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Study sets matching "biology human anatomy chapter 12"

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Study sets matching "biology human anatomy chapter 12"

25 terms
chapter 12-- heart human anatomy
Anemia
Hemophilia
Heart attack
Blocked coronary artery
reduces the ability to make hemoglobin, and red blood cells a…
genetic disorder where clotting of wounds is abnormal and abs…
occurs when one or more of your coronary arteries become bloc…
what can cause muscle in the heart to die?
Anemia
reduces the ability to make hemoglobin, and red blood cells a…
Hemophilia
genetic disorder where clotting of wounds is abnormal and abs…
70 terms
Human Anatomy--Chapter 12
What are the 2 control systems of the…
Endocrine system
What does the endocrine involve?
Nervous system (NS)
-Endocrine... -Nervous system (NS)
Glands communicate with, integrate, and control organs by sec…
A slow response to stimuli, but lasts a long time.
Brain, spinal cord, and nerves communicate, integrate, and co…
What are the 2 control systems of the…
-Endocrine... -Nervous system (NS)
Endocrine system
Glands communicate with, integrate, and control organs by sec…
74 terms
human anatomy chapter 12
the nervous system
central nervous system
gray matter
white matter
• Master control... • Has three overlapping functions... • Sensory…
brain (gray matter)and spinal cord (white matter)... integrating…
in the spinal cord... • H-shaped region - surrounds central cavi…
in the spinal cord... • External to gray matter... • No neuronal ce…
the nervous system
• Master control... • Has three overlapping functions... • Sensory…
central nervous system
brain (gray matter)and spinal cord (white matter)... integrating…
36 terms
Chapter 12- Human Anatomy
Plasma
Erythrocyte
Leukocyte
Thrombocyte
The liquid part of the blood
A red blood cell
A white blood cell
Another name for a platelet, an element active in blood clott…
Plasma
The liquid part of the blood
Erythrocyte
A red blood cell
147 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 12
CNS
Cephalization
Spinal Cord
Brain
Central Nervous System; composed of the brain and spinal cord.
Elaboration of the anterior portion of the CHS. Increases in…
Central cavity surrounded by a gray matter core, external to…
Similar to spinal cord but with additional areas of gray matt…
CNS
Central Nervous System; composed of the brain and spinal cord.
Cephalization
Elaboration of the anterior portion of the CHS. Increases in…
186 terms
Human Anatomy- Chapter 12- The Nervous System
What does the nervous system do?
The nervous system monitors...
Three overlapping functions of the ner…
1. Monitors changes
Continuously monitors and processes sensory informatioiinn bo…
what happens outside the body and inside the body and responds
1. monitors changes... 2. makes decisions... 3. response
sensory receptors monitor changes (stimuli) inside and outsid…
What does the nervous system do?
Continuously monitors and processes sensory informatioiinn bo…
The nervous system monitors...
what happens outside the body and inside the body and responds
87 terms
Visualizing Human Biology: Chapter 12: The Cardiovascular System
Agglutinin
Anastomoses
Bicuspid
Cappilary Beds
An agent that causes cells to clump together
Network or connections between two or more vessels
The Vale between the Left Atrium and left ventricle composed…
An interwoven mat of capillaries threading through a tissue
Agglutinin
An agent that causes cells to clump together
Anastomoses
Network or connections between two or more vessels
20 terms
Chapter 12 Human anatomy
Cephalization
Brain -encephalon
Central sulcus
Gyrus
elaboration anterior, portion of the central nervous system.…
the brain, or that part of the head containing it
separates motor and sensory areas of cerebral cortex
elevated grooves
Cephalization
elaboration anterior, portion of the central nervous system.…
Brain -encephalon
the brain, or that part of the head containing it
40 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 12
Pairs of Cranial nerves and Spinal Ner…
Spinal Meninges
Pia Mater
Arachnoid Mater
-12pairs of cranial nerves... -31pairs of spinal nerves
1. Dura mater... 2. Archnoid mater... 3.Pia Mater
Most superficial layer, bounds to underlying nervous tissue
(Middle Layer) -Subarachnoid space contains CSF that acts lik…
Pairs of Cranial nerves and Spinal Ner…
-12pairs of cranial nerves... -31pairs of spinal nerves
Spinal Meninges
1. Dura mater... 2. Archnoid mater... 3.Pia Mater
52 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 12
Somatic Sensory
Somatic Motor
Visceral Sensory
Visceral Motor
Carries sensation information from the skin, body wall, and l…
Carries instructions from the CNS to skeletal muscle for volu…
Carries sensation information from the internal organs (visce…
Carries instructions from the CNS to the internal organs.
Somatic Sensory
Carries sensation information from the skin, body wall, and l…
Somatic Motor
Carries instructions from the CNS to skeletal muscle for volu…
77 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 12
Pectoralis Minor
Serratus Anterior
Rhomboid Major
Rhomboid Minor
O: Ribs 3-5... I: Coracoid process of Scapula... -Protracts & depre…
O: Ribs 1-8... I: Med. border of scapula... -scapula protracts; sup…
O: Spinous process... I: Med border of scapula... -Adducts scapula…
O: same as major... I: med border to superior spine... - Adducts &…
Pectoralis Minor
O: Ribs 3-5... I: Coracoid process of Scapula... -Protracts & depre…
Serratus Anterior
O: Ribs 1-8... I: Med. border of scapula... -scapula protracts; sup…
147 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 12
CNS
Cephalization
Spinal Cord
Brain
Central Nervous System; composed of the brain and spinal cord.
Elaboration of the anterior portion of the CHS. Increases in…
Central cavity surrounded by a gray matter core, external to…
Similar to spinal cord but with additional areas of gray matt…
CNS
Central Nervous System; composed of the brain and spinal cord.
Cephalization
Elaboration of the anterior portion of the CHS. Increases in…
61 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 12
Ventricles
Third Ventricle
Fourth Ventricle
Cerebral Aqueduct
Paired, inferiorly located heart chambers that function as th…
the central cavity of the brain, lying between the thalamus a…
lies in the hindbrain doors to the pons and superior medulla;…
The slender cavity of the midbrain that connects the third an…
Ventricles
Paired, inferiorly located heart chambers that function as th…
Third Ventricle
the central cavity of the brain, lying between the thalamus a…
37 terms
Biology of Humans Chapter 12
aorta
artery
atrioventricular node
atrioventricular valve
The body's main artery that conducts blood from the left vent…
A large-diameter blood vessel that transports blood away from…
A region of specialized cardiac muscle cells located in the p…
Heart valves located between the atria and the ventricles tha…
aorta
The body's main artery that conducts blood from the left vent…
artery
A large-diameter blood vessel that transports blood away from…
39 terms
Biology - Chapter 12 - Human Genetics
genotype
phenotype
dominant
recessive
an organism's genetic makeup
an organism's physical characteristics or disorders
an allele that masks the other allele
an allele that is masked by a dominant allele
genotype
an organism's genetic makeup
phenotype
an organism's physical characteristics or disorders
121 terms
Biology of Human Sexuality: Chapter 12
At the present time, most experts coun…
Approximately two weeks following a mi…
Tina is 42 years old and pregnant. Bec…
Which stage of labor is usually the lo…
abstain entirely from alcohol because there is no safe dosage…
human chorionic gonadotropin.
amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling (CVS)
the first
At the present time, most experts coun…
abstain entirely from alcohol because there is no safe dosage…
Approximately two weeks following a mi…
human chorionic gonadotropin.
62 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 12
Identify the regions of the spinal cord.
Match the structure in the left column…
Ventral roots consist of only ____ fib…
Match the list of terms on the left wi…
Cervical... Sacral... Thoracic... Lumbar
Dorsal root: Axons of unipolar neurons... Ventral root: Axons o…
Motor
Ventral root: J... Spinal nerve: I... Dorsal root ganglion: H... De…
Identify the regions of the spinal cord.
Cervical... Sacral... Thoracic... Lumbar
Match the structure in the left column…
Dorsal root: Axons of unipolar neurons... Ventral root: Axons o…
90 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 12
Identify the letter that indicates the…
Identify the letter that indicates the…
Identify the letter that indicates a S…
Identify the letter that indicates the…
B
E
C
D
Identify the letter that indicates the…
B
Identify the letter that indicates the…
E
69 terms
Chapter 12 Human Anatomy
endocrine... nervous system
nervous system
endocrine system
-central nervous system... -peripheral ne…
what are two control systems in the body?
brain, spinal cord, and nerves communicates , integrate, and…
glands communicate with, integrate, and control organs by sec…
what are two major division of the Nervous system?
endocrine... nervous system
what are two control systems in the body?
nervous system
brain, spinal cord, and nerves communicates , integrate, and…
90 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 12
Identify the letter that indicates the…
Identify the letter that indicates the…
Identify the letter that indicates a S…
Identify the letter that indicates the…
B
E
C
D
Identify the letter that indicates the…
B
Identify the letter that indicates the…
E
41 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 12
Cephalic:
Cephalization:
General characteristics and surface an…
1. Appearance:... 2. Weight:... 3. size:…
cranium or head
neural/sensory organs towards body's anterior end (cranial) h…
Appearance... Weight ... Size ... Surface anatomy
- Mass of wrinkled, pinkish-gray tissue... - 1,450-1,600 g maki…
Cephalic:
cranium or head
Cephalization:
neural/sensory organs towards body's anterior end (cranial) h…
87 terms
Visualizing Human Biology: Chapter 12: The Cardiovascular System
Agglutinin
Anastomoses
Bicuspid
Cappilary Beds
An agent that causes cells to clump together
Network or connections between two or more vessels
The Vale between the Left Atrium and left ventricle composed…
An interwoven mat of capillaries threading through a tissue
Agglutinin
An agent that causes cells to clump together
Anastomoses
Network or connections between two or more vessels
13 terms
Chapter 12 Human Anatomy
Plasma
Hematocrit (HCT)
Volume
Red Blood Cells (erythrocytes; RBC)
water, proteins, carbohydrates, hormones, electrolytes, celul…
45% cells (mainly RBC) & 55% plasma
5L (avg-sized adult)
No nucleus, biconcave disks filled with hemoglobin
Plasma
water, proteins, carbohydrates, hormones, electrolytes, celul…
Hematocrit (HCT)
45% cells (mainly RBC) & 55% plasma
15 terms
Human anatomy chapter 12
Antigen
Autoimmune
Vaccines
Inflammation
Foreign molecules capable of triggering an immune response
Type of diseases where immune system attacks your own cells
Provide artificially acquired immunity by injecting dead or a…
Redness, swelling, pain
Antigen
Foreign molecules capable of triggering an immune response
Autoimmune
Type of diseases where immune system attacks your own cells
32 terms
Human anatomy chapter 12
Brain
Central sulcus
Gyrus
Frontal lobe
Control center
Separates frontal from parietal' smooth, grows
Elevated ridges
Reasoning, planing, movement, emotions, probl solving
Brain
Control center
Central sulcus
Separates frontal from parietal' smooth, grows
30 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 12
Cephalization
Brain (encephalon)
Central Sulcus
Gyrus
Concentration of sense organs and nerve cells in front of body.
Parts include brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon, cerebral h…
Divides motor and sensory areas of cerebral cortex
"Twisters"; elevated ridges of tissue
Cephalization
Concentration of sense organs and nerve cells in front of body.
Brain (encephalon)
Parts include brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon, cerebral h…
Human Anatomy chapter 12
Functions of Blood
Physical Characteristics of Blood
Blood Plasma
Formed Elements
• Transportation... o Oxygen (lungs) > cells of the body , carri…
• Blood is denser and more viscous than water... • Temperature (…
• Plasma is about 91.5% water and 8.5% solutes... • Plasma prote…
• Formed elements of the blood are cells and cell fragments... •…
Functions of Blood
• Transportation... o Oxygen (lungs) > cells of the body , carri…
Physical Characteristics of Blood
• Blood is denser and more viscous than water... • Temperature (…
40 terms
Human Biology Chapter 12
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
-Support the body by allowing us to st…
-involuntary muscle ... -found in hollow organs and vessels... -spi…
-involuntary muscle ... -found in the heart... -muscle fibers are s…
-voluntary muscle... -attached to the skeleton... -multinucleated... -…
functions of skeletal muscles
Smooth Muscle
-involuntary muscle ... -found in hollow organs and vessels... -spi…
Cardiac Muscle
-involuntary muscle ... -found in the heart... -muscle fibers are s…
29 terms
Chapter 12- Human Anatomy
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
PNS Sensory (afferent)
PNS Motor (efferent)
Consist of brain, spinal cord, integrative and control centers
Spinal and cranial nerves, communication lines between the CN…
Somatic and visceral nerve fibers, consists of nerve fibers c…
Motor nerve fibers, conducts impulses from the CNS to effectors
Central Nervous System
Consist of brain, spinal cord, integrative and control centers
Peripheral Nervous System
Spinal and cranial nerves, communication lines between the CN…
35 terms
Human Anatomy chapter 12
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Brain Stem
Thin layer of gray matter
site of conscious mind- awareness, sensory perception, volunt…
coordinates skeletal muscle, maintains balance
eye and head reflexes, breathing rate, filters sensory impuls…
neuron cell bodies
Cerebrum
site of conscious mind- awareness, sensory perception, volunt…
Cerebellum
coordinates skeletal muscle, maintains balance
59 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 12
specific groups of appendicular muscles
muscles that move the pectoral girdle
muscles that move the pectoral girdle(2)
muscles that move the pectoral girdle(3)
muscles that move the pectoral girdle... muscles that move the…
Originate on the axial skeleton and insert on the clavicle an…
Stabilize the scapula and move it to increase the arm's angle…
Some of the superficial muscles of the thorax are grouped tog…
specific groups of appendicular muscles
muscles that move the pectoral girdle... muscles that move the…
muscles that move the pectoral girdle
Originate on the axial skeleton and insert on the clavicle an…
31 terms
Human Anatomy - Chapter 12
- sensory input... - integration ... - motor…
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
3 Overlapping Function of the Nervous System
sensory receptors monitor changes inside and outside the body…
interprets sensory input and makes decisions
response of effector
- sensory input... - integration ... - motor…
3 Overlapping Function of the Nervous System
Sensory Input
sensory receptors monitor changes inside and outside the body…
16 terms
Human Biology Chapter 12
Functions of the lymphatic system
lymphatic capillaries
lymphatic vessels
lymphatic ducts
•Returns excess interstitial fluid to the bloodstream... •Transp…
•Microscopic closed-ended vessels that absorb interstitial fl…
•Lymphatic capillaries merge into lymphatic vessels... •Connecte…
•Thoracic duct... •Right lymphatic duct
Functions of the lymphatic system
•Returns excess interstitial fluid to the bloodstream... •Transp…
lymphatic capillaries
•Microscopic closed-ended vessels that absorb interstitial fl…
23 terms
Chapter 12-Human Anatomy
Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)--->Struct…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)--->Str…
Sensory (Afferent) division
collects info, processes+evaluates info, and initiates a resp…
*brain+spinal cord... *integrating, processing, coordinating sen…
*cranial nerves, spinal nerves, ganglia... *provide sensory info…
receives sensory info from receptors and transmits this info…
Nervous System
collects info, processes+evaluates info, and initiates a resp…
Central Nervous System (CNS)--->Struct…
*brain+spinal cord... *integrating, processing, coordinating sen…
99 terms
Chapter 12 human anatomy
Afferent
Efferent
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
Approach
Exit
Fight or flight
Rest and digest
Afferent
Approach
Efferent
Exit
51 terms
Human Biology Chapter 12
Type of Blood Vessels and Order of Blo…
Heart
Structure of the Heart
Myocardium
1. Heart ... 2. Artery... 3. Arteriole... 4. Capillary... 5. Venule... 6. Ve…
- muscle pump that contracts rhythmically and provides the fo…
3 layers of tissue:... 1. Myocardium: muscle layer... 2. Endocardiu…
- cardiac muscle tissue... - makes up majority of the heart... - re…
Type of Blood Vessels and Order of Blo…
1. Heart ... 2. Artery... 3. Arteriole... 4. Capillary... 5. Venule... 6. Ve…
Heart
- muscle pump that contracts rhythmically and provides the fo…
24 terms
Human Anatomy: Chapter 12
Neural Tube
Pyramidal Cells
Spatial Discrimination
Multimodal Association Cortex
All of the structures of the CNS originate from the __________.
Tall and conical cells with apex pointed toward brain surface…
Allows us to identify the site or pattern of stimulation
It allows us to tie information that we receive to previous e…
Neural Tube
All of the structures of the CNS originate from the __________.
Pyramidal Cells
Tall and conical cells with apex pointed toward brain surface…
57 terms
Human Biology Chapter 12
Cardiovascular System
Vein
Jugular Veins
Superior vena cava
composed of blood, vessels, and the heart.
carry blood back to the heart.
carry blood from head to the heart.
carries blood from the upper body back to the heart.
Cardiovascular System
composed of blood, vessels, and the heart.
Vein
carry blood back to the heart.
11 terms
Chapter 12 Human Anatomy
The subdivisions of the PNS are the:
T or F?The two divisions of the autono…
T or F?At a chemical synapse between t…
T or F? Neurons in the PNS are always…
Somatic, autonomic, and enteric nervous systems
True
False
False
The subdivisions of the PNS are the:
Somatic, autonomic, and enteric nervous systems
T or F?The two divisions of the autono…
True
16 terms
Chapter 12 - Human Biology
the fascia surrounding the muscle are…
the contractile unit of a myofibril is…
a muscle pulling opposite to another c…
function of skeletal muscle
fibrous connective tissue
sarcomere
antagonist
heat producton, posture, and movement
the fascia surrounding the muscle are…
fibrous connective tissue
the contractile unit of a myofibril is…
sarcomere
80 terms
Human Biology: Chapter 12
electrolytes
urea
urinary excretion
urine
ions that carry an electric current when dissolved in fluid
the main waste product from protein breakdown
removal of excess or unwanted water and solutes from the body…
fluid produced and eliminated from the body during the proces…
electrolytes
ions that carry an electric current when dissolved in fluid
urea
the main waste product from protein breakdown
Human Anatomy Chapter 12
Covering of heart
Two upper chambers of the heart also K…
Two lower chambers of the heart also K…
Blood clot
Pericardium
Atria
Ventricles
Thrombus
Covering of heart
Pericardium
Two upper chambers of the heart also K…
Atria
30 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 12
endocrine system
nervous system
functions of the nervous system
neurons
glands communicate with, integrate and control organs by secr…
brain, spinal cord, and nerves communicate, integrate and con…
allow sensory input, performs integration, stimulates motor o…
carry nerve impulses, do not divide, live and function for a…
endocrine system
glands communicate with, integrate and control organs by secr…
nervous system
brain, spinal cord, and nerves communicate, integrate and con…
40 terms
human biology (chapter 12)
smooth
cardiac
skeletal
isometric contraction
involuntary muscle found in hallow organs and vessels
involuntary muscle found in the heart
voluntary muscle that's attached to the skeleton
without movement
smooth
involuntary muscle found in hallow organs and vessels
cardiac
involuntary muscle found in the heart
90 terms
human anatomy chapter 12
what are general senses
General senses include:
what are special senses
special sense include:
those senses with receptors widely distributed throughout the…
skin, varioius organs and joints
more specialized receptors and are confined to structures in…
eyes, ears, nose, and mouth
what are general senses
those senses with receptors widely distributed throughout the…
General senses include:
skin, varioius organs and joints
18 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 12
Immune System Functions
Lymphatic System Functions
Function of Granulocytes
Types of Lymphocytes
-Defend against pathogens or other external "non-self" threat…
-House and support immune cells... -Screen and return some inter…
Ingest and digest foreign material
-T lymphocytes... -B lymphocytes... -Natural killer (NK) cells
Immune System Functions
-Defend against pathogens or other external "non-self" threat…
Lymphatic System Functions
-House and support immune cells... -Screen and return some inter…
Human Anatomy Chapter 12
Macrophages
Afferent lymph vessels
Efferent lymph vessels
Pathogens
Live in diffuse lymphatic tissue of the lymph node "eat" any…
More than one vessel that brings lymph nodules in the small i…
Only one vessel per node that takes the filtered lymph out of…
Damaging or harmful invaders that cause us to become sick.
Macrophages
Live in diffuse lymphatic tissue of the lymph node "eat" any…
Afferent lymph vessels
More than one vessel that brings lymph nodules in the small i…
22 terms
Human Biology: Chapter 12
Three types of muscle tissues
What are the functions of skeletal mus…
How are skeletal muscles arranged?
Tendon
smooth, Cardiac, and Skeletal
Support the body, movement of bones, maintain body temperatur…
tendon, origin, insertion
Connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
Three types of muscle tissues
smooth, Cardiac, and Skeletal
What are the functions of skeletal mus…
Support the body, movement of bones, maintain body temperatur…
66 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 12
Endocrine System & Nervous System
Endocrine System
Nervous System
Nervous System
Two organ systems dedicated to maintaining internal coordinat…
Chemical messengers (hormones) delivered to the bloodstream
Employs electrical and chemical means to send messages (nerve…
Processes the information and determines what response is app…
Endocrine System & Nervous System
Two organ systems dedicated to maintaining internal coordinat…
Endocrine System
Chemical messengers (hormones) delivered to the bloodstream
33 terms
Human Biology Chapter 12
Lungs
Pleura
Pleural Cavity
Breathing
Animal gas exchange organs of breathing
Lung-enclosing serous membranes that serve to reduce friction…
Volume within animals containing the lungs
Exchange by animals of gasses with those in the air as mediat…
Lungs
Animal gas exchange organs of breathing
Pleura
Lung-enclosing serous membranes that serve to reduce friction…
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