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Study sets matching "biology nervous system"

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Study sets matching "biology nervous system"

28 terms
Human Biology Nervous System
Sensory neuron
Relay neuron
Motor neuron
Axon
The nerve cell that carries impulses from a sense receptor to…
The nerve cell that connects sensory and motor neurons
The nerve cell that transmits impulses from the brain or spin…
The long fiber that carries the nerve impulses
Sensory neuron
The nerve cell that carries impulses from a sense receptor to…
Relay neuron
The nerve cell that connects sensory and motor neurons
32 terms
AP Biology Nervous System
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Motor Division
The network of nerve cells and fibers that transmits nerve im…
Consists of the brain and spinal cord.
Neurons that branch off of the central nervous systems.
Afferent. Sends information away from the Central Nervous sys…
Nervous System
The network of nerve cells and fibers that transmits nerve im…
Central Nervous System
Consists of the brain and spinal cord.
15 terms
Biology: Nervous System
Sensitivity
Cell body
Dendron
Axon
Ability to respond to a stimulus
Contains a nucleus, cytoplasm and cell surface membrane and o…
Nerve fibres that transmit nerve impulses towards the cell body
Nerve fibres that transmit nerve impulses away from cell body
Sensitivity
Ability to respond to a stimulus
Cell body
Contains a nucleus, cytoplasm and cell surface membrane and o…
31 terms
Biology: Nervous System
Neurotransmitters
Dopamine
Serotonin
Ciliary Muscle
Chemical messengers of nervous system
increases alertness, arousal, memory, needed for movement con…
Happiness neurotransmitter
Controls shape of lens in eye. Controlled by parasympathetic…
Neurotransmitters
Chemical messengers of nervous system
Dopamine
increases alertness, arousal, memory, needed for movement con…
16 terms
Biology The Nervous System
CNS (central nervous system)
PNS (peripheral nervous system)
Dendrites
Cell body
Brain and spinal cord
Nerves
Highly branched extensions of the cell body that receives inf…
Contains the nucleus
CNS (central nervous system)
Brain and spinal cord
PNS (peripheral nervous system)
Nerves
52 terms
AP biology Nervous System
Tracts
Gyri
Sulci
Fissure
Neuron Process in the CNS
Ridge on the cerebral cortex
Groove or furrow on the surface of the brain
Groove or divisor, deeper furrow.
Tracts
Neuron Process in the CNS
Gyri
Ridge on the cerebral cortex
15 terms
Biology-Nervous System
Resting Potential
Na
K
Action Potential
3 Na+ pumped out for ever 2 K+ pumped in
3 of these ions are pumped out of the nerve cell by the sodiu…
2 of these ions are pumped into the nerve cell by the sodium-…
Stimulus acts on a neuron, depolarizing the membrane of the c…
Resting Potential
3 Na+ pumped out for ever 2 K+ pumped in
Na
3 of these ions are pumped out of the nerve cell by the sodiu…
34 terms
Biology 12 Nervous System
Neuron- cell body
Neuron- dendrites
Neuron- axon
Sensory Neurons
Contains the nucleus and other organelles
Fibres that carry signals toward the cell body
Fibre that carries signals away from the cell body
Conduct signals from sensory receptors (eyes, skin, ears, ton…
Neuron- cell body
Contains the nucleus and other organelles
Neuron- dendrites
Fibres that carry signals toward the cell body
36 terms
AP Biology Nervous System
Acetylcholine
Acetylcholinesterase
Axon
Axon Hillock
A neurotransmitter that tells muscles when to contract
An enzyme that breaks down acetylcholine after it's used
Long part that conducts action potentials (some are extremely…
Integrates information from different dendrites and decides i…
Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter that tells muscles when to contract
Acetylcholinesterase
An enzyme that breaks down acetylcholine after it's used
57 terms
Biology: Nervous System
neuron
axon
synapse
dendrite
a specialized cell that transmits nerve impulses; a nerve cell
the long threadlike part of a nerve cell where impulses are c…
space between nerve cells
a short branched extension of a nerve cell where impulses rec…
neuron
a specialized cell that transmits nerve impulses; a nerve cell
axon
the long threadlike part of a nerve cell where impulses are c…
19 terms
Biology-Nervous System
Adrendlin
Central Nervous System CNS
Peripheral Nervous System
Motor Neurone
Hormone/Liquid
Part of nervous system which is made from the body and spinal…
Part of the nervous system which is made from all the neurone…
Neurones which take signals from the CNS to an effector
Adrendlin
Hormone/Liquid
Central Nervous System CNS
Part of nervous system which is made from the body and spinal…
79 terms
biology - the nervous system
made up of the brain and spinal cord
the nervous system outside the brain a…
basic unit of function for the nervous…
part of a neuron- carries impulses tow…
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
dendrites
made up of the brain and spinal cord
central nervous system
the nervous system outside the brain a…
peripheral nervous system
5 terms
Biology: The Nervous System: 2
The primary function of the sensory di…
When you swat a fly, which type of neu…
Which division of the nervous system s…
Which of the following sensory recepto…
from sense organs to the central nervous system
motor neuron
autonomic
photo-receptors
The primary function of the sensory di…
from sense organs to the central nervous system
When you swat a fly, which type of neu…
motor neuron
43 terms
Biology 252 Nervous System
CNS
PNS
sensory (afferent)
motor (efferent)
the brain and spinal cord
a subdivision of the nervous system composed of all nerves an…
carrying toward, as in afferent neurons, which carry signals…
carrying away or out, such as blood vessel that carries blood…
CNS
the brain and spinal cord
PNS
a subdivision of the nervous system composed of all nerves an…
11 terms
biology - the nervous system
diffuse
effector
hormone
motor neurone
When particles spread out from a region of higher concentrati…
Organ which has an effect when stimulated (eg muscles or glan…
Chemical messengers produced in glands and carried by the blo…
The nerve cell that carries electrical impulses from the CNS…
diffuse
When particles spread out from a region of higher concentrati…
effector
Organ which has an effect when stimulated (eg muscles or glan…
31 terms
Biology: Nervous System
Nervous System
Divisions of Nervous System: CNS
Divisions of Nervous System: PNS
Cell body
-allows for communication between cells through sensory input…
Brain and spinal cord
Nerves and ganglia (collections of cell bodies)
main structure where nucleus and most organelles reside
Nervous System
-allows for communication between cells through sensory input…
Divisions of Nervous System: CNS
Brain and spinal cord
9 terms
Biology 7 (Nervous System)
Terminal Button
Multipolar Neurons
Bipolar Neurons
Unipolar Neurons
Axon Terminal
Have many processes on dendrites/axon terminals
1 dendrite and 1 axon on either side of cell body
1 process divides to form axon and dendrite... associated with…
Terminal Button
Axon Terminal
Multipolar Neurons
Have many processes on dendrites/axon terminals
93 terms
Biology: The Nervous System
neurons
dendrites
axon
axon collaterals
occur in most animals
extend from the cell body of a neuron... specialized to receive…
extends from the cell body of a neuron... forms branches... transmi…
formed branches on an axon
neurons
occur in most animals
dendrites
extend from the cell body of a neuron... specialized to receive…
15 terms
Biology nervous system
What does the nervous system do?
Neurone
Brain
Neurotransmitter
It detects changes in the enviroment and allows us to coordin…
Found in bundles of 100s or 1000s called nerves and carry ele…
Receives lots of information from sensory neurones all over t…
Are chemical messages which diffuse across a synapse , releas…
What does the nervous system do?
It detects changes in the enviroment and allows us to coordin…
Neurone
Found in bundles of 100s or 1000s called nerves and carry ele…
14 terms
Biology - Nervous System Structure
Cell body
Dendrites
Axon
Central nervous system
Largest part of a typical neuron; contains the nucleus and mu…
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
Brain and spinal cord
Cell body
Largest part of a typical neuron; contains the nucleus and mu…
Dendrites
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
Nervous System- Biology
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Automatic nervous system
Cerebellum
- consists of brain and spinal cord... - functions- ... 1-receives…
- consists of all nerves and ganglia that lie outside the cen…
-controls smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and glands... - divided…
receives info from sensory systems, the spinal cord, and othe…
Central nervous system
- consists of brain and spinal cord... - functions- ... 1-receives…
Peripheral nervous system
- consists of all nerves and ganglia that lie outside the cen…
78 terms
Biology Nervous and Immune System
What is a flu shot?
After one flu shot, why aren't you imm…
common allergic symptoms
What are allergic reactions a part of?
weakened form of the flu, goes into your blood stream, streng…
flus mutate quickly: often new strain each year... wears out
hives, sneezing, throat closing, swelling
the immune system
What is a flu shot?
weakened form of the flu, goes into your blood stream, streng…
After one flu shot, why aren't you imm…
flus mutate quickly: often new strain each year... wears out
44 terms
Honors Biology Nervous System
Parts of a Neuron
Cell Body
Dendrites
Axon
Cell Body, Dendrites, Axon, Synaptic Knobs, Myelin Sheath
Contains nucleus (processing)
Carry messages to cell body. (receiving)
Carries messages away from cell body (Shipping)
Parts of a Neuron
Cell Body, Dendrites, Axon, Synaptic Knobs, Myelin Sheath
Cell Body
Contains nucleus (processing)
15 terms
The nervous system and coordination biology 2016
Dendrites
Cell body
Axon
Myelin sheath
Collect information from other cells
controls metabolism of nerve cell
Extended to carry information over long distances
Electrical insulation
Dendrites
Collect information from other cells
Cell body
controls metabolism of nerve cell
9 terms
Biology Nervous System
Nervous System
Stimuli
Receptors
Sensory neurone
Enables you to react to your surrounding and coordinates your…
Detects any changes around the world
Stimulus is picked up by...
Information is pass (by electric impulses) and is picked up b…
Nervous System
Enables you to react to your surrounding and coordinates your…
Stimuli
Detects any changes around the world
14 terms
IGCSE Biology - Nervous system
Neurone
Synapse
Receptor
Sensory neurone
A specialised nerve cell
A junction between 2 neurones
Specialised cells that detect stimuli
This carries the nerve impulse from the receptor to the centr…
Neurone
A specialised nerve cell
Synapse
A junction between 2 neurones
149 terms
Biology 2 Nervous System
Largest region of the human brain, it…
The hemispheres are connected by a ban…
Each hemisphere is divided into ___.
The __ lobe is associated with evaluat…
cerebrum
corpus collosum
lobes
frontal
Largest region of the human brain, it…
cerebrum
The hemispheres are connected by a ban…
corpus collosum
21 terms
Nervous System 2 -Biology
Vision
Hearing
Touch
Taste
Optical Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Sensory Lobe
Frontal Lobe
Vision
Optical Lobe
Hearing
Temporal Lobe
16 terms
Biology: The Nervous System
Peri
Pher
Neur
Dendr
Around
To carry
A nerve, cord
A tree
Peri
Around
Pher
To carry
71 terms
Biology-Nervous System
Nervous system
Neurons and neuroglia
Neurons
Neuroglia
Responsable of controlling most body functions, enabling orga…
The nervous system is composed of...
Specialized nervous tissue.
Cells that support and protect neurons.
Nervous system
Responsable of controlling most body functions, enabling orga…
Neurons and neuroglia
The nervous system is composed of...
10 terms
Biology 30 - Nervous System
Homeostasis
Major Functions
Major Functions
Major Functions
State of stability or balance in the body.
Monitors external and internal environment.
Coordinates body functions (voluntary and involuntary).
Coordinates movement and thought.
Homeostasis
State of stability or balance in the body.
Major Functions
Monitors external and internal environment.
15 terms
biology nervous system
neurons
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
sensory neurons
functional unit of the nervous system/ cells specialized for…
brain and spinal cord
nerves that carry signals into and out of the brain and spina…
convey information from senses to CNS
neurons
functional unit of the nervous system/ cells specialized for…
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
12 terms
Biology Vocabulary: Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Autonomic Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
the brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
the part of the peripheral nervous system that controls the g…
the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls t…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
110 terms
EK Biology: Nervous System
Central Nervous system
Peripheral Nervous system
neuron
dendrite
brain and spinal cord; highest level of integration and outpu…
how the CNS transmits information to the rest of the body; tw…
highly specialized cell capable of transmitting a signal from…
part of the neuron that receives signals to be transmitted; e…
Central Nervous system
brain and spinal cord; highest level of integration and outpu…
Peripheral Nervous system
how the CNS transmits information to the rest of the body; tw…
19 terms
Biology Nervous System
Nervous System
Neurotransmitter
Central Nervous System
Sensory Neuron
the system that coordinates the body's response to changes in…
the function is to transmit chemical signals across synapses.…
it is the body's primary information processing center, the f…
It carries nerve impulses from receptors in the skin to the t…
Nervous System
the system that coordinates the body's response to changes in…
Neurotransmitter
the function is to transmit chemical signals across synapses.…
12 terms
BIOLOGY Nervous System
nervous system purpose
regulation of the nervous system
neurons
sensory neurons
Interaction of the nervous and endocrine system, both secrete…
interaction of the nervous and endocrine systems. Both system…
nerve cells, make up nervous system, adapted for transmission…
transmit impulses from sense organs/receptors to brain and sp…
nervous system purpose
Interaction of the nervous and endocrine system, both secrete…
regulation of the nervous system
interaction of the nervous and endocrine systems. Both system…
11 terms
biology nervous system
neuron
nervous system
nerve impulses
cell body
specialized cell that transmits info throughout body
your combined neurons
the electrical signals transmitted by the neurons
contains nucleus and most organelles
neuron
specialized cell that transmits info throughout body
nervous system
your combined neurons
Biology Nervous system
Nervous system
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Neurons
Complex network of nervous tissue that carries electrical mes…
Includes brain and spinal cord
Nerves that run everywhere else throughout the body
Structural and functional units of the nervous system. Transm…
Nervous system
Complex network of nervous tissue that carries electrical mes…
Central nervous system
Includes brain and spinal cord
21 terms
Biology nervous system
Motor neuron
Cerebellum
Interneuron
Cerebrum
A nerve cell that is apart of a pathway which signals pass fr…
Part of the brain at the back of the skull in vertebrates, co…
A neuron that transmits impulses between other neurons especi…
Largest part of the brain that is in charge of thought though…
Motor neuron
A nerve cell that is apart of a pathway which signals pass fr…
Cerebellum
Part of the brain at the back of the skull in vertebrates, co…
39 terms
biology nervous system
hypothalamus
spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
cerebellum
control center for regonition
main communication link between the brain and the rest of the…
31 pairs of nerves that branch off the spinal cord
coordinates and balances actions of the muscles so body can g…
hypothalamus
control center for regonition
spinal cord
main communication link between the brain and the rest of the…
17 terms
BIOLOGY BEHAVIOR/ NERVOUS SYSTEM
Nervous System
3 key components to the nervous system
Neurons
(Components of neurons)... Cell body
System that regulates the body's response to internal & exter…
A) stimuli. Consist of... B) central nervous system... C) periphera…
Nerve cells that provides communication through the body
Produces energy for the cell
Nervous System
System that regulates the body's response to internal & exter…
3 key components to the nervous system
A) stimuli. Consist of... B) central nervous system... C) periphera…
43 terms
Advanced Biology - Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Periphial Nervous System
Synapse
Synaptic Knobs
Brain and Spinal chord
Eyes, Ears, Nose, ect...
The junction between an axon and a dendrite or between the en…
...
Central Nervous System
Brain and Spinal chord
Periphial Nervous System
Eyes, Ears, Nose, ect...
24 terms
Biology Nervous System
Myelin Sheath
Schwann Cell
Peripheral Nervous System
Central Nervous System
-A layer of cells that insulates axon... -Are empty spaces betwe…
-Cells that make up the Myelin Sheath
-Sensory and motor neurons that are located outside of the br…
-Brain and spinal cord
Myelin Sheath
-A layer of cells that insulates axon... -Are empty spaces betwe…
Schwann Cell
-Cells that make up the Myelin Sheath
33 terms
AP Biology Nervous System
nerve net
ganglia
neurons
cell body
simplest nervous system found in hydra
clumps of nerve cells that are like primitive brains
functional unit in the nervous system
contains the nucleus and the organelles found in the cytoplasm
nerve net
simplest nervous system found in hydra
ganglia
clumps of nerve cells that are like primitive brains
48 terms
Biology II Nervous System
neurons
effectors
three general functions of the nervous…
somatic nervous system
the structural and functional units of the nervous system
glands and muscles
sensory, integrative, motor
voluntary motor pathways of peripheral nervous system that le…
neurons
the structural and functional units of the nervous system
effectors
glands and muscles
12 terms
Biology 1002- Nervous System
CNS
PNS
Neurons
Cell Body/Stoma
Brain and nerve cord
Neurons outside the CNS
Cells that send and receive electrical and chemical signals
Contains the neurons nucleus and organelles
CNS
Brain and nerve cord
PNS
Neurons outside the CNS
48 terms
Biology Nervous System
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
sensory input
intergreation
brain & spinal cord
nerves & ganglia
conduction of signals from sensory receptors
interpretation of sensory signals in brain and spinal cord
central nervous system
brain & spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
nerves & ganglia
14 terms
AP Biology - Nervous System
Threshold Potential
One
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
The amount of stimulus needed by a nerve to fire
Nerves move in _________ direction(s).
Contains brain and spinal cord
Contains the nerves not a part of the central nervous system
Threshold Potential
The amount of stimulus needed by a nerve to fire
One
Nerves move in _________ direction(s).
21 terms
Freshman Biology Nervous System
Cell body
Dendrites
Axon
Axon terminals
Part of a nerve that contains the nucleus
Part of a nerve that receives impulses from other neurons
Part of a nerve that has long fibers that carry signals away…
Part of a nerve that passes signals to other cells
Cell body
Part of a nerve that contains the nucleus
Dendrites
Part of a nerve that receives impulses from other neurons
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