Study sets matching "biology honors chapter 5 flashcards"

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Study sets matching "biology honors chapter 5 flashcards"

23 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 5 Flashcards
Plasma Membrane
Phospholipid Bilayer
Proteins
Cholesterol
The thin, flexible boundary between the cell and its environm…
Lipid molecules with 2 fatty acid tails and a phosphate layer…
Provide pathways for substances to enter and leave the cell.…
Prevents fatty acid tails from sticking together. Keeps the m…
Plasma Membrane
The thin, flexible boundary between the cell and its environm…
Phospholipid Bilayer
Lipid molecules with 2 fatty acid tails and a phosphate layer…
26 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5 Flashcards
Diffusion
Cell Membrane
Equilibrium
Isotonic
Causes the concentration of molecules to be the same througho…
Helps an organism maintain homeostasis by controlling what en…
State whenever molecular concentration is the same throughout…
When concentration of solutes inside and outside is equal
Diffusion
Causes the concentration of molecules to be the same througho…
Cell Membrane
Helps an organism maintain homeostasis by controlling what en…
*Honors Biology Chapter 5 Review
interphase and mitosis
the longest part of the cell cycle
cells grow, develop, and carry on all…
nuclear division
What are the two main parts to the eukaryotic cell cycle?
What is interphase with respect to how long it takes?
What happens in interphase?
What is mitosis with respect to its type of division?
interphase and mitosis
What are the two main parts to the eukaryotic cell cycle?
the longest part of the cell cycle
What is interphase with respect to how long it takes?
41 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
fluid mosaic
selective permeability
diffusion
concentration gradient
the membrane is a fluid structure with a mosaic of various pr…
A property of biological membranes that allows some substance…
process by which molecules tend to move from an area where th…
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
fluid mosaic
the membrane is a fluid structure with a mosaic of various pr…
selective permeability
A property of biological membranes that allows some substance…
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Diffusion
Concentration gradient
Passive Transport
Facilitated diffusions
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Movement of specific molecules across cell membranes through…
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Concentration gradient
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
31 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Active TransPortation
Passive Transportation
Homeostasis
Diffusion
when cells must move molecule from an area of lower concentra…
some substances can move across the cell membrane without usi…
the steady state of psychological/physical condition of the b…
the movement of molecules from an area of high concentration…
Active TransPortation
when cells must move molecule from an area of lower concentra…
Passive Transportation
some substances can move across the cell membrane without usi…
Chapter 5 Biology Honors
Semipermeable membrane
Membrane transport proteins
Passive transport
Active transport
type of biological membrane that will allow certain molecules…
is a membrane protein involved in the movement of ions, small…
is movement of molecules substances across cell membranes wit…
is movement of molecules across cell membrane in direction ag…
Semipermeable membrane
type of biological membrane that will allow certain molecules…
Membrane transport proteins
is a membrane protein involved in the movement of ions, small…
23 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
passive transport
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
molecules move from high concentration to low concentration a…
the diffusion of water across a cell membrane from an area of…
a solution of equal solute concentration
a solution with a lower solute concentration
passive transport
molecules move from high concentration to low concentration a…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a cell membrane from an area of…
Chapter 5 Honors Biology
organic molecules
carbon has blank valence electrons and…
most complex macromolecules are blank…
how are polymers built?
compose living things and contain the element carbon (INORGAN…
4... other carbon... large, complex molecules in many shapes
polymers, monomers
built through a dehydration reaction where a water molecule i…
organic molecules
compose living things and contain the element carbon (INORGAN…
carbon has blank valence electrons and…
4... other carbon... large, complex molecules in many shapes
Chapter 5 Biology Honors
Semipermeable membrane
Membrane transport proteins
Passive transport
Active transport
type of biological membrane that will allow certain molecules…
is a membrane protein involved in the movement of ions, small…
is movement of molecules substances across cell membranes wit…
is movement of molecules across cell membrane in direction ag…
Semipermeable membrane
type of biological membrane that will allow certain molecules…
Membrane transport proteins
is a membrane protein involved in the movement of ions, small…
147 terms
Biology Honors, Chapter 5
cross section of an animal cell's plas…
structure of phospholipids
glycolipid
glycoprotein
carbohydrate and lipid
carbohydrate and protein
cross section of an animal cell's plas…
structure of phospholipids
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Four major types of Tissue
Epitheal Tissue
Six Specific types of Epitheal Tissue
Simple Squamous
Epitheal, Connective, Muscle,Nervous
A sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a body c…
Simple Squamous, Simple Cuboidal, Simple Columnar, Stratified…
Single Layer of very thin, flattene cells.... Function : Diffusi…
Four major types of Tissue
Epitheal, Connective, Muscle,Nervous
Epitheal Tissue
A sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a body c…
36 terms
Honors Biology- Chapter 5
Glycolysis
Pyruvate
Substrate level phosphorylation
First phase of glycolysis
Means the splitting of sugar... Yields a net gain of two molecul…
ionized form of pyruvic acid
In this process, an enzyme transfers a phosphate group a subs…
Energy investment phase ... Consumes energy... Uses two molecules o…
Glycolysis
Means the splitting of sugar... Yields a net gain of two molecul…
Pyruvate
ionized form of pyruvic acid
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Sucrose
Chitin
Biological molecules
Enzymes
Made of combining glucose and fructose
A tough polysaccharide that makes up the exoskeleton of arthr…
This group includes the carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and…
Biological catalysts
Sucrose
Made of combining glucose and fructose
Chitin
A tough polysaccharide that makes up the exoskeleton of arthr…
208 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
two
interphase and cell division
the longest part of the cell cycle
cells grow, develop, and carry on all…
The cell cycle has how many main parts?
What are the two main parts to the cell cycle?
What is interphase with respect to how long it takes?
What happens in interphase?
two
The cell cycle has how many main parts?
interphase and cell division
What are the two main parts to the cell cycle?
31 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Active TransPortation
Passive Transportation
Homeostasis
Diffusion
when cells must move molecule from an area of lower concentra…
some substances can move across the cell membrane without usi…
the steady state of psychological/physical condition of the b…
the movement of molecules from an area of high concentration…
Active TransPortation
when cells must move molecule from an area of lower concentra…
Passive Transportation
some substances can move across the cell membrane without usi…
18 terms
Biology Honors chapter 5
pyrimidines
hydrolysis
pentose sugar
pentose sugar
has one ring
process that is the reverse of dehydration synthesis
5 sided ring structure:
2 types : ribose + deoxyribose
pyrimidines
has one ring
hydrolysis
process that is the reverse of dehydration synthesis
Honors Biology~ Chapter 5
extiction
biodiversity
genetic diversity
species diversity
an entire species permanently disappears from the biosphere w…
the variety of life in an area that is determined by the numb…
the variety of genes or inheritable characteristics that are…
the number of different species and the relative abundance of…
extiction
an entire species permanently disappears from the biosphere w…
biodiversity
the variety of life in an area that is determined by the numb…
Honors Biology Chapter 5
cells
nucleus
protoplasm
prokaryotic cells
the basic units of structure and function of living things;th…
small dense round body where the cell's dna is located
the jellylike material that fills the cell
cells lacking distinct membrane- bound structures ; monerans;…
cells
the basic units of structure and function of living things;th…
nucleus
small dense round body where the cell's dna is located
Chapter 5 Honors Biology
Anaphase
asexual reproduction
Cell Cycle
Cell plate
third phase of mitosis during which chromatids separate and a…
process by which offspring are produced from a single parent;…
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
a plate that develops at the midpoint between the two groups…
Anaphase
third phase of mitosis during which chromatids separate and a…
asexual reproduction
process by which offspring are produced from a single parent;…
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Fluid Mosiac
Selective Permeability
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
a description of membrane structure
a membrane that allows some substances to cross but not others.
the tendency of particles to spread out evenly throughout a s…
a region where the density of a chemical substance increases…
Fluid Mosiac
a description of membrane structure
Selective Permeability
a membrane that allows some substances to cross but not others.
22 terms
Chapter 5 - Honors Biology
binary fission
Binary fission occurs in single-celled…
It produces genetically identical offs…
Fragmentation
The most common form of reproduction among prokaryotes is...
What is the main difference between binary fission and mitosis?
What is true of asexual reproduction?
Starfish that reproduce by splitting into pieces are reproduc…
binary fission
The most common form of reproduction among prokaryotes is...
Binary fission occurs in single-celled…
What is the main difference between binary fission and mitosis?
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Cell Theory
Organelles
Cell wall
cell membrane (plasma membrane)
1. The cell is the unit of structure ... 2. The cell is the unit…
the specialized structures in the cytoplasm of cells that car…
the rigid structure that encloses the cells of plants and var…
the structure that encloses the interior of a cell and contro…
Cell Theory
1. The cell is the unit of structure ... 2. The cell is the unit…
Organelles
the specialized structures in the cytoplasm of cells that car…
22 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Homeostatsis
Cell Membrane
Homeostasis - Maintaining a Balance
Structure of the Plasma Membrane
Steady State, allowing things to enter and leave the cell
Boundary of cell & organelles... → Regulate transport processes…
Cells must keep the proper concentration of nutrients and wat…
Lipid bilayer - two sheets of lipids (phospholipids).... Found…
Homeostatsis
Steady State, allowing things to enter and leave the cell
Cell Membrane
Boundary of cell & organelles... → Regulate transport processes…
34 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
phagocytosis
pinocytosis
endocytosis
receptor-mediated endocytosis
...
...
...
...
phagocytosis
...
pinocytosis
...
Honors Biology - Chapter 5 Flashcards ~ Homeostasis & Cellular Transport
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
Equilibrium
process by which some substances can cross the cell membrane…
movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration.
the difference in the concentration of molecules across a dis…
state in which the concentration of molecules will be the sam…
Passive Transport
process by which some substances can cross the cell membrane…
Diffusion
movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration.
Biology Honors Chapter 5
Potential Energy
Energy Coupling
Catalyst
Phosphorylation
stored energy
using energy released from exergonic reactions to drive essen…
a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction wi…
The metabolic process of introducing a phosphate group into a…
Potential Energy
stored energy
Energy Coupling
using energy released from exergonic reactions to drive essen…
48 terms
Chapter 5 Honors Biology
fluid mosaic
selective permeabilty
diffusion
concentration gradient
a structure in which a membrane is composed of a phospholipid…
the ability to allow some substances to cross more easily tha…
the tendency for particles of any kind to spread out evenly i…
the process of particles moving from an area of high concentr…
fluid mosaic
a structure in which a membrane is composed of a phospholipid…
selective permeabilty
the ability to allow some substances to cross more easily tha…
23 terms
Chapter 5 Honors Biology
Diffusion
Passive transport
Osmosis
Tonicity
The tendency for particles to spread out evenly over the avai…
A form of transport where cells have to expend no movement
Diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane
The ability of surrounding solution to cause the cell to gain…
Diffusion
The tendency for particles to spread out evenly over the avai…
Passive transport
A form of transport where cells have to expend no movement
16 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
mono
small molecular unit that is the building block of a larger m…
long chain of monomers
organic compound made up of sugar molecules
one
monomer
small molecular unit that is the building block of a larger m…
polymer
long chain of monomers
chapter 5 (biology honors)
What 2 signals cause a cell to divide?
Name 2 external chemical signals
Name 2 external physical signals
Cells have distinct phases of ----, --…
External chemical signals... External physical signals
Human growth hormone... Erythropoietin
Pressure & injury
Growth, reproduction & normal functions
What 2 signals cause a cell to divide?
External chemical signals... External physical signals
Name 2 external chemical signals
Human growth hormone... Erythropoietin
55 terms
Biology Honors: Chapter 5
passage of substances across the cell…
ability to maintain a stable environment
movement of molecules from an area of…
difference in the concentration of mol…
passive transport
homeostasis
diffusion
concentration gradient
passage of substances across the cell…
passive transport
ability to maintain a stable environment
homeostasis
39 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Transport
Simple diffusion
Facilitated diffusion
Osmosis
How substances mive within and organism to maintain homeostasis
One way things move in and out of a cell without using energy…
Uses carrier molecules to pass through the membrane because t…
Process by which water diffuses through a membrane
Transport
How substances mive within and organism to maintain homeostasis
Simple diffusion
One way things move in and out of a cell without using energy…
Honors Biology: Chapter 5
cell membranes
phospholipid bilayer
enzymes/enzymatic activity
cholesterol
arrangement of phospholipids that gather together to enclose…
hydrophilic heads on the outside, hydrophobic tails on the in…
proteins that speed up chemical reactions
non-protein, steroid that gives structure to the membrane in…
cell membranes
arrangement of phospholipids that gather together to enclose…
phospholipid bilayer
hydrophilic heads on the outside, hydrophobic tails on the in…
45 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 5
Energy
What is energy used for?
Kinetic energy
Conservation of energy
Capacity to cause change
To do work
The energy of motion
Cannot destroy or create energy ONLY CONVERT IT ... Also known a…
Energy
Capacity to cause change
What is energy used for?
To do work
Honors Biology: Chapter 5 Review
cell cycle
cytokinesis
mitosis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous genes…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
cytokinesis
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
27 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
selective
permeable
selectively permeable
hydrophilic
tending to select; characterized by careful choice
allowing liquids or gases to pass through it
plasma membrane is considered to be selectively permeable bec…
"likes" water ... the circle part of a phospholipid
selective
tending to select; characterized by careful choice
permeable
allowing liquids or gases to pass through it
Chapter 5 Vocabulary Honors Biology
aerobic
Alcoholic Fermentation
anaerobic
autotroph
A process that requires oxygen to proceed
the anaerobic process by which yeasts and other microorganism…
Describes a process that does not require oxygen.
An organism that makes its own food
aerobic
A process that requires oxygen to proceed
Alcoholic Fermentation
the anaerobic process by which yeasts and other microorganism…
40 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
energy
conservation of energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
the ability to do work
energy can not be created or destroyed, but can be transforme…
the energy of motion
energy an object has because of its location, stored energy
energy
the ability to do work
conservation of energy
energy can not be created or destroyed, but can be transforme…
24 terms
HONORS BIOLOGY: Chapter 5
density-dependent limiting factor
density-independent limiting factor
cohort
demographic transition
limiting factor that depends on population density
limiting factor that affects all populations similarly regard…
group of individuals of the same age throughout their lifetime
change in population from high birth and death rates to low o…
density-dependent limiting factor
limiting factor that depends on population density
density-independent limiting factor
limiting factor that affects all populations similarly regard…
42 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Heat
Potential Energy
Is the capacity to perform work and makes change possible.
Energy that is actually doing work
The energy associiated with the movement of molecules in a bo…
Stored energy.
Energy
Is the capacity to perform work and makes change possible.
Kinetic Energy
Energy that is actually doing work
40 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
When a human cell is placed into water…
Water gets through the phospholipid bi…
Phagocytosis is a type of ________ in…
Which of the following would likely mo…
Water is diffusing across the plasma membrane from a region o…
It is a small molecule
Endocytosis
CO2
When a human cell is placed into water…
Water is diffusing across the plasma membrane from a region o…
Water gets through the phospholipid bi…
It is a small molecule
23 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5 Vocab!
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
equilibrium
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
in biology, a state that exists when the concentration of a s…
passive transport
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
diffusion
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
Honors Biology: Chapter 5
What do transporter proteins do?
What is a cell membrane?
What is the fluid mosaic model?
What do receptor proteins do?
Regulate the movement of substances in and out of cells; fail…
Has a lipid bilayer with many embedded proteins and a continu…
Has phospholipids drifting and moving like liquids, also the…
Its function binds signaling molecules. This binding causes a…
What do transporter proteins do?
Regulate the movement of substances in and out of cells; fail…
What is a cell membrane?
Has a lipid bilayer with many embedded proteins and a continu…
9 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Osmosis
Isotonic
Hypertonic
Hypotonic
Diffusion of water across a semi-permeable membrane
Equal solute concentration
High solute concentration
Lower/lack of solute concentration
Osmosis
Diffusion of water across a semi-permeable membrane
Isotonic
Equal solute concentration
Honors Biology Chapter 5
stages of growth, DNA replication, and…
80
G1 Phase
S phase (Synthesis)
The three stages of cell cycle:
Interphase is ____% of a cell's life span.
normal cell functions occur, growth occurs, and organelles re…
DNA is copied
stages of growth, DNA replication, and…
The three stages of cell cycle:
80
Interphase is ____% of a cell's life span.
Honors Biology Chapter 5
passive transport
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
molecules move from high concentration to low concentration a…
the diffusion of water across a cell membrane from an area of…
a solution of equal solute concentration
a solution with a lower solute concentration
passive transport
molecules move from high concentration to low concentration a…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a cell membrane from an area of…
71 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5 Study guide
What kind of energy does a swinging ba…
What kind of energy does a diver at th…
What kind of energy does an expanding…
What kind of energy does the action of…
Kinetic
Potential
Kinetic
Kinetic
What kind of energy does a swinging ba…
Kinetic
What kind of energy does a diver at th…
Potential
132 terms
Biology Honors, Chapter 5
amphipathic molecule
examples of amphiapathic molecules
hydrophilic molecules
all ________ are __________
has both polar and non polar regions
phospholipids, some proteins
behavior toward water
polar molecules, hydrophilic
amphipathic molecule
has both polar and non polar regions
examples of amphiapathic molecules
phospholipids, some proteins
47 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5
cell membranes
phospholipid bilayer
enzymes
cholesterol
arrangement of phospholipids that gather together to enclose…
hydrophilic heads on the outside, hydrophobic tails on the in…
proteins that speed up chemical reactions by lowering the act…
steroid that gives structure to animal cells only
cell membranes
arrangement of phospholipids that gather together to enclose…
phospholipid bilayer
hydrophilic heads on the outside, hydrophobic tails on the in…
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