Study sets matching "biology mitosis"

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Study sets matching "biology mitosis"

12 terms
Biology: Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Longest part of the cell cycle... Chromosomes copied, appear a…
Mitosis begins; centrioles appear and begin to move to oppo…
Shortest phase of mitosis.... Chromatids attach to *spindle fibe…
Chromatids separate, begin to move to opposite ends, pulled…
Interphase
Longest part of the cell cycle... Chromosomes copied, appear a…
Prophase
Mitosis begins; centrioles appear and begin to move to oppo…
17 terms
Biology - Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Chromosomes copied, appear as threadlike coils at the sta…
Mitosis begins; centrioles appear and begin to move to oppo…
Chromatids attach to spindle fibers; chromosomes line in *m…
Chromatids separate, begin to move to opposite ends, pulled…
Interphase
Chromosomes copied, appear as threadlike coils at the sta…
Prophase
Mitosis begins; centrioles appear and begin to move to oppo…
10 terms
Biology: Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase 1
Metaphase 1
Anaphase 1
-Parent cell begins with a full set of chromosomes... -Duplicate…
-Nuclear membrane begins to dissolve... -Homologous chromosomes…
-Paired homologous chromosomes line up along the metaphase pl…
-Each pair of homologous chromosomes separates and are pulled…
Interphase
-Parent cell begins with a full set of chromosomes... -Duplicate…
Prophase 1
-Nuclear membrane begins to dissolve... -Homologous chromosomes…
10 terms
Biology: Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase 1
Metaphase 1
Anaphase 1
-Parent cell begins with a full set of chromosomes... -Duplicate…
-Nuclear membrane begins to dissolve... -Homologous chromosomes…
-Paired homologous chromosomes line up along the metaphase pl…
-Each pair of homologous chromosomes separates and are pulled…
Interphase
-Parent cell begins with a full set of chromosomes... -Duplicate…
Prophase 1
-Nuclear membrane begins to dissolve... -Homologous chromosomes…
Biology - Mitosis
mitosis
main event of mitosis
Number of chromosomes in a human cell
The first step of mitosos
simple cell division; one parent call divides into two identi…
sister chromatids separate and provide identical copies of DN…
46
A cell makes more organelles, like ribosomes, endoplasmic ret…
mitosis
simple cell division; one parent call divides into two identi…
main event of mitosis
sister chromatids separate and provide identical copies of DN…
34 terms
Biology Mitosis
Name the four phases of the cell cycle…
What happens in G1?
What happens in S?
What happens in G2?
G1, S, G2, and M
Cell growth
DNA is duplicated
Cell preps for divsion
Name the four phases of the cell cycle…
G1, S, G2, and M
What happens in G1?
Cell growth
77 terms
Biology Mitosis
During mitosis, duplicated chromosomes…
Stages of mitosis
Prophase
prometaphase
...
cohesions join sister chromatids of duplicated chromosome, tu…
microtubules attach to kinetochores
During mitosis, duplicated chromosomes…
...
Stages of mitosis
15 terms
Biology - Mitosis / Mitosis
Cells need to have large enough surfac…
Volume increases much faster than...
With higher volume but smaller surface…
If a cell become large than what happens
effectively exchange food and waste
Surface area
get all the food and materials that it needs to function
the information stored inside DNA will not be able to meet la…
Cells need to have large enough surfac…
effectively exchange food and waste
Volume increases much faster than...
Surface area
MItosis BIOLOGY
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
- For cell: growth, asexual reproduction,replacement
- Cell grows and develops... - DNA replicates, producing two co…
- Chromosomes condense and become visible.... - Spindle fibers e…
- Chromosomes are lined up ... - Each sister chromatids is attac…
Mitosis
- For cell: growth, asexual reproduction,replacement
Interphase
- Cell grows and develops... - DNA replicates, producing two co…
Biology: Mitosis
cell division occurs in a series of
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
stages or phases
chromosomes are copied(# doubles)... chromosomes appear as threa…
mitosis begins (cells begin to divide)... centrioles or poles ap…
chromatids(or pairs of chromosomes) attach to the spindle fib…
cell division occurs in a series of
stages or phases
Interphase
chromosomes are copied(# doubles)... chromosomes appear as threa…
19 terms
Biology Mitosis Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Process of division in eukaryotic cells. Misosis is the divis…
The first stage of mitosis, in which the chromatin condenses…
The third stage of mitosis, in which the spindle is complete…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
Process of division in eukaryotic cells. Misosis is the divis…
Biology- Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Prometaphase
Metaphase
NOT PART OF MITOSIS!!!!... - Growth... - Replication of DNA... - Prepa…
STAGE 1... * Chromosomes form... * Nuclear envelope breaks down... - I…
* Chromosomes begin to migrate to cell equator (the middle)
STAGE 2... * Chromosomes line up @ metaphase plate... - spindles AT…
Interphase
NOT PART OF MITOSIS!!!!... - Growth... - Replication of DNA... - Prepa…
Prophase
STAGE 1... * Chromosomes form... * Nuclear envelope breaks down... - I…
14 terms
Biology: Mitosis
Mitosis
Interphase
G1 Chromosomes
S Stage Chromosomes
The process by which new body cells are produced for growth a…
Most of the cells metabolic functions are carried out and the…
Aren't visible and they go through a period of rapid growth.
They are replicated in the nucleus; the chromosomes shorten,…
Mitosis
The process by which new body cells are produced for growth a…
Interphase
Most of the cells metabolic functions are carried out and the…
30 terms
Biology - Mitosis
Cells need to have large enough surfac…
Volume increases much faster than...
With higher volume but smaller surface…
DNA 'overload' - If a cell become too…
effectively exchange food and waste
Surface area
get all the food and materials that it needs to function
the information stored inside DNA will not be able to meet la…
Cells need to have large enough surfac…
effectively exchange food and waste
Volume increases much faster than...
Surface area
38 terms
Biology-Mitosis
chromosomes
Histone
nonhistone
Chromatin
rod-shaped structures made of tightly coiled DNA and proteins
protein in charge of packaging DNA
protein in charge of activity
loose coiled DNA "spaghetti"
chromosomes
rod-shaped structures made of tightly coiled DNA and proteins
Histone
protein in charge of packaging DNA
23 terms
biology (mitosis)
characteristics of sexual reproduction
characteristics of asexual reproduction
binary fission
budding
- two parents... - offspring are a mixture of both parents... - spe…
- one parent... - offspring are clones of the parent... - no specia…
- type of asexual reproduction... - occurs in prokaryotes... - two…
- type of asexual reproduction... - bud is smaller... > can fall of…
characteristics of sexual reproduction
- two parents... - offspring are a mixture of both parents... - spe…
characteristics of asexual reproduction
- one parent... - offspring are clones of the parent... - no specia…
15 terms
BV Biology Mitosis
metaphase
anaphase
prophase
spindle fibers
What phase is shown here?
What phase is shown here?
What phase is this now that the DNA has started to condense?
what are the thin fibers surrounding the sister chromatids?
metaphase
What phase is shown here?
anaphase
What phase is shown here?
Biology- Mitosis
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
prophase
chromatin condenses into chromosomes
chromosomes align in center of cell
longest part of cell cycle
nuclear envelope breaks down
prophase
chromatin condenses into chromosomes
metaphase
chromosomes align in center of cell
BIOLOGY MITOSIS
What does DNA mean?
What does DNA do?
Who EXPERIMENTED that DNA is the GENET…
Who PROPOSED that DNA is made of TWO C…
D-deoxyriboN-nucleic A-acid
Determines an organisms traits by determining the structure
Hershey and Chase
Watson and Crick
What does DNA mean?
D-deoxyriboN-nucleic A-acid
What does DNA do?
Determines an organisms traits by determining the structure
29 terms
Mitosis - AP Biology
G1 Phase
G0 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
First stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs it…
Cell is performing its normal functions, but has left the cel…
The synthesis phase of the cell cycle; the portion of interph…
Last stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs its…
G1 Phase
First stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs it…
G0 Phase
Cell is performing its normal functions, but has left the cel…
74 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
producing new gametes
all body cells
sex cells
function of mitosis
function of meiosis
location of mitosis
location of meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
function of mitosis
producing new gametes
function of meiosis
Biology Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
The resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
The first stage of mitosis or meiosis in eukaryotic cell divi…
The stage in mitosis or meiosis in which the duplicated chrom…
The stage in mitosis or meiosis following metaphase in which…
Interphase
The resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
Prophase
The first stage of mitosis or meiosis in eukaryotic cell divi…
24 terms
AP Biology: Mitosis
G1 Phase
G0 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
First stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs it…
Cell is performing its normal functions, but has left the cel…
The synthesis phase of the cell cycle; the portion of interph…
Last stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs its…
G1 Phase
First stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs it…
G0 Phase
Cell is performing its normal functions, but has left the cel…
16 terms
Mitosis Biology
Interphase
Interphase
8
Centriole
Longest phase of the cell cycle
A cell spends most of its life in
If a fruit fly has 8 chromosomes. After mitosis, you would ex…
Interphase
Longest phase of the cell cycle
Interphase
A cell spends most of its life in
Biology-Mitosis
interphase
prophase
prophase
prophase
step in which nuclear membrane is present and Chromosomes are…
step in which chromosomes condense
step in which each chromosome possesses two chromatids.
the step in which the mitotic spindle forms
interphase
step in which nuclear membrane is present and Chromosomes are…
prophase
step in which chromosomes condense
Mitosis (Biology)
Mitosis
Genome
Chromatin
Chromosome
A type of cell division that results in 2 daughter cells each…
The complete set of genes or genetic material present in a ce…
The material of which the chromosomes of organisms are compos…
A thread-like structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
Mitosis
A type of cell division that results in 2 daughter cells each…
Genome
The complete set of genes or genetic material present in a ce…
29 terms
Biology Mitosis
the sister chromatids are moving apart
the nucleolus begins to fade from view
a new nuclear membrane is forming arou…
the cytoplasm of the cell is being div…
anaphase
prophase
telophase
cytokinesis
the sister chromatids are moving apart
anaphase
the nucleolus begins to fade from view
prophase
42 terms
Biology: Mitosis
Cell Division: What divides?
2 Types of Cell Division
Reproductive Cell Division
Gametes
-nucleus divides... -cytoplasm divides - cytokinesis
-reproductive cell division... -somatic cell division
-helps form gametes... -involves nuclear division
sex cells - sperm and egg
Cell Division: What divides?
-nucleus divides... -cytoplasm divides - cytokinesis
2 Types of Cell Division
-reproductive cell division... -somatic cell division
biology:mitosis
interphase
prophase
prometaphase
metaphase
cell grows, copies DNA, and organelles
chromatin condenses to chromosomes... nucleolus disappears... spind…
spindle mictrotubules reach the chromosomes... nuclear envelope…
chromosomes align in the middle... the kinetochores of the siste…
interphase
cell grows, copies DNA, and organelles
prophase
chromatin condenses to chromosomes... nucleolus disappears... spind…
Mitosis (Biology)
Mitosis
Cell cycle consists of three phases
Interphase
G1 phase... (FIRST STAGE) of interphase... (…
Mitosis is the process in which a eukaryotic cell nucleus spl…
Interphase... Mitosis... Cytokinesis
-major growth phase of cell cycle... - divided into 3 stages: G1…
- G stands for gap---the time btween cell division and DNA re…
Mitosis
Mitosis is the process in which a eukaryotic cell nucleus spl…
Cell cycle consists of three phases
Interphase... Mitosis... Cytokinesis
52 terms
AP Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
two
genome
chromosomes
chromatin
How many daughter cells are produced in mitosis?
-consists of all the DNA in a cell... -holds specific genetic tr…
-packages in a cell which contain DNA molecules... -humans have…
-makes up chromosomes... -complex of DNA and protein
two
How many daughter cells are produced in mitosis?
genome
-consists of all the DNA in a cell... -holds specific genetic tr…
Biology- Mitosis
Interphase(I)
1 Prophase (pooped)
2. Metaphase (magic)
3. Anaphase (at)
cell grows and copies DNA
DNA coils into compact x shaped molecules called chromosomes
DNA begins to line up in the middle of the cell part
chromosomes (coiled DNA) begins to get pulled to the ends of…
Interphase(I)
cell grows and copies DNA
1 Prophase (pooped)
DNA coils into compact x shaped molecules called chromosomes
43 terms
Biology- Mitosis
What part of a cell actually divides d…
What is another name for mitosis?
What type of cell does mitosis occur i…
What type of cell does NOT undergo mit…
nucleus
karyokinesis
eukaryotic; they have a nucleus
brain cells
What part of a cell actually divides d…
nucleus
What is another name for mitosis?
karyokinesis
52 terms
AP Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
two
genome
chromosomes
chromatin
How many daughter cells are produced in mitosis?
-consists of all the DNA in a cell... -holds specific genetic tr…
-packages in a cell which contain DNA molecules... -humans have…
-makes up chromosomes... -complex of DNA and protein
two
How many daughter cells are produced in mitosis?
genome
-consists of all the DNA in a cell... -holds specific genetic tr…
29 terms
Biology Mitosis
the sister chromatids are moving apart
the nucleolus begins to fade from view
a new nuclear membrane is forming arou…
the cytoplasm of the cell is being div…
anaphase
prophase
telophase
cytokinesis
the sister chromatids are moving apart
anaphase
the nucleolus begins to fade from view
prophase
biology mitosis
Mitosis
When does mitosis happen?
What happens to the nucleus in mitosis?
What are the 4 phases of mitosis?
for each cell the genetic material is the same
unicellular organisms are reproducing; when multicellular org…
the nucleus is being divided
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
Mitosis
for each cell the genetic material is the same
When does mitosis happen?
unicellular organisms are reproducing; when multicellular org…
Mitosis Biology
what does IPMAT mean?
what does Interphase mean?
what does Prophase mean?
what does Metaphase mean?
Interphase... Prophase ... Metaphase ... Anaphase ... Telophase
cell is not in Mitosis... DNA uncoiled
DNA is starting to wind up into tight packaged chromosomes... T…
Chromosomes line u in the middle of the cell... spindle fiber o…
what does IPMAT mean?
Interphase... Prophase ... Metaphase ... Anaphase ... Telophase
what does Interphase mean?
cell is not in Mitosis... DNA uncoiled
22 terms
Biology - Mitosis, Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Chromosomes copied, appear as threadlike coils at the sta…
Mitosis begins; centrioles appear and begin to move to oppo…
Chromatids attach to spindle fibers; chromosomes line in *m…
Chromatids separate, begin to move to opposite ends, pulled…
Interphase
Chromosomes copied, appear as threadlike coils at the sta…
Prophase
Mitosis begins; centrioles appear and begin to move to oppo…
15 terms
Biology mitosis
Somatic cells
Chromosomes
Genome
Centrosome
All body cells not including reproductive cells and gametes... I…
Consist of two identical sister chromatids attached together…
All of the genetic info or Hederetary material possessed by a…
Region where centrioles lie and is in both plant and animal c…
Somatic cells
All body cells not including reproductive cells and gametes... I…
Chromosomes
Consist of two identical sister chromatids attached together…
Biology: Mitosis
Why do cells divide and not grow?
What is cell division?
What has to happen to the DNA before a…
What is a chromosome?
The larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell places o…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The cell replicates, or copies all of its DNA. The replica of…
Genetic information is bundled into packages of DNA known as…
Why do cells divide and not grow?
The larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell places o…
What is cell division?
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
36 terms
Biology - Mitosis
What is Mitosis?
What must happen before mitosis can oc…
Uncontrolled cell growth result in what?
What do chromosomes contain?
Division of the nucleus
The cell's DNA must be replicated to provide the necessary ge…
Cancer
The genetic DNA passed from one generation to another
What is Mitosis?
Division of the nucleus
What must happen before mitosis can oc…
The cell's DNA must be replicated to provide the necessary ge…
Mitosis - AP Biology
G1 Phase
G0 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
First stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs it…
Cell is performing its normal functions, but has left the cel…
The synthesis phase of the cell cycle; the portion of interph…
Last stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs its…
G1 Phase
First stage of interphase in which cell grows and performs it…
G0 Phase
Cell is performing its normal functions, but has left the cel…
26 terms
Biology/mitosis
Why is reproduction necessary?
What are the two types of reproduction?
What is asexual reproduction?
What is mitosis?
For survival of species
Sexual and asexual
Involves one parent and the daughter cells are identical to t…
Process to reproduce.
Why is reproduction necessary?
For survival of species
What are the two types of reproduction?
Sexual and asexual
Biology Mitosis
Interphase and events
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
~ G1 Phase: General Cell Growth and Organelle Replication... ~ S…
~ Nucleolus and nuclear membrane disappear... ~ Asters start mov…
~ Chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell... ~ Chromosomes…
~ Chromatids reach opposite ends... ~ Spindle fibers shorten... ~ C…
Interphase and events
~ G1 Phase: General Cell Growth and Organelle Replication... ~ S…
Prophase
~ Nucleolus and nuclear membrane disappear... ~ Asters start mov…
33 terms
Biology: Mitosis
Interphase
Centriole
Diploid
Chromatid
*Most cell activity occurs... *The time between cell divisions
*Structure in animal cells that helps organize cell division
*Cell contains 2 types of chromosomes
*One of 2 identical parts of an identical chromosome
Interphase
*Most cell activity occurs... *The time between cell divisions
Centriole
*Structure in animal cells that helps organize cell division
9 terms
Biology Mitosis
chromosomes
chromatin
cell division
cell cycle
DNA-containing structure that carries genetic material from o…
Relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell
Process of reproduction and growth by which a cell divides to…
Process of cellular reproduction, occurring 3 main stages - i…
chromosomes
DNA-containing structure that carries genetic material from o…
chromatin
Relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell
26 terms
Mitosis- Biology
Mitosis
4
Prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and tel…
Interphase
Process in which the cell nucleus is divided into two nuclei
How many phases does mitosis take place in?
What are the main phases of Mitosis?
The period between one mitosis and the next is called ______
Mitosis
Process in which the cell nucleus is divided into two nuclei
4
How many phases does mitosis take place in?
31 terms
Biology - Mitosis
centromere
chromatin
chromosome
spindle
the area on a double-stranded chromosome where two sister chr…
thin threads of DNA and associated protein
condensed chromatin, visible during cell division
an arrangement of microtubules that guides the movement of ch…
centromere
the area on a double-stranded chromosome where two sister chr…
chromatin
thin threads of DNA and associated protein
9 terms
Biology-Mitosis
Interphase
G1
S-Phase
G2
Cell growth... Normal functions... Makes copy of DNA
A cell carries out its normal functions ... Cells increase in si…
Makes copy of Nuclear DNA
Continue to carry out normal functions ... Additional growth
Interphase
Cell growth... Normal functions... Makes copy of DNA
G1
A cell carries out its normal functions ... Cells increase in si…
biology mitosis
interphase
G1
S
G2
the stage where the cell grows, carries out cellular function…
the cell is growing, carrying out normal cell functions, and…
the cell copies its DNA in Preparation for cell division
the cell prepares for the division of its nucleus
interphase
the stage where the cell grows, carries out cellular function…
G1
the cell is growing, carrying out normal cell functions, and…
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