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Study sets matching "biology h"

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Study sets matching "biology h"

56 terms
Biology II H Midterm
prokaryotes, 3.5
spontaneous generation does not occur…
through mutations or changes in the ex…
how genes are expressed during develop…
The earliest discovered fossils are of __ dating back to ___…
The findings of Pasteur have established that
According to "evo-devo" thinking, an organisms's body form ca…
The main genetic difference between humans and chimps is
prokaryotes, 3.5
The earliest discovered fossils are of __ dating back to ___…
spontaneous generation does not occur…
The findings of Pasteur have established that
25 terms
Biology H
Control group
Experimental group
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Experience is normal or natural conditions
Test group
Manipulated on purpose
Results, depends on independent variable
Control group
Experience is normal or natural conditions
Experimental group
Test group
71 terms
Biology H
Cell
Tissue
Organ
Organ System
The basic unit of all living things; membrane covered structu…
Group of cells functioning together.
Group of tissues functioning together
Group of organs function together
Cell
The basic unit of all living things; membrane covered structu…
Tissue
Group of cells functioning together.
77 terms
Biology Test - Biology (H)
atoms
nucleus
electron
isotope
basic unit of matter
a center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons;…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic number
atom of an element that has a number of neutrons different fr…
atoms
basic unit of matter
nucleus
a center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons;…
H. Biology -- Chapter 1
Biology
biosphere
controlled experiment
discovery science
The scientific study of life
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
An experiment in which an experimental group is compared with…
The process of scientific inquiry that focuses on using obser…
Biology
The scientific study of life
biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
46 terms
Biology H
Marsupial
Monotreme
Zygote
Blastula
has pouch
egg laying mammals
fertilized egg
early stage of development where it is a hollow ball of cells
Marsupial
has pouch
Monotreme
egg laying mammals
10 terms
Biology Water and pH
polar
4
cohesion
adhesion
Water is a _____________ molecule
Water can form _____ bonds at one time
attraction between molecules of the same substance... Example :…
attraction between molecules of a different substance... Example…
polar
Water is a _____________ molecule
4
Water can form _____ bonds at one time
32 terms
Biology H
Organic
Inorganic
Functional groups
Small organic molecules
Describes molecules that have a carbon skeleton bonded to som…
Molecules that are far less diverse and generally far simpler…
Groups of atoms that help determine the characteristics and c…
____ are joined together to form longer molecules
Organic
Describes molecules that have a carbon skeleton bonded to som…
Inorganic
Molecules that are far less diverse and generally far simpler…
45 terms
Biology H
Biology
Orginization
cell
unicellular
The study of life
make order of thoughts/experiences... All organisms exhibit a co…
Basic unit of life
Made of a single cell
Biology
The study of life
Orginization
make order of thoughts/experiences... All organisms exhibit a co…
50 terms
Biology H
Cell
Tissue
Organ
Organ System
The basic unit of all living things; membrane covered structu…
Group of cells functioning together.
Group of tissues functioning together
Group of organs function together
Cell
The basic unit of all living things; membrane covered structu…
Tissue
Group of cells functioning together.
50 terms
Biology H
Cell
Tissue
Organ
Organ System
The basic unit of all living things; membrane covered structu…
Group of cells functioning together.
Group of tissues functioning together
Group of organs function together
Cell
The basic unit of all living things; membrane covered structu…
Tissue
Group of cells functioning together.
20 terms
Biology H Chapter 1
Science
Biology
Observation
Inference
organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
scientific study of life
process of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experie…
Science
organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
Biology
scientific study of life
32 terms
H Biology: Cells
Cell Membrane
Label Animal Cell
Plant V Animal cell
Prokaryiotic Cell
Both-Allows some substances to pass through while keeping oth…
Cell Membrane
Both-Allows some substances to pass through while keeping oth…
Label Animal Cell
32 terms
Biology H Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particles; located in the space surroundin…
pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutron…
8 terms
H. Biology
Symbiosis
Predation
Parasitism
Commensalism
Interaction between 2 different species which live in direct…
1 organism hunting another for food
1 benefits the other is harmed
1 benefits the other isn't affected
Symbiosis
Interaction between 2 different species which live in direct…
Predation
1 organism hunting another for food
20 terms
Biology H Chapter 13
RNA
messenger RNA
transfer RNA
ribosomal RNA
ribonucleic acid; single-stranded nucleic acid that contains…
(mRNA) type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for th…
(tRNA) type of RNA that carries each amino acid to a ribosome…
(rRNA) type of RNA that combines with proteins to form riboso…
RNA
ribonucleic acid; single-stranded nucleic acid that contains…
messenger RNA
(mRNA) type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for th…
56 terms
Biology h
Ecology
Environmentalism
Ecologists
Biosphere
The study of the relationships among living organisms and the…
Concern with or advocacy of protecting the environment; not a…
Scientists that study ecology
The portion of the earth that supports life
Ecology
The study of the relationships among living organisms and the…
Environmentalism
Concern with or advocacy of protecting the environment; not a…
10 terms
Biology H
UAG, UAA, UGA
Codon
Missense mutation
Nonsense mutation
Stop codons
Sequence of 3 nucleotide words
Base-pair substitution inside gene that changes a codon-new c…
Changes an amino acid codon to a stop codon-results in shorte…
UAG, UAA, UGA
Stop codons
Codon
Sequence of 3 nucleotide words
15 terms
H- Biology
Science
Facts
Spontaneous generation
Truth is what "we" believe
A body of facts that man has gathered by observing the physic…
Potentially flawed
Life comes from non-living matter
We live in the land of opportunity
Science
A body of facts that man has gathered by observing the physic…
Facts
Potentially flawed
88 terms
H. Biology Final
Each organism has a unique combination…
The primary function of DNA is to ... a.…
All of the following are true about th…
Molecules of DNA are composed of long…
d. DNA
b. store and transmit genetic information
a. short strands of DNA are contained in chromosomes inside t…
d. nucleotides
Each organism has a unique combination…
d. DNA
The primary function of DNA is to ... a.…
b. store and transmit genetic information
10 terms
Biology H
Ungulate
extirpated
denuded
resurgence
a hoofed mammal
root out and destroy completely
strip something of its covering possessions or assets
an increase or revival after a period of little activity, pop…
Ungulate
a hoofed mammal
extirpated
root out and destroy completely
17 terms
Biology H Chapter 8
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
stroma
pigment
compound used by cells to store and release energy
process use by plants and other autotrophs to capture light e…
fluid portion of the chloroplast; outside of the thylakoids
light-absorbing molecule used by plants to gather the sun's e…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
compound used by cells to store and release energy
photosynthesis
process use by plants and other autotrophs to capture light e…
H Biology
Biochemistry
Organic compound/Biomolecule/Macromole…
Polymer
Monomer
The study of the chemical reactions in living things.
Any compound that contains carbon.
Large molecule that consists of many monomers linked together.
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
Biochemistry
The study of the chemical reactions in living things.
Organic compound/Biomolecule/Macromole…
Any compound that contains carbon.
40 terms
Cells 7.2 Biology H
Vacuole
Nucleus
Cytoplasm/Cytosol
Mitochondria
Storage vesicle for water, food, wastes other substances. 1 l…
Controls all cell activities and protein production. Contains…
Cell liquid in which chemical reactions occur. Holds and cush…
Converts glucose into ATP (energy a cell can use) in the proc…
Vacuole
Storage vesicle for water, food, wastes other substances. 1 l…
Nucleus
Controls all cell activities and protein production. Contains…
9 terms
Biology H
Habitat
Haemoglobin
Haploid
High-density lipoprotein (HDL)
The place where an organism normally lives and which is chara…
Globular protein in blood that readily combines with oxygen t…
Term referring to cells that contain only a single copy of ea…
A compound of protein and lipid molecules found in blood plas…
Habitat
The place where an organism normally lives and which is chara…
Haemoglobin
Globular protein in blood that readily combines with oxygen t…
11 terms
Biology H Chapter 9
calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxygen
calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
cellular respiration
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
12 terms
H Biology Genetics
Who is the Father of Genetics?
What is the Law of Segregation?
What does a pedigree show you?
When an pedigree shows X-linked, then
Gregor Mendel
Parents pass on only one allele for each gene
???
the disease only affects one gender (usually the female)
Who is the Father of Genetics?
Gregor Mendel
What is the Law of Segregation?
Parents pass on only one allele for each gene
43 terms
H Biology Chapter 3
biological molecules
organic
hydrocarbons
functional groups
organic
molecules with bonds between carbon and hydrogen
-polar and hydrophobic... -arrangements of carbons forms a "carb…
-clusters of atoms (at least 2) that can be covalently bonded…
biological molecules
organic
organic
molecules with bonds between carbon and hydrogen
25 terms
Biology H
Monomer of a Carbohydrate
Monomer of a Lipid
Monomer of a Protein
Monomer of a Nucleic Acid
Monosaccharide (1:2:1 Ratio of C:H:O)
Triglyceride (Glycerol & 3 Fatty Acids)
Amino Acid (central carbon, amino group, carboxyl group, R gr…
Nucleotide (Sugar, phosphate, base)
Monomer of a Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide (1:2:1 Ratio of C:H:O)
Monomer of a Lipid
Triglyceride (Glycerol & 3 Fatty Acids)
13 terms
Biology H
Cellular respiration
Mitochondria
Glycolysis
Pyruvicacid
The process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates a…
In eukaryotic cells, the cell organelle to hat is surrounded…
The anaerobic breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid, which mak…
The three carbon could pins that is produced during glycolysi…
Cellular respiration
The process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates a…
Mitochondria
In eukaryotic cells, the cell organelle to hat is surrounded…
78 terms
Biology H
Same mass
Neutrons
Nucleus
Electron
Protons & neutrons
-Neutral
Protons and neutrons bonded by a strong force
-A negatively charged particle... - attracted to a positively ch…
Same mass
Protons & neutrons
Neutrons
-Neutral
8 terms
H Biology
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beep
beepbeep
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Testfeavdnzvkjdvkzjxcnzlcnzdkvbdzjkvbdkvbzdjkvbzkvjkdzvbdzkvb…
rereree
ererere
Testfeavdnzvkjdvkzjxcnzlcnzdkvbdzjkvbd…
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Testfeavdnzvkjdvkzjxcnzlcnzdkvbdzjkvbd…
Testfeavdnzvkjdvkzjxcnzlcnzdkvbdzjkvbdkvbzdjkvbzkvjkdzvbdzkvb…
H. Biology Test 1
evidence
data
theory
characteristics of lliving things
the available body of facts or information indicating whether…
facts and statistics collected together for reference or anal…
a supposition or a system of ideas intended to explain someth…
reproduce, need energy,use energy, etc.
evidence
the available body of facts or information indicating whether…
data
facts and statistics collected together for reference or anal…
25 terms
Biology H
Osmosis
Passive transport
Active transport
Hypertonic
The movement of water molecules that use passive transport (h…
Transport without the use of energy/ATP (high concentration t…
Transport requiring the use of energy/ATP (low to high concen…
When the amount of molecules is decreased outside of the cell…
Osmosis
The movement of water molecules that use passive transport (h…
Passive transport
Transport without the use of energy/ATP (high concentration t…
28 terms
biology H
biology
organization
cell
unicellular
The study of life
the high degree of order within an organism's internal and ex…
smallest unit that can perform all life's processes
organisms made up of one cell
biology
The study of life
organization
the high degree of order within an organism's internal and ex…
41 terms
Biology H
chromosome
chromatid
centromere
karyotype
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
the region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
a micrograph of the array of chromosomes visible in a cell du…
chromosome
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
chromatid
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
8 terms
H biology
Isotope
Ionic bond
Ion
Cohesion
Atoms of the same element that differ in the number of neutro…
When two or more electrons are transferred from one atom of t…
At that has a posture or negative charge.
Is an attraction between molecules of the same substance
Isotope
Atoms of the same element that differ in the number of neutro…
Ionic bond
When two or more electrons are transferred from one atom of t…
12 terms
Biology H
Monomer carbohydrate
Polymer carbohydrate
Function carbohydrate
ID Clue carbohydrate
Sugar, monosaccharide
Starch, polysaccharide
Quick energy and structure cell wall
-OSE, C1 H2 O1
Monomer carbohydrate
Sugar, monosaccharide
Polymer carbohydrate
Starch, polysaccharide
31 terms
H. Biology
monosaccharides
dehydration synthesis
water
cellulose
What are the monomers of a starch?
What is the name of the reaction that joins two amino acids t…
When monomers are joined together or separated, what molecule…
Which of the following is the largest carbohydrate?
monosaccharides
What are the monomers of a starch?
dehydration synthesis
What is the name of the reaction that joins two amino acids t…
11 terms
Biology H
Water
Cohesion
Adhesion
Surface tension
Polar covalent
Water to water connection
Water to another substance
A measure of how difficult it is to break the surface of water
Water
Polar covalent
Cohesion
Water to water connection
29 terms
Biology H
P Value
Conditions for Natural Selection
Natural Selection
Conclusions from Natural Selection
A number that determines statistical significance. If < 0.05,…
Limited Resources, Overproduction of Offspring, Competition,…
The process of heritable change in the proportion of traits i…
Survival is not random and there is a change in the proportio…
P Value
A number that determines statistical significance. If < 0.05,…
Conditions for Natural Selection
Limited Resources, Overproduction of Offspring, Competition,…
33 terms
Biology H
Ecology
Biotic factors
Abiotic factors
Habitat
Putting it all together- study of interactions between creatu…
All plants and animals living in an area... (Pertaining to life)
Soil, rock, temperature, moisture, sunlight
Address (where you live)
Ecology
Putting it all together- study of interactions between creatu…
Biotic factors
All plants and animals living in an area... (Pertaining to life)
22 terms
Biology H
Conpound light microscope
Transmission microscope
Scanning electron microscope
Homeostasis
Study small specimens
Student dead specimens
3-D microscope
All living things maintain a stable internal environment (bir…
Conpound light microscope
Study small specimens
Transmission microscope
Student dead specimens
35 terms
Biology H
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Regulation
Synthesis
All biochemical reactions that make and use energy
The ability of living things to maintain a constant internal…
Response to stimuli... Works to maintain homeostasis... Usually don…
To make materials necessary for survival... All organism make AT…
Metabolism
All biochemical reactions that make and use energy
Homeostasis
The ability of living things to maintain a constant internal…
10 terms
Biology H
Concentration Gradient
Equilibrium
Diffusion
Osmosis
the process of particles or solutes, moving through a solutio…
When a process and its reverse are occurring at equal rates s…
when molecules mix resulting in their kinetic energy of rando…
A process by which molecules of a solvent tend to pass throug…
Concentration Gradient
the process of particles or solutes, moving through a solutio…
Equilibrium
When a process and its reverse are occurring at equal rates s…
28 terms
Biology H
Biosphere
biodiversity
Species
Biology
all organisms and the part of earth where they exist
ariety of life within an area
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
scientific study of all forms of life
Biosphere
all organisms and the part of earth where they exist
biodiversity
ariety of life within an area
11 terms
H. Biology
Variations
Increase
Competition
survive, reproduce
Populations have __________
There is a potential for species to ________ in numbers.
There is ___________
Some variations are better able to _______ & _________
Variations
Populations have __________
Increase
There is a potential for species to ________ in numbers.
28 terms
Biology H
Smog/Particulates
Greenhouse Effect
Global Climate Change
Introduced Species
Air pollution in which gases released from burning fossil fue…
Normal warming effect produced when gases, such as carbon dio…
Worldwide trend of increasing average temperature
Species that are not native and was brought to an area as a r…
Smog/Particulates
Air pollution in which gases released from burning fossil fue…
Greenhouse Effect
Normal warming effect produced when gases, such as carbon dio…
42 terms
H Biology
Organic molecule
Water molecule
Polarity
Universal Solvent
The molecules of life that are built around long chains of ca…
The smallest unit that is water. Contains 2 atoms of hydrogen…
The state of having opposite poles or being polar
Water is the universal solvent because it dissolves more subs…
Organic molecule
The molecules of life that are built around long chains of ca…
Water molecule
The smallest unit that is water. Contains 2 atoms of hydrogen…
12 terms
Biology H
Scientific Method
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
qualitative data
different steps in an experiment for example , 1. ask a quest…
what you're testing
what you're measuring
not numerical, usually subjective
Scientific Method
different steps in an experiment for example , 1. ask a quest…
Independent Variable
what you're testing
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