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Study sets matching "biology mitosis cells"

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Study sets matching "biology mitosis cells"

19 terms
BIology: Cell Cycle (Mitosis)
cell cycle
Three parts of the cell theory
interphase
G1 Phase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
1. All organisms are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the basi…
Phase of the cell cycle in which DNA is replicated. It is the…
growth : stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs…
cell cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Three parts of the cell theory
1. All organisms are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the basi…
32 terms
Biology: Cells and Cell Division (Mitosis)
Cell Theory
Cell Organelles
Tissue
Organs
1. Cells are the basic building blocks of living things.... 2. A…
Small collection of molecules, or little organs, that perform…
Many cells combine to make this structure. Ex. osteocytes mak…
Tissues that perform a specific function. Ex. Muscle tissue m…
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the basic building blocks of living things.... 2. A…
Cell Organelles
Small collection of molecules, or little organs, that perform…
31 terms
Cell Mitosis - Zimm biology
Why must a cell remain a small size?
Chromosomes
Chromatin
What happens to chromatin before mitos…
Allows for quick diffusion, small cells require only a single…
Carriers of genertic material
Strands of DNA, long and stringy to replicate and produce RNA
Chromatin coils shorten and thicken, forming distinct chromos…
Why must a cell remain a small size?
Allows for quick diffusion, small cells require only a single…
Chromosomes
Carriers of genertic material
16 terms
Mitosis and Cell Division BIOLOGY
anaphase
telophase
metaphase
prophase
In mitosis, the stage when the newly separated chromatids are…
Final phase of mitosis. Two new nuclear envelopes form
The phase of mitosis where the chromosomes line up at the equ…
The phase of mitosis where the chromosomes become visible as…
anaphase
In mitosis, the stage when the newly separated chromatids are…
telophase
Final phase of mitosis. Two new nuclear envelopes form
15 terms
Biology - Cell Cycle Mitosis
Why Cells Divide
Genetic Material (genes) and their loc…
Homologous Chromosomes... -Diploid number…
The Cell Cycle... -What does it do?
Organisms would only exist as single cells.... Old and damaged…
Genes are the basic unit of inheritance, and are responsible…
The number of chromosomes in somatic* cells is called the dip…
1. Growth... 2. Repair... 3. Asexual reproduction
Why Cells Divide
Organisms would only exist as single cells.... Old and damaged…
Genetic Material (genes) and their loc…
Genes are the basic unit of inheritance, and are responsible…
30 terms
Biology the Cell Cycle (Mitosis)
Cell Cycle
Interphase
G1
S
A series of events the cell goes through as it grows and divi…
Cells spend most time in this phase ... This is the time between…
step of interphase where growth and routine functions occur
step of interphase where DNA replication occurs
Cell Cycle
A series of events the cell goes through as it grows and divi…
Interphase
Cells spend most time in this phase ... This is the time between…
30 terms
biology cell cycle/ mitosis
why must a cell divide, rather than gr…
as a cell grows, the cell's _____ ____…
what might a cell want to do to increa…
the relationship between surface area…
1. Demands on DNA... one DNA can only handle so much... DNA can onl…
surface area, volume
divide into 2
divide instead of continue to grow
why must a cell divide, rather than gr…
1. Demands on DNA... one DNA can only handle so much... DNA can onl…
as a cell grows, the cell's _____ ____…
surface area, volume
27 terms
Biology Mitosis and the Cell Cycle
Somatic
How many chromosomes to Somatic cells…
Gametes
How many chromosomes do Sex Cells have?
Body Cells
46
Sex Cells
23
Somatic
Body Cells
How many chromosomes to Somatic cells…
46
16 terms
Biology Mitosis cell cycles
Somatic Cells
Cell cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
All the Cells in the body except the sex cells (gametes); the…
The process that somatic cells go through in order to grow an…
The longest part of a cell cycle when the cells grows and dev…
The part of the cell cycle when the nucleus divides
Somatic Cells
All the Cells in the body except the sex cells (gametes); the…
Cell cycle
The process that somatic cells go through in order to grow an…
20 terms
Biology Mitosis + Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle
Interphase
G1 Phase
S Phase
How cells grow, prepare for division, and divide into 2 daugh…
First stage of the cell cycle, the growth stage, made of 3 pa…
Cell growth, new organelles, and synthesis of proteins
Chromosomes are replicated
Cell Cycle
How cells grow, prepare for division, and divide into 2 daugh…
Interphase
First stage of the cell cycle, the growth stage, made of 3 pa…
17 terms
Bio 20 Cell Biology and Mitosis
Active transport
Osmosis
Cytosol
Phagocytosis
movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a region of…
pontaneous net movement of solvent molecules through a semi-p…
the aqueous component of the cytoplasm of a cell, within whic…
process by which a cell—often a phagocyte or a protist—engulf…
Active transport
movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a region of…
Osmosis
pontaneous net movement of solvent molecules through a semi-p…
40 terms
biology cell cycle/ mitosis
why must a cell divide, rather than gr…
as a cell grows, the cell's _____ ____…
what might a cell want to do to increa…
the relationship between surface area…
1. Demands on DNA... one DNA can only handle so much... DNA can onl…
surface area, volume
divide into 2
divide instead of continue to grow
why must a cell divide, rather than gr…
1. Demands on DNA... one DNA can only handle so much... DNA can onl…
as a cell grows, the cell's _____ ____…
surface area, volume
Biology: Cell Cycle and Mitosis
Centrioles
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Move to the poles of the cell and create the mitotic spindle
When the cell divides into two independent daughter cells
The cell grows in size and doubles its content by copying its…
First stage of mitosis and lasts the longest. Marked by the a…
Centrioles
Move to the poles of the cell and create the mitotic spindle
Mitosis
When the cell divides into two independent daughter cells
16 terms
Biology Cell Cycle and Mitosis
membrane - importance
3 reasons why our body needs new cells:
cell cycle
3 stages of cell cycle
- important because it has to send / transport signals (relie…
1. to grow (you must multiply total # of cells)... 2. every time…
- process of growing and dividing
INTERPHASE - most of cycle... METAPHASE - where chromosomes divi…
membrane - importance
- important because it has to send / transport signals (relie…
3 reasons why our body needs new cells:
1. to grow (you must multiply total # of cells)... 2. every time…
13 terms
Biology Cell Cycle and Mitosis
Interphase
Interphase: G1
Interphase: S
Interphase: G2
reflecting that interphase takes place between one mitotic (M…
the cell grows physically larger, copies organelles, and make…
the cell synthesizes a complete copy of the DNA in its nucleu…
the cell grows more, makes proteins and organelles, and begin…
Interphase
reflecting that interphase takes place between one mitotic (M…
Interphase: G1
the cell grows physically larger, copies organelles, and make…
24 terms
biology Cell Division & Mitosis
cell cycle (vocabulary 1)
interphase (vocabulary 2)
replication (vocabulary 3)
mitosis (vocabulary 4)
The regular sequence of growth and division that cells un…
The first stage of the cell cycle that takes place before
The process by which a cell makes a copy of the DNA in…
The stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus…
cell cycle (vocabulary 1)
The regular sequence of growth and division that cells un…
interphase (vocabulary 2)
The first stage of the cell cycle that takes place before
28 terms
Biology: Cell Cycle and Mitosis
diploid
genome
centromere
chromosome
2n, cell with 2 sets of chromosomes
cell's DNA (its genetic info)
where two sister chromatids meet
DNA molecule with associated proteins
diploid
2n, cell with 2 sets of chromosomes
genome
cell's DNA (its genetic info)
36 terms
Cell Cycle (Mitosis) AP Biology
What are the five stages of mitosis?
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
Metaphase-The third stage of mitosis,…
Anaphase-the fourth stage of mitosis,…
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
What phase is pictured? Describe it.
What phase of mitosis is pictured? Describe it.
What are the five stages of mitosis?
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
15 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Cell Division
Reason 1 why a cell needs to divide
Reason 2 why a cell needs to divide
SA:V
G1
to replace dead cells in cytokinesis
to replicate DNA in S phase
area increases, volume decreases
cell acts normally
Reason 1 why a cell needs to divide
to replace dead cells in cytokinesis
Reason 2 why a cell needs to divide
to replicate DNA in S phase
32 terms
Biology Cell Cycle Mitosis
The nucleolus begins to disintegrate
Chromatids separate at the beginning o…
The chromosomes move toward the center…
A chromatid from each pair is attracte…
prophase
anaphase
metaphase
anaphase
The nucleolus begins to disintegrate
prophase
Chromatids separate at the beginning o…
anaphase
37 terms
Cell Cycle (Mitosis) AP Biology
What are the five stages of mitosis?
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
Metaphase-The third stage of mitosis,…
Anaphase-the fourth stage of mitosis,…
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
What phase is pictured? Describe it.
What phase of mitosis is pictured? Describe it.
What are the five stages of mitosis?
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
Prophase-the first stage of mitosis, i…
What phase is pictured? Describe what happens.
20 terms
Biology Mitosis and cell division
PMAT
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
the order of the stages of mitosis
The first stage of mitosis. Chromatin condense (supercoil) in…
is a stage of mitosis in the eukaryotic cell cycle in which c…
is the stage of mitosis when chromosomes are split and the si…
PMAT
the order of the stages of mitosis
Prophase
The first stage of mitosis. Chromatin condense (supercoil) in…
15 terms
Biology Mitosis & Cell Cycle
what does the cell cycle apply to?
NAME THIS PHASE:... - nuclear envelope is…
describe what happens in interphase.
NAME THIS PHASE:... - first phase of mito…
eukaryotes
interphase
the nuclear envelope is intact, DNA is in the form of chromat…
prophase
what does the cell cycle apply to?
eukaryotes
NAME THIS PHASE:... - nuclear envelope is…
interphase
15 terms
Biology Mitosis & Cell Cycle
what does the cell cycle apply to?
NAME THIS PHASE:... - nuclear envelope is…
describe what happens in interphase.
NAME THIS PHASE:... - first phase of mito…
eukaryotes
interphase
the nuclear envelope is intact, DNA is in the form of chromat…
prophase
what does the cell cycle apply to?
eukaryotes
NAME THIS PHASE:... - nuclear envelope is…
interphase
35 terms
Biology: Cell Cycle and Mitosis
Binary Fission
Mitosis
What allows DNA to fit inside a prokar…
How long would the DNA from 1 human ce…
asexual reproduction in prokaryotes (bacteria)
-is the exact duplication of an cell's entire genome... -mechan…
DNA is coiled and condensed by proteins (histones)
2 meters, 250,000 times the length of the average human cell
Binary Fission
asexual reproduction in prokaryotes (bacteria)
Mitosis
-is the exact duplication of an cell's entire genome... -mechan…
40 terms
Cell Division - mitosis - Biology
chromosome
DNA gene
unreplicated
replicated
a piece of DNA [a structure containing the genetic informatio…
_____ - encodes the cell's hereditary information, or genetic…
__________ chromosome - consists of a single piece of DNA [DN…
_________ chromosome - consists of (sister chromatids) two co…
chromosome
a piece of DNA [a structure containing the genetic informatio…
DNA gene
_____ - encodes the cell's hereditary information, or genetic…
Biology (Cell Division - Mitosis)
what is mitosis
How do chromosomes condense
Chromosomes versus chromotids
What is the cell cycle
Division of the nucleus into two identical daughter cells
BY super coiling during mitosis
A double stranded chromosome is made up of two sister chromat…
The cell cycle is the life or cycle that a c ell goes through…
what is mitosis
Division of the nucleus into two identical daughter cells
How do chromosomes condense
BY super coiling during mitosis
31 terms
Cell division/mitosis/biology
Chrom
A
Some
Cancer
Color
Not
Body
A group of severe and sometimes fatal diseases that are cause…
Chrom
Color
A
Not
10 terms
Biology - Cell Cycle (mitosis)
Cell cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Chromosome
Life of a cell from birth to death
Part of the cell cycle where normal cell functions are carrie…
Part of the cycle where the cell divides; one cell become two…
Holds thousands of genes, made of two chromatids held by one…
Cell cycle
Life of a cell from birth to death
Interphase
Part of the cell cycle where normal cell functions are carrie…
12 terms
Biology mitosis and cell cycle
Mitosis
Stages of mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Division of a cell which results in 2 daughter cells having t…
-prophase ... -metaphase... -anaphase ... -telophase
-Chromosomes start to become visible as long thin threads. ... -…
-Chromosomes are made up of two chromatids... -the chromatids ar…
Mitosis
Division of a cell which results in 2 daughter cells having t…
Stages of mitosis
-prophase ... -metaphase... -anaphase ... -telophase
10 terms
Biology (Mitosis and Cell Cycle)
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
When a parent cell divides into two genetically identical dau…
Chromosomes become visible, shorter and fatter. Chromosomes a…
Chromosomes line up on the equator of the cell. Spindle begin…
Spindle are fully formed, chromosomes are pulled to opposite…
Mitosis
When a parent cell divides into two genetically identical dau…
Prophase
Chromosomes become visible, shorter and fatter. Chromosomes a…
54 terms
Biology- Cell Cycle & Mitosis
(True or False) Cell division in bacte…
(True or False) Asexual reproduction c…
(True or False) Binary fission is a fo…
(True or False) A gene is a segment of…
False
True
False
True
(True or False) Cell division in bacte…
False
(True or False) Asexual reproduction c…
True
39 terms
Biology cell cycle and mitosis
One half of a duplicated chromosome
Sister chromotids are held together at…
Protects DNA and do not include genes
Produces two genetically identical dau…
Chromotid
Centromere
Telomeres
Mitosis and cytokinesis
One half of a duplicated chromosome
Chromotid
Sister chromotids are held together at…
Centromere
Cell Biology: Mitosis
Define Mitosis?
Name the 5 phases of Mitosis?
What is the main process that occurs i…
What is the main process that occurs i…
A unique cell cycle phase where the DNA os equally separated…
Prophase, Prometaphase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase.
Chromosomal Condensation: this process is necessary to packag…
The Nuclear Envelope Breakdown: The nuclear envelope breaks d…
Define Mitosis?
A unique cell cycle phase where the DNA os equally separated…
Name the 5 phases of Mitosis?
Prophase, Prometaphase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase.
22 terms
Cell Cycle and Mitosis - Biology
ana
carcin
chrom
ect/o
apart
cancer
color
outside of
ana
apart
carcin
cancer
10 terms
Biology-cell division-mitosis
In order to survive and grow, our cell…
Mitosis
Body cells
What does a body cell need to do when…
Divide
Makes new cells for growth and repair
Have 2 copies of each chromosome-one from the mother and one…
It needs to make an identical to the original cell-with the s…
In order to survive and grow, our cell…
Divide
Mitosis
Makes new cells for growth and repair
21 terms
Biology I - Cell Cycle and Mitosis
Cell Division
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
-repair... -growth... -replacement
-normal cell function... - G1: growth, longest stage... - S: synthe…
-chromosomes condense... -nuclear membrane breaks apart... -animal…
-chromosomes move to middle equator of cell... -spindle fibers p…
Cell Division
-repair... -growth... -replacement
Interphase
-normal cell function... - G1: growth, longest stage... - S: synthe…
31 terms
Biology Cell Division: Mitosis
List the 3 parts of interphase
What happens in G1
What happens in G2
What happens in S
G1... G2... S
The cell undergoes day to day activities; takes the most time…
The DNA is replicated
All of the parts of the cell are copies and replicated
List the 3 parts of interphase
G1... G2... S
What happens in G1
The cell undergoes day to day activities; takes the most time…
41 terms
biology study mitosis and cell cycle
what is the equation to calculate perc…
a rod shaped structure that forms when…
the number of chromosomes found in the…
bacteria reproduces through an a sexua…
number of cells in phase - over - total number of cells obser…
historie
46
binary fission
what is the equation to calculate perc…
number of cells in phase - over - total number of cells obser…
a rod shaped structure that forms when…
historie
27 terms
Biology Cell cycle and mitosis
What happens in G1
What happens in S (synthesis)
What happens in G2
Mitosis
the cell grows
the cell copies its chromosomes
The cell grows and prepares for cell division
cell division that results in two daughter cells
What happens in G1
the cell grows
What happens in S (synthesis)
the cell copies its chromosomes
14 terms
Biology Cell cycle and Mitosis
Why do cells divide
Why can't cells grow larger
Proykarotic cell division
Eukaryotic cell division
DNA can't keep up with larger cells needs and it is harder to…
If it is too big the DNA can not take care of it
Replication of DNA cells separate into two
Cell cycle cells grow and divide
Why do cells divide
DNA can't keep up with larger cells needs and it is harder to…
Why can't cells grow larger
If it is too big the DNA can not take care of it
50 terms
Biology - Cell Cycle and Mitosis
what is the cell cycle
what are the 3 general periods a cell…
what are the major events that occur d…
what is mitosis
the sequence of growth and division of a cell
Interphase... Mitosis... Cytokinesis
the cell grows, carries out cellular functions and replicates
when the cells nuclear and nucleus material divides
what is the cell cycle
the sequence of growth and division of a cell
what are the 3 general periods a cell…
Interphase... Mitosis... Cytokinesis
Biology Cell division/Mitosis
centromere
gene
cancer
tumor
the region where sister chromatids are bound together
a segment of DNA that codes for RNA and protein
A group of diseases caused by uncontrolled cell growth
A mass of cells that grow very fast and lack of function
centromere
the region where sister chromatids are bound together
gene
a segment of DNA that codes for RNA and protein
16 terms
Mitosis and Cell Division SBHS Biology
anaphase
telophase
metaphase
prophase
In mitosis, the stage when the newly separated chromatids are…
Final phase of mitosis. Two new nuclear envelopes form
The phase of mitosis where the chromosomes line up at the equ…
The phase of mitosis where the chromosomes become visible as…
anaphase
In mitosis, the stage when the newly separated chromatids are…
telophase
Final phase of mitosis. Two new nuclear envelopes form
34 terms
Biology-mitosis/cell cycle
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Sex cells
Everything but sex cells
Regular pattern of growth, dna duplication, and cell division…
Division of the cell nucleus and its contents (doubles everyt…
Meiosis
Mitosis
Cell cycle
Regular pattern of growth, dna duplication, and cell division…
Mitosis
Division of the cell nucleus and its contents (doubles everyt…
16 terms
Biology mitosis /cell cycle
Cell cycle
Cell division
Mitosis
S phase
Period from the beginning of one cell division to the beginni…
Process in which a cell divides into two independent cells
Process of cell division in eukaryotic
Phase of the cell cycle in which the cells genetic informatio…
Cell cycle
Period from the beginning of one cell division to the beginni…
Cell division
Process in which a cell divides into two independent cells
37 terms
Biology - Cell Cycle & Mitosis
cell cycle
2 Main Phases of Cell Cycle
interphase (definition)
interphase (events)
Events that take place in eukaryotic cell between its formati…
Interphase and Mitotic phase (M mitosis).
Phase that occurs between the times when a cell is dividing (…
Cell is forming and carries on with its normal metabolic func…
cell cycle
Events that take place in eukaryotic cell between its formati…
2 Main Phases of Cell Cycle
Interphase and Mitotic phase (M mitosis).
18 terms
Cell Biology, Mitosis, Cell Membrane,
Prokatyote
Eukaryote
Measosome
Neucleoid Region
Simple cells. Probably first ones to inhabit earth... - No nucl…
More complex and advanced cells... Composed of four main parts:…
A prokaryote's mitochondria. Used for cellular respiration
Genetic material found in the cytoplasm in a prokaryote
Prokatyote
Simple cells. Probably first ones to inhabit earth... - No nucl…
Eukaryote
More complex and advanced cells... Composed of four main parts:…
26 terms
Biology - Cells and Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telophase
chromosomes become visible
chromosomes line up across center of cell, microtubules conne…
centromeres split, chromatids separate and become individual…
chromosomes begin to disperse into a tangle of dense material…
Prophase
chromosomes become visible
Metaphase
chromosomes line up across center of cell, microtubules conne…
13 terms
Biology- Cell Cycle (Mitosis)
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
G1 stage (interphase)
Replication of DNA of parent cell
Organisation of chromosomes, separation into two identical gr…
Division of parent cell into two cells
Cell growth and development, synthesises proteins required fo…
Interphase
Replication of DNA of parent cell
Mitosis
Organisation of chromosomes, separation into two identical gr…
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