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Study sets matching "biology mitosis chapter 8"

50 terms
Biology Chapter 8- Mitosis
cell division
Chromosomes
before the parent cell splits in two
During division process
the division of a cell into two daughter cells that are genet…
A cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
chromosomes duplicate
one set of chromosomes is given to each daughter cell
cell division
the division of a cell into two daughter cells that are genet…
Chromosomes
A cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
36 terms
Biology Chapter 8- Mitosis
asexual reproduction
chromosomes
sexual reproduction
cell division
the creation of genetically identical offspring by a single p…
the structures that obtain most of the organism's DNA
offspring generally resemble parents more closely than unrela…
reproduction of cells
asexual reproduction
the creation of genetically identical offspring by a single p…
chromosomes
the structures that obtain most of the organism's DNA
51 terms
Biology-Chapter 8: Mitosis and Meiosis
Describe the structure of a chromosome
What are the differences structure bet…
Sex chromosome
Autosome
Coiled, compact, rod-shaped structures
*Prokaryotic: Primarily Haploid, DNA is a closed circular pol…
Chromosomes that determine the gender of an organism
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Describe the structure of a chromosome
Coiled, compact, rod-shaped structures
What are the differences structure bet…
*Prokaryotic: Primarily Haploid, DNA is a closed circular pol…
36 terms
Chapter 8 Biology - Mitosis
Define chromosomes
Define chromatin
Define somatic cells
Define gametes
Condensed, supercoiled DNA in a dividing cell which is visibl…
Long thin strands of DNA in a non dividing cell which is not…
Body cells - make up organs of the body
Sex cells (egg/sperm) that contain half the number of chromos…
Define chromosomes
Condensed, supercoiled DNA in a dividing cell which is visibl…
Define chromatin
Long thin strands of DNA in a non dividing cell which is not…
17 terms
Biology chapter 8: Mitosis
mitosis
cell cycle
interphase
G1, s, G2
how your body grows are repairs
the life cycle of a cell
cell cycle starts with this and cells spend most of their lif…
three phases within prophase
mitosis
how your body grows are repairs
cell cycle
the life cycle of a cell
25 terms
Biology Chapter 8- Mitosis
Interphase
Interphase
Interphase
Chromatids
The time in between cell divison
Time of growth and synthesis of proteins and RNA
In this phase, once a cell reaches a certain size, it begins…
Sister chromosomes attached at the center called the centromere
Interphase
The time in between cell divison
Interphase
Time of growth and synthesis of proteins and RNA
20 terms
Biology Cellular reproduction Mitosis chapter 8
Parthenogenesis
Cell division
chromosomes
Asexual reproduction (Mitosis)
Asexual reproduction without participation of sperm and egg
the daughter cell produced as a result of cell division are g…
Structures in the cell that contain DNA
type of reproduction that does not require fertilization of e…
Parthenogenesis
Asexual reproduction without participation of sperm and egg
Cell division
the daughter cell produced as a result of cell division are g…
54 terms
Biology Chapter 8: mitosis
Which of the following processes requi…
How do prokaryote cells divide
how many loops of DNA do prokaryotes h…
what is the act of one parent cell dou…
4. All of these
binary fission
a single loop
binary fission
Which of the following processes requi…
4. All of these
How do prokaryote cells divide
binary fission
88 terms
Biology chapter 8 mitosis and meiosis
cell division
chromosomes
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
another term for cell reproduction
DNA structures that carry an organisms legacy
reproduction that requires the fertilization of an egg by a s…
cell reproduction that results in offspring with identical ge…
cell division
another term for cell reproduction
chromosomes
DNA structures that carry an organisms legacy
38 terms
Chapter 8 Mitosis
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokenesis
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
the stage of the cell cycle when during which the cell's nucl…
the division of the cytoplasm during the proceses of cell div…
cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
interphase
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
132 terms
Biology Chapter 8 (mitosis/meiosis) and 9
Mitosis
Meiosis
Cell cycle
DNA
cell division in eukaryotes, asexual, two identical daughter…
cell division in eukaryotes, sexual reproduction, four daught…
a period of growth and metabolism with two parts called inter…
genetic material in the nucleus
Mitosis
cell division in eukaryotes, asexual, two identical daughter…
Meiosis
cell division in eukaryotes, sexual reproduction, four daught…
57 terms
Biology Chapter 8- Mitosis & Meiosis
life cycle
sexual reproduction
genome
asexual reproduction
sequence of life stages leading from adults of one generation…
reproductive process that involves the union of a sperm and a…
complete set of an organism's genes
production of offspring by a single parent
life cycle
sequence of life stages leading from adults of one generation…
sexual reproduction
reproductive process that involves the union of a sperm and a…
37 terms
Chapter 8 Mitosis Biology 003
Mature human nerve cells and muscle ce…
Which of the following must occur for…
DNA is found in structures called ____…
Skin cancer is a type of ________.
Are permanently in a state of non-division.
It must be able to control the timing and rate of cell divisi…
Chromosomes
Carcinoma
Mature human nerve cells and muscle ce…
Are permanently in a state of non-division.
Which of the following must occur for…
It must be able to control the timing and rate of cell divisi…
Biology: Chapter 8.2 Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
-cell grows,... -DNA replicates,... -preparation for mitosis,... - whe…
-longest phase of mitosis,... -chromosomes get shorter and thick…
-Chromosomes line up halfway between poles (in the middle)
-centromere divides,... -chromatids separate and are pulled to o…
Interphase
-cell grows,... -DNA replicates,... -preparation for mitosis,... - whe…
Prophase
-longest phase of mitosis,... -chromosomes get shorter and thick…
57 terms
Biology Chapter 8- Mitosis & Meiosis
life cycle
sexual reproduction
genome
asexual reproduction
sequence of life stages leading from adults of one generation…
reproductive process that involves the union of a sperm and a…
complete set of an organism's genes
production of offspring by a single parent
life cycle
sequence of life stages leading from adults of one generation…
sexual reproduction
reproductive process that involves the union of a sperm and a…
42 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 8: Mitosis
cell division
chromosome
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
the reproduction of a cell through duplication of the genome…
found in eukaryotic cells, consists of one very long piece of…
one parent, identical offspring
two haploid= one diploid, two parents, different offspring
cell division
the reproduction of a cell through duplication of the genome…
chromosome
found in eukaryotic cells, consists of one very long piece of…
74 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Mitosis and Meiosis
cell division
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
reproduction at the cellular level
____ ________ is used... for reproduction of single-celled organ…
produces offspring that are identical to the original cell or…
produces offspring that are similar to the parents, but show…
cell division
reproduction at the cellular level
cell division
____ ________ is used... for reproduction of single-celled organ…
20 terms
Biology chapter 8.2 mitosis
Cell reproduction occurs
Chromosomes are
Chromosomes exist as
Chromosome structure1
When the cell splits into two "identical" cells
Strands of coiled DNA
"Chromatin" most of their life
Consists of two identical halves called chromatids
Cell reproduction occurs
When the cell splits into two "identical" cells
Chromosomes are
Strands of coiled DNA
51 terms
biology chapter 8: mitosis & meiosis
daughter cell
metaphase
cell
nuclear membrane
exact copy of the parent cell, only smaller
-chromosomes line up at the end of the equator of the cell &…
basic unit of all living things
surrounds the nucleus to hold the genetic material of the cel…
daughter cell
exact copy of the parent cell, only smaller
metaphase
-chromosomes line up at the end of the equator of the cell &…
21 terms
Biology chapter 8 - mitosis/meiosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Duplicating of DNA
Sister chromatids form
Sister chromatids line up at center, spindle connects to them
Microtubules begin to pull apart sisters
Interphase
Duplicating of DNA
Prophase
Sister chromatids form
32 terms
mitosis/ meiosis-biology chapter 8-
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
rod shaped structure made of DNA and protiens
the DNA in eukaryotic cells wrap tightly around proteins call…
Each half of a chromosome is called a chromatid.
two chromatids of a chromosome are attachtched by the centrom…
chromosome
rod shaped structure made of DNA and protiens
histone
the DNA in eukaryotic cells wrap tightly around proteins call…
22 terms
Chapter 8 - Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telophase
Chromatin condenses into chromosomes; Nucleolus disappears; N…
Chromosomes align along the equator of a dividing cell
Chromosomes move to opposite poles
Chromosomes unwind into chromatin; Nucleolus reappears; Nucle…
Prophase
Chromatin condenses into chromosomes; Nucleolus disappears; N…
Metaphase
Chromosomes align along the equator of a dividing cell
50 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis (Chapter 8 "Modern Biology"
What do Histones do?
How are Histones and Nonhistones diffe…
What is a chromatid/how is it formed?
What is a centromere?
Help pack DNA and keep the shape of the chromosome
Histones pack DNA, whereas
1/2 of a chromosome; when DNA copies itself
Where chromatids are attached
What do Histones do?
Help pack DNA and keep the shape of the chromosome
How are Histones and Nonhistones diffe…
Histones pack DNA, whereas
56 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 8 Meiosis and Mitosis
Chromosomes
Histones
Chromatid
Centromere
Rod shaped structures made of DNA and proteins.
Proteins that DNA wrap around in eukaryotic cells.... Help maint…
Two identical halves of a chromosome. ... Form as the DNA makes…
A point where two chromatids of a chromosome are attached. ... H…
Chromosomes
Rod shaped structures made of DNA and proteins.
Histones
Proteins that DNA wrap around in eukaryotic cells.... Help maint…
38 terms
biology mitosis and meiosis chapter 8
During prophase and metaphase, the DNA…
During oogenesis, a single diploid cel…
After mitosis and cytokinesis of a typ…
After ___, cells can exit the cell cyc…
chromosomes
1 egg and 3 polar bodies
gets a complete set of 46 chromosomes
gap 1 and gap 0
During prophase and metaphase, the DNA…
chromosomes
During oogenesis, a single diploid cel…
1 egg and 3 polar bodies
16 terms
Biology - chapter 8- Mitosis and Meiosis
DNA stands for
Function of DNA
Where is DNA located in the eukaryotic…
What monomers is DNA composed of
Deoxyribonucleic acid
stores and transmits genetic info
nucleus
nucleotides
DNA stands for
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Function of DNA
stores and transmits genetic info
51 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis (Chapter 8 "Modern Biology"
What do Histones do?
What do Nonhistones do?
How are Histones and Nonhistones diffe…
What is a chromatid/how is it formed?
Help pack DNA and keep the shape of the chromosome
Control activity of specific regions of the DNA
Histones pack DNA, whereas Nonhistones control activity of DNA.
1/2 of a chromosome; when DNA copies itself
What do Histones do?
Help pack DNA and keep the shape of the chromosome
What do Nonhistones do?
Control activity of specific regions of the DNA
59 terms
Biology 1107 Chapter 8: Mitosis/Meiosis
Life Cycle
Genome
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
the sequence of stages leading from the adults of one generat…
a complete (haploid) set of an organism's genes; an organism'…
the creation of genetically identical offspring by a single p…
the creation of offspring by the fusion of two haploid sex ce…
Life Cycle
the sequence of stages leading from the adults of one generat…
Genome
a complete (haploid) set of an organism's genes; an organism'…
62 terms
Chapter 8 Biology Test- Mitosis and Meiosis
midline area between poles of cell
time between cell divisions
Which Cell division creates identical…
indention that divides animal cell
cell equator
interphase
Mitosis
cleavage furrow
midline area between poles of cell
cell equator
time between cell divisions
interphase
51 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis Chapter 8 "Modern Biology"
What do Histones do?
What do Nonhistones do?
How are Histones and Nonhistones diffe…
What is a chromatid/how is it formed?
Help pack DNA and keep the shape of the chromosome
Control activity of specific regions of the DNA
Histones pack DNA, whereas Nonhistones control activity of DNA.
1/2 of a chromosome; when DNA copies itself
What do Histones do?
Help pack DNA and keep the shape of the chromosome
What do Nonhistones do?
Control activity of specific regions of the DNA
57 terms
Biology- Concepts and Connections Chapter 8-Mitosis
Chromosome
Cell Division
Anaphase
Benign Tumor
gene-carrying structure, consists of chromatin, found in the…
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Centromeres split
A mass of abnormal cells that remains at the site of origin
Chromosome
gene-carrying structure, consists of chromatin, found in the…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
42 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 8 Mitosis and Asexual Reproduction
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
the region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
chromosome
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
histone
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
57 terms
Biology- Concepts and Connections Chapter 8-Mitosis
Chromosome
Cell Division
Anaphase
Benign Tumor
gene-carrying structure, consists of chromatin, found in the…
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Centromeres split
A mass of abnormal cells that remains at the site of origin
Chromosome
gene-carrying structure, consists of chromatin, found in the…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Chapter 8 Biology Vocabulary (Mitosis and Meiosis)
Chromosome
Chromatin
Cell Cycle
Interphase
cell structures that carry the genetic material that is copie…
long, tangled strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nuc…
continuous sequence of growth (interphase) and division (mito…
cell growth phase where a cell increases in size, carries on…
Chromosome
cell structures that carry the genetic material that is copie…
Chromatin
long, tangled strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nuc…
18 terms
Biology chapter 8 mitosis / sexual reproduction
Somatic cell
Gamete
Sex chromosomes
Autosomes
Also called a body cell
Another name for a haploid reproductive cell
Chromosomes that determine gender
Chromosomes that do not determine gender
Somatic cell
Also called a body cell
Gamete
Another name for a haploid reproductive cell
12 terms
MITOSIS (chapter 8)
Mitosis cell cycle
What is the purpose of mitosis?
Interphase (phase 1)
Sister chromatids consist of...
To create new cells for growth and repair
Chromosomes divide, and as they do, they create bubbles. The…
DNA wound around small proteins called histones
Mitosis cell cycle
What is the purpose of mitosis?
To create new cells for growth and repair
59 terms
Chapter 8 Biology Test- Mitosis and Meiosis
midline area between poles of cell
time between cell divisions
vesicles that fuse together to divide…
indention that divides animal cell
equator
interphase
cell plate
cleavage furrow
midline area between poles of cell
equator
time between cell divisions
interphase
51 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis (Chapter 8 "Modern Biology")
What do Histones do?
What do Nonhistones do?
How are Histones and Nonhistones diffe…
What is a chromatid/how is it formed?
Help pack DNA and keep the shape of the chromosome
Control activity of specific regions of the DNA
Histones pack DNA, whereas Nonhistones control activity of DNA.
1/2 of a chromosome; when DNA copies itself
What do Histones do?
Help pack DNA and keep the shape of the chromosome
What do Nonhistones do?
Control activity of specific regions of the DNA
64 terms
Biology Exam #4 Chapter 8 Mitosis and Meiosis
Ordinary cell division produces two da…
The type of cell division responsible…
A cell entering the cell cycle with 32…
In some organisms, such as certain fun…
D) Sexual Reproduction
Mitosis
32 chromosomes
Large cells containing many nuclei
Ordinary cell division produces two da…
D) Sexual Reproduction
The type of cell division responsible…
Mitosis
374 terms
Biology 109 Specified Chapter 8 Mitosis quiz
What are 3 reasons for mitosis?
Mitosis produces ________ of an organism
________ produces exact copies of an o…
Eukaryotic cells have more ______ than…
growth, maintenance, and repair
exact copies
mitosis
genes
What are 3 reasons for mitosis?
growth, maintenance, and repair
Mitosis produces ________ of an organism
exact copies
82 terms
honors biology chapter 8 part 1: mitosis
prokaryotes reproduce by
human cells carry around how many genes
genes are grouped into
DNA in the loose state is called
binary fission
21,000
chromosomes
chromatin
prokaryotes reproduce by
binary fission
human cells carry around how many genes
21,000
58 terms
Chapter 8.1 (Mitosis)
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
1. Reproduction of single-celled organ…
Reproduction at the cellular level which produces two "daught…
Cellular reproduction that produces offspring that are identi…
Cellular reproduction that produces offspring that are simila…
Cell division is used for
Cell division
Reproduction at the cellular level which produces two "daught…
Asexual reproduction
Cellular reproduction that produces offspring that are identi…
28 terms
Bio Chapter 8 (Mitosis) Vocab
cell division
chromosome
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
the reproduction of a cell through duplication of the genome…
a thread-like, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus o…
the creation of an identical offspring by a single parent, wi…
the production of new living organisms by combining genetic i…
cell division
the reproduction of a cell through duplication of the genome…
chromosome
a thread-like, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus o…
44 terms
Chapter 8: Mitosis
prokaryotes divide by
binary fission
binary fission in steps
daughter cells
binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
1. DNA "unzips" or replicates... 2. Two copies of DNA begin to m…
These cells are identical to each other, and also to the orig…
prokaryotes divide by
binary fission
binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
28 terms
Chapter 8 mitosis
Cell division
How do cells replicate?
Binary fission
Mitosis
Cells can make identical copies of themselves... -Asexual reprod…
3 steps to cell replication:... -Replication of DNA (chromosomes…
How Prokaryotes are divided.... -Parent cell... -Circular chromosom…
nuclear division plus cytokinesis and produces two identical…
Cell division
Cells can make identical copies of themselves... -Asexual reprod…
How do cells replicate?
3 steps to cell replication:... -Replication of DNA (chromosomes…
13 terms
Biology Notes chapter 8: Mitosis and Meiosis
What are 3 reasons for mitosis
Division by mitosis
Mitosis is the....
Meiosis is the....
growth repairing healing and sexual reproduction
some cells divide constantly (skin, get lining) others divide…
division of somatic (body) cells
creation of new sex cells (gametes)
What are 3 reasons for mitosis
growth repairing healing and sexual reproduction
Division by mitosis
some cells divide constantly (skin, get lining) others divide…
51 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis (Chapter 8 "Modern Biology"
What do Histones do?
What do Nonhistones do?
How are Histones and Nonhistones diffe…
What is a chromatid/how is it formed?
Help pack DNA and keep the shape of the chromosome
Control activity of specific regions of the DNA
Histones pack DNA, whereas Nonhistones control activity of DNA.
1/2 of a chromosome; when DNA copies itself
What do Histones do?
Help pack DNA and keep the shape of the chromosome
What do Nonhistones do?
Control activity of specific regions of the DNA
51 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis (Chapter 8 "Modern Biology"
What do Histones do?
What do Nonhistones do?
How are Histones and Nonhistones diffe…
What is a chromatid/how is it formed?
Help pack DNA and keep the shape of the chromosome
Control activity of specific regions of the DNA
Histones pack DNA, whereas Nonhistones control activity of DNA.
1/2 of a chromosome; when DNA copies itself
What do Histones do?
Help pack DNA and keep the shape of the chromosome
What do Nonhistones do?
Control activity of specific regions of the DNA
51 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis (Chapter 8 "Modern Biology"
What do Histones do?
What do Nonhistones do?
How are Histones and Nonhistones diffe…
What is a chromatid/how is it formed?
Help pack DNA and keep the shape of the chromosome
Control activity of specific regions of the DNA
Histones pack DNA, whereas Nonhistones control activity of DNA.
1/2 of a chromosome; when DNA copies itself
What do Histones do?
Help pack DNA and keep the shape of the chromosome
What do Nonhistones do?
Control activity of specific regions of the DNA
39 terms
chapter 8 Mitosis
simple cell cycle
two stages that make up the simple cel…
genome
chromatin
cell division in prokaryotes
replication ... binary fission
all the DNA in a cell
when the cell is not dividing , the chromosomes are thread-li…
simple cell cycle
cell division in prokaryotes
two stages that make up the simple cel…
replication ... binary fission
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