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Study sets matching "biology human body system"

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Study sets matching "biology human body system"

22 terms
Biology: Human Body Systems
structures in reproductive system
main functions of reproductive system
structures involved in digestive system
main functions of digestive system
male: testes and penis ... female: vagina, uterus, ovaries
produce sperm and egg cells, transport and support the cells,…
mouth, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, panc…
digestion and absorption: takes the food we ingest, breaks it…
structures in reproductive system
male: testes and penis ... female: vagina, uterus, ovaries
main functions of reproductive system
produce sperm and egg cells, transport and support the cells,…
Biology Human Body Systems
Cell
Tissue
Organ
Organ system
A membrane bound structure that contains biomolecules such as…
In complex organisms, cells group together with one another b…
A group of tissues that perform a specific function or group…
A group of organs that work together to carry out a particula…
Cell
A membrane bound structure that contains biomolecules such as…
Tissue
In complex organisms, cells group together with one another b…
11 terms
Biology human body system
Digestive
circulatory
nervous
excretory
1.take in food ... 2.digest food into smaller molecules and abso…
transport materials to and from cells
1.gathers and interprets information... 2.responds to informatio…
1.removes waste products from cellular metabolism... 2.filters b…
Digestive
1.take in food ... 2.digest food into smaller molecules and abso…
circulatory
transport materials to and from cells
70 terms
AP Biology: Human Body Systems
anterior vena cava
pulmonary artery
arteries
veins
(circulatory)... collects blood from upper part of body to retur…
(circulatory)... Carries deoxygentated blood from the heart to t…
(circulatory)... Blood vessels that carry blood away from the he…
(circulatory)... Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
anterior vena cava
(circulatory)... collects blood from upper part of body to retur…
pulmonary artery
(circulatory)... Carries deoxygentated blood from the heart to t…
23 terms
Human body system. Biology
What makes up the central nervous syst…
What makes up the peripheral nervous s…
Give three examples of voluntary actio…
What is a synapse?
brain and spinal cord
Nerves and all part of the nervous system excluding the brain…
Walking, talking, and eating.
The gap between neurons; the space across which an impulse tr…
What makes up the central nervous syst…
brain and spinal cord
What makes up the peripheral nervous s…
Nerves and all part of the nervous system excluding the brain…
biology human body systems
function of the digestive system
digestive process begins in the
mastication
esophagus
the mechanical and chemical breakdown of foods for use by the…
mouth
break down of food into smaller pieces
muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
function of the digestive system
the mechanical and chemical breakdown of foods for use by the…
digestive process begins in the
mouth
26 terms
biology (human body systems)
anatomy
physiology
homeostasis
negative feedback systems
structure
function
The ability of the body to maintain stable conditions and to…
maintain homeostasis
anatomy
structure
physiology
function
9 terms
Biology- Human Body System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Excretory System
-Structure: bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons ... -Function:…
-Structure: skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle ... -…
-Structure: brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves ... -Function:…
-Structure: skin, lungs, kidneys, uterus, urinary bladder, ur…
Skeletal System
-Structure: bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons ... -Function:…
Muscular System
-Structure: skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle ... -…
20 terms
Biology Human body system
Nervous system functions
Nervous system important organs
Nervous system Other facts
Skin purpose
Collects information about external environment... processes sti…
Brain... spinal cord... nerves
functional unit-neuron... divided into a sensory and motor divis…
Protection... Temperature regulation... excretion... gather informatio…
Nervous system functions
Collects information about external environment... processes sti…
Nervous system important organs
Brain... spinal cord... nerves
Biology, Human Body Systems
homeostasis
negative feedback
positive feedback
thermoregulation
regulation and maintenance of constant internal conditions in…
control system for homeostasis that adjusts the body's condit…
control system in which sensory information causes the body t…
process of the body maintaining a stable internal temperature…
homeostasis
regulation and maintenance of constant internal conditions in…
negative feedback
control system for homeostasis that adjusts the body's condit…
23 terms
Human body systems biology
Circulatory system-Major structures
Circulatory system-Functions
Digestive system-Major structures
Digestive system-Functions
Heart, blood vessels... Lymph nodes and vessels (the lymphatic s…
Transports nutrients, wastes, hormones and gases... Carries wast…
Mouth, throat, esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, small and…
Absorbs (takes in) nutrients from food and extracts (takes ou…
Circulatory system-Major structures
Heart, blood vessels... Lymph nodes and vessels (the lymphatic s…
Circulatory system-Functions
Transports nutrients, wastes, hormones and gases... Carries wast…
57 terms
Biology- Human Body Systems
What are the four levels of organizati…
List the organ systems
See other quizlet for body system basi…
What surrounds your heart?
Cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems
Muscular... Respiratory... Nervous... Excretory... Reproductive... Digestive…
...
Peracardium
What are the four levels of organizati…
Cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems
List the organ systems
Muscular... Respiratory... Nervous... Excretory... Reproductive... Digestive…
21 terms
Biology:Human Body System
Axon
Reflex
Epithelial tissue
Dendrite
Long fiber that carries impulses away from the cell body of a…
Quick automatic response to a stimulus
Tissue that covers the surface of the body and Lines internal…
Extensions of the cell body of a neuron that carries impulses…
Axon
Long fiber that carries impulses away from the cell body of a…
Reflex
Quick automatic response to a stimulus
13 terms
Biology Human Body System
Cell:
Organs:
Organ Systems:
Types of Tissue
basic unit of structure and function in living things
a group of different types of tissues that perform a single f…
group of organs that perform closely-related functions
Connective Tissue... Muscle Tissue... Epithelial Tissue... Nervous Tis…
Cell:
basic unit of structure and function in living things
Organs:
a group of different types of tissues that perform a single f…
32 terms
Biology Human Body System
Peripheral nervous system
Central nervous system
Cell body
Dendrite
The nervous system outside the brain and spinal chord
The complex nerve tissues that controls the activities of the…
The nucleus containing central part of a neuron exclusive of…
A short branched extension of a never cell, along with impuls…
Peripheral nervous system
The nervous system outside the brain and spinal chord
Central nervous system
The complex nerve tissues that controls the activities of the…
10 terms
biology human body systems
endocrine system
muscular system
steroid
non steroid
release chemicals called hormones that send messages to the b…
the only tissue in the body that is able to contract (produce…
can enter the cell it contrasts
cannot enter the cell but can trigger a domino of reactions
endocrine system
release chemicals called hormones that send messages to the b…
muscular system
the only tissue in the body that is able to contract (produce…
66 terms
Human Body Systems Biology
specialized cell
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Nervous tissue
Uniquely suited to perform a particular function.
Includes glands and tissues that cover interior and exterior…
Provides support for body and connects its parts.
Transmits nerve impulses throughout the body.
specialized cell
Uniquely suited to perform a particular function.
Epithelial tissue
Includes glands and tissues that cover interior and exterior…
10 terms
biology human body system
thermoregulation
cell differentiation
what are the levels or organization in…
what are the chemical messengers of th…
process by which the body regulates its internal temperature…
process by which committed cells acquire the structures and c…
cells, tissue, organs, organ system, and organism
hormones
thermoregulation
process by which the body regulates its internal temperature…
cell differentiation
process by which committed cells acquire the structures and c…
48 terms
Biology Final (HUMAN BODY SYSTEM)
Amylase
Bolus
pharynx
Epiglottis
An enzyme that digests starch into disaccharides. Amylase is…
A term used to describe food after it has been chewed and mix…
The throat
A flab of tissue that prevents food from entering the trachea…
Amylase
An enzyme that digests starch into disaccharides. Amylase is…
Bolus
A term used to describe food after it has been chewed and mix…
13 terms
Biology human body systems
Nervous system
Integumentary system
Skeletal system
Muscular system
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
Serves as a barrier against infection and injury; helps to re…
Supports the body; protects internal organs; allows movement;…
Works with skeletal system to produce voluntary movement;help…
Nervous system
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
Integumentary system
Serves as a barrier against infection and injury; helps to re…
90 terms
human body systems biology
Digestive System
Mouth
Pharynx
Epiglottis
-Converts food into simpler molecules that can be used by cel…
The first stop in the disassembly of your food; ... Mechanical…
throat
Small flap that closes over the opening of the respiratory sy…
Digestive System
-Converts food into simpler molecules that can be used by cel…
Mouth
The first stop in the disassembly of your food; ... Mechanical…
30 terms
Biology human body systems
Axon
Myelin sheath
Dendrite
Cell body
Takes electric impulses away from the cell body
Protects axon and helps impulses travel faster
Moves electrical messages towards the cell body
Contains the organelle of the cell
Axon
Takes electric impulses away from the cell body
Myelin sheath
Protects axon and helps impulses travel faster
26 terms
biology - human body systems
integumentary system
layers of the skin
acne
burns
- hair, skin, nails, sweat glands, oil glands... -maintains cons…
1. epidermis: outermost layer, melanocytes... 2. dermis: tough c…
oil glands overstimulated, bacteria can contribute
1st degree: sunburn... 2nd degree: deeper with blisters... 3rd degr…
integumentary system
- hair, skin, nails, sweat glands, oil glands... -maintains cons…
layers of the skin
1. epidermis: outermost layer, melanocytes... 2. dermis: tough c…
176 terms
Biology Human Body systems
anatomy
physiology
tissue
connective tissue
study of the structure of an organism's body parts
study of the functions of an organism's body parts
group of cells that work cooperatively
consists of cells scattered throughout the extracellular matrix
anatomy
study of the structure of an organism's body parts
physiology
study of the functions of an organism's body parts
23 terms
Biology: Human Body Systems
Nervous system: Structures
Nervous system: Function
Integumentary System: Structures
Integumentary System: Function
Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
Skin, hair, nails, sweat, and oil glands
Serves as a barrier against infection and injury; helps to re…
Nervous system: Structures
Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
Nervous system: Function
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
11 terms
biology human body systems
integumentary
skeletal
muscular
digestive
protection of the body/ prevent microbes/ regulate temperature
to support you and to create body structure
provides structure and strength
to break down foods and move them throughout the body
integumentary
protection of the body/ prevent microbes/ regulate temperature
skeletal
to support you and to create body structure
23 terms
Biology: Human Body Systems
Nervous system: Structures
Nervous system: Function
Integumentary System: Structures
Integumentary System: Function
Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
Skin, hair, nails, sweat, and oil glands
Serves as a barrier against infection and injury; helps to re…
Nervous system: Structures
Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
Nervous system: Function
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
34 terms
Biology Human Body Systems
Nervous System
Muscular System
Skeletal System
Immune/Lymph System
Brain, spinal cord, nerves
Skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, and cardiac muscle
Bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons
White blood cells, thymus, spleen, lymph nodes, lymph vessels
Nervous System
Brain, spinal cord, nerves
Muscular System
Skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, and cardiac muscle
30 terms
Biology Human Body Systems
Cells
Tissue
Organ
Organ system
Basic unit of life
Clusters of cells performing a similar function
Made of tissues that perform one specific function
Groups of organs that perform a specific purpose in the human…
Cells
Basic unit of life
Tissue
Clusters of cells performing a similar function
22 terms
Biology Human Body Systems
Nervous System Structures
Nervous System Functions
Integumentary System Structures
Integumentary System Functions
Brain, spinal cord, nerves.
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
Skin, hair, nails, sweat and oil glands.
Guards against infection, injury and ultraviolet radiation fr…
Nervous System Structures
Brain, spinal cord, nerves.
Nervous System Functions
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
33 terms
Biology Human Body Systems
actin
myelin sheath
Myosin
brain stem
protein that mainly makes up the thin filaments in striations…
insulating membrane surrounding the axon in some neurons
protein that makes up thick filaments in skeletal muscle fibers
structure that connects the brain and spinal chord; includes…
actin
protein that mainly makes up the thin filaments in striations…
myelin sheath
insulating membrane surrounding the axon in some neurons
31 terms
Biology: Human Body Systems
Cells, tissue, organs, organ systems
Epithelial tissue, connective tissue,…
Epithelial tissue
Gland
List the levels of organisation from smallest to largest.
What are four types of tissues from the human body?
What type of tissue covers interior and exterior body surfaces?
What is a structure that makes and secretes or releases a par…
Cells, tissue, organs, organ systems
List the levels of organisation from smallest to largest.
Epithelial tissue, connective tissue,…
What are four types of tissues from the human body?
21 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Human Body Systems
arteries
voluntary muscles
excretory system
fatty layer
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
muscles you can control.
a series of organs that get rid of cell wastes in the form of…
protects the body's organs and keeps in heat.
arteries
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
voluntary muscles
muscles you can control.
34 terms
Biology human body systems
Mouth/teeth
Esophagus(the bolus)
Liver
Stomach
Breakdown food w/saliva
Moves food, joins mouth and stomach
Stores and secretes bile; stabilizes blood sugar
Stores and breaks food down
Mouth/teeth
Breakdown food w/saliva
Esophagus(the bolus)
Moves food, joins mouth and stomach
38 terms
Human Body Systems - Biology
Function of the Circulatory System
Function of the Digestive System
Function of the Endocrine System
Function of the Excretory System
Transports nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food
Regulates body temperature, metabolism, development,and repro…
Removes waste from blood; regulates concentration of body flu…
Function of the Circulatory System
Transports nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Function of the Digestive System
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food
38 terms
Human biology: Systems of the body
Skeletal
Muscular
Circulatory
Respiratory
Functions: provides structure; supports and protects internal…
Functions:provides structure; supports and moves trunk and li…
Functions: transports nutrients, hormones, and gases, gets ri…
Functions: carries air into and out of lungs, where gases (o2…
Skeletal
Functions: provides structure; supports and protects internal…
Muscular
Functions:provides structure; supports and moves trunk and li…
15 terms
Biology: Human Body Systems
What structures are involved in the in…
What are the main functions of the int…
Excretory System
What are the organs involved in the ex…
the skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands
To protect the body from the outside world... It also functions…
the group of organs responsible for the excretion (getting ri…
the kidneys, the ureters, the urethra, and the bladder
What structures are involved in the in…
the skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands
What are the main functions of the int…
To protect the body from the outside world... It also functions…
11 terms
Biology Human Body (Systems of the Body)
Integumenty
Skeletal
Muscular
Nervous
deals with your skin... Which is the largest organ in your body…
all of the bones of your body ... 206 bones in your body... It give…
all of the muscles in your body and cause movement ... Movement…
is made up of your brain and spinial cord and all the nerves…
Integumenty
deals with your skin... Which is the largest organ in your body…
Skeletal
all of the bones of your body ... 206 bones in your body... It give…
71 terms
Biology Human Body Systems
What are the structures in the skeleta…
What do the ligaments do?
What are the 2 main types of bones?
What are the bones in the appendicular…
bones, ligaments, joints
hold and connect bones to each other
long bones and flat bones
arms, legs, scapula, clavicle, and pelvis
What are the structures in the skeleta…
bones, ligaments, joints
What do the ligaments do?
hold and connect bones to each other
58 terms
Biology: Human Body Systems
What is a tissue?
What are the four types of tissue foun…
What is the function of epithelial tis…
What is the function of connective tis…
A group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, and Nervous (TEN.CoM)
Lines the interior and exterior body surfaces. Examples: Skin…
Provides support for the body and connects its parts. Example…
What is a tissue?
A group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
What are the four types of tissue foun…
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, and Nervous (TEN.CoM)
31 terms
Biology - human body systems
digestive system
reproductive
muscular
skeletal
breakdown food.... mouth, stomach, intestines.
produce offspring.... sperm,egg
responsible for voluntary and involuntary movement.... bicep,tr…
produce blood cells, movement,protect organs.... ribs, bones, te…
digestive system
breakdown food.... mouth, stomach, intestines.
reproductive
produce offspring.... sperm,egg
14 terms
Biology - Human Body Systems
What is the Excretory System?
What is the Nervous System?
What is the Circulatory System?
What is the Skeletal System?
...
Controls mental and physical activity
Delivers nutrients and oxygen to cells
Protects and supports the body, allows you to move
What is the Excretory System?
...
What is the Nervous System?
Controls mental and physical activity
133 terms
Honors Biology Human Body Systems
Tissues
Organ
body System
White Blood Cells
Groups of similar cells preforming a common function
a group of different kinds of tissues functioning together to…
2 or more organs working together to accomplish a particular…
-Leukocytes that defend against body disease
Tissues
Groups of similar cells preforming a common function
Organ
a group of different kinds of tissues functioning together to…
35 terms
Biology Unit: Human Body Systems
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
muscular tissue
nervous tissue
covers body surfaces, lines body cavities and forms glands; h…
binds and supports body parts
moves body and its parts, comprised of protein fibers
receives stimuli and transmits nerve impulses
epithelial tissue
covers body surfaces, lines body cavities and forms glands; h…
connective tissue
binds and supports body parts
63 terms
Biology Final: Human Body Systems
Mouth/ Teeth
Salivary Glands
Pharynx
Esophagus
start the mechanical process of digestion. They break up food…
produce saliva, a mixture of water, mucus, and a digestive en…
carries the food to the esophagus
when you swallow food, muscles in your ________ contract to p…
Mouth/ Teeth
start the mechanical process of digestion. They break up food…
Salivary Glands
produce saliva, a mixture of water, mucus, and a digestive en…
18 terms
Biology- Human Body "Skeletal System"
Skeletal System
Appendicular Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Cartilage
Includes bones and connective tissues holding bones together.
Legs, arms, feet, and hands. Along with pelvic and pectoral g…
Includes skull, vertebrae, ribs, and sternum
Flexible tissue that cushions your joints
Skeletal System
Includes bones and connective tissues holding bones together.
Appendicular Skeleton
Legs, arms, feet, and hands. Along with pelvic and pectoral g…
13 terms
Biology- Human Body "Muscular System"
Muscular System
Muscle Fibers
Skeletal Muscle
These make you quick
Moves bones and joints. Pushes substances such as blood, food…
Muscles cells that contract or shorten when simulated by nerv…
Attaches bone to tendons
Fast-twitch fibers
Muscular System
Moves bones and joints. Pushes substances such as blood, food…
Muscle Fibers
Muscles cells that contract or shorten when simulated by nerv…
18 terms
Biology- Human Body "Integumentary System"
Integumentary System
Keratin- waterproof protein=
Epidermis
Epidermis Contains
Skin, hair, nails, oil glands, and sweat glands
Hair and nails
Outermost layer of your skin (non-living)
Pores through which sweat , oils, and salts can leave the ski…
Integumentary System
Skin, hair, nails, oil glands, and sweat glands
Keratin- waterproof protein=
Hair and nails
135 terms
Human Biology- Body parts/systems
Integumentary
Circulatory
Respiratory
Lymphatic
the skin and its appendages. Also including the Epidermis, De…
the heart and blood vessels that circulate blood through the…
brings air into the body and removes carbon dioxide. It inclu…
Maintains immunity and fluid balance throughout the body. als…
Integumentary
the skin and its appendages. Also including the Epidermis, De…
Circulatory
the heart and blood vessels that circulate blood through the…
6 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Human Body System
Skeletal
Muscular
Digestive
Endocrine
Protects and supports
Allows Movement
Break down food
Controls activities
Skeletal
Protects and supports
Muscular
Allows Movement
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