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Study sets matching "biology final exam study guide"

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Study sets matching "biology final exam study guide"

34 terms
Final Biology Study Guide
Adaptation
Extinction
Species
Evolution
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
The disappearance of all members of a species from Earth
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
Adaptation
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
Extinction
The disappearance of all members of a species from Earth
101 terms
Biology Study Guide Chapter 3
Biuret reagent
purple, from blue
Benedict's reagent
red, from blue
name of reagent used to distinguish proteins
colour change indicating that protein is present, in the chem…
name of reagent used to test for simple sugars (monosaccharid…
colour change indicating that sugar is present, in the chemic…
Biuret reagent
name of reagent used to distinguish proteins
purple, from blue
colour change indicating that protein is present, in the chem…
31 terms
Biology Ch4 Study Guide
Control center of the cell and contain…
A system of membranes that modifies an…
A double membrane that surrounds the n…
"Powerhouse of the cell." Double membr…
Nucleus
Golgi Apparatus
Nuclear Envelope
Mitochondria
Control center of the cell and contain…
Nucleus
A system of membranes that modifies an…
Golgi Apparatus
50 terms
Ch.8 Biology Study Guide
active transport
Examples of active transport
Passive transport
examples of passive transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
exocytosis, endocytosis, protein pumps
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Diffusion, osmosis, facilitated diffusion
active transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Examples of active transport
exocytosis, endocytosis, protein pumps
24 terms
Biology Study Guide
Somatic Cell
Differentiation
Haploid
Diploid
Body cell.
Process in which cells become specialized in structure and fu…
Term used to refer to a cell that contains only a single set…
Term used to refer to a cell that contains two sets of homolo…
Somatic Cell
Body cell.
Differentiation
Process in which cells become specialized in structure and fu…
96 terms
Biology EOC Study Guide- 2016
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Lipids
Nucleic Acids
major source of energy and includes sugars and starches, made…
Nitrogen-containing compounds made up of chains of amino acids
water-insoluable (fats and oils), made up of carbon, hydrogen…
direct the instruction of proteins, genetic information an or…
Carbohydrates
major source of energy and includes sugars and starches, made…
Proteins
Nitrogen-containing compounds made up of chains of amino acids
154 terms
Study Guide- Field Biology
Yew
American Robin
White Cedar
Willow
Shrub
Orange stomach with brownish top
Fan-like branches and has scaly leaves.
Leaves are droopy
Yew
Shrub
American Robin
Orange stomach with brownish top
23 terms
Module 2 Biology (TEST) Study Guide
Aerobic organism
Anaerobic organism
Steady state
Exponential growth
An organism that requires oxygen
An organism that does not require oxygen
A state in which members of a population die as quickly as ne…
Population growth that is unhindered because of the abundance…
Aerobic organism
An organism that requires oxygen
Anaerobic organism
An organism that does not require oxygen
56 terms
Biology study guide
endergonic reaction
endergonic reaction causes
Photosynthesis Equation
Autotrophs
stores energy
carbon dioxide, light and water to produce macromolecules and…
produce their own food.
endergonic reaction
stores energy
endergonic reaction causes
carbon dioxide, light and water to produce macromolecules and…
197 terms
IB Biology Study Guide
The cell theory (2.1.1 / 2.1.2)
Function of life (2.1.3)
Cell size (2.1.4 - 2.1.6)
Differential gene expression (2.1.7 /…
1. The cell is the smallest unit of life ... 2. All living thing…
Function of life (2.1.3)... Remember: MRS GREN ... Movement... Reprodu…
• The rate of metabolism (e.g. cell respiration) is a functio…
• Differentiation is the process by which newly-formed cells…
The cell theory (2.1.1 / 2.1.2)
1. The cell is the smallest unit of life ... 2. All living thing…
Function of life (2.1.3)
Function of life (2.1.3)... Remember: MRS GREN ... Movement... Reprodu…
14 terms
Biology Study Guide
metabolism
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
adenosine triphosphate
Chemical reactions in living organisms that are necessary to…
...
...
...
metabolism
Chemical reactions in living organisms that are necessary to…
photosynthesis
...
24 terms
Biology Midterm Study Guide
The organelle that contains the DNA an…
A double membrane that surrounds the n…
In this solution a cell will swell to…
The ______________ helps to control th…
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Hypertonic solution
Lipid head
The organelle that contains the DNA an…
Nucleus
A double membrane that surrounds the n…
Nucleolus
149 terms
BIOLOGY SOL STUDY GUIDE
Hypothesis
Theory
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
educated guess
an observation, backed up by evidence. Supported by scientifi…
being changed
what's being measured
Hypothesis
educated guess
Theory
an observation, backed up by evidence. Supported by scientifi…
103 terms
biology exam study guide
the cell theory
organelles
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
1. all living things are made of cells... 2. cells are the basic…
structures with specialized uses that are contained inside nu…
cells that dont have a nucleus or other membrane bound organe…
cells that have a nucleus and other membrane bound organelles
the cell theory
1. all living things are made of cells... 2. cells are the basic…
organelles
structures with specialized uses that are contained inside nu…
40 terms
Unit 1 Biology Study Guide
What organelle is in a Eukaryote but n…
What is an example of a eukaryote?
What is an example of a prokaryote?
Genetic information is stored in which…
Nucleus
Plant Cell or Animal Cell
Bacteria
Nucleic Acid
What organelle is in a Eukaryote but n…
Nucleus
What is an example of a eukaryote?
Plant Cell or Animal Cell
18 terms
study guide 4 biology
how the plasma membrane works in contr…
Functions of Membrane proteins... Channel…
Transport
Cell recognition
The plasma membrane's main function is to regulate the concen…
form a tunnel across the entire membrane allowin only one or…
transport protein are also involved in the passage of molecul…
Cell Recognition P.are glycoproteins, they enable our bodies…
how the plasma membrane works in contr…
The plasma membrane's main function is to regulate the concen…
Functions of Membrane proteins... Channel…
form a tunnel across the entire membrane allowin only one or…
129 terms
[Biology] Final Exam Study Guide
Mycology
Taxonomy
Physiology
Botany
The study of fungi
The study of classifying organisms
The study of body functions within organisms
The study of plants
Mycology
The study of fungi
Taxonomy
The study of classifying organisms
65 terms
Biology final study guide
Define evolution
Describe the main points of Darwin's t…
Define adaptation as it relates to evo…
Compare the gradualism and punctuated…
gradually changing overtime to become better adapted to condi…
Individuals that have physical or behavioral traits that are…
a feature that has become common in a population because the…
Gradualism is selection and variation that happens more gradu…
Define evolution
gradually changing overtime to become better adapted to condi…
Describe the main points of Darwin's t…
Individuals that have physical or behavioral traits that are…
26 terms
Honors Biology Final Study Guide
Food web
Energy loss
Keystone species
Photosynthesis
A food web is a diagram showing the interconnected nature of…
This occurs as you move up the trophic levels from producers…
A species which other species in an ecosystem depend on. If i…
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
Food web
A food web is a diagram showing the interconnected nature of…
Energy loss
This occurs as you move up the trophic levels from producers…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Study Guide
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Replication
Mitosis
The regular sequence of growth & division that cells undergo.
The stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cell divi…
The process by which a cell makes a copy of the DNA in its nu…
The stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus d…
Cell Cycle
The regular sequence of growth & division that cells undergo.
Interphase
The stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cell divi…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 17 Study Guide
Classification
Taxonomy
Bloodless and Redblood
Carolus Linnaeus
the action or process of classifying something according to s…
Classification of organisms in an ordered system that indicat…
How did Aristotle classify living organisms?
Father of Taxonomy
Classification
the action or process of classifying something according to s…
Taxonomy
Classification of organisms in an ordered system that indicat…
20 terms
Study guide 1 Biology
Life is organized know the order from…
cell
population
ecosystem
1. atom ... 2.molecules... 3.cell... 4.tissue... 5.organ... 6.organ system... 7…
the smallest, most basic unit of life. (Although a cell is al…
All the members of a species with in a particular are (organi…
Most encompassing level of organization, communities interact…
Life is organized know the order from…
1. atom ... 2.molecules... 3.cell... 4.tissue... 5.organ... 6.organ system... 7…
cell
the smallest, most basic unit of life. (Although a cell is al…
19 terms
study guide 3 Biology
know what distinguishes organic molecu…
know the 4 categories of biological-or…
know the difference between dehydratio…
Hydrolysis
Organic molecules contain carbon and hydrogen.make up portion…
1-carbohydrates-sugar and starches... 2-lipids- oils... 3-proteins-…
Dehydration: remove water, joins monomers to form polymers an…
Breaks polymers apart, water is used to break the bond.... an —O…
know what distinguishes organic molecu…
Organic molecules contain carbon and hydrogen.make up portion…
know the 4 categories of biological-or…
1-carbohydrates-sugar and starches... 2-lipids- oils... 3-proteins-…
25 terms
Biology Study Guide
Cell Cycle... Interphase
G1, ... S, ... G2
Prophase
Metaphase
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
GROWTH 1... -growth... -increase in size... -new proteins and organell…
Nuclear membrane disappears / Chromatin condenses and thicken…
Chromosomes line up along the equator in the middle of the cell
Cell Cycle... Interphase
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
G1, ... S, ... G2
GROWTH 1... -growth... -increase in size... -new proteins and organell…
34 terms
study guide 2 Biology
know subatomic particles and their cha…
Atomic mass
atomic number
atomic symbol
electron: subatomic element that has negative charge and is... f…
the average sum of protons and neutrons ... NUMBER AT THE BOTTOM
All atoms of an element have the same number of protons. also…
Unique name of an atom or element
know subatomic particles and their cha…
electron: subatomic element that has negative charge and is... f…
Atomic mass
the average sum of protons and neutrons ... NUMBER AT THE BOTTOM
15 terms
Biology study guide #2
chemical bonds
Valence Shell
Ionic bond
positive charge
The atoms in compounds are held together by
The atoms in compounds are held together by...... and also de…
formed when one or more electrons are... transferred from one at…
An atom that loses electrons
chemical bonds
The atoms in compounds are held together by
Valence Shell
The atoms in compounds are held together by...... and also de…
107 terms
Biology Test 4 Study Guide
stages of cell cycle
stages and events of interphase
cytokinesis
mitosis
interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, cytokin…
G1 - first gap phase, fairly long in duration, new daughter c…
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or m…
cell division, nuclear division in eukaryotes, asexual divisi…
stages of cell cycle
interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, cytokin…
stages and events of interphase
G1 - first gap phase, fairly long in duration, new daughter c…
22 terms
Biology Lab Study Guide
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Interphase
Prophase
6 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Study Guide
Make energy (glucose) and regulate the…
Builds DNA and RNA. Are made from nucl…
They store energy (ATP) They make up m…
Builds and repairs body tissue, provid…
Carbohydrates
Nuclei Acids
Lipids
Proteins
Make energy (glucose) and regulate the…
Carbohydrates
Builds DNA and RNA. Are made from nucl…
Nuclei Acids
221 terms
Biology study Guide
Cardiac Muscle
connective tissue
Cartilage
cranial cavity
Involuntary muscle. Self initiating. Striated. Branched.
Binds, supports, protects. Most common tissue. ... 1)widely scat…
Connective tissue. Elastic: ears, epiglottis. Hyaline: 50/50.…
houses the brain
Cardiac Muscle
Involuntary muscle. Self initiating. Striated. Branched.
connective tissue
Binds, supports, protects. Most common tissue. ... 1)widely scat…
89 terms
Biology: Chapter 6 study guide
How many electrons does carbon have in…
This molecules is a major component of…
The peptide bond joins monomers of whi…
One amino acid is bonded to another am…
4
Lipids
Protein
Dehydration Synthesis
How many electrons does carbon have in…
4
This molecules is a major component of…
Lipids
18 terms
Biology Study Guide
Scientific Method
Difference between Observation and Inf…
Quantitative and Qualitative
The Seven Characteristics of Life
1.Observation ... 2.Question... 3.Research... 4.Hypothesis... 5.Design ex…
Observation: Using the 5 senses, Quantitative, and Qualitativ…
Quantitative: expressed in numbers, counted or measured ... Qual…
1.Cells... 2.Reproduction= EX: Asexual and Sexual... 3.Grow and Dev…
Scientific Method
1.Observation ... 2.Question... 3.Research... 4.Hypothesis... 5.Design ex…
Difference between Observation and Inf…
Observation: Using the 5 senses, Quantitative, and Qualitativ…
42 terms
Biology Unit Study Guide
Heredity
Studied Pea Plants
Genotype
Phenotype
passing of traits from parent to offsprings
How did Mendel start his experiments?
genetic makeup of an organism
Physical appearance of an organism;... determined by genotype
Heredity
passing of traits from parent to offsprings
Studied Pea Plants
How did Mendel start his experiments?
170 terms
Biology study guide
Ecology
population
species
community
interactions among organism that live together in an environm…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
a group of similar organism that can breed and produce fertil…
assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
Ecology
interactions among organism that live together in an environm…
population
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
91 terms
Biology Study guide
Protein makers
network of proteins to give cell shape…
control center: stores and proteins DNA
ribosome synthesis
Ribosomes
Cytoskeleton
Nucleus
Nucleous
Protein makers
Ribosomes
network of proteins to give cell shape…
Cytoskeleton
308 terms
Biology Midterm Study Guide
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Chromosomes in Humans
Diploid
contain genetic material
When Eukaryotic cells are not dividing, DNA and proteins are…
46 (Somatic/Autosomal cells)
noted as 2n, has 46 chromosomes
Chromosomes
contain genetic material
Chromatin
When Eukaryotic cells are not dividing, DNA and proteins are…
104 terms
Biology study guide
Covalent bond
Ionic bond
Polar covalent bond
Hydrogen bond
Electrons are shared between two atoms
A bond between two atoms in which one atom loses electrons an…
Chemical bond where electron aren't equally shared
When one water molecule is next to another water molecule the…
Covalent bond
Electrons are shared between two atoms
Ionic bond
A bond between two atoms in which one atom loses electrons an…
61 terms
biology study guide
hydrogen bond
hydrogen bonding in water
covalent bond
polar
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
each molecule of water can form multiple hydrogen bonds with…
strong bond formed by sharing electrons ... as result it stores…
molecule with slightly negative charge at one side and slight…
hydrogen bond
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
hydrogen bonding in water
each molecule of water can form multiple hydrogen bonds with…
21 terms
Biology study Guide Terms
Science is
Science is not
Control
Variable
Observable, Measure, Modifiable( to change), Predictable (to…
Rigid, Based on faith, Based on belief, Based on authority, A…
The part of the experiment for which the outcome is already k…
Any factor that changes in the experiment.
Science is
Observable, Measure, Modifiable( to change), Predictable (to…
Science is not
Rigid, Based on faith, Based on belief, Based on authority, A…
83 terms
Biology Study Guide
Cells
Cells came from pre-existing cells
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Basic Unit of Life
Origin of living cells
Unicellular organism that lacks membrane-bound nucleus and ot…
Organisms whose cells contain a membrane-bound nucleus and ot…
Cells
Basic Unit of Life
Cells came from pre-existing cells
Origin of living cells
43 terms
Biology Study Guide
DNA
RNA
Double Helix
Chromosome
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in…
ribonucleic acid, a nucleic acid present in all living cells.…
Double helix is the description of the structure of a DNA mol…
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
DNA
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in…
RNA
ribonucleic acid, a nucleic acid present in all living cells.…
97 terms
Biology Study Guide
evolution
theory
natural selection
variation
change over time; the process by which modern organisms have…
well-tested explanation that accounts for a lot of observatio…
process by which organisms that are most suited to their envi…
varieties of organisms, species and genes adapting to a new h…
evolution
change over time; the process by which modern organisms have…
theory
well-tested explanation that accounts for a lot of observatio…
52 terms
Biology Chapter 24 Study Guide
how does a gene pool describe a popula…
microevolution
hardy-weinberg principle
what conditions must be met for Hardy-…
...
...
...
...
how does a gene pool describe a popula…
...
microevolution
...
22 terms
Biology Chapter 28 Study Guide
Describe how protists can be distingui…
List the three main means of locomotio…
Explain the need for the classificatio…
Define endosymbiosis and explain how i…
Ecological Role:... *Algae- Generally photoautotrophic... *Protozoa…
Some can move by cytoplasmic streaming using pseudopodia, lik…
They are not monophyletic
Endosymbiosis- A symbiotic relationship in which the smaller…
Describe how protists can be distingui…
Ecological Role:... *Algae- Generally photoautotrophic... *Protozoa…
List the three main means of locomotio…
Some can move by cytoplasmic streaming using pseudopodia, lik…
17 terms
NW Biology Chapter 11 Study Guide
Prophase I
Metaphase I
Anaphase I
Telophase I
tetrads of homologous chromosomes form (pop up) + crossing over
tetrads move to equator (middle)
homologous pairs of chromosomes pull (apart)
chromosomes are (together) at poles; cytokinesis occurs
Prophase I
tetrads of homologous chromosomes form (pop up) + crossing over
Metaphase I
tetrads move to equator (middle)
58 terms
Biology Unit Study Guide
Cell
Prokaryotic
Organelle
Eukaryotic cell
Basic unit of life
An organism whose cells do not have an enclosed nucleus, such…
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
Cell
Basic unit of life
Prokaryotic
An organism whose cells do not have an enclosed nucleus, such…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 27 study guide
Describe and compare the basic feature…
Give examples of bacterial diversity,…
Explain classification methods for pro…
Explain some of the ways in which the…
Archea and Bacteria are prokaryotes, they contain no nuclues…
shapes- coccus, bacillus, spiral(vibrio, spiral, spirochaetes…
-photosynthetic or non-photosynthetic... -motile or nonmotile... -u…
From the last universal common ancestor, first prokaryotes an…
Describe and compare the basic feature…
Archea and Bacteria are prokaryotes, they contain no nuclues…
Give examples of bacterial diversity,…
shapes- coccus, bacillus, spiral(vibrio, spiral, spirochaetes…
27 terms
Biology Study Guide
Evolution
Natural Selection
Example of Natural Selection
Convergent Evolution
Theory based on observations
Individuals that have physical or behavioral traits that suit…
Trait of camouflage that is in the genes of the organism bein…
2 unsimilar species becoming more similar based on environment.
Evolution
Theory based on observations
Natural Selection
Individuals that have physical or behavioral traits that suit…
36 terms
Biology chapter 23 Study Guide
biological evolution
natural selection
adaptation
anatomical homology
...
...
...
A type of supportive evidence for evolution has been obtained…
biological evolution
...
natural selection
...
26 terms
Biology Study Guide
Endocytosis
Proteins
Enzyme
Lipid
the action of the cell membrane surrounding outside materials…
a polymer composed of amino acids and monomers
a specialized protein that catalyzes biological reactions
a molecule that is insoluble in water; includes fats, phospho…
Endocytosis
the action of the cell membrane surrounding outside materials…
Proteins
a polymer composed of amino acids and monomers
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