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Study sets matching "biology mader sylvia chapter 6"

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Study sets matching "biology mader sylvia chapter 6"

31 terms
Human Biology by Sylvia Mader: Chapter One
Atoms are joined to
Molecules & _______ make up a cell
Cell
Tissue
molecules
atoms
the smallest structural and functional unit of all organisms
A group of similar cells that perform a particular function.
Atoms are joined to
molecules
Molecules & _______ make up a cell
atoms
56 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 6
stomata
ferrodoxin
photolysis
p680
small openings in the leaves that allow things like CO2 through
soluble protein that facilitates reduction of NADP+... to NADPH
decomposition or separation of molecules by the action of lig…
photosystem II primary donor (precedes photosystem 1 in the l…
stomata
small openings in the leaves that allow things like CO2 through
ferrodoxin
soluble protein that facilitates reduction of NADP+... to NADPH
58 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 6
stomata
ferrodoxin
photolysis
p680
small openings in the leaves that allow things like CO2 through
soluble protein that facilitates reduction of NADP+... to NADPH
decomposition or separation of molecules by the action of lig…
photosystem II primary donor (precedes photosystem 1 in the l…
stomata
small openings in the leaves that allow things like CO2 through
ferrodoxin
soluble protein that facilitates reduction of NADP+... to NADPH
69 terms
Chapter 3 biology Sylvia Mader 11th edition
Organic organism
Carbohydrate
Protiens
Lipids
Must contain Carbon molecules
Sugars Gives energy or... Gives plants structure... Immediate energ…
Most diverse group... Catalyst to hormones... Helps with lots of fu…
Fats and oils... Almost all are... Hydrophobic (hates water)
Organic organism
Must contain Carbon molecules
Carbohydrate
Sugars Gives energy or... Gives plants structure... Immediate energ…
126 terms
Biology Sylvia S. Mader Chapter 4, 5, 6
_______ are to ribosome as lipids are…
All cell have a cell wall the regulate…
ATP is considered to be
A 10% glucose solution is placed in th…
Answer: proteins; smooth endoplasmic reticulum.
Answer: False
Answer: a molecule that carries a great deal of chemical ener…
Answer: in the 5% solution.
_______ are to ribosome as lipids are…
Answer: proteins; smooth endoplasmic reticulum.
All cell have a cell wall the regulate…
Answer: False
69 terms
Biology Sylvia Mader 11th edition chapter 1
Adaptation
Animal features
Binomial nomenclature
Biodiversity
Species modification in structure, function, or behavior make…
Multicellular, eukaryote undergoes dvlpmnt to achieve final f…
Scientific name of an organism, the first part designates the…
Total number of species, variability of their genes, & commun…
Adaptation
Species modification in structure, function, or behavior make…
Animal features
Multicellular, eukaryote undergoes dvlpmnt to achieve final f…
42 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11, Chapter 5
Active Transport
Adhesion Junction
Aquaporin
Bulk Transport
Use of plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule or…
Junction between cells in which the adjacent plasma membranes…
Channel protein through which water an diffuse across a membr…
Movement of substances, usually large particles, across the p…
Active Transport
Use of plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule or…
Adhesion Junction
Junction between cells in which the adjacent plasma membranes…
41 terms
Biology Sylvia Mader 11th edition chapter 2
Matter
Elements
Atoms
Protons
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Substance that can't be broken down into simpler substances i…
Smallest particle of an element that retains its elemental pr…
Positive particle located in the nucleus determines the struc…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Elements
Substance that can't be broken down into simpler substances i…
69 terms
Chapter 3 biology Sylvia Mader 11th edition
Organic organism
Carbohydrate
Protiens
Lipids
Must contain Carbon molecules
Sugars Gives energy or... Gives plants structure... Immediate energ…
Most diverse group... Catalyst to hormones... Helps with lots of fu…
Fats and oils... Almost all are... Hydrophobic (hates water)
Organic organism
Must contain Carbon molecules
Carbohydrate
Sugars Gives energy or... Gives plants structure... Immediate energ…
73 terms
Biology Sylvia Mader 11th edition Chapter 4
Robert Hooke 1665
Robert Hooke 1665
Compound Microscope
Schwann 1800s
Helped develope 1st compound microscope
Named cells when he looked at cork under compound microscope.…
Used two lenses for greater magnification (much more detail w…
Had hypothesis that cells had to come from preexisting cells.…
Robert Hooke 1665
Helped develope 1st compound microscope
Robert Hooke 1665
Named cells when he looked at cork under compound microscope.…
28 terms
Human Biology by Sylvia Mader: Chapter One
Atoms are joined to
Molecules & _______ make up a cell
Cell
Tissue
molecules
atoms
the smallest structural and functional unit of all organisms
A group of similar cells that perform a particular function.
Atoms are joined to
molecules
Molecules & _______ make up a cell
atoms
41 terms
Biology Sylvia Mader 11th edition chapter 2
Matter
Elements
Atoms
Protons
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Substance that can't be broken down into simpler substances i…
Smallest particle of an element that retains its elemental pr…
Positive particle located in the nucleus determines the struc…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Elements
Substance that can't be broken down into simpler substances i…
73 terms
Biology Sylvia Mader 11th edition Chapter 4
Robert Hooke 1665
Robert Hooke 1665
Compound Microscope
Schwann 1800s
Helped develope 1st compound microscope
Named cells when he looked at cork under compound microscope.…
Used two lenses for greater magnification (much more detail w…
Had hypothesis that cells had to come from preexisting cells.…
Robert Hooke 1665
Helped develope 1st compound microscope
Robert Hooke 1665
Named cells when he looked at cork under compound microscope.…
65 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11, Chapter 4
Actin Filament
Archaeans (Archaea)
Bacillus
Basal Body
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea
A rod-shaped bacterium; also a genus of bacteria
A cytoplasmic structure that is located at the base of--and m…
Actin Filament
Component of the cytoskeleton; plays a role in the movement o…
Archaeans (Archaea)
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea
41 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11, Chapter 19
Analogous, Analogous Strucutre
Analogy
Ancestral
Binomial Nomenclature
Structure that has a similar function in separate lineages bu…
Similarity of function but not of origin
Traits that are found in a common ancestor and its descendants
Scientific name of an organism, the first part of which desig…
Analogous, Analogous Strucutre
Structure that has a similar function in separate lineages bu…
Analogy
Similarity of function but not of origin
43 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11, Chapter 20
Archeans (Archaea)
Bacterium (pl., Bacteria)
Bacteriphage
Binary Fission
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea
Member of the domain Bacteria
Virus that infects bacteria
Splitting of a parent cell into two daughter cells; serves as…
Archeans (Archaea)
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea
Bacterium (pl., Bacteria)
Member of the domain Bacteria
69 terms
Chapter 3 biology Sylvia Mader 11th edition
Organic organism
Carbohydrate
Protiens
Lipids
Must contain Carbon molecules
Sugars Gives energy or... Gives plants structure... Immediate energ…
Most diverse group... Catalyst to hormones... Helps with lots of fu…
Fats and oils... Almost all are... Hydrophobic (hates water)
Organic organism
Must contain Carbon molecules
Carbohydrate
Sugars Gives energy or... Gives plants structure... Immediate energ…
Biology Sylvia Mader 11th edition chapter 2
Matter
Elements
Atoms
Protons
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Substance that can't be broken down into simpler substances i…
Smallest particle of an element that retains its elemental pr…
Positive particle located in the nucleus determines the struc…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Elements
Substance that can't be broken down into simpler substances i…
69 terms
Chapter 3 biology Sylvia Mader 11th edition
Organic organism
Carbohydrate
Protiens
Lipids
Must contain Carbon molecules
Sugars Gives energy or... Gives plants structure... Immediate energ…
Most diverse group... Catalyst to hormones... Helps with lots of fu…
Fats and oils... Almost all are... Hydrophobic (hates water)
Organic organism
Must contain Carbon molecules
Carbohydrate
Sugars Gives energy or... Gives plants structure... Immediate energ…
56 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11, Chapter 3
ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate)
Amino Acid
ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate)
Biomolecule
Nucleotide with two phosphate groups that can accept another…
Organic molecule composed of an amino group and an acid group…
Nucleotide with three phosphate groups. The breakdown of this…
Organic molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydra…
ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate)
Nucleotide with two phosphate groups that can accept another…
Amino Acid
Organic molecule composed of an amino group and an acid group…
69 terms
Biology Sylvia Mader 11th edition chapter 1
Adaptation
Animal
Binomial nomenclature
Biodiversity
Species modification in structure, function, or behavior make…
Multicellular, eukaryote that undergoes dvlpmnt to achieve fi…
Scientific name of an organism, the first part designates the…
Total number of species, variability of their genes, & commun…
Adaptation
Species modification in structure, function, or behavior make…
Animal
Multicellular, eukaryote that undergoes dvlpmnt to achieve fi…
69 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11, Chapter 23
Alternation of Generations
Angiosperm
Antheridium (pl., antheridia)
Apical
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporph…
Flowering land plant; the seeds are borne within a fruit
Sperm-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle
Directional term that refers to the tip of a filament or bran…
Alternation of Generations
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporph…
Angiosperm
Flowering land plant; the seeds are borne within a fruit
28 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11, Chapter 22
AM Fungi (Glomeromycota)
Ascus
Basidium
Budding
Fungi with branching invaginations (arbuscular mycorrhizae or…
Finger-like sac in which nuclear fusion, meiosis, and ascospo…
Club-like structure in which nuclear fusion, meiosis, and bas…
Asexual form of reproduction whereby a new organism develops…
AM Fungi (Glomeromycota)
Fungi with branching invaginations (arbuscular mycorrhizae or…
Ascus
Finger-like sac in which nuclear fusion, meiosis, and ascospo…
20 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11 Chapter 47
Biodiversity
Biodiversity Hotspot
Bioinformatics
Climate Change
Total number of species, the variability of their genes, and…
Region of the world that contains unusually large concentrati…
Area of scientific study that utilizes computer technologies…
Recent changes in the Earth's climate; evidence suggests that…
Biodiversity
Total number of species, the variability of their genes, and…
Biodiversity Hotspot
Region of the world that contains unusually large concentrati…
33 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11 Chapter 44
Age Structure Diagram
Biosphere
Biotic Potential
Carrying Capacity (K)
In demographics, a display of the age groups of a population;…
Zone of air, land, and water at the surface of the Earth in w…
Maximum population growth rate under ideal conditions
Largest number of organisms of a particular species that can…
Age Structure Diagram
In demographics, a display of the age groups of a population;…
Biosphere
Zone of air, land, and water at the surface of the Earth in w…
28 terms
Human Biology by Sylvia Mader: Chapter One
Atoms are joined to
Molecules & _______ make up a cell
Cell
Tissue
molecules
atoms
the smallest structural and functional unit of all organisms
A group of similar cells that perform a particular function.
Atoms are joined to
molecules
Molecules & _______ make up a cell
atoms
18 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11 Chapter 15
Adaptation
Analogous, Analogous Structure
Artificial Selection
Biogeography
Species's modification in structure, function, or behavior th…
Structure that has a similar function in separate lineages bu…
Intentional breeding of certain traits, or combinations of tr…
Study of the geographical distribution of organisms
Adaptation
Species's modification in structure, function, or behavior th…
Analogous, Analogous Structure
Structure that has a similar function in separate lineages bu…
26 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11, Chapter 16
Allele Frequency
Assortative Mating
Bottleneck Effect
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Relative proportion of each allele for a gene in the gene poo…
Mating of individuals with similar phenotypes
Type of genetic drift; occurs when a majority of genotypes ar…
A weighing-out of the costs and benefits (in terms of contrib…
Allele Frequency
Relative proportion of each allele for a gene in the gene poo…
Assortative Mating
Mating of individuals with similar phenotypes
37 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11, Chapter 2
Acid
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
Molecules tending to raise the hydrogen ion concentration in…
Smallest particle of an element that displays the properties…
Average of atom mass units for all the isotopes of an atom
Number of protons within the nucleus of an atom
Acid
Molecules tending to raise the hydrogen ion concentration in…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that displays the properties…
27 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11, Chapter 17
Adaptive Radiation
Allopatric Speciation
Alloploidy
Autoploidy
Rapid evolution of several species from a common ancestor int…
Model that proposes that new species arise due to an interrup…
Polyploid organism that contains the genomes of two or more d…
Polyploid Organism with multiple chromosome sets all from the…
Adaptive Radiation
Rapid evolution of several species from a common ancestor int…
Allopatric Speciation
Model that proposes that new species arise due to an interrup…
35 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11, Chapter 18
Abiogenesis
Abiotic Synthesis
Absolute Dating (of fossils)
Biomolecule
Origin of life from nonliving matter, such as occurred on the…
Process of chemical evolution that resulted in the formation…
Determining the age of a fossil by direct measurement, usuall…
Organic molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydra…
Abiogenesis
Origin of life from nonliving matter, such as occurred on the…
Abiotic Synthesis
Process of chemical evolution that resulted in the formation…
69 terms
Chapter 3 biology Sylvia Mader 11th edition
Organic organism
Carbohydrate
Protiens
Lipids
Must contain Carbon molecules
Sugars Gives energy or... Gives plants structure... Immediate energ…
Most diverse group... Catalyst to hormones... Helps with lots of fu…
Fats and oils... Almost all are... Hydrophobic (hates water)
Organic organism
Must contain Carbon molecules
Carbohydrate
Sugars Gives energy or... Gives plants structure... Immediate energ…
17 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11, Chapter 1
Biodiversity
Biology
Control
Data (sing., datum)
Total number of species, the variability of their genes, and…
The branch of science that is concerned with the study of lif…
Sample that goes through all the steps of an experiment but d…
Facts or information collected through observation and/or exp…
Biodiversity
Total number of species, the variability of their genes, and…
Biology
The branch of science that is concerned with the study of lif…
50 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11, Chapter 21
Accessory Pigment
Aleolates
Amoeboid
Amoebozoan
Proteins that assist in the photosynthetic process by transfe…
A group of protists that includes unicellular dinoflagellates…
Cell that moves and engulfs debris with psedopods
Supergroup of eukaryotes that includes amoebas and slime mold…
Accessory Pigment
Proteins that assist in the photosynthetic process by transfe…
Aleolates
A group of protists that includes unicellular dinoflagellates…
51 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11 Chapter 45
Acid Deposition
Autotroph
Biogeochemical Cycle
Biomass
The return to Earth in rain or snow of sulfate or nitrate sal…
Organism that can capture energy and synthesize organic molec…
Circulating pathway of elements such as carbon and nitrogen i…
The number of organisms multiplied by their weight
Acid Deposition
The return to Earth in rain or snow of sulfate or nitrate sal…
Autotroph
Organism that can capture energy and synthesize organic molec…
30 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11 Chapter 43
Attruism
Associative Learning
Auditory Communication
Behavior
Social interaction that has the potential to decrease the lif…
Acquired ability to associate two stimuli or between a stimul…
Sound that an animal makes for the purpose of sending a messa…
Observable, coordinated responses to environmental stimuli
Attruism
Social interaction that has the potential to decrease the lif…
Associative Learning
Acquired ability to associate two stimuli or between a stimul…
69 terms
Biology Sylvia Mader 11th edition chapter 1
Adaptation
Animal
Binomial nomenclature
Biodiversity
Species modification in structure, function, or behavior make…
Multicellular, eukaryote that undergoes dvlpmnt to achieve fi…
Scientific name of an organism, the first part designates the…
Total number of species, variability of their genes, & commun…
Adaptation
Species modification in structure, function, or behavior make…
Animal
Multicellular, eukaryote that undergoes dvlpmnt to achieve fi…
43 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11, Chapter 20
Archeans (Archaea)
Bacterium (pl., Bacteria)
Bacteriphage
Binary Fission
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea
Member of the domain Bacteria
Virus that infects bacteria
Splitting of a parent cell into two daughter cells; serves as…
Archeans (Archaea)
Prokaryotic organisms that are members of the domain Archaea
Bacterium (pl., Bacteria)
Member of the domain Bacteria
28 terms
Human Biology by Sylvia Mader: Chapter One
Atoms are joined to
Molecules & _______ make up a cell
Cell
Tissue
molecules
atoms
the smallest structural and functional unit of all organisms
A group of similar cells that perform a particular function.
Atoms are joined to
molecules
Molecules & _______ make up a cell
atoms
145 terms
Biology Mader Chapter 6
Functions of Blood
Transport
Defense
Regulation
Transport, Defense, Regulation
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
fight infections and perform regulatory functions
maintain blood pressure, regulate body temperature, keeps pH…
Functions of Blood
Transport, Defense, Regulation
Transport
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
42 terms
AP Biology, Sylvia Mader, 11, Chapter 5
Active Transport
Adhesion Junction
Aquaporin
Bulk Transport
Use of plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule or…
Junction between cells in which the adjacent plasma membranes…
Channel protein through which water an diffuse across a membr…
Movement of substances, usually large particles, across the p…
Active Transport
Use of plasma membrane carrier protein to move a molecule or…
Adhesion Junction
Junction between cells in which the adjacent plasma membranes…
145 terms
Biology Mader Chapter 6
Functions of Blood
Transport
Defense
Regulation
Transport, Defense, Regulation
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
fight infections and perform regulatory functions
maintain blood pressure, regulate body temperature, keeps pH…
Functions of Blood
Transport, Defense, Regulation
Transport
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
22 terms
Mader Biology Chapter 6
Energy
First law of thermodynamics
The law of conservation of energy
The second law of thermodynamics
The ability to do work or bring about change
The law of conservation of energy -- energy cannot be created…
The first law of thermodynamics
Energy cannot be changed from one form to another without a l…
Energy
The ability to do work or bring about change
First law of thermodynamics
The law of conservation of energy -- energy cannot be created…
145 terms
Biology Mader Chapter 6
Functions of Blood
Transport
Defense
Regulation
Transport, Defense, Regulation
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
fight infections and perform regulatory functions
maintain blood pressure, regulate body temperature, keeps pH…
Functions of Blood
Transport, Defense, Regulation
Transport
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
145 terms
Biology Mader Chapter 6
Functions of Blood
Transport
Defense
Regulation
Transport, Defense, Regulation
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
fight infections and perform regulatory functions
maintain blood pressure, regulate body temperature, keeps pH…
Functions of Blood
Transport, Defense, Regulation
Transport
transport hormones, oxygen and nutrients to cells... transport c…
30 terms
Biology: Sylvia s. Mader 11th ed. Chapter 3
ADP
Amino acid
ATP
Biomolecule
Adenosine diphosphate - nucleotide with two phosphate groups…
organic molecule composed of an amino group and acid group; c…
adenosine triphosphate - nucleotide with three phosphate grou…
Organic molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydra…
ADP
Adenosine diphosphate - nucleotide with two phosphate groups…
Amino acid
organic molecule composed of an amino group and acid group; c…
48 terms
Biology: Sylvia s. Mader 11th ed. Chapter 1
Theme: biological systems
Theme: nature of science
Theme: evolution
Levels of biological organization from…
From communities of organisms to individual cells, all life i…
Scientists make observations, form hypotheses, and conduct ex…
The study of biology is based on thr principles of evolutiona…
Atom>molecule>cell>tissue>organ>organ system>organism>populat…
Theme: biological systems
From communities of organisms to individual cells, all life i…
Theme: nature of science
Scientists make observations, form hypotheses, and conduct ex…
42 terms
Biology Sylvia Mader 11th edition chapter 2 study guide
Covalent bonds
Electronegativity
Nonpolar covalent bond
Polar covalent bond
Bonds formed by atoms sharing electrons
The ability of an atom to ATTRACT shared electrons
When the sharing of electrons between 2 atoms is equal
When the sharing of electeons between 2 atoms is NOT EQUAL
Covalent bonds
Bonds formed by atoms sharing electrons
Electronegativity
The ability of an atom to ATTRACT shared electrons
23 terms
Biology sylvia s. Mader 11th ed. Chapter 2
Acid
Atom
Atomic mass
Atomic symbol
Molecules that tend to raise hydrogen ion concentration in a…
Smallest particle of an element that displays the properties…
Avg of atom mass units for all the isotopes of an atom
One or two letter that represent the name of an element
Acid
Molecules that tend to raise hydrogen ion concentration in a…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that displays the properties…
27 terms
Chapter 3 Human Bio - Sylvia Mader
Carbohydrates
Simple carbohydrates
Complex carbohydrates
Plants store glucose as _______.
short term energy storage molecules
monosaccharides and disaccharides
polysaccharides (starch, glycogen, and cellulose [fiber])
starch
Carbohydrates
short term energy storage molecules
Simple carbohydrates
monosaccharides and disaccharides
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