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Study sets matching "biology nervous system structure"

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Study sets matching "biology nervous system structure"

14 terms
Biology - Nervous System Structure
Cell body
Dendrites
Axon
Central nervous system
Largest part of a typical neuron; contains the nucleus and mu…
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
Brain and spinal cord
Cell body
Largest part of a typical neuron; contains the nucleus and mu…
Dendrites
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
17 terms
Biology: Structure of the Nervous System
central nervous system
brain
spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
consists of the brain and the spinal cord
the mass of nerve tissue that is the main control center of t…
nerves that run up and down the length of the back and transm…
a division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
central nervous system
consists of the brain and the spinal cord
brain
the mass of nerve tissue that is the main control center of t…
Biology, Chapter 33.1, Structure of the Nervous System
neuron
dendrite
cell body
axon
specialized cells that help you gather information about your…
region of a neuron that receives signals called impulses from…
contains the nucleus of the neuron and many of the cell organ…
carries the nerve impulse from the cell body to other neurons…
neuron
specialized cells that help you gather information about your…
dendrite
region of a neuron that receives signals called impulses from…
20 terms
Biology- Nervous System Structure Functions
Pariental Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Cerebellum
Brainstem
Controls temperature, taste, touch and movement
Controls visual processing
Controls posture and balance
Controls life functions
Pariental Lobe
Controls temperature, taste, touch and movement
Occipital Lobe
Controls visual processing
38 terms
The Nervous System Structure and Function-Biology
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
What are the two parts of the PNS?
Autonomic Division... (Part of PNS)
•The brain and spinal chord
•Sensory and motor neurons outside of the brain and spinal ch…
•Autonomic Division... •Somatic Division
•Involuntary responses... •Involved with smooth muscles... •Control…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
•The brain and spinal chord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
•Sensory and motor neurons outside of the brain and spinal ch…
90 terms
EK Biology 2: The Nervous System (through structure of the nervous system)
nervous system/neurotransmitter proper…
endocrine system
paracrine system
electrical signals travel along ______…
fast, specific, fleeting, short-lived... like muscle contractio…
slow, more general, more sustained, hormones travel across th…
lies somewhere in between these extremes
electrical - along neurons... chemical - across gaps of neurons
nervous system/neurotransmitter proper…
fast, specific, fleeting, short-lived... like muscle contractio…
endocrine system
slow, more general, more sustained, hormones travel across th…
91 terms
EK Biology 2: The Nervous System (through structure of the nervous system)
nervous system/neurotransmitter proper…
endocrine system
paracrine system
electrical signals travel along ______…
fast, specific, fleeting, short-lived;... like muscle contracti…
slow, more general, more sustained, hormones travel across th…
lies somewhere in between these extremes
electrical - along neurons... chemical - across gaps of neurons
nervous system/neurotransmitter proper…
fast, specific, fleeting, short-lived;... like muscle contracti…
endocrine system
slow, more general, more sustained, hormones travel across th…
80 terms
EK Biology 2: The Nervous System (through structure of the nervous system)
Neurons; across gaps of neurons
neuron
dendrites
frequency of firing
electrical signals travel along ______ while chemical signals…
cell capable of transmitting a signal from one cell to anothe…
receive signal to be transmitted, can receive many signals at…
mediates stimulus intensity - higher intensity signals will f…
Neurons; across gaps of neurons
electrical signals travel along ______ while chemical signals…
neuron
cell capable of transmitting a signal from one cell to anothe…
46 terms
Biology 11.1: Nervous System - Structures and Processes
CNS
PNS
motor pathways
sympathetic vs. parasympathetic
brain and spinal cord; integrates and processes info sent by…
includes nerves that carry sensory messages to the CNS and ne…
a subdivision of the PNS; consists of the SOMATIC nervous sys…
subdivisions of the autonomic nervous system (which is a subd…
CNS
brain and spinal cord; integrates and processes info sent by…
PNS
includes nerves that carry sensory messages to the CNS and ne…
Nervous System Cells and Structure
sensory input
integration
motor output
CNS
function of the nervous system that monitors stimuli that hap…
function of the nervous system that processes sensory input a…
function of the nervous system that causes a response
central nervous system
sensory input
function of the nervous system that monitors stimuli that hap…
integration
function of the nervous system that processes sensory input a…
56 terms
DAA: Nervous System - Structure
What are the structures of the CNS?
What are the structures of the PNS?
What is the Somatic Nervous system?
What is the Autonomic Nervous system?
1) Brain ... 2) Spinal Cord... 3) Neuroglial cells... 4) Components de…
1) Cranial and Spinal nerves... 2) Visceral nerves and plexuses…
Innervation of the skeletal muscles, joints, etc.... Concerned w…
Visceral nervous system... -Innervation of the viscera - smooth…
What are the structures of the CNS?
1) Brain ... 2) Spinal Cord... 3) Neuroglial cells... 4) Components de…
What are the structures of the PNS?
1) Cranial and Spinal nerves... 2) Visceral nerves and plexuses…
46 terms
Biology-Cell Structure, Membrane, Nervous system, and Photosynthesis
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane Function
Organelles
Endomembrane system
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
1. Boundary between outside and inside of cell... 2. divides cyt…
A cell component that performs a specific function for the cell
A system of organelles (nuclear envelope, ER, Golgi, vesicles…
Cell Theory
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
Plasma Membrane Function
1. Boundary between outside and inside of cell... 2. divides cyt…
13 terms
Biology ch41 structures of nervous system
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Sensory neuron
Motor neuron
Brain and spinal cord
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
Neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
Neurons that carry outgoing information from the brain and sp…
Central nervous system
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
17 terms
Structural Classification-Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Astrocyte
Oligodendrocyte
The brain & spinal cord
The cranial & spinal nerves of the nervous system
Cells that maintain the K+ levels in the nervous system, as w…
Cells that make myelin sheath for the CNS
Central Nervous System
The brain & spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
The cranial & spinal nerves of the nervous system
26 terms
Nervous System Structure and Function
Peripheral Nervous System
Central Nervous System
nervous tissue
Sensory Function
nerves outside the brain and spinal cord
nerves of the brain and spinal cord
neurons (cell)... neuroglial cells
PNS... Gathers information carried from the central nervous system
Peripheral Nervous System
nerves outside the brain and spinal cord
Central Nervous System
nerves of the brain and spinal cord
10 terms
structure of the nervous system
neuron
dendrites
cell body
axon
a specialized cell that helps you gather information
receive signals called impulses
where the nucleus and other organelles of the neuron are found.
carries impulse from the cell body to other neurons
neuron
a specialized cell that helps you gather information
dendrites
receive signals called impulses
17 terms
STRUCTURE OF NERVOUS SYSTEM
anterior root of spinal nerve
posterior root of spinal nerve
arachnoid mater
central canal of spinal cord
anterior root of spinal nerve
posterior root of spinal nerve
10 terms
Structure of the Nervous System
Neuron
Dendrites
Cell Body
Axon
specialized cell that helps you gather information about your…
receive signals called impulses
the nucleus and other organelles of the neuron
carries the impulse from the cell body to the other neurons a…
Neuron
specialized cell that helps you gather information about your…
Dendrites
receive signals called impulses
24 terms
Nervous system & neuron structure
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Cranial nerves
spinal nerves
Brain and spinal cord. contains neural tissue, connective tis…
includes all neural tissue outside CNS
connect to brain
attach to spinal cord
central nervous system (CNS)
Brain and spinal cord. contains neural tissue, connective tis…
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
includes all neural tissue outside CNS
15 terms
Nervous System Structure
Neurons
Neuroglia (Glial cells)
Cell body
Dendrite
...
...
Neurons
...
Neuroglia (Glial cells)
...
10 terms
Structure of the Nervous System
Neuron
Dendrites
Cell Body
Axon
A specialized cell that helps gather information about a pers…
Receive impulses and send signals to the cell body.
Where the nucleus and other organelles of the neuron are found.
Carries impulses from the cell body to other neurons and musc…
Neuron
A specialized cell that helps gather information about a pers…
Dendrites
Receive impulses and send signals to the cell body.
28 terms
Structure and Function: Nervous system
Brain and spinal cord
Spinal and cranial nerves
Motor/efferent
Somatic
structural classification of CNS
structural classification of PNS
PNS nerve fibers that carry impulses AWAY and activate muscle…
voluntary nervous system
Brain and spinal cord
structural classification of CNS
Spinal and cranial nerves
structural classification of PNS
73 terms
Structure and Function - Nervous System
What are the 4 steps in sensing pain?
What is transduction?
What is transmission?
What is perception?
1. Transduction... 2. transmission... 3. perception... 4. modulation
stimuli transduced into electrical neural activity by periphe…
nociceptor afferents transmit pain signals to spinal cord and…
perception involves central nociceptive transmission in spina…
What are the 4 steps in sensing pain?
1. Transduction... 2. transmission... 3. perception... 4. modulation
What is transduction?
stimuli transduced into electrical neural activity by periphe…
21 terms
Nervous System Structures
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Brain Stem
Spinal Cord
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
10 terms
Structure of the nervous system
Neuron
Dendrites
Cell body
Axon
a specialized cell that helps you gather information about yo…
Receive signals called impulses
the nucleus and other organelles found in
Carries the impulse from the cell body to other neurons and m…
Neuron
a specialized cell that helps you gather information about yo…
Dendrites
Receive signals called impulses
30 terms
Nervous System- Structure & Function
Organs are divides into two groups:
Central Nervous System organs include
Peripheral Nervous System organs include
Organs perform 3 main functions which…
Cental Nervous System (CNS) ... Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Brain and spinal cord
Nerves
Sensory ... Integration ... Motor Output
Organs are divides into two groups:
Cental Nervous System (CNS) ... Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Central Nervous System organs include
Brain and spinal cord
20 terms
Nervous System - AP Biology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
Brain and spinal cord
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
system that controls the excitatory response
system that controls calming response
Central Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
54 terms
Structure and Function of the Nervous System
What is the major function of the occi…
What is the major function of the temp…
What is the major function of the pari…
What is the major function of the fron…
Visual; memories, images, association. Also involved in langu…
Auditory; storage of sounds as memory, contains 'Wernicke's s…
Sensory and motor; receive and ID sensory information, concep…
Thought; planning, motivation, social interactions.
What is the major function of the occi…
Visual; memories, images, association. Also involved in langu…
What is the major function of the temp…
Auditory; storage of sounds as memory, contains 'Wernicke's s…
37 terms
Nervous system (structure)
neurology
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
afferent divison in PNS
the study of the nervous system
the brain and spinal cord:... - centre of integration and interp…
all nervous tissue outside of the CNS. It consists of two div…
Brings sensory information along sensory neurons to the CNS f…
neurology
the study of the nervous system
central nervous system (CNS)
the brain and spinal cord:... - centre of integration and interp…
51 terms
The Nervous System: Structure and Function
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
located within the skull and spine
outside the skull and spine
-division of the PNS... -interacts with environment... -efferent an…
-division of the PNS... -regulates body's internal environment…
Central Nervous System
located within the skull and spine
Peripheral Nervous System
outside the skull and spine
43 terms
Nervous System Structure
central nervous system
cerebrum
sagittal fissure
right hemisphere
consists of the brain and spinal cord
most rostral and largest part of the brain
fissure separating the cerebral hemispheres
hemisphere that receives sensations from and controls movemen…
central nervous system
consists of the brain and spinal cord
cerebrum
most rostral and largest part of the brain
122 terms
Structures of the Nervous System
cerebrum (telencephalon)
cerebral cortex
gyrus
sulcus
Largest Part of the Brain, one of 4 major parts; For intellig…
Outer part of Brain/surface of cerebral hemispheres. 2-4 MM t…
One of the folds of Cerebral Cortex(the bump)... (Structure S)
A groove or depression between folds (gyri)... (Structure R)
cerebrum (telencephalon)
Largest Part of the Brain, one of 4 major parts; For intellig…
cerebral cortex
Outer part of Brain/surface of cerebral hemispheres. 2-4 MM t…
63 terms
Nervous System Structure
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Brain Stem
Spinal Cord
two hemispheres, right receives input from and controls movem…
contains as many neurons as cerebrum, movement control, many…
relay center, regulates body temperature, breathing, consciou…
encased in vertebral column, spinal nerves part of peripheral…
Cerebrum
two hemispheres, right receives input from and controls movem…
Cerebellum
contains as many neurons as cerebrum, movement control, many…
Nervous System -Neuron Structure
Cell Body of Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
Axon Hillock
Cell Body of Neuron
Dendrites
41 terms
Structure of Nervous System
The Brain
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Brain Stem
Includes: Cerebrum, Cerebellum, and Brain Stem
Rostral-most and largest part of the brain; Contains two hemi…
Primarily movement control center; communicates ipsilaterally
(1) Relays info. from cerebrum and spinal cord (2) Regulates…
The Brain
Includes: Cerebrum, Cerebellum, and Brain Stem
Cerebrum
Rostral-most and largest part of the brain; Contains two hemi…
11 terms
Structure of the Nervous System
Neurons
Nervous System
Neurons regions
Types of neurons
-Nerve cell that helps you gather info. about environment. ... -…
Huge communication network in your body.
-Dendrites: Receive signals called impulse, funnel the signal…
All neurons have the same 3 regions. Each type performs a dif…
Neurons
-Nerve cell that helps you gather info. about environment. ... -…
Nervous System
Huge communication network in your body.
19 terms
Bio: Structure of Nervous System
nervous system
central nervous system is made up of...
peripheral nervous system is made up o…
meninges
highly organized network of cells that detect changes, commun…
brain and spinal cord
any neurons not part of the brain or spinal cord
layer of connective tissue that surrounds the brain and spina…
nervous system
highly organized network of cells that detect changes, commun…
central nervous system is made up of...
brain and spinal cord
45 terms
7 Nervous System Structure
Formation of CNS (& PNS)
NEURAL TUBE begets?
NEURAL CREST begets?
process by which NEURAL PLATE becomes…
ectoderm->NEURAL PLATE-> folds NEURAL GROOVE --> walls of gro…
CNS
PNS
neurulation
Formation of CNS (& PNS)
ectoderm->NEURAL PLATE-> folds NEURAL GROOVE --> walls of gro…
NEURAL TUBE begets?
CNS
51 terms
1. The Structure of the nervous System
The nervous system is collection of ce…
Lets talk about the nerve cells that a…
What are sensory neurons?
What are motor neurones?
There is structural division of the nervous system: ... Central…
There are 3 types of nerve cells in the nervous system:... 1. Se…
These are AFFERENT NEURONS. ... They transmit sensory informatio…
There are EFFERENT NEURONS. ... They transmit motor information…
The nervous system is collection of ce…
There is structural division of the nervous system: ... Central…
Lets talk about the nerve cells that a…
There are 3 types of nerve cells in the nervous system:... 1. Se…
24 terms
Nervous system structure
Somatic PNS
Visceral (autonomic) PNS
Afferent
Meninges
-spinal nerves that innervate skin... motor neurons: axons in PN…
-involuntary... -sensory functions... -organs, glands, blood vessels
Axons that bring information to the CNS
-dura mater... -subdural space... -arachnoid... -subarachnoid space... -p…
Somatic PNS
-spinal nerves that innervate skin... motor neurons: axons in PN…
Visceral (autonomic) PNS
-involuntary... -sensory functions... -organs, glands, blood vessels
112 terms
Structure of Nervous System
Neuraxis
Anterior/Rostral
Posterior/Caudal
Dorsal
an imaginary line drawn through the center of the length of t…
toward the head
toward the tail
toward the back (or top of head)
Neuraxis
an imaginary line drawn through the center of the length of t…
Anterior/Rostral
toward the head
29 terms
Nervous System: Structure & Function
Cranial Nerves
Spinal Nerves
Dorsal root
Ventral root
12 pairs; transmission of sensory & motor info associated wit…
31 pairs; made up of a dorsal (BACK) and ventral (FRONT)
sensory pathways leading from the body to the spinal cord
motor pathways from the spinal cord to the muscles
Cranial Nerves
12 pairs; transmission of sensory & motor info associated wit…
Spinal Nerves
31 pairs; made up of a dorsal (BACK) and ventral (FRONT)
113 terms
Structure List of the Nervous System
cell body
nucleus of neuron
nucleolus
chromatophilic substance (Nissl bodies)
cell body
nucleus of neuron
70 terms
Structure of Nervous System 7
cerebrum
cerebellum
brain stem
Spinal nerves
split into two hemispheres. Contralateral communication.
primarily movement control center. Left side of the cerebellu…
Vital life functions. Relay center. Can sustain damage to oth…
part of PNS. How spinal cord communicates with the body. Exit…
cerebrum
split into two hemispheres. Contralateral communication.
cerebellum
primarily movement control center. Left side of the cerebellu…
122 terms
Structures of the Nervous System
cerebrum (telencephalon)
cerebral cortex
gyrus
sulcus
Largest Part of the Brain, one of 4 major parts; For intellig…
Outer part of Brain/surface of cerebral hemispheres. 2-4 MM t…
One of the folds of Cerebral Cortex(the bump)... (Structure S)
A groove or depression between folds (gyri)... (Structure R)
cerebrum (telencephalon)
Largest Part of the Brain, one of 4 major parts; For intellig…
cerebral cortex
Outer part of Brain/surface of cerebral hemispheres. 2-4 MM t…
237 terms
Neurohistology & Nervous System Structure
What integrates information between se…
What are the three germ layers?
Nervous tissue is derived from?
What is neural induction?
Interneurons
Ectoderm... Mesoderm... Endoderm
Ectoderm
Chordamesoderm/notochord signalling to ECTODERM to form neura…
What integrates information between se…
Interneurons
What are the three germ layers?
Ectoderm... Mesoderm... Endoderm
237 terms
Neurohistology & Nervous System Structure
What integrates information between se…
What are the three germ layers?
Nervous tissue is derived from?
What is neural induction?
Interneurons
Ectoderm... Mesoderm... Endoderm
Ectoderm
Chordamesoderm/notochord signalling to ECTODERM to form neura…
What integrates information between se…
Interneurons
What are the three germ layers?
Ectoderm... Mesoderm... Endoderm
20 terms
Nervous System - AP Biology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
Brain and spinal cord
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
system that controls the excitatory response
system that controls calming response
Central Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
All the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord to the…
79 terms
Nervous System Structure
CNS
PNS
afferent
efferent
brain (cerebrum, cerebellum, brainstem) and spinal cord
spinal nerves, cranial nerves, autonomic and somatic motor sy…
sensory nerves
motor nerves
CNS
brain (cerebrum, cerebellum, brainstem) and spinal cord
PNS
spinal nerves, cranial nerves, autonomic and somatic motor sy…
24 terms
Structure of the nervous system
Coronal
sagittal
horizonal
White matter
vertical body plane, divides body into front and back section…
A plane that divides the body into right and left portions.
top and bottom
mylinated axons
Coronal
vertical body plane, divides body into front and back section…
sagittal
A plane that divides the body into right and left portions.
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