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Study sets matching "biology human body"

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Study sets matching "biology human body"

20 terms
Human Biology Parts of the Body
Nasal
Oral
Orbital
Cervical
Nose
Mouth
Eyes
Neck
Nasal
Nose
Oral
Mouth
29 terms
Biology- The Human Body
What is homeostasis?
2 functions in skeletal system
2 functions of muscular system
3 types of muscle cells
the body's constant attempt to maintain stability and proper…
supporting body and protecting vital organs
movement of skeletal and beating of the heart
skeletal-voluntary smooth-involuntary cardiac- involuntary
What is homeostasis?
the body's constant attempt to maintain stability and proper…
2 functions in skeletal system
supporting body and protecting vital organs
30 terms
Human Biology: Body Systems: Unit 1
Organism
Organ
System
Tissue
all body systems integrated together
different types of tissues working together
a group of organs working together
cells with similar specialisations carrying out a common func…
Organism
all body systems integrated together
Organ
different types of tissues working together
24 terms
biology human body test
cartilage
tendons
ligaments
what system includes the skin?
tough, elastic fibrous connective tissue found between bones
bands of connective tissue that joins a muscle to the bone th…
long, flexible band of connective tissue that joins 2 bones a…
integumentary system
cartilage
tough, elastic fibrous connective tissue found between bones
tendons
bands of connective tissue that joins a muscle to the bone th…
29 terms
Biology Final (human body)
oral cavity
the tongue
esophagus
stomach
receives and chews food, forms bolus and saliva begins breaki…
decides whether to eat something or not, then rolls up bolus…
Connects mouth to stomach and uses muscles to propel food to…
holds and digests food through enzymes and acids, food remain…
oral cavity
receives and chews food, forms bolus and saliva begins breaki…
the tongue
decides whether to eat something or not, then rolls up bolus…
25 terms
Biology: Elements in the Human Body
Oxygen
Carbon
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
O
C
H
N
Oxygen
O
Carbon
C
38 terms
Human biology: Systems of the body
Skeletal
Muscular
Circulatory
Respiratory
Functions: provides structure; supports and protects internal…
Functions:provides structure; supports and moves trunk and li…
Functions: transports nutrients, hormones, and gases, gets ri…
Functions: carries air into and out of lungs, where gases (o2…
Skeletal
Functions: provides structure; supports and protects internal…
Muscular
Functions:provides structure; supports and moves trunk and li…
Biology (The Human Body)
What is the main function of the diges…
What is the order of the organs of the…
Absorption of nutrients occurs where?
What is the main function of the excre…
to break down food into simpler molecules that can be absorbe…
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large in…
in the SMALL intestine (duodendum)
to remove wastes from the blood & excrete them from the body;…
What is the main function of the diges…
to break down food into simpler molecules that can be absorbe…
What is the order of the organs of the…
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large in…
15 terms
Biology: Human Body Systems
What structures are involved in the in…
What are the main functions of the int…
Excretory System
What are the organs involved in the ex…
the skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands
To protect the body from the outside world... It also functions…
the group of organs responsible for the excretion (getting ri…
the kidneys, the ureters, the urethra, and the bladder
What structures are involved in the in…
the skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands
What are the main functions of the int…
To protect the body from the outside world... It also functions…
106 terms
Biology Human Body Test
Anatomy
Physiology
Taxonomy
Botany
Study of Structure
Study of Function
Study of Classification and Naming
Study of Plants
Anatomy
Study of Structure
Physiology
Study of Function
136 terms
Biology Human Body Quiz
Transports gases and solutes throughou…
A major supply depot where blood can p…
what is the function of the respirator…
what percent of air is oxygen?
Circulatory System
respiratory system
bring oxygen into body , expel co2 and water vapor
21
Transports gases and solutes throughou…
Circulatory System
A major supply depot where blood can p…
respiratory system
50 terms
Biology Human Body Test
Digestive System Function
6 Nutrients Digested in the Digestive…
Mastication
salivary glands
To break down food mechanically and chemically
Water (doesn't require digestion), Vitamins, Minerals (both d…
fancy word for chewing
under tongue, produces saliva when you smell, see, or think a…
Digestive System Function
To break down food mechanically and chemically
6 Nutrients Digested in the Digestive…
Water (doesn't require digestion), Vitamins, Minerals (both d…
140 terms
Biology Human Body Quiz
Transports gases and solutes throughou…
A major supply depot where blood can p…
what is the function of the respirator…
what percent of air is oxygen?
Circulatory System
respiratory system
bring oxygen into body , expel co2 and water vapor
21
Transports gases and solutes throughou…
Circulatory System
A major supply depot where blood can p…
respiratory system
37 terms
Biology human body test
Heart
Lungs
Alveoli
Trachea
Function is to transport minerals vitamins and oxygen to the…
Function is to exchange gases of oxygen and the waste gas Co2…
in the lungs are the _________ these hold the oxygen and dist…
The _________ function's as a windpipe and is the pipe oxygen…
Heart
Function is to transport minerals vitamins and oxygen to the…
Lungs
Function is to exchange gases of oxygen and the waste gas Co2…
71 terms
Biology Human Body Systems
What are the structures in the skeleta…
What do the ligaments do?
What are the 2 main types of bones?
What are the bones in the appendicular…
bones, ligaments, joints
hold and connect bones to each other
long bones and flat bones
arms, legs, scapula, clavicle, and pelvis
What are the structures in the skeleta…
bones, ligaments, joints
What do the ligaments do?
hold and connect bones to each other
21 terms
Biology Test: Human Body
Macromolecules... Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acid
provide materials to build cell membranes and provide quick e…
store energy and reserves for later use by cells, cushion and…
provides structure and support for blood cells, body tissue,…
contain the organism's genetic information, and direct the or…
Macromolecules... Carbohydrates
provide materials to build cell membranes and provide quick e…
Lipids
store energy and reserves for later use by cells, cushion and…
65 terms
Biology Human Body Quiz
Transports gases and solutes throughou…
A major supply depot where blood can p…
what is the function of the respirator…
what percent of air is oxygen?
Circulatory System
respiratory system
bring oxygen into body , expel carbon dioxide and water vapor
21
Transports gases and solutes throughou…
Circulatory System
A major supply depot where blood can p…
respiratory system
58 terms
Biology: Human Body Systems
What is a tissue?
What are the four types of tissue foun…
What is the function of epithelial tis…
What is the function of connective tis…
A group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, and Nervous (TEN.CoM)
Lines the interior and exterior body surfaces. Examples: Skin…
Provides support for the body and connects its parts. Example…
What is a tissue?
A group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
What are the four types of tissue foun…
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, and Nervous (TEN.CoM)
31 terms
Biology - human body systems
digestive system
reproductive
muscular
skeletal
breakdown food.... mouth, stomach, intestines.
produce offspring.... sperm,egg
responsible for voluntary and involuntary movement.... bicep,tr…
produce blood cells, movement,protect organs.... ribs, bones, te…
digestive system
breakdown food.... mouth, stomach, intestines.
reproductive
produce offspring.... sperm,egg
57 terms
Human body test biology
What system does skin fall under
Role of skin
Three types of muscles
Names of two specific proteins with mu…
Integumentory system
Protech to regulate temperature touch
Skeletal- bones ... Cardiac- heart... Smooth- arteries and internal…
Actin myosin
What system does skin fall under
Integumentory system
Role of skin
Protech to regulate temperature touch
18 terms
Biology: human body
What are the muscle contractions calle…
What is the equation for cellular resp…
Which blood vessels does diffusion tak…
Explain all you know about the villi o…
Peristalis
Glucose+oxygen➡️ carbon dixiode+water+atp
Capillaries
Increase surface area- allows for diffusion of nutrients
What are the muscle contractions calle…
Peristalis
What is the equation for cellular resp…
Glucose+oxygen➡️ carbon dixiode+water+atp
61 terms
Biology-Parts of human body + general terminology
Biology
the study
living things
a living thing
Biologie
die Lehre
die Lebewesen
ein Lebewesen
Biology
Biologie
the study
die Lehre
Biology Human Body Test
What organs make up the Urinary System?
What organs make up the Digestive Syst…
What organs make up the Respiratory Sy…
What organs make up the Cardiovascular…
kidneys, ureters, bladder
mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine,…
trachea, lungs, alvioli, diaphragm
heart, vessels, blood
What organs make up the Urinary System?
kidneys, ureters, bladder
What organs make up the Digestive Syst…
mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine,…
37 terms
Biology Human Body Questions
What is the intersection of the mouth,…
What substance does the cells lining t…
Which organ is the primary site of nut…
What is the flap that moves to cover t…
pharynx
gastric juice
small intestine
epiglottis
What is the intersection of the mouth,…
pharynx
What substance does the cells lining t…
gastric juice
14 terms
Biology - Human Body Systems
What is the Excretory System?
What is the Nervous System?
What is the Circulatory System?
What is the Skeletal System?
...
Controls mental and physical activity
Delivers nutrients and oxygen to cells
Protects and supports the body, allows you to move
What is the Excretory System?
...
What is the Nervous System?
Controls mental and physical activity
37 terms
GCSE Biology - Human Body
What two things are needed to keep the…
What does a healthy diet contain?
What are the 4 nutrient groups require…
What are carbohydrates used for in the…
Balanced diet (and) regular exercise
(The) right balance of different foods (and the) right amount…
Carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals
Energy (and) making cell structures
What two things are needed to keep the…
Balanced diet (and) regular exercise
What does a healthy diet contain?
(The) right balance of different foods (and the) right amount…
38 terms
Biology the human body
What is food used for?
What does the body need energy for?
What is a balanced diet?
Where do you get energy from?
Energy
Growing and moving
Eating all of the food groups
Protein, carbohydrates and sugar
What is food used for?
Energy
What does the body need energy for?
Growing and moving
13 terms
Biology Human Body Review
The basic types of tissue in the human…
Neurons are classified by the?... A. Dir…
What is the smallest structural and fu…
What begins when a neuron is stimulate…
D. Muscle, Nervous, Connective, and Epithelial
A. Direction in which they carry impulses
B. Neuron
C. An impulse
The basic types of tissue in the human…
D. Muscle, Nervous, Connective, and Epithelial
Neurons are classified by the?... A. Dir…
A. Direction in which they carry impulses
42 terms
Biology Human Body Test
What is homeostasis?
List the levels of organization found…
Which system of the body would be dire…
Which system regulates and controls gr…
To maintain a stable environment
Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems
The immune system
The endocrine system
What is homeostasis?
To maintain a stable environment
List the levels of organization found…
Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems
10 terms
Biology-Human body
How many organs are there in your body
How many bones are there in your body?
What is your biggest organ?
What is the hardest bone in your body?
22
206
Skin
Jaw Bone
How many organs are there in your body
22
How many bones are there in your body?
206
26 terms
The Human Body Test ~ Biology
True
False
True
False
The lymphatic system returns fluids from around cells back to…
Glandular tissue is a type of connective tissue.
A fatty acid that has as many hydrogen atoms as possible is c…
Arteries contain valves that prevent the backward flow of blo…
True
The lymphatic system returns fluids from around cells back to…
False
Glandular tissue is a type of connective tissue.
7 terms
Biology- The human body
What do tendons connect?
What do ligaments connect?
True or false?... Tendons are slightly el…
True or false?... Ligaments are slightly…
Muscle to bone
Bone to bone
False
True
What do tendons connect?
Muscle to bone
What do ligaments connect?
Bone to bone
120 terms
Biology-Unit 13: The Human Body
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Nervous tissue
Muscle tissue
Type of tissue that lines the interior and exterior body surf…
Type of tissue that provides support for the body and connect…
Type of tissue that transmits nerve impulses throughout the b…
Type of tissue that makes movements of the body possible
Epithelial tissue
Type of tissue that lines the interior and exterior body surf…
Connective tissue
Type of tissue that provides support for the body and connect…
24 terms
BIOLOGY UNIT 12 HUMAN BODY
Integumentary system (skin)... ~Function&…
Epidermis
Dermis
Skeletal system ... ~Function ... *Organs(pa…
~Protects the body, 3 main layers= epidermis,dermis,subcutane…
Outer layer has cells with keratin , also has melanin which c…
directly below Epidermis
~provides support is an attachment sight for muscles, protect…
Integumentary system (skin)... ~Function&…
~Protects the body, 3 main layers= epidermis,dermis,subcutane…
Epidermis
Outer layer has cells with keratin , also has melanin which c…
8 terms
Human Biology: Articulations & Body Movements
Articulations
Vertebral foramen
Transverse foramen
Intervertebral foramina
Joints; perform two functions for the body 1) hold bones toge…
Huge open hole in the vertebrae
Not as open of a hole, appears to be a deep hole.
Holes between vertebrae
Articulations
Joints; perform two functions for the body 1) hold bones toge…
Vertebral foramen
Huge open hole in the vertebrae
12 terms
Biology MCAS Retake - Human Body
pulmonary vein
pulmonary artery
trachea
bronchi
vein that goes from lungs into heart
artery that goes away from heart toward lungs
tube that leads from the nose to the lungs
tubes in the lungs where oxygen/carbon dioxide go through
pulmonary vein
vein that goes from lungs into heart
pulmonary artery
artery that goes away from heart toward lungs
135 terms
Human Biology- Body parts/systems
Integumentary
Circulatory
Respiratory
Lymphatic
the skin and its appendages. Also including the Epidermis, De…
the heart and blood vessels that circulate blood through the…
brings air into the body and removes carbon dioxide. It inclu…
Maintains immunity and fluid balance throughout the body. als…
Integumentary
the skin and its appendages. Also including the Epidermis, De…
Circulatory
the heart and blood vessels that circulate blood through the…
26 terms
Biology Review Human Body Systems and Homeostasis
Cell
Tissues
Organs
Organ systems
the smallest unit of an organism that can perform life functi…
similar type cells that perform the same function (e.g. all m…
a structure made up of different types if tissues that work t…
a group of two or more organs working together for a specific…
Cell
the smallest unit of an organism that can perform life functi…
Tissues
similar type cells that perform the same function (e.g. all m…
Human Body Systems Biology 9
homeostasis
dynamic equilibrium
digestive system
absorption
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
Result of diffusion where there is continuous movement of par…
Breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood f…
The process by which nutrient molecules pass through the wall…
homeostasis
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
dynamic equilibrium
Result of diffusion where there is continuous movement of par…
70 terms
The human body
What is a cell?
cell
What is tissue?
What are the organs in our body made of?
A cell is the smallest unit of all living things.
Zelle
A group of cells of the same kind is called a tissue.
The organs in our body are made of tissues and have special f…
What is a cell?
A cell is the smallest unit of all living things.
cell
Zelle
108 terms
AP Biology: Human Body Systems
anterior vena cava
pulmonary artery
arteries
veins
(circulatory)... collects blood from upper part of body to retur…
(circulatory)... Carries deoxygentated blood from the heart to t…
(circulatory)... Blood vessels that carry blood away from the he…
(circulatory)... Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
anterior vena cava
(circulatory)... collects blood from upper part of body to retur…
pulmonary artery
(circulatory)... Carries deoxygentated blood from the heart to t…
48 terms
Biology Unit 10: Human Body
Heart
Atria
Ventricles
Aorta
A hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body.
2 upper chambers; they have thin walls and receive blood from…
the two lower chambers of the heart, and they pump blood out…
the main artery, which receives blood from the left ventricle…
Heart
A hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body.
Atria
2 upper chambers; they have thin walls and receive blood from…
22 terms
science biology control of the human body
stimulus
central nervous system (CNS)
receptor
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Change in the environment, such as a temperature change, that…
the brain and spinal cord
cell or sense organ that detects stimuli
Nerves carrying information from sense organs in the body to…
stimulus
Change in the environment, such as a temperature change, that…
central nervous system (CNS)
the brain and spinal cord
116 terms
Biology: Human Body Part 1
What are the levels of organization?
What are the 4 types of tissue?
Which tissue is able to stretch and co…
Which tissue transmits electrical sign…
Cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
Muscle, connective, epithelial, nerve
Muscle
Nerve tissue
What are the levels of organization?
Cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
What are the 4 types of tissue?
Muscle, connective, epithelial, nerve
6 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Human Body System
Skeletal
Muscular
Digestive
Endocrine
Protects and supports
Allows Movement
Break down food
Controls activities
Skeletal
Protects and supports
Muscular
Allows Movement
63 terms
Biology Final: Human Body Systems
Mouth/ Teeth
Salivary Glands
Pharynx
Esophagus
start the mechanical process of digestion. They break up food…
produce saliva, a mixture of water, mucus, and a digestive en…
carries the food to the esophagus
when you swallow food, muscles in your ________ contract to p…
Mouth/ Teeth
start the mechanical process of digestion. They break up food…
Salivary Glands
produce saliva, a mixture of water, mucus, and a digestive en…
80 terms
biology human body systems test
Function: skin
Function: hair
Function: nails
Function: sweat glands
Protective barrier, regulates body temperature, removes waste
Protect scalp from ultraviolet light and provide insulation.…
Covers and protects the tips of fingers and toes
Produce swear to cool the body
Function: skin
Protective barrier, regulates body temperature, removes waste
Function: hair
Protect scalp from ultraviolet light and provide insulation.…
85 terms
Biology: Human Body Part 2
What is whole blood composed of?
What are RBC's composed of?
What do RBC's do?
What do WBC's do?
RBC's, platelets, WBC's, plasma
Hemoglobin (an O2 carrying protein)
Transport oxygen to cells
Fight pathogens
What is whole blood composed of?
RBC's, platelets, WBC's, plasma
What are RBC's composed of?
Hemoglobin (an O2 carrying protein)
48 terms
Biology unit 12 human body
Integumentary system
Ingegumentary organs
Skeletal system
Skeletal organs
Protection for your body
Epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous layer, keratin (nails), melan…
Help with movement and structure
Ligaments, bone marrow, humerus, radius, ulna, ribs, sternum,…
Integumentary system
Protection for your body
Ingegumentary organs
Epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous layer, keratin (nails), melan…
14 terms
Biology Human Body Systems Unit
Homeostasis
monitor/sensor
Coordinating or Control center
The regulator or effector
maintaining a constant internal environment despite changes i…
detects the change
Relays information
Restores normal balance
Homeostasis
maintaining a constant internal environment despite changes i…
monitor/sensor
detects the change
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