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Study sets matching "biology kaplan mcat"

19 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Biology Chapter 11: Musculoskeletal System
Axial vs Appendicular Skeleton
Compact bone
Spongy bone
Long bones
Axial: midline - skull, spine ribcage, hyphoid bone... App: bone…
Provides strength, is dense
Cancellous bone. Lattice-like structure of boy spicules (trab…
Contain shafts - diaphyses - that flare to form metaphases an…
Axial vs Appendicular Skeleton
Axial: midline - skull, spine ribcage, hyphoid bone... App: bone…
Compact bone
Provides strength, is dense
35 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Reproduction-Kaplan Biology Book-CH2
Prototherians (monotremes)
Metatherians (marsupials)
Autosomal cells
Germ cells
egg-laying mammals
Marsupials. Fetus undergoes some development in mother's uter…
diploid (2n); contain two copies of each chromosome
haploid (n); containing only one copy each chromosome
Prototherians (monotremes)
egg-laying mammals
Metatherians (marsupials)
Marsupials. Fetus undergoes some development in mother's uter…
51 termscreated on December 6, 2016
quiz 6 study guide
According to research, what role does…
Who created the well known four-phase…
What are the stages of Masters and Joh…
What is the name for an increased bloo…
all of the above
Masters and Johnson
Excitement, plateau, orgasm, resolution
Vasocognestion
According to research, what role does…
all of the above
Who created the well known four-phase…
Masters and Johnson
339 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Bio I Review for Final
Biology
Life
Principles of living organisms
Relation
The study of life and living things
An organismic state characterized by capacity for metabolism,…
Relation ... Interaction... Adaptability ... Energy ... Regulation ... Repro…
All species are related by an evolutionary history ... All organ…
Biology
The study of life and living things
Life
An organismic state characterized by capacity for metabolism,…
105 termscreated on December 6, 2016
ch. 1 - the cell ****
cell theory
eukaryotic cells
prokaryotic cells
cytosol
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. the cell is the…
contains a nucleus enclosed in a membrane; most organelles ar…
cells that do not contain a nucleus
allows for the diffusion of molecules throughout the cell
cell theory
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. the cell is the…
eukaryotic cells
contains a nucleus enclosed in a membrane; most organelles ar…
63 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Mcat Biology book
Backbone of the polypeptide
Residue
proteolysis/proteolytic cleavage
Two types of covalent protein bonds
N-C-C-N-C-C
when an aa is a part of a polypeptide synthesis
hydrolysis of a protein by another protein and does by proteo…
1. peptide... 2. disulfide
Backbone of the polypeptide
N-C-C-N-C-C
Residue
when an aa is a part of a polypeptide synthesis
152 termscreated on December 5, 2016
MCAT Biology
Transformation
Conjugation
Transduction
Binary fission
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
Transfer of bacterial DNA by a virus (bacteriophage)
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
Transformation
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
Conjugation
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
50 termscreated on December 5, 2016
MCAT BIO Ch9 The Digestive system
Involves the oxidation of glucose and…
Occurs in the lumen of the alimentary…
the physical breakdown of large food p…
the enzymatic cleavage of chemical bon…
intracellular digestion
extracellular digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
Involves the oxidation of glucose and…
intracellular digestion
Occurs in the lumen of the alimentary…
extracellular digestion
43 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Biology Chp 4: The Nervous System
neurons
dendrites
soma
axon hillock
- highly specialized cells responsible for the conduction of…
appendages that receive signals from other cells
the cell body, it is the location of the nucleus as weak as o…
is where the cell body transitions to the axon, and where act…
neurons
- highly specialized cells responsible for the conduction of…
dendrites
appendages that receive signals from other cells
27 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Biology Chapter 1: The Cell
Cell Theory
Nucleolus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Peroxisomes
All living things composed of cells. ... Cell = basic functional…
subsection of the nucleus where rRNA is synthesized
Series of interconnected membranes to the nuclear envelop.…
Contain hydrogen peroxide - can break down long change fatty…
Cell Theory
All living things composed of cells. ... Cell = basic functional…
Nucleolus
subsection of the nucleus where rRNA is synthesized
265 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Kaplan MCAT General Chemistry
Rate Law
Sublimation
Raoult's Law
Mass number
An experimentally determined mathematical expression showing…
The phase change from a solid to a gas.
The vapor pressure of one component above a solution is propo…
The sum of the protons and neutrons in an element, denoted by…
Rate Law
An experimentally determined mathematical expression showing…
Sublimation
The phase change from a solid to a gas.
258 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Kapsheet (Biochemistry)
Glycine... short-hand and single letter…
Alanine... short-hand and single letter…
Valine
Leucine
non polar... the only non-stereogenic AA... (Gly, G)... R = none
non polar... (Ala, A)... R = CH3
non polar... look's like the letter "V" (i-Pr group)... (Val, V)…
non polar... (Leu, L)... R = CH2CH(CH3)2
Glycine... short-hand and single letter…
non polar... the only non-stereogenic AA... (Gly, G)... R = none
Alanine... short-hand and single letter…
non polar... (Ala, A)... R = CH3
80 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Kaplan quicksheet (physics)
What does the law of reflection descri…
What's the incident angle?
Snells law
Critical angle
That when a light ray is approaching a surface, the incident…
The angle between an incoming light ray, and the NORMAL.... Don…
When the angle of incidence approaching a boundary of two dif…
What does the law of reflection descri…
That when a light ray is approaching a surface, the incident…
What's the incident angle?
The angle between an incoming light ray, and the NORMAL.... Don…
256 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Kaplan quicksheets (Biology)
Where are the first adjustments to the…
Where are the final adjustments made t…
Somatostatin
Many things are reabsorbed from the ne…
DCT
collecting duct
inhibits the secretion of both insulin and glucagon.
Ammonia
Where are the first adjustments to the…
DCT
Where are the final adjustments made t…
collecting duct
39 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Biology Concepts
Transduction
Transformation
Stroma
Parenchyma
Transfer of genetic material by a bacteriophage
Absorption of genetic material from the environment
Support cells
Functional cells
Transduction
Transfer of genetic material by a bacteriophage
Transformation
Absorption of genetic material from the environment
159 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT Biology
Abductor
Acrosome
Active immunity
Adaptive immunity
A muscle that moves a limb away from the center of the body
The large vesicle at the head of a sperm cell containing enzy…
An immune response (antibody production or cellular immunity)…
Highly specific form of immunity that retains chemical memory…
Abductor
A muscle that moves a limb away from the center of the body
Acrosome
The large vesicle at the head of a sperm cell containing enzy…
24 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology MCAT (genetics and evolution)
Genetic leakage
Genetic drift
Founder effect
Monohybrid cross
flow of genes between species through hybrid offspring (rare…
composition of gene pool changes as a result of chance
results from bottlenecks that suddenly isolate a small popula…
accounts for one gene; results in 1:2:1 genotypes and 3:1 phe…
Genetic leakage
flow of genes between species through hybrid offspring (rare…
Genetic drift
composition of gene pool changes as a result of chance
25 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT: Biology (Musculoskeletal System)
Musculoskeletal system: contractile un…
sarcomere
sarcomere is in _____ muscle
sarcomere contains (not general struct…
sarcomere
contractile unit of the fibers in skeletal muscle
skeletal
thin actin and thick myosin filaments
Musculoskeletal system: contractile un…
sarcomere
sarcomere
contractile unit of the fibers in skeletal muscle
11 termscreated on December 4, 2016
the respiratory system - functions mcat biology
simple diffusion
pulmonary arteries
pulmonary veins
surface area
process by which the lungs perform gas exchange with the bloo…
vehicle by which deoxygenated blood with a high carbon dioxid…
vehicle by which oxygenated blood with a low carbon dioxide c…
the large __________ of interaction between alveoli and capil…
simple diffusion
process by which the lungs perform gas exchange with the bloo…
pulmonary arteries
vehicle by which deoxygenated blood with a high carbon dioxid…
28 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT: Biology (Nervous System)
functional unit of the nervous system
neuron structure
nervous system: resting potential
nervous system: action potential
neuron
3 Na+ pumped out for every 2K+ pumped in
stimulus acts on the neuron, depolarizing the membrane of the…
functional unit of the nervous system
neuron
neuron structure
22 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT Biology - Reproductive System
SEVENUP (Seminiferous tubules, Epididy…
GnRH
estrogen
oocyte endometrium
mnemonic for male reproduction
_____________ (a hormone) stimulates release of FSH and LH
1) normally inhibits LH and FSH... 2) causes LH surge when it re…
Monthly cycle: primary _______ matures into secondary oocyte…
SEVENUP (Seminiferous tubules, Epididy…
mnemonic for male reproduction
GnRH
_____________ (a hormone) stimulates release of FSH and LH
15 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT Biology (1.4 Genetics and Growth of Prokaryotic Cells)
binary fission
plasmid
virulence factors
episomes
This is a simple form of asexual reproduction used by prokary…
This is a small, circular section of extra DNA that although…
These are characteristics conferred by a plasmid that improve…
This is a subset of plasmids that are capable of integration…
binary fission
This is a simple form of asexual reproduction used by prokary…
plasmid
This is a small, circular section of extra DNA that although…
21 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Kaplan MCAT 1: The cell
microtubules are made of
cilia are ___... flagella are ___
_____ attach to kinetechores
intermediate filaments are for
tubulin
projections... for movement
centrioles
cell maintaince and repair
microtubules are made of
tubulin
cilia are ___... flagella are ___
projections... for movement
383 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Kaplan MCAT Biology (edit/delete whole set once copied to semester 2)
Red fibers
Fatty acid activation
Middle, inner
First
Slow-twitch muscle fibers. They are primarily aerobic and con…
The usage of two ATP molecules to convert fats into acetyl Co…
The ___ ear is composed of the tympanic membrane, malleus, in…
In what trimester does the fetal heart begin to beat?
Red fibers
Slow-twitch muscle fibers. They are primarily aerobic and con…
Fatty acid activation
The usage of two ATP molecules to convert fats into acetyl Co…
86 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT biology 2
what are intermediate filaments?
what are examples of intermediate fila…
what are the functions of intermediate…
what are the types of tissue (eukaryot…
diverse group of filamentous proteins
keratin, desmin, vimentin, lamins
involved in cell-cell adhesion/maintenance of the overall int…
epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle tissue, nerve ti…
what are intermediate filaments?
diverse group of filamentous proteins
what are examples of intermediate fila…
keratin, desmin, vimentin, lamins
534 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT: Biology
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
70 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology Chp 5: The Endocrine System
glands
hormones
peptide hormones
common second messengers
organs that secrete hormones
signalling molecules that are secreted directly into the bloo…
- are composed of AAs and are derived from larger precursor p…
cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)... inositol triphosphate (…
glands
organs that secrete hormones
hormones
signalling molecules that are secreted directly into the bloo…
86 termscreated on December 4, 2016
KAPLAN MCAT PHYSICS
Newton units
weight
static friction
kinetic friction
Newton units
weight
9 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Ch. 10 Excretory and Digestive Systems
liver
large intestine
roles of the kidney
filtration
-excreting many wastes by chemically modifying them and relea…
-reabsorbs water and ions (sodium, calcium, etc.) from feces…
-excretion of hydrophilic wastes... -maintenance of constant sol…
-passage of pressurized blood over a filter... -cells and protei…
liver
-excreting many wastes by chemically modifying them and relea…
large intestine
-reabsorbs water and ions (sodium, calcium, etc.) from feces…
33 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biology Lab Techniques
ELISA
Radioimmunoassay
Electrophoresis
Northern Blotting
-Determine presence of Antigens or antibodies... -when testing f…
-(RIA)... -Similar to ELISA, but use radiolabeled antigens and a…
-separate things by size or by charge... -gel made of acrylamide…
-Detect presence of specific sequences within a heterogeneous…
ELISA
-Determine presence of Antigens or antibodies... -when testing f…
Radioimmunoassay
-(RIA)... -Similar to ELISA, but use radiolabeled antigens and a…
8 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biology- Musculoskeletal system
Sarcomere
Initiation
Sarcomere shortening
Relaxation
contractile unit of the fibers in skeletal muscle... contains th…
depolarization of a neuron leads to an action potential
sarcoplasmic reticulum releases calcium ions... calcium binds to…
calcium ions are pumped back into the sarcoplasmic reticulum
Sarcomere
contractile unit of the fibers in skeletal muscle... contains th…
Initiation
depolarization of a neuron leads to an action potential
5 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biology- Nervous system
Neuron
Resting potential
Action Potential
Impulse Propagation
functional unit of the nervous system
3 Na + pumped out of every 2 K+ pumped in
stimulates acts on the neuron, depolarizing the membrane of t…
Depolarization (Na+ rushing into axon) followed by repolariza…
Neuron
functional unit of the nervous system
Resting potential
3 Na + pumped out of every 2 K+ pumped in
52 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biology Chp 1: The Cell
cell theory
eukaryotic cells
viruses, living?
prokaryotic cells
- all living thing are composed of cells... - the cell is the ba…
have membrane bound organelles, a nucleus, and may form multi…
they are not considered living things because they are acellu…
don't contain a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles; they or…
cell theory
- all living thing are composed of cells... - the cell is the ba…
eukaryotic cells
have membrane bound organelles, a nucleus, and may form multi…
33 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biology- Endocrine system
Direct hormones
tropic hormones
Mechanism of action for hormones
Anterior pituitary hormones
Directly stimulate organs
stimulate other glands
peptides act via second messengers and steroid hormoes act vi…
(FLAT PEG) Follicle stimulating, luteinizing, adrenocorticotr…
Direct hormones
Directly stimulate organs
tropic hormones
stimulate other glands
6 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biology- Homeostasis
Livers role in homeostasis
Layers of the Skin
Osmoregulation
Aldosterone
1. gluconeogenesis... 2. Processing of nitrogenous wastes (urea)…
1. Stratum corneum... 2. Stratum lucidum... 3. Stratum granulosum... 4…
1. Filtration- at the glomerulus. Filtrate (fluid and small s…
1.Stimulates Na+ reabsorption, K+ and H+ secretion, increasin…
Livers role in homeostasis
1. gluconeogenesis... 2. Processing of nitrogenous wastes (urea)…
Layers of the Skin
1. Stratum corneum... 2. Stratum lucidum... 3. Stratum granulosum... 4…
11 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biology- Reproduction
Cell division stages
Meiosis I
Meiosis II
Stages of Early development
G1: cell increases its organelles and cytoplasm... S: DNA replic…
two pairs of sister chromatids form tetrads during prophase I…
essentially identical to mitosis, but no replication... Meiosis…
Cleavage, implantation, gastrulation, neurulation
Cell division stages
G1: cell increases its organelles and cytoplasm... S: DNA replic…
Meiosis I
two pairs of sister chromatids form tetrads during prophase I…
17 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biology-The cell
Nucleus
Mitochondrion
Lysosomes
Rough Endoplasmic reticulum
contains all of the genetic material necessary for replicatio…
Location of many metabolic processes (pyruvate dehydrogenase,…
membrane-bound structures containing hydrolytic enzymes capab…
interconnected membranous structure with ribosomes studding t…
Nucleus
contains all of the genetic material necessary for replicatio…
Mitochondrion
Location of many metabolic processes (pyruvate dehydrogenase,…
76 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Nursing Final
Pandemic
all hazards
1 gal/lb
100
new disease that hasn't affected people before; on global sca…
short term event; local emergency; outside resources availabl…
potable water; includes bleach, filters, boiling
standard air quality index of air
Pandemic
new disease that hasn't affected people before; on global sca…
all hazards
short term event; local emergency; outside resources availabl…
38 termscreated on December 1, 2016
Bio 1134 Kaplan chapter 3
The building blocks found in all livin…
macromolecules
organic chemistry
carbon
1) carbohydrates (sugars) ... 2) lipids (fats/oils) ... 3) proteins…
Large, chain-like molecules made up of smaller subunits/molec…
the field of chemistry that studies carbon-containing molecul…
-a critical atom that makes life possible... -has ability to for…
The building blocks found in all livin…
1) carbohydrates (sugars) ... 2) lipids (fats/oils) ... 3) proteins…
macromolecules
Large, chain-like molecules made up of smaller subunits/molec…
51 termscreated on December 1, 2016
Bio 1134 Kaplan chapters 1 & 2
Bio
ology
Biology
Life
life
study of
The study of life and living things
an organismic state characterized by capacity for metabolism,…
Bio
life
ology
study of
22 termscreated on December 1, 2016
Kaplan Biological Systems Review - Ch. 1 - Biology and Behavior
Franz Gall
Pierre Flourens
William James
John Dewey
1758-1828... -Phrenology... -Form/function
1794-1867... -Extirpation/ablation: surgical removal of brain re…
1842-1910... -Father of American psychology... -Believed that it wa…
1859-1952... -Wrote the paper that is considered to have founded…
Franz Gall
1758-1828... -Phrenology... -Form/function
Pierre Flourens
1794-1867... -Extirpation/ablation: surgical removal of brain re…
53 termscreated on December 1, 2016
nextstep- bio/biochem- 2
basement membrane
mast cells
macrophages
loose connective tissue
a non-living extracellular conglomeration of proteins and car…
a type of connective tissue cell that are located near blood…
cells specialized for phagocytosis
composed mainly of fibroblasts that secrete both collagenous…
basement membrane
a non-living extracellular conglomeration of proteins and car…
mast cells
a type of connective tissue cell that are located near blood…
32 termscreated on November 30, 2016
Biology & Behavior
Which cortex is sometimes called the s…
motor neurons control which side of th…
which side of the body are auditory ne…
what determines which side of the brai…
the visual cortex is sometimes called the______ because it ha…
some neurons are contralateral - name one type
some neurons are ipsilateral - name a type
the __________ hemisphere is said to be the one more heavily…
Which cortex is sometimes called the s…
the visual cortex is sometimes called the______ because it ha…
motor neurons control which side of th…
some neurons are contralateral - name one type
85 termscreated on November 30, 2016
ch. 9 the digestive system
oxidation of glucose and fatty acids f…
extracellular digestion occurs in the…
hormones that stimulate feelings of sa…
stimulate feelings of hunger
intracellular digestion
alimentary canal
leptin and cholecystokinin
glucagon and ghrelin
oxidation of glucose and fatty acids f…
intracellular digestion
extracellular digestion occurs in the…
alimentary canal
17 termscreated on November 29, 2016
Biochem - Basics
Immunoglobulins (antibodies)
Types of antibodies
Ion channels - ungated
Ion channels - voltage gated
2 heavy chains and one light chain (in the shape of a Y)
1. Neutralizing - making toxin/pathogen unable to effect body…
unregulated
gate regulated by membrane potential, Na+ closed at rest, qui…
Immunoglobulins (antibodies)
2 heavy chains and one light chain (in the shape of a Y)
Types of antibodies
1. Neutralizing - making toxin/pathogen unable to effect body…
65 termscreated on November 29, 2016
MCAT biology
what is the cell theory
what are viruses
what are eukaryotic organisms
which cells contain a nucleus: eukaryo…
all living things are composed of cells... the cell is the basic…
small structures that contain genetic material, but are unabl…
can be unicellular or multicellular; contain a true nucleus
eukaryotic
what is the cell theory
all living things are composed of cells... the cell is the basic…
what are viruses
small structures that contain genetic material, but are unabl…
21 termscreated on November 29, 2016
Behavioral sciences- biology and behavior
Three types of neurons in nervous system
Parasympathetic branch
sympathetic branch
Hindbrain
motor (efferent), interneurons, and sensory (afferent)
"rest and digest" part of autonomic nervous system... Constricts…
"fight or flight" part of autonomic nervous system... dilates pu…
contains the cerebellum, medulla oblongata, and reticular for…
Three types of neurons in nervous system
motor (efferent), interneurons, and sensory (afferent)
Parasympathetic branch
"rest and digest" part of autonomic nervous system... Constricts…
86 termscreated on November 29, 2016
KAPLAN MCAT PHYSICS
Newton units
weight
static friction
kinetic friction
Newton units
weight
29 termscreated on November 29, 2016
Chap 10. Homeostasis (excretory)
Kidney anatomy
Renal portal system
Bowman's capsule
Bladder structure
Cortex: outer layer... Medulla: inner layer... Hilum: where the ren…
-renal artery travels through the medulla to cortex as affere…
The structure around the glomerulus... Followed by:... -proximal co…
-Detrusor muscle: lining that contracts with parasympathetic…
Kidney anatomy
Cortex: outer layer... Medulla: inner layer... Hilum: where the ren…
Renal portal system
-renal artery travels through the medulla to cortex as affere…
33 termscreated on November 29, 2016
Chapter 10 Homeostasis
Excretory system
Kidney anatomy
Portal system
Bowman's capsule
Kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra, ... kidney with 1 million nep…
Cortex... Medulla ... Hilum... Pelvis... Renal artery... Renal vein
2 capillary system before return of blood to the heart ... Renal…
Surrounds glomerulus ... Begins the proximal convoluted tubule,…
Excretory system
Kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra, ... kidney with 1 million nep…
Kidney anatomy
Cortex... Medulla ... Hilum... Pelvis... Renal artery... Renal vein
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