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Study sets matching "biology human body"

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Study sets matching "biology human body"

30 terms
BIOLOGY- HUMAN BODY DIAGRAM
Cranium
Mandible
Clavicle
Sternum
Skull
Lower jaw
Collar bone
Breast bone
Cranium
Skull
Mandible
Lower jaw
Biology Human Body Systems
Cell
Tissue
Organ
Organ system
A membrane bound structure that contains biomolecules such as…
In complex organisms, cells group together with one another b…
A group of tissues that perform a specific function or group…
A group of organs that work together to carry out a particula…
Cell
A membrane bound structure that contains biomolecules such as…
Tissue
In complex organisms, cells group together with one another b…
22 terms
Biology: Human Body Systems
structures in reproductive system
main functions of reproductive system
structures involved in digestive system
main functions of digestive system
male: testes and penis ... female: vagina, uterus, ovaries
produce sperm and egg cells, transport and support the cells,…
mouth, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, panc…
digestion and absorption: takes the food we ingest, breaks it…
structures in reproductive system
male: testes and penis ... female: vagina, uterus, ovaries
main functions of reproductive system
produce sperm and egg cells, transport and support the cells,…
17 terms
Biology (Human Body)
Arteries
Veins
Capillaries
Role of red blood cells
Carry blood away from the heart.
Carry blood to the heart.
Tiny blood vessels that allow for exchange of gases, nutrient…
Carry oxygen from the lungs to all body cells.
Arteries
Carry blood away from the heart.
Veins
Carry blood to the heart.
103 terms
Biology Human Body Unit
Muscle Tissue; Types of Muscle Tissue
Nervous Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue; Types of Connective…
Enables movement; ... -Skeletal Muscles: Moves bones (voluntary)…
Sends messages in body (brain, spinal cord, nerves)
Lines body organs (skin, hair, nails)
Supports, protects, and insulates body;... Ex. Bone, Cartilage,…
Muscle Tissue; Types of Muscle Tissue
Enables movement; ... -Skeletal Muscles: Moves bones (voluntary)…
Nervous Tissue
Sends messages in body (brain, spinal cord, nerves)
25 terms
Biology_The human body- part 3
nervous system
control
body parts
move
Nervensystem
kontrollieren
Körperteile
bewegen
nervous system
Nervensystem
control
kontrollieren
39 terms
Human Biology (overview of the body)
Anatomical position
Sagittal plane
Midsagittal plane
Frontal (coronal) plane
standing erect, facing the viewer, hands held down along the…
Dividing the body into left and right portions
Equal right and left portions
Divides the body into front and back portions
Anatomical position
standing erect, facing the viewer, hands held down along the…
Sagittal plane
Dividing the body into left and right portions
Biology Bones and Human Body
scapula
humerus
ulna
radius
shoulder blade
upper arm bone
bone of the lower arm (pinky side)
bone of the lower arm (thumb side)
scapula
shoulder blade
humerus
upper arm bone
52 terms
Biology- The Human Body
artery
vein
capillaries
aorta
takes blood away from the heart
delivers blood to the heart
smallest blood vessel; exchanges gas, waste, and nutrients
takes blood away from the heart from the left ventricle to th…
artery
takes blood away from the heart
vein
delivers blood to the heart
21 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Human Body Systems
arteries
voluntary muscles
excretory system
fatty layer
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
muscles you can control.
a series of organs that get rid of cell wastes in the form of…
protects the body's organs and keeps in heat.
arteries
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
voluntary muscles
muscles you can control.
70 terms
AP Biology: Human Body Systems
anterior vena cava
pulmonary artery
arteries
veins
(circulatory)... collects blood from upper part of body to retur…
(circulatory)... Carries deoxygentated blood from the heart to t…
(circulatory)... Blood vessels that carry blood away from the he…
(circulatory)... Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
anterior vena cava
(circulatory)... collects blood from upper part of body to retur…
pulmonary artery
(circulatory)... Carries deoxygentated blood from the heart to t…
14 terms
Biology Human Body
Branch-
Cardi-
Carpal-
Endo-
wind pipe
heart
wrist
inside
Branch-
wind pipe
Cardi-
heart
11 terms
Biology human body system
Digestive
circulatory
nervous
excretory
1.take in food ... 2.digest food into smaller molecules and abso…
transport materials to and from cells
1.gathers and interprets information... 2.responds to informatio…
1.removes waste products from cellular metabolism... 2.filters b…
Digestive
1.take in food ... 2.digest food into smaller molecules and abso…
circulatory
transport materials to and from cells
24 terms
biology muscles of the human body
bicep
tricep
deltoid
trapezius
what muscle is the arrow pointing too?
what muscle is the arrow pointing too?
what muscle is the arrow pointing too?
what muscle is found in the purple location?
bicep
what muscle is the arrow pointing too?
tricep
what muscle is the arrow pointing too?
16 terms
Biology-Human Body
Patterns:
Complexity:
Longevity:
Anatomy:
Deals with the visible, orderly outcomes of self-organization…
We study the human body because it is complex.
We want to live longer.
The structure and parts of the body.
Patterns:
Deals with the visible, orderly outcomes of self-organization…
Complexity:
We study the human body because it is complex.
13 terms
Biology Human Body Vocabulary
Keratin
Ligament
Tendon
Epidermis
Tough fibrous protein found in skin
Tough connective tissue that holds bones together in a joint
Tough connective tissue that connects skeletal muscles to bones
In humans,the outer layer of the skin
Keratin
Tough fibrous protein found in skin
Ligament
Tough connective tissue that holds bones together in a joint
52 terms
Human Body Biology
4 types of tissues
3 types of muscle tissue
Cardiac
Skeletal
Muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
Skeletal, smooth, cardiac
Found in heart
What we usually think of ex: biceps
4 types of tissues
Muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
3 types of muscle tissue
Skeletal, smooth, cardiac
17 terms
Biology: Human Body
vein
small intestine
cell
organ
A blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart chambers.…
Digestion and absorption of food occurs in the small intestin…
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function…
vein
A blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart chambers.…
small intestine
Digestion and absorption of food occurs in the small intestin…
28 terms
Human Body Review - Biology H
Appendicular Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
bursa
compact bone
includes the bones of the arms and legs, the shoulder and hip…
a part of the skeleton that includes the skull and the bones…
fluid-filled sac located on the outside of some joints; sacs…
hard bone composed of repeating units of osteon systems; this…
Appendicular Skeleton
includes the bones of the arms and legs, the shoulder and hip…
Axial Skeleton
a part of the skeleton that includes the skull and the bones…
20 terms
Biology Inside the Human Body
skeleton
bone
skull
jaw
esquelético
hueso
cráneo
mandíbula
skeleton
esquelético
bone
hueso
39 terms
Human Biology (overview of the body)
Anatomical position
Sagittal plane
Midsagittal plane
Frontal (coronal) plane
standing erect, facing the viewer, hands held down along the…
Dividing the body into left and right portions
Equal right and left portions
Divides the body into front and back portions
Anatomical position
standing erect, facing the viewer, hands held down along the…
Sagittal plane
Dividing the body into left and right portions
140 terms
Biology Human Body Quiz
Transports gases and solutes throughou…
A major supply depot where blood can p…
what is the function of the respirator…
what percent of air is oxygen?
Circulatory System
respiratory system
bring oxygen into body , expel co2 and water vapor
21
Transports gases and solutes throughou…
Circulatory System
A major supply depot where blood can p…
respiratory system
21 terms
Human Biology: Body parts
Thoracic
Digitals
Orbital
Oral
Chest
Fingers and toes
Eyeball
Mouth
Thoracic
Chest
Digitals
Fingers and toes
46 terms
Biology 107: human body
Cranial cavity
Spinal cavity
Distal
Proximal
Brain; fluid between cranium and brain
Spinal cord; cranial and spinal cavity all one unit.
Farthest from the trunk
Closest to the trunk
Cranial cavity
Brain; fluid between cranium and brain
Spinal cavity
Spinal cord; cranial and spinal cavity all one unit.
biology human body systems
function of the digestive system
digestive process begins in the
mastication
esophagus
the mechanical and chemical breakdown of foods for use by the…
mouth
break down of food into smaller pieces
muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
function of the digestive system
the mechanical and chemical breakdown of foods for use by the…
digestive process begins in the
mouth
74 terms
Biology Human Body
negative feedback
Hormones
Joint
Immovable joints
A process in which a system is turned off by the condition it…
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
The place where two bones come together.
a joint where bones are connected in a way that allows little…
negative feedback
A process in which a system is turned off by the condition it…
Hormones
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
47 terms
Biology- human body.
What is the name of the type of cell d…
Number of cell divisions.
Number of chromosomes in parent cell
Type of cell produced
Binary Fission
Mitosis: 1. Meiosis: 2
Mitosis: 46 Meiosis: 46 in the first division, 23 in the seco…
Mitosis: somatic (body) cell. Meisosis: gametes (sex cells)
What is the name of the type of cell d…
Binary Fission
Number of cell divisions.
Mitosis: 1. Meiosis: 2
14 terms
Human Biology: Body planes
Frontal/Coronal
Midsagittal
Sagittal
Transverse
Divides body into front and back
Divides body evenly into Left and right
Divides body unevenly into left and right
Divides body into top and bottom
Frontal/Coronal
Divides body into front and back
Midsagittal
Divides body evenly into Left and right
98 terms
Biology - The Human Body
Humans belong to the ________ kingdom
Humans are ____ because we have a back…
Another word for Backbone is:
We are also ____ because we have Mamma…
Animal
Vertebrates
Vertebra
Mammals
Humans belong to the ________ kingdom
Animal
Humans are ____ because we have a back…
Vertebrates
26 terms
biology (human body systems)
anatomy
physiology
homeostasis
negative feedback systems
structure
function
The ability of the body to maintain stable conditions and to…
maintain homeostasis
anatomy
structure
physiology
function
30 terms
Human Body - Biology Review
label the parts of the brain
How do fever and dehydration affect th…
What may occur to an individual that h…
Why are antibiotics not a good option…
Through dehydration and fever the blood volume decreases due…
Their blood flow is decreased and their heart is working fast…
Antibiotics only fight bacterial infections, it instead might…
label the parts of the brain
How do fever and dehydration affect th…
Through dehydration and fever the blood volume decreases due…
9 terms
Biology Human Body
Skeletal
Muscular
Cardiovascular
Respiratory
Provides structure. Supports and protects internal organs
Provides structure. Supports and moves trunk and limbs. Moves…
Transports nutrients and wastes to and from all body tissues
Carries air into and out of lungs. Where gases are exchanged
Skeletal
Provides structure. Supports and protects internal organs
Muscular
Provides structure. Supports and moves trunk and limbs. Moves…
21 terms
Biology Human Body
Which of the following is an example o…
How are muscles connected to bone?
Which of the following is not an examp…
An example of a ball and socket
Skeletal
Tendon
Cartilage
hips
Which of the following is an example o…
Skeletal
How are muscles connected to bone?
Tendon
Biology, Human Body Systems
homeostasis
negative feedback
positive feedback
thermoregulation
regulation and maintenance of constant internal conditions in…
control system for homeostasis that adjusts the body's condit…
control system in which sensory information causes the body t…
process of the body maintaining a stable internal temperature…
homeostasis
regulation and maintenance of constant internal conditions in…
negative feedback
control system for homeostasis that adjusts the body's condit…
55 terms
Human Body- Biology
Tissue
Muscle Tissue
Types of Muscle Tissue
Muscles all have:
A collection of cells that are... similar in structure and that…
Structure of cells - long and thin... Function - to contract
1. Skeletal... 2. Smooth... 3. Cardiac
• Nerve and blood supply... • Continuous supply of nutrients and…
Tissue
A collection of cells that are... similar in structure and that…
Muscle Tissue
Structure of cells - long and thin... Function - to contract
26 terms
Biology-Chapter 1: The Human Body
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Lateral
Medial
above; toward head or upper part of body
below; toward lower part of body
away from midline; on outer side of
midline of body; on inner side of, next to
Superior (cranial)
above; toward head or upper part of body
Inferior (caudal)
below; toward lower part of body
22 terms
Biology human body functions
Nutrition
Transport
Respiration
Excretion
the way in which organisms obtain and use food
two part function that includes ... a. Absorption-the taking in…
processes which provide energy necessary for the life functio…
removal of metabolic wastes from the organism(not feces)
Nutrition
the way in which organisms obtain and use food
Transport
two part function that includes ... a. Absorption-the taking in…
116 terms
human body test biology
Dorsal
Ventral
Dorsal Cranial Cavity
Dorsal Spinal Cavity
Back. Contains nervous system organs.
Front
Surrounds and protects the brain
Surrounds and protects the spinal cord
Dorsal
Back. Contains nervous system organs.
Ventral
Front
13 terms
Biology: The Human Body Plan
nervous system
muscular system
endocrine system
integumentary system
spinal chord; controls reactions
smooth, cardiac, and skeletal
helps maintain homostasis; glands
skin, hair, and nails; regulates body temp
nervous system
spinal chord; controls reactions
muscular system
smooth, cardiac, and skeletal
57 terms
Biology- Human Body Systems
What are the four levels of organizati…
List the organ systems
See other quizlet for body system basi…
What surrounds your heart?
Cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems
Muscular... Respiratory... Nervous... Excretory... Reproductive... Digestive…
...
Peracardium
What are the four levels of organizati…
Cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems
List the organ systems
Muscular... Respiratory... Nervous... Excretory... Reproductive... Digestive…
57 terms
Biology Human Body
Addiction
Allergy
Antibody
Antigen
The condition in which a person can no longer control his or…
Physical response to an antigen, which can be a common substa…
A protein that reacts to a specific antigen or that inactivat…
A substance that stimulates an immune response
Addiction
The condition in which a person can no longer control his or…
Allergy
Physical response to an antigen, which can be a common substa…
41 terms
Biology Human Body Terms
Cephalic
Frontal
Otic
Orbital
Head
Forehead
Ear
Eye cavity
Cephalic
Head
Frontal
Forehead
10 terms
biology human body systems
endocrine system
muscular system
steroid
non steroid
release chemicals called hormones that send messages to the b…
the only tissue in the body that is able to contract (produce…
can enter the cell it contrasts
cannot enter the cell but can trigger a domino of reactions
endocrine system
release chemicals called hormones that send messages to the b…
muscular system
the only tissue in the body that is able to contract (produce…
40 terms
Biology: the human body
Arteries
Veins
aorta
superior vena cava
Carries high pressure blood away from the heart
Carries blood back to the heart
carries oxygen rich blood to the body
brings O2 poor blood from the upper body and to the right atr…
Arteries
Carries high pressure blood away from the heart
Veins
Carries blood back to the heart
107 terms
Biology Human Body
Organization in the Body
Tissues
Organs
Organ Systems
Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ Systems
Epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous
Examples include stomach, liver, heart
Examples include digestive and circulatory systems
Organization in the Body
Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ Systems
Tissues
Epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous
56 terms
Human Body Biology
Cranium
scapula
Thoracic Vertebra
Pelvis
Head
shoulder blade
middle bones in the back
by hip bones
Cranium
Head
scapula
shoulder blade
23 terms
Human body systems biology
Circulatory system-Major structures
Circulatory system-Functions
Digestive system-Major structures
Digestive system-Functions
Heart, blood vessels... Lymph nodes and vessels (the lymphatic s…
Transports nutrients, wastes, hormones and gases... Carries wast…
Mouth, throat, esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, small and…
Absorbs (takes in) nutrients from food and extracts (takes ou…
Circulatory system-Major structures
Heart, blood vessels... Lymph nodes and vessels (the lymphatic s…
Circulatory system-Functions
Transports nutrients, wastes, hormones and gases... Carries wast…
72 terms
Human Body Unit Biology
Esophagus
Gall Bladder
Kidney
Large Intestine
the part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to…
the small sac-shaped organ beneath the liver, in which bile i…
each of a pair of organs in the abdominal cavity of mammals,…
the cecum, colon, and rectum collectively.
Esophagus
the part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to…
Gall Bladder
the small sac-shaped organ beneath the liver, in which bile i…
66 terms
Human Body Systems Biology
specialized cell
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Nervous tissue
Uniquely suited to perform a particular function.
Includes glands and tissues that cover interior and exterior…
Provides support for body and connects its parts.
Transmits nerve impulses throughout the body.
specialized cell
Uniquely suited to perform a particular function.
Epithelial tissue
Includes glands and tissues that cover interior and exterior…
24 terms
Biology: Human Body
Integumentary
Muscular
Skeletal
Digestive
Protects underlying tissues and regulates body temperatures
Movement, maintenance of posture, production of body heat
Support, movement, protection, and production of blood cells
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
Integumentary
Protects underlying tissues and regulates body temperatures
Muscular
Movement, maintenance of posture, production of body heat
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