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Study sets matching "biology growth development plant structure"

26 terms
Plant Structure, Growth and Development
root
root hairs
stem
nodes
Anchors the plant, absorbs minerals and water, stores carbohy…
Increase surface area for absorption of water and minerals.
An alternating system of nodes and internodes.
Where leaves attach to the stem.
root
Anchors the plant, absorbs minerals and water, stores carbohy…
root hairs
Increase surface area for absorption of water and minerals.
15 terms
Biology: Plant structure, growth, and development
The ability to acquire minerals and li…
Vegetative growth (one stage in a plan…
Eudicot and gymnosperm have a TAPROOT…
Taproot gives rise to LATERAL ROOT
Roots, stems, and leaves
Production of nonreproductive leaves, stems, and roots
Consisting of one main vertical root
Branch roots
The ability to acquire minerals and li…
Roots, stems, and leaves
Vegetative growth (one stage in a plan…
Production of nonreproductive leaves, stems, and roots
47 terms
Plant Structure, Growth and Development
root
stem
buds
axillary bud
Anchors the plant, absorbs minerals and water, stores carbohy…
An alternating system of nodes and internodes.
Young stems
Has potential to form a lateral shoot or branch.
root
Anchors the plant, absorbs minerals and water, stores carbohy…
stem
An alternating system of nodes and internodes.
68 terms
Plant structure, growth, development
plant organs
roots
taproot
lateral root
roots... stems... leaves
typically non photosynthetic ... absorb water and minerals ... anch…
-one main vertical root ... -eudicot and gymnosperms ... -use store…
taproot branches
plant organs
roots... stems... leaves
roots
typically non photosynthetic ... absorb water and minerals ... anch…
90 terms
Plant Structure, Growth, Development
Plants are made of ___, which make up…
3 main plant organs
How do roots and shoots rely on each o…
functions of the roots
cells... tissues... organs
roots... stems... leaves
Roots rely on sugar produced by photosynthesis in the shoot s…
anchor the plant... absorb minerals and water... storing organic nu…
Plants are made of ___, which make up…
cells... tissues... organs
3 main plant organs
roots... stems... leaves
17 terms
Plant Structure, Growth and Development
root
root hairs
stem
axillary bud
Anchors the plant, absorbs minerals and water, stores carbohy…
Increase surface area for absorption of water and minerals.
An alternating system of nodes and internodes.
Has potential to form a lateral shoot or branch.
root
Anchors the plant, absorbs minerals and water, stores carbohy…
root hairs
Increase surface area for absorption of water and minerals.
153 terms
Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
Sun
photon
Important Properties of light
Intensity
a thermonuclear reactor in which hydrogens are fused into hel…
packet of light energy
1. Intensity... 2. Quality... 3. Duration
brightness of light
Sun
a thermonuclear reactor in which hydrogens are fused into hel…
photon
packet of light energy
26 terms
Plant Structure, Growth and Development
root
root hairs
stem
nodes
Anchors the plant, absorbs minerals and water, stores carbohy…
Increase surface area for absorption of water and minerals.
An alternating system of nodes and internodes.
Where leaves attach to the stem.
root
Anchors the plant, absorbs minerals and water, stores carbohy…
root hairs
Increase surface area for absorption of water and minerals.
60 terms
Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
What are the three basic organs of a p…
What are the 2 basic systems of plants?
Taproot
Lateral roots
Roots, Stems, and leaves
Root system and shoot system
consists of one main vertical root
branch roots aka fibrous roots
What are the three basic organs of a p…
Roots, Stems, and leaves
What are the 2 basic systems of plants?
Root system and shoot system
69 terms
Biology 2 Plant Structure, Growth & Development
What do shoots include?
What do roots do?
What are primary roots?
Where does water & nutrient absorption…
- leaves, stems & flowers
- absorb water & nutrients... - anchors the plant... - act as nutri…
- 1st roots to emerge
- tips of the roots
What do shoots include?
- leaves, stems & flowers
What do roots do?
- absorb water & nutrients... - anchors the plant... - act as nutri…
115 terms
Biology Chap. 35 Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
organ
tissue
three basic plant organs
two basic divisions of plant
several types of tissues which work together to accomplish a…
group of cells of one or more cell types that together... perfor…
roots, stems, leaves
root system and shoot system (stems and leaves) fig. 35. 2
organ
several types of tissues which work together to accomplish a…
tissue
group of cells of one or more cell types that together... perfor…
37 terms
Biology (chapter 35) Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
Tissue
Organ
Roots
fibrous root system.
group of cells with a common function, structure or both.
several types of tissues that together carry out particular f…
multicellular organ that anchors a plant to the soil, absorbs…
seedless vascular plants and most monocots there is no main r…
Tissue
group of cells with a common function, structure or both.
Organ
several types of tissues that together carry out particular f…
144 terms
Biology: Chapter 35/Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
Organ
Tissue
Root system
Shoot system
Several types of tissues that together carry out particular f…
A group of cells, consisting of one or more cell types that t…
All of the plants roots which anchor it in the soil, absorb a…
The aerial portion of a plant body consisting of stems leaves…
Organ
Several types of tissues that together carry out particular f…
Tissue
A group of cells, consisting of one or more cell types that t…
84 terms
Biology: Chapter 35 Plant Structure, Development, and Growth
Monocot
Eudicot
Plant Organs
Plant Tissue Systems
Type of plant; fruit with one cotyledon, veins in leaves usua…
Type of plant; fruit with two cotyledons, veins in leaves usu…
Roots and shoots (stems and leaves)
Dermal, vascular, and ground tissue
Monocot
Type of plant; fruit with one cotyledon, veins in leaves usua…
Eudicot
Type of plant; fruit with two cotyledons, veins in leaves usu…
61 terms
Plant Structure, Growth, Development
Emergent Properties of Plants
Organs
Organ System
Organism
cells -> tissues -> organs -> organ systems -> organsism
make up the organ system
groups of organs that work together to perform a vital functi…
individual living thing
Emergent Properties of Plants
cells -> tissues -> organs -> organ systems -> organsism
Organs
make up the organ system
61 terms
Biology Ch. 35 Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
What are two main groups of flowering…
Vascular plants have three basic organ…
How do the root and shoot systems depe…
What is a taproot?
Eudicots and Monocots
A root system and a shoot system
Roots are almost never photosynthetic and starve unless the s…
A main vertical root that helps prevent the plant from toppli…
What are two main groups of flowering…
Eudicots and Monocots
Vascular plants have three basic organ…
A root system and a shoot system
191 terms
Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
what does the development of plants de…
two major groups of angiosperms
tissue
organ
the environment; plants aren't wusses, they adapt
monocots and eudicots
group of cells consisting of one or more cell types that toge…
consists of several types of tissues that together carry out…
what does the development of plants de…
the environment; plants aren't wusses, they adapt
two major groups of angiosperms
monocots and eudicots
26 terms
plant structure, growth and development
forms of roots
tissue system in plants
dermal tissue
ground tissue
-taproot system: primary root the first one to emergent preve…
all plants organs have Dermal, vascular and ground tissue. Ea…
in non-woody plants is the epidermis: layer of tightly packed…
its internal to the vascular cylinder. two types: internal pi…
forms of roots
-taproot system: primary root the first one to emergent preve…
tissue system in plants
all plants organs have Dermal, vascular and ground tissue. Ea…
96 terms
Plant Structure Growth and Development
What are the three basic organs of Pla…
What is the Function of the Root Syste…
What are the two major categories of t…
Taproot System consist of... (3 or 4)
Roots, Stems, and Leaves.
Anchorage, absorption of minerals and water, and food storage.
Taproot System & Fibrous Root System
Large vertical roots, many lateral roots, most eudicots and g…
What are the three basic organs of Pla…
Roots, Stems, and Leaves.
What is the Function of the Root Syste…
Anchorage, absorption of minerals and water, and food storage.
143 terms
Plant structure + growth & development
Three plant basic organs:
plant are organized into... a ______ and…
________ rely on sugar produced by... pho…
_________ rely on water and minerals a…
roots, stems, and leaves
root system ; shoot system
Roots ; shoot
Shoots ; root
Three plant basic organs:
roots, stems, and leaves
plant are organized into... a ______ and…
root system ; shoot system
97 terms
Biology Chapter 35: Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
1. Above ground... 2. Below ground
Light and CO2
Water and minerals
Roots, stems, and leaves
2 environments that individual plants live in
What does the above ground environment of plants take in?
What does the below ground environment of plants take in?
3 organs that allow plants to survive in both above and below…
1. Above ground... 2. Below ground
2 environments that individual plants live in
Light and CO2
What does the above ground environment of plants take in?
283 terms
Biology Honors Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
Developmental plasticity
Morphology
Anatomy
Physiology
the ability to alter itself in response to its environment
the study of shape and the study of external structure
the study of internal structures
the study of the functions of internal structures
Developmental plasticity
the ability to alter itself in response to its environment
Morphology
the study of shape and the study of external structure
46 terms
Plant structure, growth, & development
roots, stems, and leaves
Woody plants
Annuals
Biennials
Basic plant body consists of....?
produce hard, lignified secondary tissues; herbaceous plants…
herbaceous plants that grow, reproduce, and die in one year o…
take 2 years to complete their life cycle
roots, stems, and leaves
Basic plant body consists of....?
Woody plants
produce hard, lignified secondary tissues; herbaceous plants…
52 terms
Plant Structure, Growth, & Development
Main functions of roots
The shoot system includes
Main functions of stems
Main functions of leaf
Water/mineral uptake, gas exchange, anchoring, storage
The stems & leaf
Transport, support, growth, & storage
Photosynthesis, gas exchange, transpiration, temperature regu…
Main functions of roots
Water/mineral uptake, gas exchange, anchoring, storage
The shoot system includes
The stems & leaf
26 terms
Chapter 35 Plant Structure, Growth and Development
root
root hairs
stem
nodes
Anchors the plant, absorbs minerals and water, stores carbohy…
Increase surface area for absorption of water and minerals.
An alternating system of nodes and internodes.
Where leaves attach to the stem.
root
Anchors the plant, absorbs minerals and water, stores carbohy…
root hairs
Increase surface area for absorption of water and minerals.
43 terms
Biology [CHAPTER 35] (Plant Structure, Growth, and Development)
In the hierarchy of biological organiz…
A root hair is _____. ... A) an extensio…
Leaves occur at intervals along the pl…
Leaves consist of _____. ... A) a blade…
a system
an extension of an individual cell that absorbs water from soil
node
a blade and a petiole
In the hierarchy of biological organiz…
a system
A root hair is _____. ... A) an extensio…
an extension of an individual cell that absorbs water from soil
57 terms
Plant structure, growth, and development
Plants have cells, tissues, organs, an…
eudicots and gymnosperms share what ty…
tap root
lateral roots
organ systems
Taproot system
primary root
branch from the taproot to improve anchorage and water absorb…
Plants have cells, tissues, organs, an…
organ systems
eudicots and gymnosperms share what ty…
Taproot system
43 terms
Plant structure, growth and development
what does a plant cell have that an an…
what is a plants 3 basic organs
what kind of system does a plant have?
what is the roles of the roots?
cell wall, chloroplasts, and vacuole
roots, stems and leaves
a root and shoot system
-anchors the vascular plant... -absorbs minerals and water from…
what does a plant cell have that an an…
cell wall, chloroplasts, and vacuole
what is a plants 3 basic organs
roots, stems and leaves
34 terms
plant structure, growth, and development
3 basic structures of plants
functions of roots
taproot system
root hairs
roots, stem, leaves
anchoring the plant, absorbing minerals and water, storing or…
consists of one main vertical root that gives rise to lateral…
where absorption of water and minerals occurs
3 basic structures of plants
roots, stem, leaves
functions of roots
anchoring the plant, absorbing minerals and water, storing or…
104 terms
Biology 1002: Structure Growth and Development of Flowering Plants
seeds
sexual reproduction
embryos
two multicellular
reproductive structures produced by flowering plants and othe…
seed are typically the result of _____
seeds contain ____ formed by repeated mitotic divisions of di…
sexual reproduction in plants involves _____ stages
seeds
reproductive structures produced by flowering plants and othe…
sexual reproduction
seed are typically the result of _____
66 terms
Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
organ
tissue
root system
shoot system
a specialized center of body function composed of several dif…
an integrated group of cells with a common structure, functio…
all of a plant's roots, which anchor it in the soil, absorb a…
the aerial portion of a plant body, consisting of stems, leav…
organ
a specialized center of body function composed of several dif…
tissue
an integrated group of cells with a common structure, functio…
47 terms
Plant structure, growth, and development
organ
tissue
root
lateral roots
consists of several types of tissues that together carry out…
a group of cells, consisting of one or more cell types that t…
organ that anchors a vascular plant in the soil, adsorbs mine…
greatly enhance the ability of the root system to anchor the…
organ
consists of several types of tissues that together carry out…
tissue
a group of cells, consisting of one or more cell types that t…
49 terms
Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
Roots
Anatomy of roots
Where does absorption of water and min…
Function of branches of roots
1. Below-ground... 2. Absorb water and minerals... 3. Anchor plant…
1. Primary root... 2. Branches to form lateral roots... 3. Root hairs
Tip of root
Improve anchorage and water absorption
Roots
1. Below-ground... 2. Absorb water and minerals... 3. Anchor plant…
Anatomy of roots
1. Primary root... 2. Branches to form lateral roots... 3. Root hairs
45 terms
plant structure, growth & development
Organ
Tissue
three basic organ types
shoot system
consists of several types of tissues that together carry out…
a group of cells consisting of one or more cell types that to…
roots, stems, leaves
above ground, major cite of CO2 and light uptake
Organ
consists of several types of tissues that together carry out…
Tissue
a group of cells consisting of one or more cell types that to…
131 terms
Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
Hierarchy of Biology
Two Basic Organ Systems of Angiosperms
Root System
Monocot Roots vs Dicot Roots
subatomic particle... atom... molecule... organelle... cell- basic unit o…
Root and Shoot... (interdependent)
made up of root(s)... anchors plant in soil, absorbs minerals an…
Monocot- fibrous roots consisting of a mat of thin roots that…
Hierarchy of Biology
subatomic particle... atom... molecule... organelle... cell- basic unit o…
Two Basic Organ Systems of Angiosperms
Root and Shoot... (interdependent)
95 terms
Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
adventitious
annual
axillary bud
bark
A term describing any plant organ that grows in an atypical l…
A flowering plant that completes its entire life cycle in a s…
A structure that has the potential to form a lateral shoot, o…
All tissues external to the vascular cambium, consisting main…
adventitious
A term describing any plant organ that grows in an atypical l…
annual
A flowering plant that completes its entire life cycle in a s…
56 terms
Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
organ
tissue
natural selection has produced plants…
root system
several types of tissues that together carry out particular f…
group of cells, consisting of one or more cell types that per…
forms fit plant functions
roots, stems, leaves
organ
several types of tissues that together carry out particular f…
tissue
group of cells, consisting of one or more cell types that per…
14 terms
Plant structure, growth, and development
Taproot
lateral roots
root hairs
nodes
Single, large root like a carrot.
The roots that grow out of the sides of a taproot.
tiny hair-like extensions that increase the surface area of t…
the points at which leaves are attached
Taproot
Single, large root like a carrot.
lateral roots
The roots that grow out of the sides of a taproot.
38 terms
Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
Worts and Bryophytes (mosses)
Ferns
Angiosperms(vessels seed) and Gymnospe…
Monocots
nonvascular, they grow low to the ground in mats. ... -reproduce…
vascular, have a circulatory system, and produce spores
vascular, produce seeds
floral structures in groups of 3, parallel leaf veins, FIBROU…
Worts and Bryophytes (mosses)
nonvascular, they grow low to the ground in mats. ... -reproduce…
Ferns
vascular, have a circulatory system, and produce spores
43 terms
Plant Structure Growth And Development
Growth
Development
Root System
Organs
(biology) the process of an individual organism growing organ…
A process of improvement in the material conditions of people…
All of a plant's roots that anchor it in the soil, absorb and…
Composed of several different tissues that form a structural…
Growth
(biology) the process of an individual organism growing organ…
Development
A process of improvement in the material conditions of people…
13 terms
Plant structure, growth, and development
Apical Bud
Node
Internode
Vegetative Shoot
Buds that grows vertically, causing elongation of a young sho…
Points at which leaves are attached.
Stem segments between nodes.
A branch of a flower.
Apical Bud
Buds that grows vertically, causing elongation of a young sho…
Node
Points at which leaves are attached.
35 terms
Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
Organ
Tissue
Root/Shoot System
Root
Several types of tissues that carry out particular functions
Group of cells consisting of one or more cell types that toge…
Latter consisting of stems and leaves
Organ that anchors the plant in the soil, absorbs mineral and…
Organ
Several types of tissues that carry out particular functions
Tissue
Group of cells consisting of one or more cell types that toge…
33 terms
Plant structure, growth & development
Annual (herbaceous plant)
Perennial (herbaceous)
Herbaceous
Woody
From seed to flower to fruit in one season then dies. Example…
Stores succulent food reserves in roots, able to go dormant i…
Soft stems, the structure is soft
Hard structure
Annual (herbaceous plant)
From seed to flower to fruit in one season then dies. Example…
Perennial (herbaceous)
Stores succulent food reserves in roots, able to go dormant i…
7 terms
Plant Structure Growth & Development
What are the 3 main functions of roots?
Define Taproot
Define Lateral Root
What are root hairs extensions of?
1) Anchoring the Plant... 2) Absorbing water and minerals (root…
The main vertical root
Branch roots, that arise from the taproot
Tubular extensions of epidermal cells
What are the 3 main functions of roots?
1) Anchoring the Plant... 2) Absorbing water and minerals (root…
Define Taproot
The main vertical root
61 terms
35 Plant structure, growth and development
Plant structure
Roots
Taproot system
Taproot
composed of organs and tissues
holds plant in place, absorbs minerals and water, stores nutr…
taproots and lateral roots
develop from the radicle of a seed, forming the primary root.…
Plant structure
composed of organs and tissues
Roots
holds plant in place, absorbs minerals and water, stores nutr…
Plant structure + growth & development
Three plant basic organs:
plant are organized into... a ______ and…
________ rely on sugar produced by... pho…
_________ rely on water and minerals a…
roots, stems, and leaves
root system ; shoot system
Roots ; shoot
Shoots ; root
Three plant basic organs:
roots, stems, and leaves
plant are organized into... a ______ and…
root system ; shoot system
48 terms
Plant Biology Chapter 35: Plant Structure, Growth, Development (edited down)
plasticity
morphology
stems
nodes
an organism's ability to alter itself in response to local en…
external form
an organ consisting of an alternating system of nodes and int…
the points at which leaves are attached
plasticity
an organism's ability to alter itself in response to local en…
morphology
external form
12 terms
AP Biology Chapter 35: Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
Root System
Mycorrhizae
Shoot System
Stems
multicellular organ that anchors the plant, absorbs water and…
symbiotic relationship between plants and fungi
multicellular organ consisting of stems and leaves
function to display leaves
Root System
multicellular organ that anchors the plant, absorbs water and…
Mycorrhizae
symbiotic relationship between plants and fungi
191 terms
Plant Structure, Growth, and Development [35]
what does the development of plants de…
two major groups of angiosperms
tissue
organ
the environment; plants aren't wusses, they adapt
monocots and eudicots
group of cells consisting of one or more cell types that toge…
consists of several types of tissues that together carry out…
what does the development of plants de…
the environment; plants aren't wusses, they adapt
two major groups of angiosperms
monocots and eudicots
50 terms
Plant structure growth and development
What are the three basic organs of pla…
What is the function of the root system?
What are the two major categories of t…
What are the 3 characteristics of the…
1) Roots... 2) Stems... 3) Leaves
Anchorage, absorption of minerals and water, food storage
1) Taproot... 2) Fibrous
1) Large vertical root... 2) Many lateral roots... 3) most eudicots…
What are the three basic organs of pla…
1) Roots... 2) Stems... 3) Leaves
What is the function of the root system?
Anchorage, absorption of minerals and water, food storage
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