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Study sets matching "biology mitosis meiosis"

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Study sets matching "biology mitosis meiosis"

12 terms
Biology- Mitosis and Meiosis
Different types of cells that divide f…
Phase of the cell cycle that DNA repli…
Process shown to the right create
Process to the right called
Mitosis is the cell division that results in two identical da…
S Phase-Synthesis Phase (Interphase)
Creates genetic variation by exchanging DNA between two nonsi…
Crossover
Different types of cells that divide f…
Mitosis is the cell division that results in two identical da…
Phase of the cell cycle that DNA repli…
S Phase-Synthesis Phase (Interphase)
40 terms
Biology Mitosis, Meiosis & DNA Replication.
Cell division
Binary fission
The Eukaryotic cell cycle
DNA Synthesis (S) Phase
Every cell from a cell... There are three functions of cell div…
model of cell division in prokaryotes like bacteria... doubling…
After a cell divides it cant divide again until it makes anot…
genetic information in a cell (its genome) is copied prior to…
Cell division
Every cell from a cell... There are three functions of cell div…
Binary fission
model of cell division in prokaryotes like bacteria... doubling…
13 terms
Biology- Mitosis or Meiosis?
Meiosis
Meiosis
Meiosis
Meiosis
Occurs in gonads (sex organs - ovaries and testes)
Crossing over occurs
Produces gametes (sperm
Four daughter cells produced
Meiosis
Occurs in gonads (sex organs - ovaries and testes)
Meiosis
Crossing over occurs
20 terms
Biology mitosis meiosis
Spindle finer attaches to each chromos…
Starts during anaphase of animal cells…
Centrioles enlarge and split
Division of the cytoplasm
Prophase
Cytokinesis
Prophase
Cytokinesis
Spindle finer attaches to each chromos…
Prophase
Starts during anaphase of animal cells…
Cytokinesis
96 terms
Biology- Mitosis, Meiosis, and Genetics
Too many demands on DNA and not enough…
DNA overload
Cell division
It replicates all its DNA
Two main reasons why cells divide... ( what problems does gro…
When the cell is growing, it places greater demands on its DN…
The process by which a cell divides into two daughter cells
What happens before the cell divides?
Too many demands on DNA and not enough…
Two main reasons why cells divide... ( what problems does gro…
DNA overload
When the cell is growing, it places greater demands on its DN…
mitosis and meiosis for biology sophomores
mitosis
makes genetically identical cells for…
interphase
prophase
Division of the nucleus
What is the purpose of mitosis?
The part of the cell cycle where the cell is doing normal act…
The stage of mitosis where chromosomes and spindle fibers app…
mitosis
Division of the nucleus
makes genetically identical cells for…
What is the purpose of mitosis?
45 terms
Biology - Mitosis and Meiosis
What are the 3 stages of interphase?
Why is it important that DNA be copied…
What is the end product of mitosis?
Why is mitosis necessary for sustainin…
G1, S, G2
When the cell splits, there needs to be a right amount of DNA…
2 identical cells
Because cells die, and without cell reproduction, we would al…
What are the 3 stages of interphase?
G1, S, G2
Why is it important that DNA be copied…
When the cell splits, there needs to be a right amount of DNA…
16 terms
Biology- meiosis and mitosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
Haploid
Diploid
Nuclear division resulting in two cells genetically identical…
Nuclear division that reduces the number of chromosomes in th…
Having a single unpaired set (n) of chromosomes; the chromoso…
Having two (paired) sets of chromosomes (2n)
Mitosis
Nuclear division resulting in two cells genetically identical…
Meiosis
Nuclear division that reduces the number of chromosomes in th…
18 terms
Biology Mitosis vs Meiosis
Homologous Pairing
Prokaryote Reproduction
Eukaryote Reproduction
Mitosis
Chromosomes are always paired - an organism receives 1/2 of i…
2 phases - Interphase and Cell Division
Reproduce through Mitosis
Splitting of the nucleus into 2 nuclei
Homologous Pairing
Chromosomes are always paired - an organism receives 1/2 of i…
Prokaryote Reproduction
2 phases - Interphase and Cell Division
42 terms
Biology Mitosis and Meiosis Terms
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatids
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of the two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chrom…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
mitosis
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
34 terms
Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
Hypothesis
S-Phase
a possible answer to a scientific question.
* 2nd stage of interphase. -Cell DNA is copied.
Hypothesis
a possible answer to a scientific question.
S-Phase
* 2nd stage of interphase. -Cell DNA is copied.
79 terms
Biology I Mitosis & Meiosis
Chromatin
Homologous
Binary Fission
Volume
The DNA that is spread out in a non-dividing cell.
The two copies of each chromosome that are the same size, sam…
How bacteria reproduce.
As a cell grows in size, its _____________ increases more rap…
Chromatin
The DNA that is spread out in a non-dividing cell.
Homologous
The two copies of each chromosome that are the same size, sam…
23 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
Old cells
Asexual reproduction
Mitosis
Chromosome
Where do cells come from?
This kind of reproduction involves 1 parent
The process in which the nuclear material in a cell (DNA) rep…
When mitosis begins, DNA is in the form of a _____
Old cells
Where do cells come from?
Asexual reproduction
This kind of reproduction involves 1 parent
36 terms
Biology mitosis/meiosis
3 mechanisms of genetic variation
Crossing Over
DNA type in interphase
DNA type in anaphase
1.) Crossing over in PROPHASE 1... 2.) Independent assortment in…
Swapping of DNA (segments) b/w Homologous Chromosome. [geneti…
Chromatin
Individual Chromosome
3 mechanisms of genetic variation
1.) Crossing over in PROPHASE 1... 2.) Independent assortment in…
Crossing Over
Swapping of DNA (segments) b/w Homologous Chromosome. [geneti…
24 terms
Biology- mitosis and meiosis
Somatic cells
Gamete
Diploid cells
Haploid cells
Body cells or every cell in your body
Sex cell
A cell or an organism consisting of two sets of chromosomes
A cell or organism consisting of one set of chromosomes
Somatic cells
Body cells or every cell in your body
Gamete
Sex cell
85 terms
Biology-mitosis/meiosis
Chromosome
Chromatin
DNA
Protein of a chromosome
Rod shaped structure made of DNA & protein (When cell is repr…
Less tightly coiled than a chromosome but still made of DNA (…
A,T,C,G w/ sugar and acids
histone
Chromosome
Rod shaped structure made of DNA & protein (When cell is repr…
Chromatin
Less tightly coiled than a chromosome but still made of DNA (…
11 terms
Biology - Meiosis & Mitosis
Which stages are the longest?
What happens to a cell after cytokines…
What happens during the synthesis phase?
What is a checkpoint in the cell cycle?
interphase
the cell starts the cycle over again
copying and replicating DNA
checks the cell if it grew correctly to move on to the next s…
Which stages are the longest?
interphase
What happens to a cell after cytokines…
the cell starts the cycle over again
50 terms
Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
Surface area of a cell
Volume of a cell
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Determines the amount of food, oxygen, and water that enters…
The rate at which food and oxygen are used up and waste produ…
The process by which a cell divides into two daughter cells.
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Surface area of a cell
Determines the amount of food, oxygen, and water that enters…
Volume of a cell
The rate at which food and oxygen are used up and waste produ…
18 terms
Biology meiosis, mitosis & gametes
Meiosis
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
gene
cell division in which the chromosome number is reduced ( sta…
a single parent gives rise to one or more individual... offsprin…
involves the combination of genetic material from two parents…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Meiosis
cell division in which the chromosome number is reduced ( sta…
asexual reproduction
a single parent gives rise to one or more individual... offsprin…
34 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
As a cell gets larger, what kind of cr…
As a cell grows, the volume increases…
Cell division is the process by which…
What must happen before cell division…
The cell might no longer be able to obtain enough oxygen and…
More Rapidly
Identical Daughter Cells
DNA replication, and producing of Organelles.
As a cell gets larger, what kind of cr…
The cell might no longer be able to obtain enough oxygen and…
As a cell grows, the volume increases…
More Rapidly
34 terms
Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
Hypothesis
Independent Assortment
S-Phase
Oogenesis
a possible answer to a scientific question.
During meiosis the random distribution of genes from differen…
* 2nd stage of interphase. -Cell DNA is copied.
production of eggs., development of ova
Hypothesis
a possible answer to a scientific question.
Independent Assortment
During meiosis the random distribution of genes from differen…
22 terms
Biology- Mitosis vs Meiosis
purpose of mitosis
# of times cell divides in mitosis
kind of cells produced after mitosis
what are sister chromatids
to produce more cells
1
body cells or daughter cells
the chromatids that are connected by a centromere to make up…
purpose of mitosis
to produce more cells
# of times cell divides in mitosis
1
34 terms
Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
Hypothesis
Independent Assortment
S-Phase
Oogenesis
a possible answer to a scientific question .
During meiosis the random distribution of genes from differen…
* 2nd stage of interphase. -Cell DNA is copied.
production of eggs., development of ova
Hypothesis
a possible answer to a scientific question .
Independent Assortment
During meiosis the random distribution of genes from differen…
24 terms
Biology Vocab: Meiosis/Mitosis
Differentiation
Embryo
Zygote
Stem cell
Make or become different during growth/development
Unborn offspring during development
Diploid cell resulting from fusion of 2 haploid cells
Undifferentiated cell of an organism that can rise to create…
Differentiation
Make or become different during growth/development
Embryo
Unborn offspring during development
32 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
Arrange the following in order from sm…
What are genes?
What are the correct pairings of nucle…
What is a chromosome?
4 nucleotides, genes, chromosomes, genome
Sections of DNA that code for traits.
Adenine & Thymine, Guanine & Cytosine
Coiled sets of DNA.
Arrange the following in order from sm…
4 nucleotides, genes, chromosomes, genome
What are genes?
Sections of DNA that code for traits.
32 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
Arrange the following in order from sm…
What are genes?
What are the correct pairings of nucle…
What is a chromosome?
4 nucleotides, genes, chromosomes, genome
Sections of DNA that code for traits.
Adenine & Thymine, Guanine & Cytosine
Coiled sets of DNA.
Arrange the following in order from sm…
4 nucleotides, genes, chromosomes, genome
What are genes?
Sections of DNA that code for traits.
23 terms
Biology Vocab Meiosis/Mitosis
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
gamate
genes
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
sex cell
DNA segments that serve as the key functional units in heredi…
asexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
sexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
34 terms
Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
Hypothesis
Independent Assortment
S-Phase
Oogenesis
A possible answer to a scientific question.
During meiosis the random distribution of genes from differen…
Second stage of interphase. Cell DNA is copied.
Production of eggs and development of ova
Hypothesis
A possible answer to a scientific question.
Independent Assortment
During meiosis the random distribution of genes from differen…
16 terms
Honors Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
Chromatid
Centromere
Centriole
Mitotic Spindle
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome.
a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appear…
in animal cells, a cytoplasmic organelle that organizes the m…
An assemblage of microtubules and associated proteins that is…
Chromatid
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome.
Centromere
a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appear…
59 terms
biology test mitosis and meiosis
chromatin
chromosomes
23
46 chromosomes
uncoiled DNA
when our cell is about to divide the chromatin condenses into…
how many chromosomes does our DNA condense into?
how many chromosomes are in each cell in a human body?
chromatin
uncoiled DNA
chromosomes
when our cell is about to divide the chromatin condenses into…
17 terms
Biology - Mitosis, Meiosis, and DNA
Nucleotides
Parts of a nucleotide
Purine bases
Pyrimidines
monomers of DNA
Phosphate group, deoxyribose sugar, and the nitrogen base
Adenine, guanine (both have two-ring structure)
Cytosine, thymine (one-ring structure)
Nucleotides
monomers of DNA
Parts of a nucleotide
Phosphate group, deoxyribose sugar, and the nitrogen base
28 terms
Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
10 terms
Biology (Mitosis/Meiosis)
Mitosis
Mitosis
Mitosis
Mitosis
Results in 2 daughter cells
2n=46
Produces diploid cells
Daughter cells are identical
Mitosis
Results in 2 daughter cells
Mitosis
2n=46
25 terms
Biology Test: mitosis and meiosis
Mitosis
Chromatin
Chromatid
Chromosome
Nucleus divides... conserves chromosome # (46)... ends with 2 diplo…
a form of DNA (spaghetti mess)
a single double stranded DNA (one strand of DNA)
double or single strand of DNA
Mitosis
Nucleus divides... conserves chromosome # (46)... ends with 2 diplo…
Chromatin
a form of DNA (spaghetti mess)
23 terms
Biology Lab Mitosis and Meiosis
Cytokinesis
Mitosis
Meiosis
Prophase
division of the cytoplasm
nuclear division resulting in two daughter cells that are ide…
make sex cells (gametes) ex: sperm, egg
chromosomes pack together
Cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm
Mitosis
nuclear division resulting in two daughter cells that are ide…
17 terms
Biology- Mitosis and Meiosis Vocabulary
Chromosome
Chromatin
Sister chromatid
Centromere
DNA- containing structure thatcherites genetic material from…
released form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell
structure that contain identical DNA copies and is formed dur…
cell structure that joins two sister chromatids
Chromosome
DNA- containing structure thatcherites genetic material from…
Chromatin
released form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell
34 terms
Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
Hypothesis
Independent Assortment
S-Phase
Oogenesis
a possible answer to a scientific question.
During meiosis the random distribution of genes from differen…
* 2nd stage of interphase. -Cell DNA is copied.
production of eggs., development of ova
Hypothesis
a possible answer to a scientific question.
Independent Assortment
During meiosis the random distribution of genes from differen…
12 terms
Biology - mitosis vs meiosis
mitosis
meiosis
mitosis
meiosis
two daughter cells produces
occurs to produce reproductive cells
daughter cells, genetically identical
homologous chromosomes pair
mitosis
two daughter cells produces
meiosis
occurs to produce reproductive cells
13 terms
biology 1- mitosis & meiosis
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
telophase
-chromosomes condense ... -find sister chromosomes ... -connect... -go…
-line up at the middle ... -spindles attach to the centromere
-spindles pull and the sisters separate and move to the poles
-cell furrows ... -two new cells become visible ... -nuclear membra…
prophase
-chromosomes condense ... -find sister chromosomes ... -connect... -go…
metaphase
-line up at the middle ... -spindles attach to the centromere
60 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
mitosis
growth, replacement of damaged cells,…
cell division
budding, fragmentation, vegetative
cellular reproduction in multi-cellular organisms
What are the functions of mitosis?
reproduction at the cellular level
What are the types of asexual reproduction?
mitosis
cellular reproduction in multi-cellular organisms
growth, replacement of damaged cells,…
What are the functions of mitosis?
21 terms
Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
What is Mitosis?
Why do cells need to make more cells?
What is a chromosome?
What is a chromatid?
It is the division of the nucleus, which occurs during cell d…
Growth- living things need to grow... Repair- of skin and bones…
DNA and protein in a coiled, rod-shaped form that occurs duri…
one of the two identical parts of a chromosome
What is Mitosis?
It is the division of the nucleus, which occurs during cell d…
Why do cells need to make more cells?
Growth- living things need to grow... Repair- of skin and bones…
23 terms
BIOLOGY: Mitosis and Meiosis
why cells divide
mitosis cell division
mitosis cell cycle
interphase... mitosis
-growth... -reproduction (unicellular)... -size (you get bigger)... -r…
-cell grows... -cell prepares for division... -cell divides to form…
interphase... cell division... -prophase... -metaphase... -anaphase... -telo…
-longest phase of cell cycle... -"normal" period of a cell, cell…
why cells divide
-growth... -reproduction (unicellular)... -size (you get bigger)... -r…
mitosis cell division
-cell grows... -cell prepares for division... -cell divides to form…
39 terms
Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
Cell cycle
Chromatin
Chromosome
Centromere
Mitosis and meiosis
Whole bunch of noodles
2 noodles put together
The middle of the chromosomes
Cell cycle
Mitosis and meiosis
Chromatin
Whole bunch of noodles
22 terms
Biology - DNA, Mitosis, & Meiosis
homologous chromosome
mitosis
meiosis
deoxyribose
chromosomes that have the same number length, appearance, and…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
form of nuclear division that divides a diploid cell into hap…
back bone for DNA; a sugar
homologous chromosome
chromosomes that have the same number length, appearance, and…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
20 terms
MEIOSIS AND MITOSIS BIOLOGY REVIEW
Mitosis
Meiosis
Fertilization
chromosome
2 genetically identical diploid cells
4 genetically different haploid cells
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes…
Mitosis
2 genetically identical diploid cells
Meiosis
4 genetically different haploid cells
33 terms
BIOLOGY- Mitosis & Meiosis Vocab
Mitosis
Interphase
Metaphase
Gene
A type of cell division that results in in two daughter cells…
The resting phase between the first and second divisions of m…
The second stage of cell division, between prophase and anaph…
A unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offsp…
Mitosis
A type of cell division that results in in two daughter cells…
Interphase
The resting phase between the first and second divisions of m…
45 terms
Honors Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
Interphase
G1
S
G2
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
In interphase - cell grows rapidly, builds new organelles; al…
In interphase- The synthesis phase of the cell cycle; DNA is…
In interphase- Final preparation phase. Cell checks for DNA e…
Interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
G1
In interphase - cell grows rapidly, builds new organelles; al…
30 terms
Biology Meiosis and Mitosis
cell cycle
interphase
G1
S phase
process of cell preparing to divide and dividing
Process of preparing for a cell division/ when a cell prepare…
A process where cell grows and gather nutrients
A process where the DNA replication happens
cell cycle
process of cell preparing to divide and dividing
interphase
Process of preparing for a cell division/ when a cell prepare…
42 terms
Biology meiosis and mitosis
mitosis.
chromosomes
cytokinesis.
"sister" chromatids.
The first stage, division of the cell nucleus,
Genetic information is passed from one generation... to the next
The second stage, division of the cell... cytoplasm
Each chromosome... consists of two identical
mitosis.
The first stage, division of the cell nucleus,
chromosomes
Genetic information is passed from one generation... to the next
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