Study sets matching "biology human body"

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Study sets matching "biology human body"

75 terms
Biology: Human Body
Dermis
Epidermis
Hair Follicle
Keratin
The inner, thicker portion of the skin that contains structur…
The outermost protective layer of the skin composed of an out…
A narrow cavity in the dermis from which hair grows
Protein found on the exterior portion of the epidermis that h…
Dermis
The inner, thicker portion of the skin that contains structur…
Epidermis
The outermost protective layer of the skin composed of an out…
20 terms
Biology Human Body
Organization in the Body
Tissues
Organs
Organ Sytems
Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ Systems
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, Nervous
Stomach, liver, heart
Digestive and Circulatory sytems
Organization in the Body
Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ Systems
Tissues
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, Nervous
BIOLOGY II: The Human Body
integumentary system
urinary system
lymphatic system
reproductive system
helps regulate body temperature and provides for protection
removes nitrogen-containing wastes from the body
includes the spleen and the tonsils
includes mammary glands and uterine tubes
integumentary system
helps regulate body temperature and provides for protection
urinary system
removes nitrogen-containing wastes from the body
57 terms
Biology- Human Body
Systems
immune (function)
immune (organs)
endocrine (function)
immune, endocrine, nervous, muscular, integumentary, skeletal…
keep out pathogenic bacteria and provide a level of protection
leukocytes (white blood cells), lymphocytes
regulates bodily functions (puberty, body temp., sleeping, et…
Systems
immune, endocrine, nervous, muscular, integumentary, skeletal…
immune (function)
keep out pathogenic bacteria and provide a level of protection
The Human Body: Biology II
Lymph Nodes
Salvary Glands
Endocrine System
Pancreas
Filters bacteria and pathogens from the body's fluids
Produces amylase which breaks starch down into simple sugars
Collection of glands that produce hormones to regulate metabo…
Produces insulin
Lymph Nodes
Filters bacteria and pathogens from the body's fluids
Salvary Glands
Produces amylase which breaks starch down into simple sugars
50 terms
Biology human body test
what does the respatory system take an…
the carbon dioxide is a by-product of…
the exchange of gasses between the blo…
the structure leading from the mouth t…
brings in oxygen and takes out carbon dioxide
aerobic respirations
between the air in the alveali and blood in the capillaries
trached
what does the respatory system take an…
brings in oxygen and takes out carbon dioxide
the carbon dioxide is a by-product of…
aerobic respirations
Biology-unit 10 human body
Levels of Organization
Homeostasis
Immune System - fights infections. Whi…
Structure and function of kidney and c…
cells-tissues-organs-organ systems-organisms
A tendency toward a relatively stable equilibrium between ele…
The immune system is a system of many biological structures a…
kidneys: 2 organs that remove urea, excess water, and other w…
Levels of Organization
cells-tissues-organs-organ systems-organisms
Homeostasis
A tendency toward a relatively stable equilibrium between ele…
31 terms
Biology: The Human Body
Which organ systems help deliver oxyge…
The body maintains homeostasis through
Which of the following is the correct…
The pancreas is a gland that produces…
respiratory and circulatory system.
feedback inhibition
carbs, fats, and protiens
It produces sodium bicarbonate, a base that reduces acidity s…
Which organ systems help deliver oxyge…
respiratory and circulatory system.
The body maintains homeostasis through
feedback inhibition
30 terms
Human Body - Biology Review
label the parts of the brain
How do fever and dehydration affect th…
What may occur to an individual that h…
Why are antibiotics not a good option…
Through dehydration and fever the blood volume decreases due…
Their blood flow is decreased and their heart is working fast…
Antibiotics only fight bacterial infections, it instead might…
label the parts of the brain
How do fever and dehydration affect th…
Through dehydration and fever the blood volume decreases due…
27 terms
Biology human body
How many types of nutrients in body
Are large molecules that make up the s…
How many amino acids in proteins
What are carbohydrates composed of
Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, water
Proteins
20
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms
How many types of nutrients in body
Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, water
Are large molecules that make up the s…
Proteins
57 terms
Biology- Human Body Systems
What are the four levels of organizati…
List the organ systems
See other quizlet for body system basi…
What surrounds your heart?
Cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems
Muscular... Respiratory... Nervous... Excretory... Reproductive... Digestive…
...
Peracardium
What are the four levels of organizati…
Cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems
List the organ systems
Muscular... Respiratory... Nervous... Excretory... Reproductive... Digestive…
34 terms
Biology human body
Reflex
Neurotransmitters
Cerebrum
Central Nervous System
Is an involuntary movement in response to a stimulus
Store and release chemical messengers molecules
The anterior and largest part of the brain, consisting of two…
the part of the nervous system comprising the brain and spina…
Reflex
Is an involuntary movement in response to a stimulus
Neurotransmitters
Store and release chemical messengers molecules
Biology Unit 11- Human Body
determination
differentiation
respiratory system
circulatory system
stem cell commits to becoming certain type of cell; cannot be…
determined cells become specialized cells
nose... sinuses... pharynx... larynx... trachea... lungs... exchanged O2 and C…
heart... vessels... blood... lymph nodes... lymph vessels... deliver oxygen…
determination
stem cell commits to becoming certain type of cell; cannot be…
differentiation
determined cells become specialized cells
22 terms
Biology Human body systems
Nervous system Structures
Nervous system Functions
Integumentary System Structures
Integumentary System Functions
Brain, spinal cord, nerves
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
Skin, hair, nails, sweat and oil glands
Guards against infection and injury and ultraviolet radiation…
Nervous system Structures
Brain, spinal cord, nerves
Nervous system Functions
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
105 terms
Biology: Human Body Test
alveolus
atria
aorta
artery
any of the tiny air cells of the lungs where oxygen and carbo…
chambers that receive blood returning to the heart
large artery that receives oxygen-rich blood from the left ve…
a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to the…
alveolus
any of the tiny air cells of the lungs where oxygen and carbo…
atria
chambers that receive blood returning to the heart
39 terms
Biology Human Body Review
What are the levels of organization in…
What does mechanical digestion in the…
What are two functions of the excretor…
What is the process in the kidneys tha…
cell-tissue-organ-organ system-organism
strong muscular contractions
control homeostasis and remove waste
filtration
What are the levels of organization in…
cell-tissue-organ-organ system-organism
What does mechanical digestion in the…
strong muscular contractions
Body Regions - Human Biology
Abdominal
Acromial
Antebrachial
Antecubital
stomach area, abdominopelvic
point of the shoulder
forearm
inside bend of elbow, "elbow pit"
Abdominal
stomach area, abdominopelvic
Acromial
point of the shoulder
24 terms
biology muscles of the human body
bicep
tricep
deltoid
trapezius
what muscle is the arrow pointing too?
what muscle is the arrow pointing too?
what muscle is the arrow pointing too?
what muscle is found in the purple location?
bicep
what muscle is the arrow pointing too?
tricep
what muscle is the arrow pointing too?
26 terms
Human Biology Body Terms
cranium
cephalon
oris
mentis
skull
head
mouth
chin
cranium
skull
cephalon
head
GCSE Biology - Human Body
What two things are needed to keep the…
What does a healthy diet contain?
What are the 4 nutrient groups require…
What are carbohydrates used for in the…
Balanced diet (and) regular exercise
(The) right balance of different foods (and the) right amount…
Carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals
Energy (and) making cell structures
What two things are needed to keep the…
Balanced diet (and) regular exercise
What does a healthy diet contain?
(The) right balance of different foods (and the) right amount…
The Human Body Test ~ Biology
True
False
True
False
The lymphatic system returns fluids from around cells back to…
Glandular tissue is a type of connective tissue.
A fatty acid that has as many hydrogen atoms as possible is c…
Arteries contain valves that prevent the backward flow of blo…
True
The lymphatic system returns fluids from around cells back to…
False
Glandular tissue is a type of connective tissue.
47 terms
Human Biology Body Terms
Surperior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Above
Below
Front
Back
Surperior
Above
Inferior
Below
17 terms
Biology ~ Human Body
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
nervous tissue
muscle tissue
a tissue that lines the interior and exterior basic types of…
tissue that provides support for the body and connects its pa…
tissue that carries messages in the form of nerve impulses th…
tissue that is responsible for voluntary and involuntary move…
epithelial tissue
a tissue that lines the interior and exterior basic types of…
connective tissue
tissue that provides support for the body and connects its pa…
33 terms
Enriched Biology Human Body
Muscle Tissue
a. Skeletal Muscle
b. Smooth Muscle
c. Cardiac Muscle
...
...
...
...
Muscle Tissue
...
a. Skeletal Muscle
...
Biology human body
Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscles
Smooth muscles
Cardiac muscles
The tissue made of cells that can contract and relax to produ…
A voluntary muscle that is attached to the bones and that mov…
the elongated muscle that is not under voluntary control and…
the type of involuntary muscle found in the heart
Muscle tissue
The tissue made of cells that can contract and relax to produ…
Skeletal muscles
A voluntary muscle that is attached to the bones and that mov…
human body systems biology
Digestive System
Mouth
Pharynx
Epiglottis
-Converts food into simpler molecules that can be used by cel…
The first stop in the disassembly of your food; ... Mechanical…
throat
Small flap that closes over the opening of the respiratory sy…
Digestive System
-Converts food into simpler molecules that can be used by cel…
Mouth
The first stop in the disassembly of your food; ... Mechanical…
155 terms
Biology "The Human Body" Unit
acetylcholine
actin
alveolus
amylase
neurotransmitter that produces impulses in muscle cells
protein that makes up the thin filaments in myofibrils
one of the millions of air sacs in the lungs where gas exchan…
a digestive enzyme in saliva that breaks down carbohydrates
acetylcholine
neurotransmitter that produces impulses in muscle cells
actin
protein that makes up the thin filaments in myofibrils
59 terms
Biology Human Body
Integumentary System
Outer layer of skin
Inner layer of skin
Keratin
Skin, Fat, Etc.
Epidermis
Dermis
Gives skin its waterproof coating
Integumentary System
Skin, Fat, Etc.
Outer layer of skin
Epidermis
Biology Human Body
Steps to Digestion
Tongue
Amylase
Pharnyx
Take in food, break down food, absorbs food molecules, gets r…
Moves food around, so teeth can chew
digests carbs; made in the pancreas
Where food is swallowed
Steps to Digestion
Take in food, break down food, absorbs food molecules, gets r…
Tongue
Moves food around, so teeth can chew
Biology- Human body
Lymph node
Virus
Bacteria
Blood Co2 Levels
The structure that stores white blood cells
Pathogen that is not alive
Pathogen that is treated with antibiotics
What controls breathing rate
Lymph node
The structure that stores white blood cells
Virus
Pathogen that is not alive
Biology Human Body
Organization in the Body
Tissues
Organs
Organ Systems
Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ Systems
Epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous
Examples include stomach, liver, heart
Examples include digestive and circulatory systems
Organization in the Body
Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ Systems
Tissues
Epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous
106 terms
Biology- The Human Body
cell
tissue
muscle tissue
epithelial tissue
occur in many shapes and sizes in order to perform many diffe…
cells working together
highly contractile tissue, provide movement in skeleton and i…
tissue that covers and protects; secretes and excretes; absor…
cell
occur in many shapes and sizes in order to perform many diffe…
tissue
cells working together
20 terms
Biology Human body system
Nervous system functions
Nervous system important organs
Nervous system Other facts
Skin purpose
Collects information about external environment... processes sti…
Brain... spinal cord... nerves
functional unit-neuron... divided into a sensory and motor divis…
Protection... Temperature regulation... excretion... gather informatio…
Nervous system functions
Collects information about external environment... processes sti…
Nervous system important organs
Brain... spinal cord... nerves
30 terms
Biology human body systems
Axon
Myelin sheath
Dendrite
Cell body
Takes electric impulses away from the cell body
Protects axon and helps impulses travel faster
Moves electrical messages towards the cell body
Contains the organelle of the cell
Axon
Takes electric impulses away from the cell body
Myelin sheath
Protects axon and helps impulses travel faster
9 terms
Biology- Human Body System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Excretory System
-Structure: bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons ... -Function:…
-Structure: skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle ... -…
-Structure: brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves ... -Function:…
-Structure: skin, lungs, kidneys, uterus, urinary bladder, ur…
Skeletal System
-Structure: bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons ... -Function:…
Muscular System
-Structure: skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle ... -…
89 terms
Biology Human Body
Internal or external signal causing an…
Reaction to stimulus
Started ethology; discovered innate be…
2 Behavior Types
Stimulus
Response
Niko Tinbergen
Innate/Learned
Internal or external signal causing an…
Stimulus
Reaction to stimulus
Response
26 terms
biology - human body systems
integumentary system
layers of the skin
acne
burns
- hair, skin, nails, sweat glands, oil glands... -maintains cons…
1. epidermis: outermost layer, melanocytes... 2. dermis: tough c…
oil glands overstimulated, bacteria can contribute
1st degree: sunburn... 2nd degree: deeper with blisters... 3rd degr…
integumentary system
- hair, skin, nails, sweat glands, oil glands... -maintains cons…
layers of the skin
1. epidermis: outermost layer, melanocytes... 2. dermis: tough c…
30 terms
Biology human bodyT
the way the cells in our body are orga…
multicellular organisms
unicellular organisms
Types of cells
cell tissue --> organ --> systems --> organism
these are made up of many different cells
these are made up of one cell that performs all functions
red, blood, skin, nerve cells
the way the cells in our body are orga…
cell tissue --> organ --> systems --> organism
multicellular organisms
these are made up of many different cells
176 terms
Biology Human Body systems
anatomy
physiology
tissue
connective tissue
study of the structure of an organism's body parts
study of the functions of an organism's body parts
group of cells that work cooperatively
consists of cells scattered throughout the extracellular matrix
anatomy
study of the structure of an organism's body parts
physiology
study of the functions of an organism's body parts
20 terms
Biology-human body
Peripheral
Medulla Oblongata
Endocrine
Peripheral
A nerve in the leg is a part of which division of the nervous…
What specific part of the brain regulated functions such as h…
Which system is slower acting but has a longer lasting effect…
What division of your nervous system transmits the message th…
Peripheral
A nerve in the leg is a part of which division of the nervous…
Medulla Oblongata
What specific part of the brain regulated functions such as h…
Biology: Human Body
Muscle Tissue
Skeletal
Smooth
Cardiac
Tissues: enables movement
Muscle Tissues: moves bones, voluntary
Muscle Tissues: moves internal organs, involuntary
Muscle Tissues: beating of heart, involuntary
Muscle Tissue
Tissues: enables movement
Skeletal
Muscle Tissues: moves bones, voluntary
Biology: Human Body
Muscle Tissue
Types of Muscle Tissue
Nervous Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Enables movement
- Skeletal... - Smooth... - Cardiac
Sends messages in body ... ex. brain, spinal cord, nerves
Lines body organs ... ex. skin, hair, nails
Muscle Tissue
Enables movement
Types of Muscle Tissue
- Skeletal... - Smooth... - Cardiac
138 terms
Biology: Human Body
Nervous System
Endocrine System
Stimulus
Central Nervous System
Body system that controls sensation, interpretation, and resp…
Body system that controls growth, development, and responses…
Anything that causes a reaction or change in an organism or a…
The brain and spinal cord. Its main function is to control th…
Nervous System
Body system that controls sensation, interpretation, and resp…
Endocrine System
Body system that controls growth, development, and responses…
93 terms
biology//human body
cell
Epithelial Tissue
Connective tissue
Collagen
basic unit of structure and function in living things
The tissue that lines the interior and exterior body surfaces
The tissue that provides support for the body and connects it…
a long, tough fiber-like protein that is the most common prot…
cell
basic unit of structure and function in living things
Epithelial Tissue
The tissue that lines the interior and exterior body surfaces
12 terms
Biology- Human Body Systems
Digestive
Circulatory
nervous
excretory
take in food/... digests food into smaller molecules and absorb…
Transport materials to and from cells
gathers and interprets info/ responds/ maintain homeostasis
removes waste products from cellular metabolism/ filters blood
Digestive
take in food/... digests food into smaller molecules and absorb…
Circulatory
Transport materials to and from cells
26 terms
Biology- Human Body
Scapula
Humorous
Vertebral column
Phalanges
Shoulder bone
Upper arm bone
Spine discs
Finger bones and toe bones
Scapula
Shoulder bone
Humorous
Upper arm bone
Human Body Biology
4 types of tissues
3 types of muscle tissue
Cardiac
Skeletal
Muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
Skeletal, smooth, cardiac
Found in heart
What we usually think of ex: biceps
4 types of tissues
Muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
3 types of muscle tissue
Skeletal, smooth, cardiac
26 terms
biology (human body systems)
anatomy
physiology
homeostasis
negative feedback systems
structure
function
The ability of the body to maintain stable conditions and to…
maintain homeostasis
anatomy
structure
physiology
function
20 terms
Biology-human body system
Digestive system
Circulatory system
Respiratory system
Skeletal system
Part of body to break down food
Gives blood everywhere
Breathing
To help keep body up
Digestive system
Part of body to break down food
Circulatory system
Gives blood everywhere
35 terms
Biology Unit: Human Body Systems
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
muscular tissue
nervous tissue
covers body surfaces, lines body cavities and forms glands; h…
binds and supports body parts
moves body and its parts, comprised of protein fibers
receives stimuli and transmits nerve impulses
epithelial tissue
covers body surfaces, lines body cavities and forms glands; h…
connective tissue
binds and supports body parts
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