Study sets matching "biology glossary"

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Study sets matching "biology glossary"

15 terms
Biology Glossary
biodiversity
comperative anatomy
creationism
evolution
Comparing anatomy of different species and investigating thei…
The idea that all life form and species are created by intell…
biodiversity
comperative anatomy
Comparing anatomy of different species and investigating thei…
35 terms
Biology Glossary
Account
Analyse
Apply
Appreciate
Account for: state reason for, report on. Give an account of:…
Identify components and relationships between them; draw out…
Use, utilize, employ in a particular situation
Make a judgment about the value of
Account
Account for: state reason for, report on. Give an account of:…
Analyse
Identify components and relationships between them; draw out…
15 terms
Biology Glossary
Centrioles
Chloroplast
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
A pair of small cylindrical structures composed of microtubul…
Found in some plant cells; a green organelle (due to the pres…
The contents of a cell, other than the nucleus. It is more th…
The fluid component of cytoplasm, in which organelles are loc…
Centrioles
A pair of small cylindrical structures composed of microtubul…
Chloroplast
Found in some plant cells; a green organelle (due to the pres…
Biology glossary
biodiversity
comparative anatomy
Creationism
Evolution
variety that exists among different types of animals and plan…
the studies of similarities and differences in the anatomy of…
the doctrine that all things were created by God substantiall…
The theory that all living things developed from a few simple…
biodiversity
variety that exists among different types of animals and plan…
comparative anatomy
the studies of similarities and differences in the anatomy of…
Biology Glossary
Artificial Selection
Biodiversity
Comparative Anatomy
Creationism
The reproduction of individuals in a population that have des…
The variety of all life on Earth.
The study of similarities and differences in the anatomy of d…
The belief that the Universe and life instigate "from the spe…
Artificial Selection
The reproduction of individuals in a population that have des…
Biodiversity
The variety of all life on Earth.
Biology Glossary
Artificial selection
Biodiversity
Comparative Anatomy
Creationism
The breeding of plants and animals to produce desirable trait…
The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a par…
Comparative anatomy is the study of similarities and differen…
The belief that the universe and living organisms from specif…
Artificial selection
The breeding of plants and animals to produce desirable trait…
Biodiversity
The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a par…
13 terms
glossary biology
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
chlorophyll
Chloroplasts
the thin layer of protein and fat that surrounds the cell
a thick, rigid membrane that surrounds a plant cell.
Chlorophyll is a molecule that can use light energy from sunl…
an elongated or disc-shaped organelle containing chlorophyll.
Cell Membrane
the thin layer of protein and fat that surrounds the cell
Cell Wall
a thick, rigid membrane that surrounds a plant cell.
16 terms
Biology glossary
Atom
Biomolecules
Compounds
Covalent bonds
The smallest unit of matter indivisible by chemical means.
Any of the organic molecules produced by living organisms.
A material made up of two or more parts or elements.
A bond between two or more atoms that is provided by electron…
Atom
The smallest unit of matter indivisible by chemical means.
Biomolecules
Any of the organic molecules produced by living organisms.
17 terms
biology glossary
artificial selection
biodiversity
comparative anatomy
creationism
a process in the breeding of animals and in the collation of…
the variety of all life on earth
the study of similarities and differences in the anatomy of d…
is a set of beliefs based on the idea that a supreme being bo…
artificial selection
a process in the breeding of animals and in the collation of…
biodiversity
the variety of all life on earth
17 terms
Biology Glossary
biodiversity definition?
Comparative anatomy
Artificial selection
creationism
The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a par…
Comparative anatomy is the study of similarities and differen…
Artificial selection differs from natural selection only beca…
a set of beliefs based on the idea that a Supreme Being broug…
biodiversity definition?
The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a par…
Comparative anatomy
Comparative anatomy is the study of similarities and differen…
Biology (Glossary)
Abdomen
Abscission
Accidental
Acclimation
Abdomen in mammals is the portion of the body which is locate…
Abscission is a process of shedding or separating part of an…
Accidental refers to the occurrences or existence of all thos…
Acclimation refers to the morphological and/or physiological…
Abdomen
Abdomen in mammals is the portion of the body which is locate…
Abscission
Abscission is a process of shedding or separating part of an…
486 terms
biology glossary
abductor
absorption
acetylcholine
acrosome
a muscle that moves a limb away from the center of the body
the process by which substances are taken up into or across t…
a neurotransmitter found throughout the nervous system (somat…
the large vesicle at the head of a sperm cell containing enzy…
abductor
a muscle that moves a limb away from the center of the body
absorption
the process by which substances are taken up into or across t…
91 terms
Biology Glossary
Asexual reproduction
Somatic cells
Prophase
Metaphase
- involves the process of mitosis... - the new cell produced is…
- any cell in the body aside from sperm and egg cells... - diplo…
- first stage of mitosis... - chromatin condenses into chromosom…
- sister chromosomes attach to microtubules via centromere... -…
Asexual reproduction
- involves the process of mitosis... - the new cell produced is…
Somatic cells
- any cell in the body aside from sperm and egg cells... - diplo…
13 terms
Biology Glossary
Genetics
Inheritance
Dominant trait
Recessive trait
The scientific study of hereditary
The process by which physical and biological characteristics…
a trait that will appear in the offspring if one of the paren…
A trait that reappears in the second generation after disappe…
Genetics
The scientific study of hereditary
Inheritance
The process by which physical and biological characteristics…
22 terms
Biology Glossary
Prokaryote
Microbe
Binary Fission
Diffusion
A single celled organism with no membrane-bound organelles
A micro-organism
Asexual reproduction in single celled organisms
O2, CO2, H2O move through the phospholipid bilayer with the c…
Prokaryote
A single celled organism with no membrane-bound organelles
Microbe
A micro-organism
24 terms
Biology Glossary
Osmosis
Tonicity
Hypotonic
Isotonic
A diffusion process in which water flows through a selectivel…
The relative concentration of solutes dissolved in solution w…
A solution with a lower solute concentration and therefore a…
A solution that has the same solute concentration as the solu…
Osmosis
A diffusion process in which water flows through a selectivel…
Tonicity
The relative concentration of solutes dissolved in solution w…
Biology glossary
Sexual reproduction
Asexual reproduction
Hermaphrodites
Parthenogenesis
-need two sexes... -meiotic cell division: specialised form of c…
-no sperm & eggs... -offspring genetically identical to parents…
individuals that produce both sperm and egg
egg made via meiosis activates and develops without being fer…
Sexual reproduction
-need two sexes... -meiotic cell division: specialised form of c…
Asexual reproduction
-no sperm & eggs... -offspring genetically identical to parents…
5 terms
Biology Glossary
Mutation
Semiconservative
Genotype
Mitosis
mutation is the changing of the structure of a gene, that bec…
This is the process in which the original strand of DNA remai…
The combination of alleles which you carry for a particular g…
A type of cell division that splits into to two cells that ha…
Mutation
mutation is the changing of the structure of a gene, that bec…
Semiconservative
This is the process in which the original strand of DNA remai…
42 terms
Biology glossary
Active transport
Aquaporins
Bacteria
Carrier proteins
The movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
Also called water channels, special channels made of protein…
microscopic living organisms, usually one-celled that can be…
A protein that transports specific substances through intrace…
Active transport
The movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
Aquaporins
Also called water channels, special channels made of protein…
15 terms
Biology Glossary
1. Chromosome
2. Phenotype
3. Genotype
4. Dominant Allele
A bundle of DNA containing many genes.
The gene that determines the physical appearance... (ex. Blue ey…
The combination of alleles which you carry for a particular g…
An allele which is always expressed when it is present, it ca…
1. Chromosome
A bundle of DNA containing many genes.
2. Phenotype
The gene that determines the physical appearance... (ex. Blue ey…
Biology Glossary
Anaphase
Bivalent / Tetrad
Cell Cycle
Centromere
The stage of mitosis or meiosis during which centromeres spli…
A homologous pair of chromosomes in the synapsed, or paired,…
The cycle is the series of events that take place in a cell l…
the primary construction in chromosome to which the spindle f…
Anaphase
The stage of mitosis or meiosis during which centromeres spli…
Bivalent / Tetrad
A homologous pair of chromosomes in the synapsed, or paired,…
17 terms
Glossary Biology
Allele
Gene
Dominant Gene
Recessive Gene
Two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by mutation
Heredity traits transferred from parent to child
First allele, show effect even if individual only have one co…
Second allele, only show if the individual have two copies. E…
Allele
Two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by mutation
Gene
Heredity traits transferred from parent to child
Biology Glossary
DNA
Genes
Heredity
Living cells
It carries genetic information. It is what makes a person the…
It is something you inherit from your older family members.
Transfer of genes in families.
What living things are made up of.
DNA
It carries genetic information. It is what makes a person the…
Genes
It is something you inherit from your older family members.
Biology Glossary
accuracy
anomaly
assumption
bias
"How close a measured value is to the actual (true) value." (…
"Something, some state of affairs, that does not square with…
A thing that is accepted as true or as certain to happen, wit…
Prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group…
accuracy
"How close a measured value is to the actual (true) value." (…
anomaly
"Something, some state of affairs, that does not square with…
11 terms
Biology Glossary
Atom
Biology
Carbohydrate
conclusion
The smallest component of an element
The science of life or living matter
Any class of organic compounds that are ployhydroxy aldehydes.
A result, issues or outcome
Atom
The smallest component of an element
Biology
The science of life or living matter
5 terms
Biology Glossary
Organism
Population
Community
Ecosystem
Species (usually use for one living thing)
Group of same species living in the same area
Different population/ different species living in one place
Different community, biotic and abiotic living together in a…
Organism
Species (usually use for one living thing)
Population
Group of same species living in the same area
7 terms
Biology Glossary
Unicellular
Multicellular
Plasma (cell) membrane
Cytoplasm
An organism that contains one cell
An organism that contains more than one cell (multiple)
surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell
...
Unicellular
An organism that contains one cell
Multicellular
An organism that contains more than one cell (multiple)
10 terms
Biology Glossary
Fossil
ontogeny
phylogeny
ultrastructure
recognizable remains of past life on earth
the development of an organism
The study of evolutionary relationships among organisms
Refers to fine detail, down to the molecular level, revealed…
Fossil
recognizable remains of past life on earth
ontogeny
the development of an organism
Biology Glossary
DNA
Protein
Amino Acids
Double Helix
Deoxyribonucleic acid; Blueprints for life; Carrier of geneti…
Made up by amino acids; Structural components of body materia…
A simple organic compound that makes up proteins.
Structure of DNA
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid; Blueprints for life; Carrier of geneti…
Protein
Made up by amino acids; Structural components of body materia…
Biology Glossary
Active Transport
Bulk Transport
Cell Theory
Cell Wall
The process by which dissolved molecules move across a cell m…
The movement of large quantities of materials into or out of…
A basic tenet of modern biology, first stated by Matthias Sch…
The rigid outer covering of a typical plant cell, composed ma…
Active Transport
The process by which dissolved molecules move across a cell m…
Bulk Transport
The movement of large quantities of materials into or out of…
20 terms
Biology glossary
Variation
DNA
Chromosome
Karyotype
Variation: a different version of something. ... Examples: ... Var…
a molecule that carries genetic information... Eukaryotic cells…
thread-like structures made of proteins and DNA. ... Structure:…
the number and appearance of chromosomes in the nucleus
Variation
Variation: a different version of something. ... Examples: ... Var…
DNA
a molecule that carries genetic information... Eukaryotic cells…
biology glossary
stem cells
totipotent
pluripotent
multipotent
undifferentiated cells found in multicellular organisms
stem cells that can differentiate into all the cells in an or…
stem cells that can differentiate into all cells of the body,…
cells that can differentiate to a limited number of cell type…
stem cells
undifferentiated cells found in multicellular organisms
totipotent
stem cells that can differentiate into all the cells in an or…
18 terms
Biology Glossary
Unicellular
Multicellular
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
organisms that are made up of just one cell
organisms that are made up of more than one cell/many cells
boundary of a cell
Liquid inside a cell
Unicellular
organisms that are made up of just one cell
Multicellular
organisms that are made up of more than one cell/many cells
20 terms
Biology Glossary
Morphology
Anatomy
Ethology
Ecology
The study of the size, shape, and structure of animals, plant…
(1) The science concerned with the shape, structure and the r…
The study of animal behavior with emphasis on the behavioral…
The branch of biology dealing with the relations and interact…
Morphology
The study of the size, shape, and structure of animals, plant…
Anatomy
(1) The science concerned with the shape, structure and the r…
7 terms
Biology Glossary
Embryo
Micrograph
Organism
Response
Multicellular diploid eukaryote in its earliest stage of deve…
A photograph taken by means of a microscope.
An individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form.
Behavior that is derived from reaction caused by either exter…
Embryo
Multicellular diploid eukaryote in its earliest stage of deve…
Micrograph
A photograph taken by means of a microscope.
38 terms
Biology Glossary
habitat
habitat fragmentation
habituation
hair follicle
area where an organism lives, including the biotic and abioti…
splitting of ecosystems into pieces
type of learning in which an animal decreases or stops its re…
tubelike pockets of epidermal cells that extend into the derm…
habitat
area where an organism lives, including the biotic and abioti…
habitat fragmentation
splitting of ecosystems into pieces
12 terms
Biology glossary
ecosystem
marine habitat
organism
species
A collection of all the organisms that live in a particular p…
an aquatic habitat, eg, coral reef, coastal sea, open ocean w…
Any living thing
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
ecosystem
A collection of all the organisms that live in a particular p…
marine habitat
an aquatic habitat, eg, coral reef, coastal sea, open ocean w…
14 terms
Biology glossary
Active transport
ADH
Aerobic respiration
Allele
The movement of substances against a concentration gradient o…
The hormone which controls the selective reabsorption of wate…
The process by which food molecules are broken down using oxy…
A version of a particular gene
Active transport
The movement of substances against a concentration gradient o…
ADH
The hormone which controls the selective reabsorption of wate…
13 terms
Biology Glossary
abiotic
Biotic
Niche
Environment
Any nonliving component of an environment
Describes living factors in the environment.
Full range of physical and biological conditions in which an…
Every non-genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the p…
abiotic
Any nonliving component of an environment
Biotic
Describes living factors in the environment.
56 terms
Biology Glossary
Active Transport
Alleles
Anaphase
Asexual Reproduction
The movement of a substance across a plasma (cell) membrane a…
Alternate forms of a gene
Third phase of mitosis, beginning when sister chromatids sepa…
Nonsexual means of reproduction which has 1 parent can includ…
Active Transport
The movement of a substance across a plasma (cell) membrane a…
Alleles
Alternate forms of a gene
32 terms
Biology Glossary
Molecule
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Phospholipids
Chemical compound that provides physical structure and brings…
Broken down to simple sugars.... Composed of organic compounds;…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
A lipid made up of a glyerol joined to two fatty acids and a…
Molecule
Chemical compound that provides physical structure and brings…
Carbohydrates
Broken down to simple sugars.... Composed of organic compounds;…
Biology Glossary
Active transport
Amino Acid
Biogenesis
Carbohydrate
The movement of substances across membranes that involves the…
An organic compound containing an amino group and a carboxyli…
The principle that cells are formed only from pre-existing ce…
An organic compound consisting only of carbon, hydrogen and o…
Active transport
The movement of substances across membranes that involves the…
Amino Acid
An organic compound containing an amino group and a carboxyli…
14 terms
Biology Glossary
Agarose
Aspirate
Biotechnology
Buffer
A highly purified polysaccaride (complex carbohydrate) common…
To draw in or suck in.
A set of biological techniques developed through basic resear…
A solution used to maintain optimal physical chemical environ…
Agarose
A highly purified polysaccaride (complex carbohydrate) common…
Aspirate
To draw in or suck in.
23 terms
Biology glossary
Adaptation
Evolution
Theory
Natural selection
An inherited trait that increases an organism's chance for su…
Change in inherited traits in a population over many generati…
Well-supported,testable explanation of life around us;理论
Individuals with favorable traits are more likely to survive…
Adaptation
An inherited trait that increases an organism's chance for su…
Evolution
Change in inherited traits in a population over many generati…
Biology Glossary
abiotic factor
activation energy
active transport
adhesion
any nonliving component of an ecosystem (e.g, sunlight, air,…
the kinetic energy required to initiate a chemical reaction
the movement of a substance across a plasma (cell) membrane a…
the property of sticking to some other substance
abiotic factor
any nonliving component of an ecosystem (e.g, sunlight, air,…
activation energy
the kinetic energy required to initiate a chemical reaction
151 terms
Biology Glossary
Abiotic factor
Activation energy
Active transport
Adhesion
Any non living component of an ecosystem
The kinetic energy required to initiate a chemical reaction
The movement of a substance across plasma
The property of sticking to some other substance
Abiotic factor
Any non living component of an ecosystem
Activation energy
The kinetic energy required to initiate a chemical reaction
254 terms
biology glossary
aminoacylase
abiotic factors
abscission
acetyl coenzyme A
enzyme used to produce pure samples of L-amino acids
non-living conditions in a habitat
the fall of leaves
molecule that enters the Krebs cycle from glycolysis through…
aminoacylase
enzyme used to produce pure samples of L-amino acids
abiotic factors
non-living conditions in a habitat
24 terms
Biology Glossary
Active transport
Endocytosis
Pinocytosis
Phagocyte
The movement of chemical substances , usually across the cell…
Is the process by which cells ingest external fluid, macromol…
A method of active transport across the cell membrane in whic…
A cell that ingests and destroys (digests) foreign matter mic…
Active transport
The movement of chemical substances , usually across the cell…
Endocytosis
Is the process by which cells ingest external fluid, macromol…
40 terms
biology glossary
Tissue
Organ
Vascular
Terrestrial
a group of specialised cells working together to perfrom a sp…
a structure made up of different types of tissue working toge…
relating to, affecting, or consisting of a vessel or vessels,…
land dwelling
Tissue
a group of specialised cells working together to perfrom a sp…
Organ
a structure made up of different types of tissue working toge…
Biology glossary
Biomass
Trophic level
Primary consumer
Secondary consumer
The dry mass of organisms
Feeding positions in a food chain
Organism in a food chain that's gets its energy from eating f…
Organism in a food chain that gets its energy from eating pri…
Biomass
The dry mass of organisms
Trophic level
Feeding positions in a food chain
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