Study sets matching "biology functions"

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Study sets matching "biology functions"

16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
Biology: Organ Systems Functions
Circulatory System
Digestive System
Endocrine System
Excretory System
Carries nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food, removes wastes, mai…
Controls body temperature, metabolism, development, and repro…
Removes wastes from blood; regulates concentration of body fl…
Circulatory System
Carries nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Digestive System
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food, removes wastes, mai…
Biology Functions
Hydroxyl Group
Carbonyl Group
Carboxyl Group
Amino Group
-OH , Alcohols, Is polar, can form hydrogen bonds with H2O he…
(⁻₋C⇌O) Ketones & Aldehydes, can be structural isomers with d…
Carboxylic Acids or organic acids, acts as an acid can donate…
Amines, Acts as a base, can pick up an H+ from surrounding so…
Hydroxyl Group
-OH , Alcohols, Is polar, can form hydrogen bonds with H2O he…
Carbonyl Group
(⁻₋C⇌O) Ketones & Aldehydes, can be structural isomers with d…
16 terms
Biology Functions
Cell Membranes
Cytoskeleton: Micro-tubules and Filame…
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes
controls movement of materials in and our of the cell
The network of tiny rods and tubes that forms a framework for…
the "Jelly-Like" material that fills the space in the cell
the site of protein synthesis, creates a protein from RNA
Cell Membranes
controls movement of materials in and our of the cell
Cytoskeleton: Micro-tubules and Filame…
The network of tiny rods and tubes that forms a framework for…
biology functions
Cell membrane
Centrioles
Mitochondria
Lysosomes
Controls what enters and exits the cell
May be involved in organizing the microtubules during cell di…
Converts the energy stored in glucose into ATP
Contains digestive enzymes used to break down and digest vari…
Cell membrane
Controls what enters and exits the cell
Centrioles
May be involved in organizing the microtubules during cell di…
Biology functions
Cell wall
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Protects the cell maintains the cells shape prevents the cell…
Forms a boundary around the cell so to maintain something com…
Fluid inside the cell
Contains most of the cells genetic material
Cell wall
Protects the cell maintains the cells shape prevents the cell…
Cell membrane
Forms a boundary around the cell so to maintain something com…
63 terms
Functions: BIOLOGY
Made mainly of water; supports organel…
Packages and secretes cell products; p…
Regulates movement of substances in an…
The main "goal" of organelles is to ma…
Cytoplasm
Golgi Body
Cell Membrane
Proteins
Made mainly of water; supports organel…
Cytoplasm
Packages and secretes cell products; p…
Golgi Body
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
14 terms
Mastering Biology: Cell Functions
Cilia
Nucleus
Golgi Apparatus
All Cells Have
hair-like strings, made of microtubules that can be found anc…
contains the DNA of a eukaryotic cell
A system of membranes that modifies and packages proteins for…
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, DNA
Cilia
hair-like strings, made of microtubules that can be found anc…
Nucleus
contains the DNA of a eukaryotic cell
15 terms
Biology Functions
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Endoplasmic Retculum
Golgi apparatus
Control Center, stores hereditary information
Area of active DNA use
Internal transport system
Storage and packing materials
Nucleus
Control Center, stores hereditary information
Nucleolus
Area of active DNA use
biology functions
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Chromosomes and chromatin
Nucleolus
controls the movement of materials in and out of the cell. ... (…
double membrane structure that houses the genetic material. (…
The master copy of all genetic material; that codes for all p…
The structure that creates ribosomes
Cell Membrane
controls the movement of materials in and out of the cell. ... (…
Nucleus
double membrane structure that houses the genetic material. (…
Biology functions
Cytoskeleton/plasm
Nucleus
Nuclear membrane
Chromosomes/ DNA
Contains all of the organells and cells
Controls the eukaryotic cell/genetics
Enclosed the nucleus
Long term storage of information
Cytoskeleton/plasm
Contains all of the organells and cells
Nucleus
Controls the eukaryotic cell/genetics
21 terms
Cell Structures and Their Functions - Biology
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Non-living layer that surrounds some cells such as plant, bac…
A bi-lipid layer that surrounds all cells and controls what e…
The fluid like substance found within cells
Found in Eukaryotic cells and contains DNA - controls functio…
Cell Wall
Non-living layer that surrounds some cells such as plant, bac…
Cell Membrane
A bi-lipid layer that surrounds all cells and controls what e…
Biology Functions
Hydroxyl
Carbonyl
Carboxyl
Amine
-OH and makes alcohol
C=O and makes ketone and aldehyde
C=O-OH and makes carboxylic acid
NH2 and makes amino
Hydroxyl
-OH and makes alcohol
Carbonyl
C=O and makes ketone and aldehyde
49 terms
biology functions
auricle
nictitating membrane
external nares
mammary papilla
ear
3rd translucent eyelid
nose
uters
auricle
ear
nictitating membrane
3rd translucent eyelid
Biology Functions
Regulates what enters and leaves the c…
Allows things to enter and leave nucleus
Directs cellular activity
Produces Ribosomes
Plasma Membrane
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Regulates what enters and leaves the c…
Plasma Membrane
Allows things to enter and leave nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
10 terms
Biology functions
Chloroplasts
Mitochondria
Plasma membrane
Cytoskeleton
Site of photosyntheis
Site of cellular respiration, makes ATP
Regulates chemical in & out of cell
Structural framework for cell
Chloroplasts
Site of photosyntheis
Mitochondria
Site of cellular respiration, makes ATP
Biology Functions
Ribosomes
Centrioles
Endoplasmic reticulum
Rough ER
Produce proteins by following instructions from DNA
Organizes cell division
Assembles proteins and lipids
Produce large amounts of protein
Ribosomes
Produce proteins by following instructions from DNA
Centrioles
Organizes cell division
biology functions
cell wall
centrioles
chloroplast
cilia
an inflexible barrier that provides support and protects the…
organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
a double-membrane organelle with thylakoids containing chloro…
projections from cell surfaces that aid in locomotion and fee…
cell wall
an inflexible barrier that provides support and protects the…
centrioles
organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
20 terms
Biology functions
The function for the Golgi Apparatus
The function for rough ER
An example of an organelle
The function for lysosomes
Modifies, snorts and package molecules the cell makes for tra…
Modify and transport proteins made on its ribosomes
Mitochondria, Golgi, ER, vacuole, lysome, chloroplast, etc
Sac of digestive enzymes to break down food or unwanted cells…
The function for the Golgi Apparatus
Modifies, snorts and package molecules the cell makes for tra…
The function for rough ER
Modify and transport proteins made on its ribosomes
15 terms
biology functions
cell membrane
nucleus
nuclear membrane
chromosome
double doors and protects what goes in and out
office and controls activity with DNA
outer walls of office and controls what goes in the nucleus
stacked paper and storage for DNA
cell membrane
double doors and protects what goes in and out
nucleus
office and controls activity with DNA
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
7 terms
Biology functions
Hypothalamus
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Thymus
Makes hormones that stimulates the pituitary gland to release…
Makes and releases hormones that control cell growth as well…
Its hormones regulate metabolism, growth, and development
It makes hormones that cause white blood cels to make to matu…
Hypothalamus
Makes hormones that stimulates the pituitary gland to release…
Pituitary gland
Makes and releases hormones that control cell growth as well…
19 terms
Biology Functions
Cell Wall
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Supports and protects the cell
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell
Cell contents outside nucleus and inside plasma ... membrane
Fluid matrix outside organelles
Cell Wall
Supports and protects the cell
Plasma Membrane
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell
Biology functions
Epidermis
Veins
Guard cells
Stomata
Single protective layer of cells along top /bottom of leaf
Spongy layer of cells forming a tube which transports needed…
Controls stomata opening and closing
Opening a long lower epidermis that allows gas exchange
Epidermis
Single protective layer of cells along top /bottom of leaf
Veins
Spongy layer of cells forming a tube which transports needed…
10 terms
Life Functions Biology
nutrition
transport
respiration
regulation
Obtaining food/breaking it down
Absorption and circulation of materials within an organism
Changing food into energy useable by cells. (ATP)
Coordinating/control life processes to maintain balanced inte…
nutrition
Obtaining food/breaking it down
transport
Absorption and circulation of materials within an organism
12 terms
Biology functions
Nucleus
Mitochondria
chloroplast
membrane
control center contains dna
energy
photosynthsis
controls what goes in and out
Nucleus
control center contains dna
Mitochondria
energy
11 terms
Biology:Major Organ Systems Functions
Circulatory System
Digestive System
Endocrine System
Excretory System
Transports nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food, removes wastes, mai…
Regulates body temperature, metabolism, development, and repr…
Removes wastes from blood; regulates concentration of body fl…
Circulatory System
Transports nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Digestive System
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food, removes wastes, mai…
20 terms
Biology Functions
Found in plant cells used to store lar…
Organize the microtubules during cell…
Jelly-like material found in the nucleus
Direct protein synthesis
Central vacuole
Centrioles
Nucleoplasm
Ribosomes
Found in plant cells used to store lar…
Central vacuole
Organize the microtubules during cell…
Centrioles
24 terms
Biology Functions
Cell Membrane
cytoplasm
ribosomes
rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
1. regulates what enters and leaves the cell ... 2. provides sup…
jelly like substance in plants
-protein factories ... -they make proteins following the DNA cod…
-makes protein polypeptide chains then put them into a membra…
Cell Membrane
1. regulates what enters and leaves the cell ... 2. provides sup…
cytoplasm
jelly like substance in plants
Biology functions
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Cytoplasm
Mitochondrion
Separates rhe cell from its enviorment controls movement of s…
Protects and supports cell ... Plants have them animals dont
Cytoplasm has no function
Transforms energy stored in glucose to useable cellular energy
Cell membrane
Separates rhe cell from its enviorment controls movement of s…
Cell wall
Protects and supports cell ... Plants have them animals dont
Biology Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Composition: mostly lipids... Function: boundary between in and…
Composition: carbohydrates... Function: Provides structure and p…
Composition: mostly water, some proteins... Function: contains c…
Composition: double membrane... Function: stores genetic material
Cell Membrane
Composition: mostly lipids... Function: boundary between in and…
Cell Wall
Composition: carbohydrates... Function: Provides structure and p…
19 terms
Biology Functions
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Nucleolus
Chloroplasts
house of chromosomes, the boss
control cell activity
builds liposomal subunits
makes food (sugar), sunlight energy, water and carbon dioxide
Nucleus
house of chromosomes, the boss
Chromosomes
control cell activity
Biology functions
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Plasmodesma
Vacuole
Phospholipid Bilayer that regulates cell transport, involved…
Plant, fungal, and bacteria have a cell wall that is used for…
Small pores in the cell wall which appears to allow a bridge…
Site of storage of glucose, water, salt, and toxic substances…
Cell membrane
Phospholipid Bilayer that regulates cell transport, involved…
Cell wall
Plant, fungal, and bacteria have a cell wall that is used for…
10 terms
biology functions
cell membrane
cell wall
nucleus
nucleolus
controls what comes in and out
provide structure and support
control the center of the cell, location of DNA
make ribosomes
cell membrane
controls what comes in and out
cell wall
provide structure and support
biology functions
nucleolus
nucleus
ser
rer
site of ribosome synthesis
control center stores information
makes fats and detoxifies
makes proteins to export [has attached ribosomes]
nucleolus
site of ribosome synthesis
nucleus
control center stores information
13 terms
Biology: Functions
Centriole
Chloroplast
Chromosomes
ER
made of microtubles used by animal cells during cell divison
performs photosynthesis makes food for the cell
found in the nucleus made of DNA humans have 46/cell
canal system of the cell
Centriole
made of microtubles used by animal cells during cell divison
Chloroplast
performs photosynthesis makes food for the cell
8 terms
Biology Functions
ovary (2)
testes (2)
urethra (7)
sperm duct (5)
produce eggs
produce sperm
carry the sperm out of the body
carry sperm from the testes
ovary (2)
produce eggs
testes (2)
produce sperm
24 terms
Biology Functions
Liver in Digestive
Esophagus in Digestive
Stomach in Digestive
Small Intestine in Digestive
Secretes Bile and Filters Blood
Brings food to stomach
Chemical and Mechanical Digestion
Digests food and absorbs nutrients into the blood
Liver in Digestive
Secretes Bile and Filters Blood
Esophagus in Digestive
Brings food to stomach
17 terms
Biology - parts and functions of the cell
selective permeability
phospholipid bilayer
transport protein
fluid mosaic model
ability to control movement of substances through the membrane
membrane layers composed of phosphlipids
protein that moves substances or wastes through the plasma me…
plasma membrane with components constantly in motion
selective permeability
ability to control movement of substances through the membrane
phospholipid bilayer
membrane layers composed of phosphlipids
Biology - Functions
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Centrioles
Nucleus
produces energy through cell breathing
create proteins
cell division and reproduction
store informations like DNA
Mitochondria
produces energy through cell breathing
Ribosomes
create proteins
Biology functions
Esophagus
Liver
Liver
Rugae
Food tube
Produces bile.
Stores glycogen and transforms toxic chemicals into less harm…
Allow for the expansion of the stomach during food consumption.
Esophagus
Food tube
Liver
Produces bile.
Biology Cell organalles and functions
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Nuclear Membrane
Ribosomes
The brain, Directs the cells activities
Synthesis Ribosomes, Contains RNA
Protects the Nucleus
Found on ER (rough), Makes Proteins
Nucleus
The brain, Directs the cells activities
Nucleolus
Synthesis Ribosomes, Contains RNA
13 terms
Biology Organelle Functions
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Separates the cell from it's external environment, and is sel…
Organelles are found here and substances like salts may be di…
The control center of the cell, for cell metabolism and repro…
It is the transport system of the cell. They carry materials…
Cell Membrane
Separates the cell from it's external environment, and is sel…
Cytoplasm
Organelles are found here and substances like salts may be di…
20 terms
Life Functions - Biology 8
Nutrition
Autotrophic
Heterotrophic
Transport
Get materials from environment, modify and use for energy, gr…
a type of nutrition, self-feeders (ex. plants)
a type of nutrition, other feeders (ex. humans/animals)
movement of materials within an organism
Nutrition
Get materials from environment, modify and use for energy, gr…
Autotrophic
a type of nutrition, self-feeders (ex. plants)
Biology Functions
centrioles
cell membrane
peroxisome
mitochondria
organize cell division
holds the cell together, supports, and decides what comes in…
breakdown unnecessary molecules
carry out cellular respiration, produce ATP
centrioles
organize cell division
cell membrane
holds the cell together, supports, and decides what comes in…
14 terms
Biology Cell Functions
Nucleus
Chromosomes (not an organelle)
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
a rounded structure containing chromosomes, or the genetic ma…
a threadlike structure carrying genetic informations
semipermeable membrane in all cells surrounding the cytoplasm…
a rigid layer lying outside the plasma membrane of the cells…
Nucleus
a rounded structure containing chromosomes, or the genetic ma…
Chromosomes (not an organelle)
a threadlike structure carrying genetic informations
Biology Functions
Vacole
Nucleus
Chloroplasts
Ribosomes
Stores water, metabolic waste
Central control of body , contains cell DNA
Uses light energy to make carbs and water for photosynthesis
Builds proteins
Vacole
Stores water, metabolic waste
Nucleus
Central control of body , contains cell DNA
Biology functions
Nucleus
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Chloroplast
Controls the cell ( plant + animal )
Controls what goes in and out of the cell ( all )
Gives it structure ( plant )
Conducts photosynthesis ( plant )
Nucleus
Controls the cell ( plant + animal )
Cell membrane
Controls what goes in and out of the cell ( all )
Biology functions
Cell membrane function
Centrosome
Cytoskeleton
Endoplasmic reticulum
The cell membrane is selectively permeable to ions and organi…
Centrosomes are organelles responsible for the organization a…
A networl or long protein strands in the cytosol Helps mainta…
creates and folds proteins and then carries these synthesized…
Cell membrane function
The cell membrane is selectively permeable to ions and organi…
Centrosome
Centrosomes are organelles responsible for the organization a…
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