Study sets matching "biology kaplan mcat"

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Study sets matching "biology kaplan mcat"

38 termscreated on January 19, 2017
MCAT Biology
Desending Limb of the Loop of Henle
Filtrate
Glomerulus
Epidermis
Portion of the nephron permeable only to water. The filtrate…
The material that passes from the blood vessels into Bowman's…
Network of capiillaries within Bowman's capsule that serves a…
The outermost layer of skin, which is composed of the followi…
Desending Limb of the Loop of Henle
Portion of the nephron permeable only to water. The filtrate…
Filtrate
The material that passes from the blood vessels into Bowman's…
5 termscreated on January 19, 2017
MCAT Biology terms
Cell Theory
Eukaryotes
Cytosol
Nucleus
All living things are composed of cells... The cell is the basic…
Have membrane bound organelles, a nucleus, and may for multic…
Suspends organelles and allows diffusion of molecules through…
Contains DNA. Eukaryotic organelle
Cell Theory
All living things are composed of cells... The cell is the basic…
Eukaryotes
Have membrane bound organelles, a nucleus, and may for multic…
33 termscreated on January 19, 2017
MCAT 2017 - Biology
First to view a living cell was ______…
___ demonstrated that diseased cells c…
Three tenets of the original cell theo…
Viruses contain genetic material but
Leeuwenhoek in 1674
Rudolph Virchow in 1850
1) All living things are composed of cells... 2) The cell is the…
Are unable to reproduce on their own... -Can only replicate by i…
First to view a living cell was ______…
Leeuwenhoek in 1674
___ demonstrated that diseased cells c…
Rudolph Virchow in 1850
10 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Structure and Function of the Skin
1. protect us from pathogens... 2. preven…
1. epidermus... 2. dermis ... 3. hypodermis
insulating layer of adipose tissue
stratified (many layers) of squamous e…
What are the three primary roles of the skin?
What are the three layers of skin from most superficial to mo…
What type of tissue makes up the hypodermis?
What is the epidermis made of?
1. protect us from pathogens... 2. preven…
What are the three primary roles of the skin?
1. epidermus... 2. dermis ... 3. hypodermis
What are the three layers of skin from most superficial to mo…
25 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Chapter 1: Biology and Behavior
3 types of neurons
2 subcomponents of the nervous system
2 subcomponents of the PNS
2 subcomponents of the autonomic nervo…
sensory, motor, interneurons
CNS, PNS
somatic, autonomic
parasympathetic, sympathetic
3 types of neurons
sensory, motor, interneurons
2 subcomponents of the nervous system
CNS, PNS
11 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Gas Exchange and Ventilation Rate
the pulmonary atery
pulmonary edema
80% Nitrogen... 20% Oxygen
Henry's Law
What carries deoxygenated blood toward the lungs?
What is Fluid in the lungs resulting from increased blood pre…
What are the two main components of air?
According to which law does the amount of gas that will disso…
the pulmonary atery
What carries deoxygenated blood toward the lungs?
pulmonary edema
What is Fluid in the lungs resulting from increased blood pre…
16 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Pulmonary Ventillation
inspiration
passive
1. parietal pleura - lines the inside…
the pleural space
Which process (inspiration or expiration) is an active proces…
What type of process is expiration?
What are the two pleura that surround the lungs?
what space lies between the parietal pleura and visceral pleu…
inspiration
Which process (inspiration or expiration) is an active proces…
passive
What type of process is expiration?
44 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Chapter 4: The Nervous System
Neurons
Structure of Neuron
Cell body
Dendrites
specialized cells capable of transmitting electrical impulses…
There are a variety of different types of neurons in the body…
Where the nucleus is located, also called the soma, the locat…
has appendages emanating from the cell that receive incoming…
Neurons
specialized cells capable of transmitting electrical impulses…
Structure of Neuron
There are a variety of different types of neurons in the body…
22 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Anatomy and Function of The Respiratory System
the simple movement of air into and ou…
conducting zone
the actual exchange of gases (between…
respiratory zone
What is ventilation?
The parts of the body that take part only in ventilation are…
What is respiration?
What part of the body takes part and participates in actual g…
the simple movement of air into and ou…
What is ventilation?
conducting zone
The parts of the body that take part only in ventilation are…
24 termscreated on January 19, 2017
4.2 - Transmission of Neural Impulses
Action potentials
Resting membrane potential
Na+/K+ ATPase
Depolarization
All-or-nothing messages that relay electrical impulses down t…
About -70mV. Electrical potential different between inside of…
Helps maintain negative internal environment by pumping out 3…
Raising the membrane potential from resting potential as a re…
Action potentials
All-or-nothing messages that relay electrical impulses down t…
Resting membrane potential
About -70mV. Electrical potential different between inside of…
23 termscreated on January 19, 2017
4.1 - Cells of the Nervous System
Neurons
Cell body
Soma
Dendrites
Specialized cells capable of transmitting electrical impulses…
Contains nucleus
Another name for the cell body
Emanate directly from the soma. Receive incoming messages fro…
Neurons
Specialized cells capable of transmitting electrical impulses…
Cell body
Contains nucleus
5 termscreated on January 19, 2017
3.4 - Gestation and Birth
Fetus
Parturition
Prostaglandins
Oxytocin
Embryo after either weeks
Vaginal childbirth
Coordinate rhythmic contractions of uterine smooth muscle dur…
Peptide hormone that coordinates contractions during childbirth
Fetus
Embryo after either weeks
Parturition
Vaginal childbirth
30 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology Chp 10: Homeostasis
excretory system
kidney
kidney portal system
bladder
- serves many functions including the regulation of blood pre…
- produces urine, which dumps into the ureter at the *renal…
- contains two capillary beds in series... - blood from the *ren…
- has a muscular lining known as the detrusor muscle, which…
excretory system
- serves many functions including the regulation of blood pre…
kidney
- produces urine, which dumps into the ureter at the *renal…
62 termscreated on January 19, 2017
MCAT - KAPLAN - BIOCHEM - CHAPTER 2: Enzymes [WIP]
What is hypertension? What is it assoc…
What is ACE? In healthy individuals, w…
What type of molecules are enzymes?
What are some characteristics of enzym…
High blood pressure... Increase risk of... - Stroke... - Heart Failur…
Angiotensin-converting enzyme... ACE catalyzes a reaction that…
Protein
- Increase rate of biological reaction... - Regulates for homeos…
What is hypertension? What is it assoc…
High blood pressure... Increase risk of... - Stroke... - Heart Failur…
What is ACE? In healthy individuals, w…
Angiotensin-converting enzyme... ACE catalyzes a reaction that…
7 termscreated on January 19, 2017
3.3 - Fetal Circulation
Fetal hemoglobin (HbF)
Umbilical arteries
Umbilical vein
Shunts
Exhibits a greater afffinity for oxygen than does maternal he…
Carry deoxygenated blood away from the fetus toward the place…
Carries oxygenated blood toward the fetus from the placenta
Three structures the fetus has to actively direct blood away…
Fetal hemoglobin (HbF)
Exhibits a greater afffinity for oxygen than does maternal he…
Umbilical arteries
Carry deoxygenated blood away from the fetus toward the place…
11 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology Chapter 2: Reproduction
What are the stages of the cell cycle…
What are the stages of Mitosis and wha…
What are the stages of Meiosis I and I…
Mnemonic I: Sex-Linked Genes
G1: Cell increases its organelles and cytoplasm. ... CHECKPOINT…
Prophase ... Metaphase ... Anaphase ... Telophase/Cytokinesis
Meiosis I: ... -Two pairs of sister chromatids form tetrads dur…
SeX-Linked is X-Linked
What are the stages of the cell cycle…
G1: Cell increases its organelles and cytoplasm. ... CHECKPOINT…
What are the stages of Mitosis and wha…
Prophase ... Metaphase ... Anaphase ... Telophase/Cytokinesis
24 termscreated on January 19, 2017
3.2 - Mechanisms of Deveopment
Determination
Morphogens
Differentiation
Stem cells
Commitment of a cell to having a particular function in the f…
Molecules secreted that may cause nearby cells to follow a pa…
Changing the structure, function, and biochemistry of a cell…
Cells that have not yet differentiated or which give rise to…
Determination
Commitment of a cell to having a particular function in the f…
Morphogens
Molecules secreted that may cause nearby cells to follow a pa…
18 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology Chapter 1: Prokaryotic Cells
prokaryotes
archaea
bacteria
cocci
organisms that do not contain membrane-bound organelles and t…
organisms that are extremophiles and often use alternative so…
have similar structures to eukaryotes and have more complex r…
spherical bacteria
prokaryotes
organisms that do not contain membrane-bound organelles and t…
archaea
organisms that are extremophiles and often use alternative so…
27 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology Chapter 1: Eukaryotic cells
cell theory
eukaryotes
cytosol
nucleus
1.) all living things are composed of cells... 2.) the cell is t…
organisms with membrane-bound organelles, a nucleus, and may…
suspends the organelles and allows diffusion of molecules thr…
contains DNA organized into chromosomes
cell theory
1.) all living things are composed of cells... 2.) the cell is t…
eukaryotes
organisms with membrane-bound organelles, a nucleus, and may…
80 termscreated on January 19, 2017
MCAT: Kaplan Behavioral Sciences - Identity and Personality (6)
self-concept
self-schema
Identity
Gender Identity
-how you perceive yourself... -Who am I? ... -includes not only sel…
-a self-given label that carries with it a set of qualities…
-different than self-concept... -the individual components of ou…
-describes a person's appraisal of him-or herself on scales o…
self-concept
-how you perceive yourself... -Who am I? ... -includes not only sel…
self-schema
-a self-given label that carries with it a set of qualities…
6 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Rhoton MCAT Biology 1
Phospholipid
integral protein
surface protein
transport protein
phosphate head with a hydrocarbon tail, this is what cell mem…
protein with multiple segments in the phospholipid bilayer
protein embedded in the outer layer of the cell membrane
a type of integral protein that goes across the entire cell m…
Phospholipid
phosphate head with a hydrocarbon tail, this is what cell mem…
integral protein
protein with multiple segments in the phospholipid bilayer
19 terms
created on January 19, 2017
3.2: Mechanisms of Development
determination
morphogens
totipotent
pluripotent
the commitment of a cell to having a particular function in t…
paracrine agents that cause nearby cells to follow a particul…
- cells that can ultimately differentiate into any cell type,…
cells that can differentiate into multiple types of cells wit…
determination
the commitment of a cell to having a particular function in t…
morphogens
paracrine agents that cause nearby cells to follow a particul…
219 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology Chapter 5: The Endocrine System
How do endocrine glands differ from ex…
What do exocrine glands include?
How does the pancreas acts as both an…
What is the difference between the end…
-exocrine glands release hormones directly into the bloodstre…
1) sudoriferous (sweat) ... 2) sebaceous (oil)... 3) mucous ... 4) dig…
-it releases digestive enzymes through the pancreatic duct... -i…
the endocrine system tends to be slower, less direct, and lon…
How do endocrine glands differ from ex…
-exocrine glands release hormones directly into the bloodstre…
What do exocrine glands include?
1) sudoriferous (sweat) ... 2) sebaceous (oil)... 3) mucous ... 4) dig…
92 termscreated on January 19, 2017
MCAT Biology
Nucleotide vs Nucleoside
Purines
Pyrimidines
Base Pairing
Nucleotide = base(AGTC) + sugar + phosphate... Nucleoside = bas…
Adenosine, Guanosine ... double rings
Thymidine, Cytidine ... single rings
A pairs with T (2 bonds) ... G Pairs with C (3 bonds)
Nucleotide vs Nucleoside
Nucleotide = base(AGTC) + sugar + phosphate... Nucleoside = bas…
Purines
Adenosine, Guanosine ... double rings
29 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology Chapter 6 and 7: The Respiratory and Cardiovascular Systems
total lung capacity
Residual volume
Vital Capacity
Tidal Volume
max. volume of air in lungs when one inhales completely (usua…
minimum volume of air in the lungs when one exhales completely
the difference between the minimum and maximum volume of air…
the volume of air inhaled or exhaled in a normal breath
total lung capacity
max. volume of air in lungs when one inhales completely (usua…
Residual volume
minimum volume of air in the lungs when one exhales completely
53 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Digestive System
(3) processes of Digestive System?
What (2) characteristics promote Absor…
Organ path of digestive system? (6)
Ingestion... - Organs involved?... - Steps
1) Digestion... 2) Absorption... 3) Excretion
1) Surface Area... - Villi (in small intestine) increases SA... 2)…
1) Mouth... 2) Esophagus... 3) Stomach... 4) Small Intestine... 5) Large…
- Mouth and Esophagus ... 1) Taking in food by mouth... 2) Chewing…
(3) processes of Digestive System?
1) Digestion... 2) Absorption... 3) Excretion
What (2) characteristics promote Absor…
1) Surface Area... - Villi (in small intestine) increases SA... 2)…
42 terms
created on January 19, 2017
3.1: Early Developmental Stages
ampulla
acrosomal apparatus
cortical reaction
- the widest part of the fallopian tube... - fertilization ofte…
when the first sperm comes into direct contact with the secon…
after penetration of the first sperm through the cell membran…
ampulla
- the widest part of the fallopian tube... - fertilization ofte…
acrosomal apparatus
when the first sperm comes into direct contact with the secon…
29 termscreated on January 19, 2017
TRP 5: Biology (Microbiology)
Viruses
Virus adsorption or attachment
Virus penetration or eclipse
hydrolase (virus)
an obligate intracellular parasite that relies on host machin…
binding to host cell
injection of the viral genome into host cell
early gene... degrades the entire host genome
Viruses
an obligate intracellular parasite that relies on host machin…
Virus adsorption or attachment
binding to host cell
52 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology Chapter 2: Reproduction
Cell cycle
G0
Restriction point
p53
Interphase (G1, S, G2)... M phase (mitosis)... Cytokinesis... (see…
Offshoot of G1, cell is simply living with no preparations fo…
Cell checkpoint between G1 and S ... There is another checkpoin…
•Plays major role in G1/S and G2/M checkpoints ... •Ensures DNA…
Cell cycle
Interphase (G1, S, G2)... M phase (mitosis)... Cytokinesis... (see…
G0
Offshoot of G1, cell is simply living with no preparations fo…
48 termscreated on January 19, 2017
MCAT Biology
glands
Hormones
Recetors
peptide hormones structure
organs in the endocrine system that secrete hormones
signaling molecules that are secreted directly into the blood…
hormones bind to them inducing a change in gene expression or…
made up of amino acids
glands
organs in the endocrine system that secrete hormones
Hormones
signaling molecules that are secreted directly into the blood…
43 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology Chapter 1 (Mine)
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Cytoplasmic/Extranuclear Inheritance
Rough ER
Contains DNA and replicates it. Surrounded by nuclear membran…
Energy house, double membrane. Inner membrane to outer membra…
When an organelle can make it's own DNA replication (like in…
studded with ribosomes to aid in protein translation
Nucleus
Contains DNA and replicates it. Surrounded by nuclear membran…
Mitochondria
Energy house, double membrane. Inner membrane to outer membra…
94 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Kaplan MCAT Biology Ch. 1: The Cell
chromosome
cystosol
nucleus
eukaryotes diff
genetic material encoded in DNA organized into linear strands…
cell membrane enclosing this semifluid in eukaryotes
chromosomes are found in here in eukaryotes
plants: cell wall and chloroplasts
chromosome
genetic material encoded in DNA organized into linear strands…
cystosol
cell membrane enclosing this semifluid in eukaryotes
71 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Behavioral Sciences - Chapter 1: Biology and Behavior
Franz Gall
Pierre Flourens
William James
John Dewey
Doctrine of phrenology - brain grows in places that well-deve…
Performed extirpations/ablations to determine that the brain…
Father of American psychology - functionalism - studied how m…
Thought psychology should focus on the study of the organism…
Franz Gall
Doctrine of phrenology - brain grows in places that well-deve…
Pierre Flourens
Performed extirpations/ablations to determine that the brain…
79 termscreated on January 19, 2017
Biology Chapters 1-3
What are the 4 fundamental tenets of c…
What is the nucleolus?
Where and how is the proton motive for…
What is the function of mitochondria?
All living things are made of cells, The cell is the basic un…
a subsection of the nucleus where ribosomal RNA is synthesize…
Between the mitochondrial matrix and the inter membrane space…
generate ATP and also kill the cell if needed
What are the 4 fundamental tenets of c…
All living things are made of cells, The cell is the basic un…
What is the nucleolus?
a subsection of the nucleus where ribosomal RNA is synthesize…
67 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Kaplan MCAT Biology: Chapter 5
Glands
Hormones
Peptide Hormones
Which are more rapid, steriod or pepti…
Organs in the endocrine system that secrete hormones.
Signaling molecules that are secreted directly into the blood…
Made up of amino acids, that are derived from larger precurso…
Peptide-because they cat through transient secondary messenge…
Glands
Organs in the endocrine system that secrete hormones.
Hormones
Signaling molecules that are secreted directly into the blood…
22 terms
created on January 18, 2017
2.3: The Reproductive System
sertoli cells
seminiferous tubules
Leydig cells
epididymus
cells that nourish the development of sperm
produce sperm
secrete testosteron
- the place where the sperm's flagella gain motility... - sperm…
sertoli cells
cells that nourish the development of sperm
seminiferous tubules
produce sperm
8 terms
created on January 18, 2017
2.1: The Cell Cycle and Mitosis
restriction point
presynthetic gap
post synthetic gap
cyclins
- governs passage into the S stage is governed by this... - the…
- G1 stage... - a growth stage prior to S phase
- G2 stage... - the cell passes through a quality checkpoint to…
- proteins that, during the cell cycle, exist at different co…
restriction point
- governs passage into the S stage is governed by this... - the…
presynthetic gap
- G1 stage... - a growth stage prior to S phase
17 terms
created on January 18, 2017
1.5: Viruses and Subviral Particles
capsid
virion
bacteriophage
tail sheath
the protein coat of a virus
viral progeny produced by the host cell
a virus that specifically targets bacteria
a part of the bacteriophage that can act like a syringe, inje…
capsid
the protein coat of a virus
virion
viral progeny produced by the host cell
86 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Kaplan MCAT Behavioral Sciences Ch. 3 Learning and Memory
Source-monitoring effect
Habituation
Dishabituation
Associative Learning
confusion between semantic and episodic memory
Repeated exposure to same stimulus yields decreased response
Recovery of response to a stimulus after habituation has occu…
Pairing two stimuli or behavior and a response... Classical Cond…
Source-monitoring effect
confusion between semantic and episodic memory
Habituation
Repeated exposure to same stimulus yields decreased response
14 terms
created on January 18, 2017
1.4: Genetics and Growth of Prokaryotic Cells
binary fission
virulence factor
episome
trnsformation
- a simple form of asexual reproduction seen in prokaryotes…
a trait that increases how pathogenic a bacterium is
a type of plasmid that is capable of integrating into the gen…
the integration of foreign genetic material into the host gen…
binary fission
- a simple form of asexual reproduction seen in prokaryotes…
virulence factor
a trait that increases how pathogenic a bacterium is
32 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Chapter 3: Embryogenesis and Development
The Early Developmental Stages
Fertilization
Dizygotic/Fraternal
Monozygotic/Identical
Fertilization, Cleavage, Blastulazation, Gastrulation, Neural…
Spermatozoa bind with secondary oocyte in the fallopian tube.…
fertilization of two eggs released during one life cycle. No…
forms when a single zygote into two, conjoined twins may reso…
The Early Developmental Stages
Fertilization, Cleavage, Blastulazation, Gastrulation, Neural…
Fertilization
Spermatozoa bind with secondary oocyte in the fallopian tube.…
17 termscreated on January 18, 2017
BIOLOGY 3, 4, 6 NOTES
Potential Changes to Amino Acid
Effects of Cholesterol in Membrane
Alpha vs Beta Linkage
LAC OPERON COMPONENTS & BINDING SITES
1. size... 2. change of polarity... 3. loss of charge
* packs between phospholipids... * fills holes/decrease permeabi…
Alpha is starch/glycogen. Beta is cellulose. We can't digest…
RNA polymerase binds to the promoter site... Lac repressor binds…
Potential Changes to Amino Acid
1. size... 2. change of polarity... 3. loss of charge
Effects of Cholesterol in Membrane
* packs between phospholipids... * fills holes/decrease permeabi…
112 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Kaplan MCAT Behavioral Sciences Ch.6: Identity and Personality
Self-Concept
Self-Schema
Identity
Gender Identity
- the sum of thoughts and feelings about oneself; includes se…
- a self given label that carries with it a set of qualities
- the individual components of our self-concept related to th…
- a person's appraisal of him or herself on scales of masculi…
Self-Concept
- the sum of thoughts and feelings about oneself; includes se…
Self-Schema
- a self given label that carries with it a set of qualities
51 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Kaplan MCAT Behavioral Sciences Chapter 12: Social Stratification
Social Stratification
Socioeconomic status (SES)
Ascribed status
Achieved status
a social hierarchy resulting from the relatively permanent un…
Your class in a society. Depends on your ascribed status and…
Involuntary and derives from clearly identifiable characteris…
Acquired through direct, individual effort.
Social Stratification
a social hierarchy resulting from the relatively permanent un…
Socioeconomic status (SES)
Your class in a society. Depends on your ascribed status and…
64 termscreated on January 18, 2017
MCAT Biology Question Set 1
The sodium pump would be most active i…
When erythrocytes are placed in distil…
A student postulated that the sodium p…
Based on (1 ATP to move 3 Na+), if all…
Loop of Henle
gradient of ions causes water to enter the cells
No, action potentials result in an increased permeability of…
6
The sodium pump would be most active i…
Loop of Henle
When erythrocytes are placed in distil…
gradient of ions causes water to enter the cells
86 termscreated on January 18, 2017
MCAT-Social Science, Chapter 11 (Kaplan)
Macrosociology
Microsociology
Social structure
Functionalism/functional analysis
focuses on large groups and social structure.
focuses on small group and the individual.
a system of people within a society organized by a characteri…
the study of the structure and function of each part of socie…
Macrosociology
focuses on large groups and social structure.
Microsociology
focuses on small group and the individual.
14 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Genetics & Evolution
Gregor Mendel
Thomas Hunt Morgan
Frederick Griffith
Avery, MacLeod & McCarty
described basic principles of heredity
associated specific gene & subsequent phenotype (eye color in…
cell extracts can transform bacteria, indicating biological m…
systematically & chemically destroyed each biological macromo…
Gregor Mendel
described basic principles of heredity
Thomas Hunt Morgan
associated specific gene & subsequent phenotype (eye color in…
43 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Kaplan MCAT gen chem
Coordinate covalent... 3.1
physical properties of ionic compounds…
bond order... G.C. 3.3
bond energy... G.C. 3.3
a covalent bond in which the shared electron pair comes from…
-high melting/boiling point... -readily dissolve in water... -good…
the number of shared electron pairs between two atoms; a sing…
the energy required to break a chemical bond by separating it…
Coordinate covalent... 3.1
a covalent bond in which the shared electron pair comes from…
physical properties of ionic compounds…
-high melting/boiling point... -readily dissolve in water... -good…
9 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Lymphatic System
Function of lymphatic system? (4)
Lymph nodes circulate one way through…
Lymphatic system is a opened system (f…
Interstitial fluid has negative gauge…
- Collect excess interstitial fluid that results from fluid e…
1) Thoracic Duct... 2) Vena Cava... `
- Enters system by flowing between overlapping endothelial ce…
When the pressure rises to zero, lymph flow increases
Function of lymphatic system? (4)
- Collect excess interstitial fluid that results from fluid e…
Lymph nodes circulate one way through…
1) Thoracic Duct... 2) Vena Cava... `
85 termscreated on January 18, 2017
MCAT-Social Science, Chapter 10 (Kaplan)
Interpersonal attraction
Golden Ratio
Self-disclosure
Reciprocal liking
Individuals liking each other.
Individual with certain body proportion (1.618:1) that humans…
sharing one's fears, thoughts, and goals with another person…
the phenomenon whereby people like others better when they be…
Interpersonal attraction
Individuals liking each other.
Golden Ratio
Individual with certain body proportion (1.618:1) that humans…
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