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Study sets matching "biology kaplan mcat"

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Study sets matching "biology kaplan mcat"

37 terms
MCAT Kaplan Biology Chapter 4
Myelin is produced by ____ in the cent…
Because myelin ______ the conduction o…
Multiple neurons may be bundled togeth…
The cell bodies of neurons of the same…
Myelin is produced by oligodendrocytes in the central nervous…
speeds up; results in the slowing of information transfer.... A…
nerve; sensory, motor, or mixed, which refers to the type(s)…
ganglia
Myelin is produced by ____ in the cent…
Myelin is produced by oligodendrocytes in the central nervous…
Because myelin ______ the conduction o…
speeds up; results in the slowing of information transfer.... A…
63 terms
Kaplan MCAT Biology: Chapter 3
Fertilization
Cortical reaction
Dizygotic Twins
Monozygotic Twins
Occurs in the widest part of the fallopian tube, the ampulla.…
Once sperm penetrates egg, this reaction occurs=Ca ion releas…
Fertilization of two different eggs released during one ovula…
Single zygote splits into two. Genome of the offspring are id…
Fertilization
Occurs in the widest part of the fallopian tube, the ampulla.…
Cortical reaction
Once sperm penetrates egg, this reaction occurs=Ca ion releas…
31 terms
MCAT Biology (from Kaplan)
Elastic potential Energy Equation
What are the 4 fundamental tenets of c…
Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic Cell
1) All living things are composed of cells; 2) The cell is ba…
contain true nucleus enclosed in a membrane - can be multicel…
cells that do not contain a nucleus
Elastic potential Energy Equation
What are the 4 fundamental tenets of c…
1) All living things are composed of cells; 2) The cell is ba…
63 terms
Kaplan MCAT Biology: Chapter 3
Fertilization
Cortical reaction
Dizygotic Twins
Monozygotic Twins
Occurs in the widest part of the fallopian tube, the ampulla.…
Once sperm penetrates egg, this reaction occurs=Ca ion releas…
Fertilization of two different eggs released during one ovula…
Single zygote splits into two. Genome of the offspring are id…
Fertilization
Occurs in the widest part of the fallopian tube, the ampulla.…
Cortical reaction
Once sperm penetrates egg, this reaction occurs=Ca ion releas…
56 terms
MCAT Kaplan 2015 Biology Review: Chapter 1
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhooke
Rudolph Virchow
Cell Theory
-Discovered CELLS in 1665... -Observed dead cells with a cork... -U…
-First to view LIVING cells in 1674... -"Living Leeuwenhooke"
-Discovered that diseased cells arise from normal cells
1) All living things are made up of cells... 2) Cells are the ba…
Robert Hooke
-Discovered CELLS in 1665... -Observed dead cells with a cork... -U…
Anton Van Leeuwenhooke
-First to view LIVING cells in 1674... -"Living Leeuwenhooke"
84 terms
Kaplan MCAT 2015 - Biology Chapter 4
Neurons
Cell Body
Soma
Dendrites
A cell that conducts electrical impulses; the functional unit…
Portion of the neuron where the nucleus, endoplasmic reticulu…
Neuron cell body
The portion of a neuron that receives stimuli and conveys the…
Neurons
A cell that conducts electrical impulses; the functional unit…
Cell Body
Portion of the neuron where the nucleus, endoplasmic reticulu…
89 terms
MCAT Kaplan Biology Chapter 2: Reproduction
Four stages of Cell Cycle
What stages are involved in the INTERP…
what is the longest part of the cell c…
What is G0
G1, S, G2, M
G1, S, G2
Interphase
cell is simply living and serving its function, not prepping…
Four stages of Cell Cycle
G1, S, G2, M
What stages are involved in the INTERP…
G1, S, G2
89 terms
MCAT Kaplan Biology Chapter 3: Embryogenesis and Development
Fertilization
ampulla
cortical reaction and its effects
fertilization membrane
1) at day 14 of ovulation, secondary oocyte is released from…
widest part of fallopian tubes where fertilization usually oc…
release of calcium ions in newly formed zygotic cell after sp…
the depolarized/impenetrable membrane after release of calciu…
Fertilization
1) at day 14 of ovulation, secondary oocyte is released from…
ampulla
widest part of fallopian tubes where fertilization usually oc…
55 terms
Kaplan MCAT Biology Ch. 5 The Endocrine System
Peptide Hormones
Steroid Hormones
Amino Acid-Derivative hormones
catecholamines and thyroid hormones
Polar, cannot pass through plasma membrane... Bind to extracellu…
Derived from cholesterol... Nonpolar, pass through cell membrane…
Modified Amino Acids... including epinephrine, norepinephrine, t…
Amino Acid-Derivative hormones... bind to G protein-coupled rec…
Peptide Hormones
Polar, cannot pass through plasma membrane... Bind to extracellu…
Steroid Hormones
Derived from cholesterol... Nonpolar, pass through cell membrane…
63 terms
Kaplan MCAT Biology: Chapter 3
Fertilization
Cortical reaction
Dizygotic Twins
Monozygotic Twins
Occurs in the widest part of the fallopian tube, the ampulla.…
Once sperm penetrates egg, this reaction occurs=Ca ion releas…
Fertilization of two different eggs released during one ovula…
Single zygote splits into two. Genome of the offspring are id…
Fertilization
Occurs in the widest part of the fallopian tube, the ampulla.…
Cortical reaction
Once sperm penetrates egg, this reaction occurs=Ca ion releas…
MCAT Kaplan Biology Chapter 4
Myelin is produced by ____ in the cent…
Because myelin ______ the conduction o…
Multiple neurons may be bundled togeth…
The cell bodies of neurons of the same…
Myelin is produced by oligodendrocytes in the central nervous…
speeds up; results in the slowing of information transfer.... A…
nerve; sensory, motor, or mixed, which refers to the type(s)…
ganglia
Myelin is produced by ____ in the cent…
Myelin is produced by oligodendrocytes in the central nervous…
Because myelin ______ the conduction o…
speeds up; results in the slowing of information transfer.... A…
84 terms
Kaplan MCAT 2015 - Biology Chapter 4
Neurons
Cell Body
Soma
Dendrites
A cell that conducts electrical impulses; the functional unit…
Portion of the neuron where the nucleus, endoplasmic reticulu…
Neuron cell body
The portion of a neuron that receives stimuli and conveys the…
Neurons
A cell that conducts electrical impulses; the functional unit…
Cell Body
Portion of the neuron where the nucleus, endoplasmic reticulu…
92 terms
Kaplan MCAT Terms - Biology Chapter 1
Eukaryotic Cells
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
Endocytotic Vesicle
Cells that have a nucleus and other organelles enclosed in a…
1) All living organisms are made up of cells... 2) All cells com…
Cells with no nucleus or any other membrane bound organelles.…
An organism that was brought into the cell by endocytosis, wh…
Eukaryotic Cells
Cells that have a nucleus and other organelles enclosed in a…
Cell Theory
1) All living organisms are made up of cells... 2) All cells com…
18 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology Chapter 5: Embryology (Kaplan)
Cleavage
Indeterminate
Determinate cleavage
First, second, third cleavages
process where there is rapid mitotic cell division
a type of cleavage that results in cells that can still devel…
a type of cleavage that results in cells whose fates are dete…
time in which cleavages occur postfertilization... 32, 60, 72 ho…
Cleavage
process where there is rapid mitotic cell division
Indeterminate
a type of cleavage that results in cells that can still devel…
31 terms
MCAT 2015 Kaplan Biology Review Chapter 2
Prototherians (monotreme)
Metatherians (marsupials)
Autosomal cells are:
Germ cells are:
amniotic egg (OVIPARITY)
pouch
Diploid (2n)
Haploid (n)
Prototherians (monotreme)
amniotic egg (OVIPARITY)
Metatherians (marsupials)
pouch
97 terms
MCAT Kaplan 2015 Biology Review: Chapter 1
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhooke
Rudolph Virchow
Cell Theory
-Discovered CELLS in 1665... -Observed dead cells with a cork... -U…
-First to view LIVING cells in 1674... -"Living Leeuwenhooke"
-Discovered that diseased cells arise from normal cells
1) All living things are made up of cells... 2) Cells are the ba…
Robert Hooke
-Discovered CELLS in 1665... -Observed dead cells with a cork... -U…
Anton Van Leeuwenhooke
-First to view LIVING cells in 1674... -"Living Leeuwenhooke"
84 terms
Kaplan MCAT 2015 - Biology Chapter 4
Neurons
Cell Body
Soma
Dendrites
A cell that conducts electrical impulses; the functional unit…
Portion of the neuron where the nucleus, endoplasmic reticulu…
Neuron cell body
The portion of a neuron that receives stimuli and conveys the…
Neurons
A cell that conducts electrical impulses; the functional unit…
Cell Body
Portion of the neuron where the nucleus, endoplasmic reticulu…
79 terms
MCAT Kaplan 2015 Biology Review: Chapter 1
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhooke
Rudolph Virchow
Cell Theory
-Discovered CELLS in 1665... -Observed dead cells with a cork... -U…
-First to view LIVING cells in 1674... -"Living Leeuwenhooke"
-Discovered that diseased cells arise from normal cells
1) All living things are made up of cells... 2) Cells are the ba…
Robert Hooke
-Discovered CELLS in 1665... -Observed dead cells with a cork... -U…
Anton Van Leeuwenhooke
-First to view LIVING cells in 1674... -"Living Leeuwenhooke"
26 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology Chapter 11 Homeostasis (Kaplan)
Nephron
Cortex
Medulla
Renal Hilum
functional unit of the kidney
outermost layer of the kidney
sits beneath the cortex
deep slit in the center of its medial surface
Nephron
functional unit of the kidney
Cortex
outermost layer of the kidney
35 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology Chapter 16 Evolution (Kaplan)
Evolution
Use and Disuse
Natural Selection
Fitness
process of adaptation and change leading to genetic diversity…
Lamarck's inheritance of acquired characteristics theory; gen…
mechanism for evolution; survival of the fittest; ... individual…
reproductive success of an individual
Evolution
process of adaptation and change leading to genetic diversity…
Use and Disuse
Lamarck's inheritance of acquired characteristics theory; gen…
65 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology Chapter 5 Digestion (Kaplan)
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Digestion
Mechanical Digestion
type of digestion when the digestion of compounds occur using…
digestion that occurs outside the cell's borders;... in humans,…
involves the breakdown of food into its constituent organic m…
physical breakdown of large food particles into smaller food…
Intracellular Digestion
type of digestion when the digestion of compounds occur using…
Extracellular Digestion
digestion that occurs outside the cell's borders;... in humans,…
79 terms
MCAT: Kaplan-Biology... THE ULTIMATE REVIEW OF SYSTEMS (Cardiovascular)
What does the cardiovascular system co…
vasculature
How does blood travel?
Anatomy of the Cardiovascular System
heart, blood vessels, and blood
consists of arteries, capillaries, and veins; the heart circu…
blood travels thru the veins, then is returned to the right s…
What does the cardiovascular system co…
heart, blood vessels, and blood
vasculature
consists of arteries, capillaries, and veins; the heart circu…
92 terms
MCAT Kaplan Biology Chapter 2: Reproduction
Four stages of Cell Cycle
What stages are involved in the INTERP…
what is the longest part of the cell c…
What is G0
G1, S, G2, M
G1, S, G2
Interphase
cell is simply living and serving its function, not prepping…
Four stages of Cell Cycle
G1, S, G2, M
What stages are involved in the INTERP…
G1, S, G2
117 terms
MCAT from Kaplan Biology Review Chapter 1
Zwitterion
Zymogen
Isozome
Types of enzymes
In an amino acid, it is when it is protenated and deprotenate…
Enzyme that needs to be activated
Protein families with very small differences between each pro…
LIL HOT. Lyase, isomerase, ligase, hydrolase, oxidoreductase,…
Zwitterion
In an amino acid, it is when it is protenated and deprotenate…
Zymogen
Enzyme that needs to be activated
21 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology Chapter 8 Respiration (Kaplan)
Lungs (Alveoli)
Air Pathway
Surfactant
Diaphragm
where gas exchange occurs
1. enters respiratory tract through external nares... 2. passes…
detergent that lowers surface tension and prevents the alveol…
muscle that separates the lungs from digestive organs... and is…
Lungs (Alveoli)
where gas exchange occurs
Air Pathway
1. enters respiratory tract through external nares... 2. passes…
83 terms
MCAT Kaplan Biology Review Chapter 2
Interphase
G1/S checkpoint
G2/M Checkpoint
Cyclin and cyclin dependent kinases
G1 (Cell grows and produces organelles), S phase (DNA replica…
The cell makes sure that DNA is good enough condition for rep…
Makes sure that the cell is the proper size and organelles ha…
The cylclin-CDK complex phosphorolates transcription factors…
Interphase
G1 (Cell grows and produces organelles), S phase (DNA replica…
G1/S checkpoint
The cell makes sure that DNA is good enough condition for rep…
63 terms
Kaplan MCAT Biology Chapter 6: The Respiratory System
Thoracic cavity
Nares
Vibrissae
Nasal cavity
Location of the lungs and heart
Entry point for the respiratory tract... AKA nostrils
AKA nasal hairs... Filters air within nasal cavity
Area just behind the nostrils... Removes dirt and particulate ma…
Thoracic cavity
Location of the lungs and heart
Nares
Entry point for the respiratory tract... AKA nostrils
89 terms
MCAT Kaplan Biology Chapter 3: Embryogenesis and Development
Fertilization
ampulla
cortical reaction and its effects
fertilization membrane
1) at day 14 of ovulation, secondary oocyte is released from…
widest part of fallopian tubes where fertilization usually oc…
release of calcium ions in newly formed zygotic cell after sp…
the depolarized/impenetrable membrane after release of calciu…
Fertilization
1) at day 14 of ovulation, secondary oocyte is released from…
ampulla
widest part of fallopian tubes where fertilization usually oc…
53 terms
Kaplan MCAT 2015 Biology: Chapter 8 Immune System
Innate/nonspecific Immunity
Adaptive/specific Immunity
Bone Marrow
Spleen
Composed of defenses that are always active against infection…
Defenses that target a specific pathogen. It leads to immunol…
Produces all leukocytes that participate in the immune system.
Location of blood storage and activation of B cells, which tu…
Innate/nonspecific Immunity
Composed of defenses that are always active against infection…
Adaptive/specific Immunity
Defenses that target a specific pathogen. It leads to immunol…
Kaplan MCAT Biology Chapter 6: The Respiratory System
Thoracic cavity
Nares
Vibrissae
Nasal cavity
Location of the lungs and heart
Entry point for the respiratory tract... AKA nostrils
AKA nasal hairs... Filters air within nasal cavity
Area just behind the nostrils... Removes dirt and particulate ma…
Thoracic cavity
Location of the lungs and heart
Nares
Entry point for the respiratory tract... AKA nostrils
84 terms
Kaplan MCAT 2015 - Biology Chapter 4
Neurons
Cell Body
Soma
Dendrites
A cell that conducts electrical impulses; the functional unit…
Portion of the neuron where the nucleus, endoplasmic reticulu…
Neuron cell body
The portion of a neuron that receives stimuli and conveys the…
Neurons
A cell that conducts electrical impulses; the functional unit…
Cell Body
Portion of the neuron where the nucleus, endoplasmic reticulu…
65 terms
MCAT: Kaplan-Biology... THE ULTIMATE REVIEW OF SYSTEMS (Respiratory)
Where are the lungs located?
Anatomy of the Respiratory System
What, most importantly occurs in the l…
How does air pass through the nose on…
in the thoracic cavity
gas exchange
enters the respiratory tract thry the external nares, and the…
Where are the lungs located?
in the thoracic cavity
Anatomy of the Respiratory System
79 terms
MCAT: Kaplan-Biology... THE ULTIMATE REVIEW OF SYSTEMS (Cardiovascular)
What does the cardiovascular system co…
vasculature
How does blood travel?
Anatomy of the Cardiovascular System
heart, blood vessels, and blood
consists of arteries, capillaries, and veins; the heart circu…
blood travels thru the veins, then is returned to the right s…
What does the cardiovascular system co…
heart, blood vessels, and blood
vasculature
consists of arteries, capillaries, and veins; the heart circu…
53 terms
MCAT: Kaplan-Biology... THE ULTIMATE REVIEW OF SYSTEMS (Nervous)
What are the specific features of a ne…
What is the other name for the neurona…
dendrite fxn
axon hillock fxn
soma
receive incoming messages from other cells
integrates incoming signals
What are the specific features of a ne…
What is the other name for the neurona…
soma
79 terms
MCAT: Kaplan-Biology... THE ULTIMATE REVIEW OF SYSTEMS (Cardiovascular)
What does the cardiovascular system co…
vasculature
How does blood travel?
Anatomy of the Cardiovascular System
heart, blood vessels, and blood
consists of arteries, capillaries, and veins; the heart circu…
blood travels thru the veins, then is returned to the right s…
What does the cardiovascular system co…
heart, blood vessels, and blood
vasculature
consists of arteries, capillaries, and veins; the heart circu…
31 terms
Kaplan MCAT Biology 01 - Prokaryotes vs Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes... Structures? (5)... Nucleus?…
Nucleoid... Only present in _________... Wh…
Plasmids... Smaller rings of _______.... Re…
Cytoskeleton... Composed of ____________…
- unicellular organisms with a simple cell structure... ex: bact…
- in prokayrotes... - where the genetic material is concentrated…
- smaller rings of DNA, consisting of just a few genes, repli…
- composed of microtubules, microfilaments, intermediate fibe…
Prokaryotes... Structures? (5)... Nucleus?…
- unicellular organisms with a simple cell structure... ex: bact…
Nucleoid... Only present in _________... Wh…
- in prokayrotes... - where the genetic material is concentrated…
86 terms
KAPLAN MCAT PHYSICS
Newton units
weight
static friction
kinetic friction
Newton units
weight
46 terms
MCAT: Kaplan-Biology... THE ULTIMATE REVIEW OF SYSTEMS (Excretory)
What is the main purpose of the excret…
What is the anatomy associated with th…
What happens to the materials that are…
What are the two main layers of the ki…
to filter the blood
1. aorta (carries blood through trunk to all main arteries--m…
1. they go from the kidneys, where they were filtered out of…
1. the outer layer (cortex)... 2. the inner layer (medulla)
What is the main purpose of the excret…
to filter the blood
What is the anatomy associated with th…
1. aorta (carries blood through trunk to all main arteries--m…
79 terms
MCAT: Kaplan-Biology... THE ULTIMATE REVIEW OF SYSTEMS (Cardiovascular)
What does the cardiovascular system co…
vasculature
How does blood travel?
Anatomy of the Cardiovascular System
heart, blood vessels, and blood
consists of arteries, capillaries, and veins; the heart circu…
blood travels thru the veins, then is returned to the right s…
What does the cardiovascular system co…
heart, blood vessels, and blood
vasculature
consists of arteries, capillaries, and veins; the heart circu…
53 terms
MCAT: Kaplan-Biology... THE ULTIMATE REVIEW OF SYSTEMS (Nervous)
What are the specific features of a ne…
What is the other name for the neurona…
dendrite fxn
axon hillock fxn
soma
receive incoming messages from other cells
integrates incoming signals
What are the specific features of a ne…
What is the other name for the neurona…
soma
Kaplan MCAT Biology Ch. 5 The Endocrine System
Peptide Hormones
Steroid Hormones
Amino Acid-Derivative hormones
catecholamines and thyroid hormones
Polar, cannot pass through plasma membrane... Bind to extracellu…
Derived from cholesterol... Nonpolar, pass through cell membrane…
Modified Amino Acids... including epinephrine, norepinephrine, t…
Amino Acid-Derivative hormones... bind to G protein-coupled rec…
Peptide Hormones
Polar, cannot pass through plasma membrane... Bind to extracellu…
Steroid Hormones
Derived from cholesterol... Nonpolar, pass through cell membrane…
79 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology Chapter 10 Homeostasis (Kaplan)
What are the 4 parts of the excretory…
Where are the kidneys located, what do…
Nephron
path of urine
kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra... roles:... regulation of bloo…
two bean shaped structures located behind the digestive organ…
functional unit of the kidney... empty into renal pelvis which…
kidney (nephrons) -> uretor -> bladder -> urethra
What are the 4 parts of the excretory…
kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra... roles:... regulation of bloo…
Where are the kidneys located, what do…
two bean shaped structures located behind the digestive organ…
65 terms
MCAT: Kaplan-Biology... THE ULTIMATE REVIEW OF SYSTEMS (Respiratory)
Where are the lungs located?
Anatomy of the Respiratory System
What, most importantly occurs in the l…
How does air pass through the nose on…
in the thoracic cavity
gas exchange
enters the respiratory tract thry the external nares, and the…
Where are the lungs located?
in the thoracic cavity
Anatomy of the Respiratory System
MCAT Kaplan Biology Chapter 3: Embryogenesis and Development
Fertilization
ampulla
cortical reaction and its effects
fertilization membrane
1) at day 14 of ovulation, secondary oocyte is released from…
widest part of fallopian tubes where fertilization usually oc…
release of calcium ions in newly formed zygotic cell after sp…
the depolarized/impenetrable membrane after release of calciu…
Fertilization
1) at day 14 of ovulation, secondary oocyte is released from…
ampulla
widest part of fallopian tubes where fertilization usually oc…
MCAT: Kaplan Behavioral Sciences - Biology and Behavior
Franz Gall
Pierre Flourens
William James
John Dewey
-he developed phrenology ... -the basic idea was that if a parti…
-first person to study the sections of the brain ... -did this t…
-father of American psychology ... -his theories formed function…
-believed the organism should be studied as a whole as it fun…
Franz Gall
-he developed phrenology ... -the basic idea was that if a parti…
Pierre Flourens
-first person to study the sections of the brain ... -did this t…
46 terms
MCAT: Kaplan-Biology... THE ULTIMATE REVIEW OF SYSTEMS (Excretory)
What is the main purpose of the excret…
What is the anatomy associated with th…
What happens to the materials that are…
What are the two main layers of the ki…
to filter the blood
1. aorta (carries blood through trunk to all main arteries--m…
1. they go from the kidneys, where they were filtered out of…
1. the outer layer (cortex)... 2. the inner layer (medulla)
What is the main purpose of the excret…
to filter the blood
What is the anatomy associated with th…
1. aorta (carries blood through trunk to all main arteries--m…
75 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology Chapter 9 The Cardiovascular System (Kaplan)
Cardiovascular System
Relationship Between Left and Right Si…
Pathway of the Blood
Hepatic Portal System
consists of heart, blood, and blood vessels
right pump accepts deoxygenated blood returning from the body…
left atrium -> left ventricle -> aorta -> arteries -> arterio…
connects the vasculatures of the digestive tract and the liver
Cardiovascular System
consists of heart, blood, and blood vessels
Relationship Between Left and Right Si…
right pump accepts deoxygenated blood returning from the body…
53 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology Chapter 15: Molecular Genetics (Kaplan)
Nucleotide
DNA
Pyrimidines
Purines
basic unit of DNA
has three parts: deoxyribose sugar, nitrogenous base, phospha…
Cytosine and Thymine, uracil
Guanine and Adenine
Nucleotide
basic unit of DNA
DNA
has three parts: deoxyribose sugar, nitrogenous base, phospha…
63 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology Chapter 13: The Nervous System (Kaplan)
Soma
Dendrites
Axon Hillock
Axon
cell body of the neuron
receive information and transmit it to cell body
beginning of the axon; provides a connection between cell bod…
nerve fiber that carries electrical message
Soma
cell body of the neuron
Dendrites
receive information and transmit it to cell body
67 terms
MCAT 2015: Chapter 6 Biology The Musculoskeletal System (Kaplan)
Exoskeleton
Endoskeleton
Axial Skeletal System
Appendicular Skeletal System
encase whole organisms and are commonly found in arthropods
internal skeleton, don't need to be shed
consists of skull, vertebral column, ribcage... provides basic c…
consists of arms, legs, pelvic, and pectoral girdles that are…
Exoskeleton
encase whole organisms and are commonly found in arthropods
Endoskeleton
internal skeleton, don't need to be shed
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