristotle classify living organisms?
Father of Taxonomy
Classification
the action or process of classifying something according to s…
Taxonomy
Classification of organisms in an ordered system that indicat…
Biology Chapter 10 Study Guide
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Replication
Mitosis
The regular sequence of growth & division that cells undergo.
The stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cell divi…
The process by which a cell makes a copy of the DNA in its nu…
The stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus d…
Cell Cycle
The regular sequence of growth & division that cells undergo.
Interphase
The stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cell divi…
308 terms
Biology Midterm Study Guide
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Chromosomes in Humans
Diploid
contain genetic material
When Eukaryotic cells are not dividing, DNA and proteins are…
46 (Somatic/Autosomal cells)
noted as 2n, has 46 chromosomes
Chromosomes
contain genetic material
Chromatin
When Eukaryotic cells are not dividing, DNA and proteins are…
1 of 10