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Study sets matching "biology glossary"

11 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Biology glossary 2.5
echolocation / bio sonar
eyeshine
herd
infrasound
echo locatie biological sonar used by animals, they... emit ult…
tapetum lucidum / reflecterende ogen reflecting layer... of tis…
kudde social group of certain animals of the same ... species,…
infra geluid very low pitch sounds, that humans can't... hear
echolocation / bio sonar
echo locatie biological sonar used by animals, they... emit ult…
eyeshine
tapetum lucidum / reflecterende ogen reflecting layer... of tis…
15 termscreated on December 5, 2016
>-< hi.db
horrible
glossary
realize
work as
kinh khủng<br /><img src="Q6mdgukTIF44zz0LQZsdqQ_m.jpg"/>
Thuật ngữ<br /><img src="9NdqDqWKe.i4w9d7gjmbEg_m.jpg"/>
nhận ra<br /><img src="KCGK2pLKqZM6FIuI_RZjbg_m.jpg"/>
làm việc như là<br /><img src="8zV2YoDhoXw9kHmntLGyiA_m.gif"/>
horrible
kinh khủng<br /><img src="Q6mdgukTIF44zz0LQZsdqQ_m.jpg"/>
glossary
Thuật ngữ<br /><img src="9NdqDqWKe.i4w9d7gjmbEg_m.jpg"/>
9 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Enzymes and Digestion Glossary
Enzyme
Substrate
Active site
Amylase
Catalysed reactions in cells and is not used up. Specific to…
The molecule that reacts with the enzyme and fits the active…
The site the substrate fits into to react with the enzyme
Enzyme that breaks down starches
Enzyme
Catalysed reactions in cells and is not used up. Specific to…
Substrate
The molecule that reacts with the enzyme and fits the active…
9 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology glossary 2.4
adaptation
buccal pumping
gill arche
gill cover
aanpassing improvements on an existing function ... synonym: ad…
keelademhaling method of ventilation in which the... animal use…
kieuwboog bony loops which support the gills in fish
kieuwdeksel valve that closes off the gills
adaptation
aanpassing improvements on an existing function ... synonym: ad…
buccal pumping
keelademhaling method of ventilation in which the... animal use…
15 termscreated on December 4, 2016
>-< hi
horrible
glossary
realize
work as
kinh khủng
Thuật ngữ
nhận ra
làm việc như là
horrible
kinh khủng
glossary
Thuật ngữ
555 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Glossary (Essentials of Biology, Mader and Windelspecht)
Abscisic acid
abscission
acetylcholine (ACh)
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE)
Plant hormone that causes sotma to close, initiates and maint…
Dropping of leaves, fruits, or flowers from a plant
Neurotransmitter active in both the peripheral and central ne…
Enzyme that breaks down acetylcholine with a synapse
Abscisic acid
Plant hormone that causes sotma to close, initiates and maint…
abscission
Dropping of leaves, fruits, or flowers from a plant
7 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Biology Glossary
Abiotic
Acetylcholine
Action potential
Actin
An ecological factor that makes up part of the non-biological…
One of a group of chemicals called neurotransmitters released…
Change that occurs in the electrical charge across the membra…
Filamentous protein involved in contraction within cells (esp…
Abiotic
An ecological factor that makes up part of the non-biological…
Acetylcholine
One of a group of chemicals called neurotransmitters released…
15 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Edexcel IGCSE: Biological Molecules- Enzymes Glossary
Catalyst
Enzyme
Active site
Substrate
Molecule that speeds up the rate of a reaction but remains un…
A biological catalyst that works in cells to speed up the rat…
An indent in an enzyme into which the substrate fits
The molecule that is acted on by an enzyme
Catalyst
Molecule that speeds up the rate of a reaction but remains un…
Enzyme
A biological catalyst that works in cells to speed up the rat…
86 termscreated on December 1, 2016
Biology MaB 2
Role of enzymes in metabolism
Chemical composition of enzymes
Structure of enzymes
Specificity of enzymes
Biological catalysts, which increase the rate of a chemical r…
Made up of protein composed of long chains of amino acids joi…
Polypeptide chain is folded into a 3D globular shape. One par…
Each enzyme acts on one substrate only. This is because the s…
Role of enzymes in metabolism
Biological catalysts, which increase the rate of a chemical r…
Chemical composition of enzymes
Made up of protein composed of long chains of amino acids joi…
20 termscreated on December 1, 2016
Glossary Quiz 12 - Biology
producer
product
prokaryote
protein
an organism that captures energy from a primary source, such…
an atom, molecule, or compound that results from a chemical r…
an organism whose cells lack a nucleus and a membrane-bound o…
a large organic molecule made up of amino acids, composed mai…
producer
an organism that captures energy from a primary source, such…
product
an atom, molecule, or compound that results from a chemical r…
11 termscreated on December 1, 2016
Plant transport glossary
Evaporation
Lignin
Mineral salts
Omnivore
The process in which a liquid turns into a gas
Hard cellulose-like substance which gives rigidity to plant t…
Inorganic chemical compounds
An animal which feeds on both plants and animals
Evaporation
The process in which a liquid turns into a gas
Lignin
Hard cellulose-like substance which gives rigidity to plant t…
15 termscreated on December 1, 2016
Respiration and photosynthesis glossary
Anaerobic respiration
ATP
Chlorophyll
Energy
Respiration that occurs in the absence of sufficient oxygen.…
High energy chemical used in cells as an energy store
Green chemical inside chloroplasts. Enables photosynthesis to…
Released in respiration and required for virtually all metabo…
Anaerobic respiration
Respiration that occurs in the absence of sufficient oxygen.…
ATP
High energy chemical used in cells as an energy store
35 termscreated on December 1, 2016
Diet and digestion glossary
Absorption
Amino acids
Amylase
Assimilation
Uptake of digested food molecules from the gut into the body…
Molecules which form the building-blocks of proteins
Enzyme that digests starch (to glucose), produced by both sal…
Incorporation of the products of digestion into the body, whe…
Absorption
Uptake of digested food molecules from the gut into the body…
Amino acids
Molecules which form the building-blocks of proteins
17 termscreated on December 1, 2016
Breathing glossary
Alveoli
Bronchi
Bronchioles
Carbon dioxide
Tiny air sacs in the lungs with very thin membranes and a lar…
Two major air tubes, one leading to each lung
The many small, branching tubes from the bronchi to the alveoli
Gaseous compound of carbon and oxygen which is a by-product o…
Alveoli
Tiny air sacs in the lungs with very thin membranes and a lar…
Bronchi
Two major air tubes, one leading to each lung
15 termscreated on November 30, 2016
Biology Glossary
Centrioles
Chloroplast
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
A pair of small cylindrical structures composed of microtubul…
Found in some plant cells; a green organelle (due to the pres…
The contents of a cell, other than the nucleus. It is more th…
The fluid component of cytoplasm, in which organelles are loc…
Centrioles
A pair of small cylindrical structures composed of microtubul…
Chloroplast
Found in some plant cells; a green organelle (due to the pres…
101 termscreated on November 30, 2016
Biology - MaB Glossary
Active site
Active transport
Adaptation
Acidic
The surface of an enzyme where the catalysed reaction occurs.
Movement of substances across a membrane that requires the ex…
A feature of an organism that makes the organism suited to it…
Relating to a substance that releases hydrogen ions in water.…
Active site
The surface of an enzyme where the catalysed reaction occurs.
Active transport
Movement of substances across a membrane that requires the ex…
90 termscreated on November 30, 2016
Latin Roots
A
Ab
Able
Ac
Not; without: lacking... Abiotic
Away from; out from... Absorb
Capable of... Liable
To;toward... Actual
A
Not; without: lacking... Abiotic
Ab
Away from; out from... Absorb
37 termscreated on November 30, 2016
Cells and classification glossary
Animal kingdom
Active transport
Animal cell
Bacteria
Kingdom of organisms which can (usually) move around but cann…
The process by which dissolved molecules (solutes) move acros…
Animal cells have a nucleus but do NOT have cell walls or chl…
Single-celled micro-organisms with no nucleus. Most are benef…
Animal kingdom
Kingdom of organisms which can (usually) move around but cann…
Active transport
The process by which dissolved molecules (solutes) move acros…
22 termscreated on November 30, 2016
Glossary of key words and terms for Cell Division and Genetics
Allele
Chromosome
Codominance
Continuous variation
any two or more alternative forms of a gene
a thread of DNA, made up of a string of genes
a situation in which both alleles in a heterozygote have an e…
differences in features in which there are no definite catego…
Allele
any two or more alternative forms of a gene
Chromosome
a thread of DNA, made up of a string of genes
14 termscreated on November 29, 2016
Unit 1 and 2 Biology Keystone Glossary Vocabulary
Endosymbiosis
Nucleus
Organ System
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
A theorized process in which early eukaryotic cells were form…
A membrane-bound organelle in eukaryotic cells functioning to…
An anatomical system composed of a group of organs that work…
A biological macromolecule that encodes the genetic informati…
Endosymbiosis
A theorized process in which early eukaryotic cells were form…
Nucleus
A membrane-bound organelle in eukaryotic cells functioning to…
200 termscreated on November 29, 2016
HESI; Glossary vocab
Abstract
Acceleration
Acid
Adjective
noun The name of a quality or a general idea (e.g., persisten…
The rate of change in velocity over a period of time.
A compound that is a hydrogen or proton donor. It is corrosiv…
A word, phrase, or clause that modifies a noun (the biology b…
Abstract
noun The name of a quality or a general idea (e.g., persisten…
Acceleration
The rate of change in velocity over a period of time.
8 termscreated on November 28, 2016
Year 10 History: The Environment Movement: 60s & 70s: Vocabulary
biodiversity
biosphere
ecology
ecosystem
The variety of life forms in an ecosystem.
Parts of the Earth that support living organisms: the atmosph…
The branch of biology that studies the interaction of organis…
A community of organisms interacting with each other and thei…
biodiversity
The variety of life forms in an ecosystem.
biosphere
Parts of the Earth that support living organisms: the atmosph…
16 termscreated on November 28, 2016
BIOL 1112 - Test 5 - Ch 21 - Conservation and Biodiversity - Glossary Download for free at: http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/concepts-of-biology/get
biodiversity hotspot
biodiversity
bush meat
chemical diversity
a concept originated by Norman Myers to describe a geographic…
the variety of a biological system, typically conceived as th…
a wild-caught animal used as food (typically mammals, birds,…
the variety of metabolic compounds in an ecosystem
biodiversity hotspot
a concept originated by Norman Myers to describe a geographic…
biodiversity
the variety of a biological system, typically conceived as th…
57 termscreated on November 28, 2016
BIOL 1112 - Test 5 - Ch 20 - Ecosystems and the Biosphere - Glossary Download for free at: http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/concepts-of-biology/get
abyssal zone
acid rain
algal bloom
apex consumer
the deepest part of the ocean at depths of 4000 m or greater
a corrosive rain caused by rainwater mixing with sulfur dioxi…
a rapid increase of algae in an aquatic system
an organism at the top of the food chain
abyssal zone
the deepest part of the ocean at depths of 4000 m or greater
acid rain
a corrosive rain caused by rainwater mixing with sulfur dioxi…
39 termscreated on November 28, 2016
BIOL 1112 - Test 5 - Ch 19 - Population and Community Ecology - Glossary Download for free at: http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/concepts-of-biology/get
K-selected species
r-selected species
age structure
birth rate
a species suited to stable environments that produce a few, r…
a species suited to changing environments that produce many o…
the distribution of the proportion of population members in e…
the number of births within a population at a specific point…
K-selected species
a species suited to stable environments that produce a few, r…
r-selected species
a species suited to changing environments that produce many o…
16 termscreated on November 28, 2016
Characteristic of living organisms glossary
What do all living things need to foll…
What is respiration?
What is meant by 'sensitivity'?
What is Homeostasis?
MRS H NERG
The chemical process in which glucose is broken down inside t…
Reacting to things around you.
Maintenance of a constant internal environment in the body. (…
What do all living things need to foll…
MRS H NERG
What is respiration?
The chemical process in which glucose is broken down inside t…
34 termscreated on November 27, 2016
Unit 6 Glossary
Chemiosmosis
Electron Transport Chain
Proton Pump
Electrochemical Proton Gradient
Is the movement of ions across the membrane down their electr…
Is a series of compounds that transfers electrons from the do…
Is an integral membrane protein that is capable of moving pro…
This is what determines the direction an ion moves by diffusi…
Chemiosmosis
Is the movement of ions across the membrane down their electr…
Electron Transport Chain
Is a series of compounds that transfers electrons from the do…
21 termscreated on November 25, 2016
BIOLOGY GLOSSARY
Metabolism
Primates
Homeostasis
Cells
A chemical process that happens to a living organism to maint…
Mammals that are distinguished by having feet, hands, and eyes.
The balance in the body.
The structure of a living organism.
Metabolism
A chemical process that happens to a living organism to maint…
Primates
Mammals that are distinguished by having feet, hands, and eyes.
5 termscreated on November 25, 2016
Biology Glossary
Gene
Chromosomes
Allele
Phenotype
Genes are made up of DNA and are shown as strands on a chromo…
Chromosomes are found in the nucleus of the cell. It is made…
Alleles are a different version of the same gene. Alleles can…
Physical appearance
Gene
Genes are made up of DNA and are shown as strands on a chromo…
Chromosomes
Chromosomes are found in the nucleus of the cell. It is made…
16 termscreated on November 24, 2016
ORGANELLES- GLOSSARY WORDS
nucleus
nucleolus
mitochondria
ribosomes
in eukaryotic cells, acts as the "brain" of the cell. contain…
makes ribosomal subunits from proteins and ribosomal RNA (rRN…
powerhouses of the cell, act as a digestive system which take…
organelle where protein production occurs, can be found float…
nucleus
in eukaryotic cells, acts as the "brain" of the cell. contain…
nucleolus
makes ribosomal subunits from proteins and ribosomal RNA (rRN…
15 termscreated on November 24, 2016
Biology Glossary
DNA
Genes
Heredity
Living cells
It carries genetic information. It is what makes a person the…
It is something you inherit from your older family members.
Transfer of genes in families.
What living things are made up of.
DNA
It carries genetic information. It is what makes a person the…
Genes
It is something you inherit from your older family members.
5 termscreated on November 24, 2016
Biology Glossary
Mutation
Semiconservative
Genotype
Mitosis
mutation is the changing of the structure of a gene, that bec…
This is the process in which the original strand of DNA remai…
The combination of alleles which you carry for a particular g…
A type of cell division that splits into to two cells that ha…
Mutation
mutation is the changing of the structure of a gene, that bec…
Semiconservative
This is the process in which the original strand of DNA remai…
5 termscreated on November 24, 2016
Biology Glossary Study Guide
Homeostasis
Metabolism
Genes
Chromosomes
The word means maintaining balance. Our body works all togeth…
The group of Physical and Chemical in an organism where a mat…
A linear sequence of nucleotides which form your DNA, influen…
A bundle of DNA that has a lot of Genes
Homeostasis
The word means maintaining balance. Our body works all togeth…
Metabolism
The group of Physical and Chemical in an organism where a mat…
87 termscreated on November 24, 2016
Biology DP1 Topic 1 Glossary
Actin Filaments
Anaphase
Amphiphatic
Axon
...
...
...
...
Actin Filaments
...
Anaphase
...
24 termscreated on November 23, 2016
Biology Glossary
Osmosis
Tonicity
Hypotonic
Isotonic
A diffusion process in which water flows through a selectivel…
The relative concentration of solutes dissolved in solution w…
A solution with a lower solute concentration and therefore a…
A solution that has the same solute concentration as the solu…
Osmosis
A diffusion process in which water flows through a selectivel…
Tonicity
The relative concentration of solutes dissolved in solution w…
15 termscreated on November 23, 2016
Psychology Glossary
Psychology
Scientific Research
Structuralism
Behaviourism
The scientific study of the human mind and its functions
Performing a methodical study in order to prove a hypothesis…
A method of interpretation and analysis of aspects of human c…
The theory that human and animal behaviour can be explained i…
Psychology
The scientific study of the human mind and its functions
Scientific Research
Performing a methodical study in order to prove a hypothesis…
36 termscreated on November 22, 2016
Molecular Biology Term Glossary
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Carbohydrates
The summary term for all chemical and enzyme aided reactions…
The synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules tha…
The breakdown of foreign, complex nutrients into simpler mole…
A Carbon Compund, The source of all energy, composed of sugar…
Metabolism
The summary term for all chemical and enzyme aided reactions…
Anabolism
The synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules tha…
70 termscreated on November 22, 2016
Psychology Glossary
psychology
behaviour
mental processes
scientific research
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Any observable action made by a living person or animal.
An individuals thoughts and feelings that are personal and ca…
Research based on scientific, assumptions and rules and proce…
psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
behaviour
Any observable action made by a living person or animal.
6 termscreated on November 22, 2016
Biology glossary 1.1
Organism
Organ
Tissue
Cell
Any living thing
Part of the body with a certain function
Cells of the same shape and function
The smallest units of life can together produce fertile offsp…
Organism
Any living thing
Organ
Part of the body with a certain function
23 termscreated on November 22, 2016
Biology Cell Glossary
active transport
carrier protein
concentration gradient
contractile vacuole
the movement of a substance across a cell membrane against a…
a protein that transports specific substances across a biolog…
the difference in concentration of a substance across space
an organelle in protists that expels water
active transport
the movement of a substance across a cell membrane against a…
carrier protein
a protein that transports specific substances across a biolog…
15 termscreated on November 21, 2016
Psychology Glossary
Psychology
Scientific Research
Structuralism
Behaviourism
The scientific study of the human mind including it's functio…
The strict definition is performing a methodical study in ord…
A method of analysis and interpretation of human brain cognit…
The theory that human and animal behaviour can be explained i…
Psychology
The scientific study of the human mind including it's functio…
Scientific Research
The strict definition is performing a methodical study in ord…
22 termscreated on November 21, 2016
GCSE Biology Topic 1 | Cell Biology | Glossary|
nucleus
cell wall
chloroplast
cell membrane
controls growth... reproduction... membrane bound structure... found i…
rigid... protective player... protection... support... structure... found in…
absorbs light energy for photosynthesis ... contains green pigme…
surrounds cytoplasm of cell... protects interior of cell... allows…
nucleus
controls growth... reproduction... membrane bound structure... found i…
cell wall
rigid... protective player... protection... support... structure... found in…
69 termscreated on November 21, 2016
Biology Unit 2 and 3 Glossary
pick up particles in the cell membrane…
required energy from cell which is cre…
plants need to absorb minerals such as…
makes proteins
Carrier proteins
Active transport energy
Plants healthy growth
Ribosomes
pick up particles in the cell membrane…
Carrier proteins
required energy from cell which is cre…
Active transport energy
34 termscreated on November 20, 2016
biology glossary words (transition)
plasma membrane
cytosol
cytoplasma
protoplasm
refers to the boundary of a cell. it acts as a protective bou…
is the intracellular fluid that is present inside the cell
cytosol + the organelles except the nucleus
cytosol + all organelles
plasma membrane
refers to the boundary of a cell. it acts as a protective bou…
cytosol
is the intracellular fluid that is present inside the cell
5 termscreated on November 20, 2016
MCAT Biology and Biochemistry Glossary
5' Cap
A Band
Abductor
Absolute Configuration
A methylated guanine nucleotide added to the 5' end of eukary…
The band of the sarcomere that extends the full length of the…
A muscle that moves a limb away from the center of the body.
The nomenclature system used for the three-dimensional arrang…
5' Cap
A methylated guanine nucleotide added to the 5' end of eukary…
A Band
The band of the sarcomere that extends the full length of the…
18 termscreated on November 20, 2016
Biology glossary 1.3
Ocular
Objective
Eyepiece
Bodytube
The lens that is closest to your eye when you look through a…
The lens that is closest to the object you want to magnify
The place where you look through and it contains the ocular l…
Contains the eyepiece
Ocular
The lens that is closest to your eye when you look through a…
Objective
The lens that is closest to the object you want to magnify
32 termscreated on November 20, 2016
Biology glossary
Organism
Organs
Tissues
Cells
Any living thing
Part of your body with a certain function
Cells of the same shape and function
The smallest unit of life
Organism
Any living thing
Organs
Part of your body with a certain function
26 termscreated on November 19, 2016
Biology Glossary
active transport
carrier protein
concentration gradient
contractile vacuole
the movement of a substance across a cell membrane against a…
a protein that transports specific substances across a biolog…
the difference in concentration of a substance across space
an organelle in protists that expels water
active transport
the movement of a substance across a cell membrane against a…
carrier protein
a protein that transports specific substances across a biolog…
10 termscreated on November 19, 2016
Biology glossary 1.2
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Hereditary
A soft outer covering that controls what goes into and out of…
A gel-like liquid inside every cell where all kinds of chemic…
Controls what the cell does
Something in nucleus in the form of DNA
Cell membrane
A soft outer covering that controls what goes into and out of…
Cytoplasm
A gel-like liquid inside every cell where all kinds of chemic…
22 termscreated on November 18, 2016
Practical Report glossary
hypothesis
variable
independent variable
dependent variable
A general statement giving a possible answer to question or p…
Any factor that may change the results in an experiment.
The variable that is changed by the experimenter- for example…
The variable that the experimenter measures during the experi…
hypothesis
A general statement giving a possible answer to question or p…
variable
Any factor that may change the results in an experiment.
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