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Study sets matching "biology life science prentice hall diversity"

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Study sets matching "biology life science prentice hall diversity"

Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 22 - Plant Diversity
* Plants are _____ ______ that have ce…
gametophyte (22)
sporophyte (22)
* The lives of plants center on the ne…
multicellular eukaryotes... cellulose... photosynthesis
stage of the plant in which a haploid spore is created; a gam…
stage of the plant in which a diploid spore is created; a spo…
sunlight water minerals ... gas exchange
* Plants are _____ ______ that have ce…
multicellular eukaryotes... cellulose... photosynthesis
gametophyte (22)
stage of the plant in which a haploid spore is created; a gam…
32 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 2 Vocab
organism
cell
unicellular
multicellular
a living thing
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
made of a single cell
consisting of many cells
organism
a living thing
cell
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
25 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 5
Multiple Alleles
sex chromosomes
sex-linked genes
carrier
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
one of 23 pairs of chromosomes in each body cell
genes on the X or Y chromosome
person who has a recessive allele but does not have the trait
Multiple Alleles
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
sex chromosomes
one of 23 pairs of chromosomes in each body cell
11 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science: What is Life?
Organisms
Cell
Unicelluar
Multicelluar
living things
the basic unit of structure and function in an organism
single-celled organisms
Organisms that are composed of many cells that are specialize…
Organisms
living things
Cell
the basic unit of structure and function in an organism
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 22 - Plant Diversity
gametophyte (22)
sporophyte (22)
lignin (22)
bryophyte (22)
stage of the plant in which a haploid spore is created; a gam…
stage of the plant in which a diploid spore is created; a spo…
substance that makes cell walls rigid
non-vascular plant; includes liverworts, hornworts and mosses
gametophyte (22)
stage of the plant in which a haploid spore is created; a gam…
sporophyte (22)
stage of the plant in which a diploid spore is created; a spo…
52 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 22 - Plant Diversity
* Plants are _____ ______ that have ce…
gametophyte (22)
sporophyte (22)
* The lives of plants center on the ne…
multicellular eukaryotes... cellulose... photosynthesis
stage of the plant in which a haploid spore is created; a gam…
stage of the plant in which a diploid spore is created; a spo…
sunlight water minerals ... gas exchange
* Plants are _____ ______ that have ce…
multicellular eukaryotes... cellulose... photosynthesis
gametophyte (22)
stage of the plant in which a haploid spore is created; a gam…
39 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 3 Vocab
element
compound
carbohydrate
lipid
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
two or more elements that are chemically combined
energy-rich organic compound made of the elements carbon, hyd…
energy-rich organic compound, such as a fat, oil, or wax, tha…
element
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
compound
two or more elements that are chemically combined
20 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science: Cell Anatomy
organism
cell
unicellular
multicellular
a living thing
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
made of a single cell
consisting of many cells
organism
a living thing
cell
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
32 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 2 Vocab
organism
cell
unicellular
multicellular
a living thing
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
made of a single cell
consisting of many cells
organism
a living thing
cell
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
21 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 4
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
the scientific study of heredity
the joining of a sperm and an egg
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
trait
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
21 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 4
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
the scientific study of heredity
the joining of a sperm and an egg
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
trait
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
41 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 2 vocabulary
classification
microscope
cell theory
cell
the process of organism based on similarities
instrument that makes objects look larger
-all living things are composed of cells.... -cells are the basi…
basic of unit of structure of all living things
classification
the process of organism based on similarities
microscope
instrument that makes objects look larger
54 terms
Prentice Hall: Biology (exploring life)
isotope
atomic number
Ionic Bond
Ion
one of two or more atoms with the same atomic number but with…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
a chemical bond in which one atom loses an electron to form a…
An atom that has gained or lost electrons, thus acquiring a c…
isotope
one of two or more atoms with the same atomic number but with…
atomic number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
20 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 15
nutrients
calorie
carbohydrates
glucose
substances in food that provide raw materials and energy the…
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature in one g…
nutrients composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen
A sugar, the major source of energy for your cells
nutrients
substances in food that provide raw materials and energy the…
calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature in one g…
14 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 5
multiple alleles
sex chromosomes
sex-linked gene
carrier
Three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait.
A pair of chromosomes carring genes that determine whether a…
A gene that is carried on the X orY chromosome.
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
multiple alleles
Three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait.
sex chromosomes
A pair of chromosomes carring genes that determine whether a…
32 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 22 - Plant Diversity
* Plants are _____ ______ that have ce…
gametophyte (22)
sporophyte (22)
* The lives of plants center on the ne…
multicellular eukaryotes... cellulose... photosynthesis
stage of the plant in which a haploid spore is created; a gam…
stage of the plant in which a diploid spore is created; a spo…
sunlight water minerals ... gas exchange
* Plants are _____ ______ that have ce…
multicellular eukaryotes... cellulose... photosynthesis
gametophyte (22)
stage of the plant in which a haploid spore is created; a gam…
540 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Unit 2 - Diversity of Living Things (Ch 7-13)
behavior
stimulus
response
caused
All of the actions an animal performs in response to a stimul…
A signal that causes an organism to react in some way.
An organism's reaction to a stimulus.
All animal behaviors are ______________ by a stimuli.
behavior
All of the actions an animal performs in response to a stimul…
stimulus
A signal that causes an organism to react in some way.
32 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 2 Vocab
organism
cell
unicellular
multicellular
a living thing
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
made of a single cell
consisting of many cells
organism
a living thing
cell
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
36 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 3
proteins
atom
Lipids ingredients
Protein ingredients
large organic molecules that contain protein
the smallest unit of an element
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur
proteins
large organic molecules that contain protein
atom
the smallest unit of an element
Prentice Hall: Biology (exploring life)
isotope
atomic number
Ionic Bond
Ion
one of two or more atoms with the same atomic number but with…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
a chemical bond in which one atom loses an electron to form a…
An atom that has gained or lost electrons, thus acquiring a c…
isotope
one of two or more atoms with the same atomic number but with…
atomic number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
51 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 17
respiratory system
oxygen
respiration
breathing
This system moves oxygen from the outside environment into th…
_____________ is needed for energy-releasing chemical reactio…
The process in which oxygen and glucose undergo a complex ser…
The movement of air into and out of the lungs.
respiratory system
This system moves oxygen from the outside environment into th…
oxygen
_____________ is needed for energy-releasing chemical reactio…
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 17 - The History of Life
paleontologists
fossil record
extinct
relative dating
Scientists that study fossils and other clues that may help t…
Changes in individual characters can be observed over time. (…
A term that typically describes a species that no longer has…
Method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
paleontologists
Scientists that study fossils and other clues that may help t…
fossil record
Changes in individual characters can be observed over time. (…
28 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 7
virus
host
parasite
bacteriophage
a tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
the organism that a parasite or virus lives in or on
the organism that benefits by living on or in a host in a par…
a virus that infects bacteria
virus
a tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
host
the organism that a parasite or virus lives in or on
25 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science (for exams)
What are multiple alleles?
Why does height in humans have such a…
A human shape that is altered by varia…
What combination of sex chromosomes re…
Three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait.
Height is controlled by at least four genes.
height
XY
What are multiple alleles?
Three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait.
Why does height in humans have such a…
Height is controlled by at least four genes.
20 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 6
species
fossil
adaptation
evolution
a group of organisms that are physically similar and can mate…
the preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in…
a behavior or physical characteristic that allows an organism…
the gradual change in a species over time
species
a group of organisms that are physically similar and can mate…
fossil
the preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in…
20 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 1 Vocab
science
observing
quantitative observation
qualitative observation
a way of learning about the natural world and the knowledge g…
the process of using one or more of your senses to gather inf…
an observation that deals with a number or amount
an observation that deals with characteristics that cannot be…
science
a way of learning about the natural world and the knowledge g…
observing
the process of using one or more of your senses to gather inf…
24 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 9
cell
tissue
organ
adaptation
The basic unit of struture and funtion in living things.
A group of simular cells that preform the same funtion.
A structure in the body that is composed of different kinds o…
A behavior or physical charactoristics that allows an organis…
cell
The basic unit of struture and funtion in living things.
tissue
A group of simular cells that preform the same funtion.
44 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 8
cuticle
vascular tissue
zygote
nonvascular plant
one adaption that helps a plant reduce water loss is a waxy,…
a system of tubelike stuctures inside a plant through which w…
a fertilized egg
plants that lack a well-developed system of tubes for transpo…
cuticle
one adaption that helps a plant reduce water loss is a waxy,…
vascular tissue
a system of tubelike stuctures inside a plant through which w…
41 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 23
three categories of environmental issues
natural resource
renewable resources
nonrenewable resources
Resource use, population growth and pollution.
Anything in the environment that is used by people.
Natural resources that are either always available or are nat…
Natural resources that are not replaced in a useful time fram…
three categories of environmental issues
Resource use, population growth and pollution.
natural resource
Anything in the environment that is used by people.
98 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 16
cardiovascular system
cells
glucose
carbon dioxide
Also called the circulatory system, it includes the heart, bl…
Blood contains ________ that fight disease.
Blood carries ___________ your cells use to produce energy.
The cardiovascular system carries _________________ to the lu…
cardiovascular system
Also called the circulatory system, it includes the heart, bl…
cells
Blood contains ________ that fight disease.
14 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 12
bird
contour feather
down feather
crop
an endothermic vertebrate that has feathers and a four-chambe…
a large feather that helps give shape to a bird's body
a short, fluffy feather that traps heat and keeps a bird warm
a bird's internal storage pouch that allows it to store food…
bird
an endothermic vertebrate that has feathers and a four-chambe…
contour feather
a large feather that helps give shape to a bird's body
36 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 10
mollusk
gill
radula
open circulatory system
an invertebrate with a soft, unsegmented body; most are prote…
an organ that removes oxygen from water
a flexible ribbon of tiny teeth in mollusks
a circulatory system in which the heart pumps blood into open…
mollusk
an invertebrate with a soft, unsegmented body; most are prote…
gill
an organ that removes oxygen from water
108 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 8
characteristics of the plant kingdom
autotroph
eukaryote
parts of a plant cell
Nearly all are autotrophs, they are eukaryotes and their cell…
An organism that produces its own food.
A cell with a nucleus
Nucleus, chloroplasts, vacuole(s) cell membrane, cell wall
characteristics of the plant kingdom
Nearly all are autotrophs, they are eukaryotes and their cell…
autotroph
An organism that produces its own food.
51 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 21
organism
habitat
biotic factors
abiotic factors
A living thing that obtains food, water, shelter and other th…
An environment that provides the things an organism needs to…
The living parts of a habitat.
The nonliving parts of an organism's habitat including water,…
organism
A living thing that obtains food, water, shelter and other th…
habitat
An environment that provides the things an organism needs to…
92 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 7
virus
the only way viruses are like cells
host
parasite
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then multiplies i…
They can multiply
A living thing that provides a source of energy for a virus o…
Organisms that live on or in a host and cause it harm.
virus
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then multiplies i…
the only way viruses are like cells
They can multiply
98 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 14
cells, tissues, organs and organ systems
cell
cell membrane
100 trillion
The levels of organization in the human body include...
The basic unit of structure and function in a living thing. T…
The outside cell boundary that controls which substances can…
Approximate number of cells in the human body.
cells, tissues, organs and organ systems
The levels of organization in the human body include...
cell
The basic unit of structure and function in a living thing. T…
34 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 3
proteins
atom
Lipids ingredients
Protein ingredients
large organic molecules that contain protein
the smallest unit of an element
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur
proteins
large organic molecules that contain protein
atom
the smallest unit of an element
53 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 22
The energy roles an organism may fill…
producer
consumer
herbivore
Producer, consumer or decomposer.
An organism that makes its own food - these are ultimately th…
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms.
A consumers that eats only plants. Examples are caterpillars…
The energy roles an organism may fill…
Producer, consumer or decomposer.
producer
An organism that makes its own food - these are ultimately th…
30 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Exploring Life Chapter 5
Organic Molecule... A molecule with car…
Organic Molecule
Inorganic Molecule
Hydrocarbon
...
A molecule with carbon.
An atom not containing carbon.
Organic molecules comprised of only carbon and hydrogen.
Organic Molecule... A molecule with car…
...
Organic Molecule
A molecule with carbon.
52 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 22 - Plant Diversity
* Plants are _____ ______ that have ce…
gametophyte (22)
sporophyte (22)
* The lives of plants center on the ne…
multicellular eukaryotes... cellulose... photosynthesis
stage of the plant in which a haploid spore is created; a gam…
stage of the plant in which a diploid spore is created; a spo…
sunlight water minerals ... gas exchange
* Plants are _____ ______ that have ce…
multicellular eukaryotes... cellulose... photosynthesis
gametophyte (22)
stage of the plant in which a haploid spore is created; a gam…
30 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Exploring Life Chapters 4
Matter
Element
Trace Element
Atom
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
Elements that make up less than .01% of the human body.
The smallest possible part of an element.
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
Element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
41 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 2 vocabulary
classification
microscope
cell theory
cell
the process of organism based on similarities
instrument that makes objects look larger
-all living things are composed of cells.... -cells are the basi…
basic of unit of structure of all living things
classification
the process of organism based on similarities
microscope
instrument that makes objects look larger
14 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 5
multiple alleles
sex chromosomes
sex-linked gene
carrier
Three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait.
A pair of chromosomes carring genes that determine whether a…
A gene that is carried on the X orY chromosome.
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
multiple alleles
Three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait.
sex chromosomes
A pair of chromosomes carring genes that determine whether a…
59 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 20
endocrine system
endocrine glands
hormone
nerve impulses from the brain
This system produces chemicals that control many of the body'…
These glands produce and release their chemical products dire…
The chemical product of an endocrine gland. These turn on, tu…
Often, ___________________________ cause the release of hormo…
endocrine system
This system produces chemicals that control many of the body'…
endocrine glands
These glands produce and release their chemical products dire…
64 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 9
barnacle
cell
tissue
organ
Looks like a rock, but is actually an animal. It begins life…
The basic unit of structure and function in living things.
A group of similar cells that perform a specific function.
A group of several different tissues.
barnacle
Looks like a rock, but is actually an animal. It begins life…
cell
The basic unit of structure and function in living things.
59 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 12
birds
Archaeopteryx
contour feathers
flight feathers
An endothermic vertebrate that has feather and a four-chamber…
Means "ancient winged thing". It looked like a reptile with f…
Long feathers that give shape to a bird's body.
Long contour feathers that extend beyond the body on the wing…
birds
An endothermic vertebrate that has feather and a four-chamber…
Archaeopteryx
Means "ancient winged thing". It looked like a reptile with f…
21 terms
The Science of Biology (Biology prentice hall)
Atom
Molecule
Organelle
Cell
The smallest part of an element or compound made up of neutro…
Atoms form bonds w/ one another to form these eg: DNA, H20, C02
Parts of a cell such as the nucleus & ER
The smallest level at which life exists
Atom
The smallest part of an element or compound made up of neutro…
Molecule
Atoms form bonds w/ one another to form these eg: DNA, H20, C02
16 terms
Prentice Hall: Biology- Chapter 1* The science of Biology
Hypothesis
Data
Inference
Science
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
The information gathered from observations ( or evidence)
Logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience.
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
Hypothesis
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
Data
The information gathered from observations ( or evidence)
11 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science: What is Life?
Organisms
Cell
Unicelluar
Multicelluar
living things
the basic unit of structure and function in an organism
single-celled organisms
Organisms that are composed of many cells that are specialize…
Organisms
living things
Cell
the basic unit of structure and function in an organism
66 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapters 1 and 2
observing
quantitative observations
qualitative observations
inferring
using one or more of your senses to gather information
Observations that deal with a number or amount
observations that deal with descriptions that cannot be expre…
when you explain or interpret the things you observe
observing
using one or more of your senses to gather information
quantitative observations
Observations that deal with a number or amount
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