Study sets matching "biology nervous system"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "biology nervous system"

18 terms
Biology 12- Nervous system
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Sensory division
Motor division
Consists of the brain & spinal cord.
consists of 2 divisions sensory & motor.
Carries messages from receptors to the central nervous system.
Carries messages from the central nervous system to effector…
Central nervous system
Consists of the brain & spinal cord.
Peripheral nervous system
consists of 2 divisions sensory & motor.
Biology (Nervous System) Vocabulary
peripheral nervous system
central nervous system
cell body
dendrites
network of nerves and supporting cells that carries signals i…
includes the brain and spinal cord : processes information an…
largest part of a typical neuron : contains nucleus and much…
extensions of the cell body of a neuron that carries impulses…
peripheral nervous system
network of nerves and supporting cells that carries signals i…
central nervous system
includes the brain and spinal cord : processes information an…
Biology Nervous System
Cell Body
Dendrite
Myelin Sheath
Axon
Contains a nucleus and a variety of organelles
Receives signals from the sensory receptors or other neurons…
A white insulating protective layer in which signals bounce o…
Conveys info to another neuron or to other cells.
Cell Body
Contains a nucleus and a variety of organelles
Dendrite
Receives signals from the sensory receptors or other neurons…
51 terms
Biology (Nervous System)
Just a thought:
3 functions of the Nervous System
Sensory function
Integrative function
Look at the email Ms. Allen sent regarding the "few things fo…
Sensory function... Integrative function... Motor function
detects internal and external stimuli
The processing of sensory information
Just a thought:
Look at the email Ms. Allen sent regarding the "few things fo…
3 functions of the Nervous System
Sensory function... Integrative function... Motor function
Biology; the nervous system
Peri
Pher
Neur
Dendr
Around
To carry
A nerve, cord
A tree
Peri
Around
Pher
To carry
51 terms
biology - the nervous system
brain
spinal cord
meninges
somatic nervous system
receive information, interprets and then responds to the stim…
receive impulses from the peripheral nervous system
the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. they a…
responsible for all voluntary communication in your body
brain
receive information, interprets and then responds to the stim…
spinal cord
receive impulses from the peripheral nervous system
70 terms
Biology 12- Nervous System
Axon
Dendrite
Cell Body
Myelin Sheath
takes message AWAY from cell body
takes impulse TOWARDS cell body
control centre of neuron; contains nucleus
fatty substance of long axons and dendrites, speeds up nerve…
Axon
takes message AWAY from cell body
Dendrite
takes impulse TOWARDS cell body
28 terms
Biology Nervous system
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Cell Body
Dendrites
Brain Stem and Spinal Cord (Interprets Information)
Sensory, Motor, Interneuron (Collects information)
The large part of the Neuron
Receives information from other Neurons (Connected to the Cel…
Central Nervous System
Brain Stem and Spinal Cord (Interprets Information)
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory, Motor, Interneuron (Collects information)
Biology:Nervous System
neurons
nerves
neuroglia
sensory/afferent neurons
transmit nerve impulses along nerve fibers to other neurons
made of bundles of nerve fibers
carry out a variety of functions to aid and protect component…
receptors that detect gravity,touch,light, heat,etc. and are…
neurons
transmit nerve impulses along nerve fibers to other neurons
nerves
made of bundles of nerve fibers
Biology - Nervous System
Left-Brain
Right-Brain
Coverings of the Brain
Tops of Wrinkles on Brains
Analytic thought, Logic, Language, Science & Math
Holistic thought, Intuition, Creativity, Art & Music
Dura Mater (Tough Mother), Arachnoid Mater (Spider / Web), Pi…
Gyrus
Left-Brain
Analytic thought, Logic, Language, Science & Math
Right-Brain
Holistic thought, Intuition, Creativity, Art & Music
Biology Nervous System
Neuron
Impulse
Sensory neuron
Motor neurons
nerve cells that transmit impulse from one part of the body t…
message that is sent out chemically or through hormones
messages from the body to the brain
messages from the brain to the body
Neuron
nerve cells that transmit impulse from one part of the body t…
Impulse
message that is sent out chemically or through hormones
27 terms
Biology Nervous and Endocrine System
What is a nerve cell called?
What is the role of the thyroid?
Where are you adrenal glands?
What are neurotransmitters and what is…
Neuron
To regulate metabolism
On top of your kidneys
Chemicals released to send impulse across synapse
What is a nerve cell called?
Neuron
What is the role of the thyroid?
To regulate metabolism
Nervous system- Biology
Stimulus
impulse
receptors
response`
causes stimulation/ reaction
electrical messages carried by neurons through the body
detect stimuli
reaction to stimulus
Stimulus
causes stimulation/ reaction
impulse
electrical messages carried by neurons through the body
27 terms
Biology nervous system
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Cerebrum
Cerebellum
Brainstem
Cushions CNS, supports the brain, transports nutrients, chemi…
Responsible for voluntary activities of the body/site of inte…
Coordinates and balances the actions of muscles/2ND LARGEST P…
Connects brain to spinal cord. 3 PARTS: Medulla oblongata, po…
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Cushions CNS, supports the brain, transports nutrients, chemi…
Cerebrum
Responsible for voluntary activities of the body/site of inte…
28 terms
biology nervous system
dendrite
axon
myelin sheath
node
neuron fiber that receives signals and carries them toward th…
neuron fiber that carries electric impulses away from the cel…
thick coat of material that surrounds and insulates the axon…
uninsulated spaces between the "beads" of a myelin sheath whe…
dendrite
neuron fiber that receives signals and carries them toward th…
axon
neuron fiber that carries electric impulses away from the cel…
Biology: The Nervous System
nervous system
integumentary system
respiratory system
digestive system
-recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
-serves as a barrier against infection and injury; helps to r…
-provides oxygen needed for cellular respiration and removes…
-converts foods into simpler molecules that can be used by th…
nervous system
-recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in…
integumentary system
-serves as a barrier against infection and injury; helps to r…
Biology: The Nervous System
Detect a stimulus
Respond to a stimulus
Sensory Neurons
Motor Neurons
What do Sensory Receptors Do?
What do Motor Effectors do?
(afferent neurons) carry impulses to central nervous system (…
(efferent neurons) carry impulses from CNS to effectors (musc…
Detect a stimulus
What do Sensory Receptors Do?
Respond to a stimulus
What do Motor Effectors do?
AP Biology - Nervous System
Nervous System
Neurons
Cell body
Dendrites
Receives input from internal and external sensors and relays…
Functional units of the nervous system, or nerve cells.
Large portion of neuron that contains the nucleus and organel…
Communicate the nervous signals from tips of neuron to the ce…
Nervous System
Receives input from internal and external sensors and relays…
Neurons
Functional units of the nervous system, or nerve cells.
Biology Flashcards: Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Cell Body
Dendrite
Network of nerves and supporting cells that carries signals i…
Includes the brain and spinal cord; processes information and…
Largest part of a typical neuron; contains the nucleus and mu…
Extension of the cell body of a neuron that carries impulses…
Peripheral Nervous System
Network of nerves and supporting cells that carries signals i…
Central Nervous System
Includes the brain and spinal cord; processes information and…
11 terms
Biology Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Cell body
Dendrite
Network of nerves and supporting cells that carries signals i…
Includes the brain and the spinal cord; processes information…
Largest part of a typical neuron; the nucleus and much of the…
Extension of the cell body of a neuron that carries impulses…
Peripheral Nervous System
Network of nerves and supporting cells that carries signals i…
Central Nervous System
Includes the brain and the spinal cord; processes information…
17 terms
Biology Nervous System
Cerebellum
Cerebrum
Hypothalamus
Reticular formation
Balance, posture, coordination; near end of brain
Thought, memory, language, and personality; right & lefts sid…
Temperature
Allows you to sleep with traffic sounds
Cerebellum
Balance, posture, coordination; near end of brain
Cerebrum
Thought, memory, language, and personality; right & lefts sid…
Nervous System Biology
Sensory Neuron
Interneuron
Motor Neuron
Dendrites
Is stimulated by a change in internal or external conditions
Is stimulated by a neurotransmitter (chemical made by neurons…
Is stimulated by an interneuron neurotransmitter; these neuro…
short branches of neuronthat respond to a stimuli
Sensory Neuron
Is stimulated by a change in internal or external conditions
Interneuron
Is stimulated by a neurotransmitter (chemical made by neurons…
63 terms
the nervous system biology review
nervous system
neurons
cell body(soma)
dendrites
sense pain, temp, other aspects of the environment, coordinat…
specialized cells capable of transmitting electrical impulses…
location of the nucleus, ER, ribosomes in the neuron
appendages emanating directly from the soma which receive inc…
nervous system
sense pain, temp, other aspects of the environment, coordinat…
neurons
specialized cells capable of transmitting electrical impulses…
Biology Nervous System Vocab
neuron
cell body
dendrite
axon
the functional unit of the nervous system, cells that transmi…
processes the incoming signal from the dendrite
input channels that carry messages to the cell body
output channels that carry impulses away from the cell body
neuron
the functional unit of the nervous system, cells that transmi…
cell body
processes the incoming signal from the dendrite
AP Biology Nervous System
Stimulus
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
form of energy, like electromagnetic,mechanical, or sound. It…
Sending Information to the brain.
Interpretation of energy received as stimulus. This allows fo…
Sending of impulses from brain or spinal cord.
Stimulus
form of energy, like electromagnetic,mechanical, or sound. It…
Sensory Input
Sending Information to the brain.
AP Biology Nervous System
Neuron
Dendrites
Cell Body
Axon
nerve cell, having structure and properties that allow it to…
short, branch extension of a neuron that receives signals fro…
part of a neuron that houses the nucleus and other organelles
long extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulses away f…
Neuron
nerve cell, having structure and properties that allow it to…
Dendrites
short, branch extension of a neuron that receives signals fro…
33 terms
PCAT: BIOLOGY [Nervous System]
nervous system has what 2 components
CNS
PNS
CNS cells
neurons = specialized nerve tissues... neuroglia = (support or p…
Brain & spinal cord... nuclei = cluster of cell bodies
everything else... ganglia = cluster of cell bodies
• astrocytes = absorb/recycle neurotransmitters and blood... • o…
nervous system has what 2 components
neurons = specialized nerve tissues... neuroglia = (support or p…
CNS
Brain & spinal cord... nuclei = cluster of cell bodies
Biology: The Nervous System
CNS
Neurones
Receptors
Effectors
Central Nervous System
Carry electrical impulses
Groups of specialised cells that detect changes int he enviro…
Produce a response to the stimulus e.g a muscle contracting
CNS
Central Nervous System
Neurones
Carry electrical impulses
12 terms
Biology Animal Nervous System
glial cell and neurons
dendrites, cell body, axon, axon hillo…
Cell body- produce all the protein... Den…
One direction. from cell body to the a…
What are two types of cells that make up the nervous system?
What are all the part of a neuron?
What is the function of the parts of neuron?
Which direction does information flow in a neuron?
glial cell and neurons
What are two types of cells that make up the nervous system?
dendrites, cell body, axon, axon hillo…
What are all the part of a neuron?
18 terms
Biology - Nervous System
Sensation
Perception
Sensory reception
Stimuli
An action potential that has reached the brain and "sensed" t…
Integration ("thinking about it") of a received action potent…
The detection of a stimulus by sensory receptors (dendrites o…
Forms of energy that cause a transformational shape change in…
Sensation
An action potential that has reached the brain and "sensed" t…
Perception
Integration ("thinking about it") of a received action potent…
Biology - Nervous System
Neuron
Sensory neurons
Motor Neurons
Interneurons
cell that transmits impulses - electrical signals/messages... -…
carry impulses from the sense organs to the spinal cord/brain
carry impulses from the brain/spinal cord to muscles/glands
connect sensory and motor neurons and carry impulses between…
Neuron
cell that transmits impulses - electrical signals/messages... -…
Sensory neurons
carry impulses from the sense organs to the spinal cord/brain
Biology- The Nervous System
Hypothalamus
Cerebellum
Thalamus
Pituitary gland
Controls hunger, thirst, fatigue,anger,and ,body temperature
Involved in coordination and Balance
Send sensory information to the cerebrum
Send hormones to the body
Hypothalamus
Controls hunger, thirst, fatigue,anger,and ,body temperature
Cerebellum
Involved in coordination and Balance
47 terms
Biology Nervous System
sclera
muscle
ligament
cornea
the outer covering of the eye (also covered by the conjunctiva)
stimulated by the optic nerves, work to allow the eye to move
holds the lens in place
clear, curved layer in front of iris/pupil, where light enters
sclera
the outer covering of the eye (also covered by the conjunctiva)
muscle
stimulated by the optic nerves, work to allow the eye to move
41 terms
Biology: Nervous System
Neurons and Neuroglial cells
Neurons
Neuroglial cells
Neuroglial cells
The two major types of nerve cells are:
true nerve cells that conduct impulses from one part of the b…
function in support and / or protection within the nervous sy…
Specific names of this: Astrocytes, Oligodendrites, Microglia…
Neurons and Neuroglial cells
The two major types of nerve cells are:
Neurons
true nerve cells that conduct impulses from one part of the b…
18 terms
Biology Nervous System
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Dendrites
Axon
Brain + spinal cord
Sends nerves from brain and spinal cord to rest of body
Branches that come from neuron and receive messages
Elongate extension that carried impulse away from nucleus
Central nervous system
Brain + spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
Sends nerves from brain and spinal cord to rest of body
50 terms
Biology Nervous System
Nerve
Ganglia
Enteric Plexus
Sensory Receptors
A bundle of thousands of axons, connective tissue, blood vess…
Small masses of nervous tissue containing primarily cell bodi…
Extensive network of neurons that help regulate the digestive…
Either parts of neurons or specialized cells that monitor cha…
Nerve
A bundle of thousands of axons, connective tissue, blood vess…
Ganglia
Small masses of nervous tissue containing primarily cell bodi…
18 terms
Biology: Nervous System
function
systems
neuron
parts of a neuron
1. send and receive messages within the body... 2. respond to st…
1. central nervous system (brain & spinal cord)... 2. periphera…
basic unit of structure and function of the nervous system... (b…
dendrite... cell body... axon... myelin sheath (speeds up impulses)... ax…
function
1. send and receive messages within the body... 2. respond to st…
systems
1. central nervous system (brain & spinal cord)... 2. periphera…
53 terms
Biology-Nervous System
homeostasis
2 basic functions of the nervous system
irritability
nervous system is aided by...
ability to respond to external and internal changes, needs to…
1) regulation-controlled in amount and directed to the right…
ability of a cell to respond to its environment
endocrine system
homeostasis
ability to respond to external and internal changes, needs to…
2 basic functions of the nervous system
1) regulation-controlled in amount and directed to the right…
32 terms
biology nervous system
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Structures
Meninges
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
control center of the body; relays, analyzes, & processes inf…
brain and spinal cord
Protective layers that surround the brain and spinal cord
Fluid that protects the brain and the spinal cord
Central Nervous System (CNS)
control center of the body; relays, analyzes, & processes inf…
Structures
brain and spinal cord
Biology Nervous System and Endocrine System
The Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain
Spinal Chord
- Carries messages throughout the body an helps you react to…
- Brain and spinal chord
- Cerebellum... - Cerebellum... - Medulla
- Thick nerve... - Controls reflex actions (automatic)... - Carries…
The Nervous System
- Carries messages throughout the body an helps you react to…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
- Brain and spinal chord
50 terms
Yacs Biology: Nervous System
Neuron
cell body
dendrite
axons
cell that serves as the functional units of the nervous system
the part of the neuron w/ the greatest diameter, and it conta…
multibranched fibers that project from the cell body
fibers that carry impulses away from the cell body
Neuron
cell that serves as the functional units of the nervous system
cell body
the part of the neuron w/ the greatest diameter, and it conta…
98 terms
Biology: Nervous System
Homeostasis
Stimuli
Hunger
Hand on a hot stove
Maintaining stable internal environment (Ex. Body temperature)
Factors that cause a response
An example of an internal stimulus
An example of an external stimulus
Homeostasis
Maintaining stable internal environment (Ex. Body temperature)
Stimuli
Factors that cause a response
Biology: The Nervous System terms
Homeostasis
CNS
Peripheral nervous system
Neurons
Where the body tries to maintain a relativley constant intern…
Included the brain and spinal cord
Consists of the autonomic nervous system
Nerve cell
Homeostasis
Where the body tries to maintain a relativley constant intern…
CNS
Included the brain and spinal cord
16 terms
PCAT BIOLOGY - Nervous System
Myopia
Hyperopia
Astigmatism
Cataracts
Nearsightedness, occurs when image is focused in front of the…
Occurs when the image is focused behind the retina
Irregularly shaped cornea
Develop when the lens becomes opaque; light cannot enter the…
Myopia
Nearsightedness, occurs when image is focused in front of the…
Hyperopia
Occurs when the image is focused behind the retina
Biology-Nervous System
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
Myelin Sheath
Cells that transmit impulses.
Extend from cell body and carry impulses from the environment…
Long fibres that carry impulses AWAY from the cell body.
Insulating membrane for axons.
Neuron
Cells that transmit impulses.
Dendrites
Extend from cell body and carry impulses from the environment…
57 terms
AP Biology: 13: The Nervous System
Hydra
Ganglia
Neuron(s)
Neuron(s)
the simplest nervous system is found in the ___; it has a ner…
as animals became more complex, they developed clumps of nerv…
more complex organisms have a brain with specialized cells ca…
the functional unit of the nervous system is the ___; this is…
Hydra
the simplest nervous system is found in the ___; it has a ner…
Ganglia
as animals became more complex, they developed clumps of nerv…
21 terms
AP Biology: Nervous System
effector cells
axon hillock
ganglion (ganglia)
astrocytes
the muscle cells or gland cells that actually carry out the b…
the conical region of the axon where it joins the cell body;…
cluster of nerve cell bodies, often of similar function, loca…
glia in the mature CNS that provide structural and metabolic…
effector cells
the muscle cells or gland cells that actually carry out the b…
axon hillock
the conical region of the axon where it joins the cell body;…
Biology (The Nervous System)
multipolar neurons
bipolar neurons
unipolar neurons
type II neurons
multiple dendrites... single axon ... (example: motor neuron)
1 dendrite... 1 axon... (example: eye, ear)
axon splits into 2 directions ... (example: sensory neurons)
cells with no axons ... (example: neuron to neuron integration a…
multipolar neurons
multiple dendrites... single axon ... (example: motor neuron)
bipolar neurons
1 dendrite... 1 axon... (example: eye, ear)
Biology Nervous System Notes
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Neuron
Motor (efferent) Neuron
The brain and spinal cord.
All nerves that lie outside the CNS.
Nerve cells, transmit impulses. (sing.)
Takes information from the CNS to the muscles or glands. (act…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The brain and spinal cord.
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
All nerves that lie outside the CNS.
30 terms
nervous system BIOLOGY
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
sensory neuron
interneuron
Brain and Spinal cord (analysis - interneurons)
all nervous tissue outside of CNS (input and output - sensory…
receive the stimulus, transfers info from stimulus to analysis
receives info from sensory, analysis of stimulus, sends a res…
central nervous system
Brain and Spinal cord (analysis - interneurons)
peripheral nervous system
all nervous tissue outside of CNS (input and output - sensory…
9 of 10