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Study sets matching "biology glossary"

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Study sets matching "biology glossary"

15 terms
Biology Glossary
biodiversity
comperative anatomy
creationism
evolution
Comparing anatomy of different species and investigating thei…
The idea that all life form and species are created by intell…
biodiversity
comperative anatomy
Comparing anatomy of different species and investigating thei…
153 terms
Biology glossary
Sexual reproduction
Asexual reproduction
Hermaphrodites
Parthenogenesis
-need two sexes... -meiotic cell division: specialised form of c…
-no sperm & eggs... -offspring genetically identical to parents…
individuals that produce both sperm and egg
egg made via meiosis activates and develops without being fer…
Sexual reproduction
-need two sexes... -meiotic cell division: specialised form of c…
Asexual reproduction
-no sperm & eggs... -offspring genetically identical to parents…
24 terms
Biology Glossary
Osmosis
Tonicity
Hypotonic
Isotonic
A diffusion process in which water flows through a selectivel…
The relative concentration of solutes dissolved in solution w…
A solution with a lower solute concentration and therefore a…
A solution that has the same solute concentration as the solu…
Osmosis
A diffusion process in which water flows through a selectivel…
Tonicity
The relative concentration of solutes dissolved in solution w…
22 terms
Biology Glossary
Prokaryote
Microbe
Binary Fission
Diffusion
A single celled organism with no membrane-bound organelles
A micro-organism
Asexual reproduction in single celled organisms
O2, CO2, H2O move through the phospholipid bilayer with the c…
Prokaryote
A single celled organism with no membrane-bound organelles
Microbe
A micro-organism
17 terms
biology glossary
artificial selection
biodiversity
comparative anatomy
creationism
a process in the breeding of animals and in the collation of…
the variety of all life on earth
the study of similarities and differences in the anatomy of d…
is a set of beliefs based on the idea that a supreme being bo…
artificial selection
a process in the breeding of animals and in the collation of…
biodiversity
the variety of all life on earth
17 terms
Biology Glossary
Artificial Selection
Biodiversity
Comparative Anatomy
Creationism
The reproduction of individuals in a population that have des…
The variety of all life on Earth.
The study of similarities and differences in the anatomy of d…
The belief that the Universe and life instigate "from the spe…
Artificial Selection
The reproduction of individuals in a population that have des…
Biodiversity
The variety of all life on Earth.
16 terms
Biology Glossary
Artificial selection
Biodiversity
Comparative Anatomy
Creationism
The breeding of plants and animals to produce desirable trait…
The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a par…
Comparative anatomy is the study of similarities and differen…
The belief that the universe and living organisms from specif…
Artificial selection
The breeding of plants and animals to produce desirable trait…
Biodiversity
The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a par…
13 terms
glossary biology
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
chlorophyll
Chloroplasts
the thin layer of protein and fat that surrounds the cell
a thick, rigid membrane that surrounds a plant cell.
Chlorophyll is a molecule that can use light energy from sunl…
an elongated or disc-shaped organelle containing chlorophyll.
Cell Membrane
the thin layer of protein and fat that surrounds the cell
Cell Wall
a thick, rigid membrane that surrounds a plant cell.
16 terms
Biology glossary
Atom
Biomolecules
Compounds
Covalent bonds
The smallest unit of matter indivisible by chemical means.
Any of the organic molecules produced by living organisms.
A material made up of two or more parts or elements.
A bond between two or more atoms that is provided by electron…
Atom
The smallest unit of matter indivisible by chemical means.
Biomolecules
Any of the organic molecules produced by living organisms.
17 terms
Biology Glossary
biodiversity definition?
Comparative anatomy
Artificial selection
creationism
The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a par…
Comparative anatomy is the study of similarities and differen…
Artificial selection differs from natural selection only beca…
a set of beliefs based on the idea that a Supreme Being broug…
biodiversity definition?
The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a par…
Comparative anatomy
Comparative anatomy is the study of similarities and differen…
91 terms
Biology Glossary
Asexual reproduction
Somatic cells
Prophase
Metaphase
- involves the process of mitosis... - the new cell produced is…
- any cell in the body aside from sperm and egg cells... - diplo…
- first stage of mitosis... - chromatin condenses into chromosom…
- sister chromosomes attach to microtubules via centromere... -…
Asexual reproduction
- involves the process of mitosis... - the new cell produced is…
Somatic cells
- any cell in the body aside from sperm and egg cells... - diplo…
1,069 terms
Cell Molecular Biology Lodish Glossary
ABC transporter proteins
Acetyl
Acetyl CoA
Acetylcholine receptor
Membrane transport proteins that use ATP to transfer peptides…
CH3-C=O Functional group derived from acetic acid. Added to s…
Acetyl + CoA through a tioester group. Water-soluble molecule…
Membrane bound protein (ion channel) that when bound to acety…
ABC transporter proteins
Membrane transport proteins that use ATP to transfer peptides…
Acetyl
CH3-C=O Functional group derived from acetic acid. Added to s…
42 terms
Biology Unit 3 Glossary
Allele
Autosome
Carrier
Chromosome
One specific form of a gene, differing from other alleles by…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
An individual that has a recessive allele of a gene, but it d…
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus... Ea…
Allele
One specific form of a gene, differing from other alleles by…
Autosome
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
34 terms
Biology Chapter 3 glossary
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Aerobic pathway
Anaerobic pathway
Produced after the release of energy from ATP. They can be re…
Produced during glycolysis and cellular respiration. The ATP…
Cellular respiration in which oxygen is consumed and carbon i…
Its the breakdown of substances and consequent release of ene…
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
Produced after the release of energy from ATP. They can be re…
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Produced during glycolysis and cellular respiration. The ATP…
56 terms
Glossary terms Biology
Inherited trait
Physical trait
Innate behavioural trait
Gene
A trait that is transmitted genetically from one generation t…
Defining traits or features about your body eg. Nose, hair,
Existing in one from born; innate
Short section of DNA on a chromosome. Exists in alternative f…
Inherited trait
A trait that is transmitted genetically from one generation t…
Physical trait
Defining traits or features about your body eg. Nose, hair,
30 terms
Biology : Chapter 5 Glossary
chemical communication
diabetes
effector
endocrine (hormonal) system
Signals passed between cells by the release of specific signa…
Disease resulting from insufficient production of insulin by…
Describes something, in particular an organ, that carries out…
System of internal control in animals that involves the relea…
chemical communication
Signals passed between cells by the release of specific signa…
diabetes
Disease resulting from insufficient production of insulin by…
22 terms
Biology : Chapter 7 Glossary
disease
parasite
primary host
intermediate host
Any condition that impairs the normal functioning of an organ…
An organism that lives in or on the body of another organism…
Parasite infects host at its adult stage
Parasite infects host at its larval stage
disease
Any condition that impairs the normal functioning of an organ…
parasite
An organism that lives in or on the body of another organism…
42 terms
Biology: Chapter 6 Glossary
abscisic acid
action potential
auxin
axon
A growth inhibiting plant hormone associated with leaf and fr…
A reversal of the normal potential difference across a cell m…
Plant hormone that promotes the growth of new shoots, positiv…
The part of a nerve cell that conducts an action potential aw…
abscisic acid
A growth inhibiting plant hormone associated with leaf and fr…
action potential
A reversal of the normal potential difference across a cell m…
30 terms
Biology : Chapter 8 Glossary
acquired immunity
antibody
antigen
apoptosis
Result of contact with a particular pathogen; the major role…
Specific protein (immunoglobulin) produced by lymphocytes in…
Substance capable of binding with an antibody produced by the…
Programmed cell death; the process of cell suicide that invol…
acquired immunity
Result of contact with a particular pathogen; the major role…
antibody
Specific protein (immunoglobulin) produced by lymphocytes in…
25 terms
Biology : Chapter 9 Glossary
active immunity
allergen
allergy
antibody
natural or artificial exposure to an antigen causing an immun…
antigen that causes an allergic response
a vigorous response of the immune system to an antigen, resul…
specific protein produced by lymphocytes in response to a par…
active immunity
natural or artificial exposure to an antigen causing an immun…
allergen
antigen that causes an allergic response
52 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 Glossary
5' and 3' ends
adenine
amino acid
amino acid attachment site
Two ends of a polynucleotide strands that are referred to as…
Nitrogen-containing base found in nucleotides of DNA and RNA
compount that is the bulding block of polypeptides.
...
5' and 3' ends
Two ends of a polynucleotide strands that are referred to as…
adenine
Nitrogen-containing base found in nucleotides of DNA and RNA
21 terms
Biology : Chapter 4 Glossary
Amino Acid
Anticodon
antiparallel
base pairing
Compound that is the building block of polypeptides. The key…
Three bases in a transfer RNA molecule (tRNA) that are comple…
In DNA, meaning that one strand runs 5' -> 3' and the other r…
The direct pairing of A and T (purine bases), and G and C (py…
Amino Acid
Compound that is the building block of polypeptides. The key…
Anticodon
Three bases in a transfer RNA molecule (tRNA) that are comple…
39 terms
Biology Ch.2 Glossary
Activation energy
Active Site
Affinity
Amylase
Energy that is required to start a chemical reaction
The site on the surface of an enzyme that binds the substrate
Measure of the ease with which an enzyme binds with its subst…
Enzyme that breaks down starch
Activation energy
Energy that is required to start a chemical reaction
Active Site
The site on the surface of an enzyme that binds the substrate
44 terms
Biology Chapter 1 Glossary
Active transport
Biomacro molecule
Carbohydrate
Cell
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane that requi…
Large organic molecules formed by joining together monomers (…
Organic compounds made of Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen. it's f…
Basic unit of life.
Active transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane that requi…
Biomacro molecule
Large organic molecules formed by joining together monomers (…
20 terms
Biology: Chapter 21 Glossary
Primary Productivity
Net Primary Productivity
Biomass
Ecological Pyramid
The rate at which producer convey light energy to chemical en…
The rate of accumulation of producer tissue.
The amount of material that accumulates at a trophic level. (…
A diagram to show the decline in energy or the mass of plant…
Primary Productivity
The rate at which producer convey light energy to chemical en…
Net Primary Productivity
The rate of accumulation of producer tissue.
21 terms
Unit 1 Biology Glossary
Biology
Hypothesis
Theory
Law
The science of life or living matter in all its forms and phe…
A supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
A supposition or a system of ideas intended to explain someth…
A scientific law is a statement based on repeated experimenta…
Biology
The science of life or living matter in all its forms and phe…
Hypothesis
A supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
25 terms
Unit 2 Biology Glossary
Abiotic Factor
Biodiversity
Biomass
Biome
A nonliving condition or thing, as climate or habitat, that i…
Diversity among and within plant and animal species in an env…
The amount of living matter in a given habitat, expressed eit…
A complex biotic community characterized by distinctive plant…
Abiotic Factor
A nonliving condition or thing, as climate or habitat, that i…
Biodiversity
Diversity among and within plant and animal species in an env…
27 terms
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 17 GLOSSARY
Adaptive
Associative learning (Classical Condit…
Behaviour
Chemical Communication
the allowance to acclimatise (adapt to) changes in an organis…
Classical Conditioning is a simple form of learning, which oc…
Co-ordinated activities of an animal that are produced in res…
communication between cells by the release of chemicals that…
Adaptive
the allowance to acclimatise (adapt to) changes in an organis…
Associative learning (Classical Condit…
Classical Conditioning is a simple form of learning, which oc…
1,069 terms
Cell Molecular Biology Lodish Glossary
ABC transporter proteins
Acetyl
Acetyl CoA
Acetylcholine receptor
Membrane transport proteins that use ATP to transfer peptides…
CH3-C=O Functional group derived from acetic acid. Added to s…
Acetyl + CoA through a tioester group. Water-soluble molecule…
Membrane bound protein (ion channel) that when bound to acety…
ABC transporter proteins
Membrane transport proteins that use ATP to transfer peptides…
Acetyl
CH3-C=O Functional group derived from acetic acid. Added to s…
309 terms
IB HL Biology Glossary
Activation energy
Active site
Active transport
Adenine
Energy a substrate molecule must have before it can undergo a…
Region of enzyme molecule where substrate molecule binds
Movement of substances across a membrane involving a carrier…
A purine organic base, found in the coenzymes ATP and NADP an…
Activation energy
Energy a substrate molecule must have before it can undergo a…
Active site
Region of enzyme molecule where substrate molecule binds
32 terms
Plants Glossary - Biology Edexcel
Active Transport
Cellulose Cell Wall
Chlorophyll
Chloroplast
Movement of molecules into the cell using energy from respira…
Rigid outer wall of a plant cell. It gives the cell strength.
Protein in a plant cell that captures energy from sunlight. I…
Structure found inside the plant cell cytoplasm where photosy…
Active Transport
Movement of molecules into the cell using energy from respira…
Cellulose Cell Wall
Rigid outer wall of a plant cell. It gives the cell strength.
104 terms
Nat 4 Glossary: Cell Biology
Theories
Thymine
Tissue
Tissue culture
a group of scientific ideas which are generally accepted as b…
organic base contained within DNA
a group of identical cells
growing animal or plant cells in suitable conditions in a lab…
Theories
a group of scientific ideas which are generally accepted as b…
Thymine
organic base contained within DNA
48 terms
Year 10 Biology-Glossary
DNA
Gene
Allele
Chromosome
Deoxyribonucleic Acid... Deoxyribose sugar and phosphate
A section of DNA that carries the genetic code for a particul…
Different forms of the same gene
thread like structure in the nucleus ... composed of DNA and pro…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid... Deoxyribose sugar and phosphate
Gene
A section of DNA that carries the genetic code for a particul…
30 terms
Biology Glossary chapter 3
autotroph
carotenoids
mitochondria
photosynthesis
An organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
Any of the pigment molecules, typically yellow, red, and oran…
A spherical or elongated organelle in the cytoplasm of nearly…
By which carbon dioxide, water and certain inorganic salts ar…
autotroph
An organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
carotenoids
Any of the pigment molecules, typically yellow, red, and oran…
37 terms
Unit 3 Biology Glossary
Charles Darwin
Evolution
Homologous structures
Adaptation
A naturalist and geologist most well known for his contributi…
Change in the gene pool of a population from generation to ge…
homology is the existence of shared ancestry between a pair o…
Any alteration in the structure or function of an organism or…
Charles Darwin
A naturalist and geologist most well known for his contributi…
Evolution
Change in the gene pool of a population from generation to ge…
29 terms
Biology Glossary chapter 1
plasma membrane
fluid mosaic model
solute concentration
selectively permeable
A microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins which forms the…
A model that describes the structure of cell membranes. In th…
Is the amount of solutes and particles that are dissolved in…
All cells are enclosed with a cell membrane. A selectively pe…
plasma membrane
A microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins which forms the…
fluid mosaic model
A model that describes the structure of cell membranes. In th…
27 terms
Biology Glossary chapter 2
cell
mitochondrion
enzymes
cell theory
The smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, w…
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
A substance produced by a living organism which acts as a cat…
Cell theory is a scientific theory which describes the proper…
cell
The smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, w…
mitochondrion
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
31 terms
Biology : Chapter 20 Glossary
australopithecus
bacterial resistance
bipedal
Cro Magnon people
group of early, robust hominin fossils from Africa dated to 4…
the capacity of bacteria to withstand the effects of antibiot…
walking on two feet
Homo sapiens from the archeological deposits of the Stone Age…
australopithecus
group of early, robust hominin fossils from Africa dated to 4…
bacterial resistance
the capacity of bacteria to withstand the effects of antibiot…
Biology - Chapter 20 Glossary
Australopithecus
Bipedal
Cro Magnon
Cultural Evolution
Group of early, robust hominin fossils from Africa; dated to…
Walk on two feet
Homosapien from the archaeological deposits of the stone age…
The accumulated knowledge that is passed onto the next genera…
Australopithecus
Group of early, robust hominin fossils from Africa; dated to…
Bipedal
Walk on two feet
Biology - Chapter 14 Glossary
Allele
Back-cross
Co-dominance
Di-hybrid Cross
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of…
A cross between an F1 offspring and one of its parents or wit…
A pattern of inheritance in which the phenotypic effect of tw…
An instrument similar to a Punnett Square. It's used to deter…
Allele
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of…
Back-cross
A cross between an F1 offspring and one of its parents or wit…
Biology - Chapter 13 Glossary
Allele
Autosomes
Carcinogen
Chromatid
An alternative form of a gene
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Any agent capable of causing cancer
One of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits d…
Allele
An alternative form of a gene
Autosomes
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
25 terms
Biology : Chapter 17 Glossary
amino acid sequencing
analogous structures
biogenentic law
bioinformatics
method of determining the order of amino acids in a protein
Structures of different species having similar or correspondi…
features common to all members of an animal group develop ear…
using mathematical, statistical and computing methods to solv…
amino acid sequencing
method of determining the order of amino acids in a protein
analogous structures
Structures of different species having similar or correspondi…
Biology - Chapter 17 Glossary
Amino Acid Sequencing
Analogous Features
Bio-geography
Chloroplast DNA
Method of determining the order of amino acids in a protein
Features (such as organs) in relatively unrelated species tha…
The study of geographic distribution of organisations
Circular DNA found in chloroplasts
Amino Acid Sequencing
Method of determining the order of amino acids in a protein
Analogous Features
Features (such as organs) in relatively unrelated species tha…
35 terms
Biology : Chapter 12 Glossary
anaphase
apoptosis
binary fission
cell cycle
the fourth stage in mitosis or meiosis, in which the chromoso…
programmed cell death; process of cell suicide that involes a…
a type of cell division of prokaryotes where two daughter cel…
the continuous cycle of cell divison and growth
anaphase
the fourth stage in mitosis or meiosis, in which the chromoso…
apoptosis
programmed cell death; process of cell suicide that involes a…
25 terms
Biology: Chapter 18 Glossary
adaptation
adapted
allele frequency
artificial selection
inherited character that increases the likelihood of survival…
When the features of an organism help it to survive in a habi…
percentage of a population that carries a particular form of…
Selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the na…
adaptation
inherited character that increases the likelihood of survival…
adapted
When the features of an organism help it to survive in a habi…
17 terms
Biology chapter glossary
centriole
cell plate
cell cycle
reproduction
a minute cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cel…
A double membrane across the midline of a dividing plant cell…
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a eukaryotic cel…
The process by which living things produce new individuals of…
centriole
a minute cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cel…
cell plate
A double membrane across the midline of a dividing plant cell…
24 terms
Biology : Chapter 14 Glossary
allele
backcross
codominance
complete dominance
an alternative form of a gene
a cross between an F1 offspring and one of its parents, or wi…
the occurrence of a phenotype in the heterozygote that result…
observable characteristic(s) that is observed in the heterozy…
allele
an alternative form of a gene
backcross
a cross between an F1 offspring and one of its parents, or wi…
22 terms
Biology : Chapter 19 Glossary
adaptive radiation
allopatric speciation
background extinction
behavioural isolation
rapid divergence of an evolutionary linage from a recent comm…
the physical isolation of populations that begins the process…
average rate of natural loss of species over time
reproductive isolation of a species when behaviour prevents d…
adaptive radiation
rapid divergence of an evolutionary linage from a recent comm…
allopatric speciation
the physical isolation of populations that begins the process…
39 terms
Biology : Chapter 16 Glossary
absolute dating
amber
biogeographic regions
biogeography
atempting to put a numerical date on the fossil, rock or biol…
A hard yellowish to brownish translucent fossil resin
Subdivide earth on basis of geographic distributions of relat…
the study of the distribution of organisms. distribution patt…
absolute dating
atempting to put a numerical date on the fossil, rock or biol…
amber
A hard yellowish to brownish translucent fossil resin
Biology - Chapter 16 Glossary
Absolute Dating
Bio-geography
Evolution
Fossil
Determining the age of a rock distinctly using radiometric te…
The study of the geographic distribution of organisms
Cumulative genetic change in the population from a broad rang…
The preserved remains or traces of organisms from the past fo…
Absolute Dating
Determining the age of a rock distinctly using radiometric te…
Bio-geography
The study of the geographic distribution of organisms
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