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Study sets matching "biology lab 8"

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Study sets matching "biology lab 8"

60 terms
Biology Lab 8: Photosynthesis
Where does photosynthesis occur in euk…
(light) energy capturing... Note that mo…
Name three components.
Not that water in the thylakoid lumen…
in chloroplasts.
thylakoid membrane
-photosystems... -electron transport chains... -enzymes (like ATP s…
-split... -giving up electrons and forming molecular oxygen.
Where does photosynthesis occur in euk…
in chloroplasts.
(light) energy capturing... Note that mo…
thylakoid membrane
71 terms
Biology 224 Lab 8
pineal gland (body)
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
thyroid gland
pineal gland (body)
hypothalamus
88 terms
Biology 224 Lab 8
thyroid gland
thyroid follicle
thyroid colloid
adrenal gland
thyroid gland
thyroid follicle
15 terms
Biology Lab 8 Study Guide
Why do chromosomes appear as an "X"
centromere
prophase in an onion root tip
prometaphase in an onion root tip
they are sister chromatids
...
Why do chromosomes appear as an "X"
they are sister chromatids
centromere
56 terms
Biology: Muscular Lab 8
Frontalis
Orbicularis oculi
transversus abdominis
orbicularis oris
Frontalis
Orbicularis oculi
38 terms
Cell Biology 2415 Lab 8: Cell Motility
Cell Motility
Brownian Movement
True Motility
Chemotaxis
All living cells are capable of movement in some respect. Thi…
An osculating motion caused by molecules in the surrounding l…
Directed movement and organisms that are motile and will proc…
Cell movement that occurs in response to chemical stimulus
Cell Motility
All living cells are capable of movement in some respect. Thi…
Brownian Movement
An osculating motion caused by molecules in the surrounding l…
14 terms
Lab 8 & 9: Forensic Biology
Delta
Core
Whorl
Simple Arch
The delta point is a pattern of a fingerprint that resembles…
Core point refers to the center area of a fingerprint. A fing…
A fingerprint in which the central papillary ridges turn thro…
Hill-shaped, curved top, no triangle was formed in with the s…
Delta
The delta point is a pattern of a fingerprint that resembles…
Core
Core point refers to the center area of a fingerprint. A fing…
104 terms
Lab 8, 9, 10 Biology
To me considered an animal, an organis…
Choanoflagellates
How are animals classified?
Dorsal
1
ancestors to animals... - colonial... - cells with flagellum surrou…
- body plans ( to allow survival abd reproduction in its envi…
near or towards the back... shoulder blade
To me considered an animal, an organis…
1
Choanoflagellates
ancestors to animals... - colonial... - cells with flagellum surrou…
8 terms
Biology Lab 8
Antibodies
Antigen
what did Dr. Carl Landsteiner discover?
what two types of antigen can be found…
small molecule produced by the immune system that recognizes…
usually parts that make up viral protein coats or structures…
-human blood can be broken down into 4 groups, based on what…
-antigen A... -antigen B
Antibodies
small molecule produced by the immune system that recognizes…
Antigen
usually parts that make up viral protein coats or structures…
208 terms
Biology A&P Lab 8
Central Nervous System
Sensory (afferent) division
Motor (Efferent) Division
Somatic Nervous System
Includes the brain and spinal cord
Responsible for receiving sensory information from receptors…
Responsible for initiating in transmitting motor output from…
Initiates in transmits motor output from the central nervous…
Central Nervous System
Includes the brain and spinal cord
Sensory (afferent) division
Responsible for receiving sensory information from receptors…
28 terms
Biology 197 Lab 8: Invertebrate Zoology II (Anatomy)
Digestive Gland
Cardiac Stomach
Gonad
Madreporite
Red
Black
White
Orange
Digestive Gland
Red
Cardiac Stomach
Black
88 terms
Biology 224 Lab 8
thyroid gland
thyroid follicle
thyroid colloid
adrenal gland
thyroid gland
thyroid follicle
87 terms
Biology A&P II Lab 8 MODELS
Pharynx
Esophagus
Stomach
Cardia
4. Digestive System
5. Digestive System
6. Digestive System
6a. Digestive System
Pharynx
4. Digestive System
Esophagus
5. Digestive System
160 terms
Biology A&P II Lab 8
Pharynx
Esophagus
Stomach
Gallbladder
Pharynx
Esophagus
40 terms
Biology Lab 8
Fungi multicellular or unicellular
Fungi cell walls are built from
Multicellular fungi have a body compos…
Septate hyphae
they are both multicellular and unicellular (yeast)
polysaccharde chitin
Hyphae
incomplete cell walls
Fungi multicellular or unicellular
they are both multicellular and unicellular (yeast)
Fungi cell walls are built from
polysaccharde chitin
51 terms
Biology 112 Lab 8: Invertebrate Diversity 2
What are the lophotrochozoans?
Where does the lophophore occur?
What is the lophophore?
What are the 3 main triplosblastic bod…
...
in the lophophorates
crown of ciliated tentacles that surround the mouth and serve…
pseudocoelomate, acoelomates, and coelomates
What are the lophotrochozoans?
...
Where does the lophophore occur?
in the lophophorates
11 terms
Biology 1110 Lab 8 Review
basic cellular respiration equation
where does cellular respiration occur…
universal energy producing, anaerobic…
basic equation for glycolysis
glucose + oxygen --> carbon dioxide + water + ATP + heat
mitochondria
glycolysis
glucose --> 2 pyruvate + 2 ATP
basic cellular respiration equation
glucose + oxygen --> carbon dioxide + water + ATP + heat
where does cellular respiration occur…
mitochondria
12 terms
biology lab 8
Gene
Allele
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Genes are segments of DNA located on chromosomes. The fundame…
One member of a pair (or any of the series) of genes occupyin…
Homozygous refers to having identical alleles for a single tr…
Having dissimilar alleles that code for the same gene or trait.
Gene
Genes are segments of DNA located on chromosomes. The fundame…
Allele
One member of a pair (or any of the series) of genes occupyin…
7 terms
Organismal Biology: Lab 8: Animal Form & Function -- Arthropoda
Ecdyzozoa - Arthropoda - Arthropods
Open circulatory system
Closed circulatory system
Single circulation (fish)
-True tissues... -Bilateral symmetry... -Hox genes... -Triploblastic
-Hemolymph bathes the body cells directly (it is NOT complete…
-Blood is confined to vessels and is distinct from the inters…
-Two-chambered heart... -In single circulation, blood passes thr…
Ecdyzozoa - Arthropoda - Arthropods
-True tissues... -Bilateral symmetry... -Hox genes... -Triploblastic
Open circulatory system
-Hemolymph bathes the body cells directly (it is NOT complete…
7 terms
Biology 1: Lab 8
proteins
enzymes
temperature
pH
organic molecules consisting of a chain of amino acids linked…
speedup the synthesis or breakdown of biological molecules in…
can have an impact on a protein's shape; is a measure of the…
describes that concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution;…
proteins
organic molecules consisting of a chain of amino acids linked…
enzymes
speedup the synthesis or breakdown of biological molecules in…
5 terms
Biology 223 Lab 8
Dendrites
Cell body
Axon hillock
Axon
Branched processes at proximal end extending from cell body... F…
Also called soma ... Contains nucleus & organelles ... Receives imp…
Widened base of axon... Point where axon arises from cell body
Single processes from cell body but may branch into collatera…
Dendrites
Branched processes at proximal end extending from cell body... F…
Cell body
Also called soma ... Contains nucleus & organelles ... Receives imp…
54 terms
Biology 112 Lab 8: Invertebrate Diversity II
triploblastic
Coleomates are classified into what tw…
3 Phylum of Protostomes?
Protostome characteristics
the body is derived from 3 embryonic layers
Protostomes and Deuterostomes
Annelida... Mollusca... and Anthropoda
Embryonic blastophore becomes mouth... Display Spiral cleavage... C…
triploblastic
the body is derived from 3 embryonic layers
Coleomates are classified into what tw…
Protostomes and Deuterostomes
10 terms
Biology Pre Lab 8
Enzymes are
Enzymes function by
The substance that an enzyme combines…
Enzyme specificity refers to the
Biological catalysts.... Agents that speed up cellular reactions…
Lowering the activation energy of a reaction.
The substrate.
Fact that enzymes catalyze one particular substrate or a smal…
Enzymes are
Biological catalysts.... Agents that speed up cellular reactions…
Enzymes function by
Lowering the activation energy of a reaction.
71 terms
Biology 1215 Lab 8: Ecology
Ecology
Ecosystem
Population
Intraspecific interactions
The scientific study of the relationships between organisms a…
The environment includes all the biotic (living) and abiotic…
A group of individuals of the same species inhabiting a given…
Interactions between individuals of the same species. These i…
Ecology
The scientific study of the relationships between organisms a…
Ecosystem
The environment includes all the biotic (living) and abiotic…
12 terms
Lab 8: Molecular Biology
Ingredient in the Dideoxy Chain Termin…
How to read a Dideoxy Chain Terminatio…
The ratio of ddNTPs and dNTPs
Probability of a DNA sequence with "N"…
Template, Polymerase, Buffer, 1 Primer, All four types of ddN…
Read from the bottom (positive charge end) up, because the sh…
1:3
Probability = (1/4)^N
Ingredient in the Dideoxy Chain Termin…
Template, Polymerase, Buffer, 1 Primer, All four types of ddN…
How to read a Dideoxy Chain Terminatio…
Read from the bottom (positive charge end) up, because the sh…
11 terms
Bio-Lab 8/31/15
What is taxonomic process
Who came up with the modern system of…
Sistema Naturae
The taxonomic ranks range from:
Classifying organism is a fundamental task in the taxonomic p…
Carl Linnaeus in early 1700s, He grouped the organisms based…
First book published by Linnaeus to standardize the naming of…
Domain most inclusive, Kingdom, phylum, Class, orders, Family…
What is taxonomic process
Classifying organism is a fundamental task in the taxonomic p…
Who came up with the modern system of…
Carl Linnaeus in early 1700s, He grouped the organisms based…
46 terms
Biology 197 Lab 8: Invertebrate Zoology II
Phylum Arthropoda
Evolved innovations of Phylum Arthropoda
Subphylum Chelicerata... Phylum Arthropoda
Chelicerae
- triploblastic... -bilateral symmetry... -coelomates (body cavity)…
- jointed appendages (legs, antennae, and mouth parts)... - exos…
- four pairs of legs... - no antennae or mandibles... - abdomen... In…
pincers/fangs used for feeding... subphylum chelicerata
Phylum Arthropoda
- triploblastic... -bilateral symmetry... -coelomates (body cavity)…
Evolved innovations of Phylum Arthropoda
- jointed appendages (legs, antennae, and mouth parts)... - exos…
23 terms
Biology 111A Lab 8
Mitosis
Meiosis
Ploidy
Diploid (2n)
Growth and repair during development and after birth
Reduction of chromosome number during sexual reproduction
The number of chromosome sets in a cell
Contains the full complement of chromosomes.... Contain Homologo…
Mitosis
Growth and repair during development and after birth
Meiosis
Reduction of chromosome number during sexual reproduction
9 terms
Lab 8 Biology
Evolution
Variation
Heritable
The second way of defining evolution
The change in a species over time
Means differences
Your traits are programmed in your genetic makeup
A change in gene frequencies in a population over time
Evolution
The change in a species over time
Variation
Means differences
15 terms
Biology lab 8
Enzymes
Hydrolase
Synthase
Oxide-reductase
Proteins that act as catalysts, bind to substrate molecule, n…
Catalyzes the hydrolysis of a substrate through the addition…
Catalyzes the synthesis of a substance without involving the…
Catalyzes an oxidation- reduction reaction, works best at pH…
Enzymes
Proteins that act as catalysts, bind to substrate molecule, n…
Hydrolase
Catalyzes the hydrolysis of a substrate through the addition…
6 terms
Biology lab 8
Frequency of recessive trait
Frequency of recessive gene
Frequency of dominant Gene
Frequency of homozygous dominant trait
Number recessive/Total Number... q^2
q
P
P^2
Frequency of recessive trait
Number recessive/Total Number... q^2
Frequency of recessive gene
q
Biology Lab 8
Evolutionary Event
Allele Frequency
Evolution
What does evolution occur on?
change in allele frequency of population
proportion of gene copies in a population of specific alleles
change in inherited traits over time
a scale
Evolutionary Event
change in allele frequency of population
Allele Frequency
proportion of gene copies in a population of specific alleles
13 terms
Biology Lab 8
a structure may be visible in the comp…
some structures can be made visible be…
onion cytoplasmic region
NaCl
...its refractive index is sufficiently different from that o…
...they take up more of certain strains than the rest of the…
should appear pale pink or red because of the presence of the…
used in plasmolysis because the concentration of the NaCl is…
a structure may be visible in the comp…
...its refractive index is sufficiently different from that o…
some structures can be made visible be…
...they take up more of certain strains than the rest of the…
26 terms
Biology Lab 8
the fusion of egg and sperm nuclei, pr…
the genetic material of both consists of
in prokaryotes, the DNA molecule is or…
the splitting of preexisting cell into…
fertilization
DNA
chromosome
fission
the fusion of egg and sperm nuclei, pr…
fertilization
the genetic material of both consists of
DNA
35 terms
Biology Lab 8
Lophotrochozoans
Lophophore
Trochophore
Pseudocoelomate
-have triploblastic development... -do not molt
-occurs in the lophophorates... -is a crown of ciliated tentacle…
-is a larval stage present in annelids and molluscs
-have a body cavity that is partially lined with mesoderm
Lophotrochozoans
-have triploblastic development... -do not molt
Lophophore
-occurs in the lophophorates... -is a crown of ciliated tentacle…
16 terms
Biology lab 8
HD
Chorea
Autosomal dominant
Hh
Huntingtons disease... Inherited neurological disorder mid life
Involuntary movement ... Jerking
Not liked to sec chromosome
Heterozygous
HD
Huntingtons disease... Inherited neurological disorder mid life
Chorea
Involuntary movement ... Jerking
30 terms
Biology 111 - Lab 8
What physiological processes do plants…
Location/function of roots:
What part of the plants does photosynt…
What do leaves contain and what is the…
Nutrient acquisition, gas exchange, transport of materials, r…
Roots are generally underground and function in anchorage and…
The green parts of plant.
Leaves are composed of petiole for attachment and a blade, wh…
What physiological processes do plants…
Nutrient acquisition, gas exchange, transport of materials, r…
Location/function of roots:
Roots are generally underground and function in anchorage and…
41 terms
Biology Lab 8
animal
ingestive nutrition
extracellular matrix
collagen
motile, non-photosynthetic organisms that are heterotrophic
take in whole food particles
cell layer rich in carbohydrates and structural proteins, ins…
structural glycoprotein unique to animals
animal
motile, non-photosynthetic organisms that are heterotrophic
ingestive nutrition
take in whole food particles
8 terms
Biology lab 8
Chlorophyll
Photosynthesis
Aerobic respiration
Carbon dioxide
Green pigment
Metabolic process that combines carbon dioxide, water to form…
Where sugar and oxygen react to form carbon dioxide, water an…
CO2
Chlorophyll
Green pigment
Photosynthesis
Metabolic process that combines carbon dioxide, water to form…
31 terms
Lab 8: Biology
Phylum Arthropoda
Symmetry for Arthropoda
Tissue Organization
What segmentation do Arthropoda they h…
Subphylum Chelicerata ... Subphylum Crustacea
Bilateral
Triploblast Coelomates Protostomes
Cephalothorax
Phylum Arthropoda
Subphylum Chelicerata ... Subphylum Crustacea
Symmetry for Arthropoda
Bilateral
13 terms
Biology Lab 8
Allele
Chromosome
Di-hybrid Cross
Diploid Cells
One of the possible forms of a gene. Most have two (dominant…
Passes genetic material from one generation to the next; made…
Hybrid organism displaying both dominant characteristics.
Cells with two chromosomes of each kind.
Allele
One of the possible forms of a gene. Most have two (dominant…
Chromosome
Passes genetic material from one generation to the next; made…
23 terms
Biology Lab 8
Determinate Growth
Indeterminate Growth
Define meristem, what cell types are m…
Where are Apical meristems located?
When an animal grows to a predetermined adult size and then s…
This means that plants grow throughout most of their lifetime
They are regions of growth in plants, Parenchyma cells
At the tips of shoots and roots
Determinate Growth
When an animal grows to a predetermined adult size and then s…
Indeterminate Growth
This means that plants grow throughout most of their lifetime
Biology Lab 8
Proteins
Amino Acids
Side Chain R
Changes to the active site
Polymers... Long chains of amino acids formed by peptide bonds
Basic units that make up proteins... Share an amino acid group…
Lends unique chemical properties to each amino acid
Could interfere with its ability to bind to hydrogen peroxide…
Proteins
Polymers... Long chains of amino acids formed by peptide bonds
Amino Acids
Basic units that make up proteins... Share an amino acid group…
114 terms
Biology 197 Lab 8 "Invertebrates 2"
Phylum Arthropoda
Phylum Arthropoda (characteristics)
Arthropod subphylum
Chelicerata class
- Most successful of all animals... - More than 1,000,000 specie…
- Coelomate (reproductive organs/glands)... - Protostome (mouth…
1. Chelicerata... 2. Crustacea... 3. Unirama
Arachnida: spiders, ticks, scorpions
Phylum Arthropoda
- Most successful of all animals... - More than 1,000,000 specie…
Phylum Arthropoda (characteristics)
- Coelomate (reproductive organs/glands)... - Protostome (mouth…
25 terms
Biology 112 Lab 8 review
Why must flatworms rely on diffusion t…
Do trematodes have a complete or incom…
similiarities between brachiopods and…
differences between brachiopods and bi…
they lack a digestive system ... food is absorbed directly from…
incomplete, they lack an anus
- lophophore: a specialized feeding/respiratory organ... - two b…
- lophophore present in brachiopod... - pedicle present in brach…
Why must flatworms rely on diffusion t…
they lack a digestive system ... food is absorbed directly from…
Do trematodes have a complete or incom…
incomplete, they lack an anus
44 terms
General Biology I Lab 8 - Cells
A form of glycocalyx that consists of…
Where is a capsule present?
Maintains the shape of the cell
Where is the cell wall present?
Capsule
Prokaryotic cell
Cell wall
Eukaryotic cell - plant cell
A form of glycocalyx that consists of…
Capsule
Where is a capsule present?
Prokaryotic cell
63 terms
Organismal Biology lab 8 and 9
Kingdom Animalia groups
Bilateria's groups
Phylum Porifera
metazoans
Phylum Porifera, Radiata, Bilateria
protosomes and deuterosomes, other minors
The sponges; most primitive; multicellular (cellular level of…
animals
Kingdom Animalia groups
Phylum Porifera, Radiata, Bilateria
Bilateria's groups
protosomes and deuterosomes, other minors
9 terms
Biology lab 8 Genetics
Gene
Allele
Diploid
Haploid
a unit of heredity that contributes to the characteristics or…
a variant form of a gene
refers to a cell containing 2 sets of chromosomes (2n)
refers to a cell containing 1 set of chromosomes (1n)
Gene
a unit of heredity that contributes to the characteristics or…
Allele
a variant form of a gene
39 terms
Biology Lab 8 and 9
Sponges
Radiata
Cnidaria
Hydrozoa
No symmetry (asymmetrical); no true tissures... spicules and spo…
Have true tissues... radial symmetry... have stinging cells (cnidoc…
Hydrozoa- hydroids... Scyphozoa- jellyfish... Anthozoa- sea anemone…
hydroids... usually have polyp and medusa stages... example: Hydra,…
Sponges
No symmetry (asymmetrical); no true tissures... spicules and spo…
Radiata
Have true tissues... radial symmetry... have stinging cells (cnidoc…
21 terms
General Biology Lab 8
cellular respiration
Equation for Cellular Respiration
Amount of ATP produced by Aerobic Resp…
glycolysis
a series of chemical pathways that convert the energy stored…
C6H12O6+6O2->6CO2+6H2O
32
breaks apart six-carbon chain of glucose into two pyruvate mo…
cellular respiration
a series of chemical pathways that convert the energy stored…
Equation for Cellular Respiration
C6H12O6+6O2->6CO2+6H2O
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