Study sets matching "biology human body"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "biology human body"

136 terms
Biology Human Body Quiz
Transports gases and solutes throughou…
A major supply depot where blood can p…
what is the function of the respirator…
what percent of air is oxygen?
Circulatory System
respiratory system
bring oxygen into body , expel co2 and water vapor
21
Transports gases and solutes throughou…
Circulatory System
A major supply depot where blood can p…
respiratory system
Biology Test: Human Body
Macromolecules... Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acid
provide materials to build cell membranes and provide quick e…
store energy and reserves for later use by cells, cushion and…
provides structure and support for blood cells, body tissue,…
contain the organism's genetic information, and direct the or…
Macromolecules... Carbohydrates
provide materials to build cell membranes and provide quick e…
Lipids
store energy and reserves for later use by cells, cushion and…
57 terms
Human body test biology
What system does skin fall under
Role of skin
Three types of muscles
Names of two specific proteins with mu…
Integumentory system
Protech to regulate temperature touch
Skeletal- bones ... Cardiac- heart... Smooth- arteries and internal…
Actin myosin
What system does skin fall under
Integumentory system
Role of skin
Protech to regulate temperature touch
21 terms
Biology "Human Body"
gland that controls other glands
system that ligaments belong to
system that regulates body temperature
system that forms blood cells
pituitary gland
skeletal
circulatory system
skeletal
gland that controls other glands
pituitary gland
system that ligaments belong to
skeletal
58 terms
Biology: Human Body Systems
What is a tissue?
What are the four types of tissue foun…
What is the function of epithelial tis…
What is the function of connective tis…
A group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, and Nervous (TEN.CoM)
Lines the interior and exterior body surfaces. Examples: Skin…
Provides support for the body and connects its parts. Example…
What is a tissue?
A group of similar cells that work together to perform a spec…
What are the four types of tissue foun…
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, and Nervous (TEN.CoM)
biology human body test
cartilage
tendons
ligaments
what system includes the skin?
tough, elastic fibrous connective tissue found between bones
bands of connective tissue that joins a muscle to the bone th…
long, flexible band of connective tissue that joins 2 bones a…
integumentary system
cartilage
tough, elastic fibrous connective tissue found between bones
tendons
bands of connective tissue that joins a muscle to the bone th…
42 terms
Biology Human Body Test
What is homeostasis?
List the levels of organization found…
Which system of the body would be dire…
Which system regulates and controls gr…
To maintain a stable environment
Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems
The immune system
The endocrine system
What is homeostasis?
To maintain a stable environment
List the levels of organization found…
Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems
Biology: human body
What are the muscle contractions calle…
What is the equation for cellular resp…
Which blood vessels does diffusion tak…
Explain all you know about the villi o…
Peristalis
Glucose+oxygen➡️ carbon dixiode+water+atp
Capillaries
Increase surface area- allows for diffusion of nutrients
What are the muscle contractions calle…
Peristalis
What is the equation for cellular resp…
Glucose+oxygen➡️ carbon dixiode+water+atp
29 terms
Biology Final (human body)
oral cavity
the tongue
esophagus
stomach
receives and chews food, forms bolus and saliva begins breaki…
decides whether to eat something or not, then rolls up bolus…
Connects mouth to stomach and uses muscles to propel food to…
holds and digests food through enzymes and acids, food remain…
oral cavity
receives and chews food, forms bolus and saliva begins breaki…
the tongue
decides whether to eat something or not, then rolls up bolus…
13 terms
Biology Human Body Review
The basic types of tissue in the human…
Neurons are classified by the?... A. Dir…
What is the smallest structural and fu…
What begins when a neuron is stimulate…
D. Muscle, Nervous, Connective, and Epithelial
A. Direction in which they carry impulses
B. Neuron
C. An impulse
The basic types of tissue in the human…
D. Muscle, Nervous, Connective, and Epithelial
Neurons are classified by the?... A. Dir…
A. Direction in which they carry impulses
5 terms
Biology Exam: Human Body
What is milestone is showed on the sec…
What is the function of red blood cells?
What are capillaries?
What is the function of the capillaries?
Sucking motion such as sucking thumb.
To pick up oxygen from the lungs and glucose from the intesti…
Thin walled branching vessels that connects to veins and arte…
They function in the exchange of nutrients and gases between…
What is milestone is showed on the sec…
Sucking motion such as sucking thumb.
What is the function of red blood cells?
To pick up oxygen from the lungs and glucose from the intesti…
The Human Body Test ~ Biology
True
False
True
False
The lymphatic system returns fluids from around cells back to…
Glandular tissue is a type of connective tissue.
A fatty acid that has as many hydrogen atoms as possible is c…
Arteries contain valves that prevent the backward flow of blo…
True
The lymphatic system returns fluids from around cells back to…
False
Glandular tissue is a type of connective tissue.
37 terms
Biology Human Body Questions
What is the intersection of the mouth,…
What substance does the cells lining t…
Which organ is the primary site of nut…
What is the flap that moves to cover t…
pharynx
gastric juice
small intestine
epiglottis
What is the intersection of the mouth,…
pharynx
What substance does the cells lining t…
gastric juice
14 terms
Biology - Human Body Systems
What is the Excretory System?
What is the Nervous System?
What is the Circulatory System?
What is the Skeletal System?
...
Controls mental and physical activity
Delivers nutrients and oxygen to cells
Protects and supports the body, allows you to move
What is the Excretory System?
...
What is the Nervous System?
Controls mental and physical activity
Biology (The Human Body)
What is the main function of the diges…
What is the order of the organs of the…
Absorption of nutrients occurs where?
What is the main function of the excre…
to break down food into simpler molecules that can be absorbe…
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large in…
in the SMALL intestine (duodendum)
to remove wastes from the blood & excrete them from the body;…
What is the main function of the diges…
to break down food into simpler molecules that can be absorbe…
What is the order of the organs of the…
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large in…
Biology Human Body Test
What organs make up the Urinary System?
What organs make up the Digestive Syst…
What organs make up the Respiratory Sy…
What organs make up the Cardiovascular…
kidneys, ureters, bladder
mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine,…
trachea, lungs, alvioli, diaphragm
heart, vessels, blood
What organs make up the Urinary System?
kidneys, ureters, bladder
What organs make up the Digestive Syst…
mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine,…
Biology: Human Body Systems
What structures are involved in the in…
What are the main functions of the int…
Excretory System
What are the organs involved in the ex…
the skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands
To protect the body from the outside world... It also functions…
the group of organs responsible for the excretion (getting ri…
the kidneys, the ureters, the urethra, and the bladder
What structures are involved in the in…
the skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands
What are the main functions of the int…
To protect the body from the outside world... It also functions…
88 terms
Biology - Regents - Human Body Systems Terms
organization
mitosis
differentiation
specialization
organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms
cell division where the new cells come from the single cell w…
process in which a cell changes to have a special shape and f…
cells specialize by turning genes on or off
organization
organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms
mitosis
cell division where the new cells come from the single cell w…
19 terms
Biology- organisation in the human body
Digestive system:... Mouth
Oesophagus
Stomach
Small intestine
Ingests and breaks up food
Transports food to the stomach
Digests food (mainly protein)
Completes digestion and absorbs soluble products in the blood
Digestive system:... Mouth
Ingests and breaks up food
Oesophagus
Transports food to the stomach
87 terms
Human Body
Homeostasis
Skeletal System
Tissue
Joint
Homeostasis is the maintenance of a stable internal environme…
Bones, Joints. Protects and supports body organs, and provide…
A group of similar cells that are organized to do a specific…
A place in the body where two bones come together
Homeostasis
Homeostasis is the maintenance of a stable internal environme…
Skeletal System
Bones, Joints. Protects and supports body organs, and provide…
Biology Human Body
The Respiratory System
The Trachea
Epiglottis
The Lungs
Structures include: Trachea, Bronchi, Lungs, Alveoli, and Dia…
The windpipe
Holds open Trachea when swallowing
Contain millions of air sacks
The Respiratory System
Structures include: Trachea, Bronchi, Lungs, Alveoli, and Dia…
The Trachea
The windpipe
13 terms
Biology human body
genetics
pure-bred
hybrid
gene
scientific study of heredity
(of an animal) bred from parents of the same breed or variety.
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
pure-bred
(of an animal) bred from parents of the same breed or variety.
Biology human body
Cell
Tissue
Organ
Organ system
Basic unit of structure that functions in living things, bloo…
Cells that perform a living function, muscle tissue
Different types of tissue that work together to perform close…
Group of organs the perform closely related functions, nervou…
Cell
Basic unit of structure that functions in living things, bloo…
Tissue
Cells that perform a living function, muscle tissue
biology human body skeletal
shin bone of the lower leg
bones of the spinal column
your kneecap
muscle to bone
tibia
vertebral
patella
tendons
shin bone of the lower leg
tibia
bones of the spinal column
vertebral
23 terms
Biology: Human Body Systems
Nervous system: Structures
Nervous system: Function
Integumentary System: Structures
Integumentary System: Function
Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
Skin, hair, nails, sweat, and oil glands
Serves as a barrier against infection and injury; helps to re…
Nervous system: Structures
Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
Nervous system: Function
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
41 terms
Biology the Human Body
Cranium
Cranium
Cranium
Cranium
1.
2.
3.
4.
Cranium
1.
Cranium
2.
19 terms
Human body: Biology
206
Osteosyte
Osteoblast
Osteoclast
Number of bones in the body
Mature bone cell
Produces new bone
Breaks down bone
206
Number of bones in the body
Osteosyte
Mature bone cell
13 terms
Biology human body systems
Nervous system
Integumentary system
Skeletal system
Muscular system
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
Serves as a barrier against infection and injury; helps to re…
Supports the body; protects internal organs; allows movement;…
Works with skeletal system to produce voluntary movement;help…
Nervous system
Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
Integumentary system
Serves as a barrier against infection and injury; helps to re…
12 terms
Biology-the human body
Breathing
Gas exchange
Respiration
Artery
The process that moves air in and out of the lungs. It occurs…
Occurs in alveoli in lungs
Is the release of energy from glucose to another chemical.
Has thick elastic walls, carries oxygenated blood away from t…
Breathing
The process that moves air in and out of the lungs. It occurs…
Gas exchange
Occurs in alveoli in lungs
50 terms
Biology-The human body
Levels of organization
Cells
Tissues
Types of tissues
Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems
Basic unit of structure and function of living things.
Group of cells that perform a single function.
Epithelial, connective, nervous, muscle
Levels of organization
Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems
Cells
Basic unit of structure and function of living things.
Biology: Human Body
Organelle
Cell
Tissue
Organ
Small part of a cell with a particular job to do i.e Nucleus.
Smallest part of a living organism.
A group of specialised cells that carry out a particular job.
A group of different tissues that work together to carry out…
Organelle
Small part of a cell with a particular job to do i.e Nucleus.
Cell
Smallest part of a living organism.
108 terms
AP Biology: Human Body Systems
anterior vena cava
pulmonary artery
arteries
veins
(circulatory)... collects blood from upper part of body to retur…
(circulatory)... Carries deoxygentated blood from the heart to t…
(circulatory)... Blood vessels that carry blood away from the he…
(circulatory)... Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
anterior vena cava
(circulatory)... collects blood from upper part of body to retur…
pulmonary artery
(circulatory)... Carries deoxygentated blood from the heart to t…
48 terms
Biology unit 12 human body
Integumentary system
Ingegumentary organs
Skeletal system
Skeletal organs
Protection for your body
Epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous layer, keratin (nails), melan…
Help with movement and structure
Ligaments, bone marrow, humerus, radius, ulna, ribs, sternum,…
Integumentary system
Protection for your body
Ingegumentary organs
Epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous layer, keratin (nails), melan…
14 terms
Biology Human Body Systems Unit
Homeostasis
monitor/sensor
Coordinating or Control center
The regulator or effector
maintaining a constant internal environment despite changes i…
detects the change
Relays information
Restores normal balance
Homeostasis
maintaining a constant internal environment despite changes i…
monitor/sensor
detects the change
9 terms
Biology Unit 4-Human Body
cerebrum
muscle tissue
reflex arc
brain stem
part of the brain that is responsible for conscious thought,…
tissue that allows body movement
a quick response to a stimulus that gets processed in the spi…
part of the brain that connects the spinal cord to the brain…
cerebrum
part of the brain that is responsible for conscious thought,…
muscle tissue
tissue that allows body movement
Biology Unit 10: Human Body
Heart
Atria
Ventricles
Aorta
A hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body.
2 upper chambers; they have thin walls and receive blood from…
the two lower chambers of the heart, and they pump blood out…
the main artery, which receives blood from the left ventricle…
Heart
A hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body.
Atria
2 upper chambers; they have thin walls and receive blood from…
133 terms
Honors Biology Human Body Systems
Tissues
Organ
body System
White Blood Cells
Groups of similar cells preforming a common function
a group of different kinds of tissues functioning together to…
2 or more organs working together to accomplish a particular…
-Leukocytes that defend against body disease
Tissues
Groups of similar cells preforming a common function
Organ
a group of different kinds of tissues functioning together to…
34 terms
Biology 2: The Human Body
anatomy
physiology
morphology
dissection
the structural make up of an organism
the functions of an organism
the structural make up of an organism, referring to differenc…
the process of disassembling and observing something to deter…
anatomy
the structural make up of an organism
physiology
the functions of an organism
12 terms
Biology MCAS Retake - Human Body
pulmonary vein
pulmonary artery
trachea
bronchi
vein that goes from lungs into heart
artery that goes away from heart toward lungs
tube that leads from the nose to the lungs
tubes in the lungs where oxygen/carbon dioxide go through
pulmonary vein
vein that goes from lungs into heart
pulmonary artery
artery that goes away from heart toward lungs
Biology: Human Body Part 1
What are the levels of organization?
What are the 4 types of tissue?
Which tissue is able to stretch and co…
Which tissue transmits electrical sign…
Cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
Muscle, connective, epithelial, nerve
Muscle
Nerve tissue
What are the levels of organization?
Cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
What are the 4 types of tissue?
Muscle, connective, epithelial, nerve
25 terms
Human Biology: 11 Body Systems
integumentary
skeletal system
muscular system
nervous system
-forms external body covering... -protects deeper tissue from in…
-protects and supports body organs... -provides framework for mu…
-allows for locomotion... -maintains posture... -produces heat
-control system... -responds to internal & external changes... -act…
integumentary
-forms external body covering... -protects deeper tissue from in…
skeletal system
-protects and supports body organs... -provides framework for mu…
Biology; Human Body Systems Flashcards
Nervous System Structure
Nervous System Functions
Integumentary System Structure
Integumentary System Functions
Brain, spinal cord, nerves
recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
skin, hair, nails, sweat and oil glands
guards against infection and injury and ultraviolet radiation…
Nervous System Structure
Brain, spinal cord, nerves
Nervous System Functions
recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
30 terms
Biology 2 - The Human Body
Mouth
Esophagus
Duodenum
Ileum
Chemical digestion, saliva moistens food to make bolus for sw…
A wave of muscle contractions (peristalsis) pushes the bolus…
Bile from liver and gall bladder neutralists acid and emulsif…
Lower half of small intestine absorbs nutrients into the bloo…
Mouth
Chemical digestion, saliva moistens food to make bolus for sw…
Esophagus
A wave of muscle contractions (peristalsis) pushes the bolus…
9 terms
Human body biology
brain
skin
heart
lungs
controls the body.
for protection and feeling.
pumps blood.
for breathing.
brain
controls the body.
skin
for protection and feeling.
Biology-20 human body
Parts of a Small Intestine
What are Sphincters?
Stomach
stomach's job
Duodenum ... Jejunum... Illeumn
Valve like closing circular muscle. Found in the stomach (at…
Body's Food storage tank
digesting food (mechanical mostly= called churning), housing…
Parts of a Small Intestine
Duodenum ... Jejunum... Illeumn
What are Sphincters?
Valve like closing circular muscle. Found in the stomach (at…
Human Body Systems - Biology
Function of the Circulatory System
Function of the Digestive System
Function of the Endocrine System
Function of the Excretory System
Transports nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food
Regulates body temperature, metabolism, development,and repro…
Removes waste from blood; regulates concentration of body flu…
Function of the Circulatory System
Transports nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Function of the Digestive System
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food
biology human body systems test
Function: skin
Function: hair
Function: nails
Function: sweat glands
Protective barrier, regulates body temperature, removes waste
Protect scalp from ultraviolet light and provide insulation.…
Covers and protects the tips of fingers and toes
Produce swear to cool the body
Function: skin
Protective barrier, regulates body temperature, removes waste
Function: hair
Protect scalp from ultraviolet light and provide insulation.…
Biology: Human Body Part 2
What is whole blood composed of?
What are RBC's composed of?
What do RBC's do?
What do WBC's do?
RBC's, platelets, WBC's, plasma
Hemoglobin (an O2 carrying protein)
Transport oxygen to cells
Fight pathogens
What is whole blood composed of?
RBC's, platelets, WBC's, plasma
What are RBC's composed of?
Hemoglobin (an O2 carrying protein)
Human Biology: Articulations & Body Movements
Articulations
Vertebral foramen
Transverse foramen
Intervertebral foramina
Joints; perform two functions for the body 1) hold bones toge…
Huge open hole in the vertebrae
Not as open of a hole, appears to be a deep hole.
Holes between vertebrae
Articulations
Joints; perform two functions for the body 1) hold bones toge…
Vertebral foramen
Huge open hole in the vertebrae
ACADEMIC BIOLOGY HUMAN BODY SYSTEMS
thermoregulation
cell differentiation
artery
vein
the body maintaining a stable internal temperature
process by which unspecialized cells develop into their matur…
carry blood away from your heart
carry blood towards your heart and contains valves to prevent…
thermoregulation
the body maintaining a stable internal temperature
cell differentiation
process by which unspecialized cells develop into their matur…
5 of 10