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Study sets matching "biology honors chapter 5 flashcards"

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Study sets matching "biology honors chapter 5 flashcards"

23 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 5 Flashcards
Plasma Membrane
Phospholipid Bilayer
Proteins
Cholesterol
The thin, flexible boundary between the cell and its environm…
Lipid molecules with 2 fatty acid tails and a phosphate layer…
Provide pathways for substances to enter and leave the cell.…
Prevents fatty acid tails from sticking together. Keeps the m…
Plasma Membrane
The thin, flexible boundary between the cell and its environm…
Phospholipid Bilayer
Lipid molecules with 2 fatty acid tails and a phosphate layer…
*Honors Biology Chapter 5 Review
interphase and mitosis
the longest part of the cell cycle
cells grow, develop, and carry on all…
nuclear division
What are the two main parts to the eukaryotic cell cycle?
What is interphase with respect to how long it takes?
What happens in interphase?
What is mitosis with respect to its type of division?
interphase and mitosis
What are the two main parts to the eukaryotic cell cycle?
the longest part of the cell cycle
What is interphase with respect to how long it takes?
41 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
fluid mosaic
selective permeability
diffusion
concentration gradient
the membrane is a fluid structure with a mosaic of various pr…
A property of biological membranes that allows some substance…
process by which molecules tend to move from an area where th…
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
fluid mosaic
the membrane is a fluid structure with a mosaic of various pr…
selective permeability
A property of biological membranes that allows some substance…
45 terms
Chapter 5 Honors Biology
organic molecules
carbon has blank valence electrons and…
most complex macromolecules are blank…
how are polymers built?
compose living things and contain the element carbon (INORGAN…
4... other carbon... large, complex molecules in many shapes
polymers, monomers
built through a dehydration reaction where a water molecule i…
organic molecules
compose living things and contain the element carbon (INORGAN…
carbon has blank valence electrons and…
4... other carbon... large, complex molecules in many shapes
31 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Metabolism
Biosynthesis
Decomposition
Cell respiration
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism... *…
A process that living organisms do to produce larger molecule…
A chemical reaction that breaks down compounds into simpler p…
a series of chemical reactions; when a living cell breaks dow…
Metabolism
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism... *…
Biosynthesis
A process that living organisms do to produce larger molecule…
31 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Active TransPortation
Passive Transportation
Homeostasis
Diffusion
when cells must move molecule from an area of lower concentra…
some substances can move across the cell membrane without usi…
the steady state of psychological/physical condition of the b…
the movement of molecules from an area of high concentration…
Active TransPortation
when cells must move molecule from an area of lower concentra…
Passive Transportation
some substances can move across the cell membrane without usi…
23 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
passive transport
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
molecules move from high concentration to low concentration a…
the diffusion of water across a cell membrane from an area of…
a solution of equal solute concentration
a solution with a lower solute concentration
passive transport
molecules move from high concentration to low concentration a…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a cell membrane from an area of…
147 terms
Biology Honors, Chapter 5
cross section of an animal cell's plas…
structure of phospholipids
glycolipid
glycoprotein
carbohydrate and lipid
carbohydrate and protein
cross section of an animal cell's plas…
structure of phospholipids
15 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Diffusion
Concentration gradient
Passive Transport
Facilitated diffusions
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Movement of specific molecules across cell membranes through…
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Concentration gradient
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
23 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
passive transport
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
molecules move from high concentration to low concentration a…
the diffusion of water across a cell membrane from an area of…
a solution of equal solute concentration
a solution with a lower solute concentration
passive transport
molecules move from high concentration to low concentration a…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a cell membrane from an area of…
132 terms
Biology Honors, Chapter 5
amphipathic molecule
examples of amphiapathic molecules
hydrophilic molecules
all ________ are __________
has both polar and non polar regions
phospholipids, some proteins
behavior toward water
polar molecules, hydrophilic
amphipathic molecule
has both polar and non polar regions
examples of amphiapathic molecules
phospholipids, some proteins
36 terms
Honors Biology- Chapter 5
Glycolysis
Pyruvate
Substrate level phosphorylation
First phase of glycolysis
Means the splitting of sugar... Yields a net gain of two molecul…
ionized form of pyruvic acid
In this process, an enzyme transfers a phosphate group a subs…
Energy investment phase ... Consumes energy... Uses two molecules o…
Glycolysis
Means the splitting of sugar... Yields a net gain of two molecul…
Pyruvate
ionized form of pyruvic acid
23 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
passive transport
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
molecules move from high concentration to low concentration a…
the diffusion of water across a cell membrane from an area of…
a solution of equal solute concentration
a solution with a lower solute concentration
passive transport
molecules move from high concentration to low concentration a…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a cell membrane from an area of…
208 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
two
interphase and cell division
the longest part of the cell cycle
cells grow, develop, and carry on all…
The cell cycle has how many main parts?
What are the two main parts to the cell cycle?
What is interphase with respect to how long it takes?
What happens in interphase?
two
The cell cycle has how many main parts?
interphase and cell division
What are the two main parts to the cell cycle?
31 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Active TransPortation
Passive Transportation
Homeostasis
Diffusion
when cells must move molecule from an area of lower concentra…
some substances can move across the cell membrane without usi…
the steady state of psychological/physical condition of the b…
the movement of molecules from an area of high concentration…
Active TransPortation
when cells must move molecule from an area of lower concentra…
Passive Transportation
some substances can move across the cell membrane without usi…
22 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5 (SJND)
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
equilibrium
a process where cells can cross the cell membrane without any…
the movement of molecules from an area of higher concentratio…
the difference in the concentration of molecules across a dis…
when the concentration of molecules will be the same througho…
passive transport
a process where cells can cross the cell membrane without any…
diffusion
the movement of molecules from an area of higher concentratio…
22 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Homeostatsis
Cell Membrane
Homeostasis - Maintaining a Balance
Structure of the Plasma Membrane
Steady State, allowing things to enter and leave the cell
Boundary of cell & organelles... → Regulate transport processes…
Cells must keep the proper concentration of nutrients and wat…
Lipid bilayer - two sheets of lipids (phospholipids).... Found…
Homeostatsis
Steady State, allowing things to enter and leave the cell
Cell Membrane
Boundary of cell & organelles... → Regulate transport processes…
120 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Sucrose
Chitin
Biological molecules
Enzymes
Made of combining glucose and fructose
A tough polysaccharide that makes up the exoskeleton of arthr…
This group includes the carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and…
Biological catalysts
Sucrose
Made of combining glucose and fructose
Chitin
A tough polysaccharide that makes up the exoskeleton of arthr…
26 terms
Chapter 5 Honors Biology
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
the regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
the division of the cell nucleus and its contents.
the process that divides the cell cytoplasm.
one long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
Cell Cycle
the regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
Mitosis
the division of the cell nucleus and its contents.
18 terms
Honors Biology~ Chapter 5
extiction
biodiversity
genetic diversity
species diversity
an entire species permanently disappears from the biosphere w…
the variety of life in an area that is determined by the numb…
the variety of genes or inheritable characteristics that are…
the number of different species and the relative abundance of…
extiction
an entire species permanently disappears from the biosphere w…
biodiversity
the variety of life in an area that is determined by the numb…
22 terms
Chapter 5 - Honors Biology
binary fission
Binary fission occurs in single-celled…
It produces genetically identical offs…
Fragmentation
The most common form of reproduction among prokaryotes is...
What is the main difference between binary fission and mitosis?
What is true of asexual reproduction?
Starfish that reproduce by splitting into pieces are reproduc…
binary fission
The most common form of reproduction among prokaryotes is...
Binary fission occurs in single-celled…
What is the main difference between binary fission and mitosis?
25 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
cells
nucleus
protoplasm
prokaryotic cells
the basic units of structure and function of living things;th…
small dense round body where the cell's dna is located
the jellylike material that fills the cell
cells lacking distinct membrane- bound structures ; monerans;…
cells
the basic units of structure and function of living things;th…
nucleus
small dense round body where the cell's dna is located
33 terms
Chapter 5; Biology Honors
Cyto
Hyper
Endo
Ex
cell
high: exeeding
within: inner
out
Cyto
cell
Hyper
high: exeeding
23 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 5
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
Equilibrium
Simple Diffusion
The movement of molecules from an area of high concentration…
The difference in the concentration of molecules across a dis…
When the concentration of molecules is the same all throughou…
Diffusion across a membrane, when a molecule diffuses from an…
Diffusion
The movement of molecules from an area of high concentration…
Concentration Gradient
The difference in the concentration of molecules across a dis…
58 terms
Honors Biology- Chapter 5
Fluid Mosaic Model
Selectively Permeable
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
The structure of the cell membrane- diverse protein molecules…
Membrane allowing certain substances to pass through but not…
Tendency for particles to spread out evenly in available spac…
Though molecules move randomly, there is always net movement…
Fluid Mosaic Model
The structure of the cell membrane- diverse protein molecules…
Selectively Permeable
Membrane allowing certain substances to pass through but not…
Honors Biology - Chapter 5 Flashcards ~ Homeostasis & Cellular Transport
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
Equilibrium
process by which some substances can cross the cell membrane…
movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration.
the difference in the concentration of molecules across a dis…
state in which the concentration of molecules will be the sam…
Passive Transport
process by which some substances can cross the cell membrane…
Diffusion
movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration.
Honors Biology: Chapter 5 Review
cell cycle
cytokinesis
mitosis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous genes…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
cytokinesis
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
34 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Fluid Mosiac
Selective Permeability
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
a description of membrane structure
a membrane that allows some substances to cross but not others.
the tendency of particles to spread out evenly throughout a s…
a region where the density of a chemical substance increases…
Fluid Mosiac
a description of membrane structure
Selective Permeability
a membrane that allows some substances to cross but not others.
48 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Cell Theory
Organelles
Cell wall
cell membrane (plasma membrane)
1. The cell is the unit of structure ... 2. The cell is the unit…
the specialized structures in the cytoplasm of cells that car…
the rigid structure that encloses the cells of plants and var…
the structure that encloses the interior of a cell and contro…
Cell Theory
1. The cell is the unit of structure ... 2. The cell is the unit…
Organelles
the specialized structures in the cytoplasm of cells that car…
56 terms
Honors Biology- Chapter 5 Vocab
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
34 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
phagocytosis
pinocytosis
endocytosis
receptor-mediated endocytosis
...
...
...
...
phagocytosis
...
pinocytosis
...
19 terms
Chapter 5 Vocabulary Honors Biology
aerobic
Alcoholic Fermentation
anaerobic
autotroph
A process that requires oxygen to proceed
the anaerobic process by which yeasts and other microorganism…
Describes a process that does not require oxygen.
An organism that makes its own food
aerobic
A process that requires oxygen to proceed
Alcoholic Fermentation
the anaerobic process by which yeasts and other microorganism…
23 terms
Chapter 5 Honors Biology
Diffusion
Passive transport
Osmosis
Tonicity
The tendency for particles to spread out evenly over the avai…
A form of transport where cells have to expend no movement
Diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane
The ability of surrounding solution to cause the cell to gain…
Diffusion
The tendency for particles to spread out evenly over the avai…
Passive transport
A form of transport where cells have to expend no movement
27 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 5
Potential Energy
Energy Coupling
Catalyst
Phosphorylation
stored energy
using energy released from exergonic reactions to drive essen…
a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction wi…
The metabolic process of introducing a phosphate group into a…
Potential Energy
stored energy
Energy Coupling
using energy released from exergonic reactions to drive essen…
48 terms
Chapter 5 Honors Biology
fluid mosaic
selective permeabilty
diffusion
concentration gradient
a structure in which a membrane is composed of a phospholipid…
the ability to allow some substances to cross more easily tha…
the tendency for particles of any kind to spread out evenly i…
the process of particles moving from an area of high concentr…
fluid mosaic
a structure in which a membrane is composed of a phospholipid…
selective permeabilty
the ability to allow some substances to cross more easily tha…
16 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
mono
small molecular unit that is the building block of a larger m…
long chain of monomers
organic compound made up of sugar molecules
one
monomer
small molecular unit that is the building block of a larger m…
polymer
long chain of monomers
55 terms
Biology Honors: Chapter 5
passage of substances across the cell…
ability to maintain a stable environment
movement of molecules from an area of…
difference in the concentration of mol…
passive transport
homeostasis
diffusion
concentration gradient
passage of substances across the cell…
passive transport
ability to maintain a stable environment
homeostasis
39 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Transport
Simple diffusion
Facilitated diffusion
Osmosis
How substances mive within and organism to maintain homeostasis
One way things move in and out of a cell without using energy…
Uses carrier molecules to pass through the membrane because t…
Process by which water diffuses through a membrane
Transport
How substances mive within and organism to maintain homeostasis
Simple diffusion
One way things move in and out of a cell without using energy…
40 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
energy
conservation of energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
the ability to do work
energy can not be created or destroyed, but can be transforme…
the energy of motion
energy an object has because of its location, stored energy
energy
the ability to do work
conservation of energy
energy can not be created or destroyed, but can be transforme…
19 terms
Vocab- Biology Honors Chapter 5
Define Population Density
Define Immigration
Define Emmigration
Define Exponential growth- what shaped…
The number of individuals in an area of a specific size.
moving into a population
leaving a population
growth whose rate becomes ever more rapid in proportion to th…
Define Population Density
The number of individuals in an area of a specific size.
Define Immigration
moving into a population
40 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
When a human cell is placed into water…
Water gets through the phospholipid bi…
Phagocytosis is a type of ________ in…
Which of the following would likely mo…
Water is diffusing across the plasma membrane from a region o…
It is a small molecule
Endocytosis
CO2
When a human cell is placed into water…
Water is diffusing across the plasma membrane from a region o…
Water gets through the phospholipid bi…
It is a small molecule
47 terms
Honors Biology: Chapter 5
cell membranes
phospholipid bilayer
enzymes/enzymatic activity
cholesterol
arrangement of phospholipids that gather together to enclose…
hydrophilic heads on the outside, hydrophobic tails on the in…
proteins that speed up chemical reactions
non-protein, steroid that gives structure to the membrane in…
cell membranes
arrangement of phospholipids that gather together to enclose…
phospholipid bilayer
hydrophilic heads on the outside, hydrophobic tails on the in…
71 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5 Study guide
What kind of energy does a swinging ba…
What kind of energy does a diver at th…
What kind of energy does an expanding…
What kind of energy does the action of…
Kinetic
Potential
Kinetic
Kinetic
What kind of energy does a swinging ba…
Kinetic
What kind of energy does a diver at th…
Potential
50 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 5, 22, & 25
What is the function of Structure E (c…
Identify Structure D.
Identify Structure A.
Structure A is a(n) _______.
to stabilize the phospholipids in the plasma membrane
the phospholipid bilayer of membrane that can be recognized b…
glycoprotein which is composed of both a carbohydrate and a p…
transport protein that allows solute molecules to enter the c…
What is the function of Structure E (c…
to stabilize the phospholipids in the plasma membrane
Identify Structure D.
the phospholipid bilayer of membrane that can be recognized b…
27 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
selective
permeable
selectively permeable
hydrophilic
tending to select; characterized by careful choice
allowing liquids or gases to pass through it
plasma membrane is considered to be selectively permeable bec…
"likes" water ... the circle part of a phospholipid
selective
tending to select; characterized by careful choice
permeable
allowing liquids or gases to pass through it
30 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5 Cell membrane and transport
phospholipid bilayer
transport proteins
channel proteins
carrier proteins
A double layer of phospholipid with hydrophilic heads and hyd…
Proteins in the cell membrane that regulate the movement of w…
Forms pores or channels that allow small water soluble molecu…
Have binding sites that can grab onto specific molecules on o…
phospholipid bilayer
A double layer of phospholipid with hydrophilic heads and hyd…
transport proteins
Proteins in the cell membrane that regulate the movement of w…
45 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 5
Energy
What is energy used for?
Kinetic energy
Conservation of energy
Capacity to cause change
To do work
The energy of motion
Cannot destroy or create energy ONLY CONVERT IT ... Also known a…
Energy
Capacity to cause change
What is energy used for?
To do work
Chapter 5 Honors Biology
Population Density
Geographic Distribution/Range
What factors affect population growth?
Exponential Growth
# of individuals in specific area
Way certain populations inhabit certain areas
Birth and Death Rate, Emigration, Immigration
Population increasing rapidly (larger the population, faster…
Population Density
# of individuals in specific area
Geographic Distribution/Range
Way certain populations inhabit certain areas
42 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Heat
Potential Energy
Is the capacity to perform work and makes change possible.
Energy that is actually doing work
The energy associiated with the movement of molecules in a bo…
Stored energy.
Energy
Is the capacity to perform work and makes change possible.
Kinetic Energy
Energy that is actually doing work
24 terms
HONORS BIOLOGY: Chapter 5
density-dependent limiting factor
density-independent limiting factor
cohort
demographic transition
limiting factor that depends on population density
limiting factor that affects all populations similarly regard…
group of individuals of the same age throughout their lifetime
change in population from high birth and death rates to low o…
density-dependent limiting factor
limiting factor that depends on population density
density-independent limiting factor
limiting factor that affects all populations similarly regard…
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