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Study sets matching "biology glossary"

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Study sets matching "biology glossary"

15 terms
Biology Glossary
biodiversity
comperative anatomy
creationism
evolution
Comparing anatomy of different species and investigating thei…
The idea that all life form and species are created by intell…
biodiversity
comperative anatomy
Comparing anatomy of different species and investigating thei…
35 terms
Biology Glossary
Account
Analyse
Apply
Appreciate
Account for: state reason for, report on. Give an account of:…
Identify components and relationships between them; draw out…
Use, utilize, employ in a particular situation
Make a judgment about the value of
Account
Account for: state reason for, report on. Give an account of:…
Analyse
Identify components and relationships between them; draw out…
153 terms
Biology glossary
Sexual reproduction
Asexual reproduction
Hermaphrodites
Parthenogenesis
-need two sexes... -meiotic cell division: specialised form of c…
-no sperm & eggs... -offspring genetically identical to parents…
individuals that produce both sperm and egg
egg made via meiosis activates and develops without being fer…
Sexual reproduction
-need two sexes... -meiotic cell division: specialised form of c…
Asexual reproduction
-no sperm & eggs... -offspring genetically identical to parents…
24 terms
Biology Glossary
Osmosis
Tonicity
Hypotonic
Isotonic
A diffusion process in which water flows through a selectivel…
The relative concentration of solutes dissolved in solution w…
A solution with a lower solute concentration and therefore a…
A solution that has the same solute concentration as the solu…
Osmosis
A diffusion process in which water flows through a selectivel…
Tonicity
The relative concentration of solutes dissolved in solution w…
17 terms
biology glossary
artificial selection
biodiversity
comparative anatomy
creationism
a process in the breeding of animals and in the collation of…
the variety of all life on earth
the study of similarities and differences in the anatomy of d…
is a set of beliefs based on the idea that a supreme being bo…
artificial selection
a process in the breeding of animals and in the collation of…
biodiversity
the variety of all life on earth
17 terms
Biology Glossary
Artificial Selection
Biodiversity
Comparative Anatomy
Creationism
The reproduction of individuals in a population that have des…
The variety of all life on Earth.
The study of similarities and differences in the anatomy of d…
The belief that the Universe and life instigate "from the spe…
Artificial Selection
The reproduction of individuals in a population that have des…
Biodiversity
The variety of all life on Earth.
16 terms
Biology Glossary
Artificial selection
Biodiversity
Comparative Anatomy
Creationism
The breeding of plants and animals to produce desirable trait…
The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a par…
Comparative anatomy is the study of similarities and differen…
The belief that the universe and living organisms from specif…
Artificial selection
The breeding of plants and animals to produce desirable trait…
Biodiversity
The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a par…
13 terms
glossary biology
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
chlorophyll
Chloroplasts
the thin layer of protein and fat that surrounds the cell
a thick, rigid membrane that surrounds a plant cell.
Chlorophyll is a molecule that can use light energy from sunl…
an elongated or disc-shaped organelle containing chlorophyll.
Cell Membrane
the thin layer of protein and fat that surrounds the cell
Cell Wall
a thick, rigid membrane that surrounds a plant cell.
16 terms
Biology glossary
Atom
Biomolecules
Compounds
Covalent bonds
The smallest unit of matter indivisible by chemical means.
Any of the organic molecules produced by living organisms.
A material made up of two or more parts or elements.
A bond between two or more atoms that is provided by electron…
Atom
The smallest unit of matter indivisible by chemical means.
Biomolecules
Any of the organic molecules produced by living organisms.
17 terms
Biology Glossary
biodiversity definition?
Comparative anatomy
Artificial selection
creationism
The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a par…
Comparative anatomy is the study of similarities and differen…
Artificial selection differs from natural selection only beca…
a set of beliefs based on the idea that a Supreme Being broug…
biodiversity definition?
The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a par…
Comparative anatomy
Comparative anatomy is the study of similarities and differen…
91 terms
Biology Glossary
Asexual reproduction
Somatic cells
Prophase
Metaphase
- involves the process of mitosis... - the new cell produced is…
- any cell in the body aside from sperm and egg cells... - diplo…
- first stage of mitosis... - chromatin condenses into chromosom…
- sister chromosomes attach to microtubules via centromere... -…
Asexual reproduction
- involves the process of mitosis... - the new cell produced is…
Somatic cells
- any cell in the body aside from sperm and egg cells... - diplo…
12 terms
Biology glossary
Biomass
Trophic level
Primary consumer
Secondary consumer
The dry mass of organisms
Feeding positions in a food chain
Organism in a food chain that's gets its energy from eating f…
Organism in a food chain that gets its energy from eating pri…
Biomass
The dry mass of organisms
Trophic level
Feeding positions in a food chain
39 terms
biology glossary
NUTRITION
BALANCED DIET
AMINO ACIDS
KERATIN
The process of taking nutrients out of food
a healthy balance of all nutrients in the correct amounts
the simplest building blocks of proteins and DNA (monomer)
a protein that skin, nails and hair are made of
NUTRITION
The process of taking nutrients out of food
BALANCED DIET
a healthy balance of all nutrients in the correct amounts
102 terms
Glossary Biology
Abdominal
biology
biosphere
large intestine
onderbuik the lower part of the belly
biologie the scientific study of living things.
Biosfeer is a natural zone where life is possible... on a planet
dikke darm stores temporally undigested food ... and extracts w…
Abdominal
onderbuik the lower part of the belly
biology
biologie the scientific study of living things.
10 terms
Biology Glossary
Abiotic
Acetylcholine
Action Potential
Actin
An ecological factor that makes up part of the non-biological…
One of a group of chemicals, called neurotransmitters, releas…
Change that occurs in the electrical charge across the membra…
Filamentous protein which is involved in contraction within c…
Abiotic
An ecological factor that makes up part of the non-biological…
Acetylcholine
One of a group of chemicals, called neurotransmitters, releas…
85 terms
biology glossary
stem cells
totipotent
pluripotent
multipotent
undifferentiated cells found in multicellular organisms
stem cells that can differentiate into all the cells in an or…
stem cells that can differentiate into all cells of the body,…
cells that can differentiate to a limited number of cell type…
stem cells
undifferentiated cells found in multicellular organisms
totipotent
stem cells that can differentiate into all the cells in an or…
79 terms
Biology Glossary
Active Transport
ADH
aerobic respiration
Allele
The movement of substances against a concentration gradient a…
The hormone which controls the selective reabsorption of wate…
The process by which food molecules are broken down using oxy…
A version of a particular gene.
Active Transport
The movement of substances against a concentration gradient a…
ADH
The hormone which controls the selective reabsorption of wate…
100 terms
biology glossary
alpha helix
abundance
activation energy
active immunity
-proteins secondary structure... -right-handed spiral held in pl…
-frequency of occurrence of plants in a sampled area = quadrat
-level of energy required to enable a reaction to take place.
-immunity that is acquired by activation of the immune system.
alpha helix
-proteins secondary structure... -right-handed spiral held in pl…
abundance
-frequency of occurrence of plants in a sampled area = quadrat
19 terms
BIOLOGY GLOSSARY
Atom
Biomolecules
Compounds
Covalent bonds
The smallest particle of an element that exists (make up elem…
A molecule that is involved in the maintenance and metabolic…
Two or more elements that are chemically combined
This is the sharing of electrons between two or more atoms (e…
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that exists (make up elem…
Biomolecules
A molecule that is involved in the maintenance and metabolic…
16 terms
Biology Glossary
Transpiration
Epidermis
Root hair
Osmosis
loss of water vapour from the aerial part of the plant due to…
outer layers of cells of a multicellular organism. Plants hav…
cells in the epithelium of roots that have long extensions to…
movement of water molecules from a high water potential to a…
Transpiration
loss of water vapour from the aerial part of the plant due to…
Epidermis
outer layers of cells of a multicellular organism. Plants hav…
227 terms
biology glossary
abiotic factors
abortion
active immunity
active transport
non living factors
the deliberate termination of a pregnancy
the production of a persons own antibodies in response to ant…
energy is used to move molecules against a concentration grad…
abiotic factors
non living factors
abortion
the deliberate termination of a pregnancy
409 terms
Biology- Glossary
Abscission
Acetyl CoA
Acetylcholine
Action Potential
the process of leaf or fruit fall from a plant
an organic substance that acts as the substrate for the citri…
a neurotransmitter found in vertebrates
a temporary change in the electrical potential across the cel…
Abscission
the process of leaf or fruit fall from a plant
Acetyl CoA
an organic substance that acts as the substrate for the citri…
223 terms
biology glossary
Adaptation
Addiction
Aerobic respiration
Alcohol
the gradual change of a particular organism over generations…
being abnormally dependent on something; habit forming
respiration using oxygen, which releases energy and produces…
waste product made by yeast, following anaerobic respiration
Adaptation
the gradual change of a particular organism over generations…
Addiction
being abnormally dependent on something; habit forming
1,069 terms
Cell Molecular Biology Lodish Glossary
ABC transporter proteins
Acetyl
Acetyl CoA
Acetylcholine receptor
Membrane transport proteins that use ATP to transfer peptides…
CH3-C=O Functional group derived from acetic acid. Added to s…
Acetyl + CoA through a tioester group. Water-soluble molecule…
Membrane bound protein (ion channel) that when bound to acety…
ABC transporter proteins
Membrane transport proteins that use ATP to transfer peptides…
Acetyl
CH3-C=O Functional group derived from acetic acid. Added to s…
20 terms
Biology glossary
Epidermis
Fibres
Lysosomes
Mitochondria
Outermost layer of cells in plants and animals.
In plants, long, narrow cells, with thick lignified cell wall…
Membrane-bound vesicles, found in most animal cells, in which…
Organelles in which cellular respiration occurs; composed of…
Epidermis
Outermost layer of cells in plants and animals.
Fibres
In plants, long, narrow cells, with thick lignified cell wall…
159 terms
Biology glossary
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Nuclear membrane/envelope
Contains genetic material in form of DNA, 10-20 micrometres i…
Condensed DNA
Uncondensed DNA
Controls entry and exit of molecules, contains 3000 nuclear p…
Nucleus
Contains genetic material in form of DNA, 10-20 micrometres i…
Chromosomes
Condensed DNA
30 terms
Biology glossary
Accuracy
Calibration
Data
Measurement error
If a result is close to the true value
Marking a scale on a measuring instrument
Qualitive/quantitive information that has been collected
The difference between the measured and true value
Accuracy
If a result is close to the true value
Calibration
Marking a scale on a measuring instrument
44 terms
Biology Glossary
Genetics
Double Helix
Nitrogenous base
Adenine
The study of the patterns of inheritance of specific traits.…
The coiled structure of double-stranded DNA in which strands…
A molecule that contains nitrogen and has the chemical proper…
A base that is a component of DNA and RNA, forming a base pai…
Genetics
The study of the patterns of inheritance of specific traits.…
Double Helix
The coiled structure of double-stranded DNA in which strands…
351 terms
Biology Glossary
active transport
ADH (antidiuretic hormone)
aerobic respiration
allele
The movement of substances up a concentration gradient across…
The hormone which controls the selective reabsorption of wate…
The process by which glucose is broken down using oxygen into…
A version of a particular gene.
active transport
The movement of substances up a concentration gradient across…
ADH (antidiuretic hormone)
The hormone which controls the selective reabsorption of wate…
12 terms
Biology glossary
Alveoli
Arteries
Capillaries
Enzymes
Air sacs in the lungs
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Have very thin walls that allow substances to pass through
Substances which are made of protein and break down food
Alveoli
Air sacs in the lungs
Arteries
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
486 terms
biology glossary
abductor
absorption
acetylcholine
acrosome
a muscle that moves a limb away from the center of the body
the process by which substances are taken up into or across t…
a neurotransmitter found throughout the nervous system (somat…
the large vesicle at the head of a sperm cell containing enzy…
abductor
a muscle that moves a limb away from the center of the body
absorption
the process by which substances are taken up into or across t…
20 terms
Biology Glossary
A term applied to someone or something.
The structural and functional part of…
A chemical substance which contains ca…
An organism uses sunlight to synthesiz…
Nomenculature
Organelle
Organic compound
Photosynthesis
A term applied to someone or something.
Nomenculature
The structural and functional part of…
Organelle
929 terms
Biology (Glossary)
Abdomen
Abscission
Accidental
Acclimation
Abdomen in mammals is the portion of the body which is locate…
Abscission is a process of shedding or separating part of an…
Accidental refers to the occurrences or existence of all thos…
Acclimation refers to the morphological and/or physiological…
Abdomen
Abdomen in mammals is the portion of the body which is locate…
Abscission
Abscission is a process of shedding or separating part of an…
42 terms
Biology Unit 3 Glossary
Allele
Autosome
Carrier
Chromosome
One specific form of a gene, differing from other alleles by…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
An individual that has a recessive allele of a gene, but it d…
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus... Ea…
Allele
One specific form of a gene, differing from other alleles by…
Autosome
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
15 terms
Biology Glossary
DNA
Genes
Heredity
Living cells
It carries genetic information. It is what makes a person the…
It is something you inherit from your older family members.
Transfer of genes in families.
What living things are made up of.
DNA
It carries genetic information. It is what makes a person the…
Genes
It is something you inherit from your older family members.
26 terms
Biology Glossary
active transport
carrier protein
concentration gradient
contractile vacuole
the movement of a substance across a cell membrane against a…
a protein that transports specific substances across a biolog…
the difference in concentration of a substance across space
an organelle in protists that expels water
active transport
the movement of a substance across a cell membrane against a…
carrier protein
a protein that transports specific substances across a biolog…
21 terms
BIOLOGY GLOSSARY
Metabolism
Primates
Homeostasis
Cells
A chemical process that happens to a living organism to maint…
Mammals that are distinguished by having feet, hands, and eyes.
The balance in the body.
The structure of a living organism.
Metabolism
A chemical process that happens to a living organism to maint…
Primates
Mammals that are distinguished by having feet, hands, and eyes.
22 terms
Biology Glossary
Gene
Chromosome
Nucleotide
Genotype
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Chromosome
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
52 terms
Biology Glossary
Cell
Multicellular
Unicellular
Cell Theory
Smallest unit that makes up all living organisms
An organism that is made up of more than one cell
An organism that is made up of one cell
The theory of cells
Cell
Smallest unit that makes up all living organisms
Multicellular
An organism that is made up of more than one cell
39 terms
Biology Glossary
Chromosome
Autosome
Complementary base pair
DNA replication
A long thin threadlike structure found in the nucleus of cell…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome (is not involved…
The bases in DNA are complementary because Adenine will only…
When a double-stranded DNA molecule makes an identical copy o…
Chromosome
A long thin threadlike structure found in the nucleus of cell…
Autosome
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome (is not involved…
16 terms
Biology glossary
Action potential
Amplifier
Anterior
Axon
: Also known as nerve impulse or spike. One generally talks a…
The amplifier stage is omitted in the virtual lab to simplify…
A general anatomical orientation term that means towards the…
A type of a thin tube extending from the cell body of a neuro…
Action potential
: Also known as nerve impulse or spike. One generally talks a…
Amplifier
The amplifier stage is omitted in the virtual lab to simplify…
Biology Glossary
Active Transport
Bulk Transport
Cell Theory
Cell Wall
The process by which dissolved molecules move across a cell m…
The movement of large quantities of materials into or out of…
A basic tenet of modern biology, first stated by Matthias Sch…
The rigid outer covering of a typical plant cell, composed ma…
Active Transport
The process by which dissolved molecules move across a cell m…
Bulk Transport
The movement of large quantities of materials into or out of…
10 terms
Biology Glossary
Fossil
ontogeny
phylogeny
ultrastructure
recognizable remains of past life on earth
the development of an organism
The study of evolutionary relationships among organisms
Refers to fine detail, down to the molecular level, revealed…
Fossil
recognizable remains of past life on earth
ontogeny
the development of an organism
20 terms
Biology Glossary
DNA
Protein
Amino Acids
Double Helix
Deoxyribonucleic acid; Blueprints for life; Carrier of geneti…
Made up by amino acids; Structural components of body materia…
A simple organic compound that makes up proteins.
Structure of DNA
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid; Blueprints for life; Carrier of geneti…
Protein
Made up by amino acids; Structural components of body materia…
32 terms
Biology glossary
Organism
Organs
Tissues
Cells
Any living thing
Part of your body with a certain function
Cells of the same shape and function
The smallest unit of life
Organism
Any living thing
Organs
Part of your body with a certain function
20 terms
Biology Glossary
Morphology
Anatomy
Ethology
Ecology
The study of the size, shape, and structure of animals, plant…
(1) The science concerned with the shape, structure and the r…
The study of animal behavior with emphasis on the behavioral…
The branch of biology dealing with the relations and interact…
Morphology
The study of the size, shape, and structure of animals, plant…
Anatomy
(1) The science concerned with the shape, structure and the r…
5 terms
Biology Glossary
Mutation
Semiconservative
Genotype
Mitosis
mutation is the changing of the structure of a gene, that bec…
This is the process in which the original strand of DNA remai…
The combination of alleles which you carry for a particular g…
A type of cell division that splits into to two cells that ha…
Mutation
mutation is the changing of the structure of a gene, that bec…
Semiconservative
This is the process in which the original strand of DNA remai…
11 terms
Biology glossary
Abiotic Factor
Abiotic
Biome
Biotic
Non- living chemical and physical parts of the environment th…
Non- Living and usually applied to the physical and chemical…
Geographically based communities, usually defined by climatic…
Living;usually applied to the biological aspects of an organi…
Abiotic Factor
Non- living chemical and physical parts of the environment th…
Abiotic
Non- Living and usually applied to the physical and chemical…
56 terms
Biology Glossary
Active Transport
Alleles
Anaphase
Asexual Reproduction
The movement of a substance across a plasma (cell) membrane a…
Alternate forms of a gene
Third phase of mitosis, beginning when sister chromatids sepa…
Nonsexual means of reproduction which has 1 parent can includ…
Active Transport
The movement of a substance across a plasma (cell) membrane a…
Alleles
Alternate forms of a gene
365 terms
Biology glossary
abiotic factors
activation energy
active site
active transport
non-living conditions in a habitat.
the energy required to initiate a reaction.
area of an enzyme with a shape complementary to a specific su…
movement of particles across a plasma membrane against a conc…
abiotic factors
non-living conditions in a habitat.
activation energy
the energy required to initiate a reaction.
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