Study sets matching "biology glossary"

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Study sets matching "biology glossary"

17 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Chapter 21 Bio Vocab All Glossary (17 Words)
Genomics
Bioinformatics
Human Genome Project
Whole-genome shotgun approach
the systematic study of whole sets of genes and their interac…
The use of computers, software, and mathematical models to pr…
An international collaborative effort to map and sequence the…
Procedure for genome sequencing in which the genome is random…
Genomics
the systematic study of whole sets of genes and their interac…
Bioinformatics
The use of computers, software, and mathematical models to pr…
15 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Glossary Terms
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Action Potential
A nerve cell, consisting of a cell body, dendrites, and an axon
A neuronal process that carries electrical signals, usually g…
The usually single, long process of a nerve cell that propaga…
An electrical signal that propagates along the membrane of a…
Neuron
A nerve cell, consisting of a cell body, dendrites, and an axon
Dendrite
A neuronal process that carries electrical signals, usually g…
14 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology glossary ch.5 2/2
LARYNX
EPIGLOTTIS
CARTILAGE
ALVEOLI
the hollow muscular organ forming an air passage to the lungs…
A flap of skin that covers the larynx when you swallow food e…
A softer kind of bone that keeps your body together. Your ear…
Tiny air-sacks. The gas exchange happens here
LARYNX
the hollow muscular organ forming an air passage to the lungs…
EPIGLOTTIS
A flap of skin that covers the larynx when you swallow food e…
13 termscreated on January 16, 2017
Biology glossary ch.5 1/2
RESPIRATION
ATP
AEROBIC RESPIRATION
ANAEROBIC RESPIRATION
The release of energy in cells.
Adenosine Triphosphate
Takes place in the mitochondria in the presence of oxygen.
Takes place in the cytoplasm without the presence of oxygen.
RESPIRATION
The release of energy in cells.
ATP
Adenosine Triphosphate
16 termscreated on January 15, 2017
Chapter 21 Bio Vocab All Glossary
Genomics
Bioinformatics
Human Genome Project
Whole-genome shotgun approach
the systematic study of whole sets of genes and their interac…
The use of computers, software, and mathematical models to pr…
An international collaborative effort to map and sequence the…
Procedure for genome sequencing in which the genome is random…
Genomics
the systematic study of whole sets of genes and their interac…
Bioinformatics
The use of computers, software, and mathematical models to pr…
33 termscreated on January 15, 2017
ACT/Regents Biology Vocab A (2)
amnion
amniotic fluid
amylase
a membrane that surrounds the embryo in many animal species a…
the fluid between the amnion membrane that bathes the develop…
an enzyme specific for the hydrolysis of starch
amnion
a membrane that surrounds the embryo in many animal species a…
amniotic fluid
the fluid between the amnion membrane that bathes the develop…
417 termscreated on January 14, 2017
Barron's SAT Biology Glossary
Abiotic Factors
Abscisic acid (ABA)
Accessory pigments
Acoelomate
Nonliving factors in an ecosystem
Plant hormone that inhibits growth
(Also Antennae) Molecules that assist in photosynthesis by ca…
An animal that has no true coelom; ex: flatworms
Abiotic Factors
Nonliving factors in an ecosystem
Abscisic acid (ABA)
Plant hormone that inhibits growth
50 termscreated on January 14, 2017
Glossary 1. 2017
salsa dancing
bungee jumping
stamp collecting
knitting
definition: a type of Latin American big-band dance music... *se…
definition: a sport in which a participant jumps from a high…
definition: when someone save the stamps and collect every st…
definition: knitted work or the process of producing it... *sent…
salsa dancing
definition: a type of Latin American big-band dance music... *se…
bungee jumping
definition: a sport in which a participant jumps from a high…
20 termscreated on January 12, 2017
Cognates
clase
no
describir
correcto
class
no
describe
correct
clase
class
no
no
77 termscreated on January 12, 2017
BIOLOGY GLOSSARY OF DEFENITIONS
AEROBIC
ANAEROBIC
ATP
BREATHING
Requires oxygen
Can occur without oxygen
A chemical that is used to store energy inside cells (tempora…
The process of inhailing and exhailing air
AEROBIC
Requires oxygen
ANAEROBIC
Can occur without oxygen
18 termscreated on January 12, 2017
unit 6 glossary stem
Climate change:
Ecological footprint:
Ecology:
Economy:
Change in the statistical properties of the climate system wh…
A measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems. It compa…
The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
The wealth and resources of a country or region, esp. in term…
Climate change:
Change in the statistical properties of the climate system wh…
Ecological footprint:
A measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems. It compa…
18 termscreated on January 12, 2017
unit 6 glossary stem
Climate change:
Ecological footprint:
Ecology:
Economy:
Change in the statistical properties of the climate system wh…
A measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems. It compa…
The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
The wealth and resources of a country or region, esp. in term…
Climate change:
Change in the statistical properties of the climate system wh…
Ecological footprint:
A measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems. It compa…
18 termscreated on January 12, 2017
STEM Unit 6 Glossary
Climate change:
Ecological footprint:
Ecology:
Economy:
Change in the statistical properties of the climate system wh…
A measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems. It compa…
The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
The wealth and resources of a country or region, esp. in term…
Climate change:
Change in the statistical properties of the climate system wh…
Ecological footprint:
A measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems. It compa…
18 termscreated on January 12, 2017
unit 6 glossary stem
Climate change:
Ecological footprint:
Ecology:
Economy:
Change in the statistical properties of the climate system wh…
A measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems. It compa…
The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
The wealth and resources of a country or region, esp. in term…
Climate change:
Change in the statistical properties of the climate system wh…
Ecological footprint:
A measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems. It compa…
18 termscreated on January 12, 2017
unit 6 glossary stem
Climate change:
Ecological footprint:
Ecology:
Economy:
Change in the statistical properties of the climate system wh…
A measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems. It compa…
The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
The wealth and resources of a country or region, esp. in term…
Climate change:
Change in the statistical properties of the climate system wh…
Ecological footprint:
A measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems. It compa…
19 termscreated on January 12, 2017
Biology glossary 2.1-2.3
Unicellular animal
Bilayerd animal
Complex animal
Plantigrade
An animal that consists of one cell and has no tissues,organs…
Organism that is only two cell layers thick
A complex animal need specialised organs to preform the neces…
Animals that walk on their whole foot
Unicellular animal
An animal that consists of one cell and has no tissues,organs…
Bilayerd animal
Organism that is only two cell layers thick
12 termscreated on January 11, 2017
GLOSSARY 3.1
endoskeleton
internal skeleton
spicules
ossicles
inwendig skelet internal skeleton; a skeleton on the... inside…
inwendig skelet endoskeleton; a skeleton on the inside... of th…
Naalden needels: any of the small needle-like anatomical ... st…
kalk plaatjes small plates made of calcium phosphate... that fo…
endoskeleton
inwendig skelet internal skeleton; a skeleton on the... inside…
internal skeleton
inwendig skelet endoskeleton; a skeleton on the inside... of th…
23 termscreated on January 10, 2017
Glossary of Anatomical Terms
Afferent
Alveolus
Articulate
Bifurcate
Nerve fiber or blood vessel that "carries toward" a structure…
Pit, sac or socket, "a hollow"
A joining as in a joint, to bind or make tight
To divide into two branches, "fork"
Afferent
Nerve fiber or blood vessel that "carries toward" a structure…
Alveolus
Pit, sac or socket, "a hollow"
107 termscreated on January 10, 2017
AP Bio Glossary Vocab (G3 - G4)
artificial selection
asexual reproduction
associative learning
aster
the selective breeding of domesticated plants and animals to…
the generation of offspring form a single parent that occurs…
the acquired ability to associate one environmental feature (…
a radial array of short microtubules that extends from each c…
artificial selection
the selective breeding of domesticated plants and animals to…
asexual reproduction
the generation of offspring form a single parent that occurs…
30 termscreated on January 10, 2017
ACT/Regents Biology Vocab A (1)
abiotic factor
absorption
accessory organ
acid
any of several nonliving, physical conditions that affect the…
the process by which water and dissolved solids, liquids, and…
any organ that has a digestive function but is not part of th…
a chemical that releases hydrogen ion (H+) in solution with w…
abiotic factor
any of several nonliving, physical conditions that affect the…
absorption
the process by which water and dissolved solids, liquids, and…
69 termscreated on January 10, 2017
Book 3 Glossary Terms - Biology
abductor
absorption
acetylcholine
acrosome
a muscle that moves a limb away from the center of the body
the process by which substances are taken up into or across t…
a neurotransmitter found throughout the nervous system (somat…
the large vesicle at the head of a sperm cell containing enzy…
abductor
a muscle that moves a limb away from the center of the body
absorption
the process by which substances are taken up into or across t…
155 termscreated on January 10, 2017
Keystone Exams: Biology Glossary
Abiotic
Active Transport
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Adhesion
A term that describes a nonliving factor in an ecosystem.
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
The intermolecular attraction between unlike molecules. Capil…
Abiotic
A term that describes a nonliving factor in an ecosystem.
Active Transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
9 termscreated on January 10, 2017
Life on Earth Glossary
Habitat
Population
Community
Species
Where an organism lives
All the members of one species living in a habitat
All the plants, animals, and microorganismes living in a habi…
A group of organisms that can breed to produce fertile offspr…
Habitat
Where an organism lives
Population
All the members of one species living in a habitat
42 termscreated on January 9, 2017
Genetics Glossary
Karyotype
Diploid
Haploid
Polypoidy
an array of chromosomes created by photographing the metaphas…
diploid nucleus contains two sets of chromosomes (two of each…
a haploid nucleus contains a single set of chromosomes
polyploids contain more than two sets of chromosomes in each…
Karyotype
an array of chromosomes created by photographing the metaphas…
Diploid
diploid nucleus contains two sets of chromosomes (two of each…
40 termscreated on January 9, 2017
Glossary of Anatomical Terms
Abduct
Adduct
Afferent
Alvelous
draw away from median line or axis
draw toward median line or axis
nerve fiber or blood vessel that "carries toward" a structure…
pit, sac or socket, "a hollow"
Abduct
draw away from median line or axis
Adduct
draw toward median line or axis
42 termscreated on January 8, 2017
Biology glossary
Active transport
Aquaporins
Bacteria
Carrier proteins
The movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
Also called water channels, special channels made of protein…
microscopic living organisms, usually one-celled that can be…
A protein that transports specific substances through intrace…
Active transport
The movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
Aquaporins
Also called water channels, special channels made of protein…
46 termscreated on January 8, 2017
Course Glossary
3' untranslated region
5-azaC
abscisic acid (ABA)
Absorption spectrum
the nucleotides downstream of the stop codon that is transcri…
the chemical 5-azaC is known to block methylation of mammalia…
a plant hormone secreted in response to desiccation and sever…
displays the amount of light absorbed by a compound over a wi…
3' untranslated region
the nucleotides downstream of the stop codon that is transcri…
5-azaC
the chemical 5-azaC is known to block methylation of mammalia…
2,000 termscreated on January 8, 2017
USABO Master Glossary 1
magnolia blossom
evolution
biology
Order, Regulation, Energy Processing,…
A tree of ancient lineage that is native to Asian and America…
the process of change that has transformed life on Earth from…
the scientific study of life
The seven signs of life
magnolia blossom
A tree of ancient lineage that is native to Asian and America…
evolution
the process of change that has transformed life on Earth from…
59 termscreated on January 8, 2017
Mrs Cook Biology Glossary
Hypothesis
Data Table
Purpose question
Meniscus
Your prediction of the outcome of the investigation
A representation of data from an experiment
The questioned asked before the investigation and the questio…
The lowest point within the graduated cylinder
Hypothesis
Your prediction of the outcome of the investigation
Data Table
A representation of data from an experiment
20 termscreated on January 8, 2017
Biology glossary 2.1-2.3
Unicellular animal
Bilayered animal
Complex animal
Plantigrade
An animal that consists of 1 cell
It does not have specialized organs for reproduction
They need specialized organs to perform the necessary functio…
Animals that walk on their whole foot
Unicellular animal
An animal that consists of 1 cell
Bilayered animal
It does not have specialized organs for reproduction
254 termscreated on January 8, 2017
biology glossary
aminoacylase
abiotic factors
abscission
acetyl coenzyme A
enzyme used to produce pure samples of L-amino acids
non-living conditions in a habitat
the fall of leaves
molecule that enters the Krebs cycle from glycolysis through…
aminoacylase
enzyme used to produce pure samples of L-amino acids
abiotic factors
non-living conditions in a habitat
16 termscreated on January 8, 2017
Biology Glossary Terms
Abdomen
Active site
Active transport
Adaptation
The lower region of the body. In humans it contains the diges…
The site on an enzyme where the reactants bind.
The movement of substances against a concentration gradient a…
Special feature that makes an organism particularly well suit…
Abdomen
The lower region of the body. In humans it contains the diges…
Active site
The site on an enzyme where the reactants bind.
140 termscreated on January 7, 2017
Campbell' Biology Glossary - E
ecdysozoan
ecdysteroid
echinoderm
ecological footprint
Member of a group of animal phyla identified as a clade by mo…
A steroid hormone, secreted by the prothoracic glands, that t…
A slow-moving or sessile marine deuterostome with a water vas…
The aggregate land and water area required by a person, city,…
ecdysozoan
Member of a group of animal phyla identified as a clade by mo…
ecdysteroid
A steroid hormone, secreted by the prothoracic glands, that t…
83 termscreated on January 7, 2017
Campbell's Biology Glossary - D
diastolic pressure
dicot
differential gene expression
differentiation
Blood pressure in the arteries when the ventricles are relaxed.
A term traditionally used to refer to flowering plants that h…
The expression of different sets of genes by cells with the s…
The process by which a cell or group of cells become speciali…
diastolic pressure
Blood pressure in the arteries when the ventricles are relaxed.
dicot
A term traditionally used to refer to flowering plants that h…
46 termscreated on January 7, 2017
Campbell' Biology Glossary - D
diastolic pressure
dicot
differential gene expression
differentiation
Blood pressure in the arteries when the ventricles are relaxed.
A term traditionally used to refer to flowering plants that h…
The expression of different sets of genes by cells with the s…
The process by which a cell or group of cells become speciali…
diastolic pressure
Blood pressure in the arteries when the ventricles are relaxed.
dicot
A term traditionally used to refer to flowering plants that h…
212 termscreated on January 7, 2017
Campbell's Biology Glossary - C
C3 plant
C4 plant
calcitonin
callus
A plant that uses the Calvin cycle for the initial steps that…
A plant in which the Calvin cycle is preceded by reactions th…
A hormone secreted by the thyroid gland that lowers blood cal…
A mass of dividing, undifferentiated cells growing in culture.
C3 plant
A plant that uses the Calvin cycle for the initial steps that…
C4 plant
A plant in which the Calvin cycle is preceded by reactions th…
154 termscreated on January 7, 2017
Campbell's Biology Glossary - A
5′ cap
A site
ABC hypothesis
abiotic
A modified form of guanine nucleotide added onto the 5′ end o…
One of a ribosome's three binding sites for tRNA during trans…
A model of flower formation identifying three classes of orga…
Nonliving; referring to the physical and chemical properties…
5′ cap
A modified form of guanine nucleotide added onto the 5′ end o…
A site
One of a ribosome's three binding sites for tRNA during trans…
12 termscreated on January 6, 2017
cells glossary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
-all organisms are made of cells... -all cells are produced by o…
jelly-like substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane bound structure that is specialized to preform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other memebrane bound or…
cell theory
-all organisms are made of cells... -all cells are produced by o…
cytoplasm
jelly-like substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
16 termscreated on January 6, 2017
cell cycle and genetics glossary
cell cycle
chromatin
chromosome
histone
Pattern of growth, DNA replication,, and cell division that o…
loose combination of DNA and proteins that is present during…
long continuous thread of DNA that is tightly compacted. Pres…
a protein that is twisted around to make chromatin
cell cycle
Pattern of growth, DNA replication,, and cell division that o…
chromatin
loose combination of DNA and proteins that is present during…
95 termscreated on January 6, 2017
AP Bio Glossary Vocab (G1-G2)
5' cap
A site
ABC hypothesis
abiotic
A modified form of guanine nucleotide added onto the end of a…
One of the ribosome's three binding sites for tRNA during tra…
A model of flower formation identifying three classes of orga…
Nonliving; referring to the physical and chemical properties…
5' cap
A modified form of guanine nucleotide added onto the end of a…
A site
One of the ribosome's three binding sites for tRNA during tra…
27 termscreated on January 6, 2017
Chapter 1 Glossary
Atom
biology
biosphere
cell
A basic unit of matter that cannont be broken down
study of living organisms and interactions with one another
collection of all ecosystems
smallest fundamental whole unit of life
Atom
A basic unit of matter that cannont be broken down
biology
study of living organisms and interactions with one another
78 termscreated on January 5, 2017
Science Biology Glossary Semester 1 Final Prep
observations
scientific models
inferences
vernier
by using your senses, you take in the object/place/etc and re…
any testable idea, a set of ideas that explain a natural phen…
having previous knowledge on a subject and being able to make…
the upper scale on the dial-a-gram balance scale. it is used…
observations
by using your senses, you take in the object/place/etc and re…
scientific models
any testable idea, a set of ideas that explain a natural phen…
41 termscreated on January 4, 2017
AP Psychology G1-G7 (Part 2)
Audition
Autism
Automatic processing
Autonomic nervous system
Sense or act of hearing
A disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by deficie…
Unconscious encoding of incidental information
Part of the peripheral nervous system that controls the gland…
Audition
Sense or act of hearing
Autism
A disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by deficie…
125 termscreated on January 4, 2017
OCR GCE Biology A2 Glossary
Alpha cells
Acetylcholine
Acetylcholinesterase
Actin
Cells in the islets of Langerhans that release glucagon in re…
A neurotransmitter (transmitter substance) found in cholinerg…
An enzyme in the synaptic cleft that breaks down the transmit…
A protein found in muscle cells. It is the main component of…
Alpha cells
Cells in the islets of Langerhans that release glucagon in re…
Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter (transmitter substance) found in cholinerg…
18 termscreated on January 4, 2017
Biology Glossary
Autotrophic
Heterotrophic
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
An organism that is able to produce its own organic material…
An organism that relies on other organisms for growth and res…
Inferior cell type
Superior cell type
Autotrophic
An organism that is able to produce its own organic material…
Heterotrophic
An organism that relies on other organisms for growth and res…
34 termscreated on January 3, 2017
BIO GLOSSARY CHAPTER 3
Activation energy
Active site AKA. Substrate-binding site
Allosteric site (non-competitive inhib…
Anabolism (type of metabolism)
Energy required to start a chemical reaction
• specific region of an enzyme where a substrate binds and ca…
• The place on an enzyme where a molecule that is not a subst…
• Cellular reactions in which simpler substances are combined…
Activation energy
Energy required to start a chemical reaction
Active site AKA. Substrate-binding site
• specific region of an enzyme where a substrate binds and ca…
36 termscreated on January 2, 2017
Biology Glossary (D, E, F)
Daughter strand
Dehydration reaction
Deoxyribose
Desmosome
the newly made DNA strand synthesized using the original DNA…
a reaction that creates a covalent bond to join two smaller m…
one of the three parts of a DNA nucleotide; bonded to both ph…
protein connections between adjacent animal cells; hold cells…
Daughter strand
the newly made DNA strand synthesized using the original DNA…
Dehydration reaction
a reaction that creates a covalent bond to join two smaller m…
46 termscreated on January 2, 2017
Biology Glossary (B, C)
Base
Base (nucleic acid)
Buffer
Capsule
a substance that absorbs hydrogen ions in an aqueous solution…
one of the three parts of a nucleotide; a nitrogen-containing…
a solution that can quickly absorb excess H+ ions (preventing…
a layer surrounding the cell wall of many bacteria; slows bac…
Base
a substance that absorbs hydrogen ions in an aqueous solution…
Base (nucleic acid)
one of the three parts of a nucleotide; a nitrogen-containing…
24 termscreated on January 2, 2017
Biology Glossary (A)
A site
Acetyl-CoA
Acid
Activation energy
one of 3 sites for tRNA binding in the ribosome during transl…
a 2-carbon molecule that is formed as pyruvate is broken down…
a substance that releases hydrogen ions in an aqueous solutio…
the amount of initial energy necessary for any chemical react…
A site
one of 3 sites for tRNA binding in the ribosome during transl…
Acetyl-CoA
a 2-carbon molecule that is formed as pyruvate is broken down…
92 termscreated on January 2, 2017
GCSE Biology Revision Glossary
Active transport
Adaptation
Aerobic respiration
AIDs
the process in which energy is used to move the particles of…
any characteristics of an organism that improves its chances…
respiration which happens with oxygen
an abbreviation for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Active transport
the process in which energy is used to move the particles of…
Adaptation
any characteristics of an organism that improves its chances…
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