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Study sets matching "biology g ecology conservation"

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Study sets matching "biology g ecology conservation"

101 terms
IB Biology (Option G - Ecology and Conservation)
Abiotic Factors
Biotic Factors
Abiotic factors that affect distributi…
Biotic factors that affect distributio…
Caused by non-living organisms
Caused by living organisms
Temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity and mineral nutr…
Competition, herbivory (consumers eating them), predators, pa…
Abiotic Factors
Caused by non-living organisms
Biotic Factors
Caused by living organisms
99 terms
IB Biology (Option G - Ecology and Conservation)
Abiotic Factors
Biotic Factors
Abiotic factors that affect distributi…
Biotic factors that affect distributio…
Caused by non-living organisms
Caused by living organisms
Temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity and mineral nutr…
Competition, herbivory (consumers eating them), predators, pa…
Abiotic Factors
Caused by non-living organisms
Biotic Factors
Caused by living organisms
104 terms
IB Biology (Option G - Ecology and Conservation)
Abiotic Factors
Biotic Factors
Abiotic factors that affect distributi…
Biotic factors that affect distributio…
Caused by non-living organisms
Caused by living organisms
Temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity and mineral nutr…
Competition, herbivory (consumers eating plants), predators,…
Abiotic Factors
Caused by non-living organisms
Biotic Factors
Caused by living organisms
104 terms
IB Biology (Option G - Ecology and Conservation)
Abiotic Factors
Biotic Factors
Abiotic factors that affect distributi…
Biotic factors that affect distributio…
Caused by non-living organisms
Caused by living organisms
Temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity and mineral nutr…
Competition, herbivory (consumers eating plants), predators,…
Abiotic Factors
Caused by non-living organisms
Biotic Factors
Caused by living organisms
104 terms
IB Biology (Option G - Ecology and Conservation)
Abiotic Factors
Biotic Factors
Abiotic factors that affect distributi…
Biotic factors that affect distributio…
Caused by non-living organisms
Caused by living organisms
Temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity and mineral nutr…
Competition, herbivory (consumers eating plants), predators,…
Abiotic Factors
Caused by non-living organisms
Biotic Factors
Caused by living organisms
44 terms
IB HL Biology - Option G (Ecology & Conservation)
G.1.1 Outline the factors that affect…
G.1.2 Explain the factors that affect…
G.1.3 Describe one method of random sa…
G.1.4 Outline the use of a transect to…
TEMPERATURE: Determines rate at which biochemical reactions c…
TEMPERATURE: Ectotherms (cold blooded) rely on external tempe…
To determine an idea of the number of organisms in ecosystem…
LINE TRANSECTS: use to estimate species distance over a set d…
G.1.1 Outline the factors that affect…
TEMPERATURE: Determines rate at which biochemical reactions c…
G.1.2 Explain the factors that affect…
TEMPERATURE: Ectotherms (cold blooded) rely on external tempe…
104 terms
IB Biology (Option G - Ecology and Conservation)
Abiotic Factors
Biotic Factors
Abiotic factors that affect distributi…
Biotic factors that affect distributio…
Caused by non-living organisms
Caused by living organisms
Temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity and mineral nutr…
Competition, herbivory (consumers eating plants), predators,…
Abiotic Factors
Caused by non-living organisms
Biotic Factors
Caused by living organisms
84 terms
IB Biology Option G: Ecology and Conservation
factors influencing distribution of pl…
temperature influencing distribution o…
water influencing distribution of plan…
light influencing distribution of plan…
temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity, mineral nutrien…
most plants have a preferred temp. range with an optimal temp…
water availability is a major factor in determining the abund…
plants are photoautotrophs, so they need light as their energ…
factors influencing distribution of pl…
temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity, mineral nutrien…
temperature influencing distribution o…
most plants have a preferred temp. range with an optimal temp…
102 terms
IB Biology (Option G - Ecology and Conservation)
Abiotic Factors
Biotic Factors
Abiotic factors that affect distributi…
Biotic factors that affect distributio…
non-living conditions which can influence where plants or ani…
any living component that affects another organism
Ph... Light intensity... Availability of water... Nutrients (mineral)…
Competition, herbivory (consumers eating them), predators, pa…
Abiotic Factors
non-living conditions which can influence where plants or ani…
Biotic Factors
any living component that affects another organism
101 terms
IB Biology (Option G - Ecology and Conservation)
Abiotic Factors
Biotic Factors
Abiotic factors that affect distributi…
Biotic factors that affect distributio…
Caused by non-living organisms
Caused by living organisms
Temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity and mineral nutr…
Competition, herbivory (consumers eating them), predators, pa…
Abiotic Factors
Caused by non-living organisms
Biotic Factors
Caused by living organisms
101 terms
IB Biology (Option G - Ecology and Conservation)
Abiotic Factors
Biotic Factors
Abiotic factors that affect distributi…
Biotic factors that affect distributio…
Caused by non-living organisms
Caused by living organisms
Temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity and mineral nutr…
Competition, herbivory (consumers eating them), predators, pa…
Abiotic Factors
Caused by non-living organisms
Biotic Factors
Caused by living organisms
102 terms
IB Biology (Option G - Ecology and Conservation)
Abiotic Factors
Biotic Factors
Abiotic factors that affect distributi…
Biotic factors that affect distributio…
non-living conditions which can influence where plants or ani…
any living component that affects another organism
Ph... Light intensity... Availability of water... Nutrients (mineral)…
Competition, herbivory (consumers eating them), predators, pa…
Abiotic Factors
non-living conditions which can influence where plants or ani…
Biotic Factors
any living component that affects another organism
28 terms
IB Biology Option G: Ecology and Conservation
What are the factors that affect the d…
What are the factors that affect the d…
What is a quadrat?
What is a transect?
temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity and mineral nutr…
temperature, water, breeding sites, food supply and territory
is a rectangular or circular frame of known area that is used…
is a path along which the distribution of a plant or animal s…
What are the factors that affect the d…
temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity and mineral nutr…
What are the factors that affect the d…
temperature, water, breeding sites, food supply and territory
46 terms
IB Biology Option G: Ecology and Conservation
Random sampling
Quadrat
Lincoln Index
Transect
Part of a population, representative of an area or another wh…
Large square that is divided into smaller squares and is invo…
Used to estimate the size of closed population, random sample…
Line where specified organisms are counted that are either to…
Random sampling
Part of a population, representative of an area or another wh…
Quadrat
Large square that is divided into smaller squares and is invo…
44 terms
Option G Ecology and Conservation HL Biology
G.1.1 Outline the factors that affect…
G.1.2 Explain the factors that affect…
G.1.3 Describe one method of random sa…
G.1.4 Outline the use of a transect to…
Temperature: determines rate of biochemical reactions (most e…
Temperature: govern both the rate of metabolism and growth (a…
...
...
G.1.1 Outline the factors that affect…
Temperature: determines rate of biochemical reactions (most e…
G.1.2 Explain the factors that affect…
Temperature: govern both the rate of metabolism and growth (a…
45 terms
Option G: Ecology & Conservation
Outline the factors that affect the di…
Explain the factors that affect the di…
Describe one method of random sampling…
Outline the use of a transect to corre…
Temperature... Soil pH... Light... Water... Salinity... Mineral Nutrients
Temperature:... - Temperature must be within a viable range (bas…
1. Mark out a map of the habitat with gridlines... 2. Select coo…
- When there is a gradient in an abiotic factor (e.g. salinit…
Outline the factors that affect the di…
Temperature... Soil pH... Light... Water... Salinity... Mineral Nutrients
Explain the factors that affect the di…
Temperature:... - Temperature must be within a viable range (bas…
44 terms
IB Biology HL: Option G (Ecology and Conservation)
G.1.1 Outline the factors that affect…
G.1.2 Explain the factors that affect…
G.1.3 Describe one method of random sa…
G.1.4 Outline the use of a transect to…
The distribution of a species is the range of places that it…
The distribution of animal species is affected by both abioti…
A sample is a part of a population, part of an area or some o…
An alternative to random sampling is to investigate plant or…
G.1.1 Outline the factors that affect…
The distribution of a species is the range of places that it…
G.1.2 Explain the factors that affect…
The distribution of animal species is affected by both abioti…
32 terms
IB Biology - Option G (Ecology and Conservation)
Which six factors affect the distribut…
Which five factors affect the distribu…
What is one method of random sampling,…
What is one method of transect use to…
Temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity, and mineral nut…
Temperature, water, breeding sites, food supply, and territory.
An quadrat of a known area is thrown randomly in each area an…
Line transects are used when an abiotic factor shows a gradat…
Which six factors affect the distribut…
Temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity, and mineral nut…
Which five factors affect the distribu…
Temperature, water, breeding sites, food supply, and territory.
93 terms
G Ecology and Conservation
factors that affect distribution of pl…
factors that affect distribution of pl…
factors that affect distribution of pl…
factors that affect distribution of pl…
- temperature... - water... - light... - soil pH... - salinity... - mineral…
- determine rate of chemical reactions... - affects *enzyme acti…
- needed for photosynthesis and respiration... - needed to mai…
- high salinity increases water loss from plant via osmosis
factors that affect distribution of pl…
- temperature... - water... - light... - soil pH... - salinity... - mineral…
factors that affect distribution of pl…
- determine rate of chemical reactions... - affects *enzyme acti…
Option G: Ecology and Conservation
G.1.1 Outline the factors that affect…
G.1.2 Explain the factors that affect…
G.1.3 Describe one method of random sa…
G.1.4 Outline the use of a transect to…
Temperature; determines rate of biochemical reactions (enzyme…
Temperature; external temperatures affect all animals, especi…
A sample is a part of a population, part of an area or some o…
Investigation of a plant or animal distribution marked out ac…
G.1.1 Outline the factors that affect…
Temperature; determines rate of biochemical reactions (enzyme…
G.1.2 Explain the factors that affect…
Temperature; external temperatures affect all animals, especi…
55 terms
Option G (Conservation and Ecology)
Temperature (plant distr.)
Water (plant distr.)
Light (plant distr.)
Salinity (plant distr.)
Determines evaporation rate... Plants survive in environments th…
plant growth, prevents wilting, xerophytes in deserts
photosynthesis, plants that need light found in early success…
high salinity increases water loss, plants cannot survive in…
Temperature (plant distr.)
Determines evaporation rate... Plants survive in environments th…
Water (plant distr.)
plant growth, prevents wilting, xerophytes in deserts
32 terms
Option G, Ecology and conservation
G.1.1 Outline the factors that affect…
G.1.2 Explain the factors that affect…
G.1.3 Describe one method of random sa…
G.1.4 Outline the use of a transect to…
Temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity and mineral nutr…
Temperature, water, breeding sites, food supply and territory…
1. Decide where the random sampling should be taken place... 2.…
1. At right angles to the sea, lay a tape in a line all the w…
G.1.1 Outline the factors that affect…
Temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity and mineral nutr…
G.1.2 Explain the factors that affect…
Temperature, water, breeding sites, food supply and territory…
10 terms
Option G: Ecology and Conservation
factors affecting distribution of anim…
temperature
water
breeding sites
-temperature... -water... -breeding sites... -food supply... -territory
-Temperature must be within a viable range (based on adaptati…
-Water must be available in species-specific quantities (larg…
-Breeding sites are required for the maintenance of the speci…
factors affecting distribution of anim…
-temperature... -water... -breeding sites... -food supply... -territory
temperature
-Temperature must be within a viable range (based on adaptati…
13 terms
Option G - Ecology & Conservation
Ecological Niche
Competition
Herbivory
Predation
specific role of an organism in ecosystem + precise condition…
interaction between two organisms striving for the same resou…
primary consumer feeding on producer... ex - rabbits + marram g…
consumer feeding on another consumer
Ecological Niche
specific role of an organism in ecosystem + precise condition…
Competition
interaction between two organisms striving for the same resou…
41 terms
Option G: Ecology and Conservation
Indicator Species
Air Quality Indicator
Water Quality Indicator : Macroinverte…
Understanding 1
- an organism used to assess a specific environment... - whose p…
*Lichens are very sensitive to air pollution ... --> as a result…
- Aiderfly larvae & damselfly larvae are very sensitive to wa…
Relative numbers of indicator species can be used to calculat…
Indicator Species
- an organism used to assess a specific environment... - whose p…
Air Quality Indicator
*Lichens are very sensitive to air pollution ... --> as a result…
40 terms
13/G Ecology and conservation
G1 What factors can affect the distrib…
G1 What factors affect the distributio…
G1 What is one method of random sampli…
G1 Explain and give two examples of pa…
Temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity and mineral nutr…
Temperature, water, breeding sites, food supply, territory
Divide the area into quadrants of equal size.
One organism uses another as a host, harming the host. Leeche…
G1 What factors can affect the distrib…
Temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity and mineral nutr…
G1 What factors affect the distributio…
Temperature, water, breeding sites, food supply, territory
59 terms
Option G Ecology and conservation
community
factors affecting the distribution of…
temperature (plants)
water (plants)
geographical area in occupies or the dominant plant species p…
temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity, mineral nutrients
-determines the rate of biochemical reactions (enzyme activit…
-needed for photosynthesis and respiration(growth)... -needed to…
community
geographical area in occupies or the dominant plant species p…
factors affecting the distribution of…
temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity, mineral nutrients
46 terms
Option G: Ecology and Conservation
Random sampling
Quadrat
Lincoln Index
Transect
Part of a population, representative of an area or another wh…
Large square that is divided into smaller squares and is invo…
Used to estimate the size of closed population, random sample…
Line where specified organisms are counted that are either to…
Random sampling
Part of a population, representative of an area or another wh…
Quadrat
Large square that is divided into smaller squares and is invo…
20 terms
Option G - Ecology & Conservation
Transect
Niche
Herbivory
Predation
Used to estimate species distribution over a set distance and…
The role of a species within its environment, including the p…
Primary consumers feed only on plant materials
Consumers kill and eat other consumers
Transect
Used to estimate species distribution over a set distance and…
Niche
The role of a species within its environment, including the p…
18 terms
Option G: Ecology and Conservation
Define primary succession and give an…
Define secondary succession and give a…
Outline the changes in species diversi…
Explain the effects of living organism…
The development of plant and animal life in an area without t…
Ecological succession that occurs in habitats where the previ…
In primary succession there are no species to start out with,…
Soil development: Dead organisms and detritus fertilizes the…
Define primary succession and give an…
The development of plant and animal life in an area without t…
Define secondary succession and give a…
Ecological succession that occurs in habitats where the previ…
42 terms
Ecology and conservation biology
Levels of ecological organization
Population
Community
Ecosystem
Species→populations→communities→ecosystems+biome→biosphere
All members of one species living in a particular area
All different plants and animals (any living things) living i…
Involves the interactions between biotic and abiotic factors…
Levels of ecological organization
Species→populations→communities→ecosystems+biome→biosphere
Population
All members of one species living in a particular area
20 terms
G2 Ecology and Conservation
Gross production
Net production
Biomass
Calculate values for gross production…
amount of biomass produced by plants
amount of biomass produced by plants minus what is needed for…
total dry organic matter of living organisms/ecosystem
NP=GP-R... GP=NP+R
Gross production
amount of biomass produced by plants
Net production
amount of biomass produced by plants minus what is needed for…
19 terms
Ecology and Conservation (G.1)
Community
Biosphere
Biodiversity
Strategies for survival
A group of populations living together and interacting with e…
All regions of the earth where there are living organisms: su…
1.Is important for organisms to survive after disasters... 2.Mea…
1.R strategy: Producing large numbers of organisms and the fi…
Community
A group of populations living together and interacting with e…
Biosphere
All regions of the earth where there are living organisms: su…
11 terms
Ecosystem ecology and Conservation Biology
Energy flow
-Food chain/web
Keystone Species
Energy transfer and loss
-Food chain/web... -Living... -Detritus (showed in this image)... -Key…
-living... 1st trophic level: photosynthesis ... 2nd trophic level:…
A species that is critical to the functioning of the ecosyste…
1. high production efficiency ... most: poop and pee 1000 to 18…
Energy flow
-Food chain/web... -Living... -Detritus (showed in this image)... -Key…
-Food chain/web
-living... 1st trophic level: photosynthesis ... 2nd trophic level:…
63 terms
IB Biology Option G Ecology & Conservation Vocabulary & Concepts
Abiotic
Accidental release
Aesthetic
Alien species
A nonliving thing, as an animal or plant, that influences or…
Sometimes the alien invasive species escapes from where it is…
Aesthetic means related to the way things look. A reason to p…
A non-native species that lives outside of the area or region…
Abiotic
A nonliving thing, as an animal or plant, that influences or…
Accidental release
Sometimes the alien invasive species escapes from where it is…
13 terms
Biology terms ecology and conservation
Producer
Omnivore
Ecosystem
Carnivores
An organism at the first stage of the food chain
Eats both plants and animals
A community of plants and animals and the physical environmen…
Organisms that feed on other organisms
Producer
An organism at the first stage of the food chain
Omnivore
Eats both plants and animals
116 terms
Conservation Biology (and Ecology)
Population Viability Analysis (PVA)
sensitivity analysis
metapopulation
fugitive species
1. construct "deterministic" model (shows mortality, recruitm…
determines which parameters affect what... EX: small change juve…
group that is spatially separated but the populations interac…
poor competitor in ephemeral habitat; no one location is suit…
Population Viability Analysis (PVA)
1. construct "deterministic" model (shows mortality, recruitm…
sensitivity analysis
determines which parameters affect what... EX: small change juve…
48 terms
55: conservation biology and restoration ecology
main processes of an ecosystem
first law of thermodynamics
second law of thermodynamics
law of conservation of mass
energy flow... chemical cycle
energy cannot be created or destroyed; only transformed... -ent…
every exchange of energy increases the entropy of the universe
matter cannot be created nor destroyed... why chemicals cycle*
main processes of an ecosystem
energy flow... chemical cycle
first law of thermodynamics
energy cannot be created or destroyed; only transformed... -ent…
36 terms
IB Option G (Ecology and Conservation)
Factors that affect the distribution o…
Factors that affect the distribution o…
Quadrat
Calculating Population Size
Temperature; Light; Water; Soil pH; Salinity; Mineral nutrien…
Temperature; Water; Breeding site; Food supply; Territory
Framing around square sample areas
(Mean number per quadrat X total area)/(area of each quadrat)
Factors that affect the distribution o…
Temperature; Light; Water; Soil pH; Salinity; Mineral nutrien…
Factors that affect the distribution o…
Temperature; Water; Breeding site; Food supply; Territory
40 terms
Bio Option G - Ecology and conservation (IB)
distribution of a species
abiotic factors
random sample
sample (random sampling)
the range of places that it inhabits... - closely linked to the…
temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity, mineral nutrients
every individual in a population has an equal chance of being…
a part of a population, part of an area or some other whole t…
distribution of a species
the range of places that it inhabits... - closely linked to the…
abiotic factors
temperature, water, light, soil pH, salinity, mineral nutrients
22 terms
conservation biology and restoration ecology
the three levels of biodiversity
biodiversity and human welfare
four major threats to biodiversity
small-population Approach
biodiversity consists of the varied ecosystems in the biosphe…
Our biophilia enables us to recognize the value of biodiversi…
The four major threats to biodiversity are habitat destructio…
when a population drops below a minimum viable population siz…
the three levels of biodiversity
biodiversity consists of the varied ecosystems in the biosphe…
biodiversity and human welfare
Our biophilia enables us to recognize the value of biodiversi…
36 terms
Conservation Biology and Ecology
Terrestrial Biomes
Aquatic Biomes
Organismal ecology
Population ecology
Tropical Rainforest, Savannah, Desert, Temperate Grassland, T…
Lakes, Wetlands, River, Marine Benthic Zone, Oceanic Pelagic,…
Physiology, evolution, behaviour of individual and how these…
What factors influence population size, and why do these chan…
Terrestrial Biomes
Tropical Rainforest, Savannah, Desert, Temperate Grassland, T…
Aquatic Biomes
Lakes, Wetlands, River, Marine Benthic Zone, Oceanic Pelagic,…
20 terms
Ecology and Conservation Biology
Ecology
Organism
Population
Community
How organisms interact with their environment
1 species, 1 individuals
group of 1 species
groups of different species living together
Ecology
How organisms interact with their environment
Organism
1 species, 1 individuals
43 terms
Global Ecology and Conservation Biology
Three levels of Biodiversity
Genetic diversity
Species Diversity
Endangered
Genetic (within and between populations), species (variety of…
-within and between populations... -the variation on which natur…
-public and policy (historically) focus... -endangered... -threatened
in danger of extinction throughout all or significant portion…
Three levels of Biodiversity
Genetic (within and between populations), species (variety of…
Genetic diversity
-within and between populations... -the variation on which natur…
global ecology and conservation biology
conservation biology
habitat loss, introduced species, over…
habitat loss
introduced species
goal-oriented science that seeks to counter the biodiversity…
four major threats to biodiversity
human alteration of habitat is the single greatest threat to…
invasive/nonnative/exotic species
conservation biology
goal-oriented science that seeks to counter the biodiversity…
habitat loss, introduced species, over…
four major threats to biodiversity
15 terms
Conservation Biology and Biodiversity- Ecology
Three types of biodiversity
Genetic diversity
Species diversity
Ecosystem diversity
genetic diversity, species diversity, ecosystem diversity
differences among individuals in a community
having a variety of species in a community
diversity of structure and function within one ecosystem
Three types of biodiversity
genetic diversity, species diversity, ecosystem diversity
Genetic diversity
differences among individuals in a community
Conservation Biology and Restoration Ecology
the integration of several sciences su…
extinction is a naturally occurring ph…
what are the three levels of biodivers…
dispersal of seeds, nutrient cycling,…
conservation biology
-the greatest period of mass extinction is occurring now... -hum…
genetic, population, and ecosystem
ecosystem services
the integration of several sciences su…
conservation biology
extinction is a naturally occurring ph…
-the greatest period of mass extinction is occurring now... -hum…
32 terms
Global Ecology and Conservation Biology
why aren't we able to determine all th…
why don't we know the total number of…
where is the most concentrated amount…
where do trees store excess CO2 from t…
species are going extinct
there are many unexplored tiny areas within places like tropi…
forests
in their wood
why aren't we able to determine all th…
species are going extinct
why don't we know the total number of…
there are many unexplored tiny areas within places like tropi…
18 terms
Conservation Biology and Restoration Ecology
What is conservation biology?
What is restoration ecology?
What is the glue that holds all ecosys…
What is biodiversity and what are its…
The scientific study of how to maintain and restore habitats…
An intentional activity that initiates or accelerates the rec…
Biodiversity.
Trophic levels.
What is conservation biology?
The scientific study of how to maintain and restore habitats…
What is restoration ecology?
An intentional activity that initiates or accelerates the rec…
121 terms
Biology Final Conservation + Ecology
chemical and physical factors that aff…
organism
population
community
solar energy, temperature, water, nutrients, other aquatic/te…
single being
-group of individuals of a single species in an environment... -…
all of the populations living close enough to interact
chemical and physical factors that aff…
solar energy, temperature, water, nutrients, other aquatic/te…
organism
single being
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