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Study sets matching "biology gacs lclab"

28 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 15- Evolution- Vocabulary
artificial selection
natural selection
evolution
derived trait
breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
occurs when organism with certain variations survive, reprodu…
hereditary changes in groups of living organisms over time
new feature that had not appeared in common ancestors
artificial selection
breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
natural selection
occurs when organism with certain variations survive, reprodu…
28 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 15- Evolution- Vocabulary
artificial selection
natural selection
evolution
derived trait
breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
occurs when organism with certain variations survive, reprodu…
hereditary changes in groups of living organisms over time
new feature that had not appeared in common ancestors
artificial selection
breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce o…
natural selection
occurs when organism with certain variations survive, reprodu…
12 terms
GACS lclab Biology - Chapter 30 - Mammals - Vocabulary
mammary glands
diaphragm
cerebral cortex
cerebullum
secrete milk, a liquid that is rich in fats, sugars, protiens…
is the sheet of muscle located beneath the lungsl separates t…
highly folded outer layer of the cerebrum; that is responsibl…
part of the brain responsible for balance and coordination
mammary glands
secrete milk, a liquid that is rich in fats, sugars, protiens…
diaphragm
is the sheet of muscle located beneath the lungsl separates t…
20 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 15- Evolution- Vocabulary
stabilizing selection
directional selection
disruptive selection
sexual selection
natural selection that favors average individuals in a popula…
natural selection that favors one extreme variations of a trait
individuals with either extreme of a trait's variation are se…
change in the frequency of a trait based on competition for a…
stabilizing selection
natural selection that favors average individuals in a popula…
directional selection
natural selection that favors one extreme variations of a trait
12 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 19- Protists- Vocabulary
protozoan
microsporidium
pellicle
trichocyst
heterotrophic, unicellular, animal-like
microscopic protozoan parasite that infects insects and other…
membrane layer that encloses a paramecium and some other prot…
elongated, cylindrical structure that can discharge a spineli…
protozoan
heterotrophic, unicellular, animal-like
microsporidium
microscopic protozoan parasite that infects insects and other…
21 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 20- Fungi - Vocabulary
chitin
hypha
mycelium
fruiting body
tough, flexible polysaccharide in the exoskeletons of insects…
threadlike filaments that makes up the basic structural unit…
complex, netlike mass made up of branching hyphae
spore-producing fungal reproductive structure
chitin
tough, flexible polysaccharide in the exoskeletons of insects…
hypha
threadlike filaments that makes up the basic structural unit…
40 terms
GACS lclab Biology - Chapter 6- Chemistry in Biology-Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles-nuetro…
center of an atom
positively charged particles
particles that have no charge
atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles-nuetro…
nucleus
center of an atom
29 terms
GACS lclab Biology - Chapter 1 - Biology: The Study of Life - Vocabulary
organism
organization
reproduction
species
anything that possesses all of the characteristics of life
all living things show an orderly structure
not essential for the survival of an individual organ but is…
a group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile…
organism
anything that possesses all of the characteristics of life
organization
all living things show an orderly structure
15 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 16- Primate Evolution- Vocabulary
opposable first digit
binocular vision
diurnal
nocturnal
a digit, either a thumb or a toe, that is set apart from the…
overlapping fields of vision as a result of eyes located on t…
organisms that are active during the day
organisms that are active at night
opposable first digit
a digit, either a thumb or a toe, that is set apart from the…
binocular vision
overlapping fields of vision as a result of eyes located on t…
20 terms
GACS lclab Biology - Chapter 5 - Biodiversity & Conservation-Vocabulary
Extinction
Biodiversity
genetic diversity
species diversity
when the last member of a species dies
the variety of life in an area that is determined by the numb…
the variety of genes or inheritable characteristics that are…
the number of different species and the relative abundance of…
Extinction
when the last member of a species dies
Biodiversity
the variety of life in an area that is determined by the numb…
12 terms
GACS lclab Biology - Chapter 4-Population Ecology - Vocabulary
population density
dispersion
density-independent factor
density-dependent factor
the number of organism per unit area
the pattern of spacing of a population within an clumped grou…
any factor in the environment that does not depend on the num…
any facto in the environment that depends on the numbers in a…
population density
the number of organism per unit area
dispersion
the pattern of spacing of a population within an clumped grou…
19 terms
GACS lclab Biology - Chapter 12 - Molecular Genetics - Vocabulary
double helix
nucleosome
semiconservative replication
DNA polymerase
twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of DNA coil…
method of DNA replication
enzyme that catalyzes synthesis of new DNA molecules
double helix
twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
nucleosome
repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of DNA coil…
24 terms
GACS lclab biology- Chapter 23- Reproduction in Plants - Vocabulary
vegetative reproduction
chemotaxis
protonema
prothallus
asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from parts of a…
movement of a cell or organism in response to a particular ch…
small, threadlike structure produced by mosses that can devel…
heart-shaped, tiny fern gametophyte
vegetative reproduction
asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from parts of a…
chemotaxis
movement of a cell or organism in response to a particular ch…
19 terms
GACS lclab Biology - Chapter 8 - Cellular Energy-Vocabulary
energy
thermodynamics
metabolism
photosynthesis
the ability to do work
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
the name for all of a cell's chemical reactions
the anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is co…
energy
the ability to do work
thermodynamics
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
16 terms
GACS lclab Biology - Chapter 21 - Introduction to Plants - Vocabulary
stomata
vascular tissue
vascular plant
nonvascular plant
openings in the outer cell layer of leaf surfaces and some st…
specialized tissue that transports water, food, and other sub…
type of plant with vascular tissues adapted to land environme…
type of plant that lacks vascular tissues, moves substances s…
stomata
openings in the outer cell layer of leaf surfaces and some st…
vascular tissue
specialized tissue that transports water, food, and other sub…
23 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 13- Genetics and Biotechnology - Vocabulary
selective breeding
inbreeding
test cross
genetic engineering
directed breeding to produce plants an danimals with desired…
a mating between closely related individuals
a cross of an individual of unknown genotype with an individu…
a much faster and more reliable method for increasing the fre…
selective breeding
directed breeding to produce plants an danimals with desired…
inbreeding
a mating between closely related individuals
17 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 14- The History of Life - Vocabulary
fossil
paleontologist
relative dating
law of superposition
preserved evidence of an organism, often found in sedimentary…
scientist who studies fossils
method used to determine the age of rocks by comparing the ro…
states that the oldest layers of rock are found at the bottom…
fossil
preserved evidence of an organism, often found in sedimentary…
paleontologist
scientist who studies fossils
29 terms
GACS lclab Biology - Chapter 1 - Biology: The Study of Life - Vocabulary
organism
organization
reproduction
species
anything that possesses all of the characteristics of life
all living things show an orderly structure
not essential for the survival of an individual organ but is…
a group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile…
organism
anything that possesses all of the characteristics of life
organization
all living things show an orderly structure
20 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 17- Organizing Life's Diversity - Vocabulary
classification
taxonomy
binomial nomenclature
taxon
the grouping of objects or information based on similarities
the branch of biology that groups and names organism based on…
two- word naming system developed to identity species ... first…
named group of organisms, such as phylum, genus, or species
classification
the grouping of objects or information based on similarities
taxonomy
the branch of biology that groups and names organism based on…
13 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 18- Bacteria and Viruses- Vocabulary
bacteria
nucleoid
capsule
pilus
microscopic prokaryotes; most are beneficial to humans and to…
area in a prokaryotic cell that contains a large, circular ch…
polysaccharide layer secreted around the cell wall by some pr…
hairlike, submicroscopic structure made of protein that can h…
bacteria
microscopic prokaryotes; most are beneficial to humans and to…
nucleoid
area in a prokaryotic cell that contains a large, circular ch…
19 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 9- Cellular Reproduction- Vocabulary
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
the process in which cells grow, divide, and reproduce
the stage in which the cell grows, carries out cellular funct…
the stage of the cell cycle during which the cells nucleus an…
the method by which a cells cytoplasm divides
cell cycle
the process in which cells grow, divide, and reproduce
interphase
the stage in which the cell grows, carries out cellular funct…
20 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 34 - Circulatory, Respiratory, and Excretory Systems - Vocabulary
artery
capillary
vein
valve
large thick-walled muscular, elastic vessels that carry oxyge…
microscopic blood vessels with walls that are only one cell t…
the large blood vessels that carry blood from the tissues bac…
one of the tissue flaps in veins that prevents backflow of bl…
artery
large thick-walled muscular, elastic vessels that carry oxyge…
capillary
microscopic blood vessels with walls that are only one cell t…
33 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 33 - Nervous System- Vocabulary
neuron
dendrite
cell body
axon
conduct impulses throughout the nervous system
branchlike extensions of the neuron that receive impulses and…
neuron structure that contains the nucleus and many organelles
a single extension of the neuron that carries impulses away f…
neuron
conduct impulses throughout the nervous system
dendrite
branchlike extensions of the neuron that receive impulses and…
35 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 7- Cellular Structure and Function - Vocabulary
Cell
Cell Theory
Plasma membrane
Organelle
the basic structural and functional unit of all living organi…
all living organisms are composed of one or more cells, cells…
a special boundary that helps control what enters and leaves…
specialized structures that carry out specific cell functions
Cell
the basic structural and functional unit of all living organi…
Cell Theory
all living organisms are composed of one or more cells, cells…
30 terms
GACS lclab Biology - Chapter 2 - Principles of Ecology - Vocabulary
ecology
biosphere
biotic factors
abiotic factors
the scientific discipline in which the relationships among li…
the portion of Earth that supports life
the living factors in an organism's environment
nonlivng factors in an organism's environment. examples inclu…
ecology
the scientific discipline in which the relationships among li…
biosphere
the portion of Earth that supports life
13 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 11-Complex Inheritance and Human Heredity - Vocabulary
pedigree
carrier
incomplete dominance
codominance
a graphic representation of genetic inheritance
a heterozygous individual
an inheritance pattern where the phenotype of the hertozygote…
complex inheritance pattern that occurs when neither allele i…
pedigree
a graphic representation of genetic inheritance
carrier
a heterozygous individual
34 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 24 - Introduction to Animals- Vocabulary
invertebrate
exoskeleton
endoskeleton
vertebrate
an animal that does not have a backbone
hard, waxy covering on the outside of the body that provides…
an internal skeleton that provides support inside the animal'…
an animal with an endoskeleton and a backbone
invertebrate
an animal that does not have a backbone
exoskeleton
hard, waxy covering on the outside of the body that provides…
27 terms
GACS lclab Biology - Chapter 32 - Integumentary, Skeletal, and Muscular Systems - Vocabulary
epidermis
keratin
melanin
dermis
in humans and some animals, the outer superficial layer of sk…
protein contained in the skin's outer epidermal cells that wa…
pigment in the inner layer of the epidermis that protects aga…
skin layer beneath the epidermis; contains nerve cells, muscl…
epidermis
in humans and some animals, the outer superficial layer of sk…
keratin
protein contained in the skin's outer epidermal cells that wa…
29 terms
GACS lclab Biology - Chapter 22 - Plant Structure and Function - Vocabulary
parenchyma cell
collenchyma cell
sclerenchyma cell
meristem
spherical, thin-walled cell found throughout most plants that…
often elongated plant cell that provides flexibility for the…
plant cell that lacks cytoplasm and other living components w…
region of rapid cell division in plants; produces cells that…
parenchyma cell
spherical, thin-walled cell found throughout most plants that…
collenchyma cell
often elongated plant cell that provides flexibility for the…
15 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 16- Primate Evolution- Vocabulary
opposable first digit
binocular vision
diurnal
nocturnal
a digit, either a thumb or a toe, that is set apart from the…
overlapping fields of vision as a result of eyes located on t…
organisms that are active during the day
organisms that are active at night
opposable first digit
a digit, either a thumb or a toe, that is set apart from the…
binocular vision
overlapping fields of vision as a result of eyes located on t…
20 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 17- Organizing Life's Diversity - Vocabulary
classification
taxonomy
binomial nomenclature
taxon
the grouping of objects or information based on similarities
the branch of biology that groups and names organism based on…
two- word naming system developed to identity species ... first…
named group of organisms, such as phylum, genus, or species
classification
the grouping of objects or information based on similarities
taxonomy
the branch of biology that groups and names organism based on…
17 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 14- The History of Life - Vocabulary
fossil
paleontologist
relative dating
law of superposition
preserved evidence of an organism, often found in sedimentary…
scientist who studies fossils
method used to determine the age of rocks by comparing the ro…
states that the oldest layers of rock are found at the bottom…
fossil
preserved evidence of an organism, often found in sedimentary…
paleontologist
scientist who studies fossils
19 terms
GACS lclab Biology-Chapter 31-Animal Behavior-Vocabulary
behavior
innate behavior
fixed action pattern
learned behaviors
the way an animal responds to a stimulus
behaviors that are genetically based and not linked to past e…
when an animal carries out a specific set of actions in seque…
result from an interaction between innate behaviors and past…
behavior
the way an animal responds to a stimulus
innate behavior
behaviors that are genetically based and not linked to past e…
33 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 33 - Nervous System- Vocabulary
neuron
dendrite
cell body
axon
conduct impulses throughout the nervous system
branchlike extensions of the neuron that receive impulses and…
neuron structure that contains the nucleus and many organelles
a single extension of the neuron that carries impulses away f…
neuron
conduct impulses throughout the nervous system
dendrite
branchlike extensions of the neuron that receive impulses and…
19 terms
GACS lclab Biology - Chapter 8 - Cellular Energy-Vocabulary
energy
thermodynamics
metabolism
photosynthesis
the ability to do work
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
the name for all of a cell's chemical reactions
the anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is co…
energy
the ability to do work
thermodynamics
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
13 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 18- Bacteria and Viruses- Vocabulary
bacteria
nucleoid
capsule
pilus
microscopic prokaryotes; most are beneficial to humans and to…
area in a prokaryotic cell that contains a large, circular ch…
polysaccharide layer secreted around the cell wall by some pr…
hairlike, submicroscopic structure made of protein that can h…
bacteria
microscopic prokaryotes; most are beneficial to humans and to…
nucleoid
area in a prokaryotic cell that contains a large, circular ch…
19 terms
GACS lclab Biology - Chapter 8 - Cellular Energy-Vocabulary
energy
thermodynamics
metabolism
photosynthesis
the ability to do work
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
the name for all of a cell's chemical reactions
the anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is co…
energy
the ability to do work
thermodynamics
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
23 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 13- Genetics and Biotechnology - Vocabulary
selective breeding
inbreeding
test cross
genetic engineering
directed breeding to produce plants an danimals with desired…
a mating between closely related individuals
a cross of an individual of unknown genotype with an individu…
a much faster and more reliable method for increasing the fre…
selective breeding
directed breeding to produce plants an danimals with desired…
inbreeding
a mating between closely related individuals
19 terms
GACS lclab Biology - Chapter 8 - Cellular Energy-Vocabulary
energy
thermodynamics
metabolism
photosynthesis
the ability to do work
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
the name for all of a cell's chemical reactions
the anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is co…
energy
the ability to do work
thermodynamics
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
19 terms
GACS lclab Biology - Chapter 12 - Molecular Genetics - Vocabulary
double helix
nucleosome
semiconservative replication
DNA polymerase
twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of DNA coil…
method of DNA replication
enzyme that catalyzes synthesis of new DNA molecules
double helix
twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
nucleosome
repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of DNA coil…
20 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 36 - Human Reproduction and Development- Vocabulary
seminiferous tubule
epididymis
vas deferens
urethra
tubule of the testis in which sperm develop
a coiled tube within the scrotum in which the sperm complete…
a duct that transports sperm from the epididymis toward the e…
tube that conducts semen and urine out of the body through th…
seminiferous tubule
tubule of the testis in which sperm develop
epididymis
a coiled tube within the scrotum in which the sperm complete…
19 terms
GACS lclab Biology-Chapter 31-Animal Behavior-Vocabulary
behavior
innate behavior
fixed action pattern
learned behaviors
the way an animal responds to a stimulus
behaviors that are genetically based and not linked to past e…
when an animal carries out a specific set of actions in seque…
result from an interaction between innate behaviors and past…
behavior
the way an animal responds to a stimulus
innate behavior
behaviors that are genetically based and not linked to past e…
33 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 33 - Nervous System- Vocabulary
neuron
dendrite
cell body
axon
conduct impulses throughout the nervous system
branchlike extensions of the neuron that receive impulses and…
neuron structure that contains the nucleus and many organelles
a single extension of the neuron that carries impulses away f…
neuron
conduct impulses throughout the nervous system
dendrite
branchlike extensions of the neuron that receive impulses and…
33 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 33 - Nervous System- Vocabulary
neuron
dendrite
cell body
axon
conduct impulses throughout the nervous system
branchlike extensions of the neuron that receive impulses and…
neuron structure that contains the nucleus and many organelles
a single extension of the neuron that carries impulses away f…
neuron
conduct impulses throughout the nervous system
dendrite
branchlike extensions of the neuron that receive impulses and…
18 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 24- Plant Reproduction- Vocabulary
vegetative reproduction
protonema
megaspore
microspore
asexual reproduction in plants where a new plant is produced…
a small green filament of cells that develops into either a m…
a female spore that eventually become the female gametophyte
male spores that will develop to a male gametophyte
vegetative reproduction
asexual reproduction in plants where a new plant is produced…
protonema
a small green filament of cells that develops into either a m…
43 terms
GACS lclab biology- Chapter 23- Reproduction in Plants - Vocabulary
vegetative reproduction
epidermal cell
vessel element
sieve tube element
asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from parts of a…
the outer covering of a plant consists of dermal tissue, whic…
a type of xylem cell that angiosperms have
the main phloem cells; arranged end to end to form sieve tubes
vegetative reproduction
asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from parts of a…
epidermal cell
the outer covering of a plant consists of dermal tissue, whic…
23 terms
GACS lclab Biology- Chapter 13- Genetics and Biotechnology - Vocabulary
selective breeding
inbreeding
test cross
genetic engineering
directed breeding to produce plants an danimals with desired…
a mating between closely related individuals
a cross of an individual of unknown genotype with an individu…
a much faster and more reliable method for increasing the fre…
selective breeding
directed breeding to produce plants an danimals with desired…
inbreeding
a mating between closely related individuals
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