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Study sets matching "biology organic chemical"

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Study sets matching "biology organic chemical"

167 terms
Biology organic chemical quiz
True or false. A water molecule is nue…
What results from the oxygen atom bein…
Why is a water molecule polar?
What is an attraction between molecule…
True
The oxygen end has a negative charge and the hydrogen end has…
There is an uneven distribution of electrons between the oxyg…
Cohedion
True or false. A water molecule is nue…
True
What results from the oxygen atom bein…
The oxygen end has a negative charge and the hydrogen end has…
45 terms
AP Biology Organic Chemicals
Aldehyde
Amino
Butane
Carboxyl
1. an organic compound containing a functional group with the…
1. A functional group in which compounds have a nitrogen atom…
1. A four carbon substituent group with general chemical form…
1. A compound in which an oxygen atom is double bonded to a c…
Aldehyde
1. an organic compound containing a functional group with the…
Amino
1. A functional group in which compounds have a nitrogen atom…
67 terms
Biology: Chemical composition of Organisms
nuclear
Enrico Fermi
nucleus
neutrons.
The ancient Greek philosophers developed the concept of the a…
Examples of elements are carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen; carbon…
All kinds of atoms contain varying quantities of subatomic pa…
The nucleus contains two types of particles--protons and ____…
nuclear
The ancient Greek philosophers developed the concept of the a…
Enrico Fermi
Examples of elements are carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen; carbon…
6 terms
Biology lab: organic chemicals
organic compounds
polymer
polysaccharides proteins nucleic acids
monosaccharides- glucose amino acids n…
carbon with a combination of hydrogen
a large molecule w/ repeating units of monomers
examples of polymers
examples of monomers
organic compounds
carbon with a combination of hydrogen
polymer
a large molecule w/ repeating units of monomers
17 terms
Biology Inorganic chemical constituents of organisms and organic chemical constituents of organism
Nitrate
Magnesium
Calcium
Iron
It is a source of nitrogen in plants for the synthesis of pro…
It is a component of chlorophyll in plants .... It also activate…
It is the main components of bones and teeth .... It is required…
It is a component of haemoglobin in red blood cells.
Nitrate
It is a source of nitrogen in plants for the synthesis of pro…
Magnesium
It is a component of chlorophyll in plants .... It also activate…
14 terms
CLEP Biology (Chemical composition of Organisms)
Nuclear
Nucleus
Electrons
Particles
atoms can be broken down - in _______ reactions
All kinds of atoms contain varying quantities of subatomic pa…
In an atom, _________ occupy orbitals, or areas where they ar…
The mass of _________ within an atom are measured in Atomic M…
Nuclear
atoms can be broken down - in _______ reactions
Nucleus
All kinds of atoms contain varying quantities of subatomic pa…
106 terms
Biology 223 (Chapter 2) "The Chemical Level and Organization"
Atom
Neutrons
Electrons
Polar covalent bond
Smallest unit of an element
the particles of the nucleus that have no charge
Tiny, negatively charged, high-energy particles that move aro…
unequal sharing; form polar molecules (H20)
Atom
Smallest unit of an element
Neutrons
the particles of the nucleus that have no charge
8 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology-chemical composition of organisms
Simple chemical reactions
Bonds
Properties of water
Carbohydrates
Chemical reactions Occurs when molecules interact with each o…
Covalent bonds are the strongest type of chemical bond result…
Water responds to temperature change. Expands it freezes, for…
Only made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms, in varying ra…
Simple chemical reactions
Chemical reactions Occurs when molecules interact with each o…
Bonds
Covalent bonds are the strongest type of chemical bond result…
25 terms
biology - chemistry and organic molecules & chemical reactions/enzymes
amino acid
atom
carbohydrate
compound
building block of proteins
smallest unit of matter
organic compounds with the general formula (CH₂O)n, including…
substance made up of different elements bonded together (ex:…
amino acid
building block of proteins
atom
smallest unit of matter
Advanced Biology - Organic Compounds, Chemical Reactions, & Enzymes
what are monomers
what are polymers
T or F: monomers may be identical or d…
through what process are monomers link…
small units that join together to form polymers
a chain of monomers
true
dehydration reactions
what are monomers
small units that join together to form polymers
what are polymers
a chain of monomers
19 terms
Biology Midterm - Organic Molecules + Chemical Reactions
Four Carbon Characteristics
Six elements that make up everything
N
H
Can form long ring/chain structures, bonds with other carbon,…
NHCOPS
Nitrogen
Hydrogen
Four Carbon Characteristics
Can form long ring/chain structures, bonds with other carbon,…
Six elements that make up everything
NHCOPS
56 terms
Biology Chapter 3: The Chemical Basis of Life 2: Organic Molecules
organic molecules
macromolecules
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
A carbon-containing molecule, so named because they are found…
Many molecules bonded together to form a polymer. Carbohydrat…
The study of carbon-containing molecules
Molecules with predominately hydrogen-carbon bonds
organic molecules
A carbon-containing molecule, so named because they are found…
macromolecules
Many molecules bonded together to form a polymer. Carbohydrat…
15 terms
Biology G/T: Organic Compounds and Chemical Reactions
organic compounds
examples of organic compounds
exceptions of organic compounds
How many bonds can 1 carbon atom make?
compounds that contain carbon atoms bonded to hydrogen atoms,…
CH4, C6H12O6
Substances that have carbon but are not organic: diamonds, co…
4
organic compounds
compounds that contain carbon atoms bonded to hydrogen atoms,…
examples of organic compounds
CH4, C6H12O6
45 terms
Organic Chemicals
Aldehyde
Amino
Butane
Carboxyl
an organic compound consisting of a -CHO group, formed by the…
a chemical group that consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to t…
an organic compound that is an alkane with four carbon atoms.
weak acids, dissociating partially to release hydrogen ions.
Aldehyde
an organic compound consisting of a -CHO group, formed by the…
Amino
a chemical group that consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to t…
183 terms
Biology Chapter 2- Chemical Basis of Living Organisms
What is the most important element to…
What is the main element in organic co…
Organic compounds are what?
Carbon has the ability to form what wi…
Carbon
Carbon
Compounds found mainly in living things
Stable bonds
What is the most important element to…
Carbon
What is the main element in organic co…
Carbon
54 terms
Biology chp 2 Chemical level of organization
Nucleus
What orbits the nucleus
Protons
Neutroms
Comprised of protons and neutrons
electrons
+ charge
Neutral charge
Nucleus
Comprised of protons and neutrons
What orbits the nucleus
electrons
22 terms
Biology Honors Ch. 3: Organic Chemicals and Nutrition
Organic compound
Structural formula
Chemical formula
Isomer
Contain C and H,covalent bonds, tend to be large with C as "b…
Drawing/diagram showing how the chemical formula of a compoun…
Includes symbol, large #, subscript; tells what a compound is…
Different variations of a compound, same chem. formula nut di…
Organic compound
Contain C and H,covalent bonds, tend to be large with C as "b…
Structural formula
Drawing/diagram showing how the chemical formula of a compoun…
137 terms
Biology Chapter 2 - Chemical Basis of Living Organisms
Carbon is the most important element t…
What is the main element in organic co…
Organic Compounds
Carbon cannot form bonds with itself T/F
True
Carbon
Compounds found mainly in living things
False
Carbon is the most important element t…
True
What is the main element in organic co…
Carbon
9 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Important Chemical Groups of Organic Compounds
Hydroxyl Group
Hydroxyl Group
Carbonyl Group
Carbonyl Group
-OH
\... C = O... /
Hydroxyl Group
-OH
Hydroxyl Group
55 terms
Biology chapter 2: chemical basis of living organisms
Chemical bond
Chemical reaction
Organic compounds
Compound
Force that holds molecules together
Process that changes some chemical substances into others
Compound found in many living things
A substance that has two or more elements
Chemical bond
Force that holds molecules together
Chemical reaction
Process that changes some chemical substances into others
1,123 terms
Fahmy Chemical organization, Organic Chemicals
atom
Proton
Electron
Electron shells
Smallest unit of matter
Positively charged particles found in the nucleus
Negatively charged particles surrounding the outside of the n…
First shell has up to 2 second shell has up to 8 third shell…
atom
Smallest unit of matter
Proton
Positively charged particles found in the nucleus
7 terms
Organics Biology Test - Retake - Identifying Chemical Formulas
What makes a compound organic?
What is the only compound that has car…
What is the ration of hydrogen to oxyg…
What is the ratio of hydrogen to oxyge…
Carbon
Carbon Dioxide
2 : 1
there are much more hydrogens then oxygens
What makes a compound organic?
Carbon
What is the only compound that has car…
Carbon Dioxide
21 terms
Biology 153: Chemical Level of Organization- Atoms and Molecules
What is the smallest stable unit of ma…
What are the three subatomic particles…
What are the two regions of the atom i…
Where is the nucleus? What type of par…
An Atom
1) Protons- positive charge... 2) Neutrons- neutral, uncharged…
1) The nucleus... 2) The electron cloud
- at the centre of the atom ... - protons and neutrons
What is the smallest stable unit of ma…
An Atom
What are the three subatomic particles…
1) Protons- positive charge... 2) Neutrons- neutral, uncharged…
45 terms
Organic Chemicals
Aldehyde
Amino
Butane
Carboxyl
1. an organic compound containing a functional group with the…
1. A functional group in which compounds have a nitrogen atom…
1. A four carbon substituent group with general chemical form…
1. A compound in which an oxygen atom is double bonded to a c…
Aldehyde
1. an organic compound containing a functional group with the…
Amino
1. A functional group in which compounds have a nitrogen atom…
13 terms
Organic Chemicals
Alkenes
Alkynes
Alchohols
Aldehydes
-Contains a double bond... -Ends with -ene
-Contains a triple bond... -Ends with -yne
-Contains an OH... -ends with -ol
-Always at the end of a compound... -ends with -al
Alkenes
-Contains a double bond... -Ends with -ene
Alkynes
-Contains a triple bond... -Ends with -yne
20 terms
Organic Chemicals
Alkane with pattern -ane
Methane
Ethane
Propane
CH_3CH_3 ( _ = subscript)
CH_3CH_2CH_3
Alkane with pattern -ane
Methane
19 terms
Organic Chemicals
Alcohol
Alkane
Alkene
Benzene
Alcohol
Alkane
25 terms
Organic Chemistry chemical structure
Alcohol
Aldehyde
Alkane
Alkene
Alcohol
Aldehyde
30 terms
Biology Unit 2 chemicals of life/ organic molecules: Nucleic Acids and Proteins
4 major classes of Macromolecules
NUCLEIC ACIDS: DNA AND RNA
Some of the most important polymers in…
Nucleic acids carry
Carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids, proteins
...
nucleic acids- DNA and RNA
genetic info
4 major classes of Macromolecules
Carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids, proteins
NUCLEIC ACIDS: DNA AND RNA
...
48 terms
Organic Chemicals
Aldehyde... - An aldehyde is a group of o…
Amino... -Amino groups are functional gro…
Butane... -Butane is a hydrocarbon that i…
Carboxyl... -Carboxyl groups include a ca…
(CHO)
(NH2)
(C4H10)
(COOH)
Aldehyde... - An aldehyde is a group of o…
(CHO)
Amino... -Amino groups are functional gro…
(NH2)
54 terms
Chemical Organization
elements of the body
ionic bonds
ions
cations
oxygen,carbon,hydrogen,nitrogen (96% of body mass)
when opposite charged ions are attracted to each other
an atom that has gained or lost electrons & becomes (+) or (-…
a (+) charged ion
elements of the body
oxygen,carbon,hydrogen,nitrogen (96% of body mass)
ionic bonds
when opposite charged ions are attracted to each other
92 terms
Chemical to Organism
cytoplasm
chemical
Fe
K/ Na/ Ca
chemical of life
mostly made up of CHON
hemoglobin
nerve and muscle contraction
cytoplasm
chemical of life
chemical
mostly made up of CHON
44 terms
Organic Chemicals
Monomer
Polymer
Dehydration Synthesis
Glucose
small building blocks of polymers
long chains of monomers
taking out an H from one carbohydrate and an OH from another…
6-sided ring
Monomer
small building blocks of polymers
Polymer
long chains of monomers
54 terms
Chemical Organization
elements of the body
ionic bonds
ions
cations
oxygen,carbon,hydrogen,nitrogen (96% of body mass)
when opposite charged ions are attracted to each other
an atom that has gained or lost electrons & becomes (+) or (-…
a (+) charged ion
elements of the body
oxygen,carbon,hydrogen,nitrogen (96% of body mass)
ionic bonds
when opposite charged ions are attracted to each other
Organic Chemicals
Aldehyde
Amino
Butane
Carboxyl
any of a class of organic compounds, in which a carbon atom s…
the group —NH2, that is present in amino acids, amine (-NH2)…
an organic compound with the formula C₄H₁₀ that is an alkane…
The carboxyl group is an organic functional group consisting…
Aldehyde
any of a class of organic compounds, in which a carbon atom s…
Amino
the group —NH2, that is present in amino acids, amine (-NH2)…
52 terms
Biology 1134: Chapter 3- The Chemical Basis of Life II: Organic Molecules
organic chemistry
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
macromolecules
carbon
study of carbon-containing molecules
four categories of building blocks found in all living organi…
called this for their large size
a critical atom that makes life possible; most commonly forms…
organic chemistry
study of carbon-containing molecules
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
four categories of building blocks found in all living organi…
57 terms
Chemical structures of organic compounds
Methyl group
Carboxyl group
Anhydride
Sulfhydryl group... (Thiol)
Methyl group
Carboxyl group
54 terms
Chemical Organization
elements of the body
ionic bonds
ions
cations
oxygen,carbon,hydrogen,nitrogen (96% of body mass)
when opposite charged ions are attracted to each other
an atom that has gained or lost electrons & becomes (+) or (-…
a (+) charged ion
elements of the body
oxygen,carbon,hydrogen,nitrogen (96% of body mass)
ionic bonds
when opposite charged ions are attracted to each other
26 terms
Chemical organization
Atom
Proton
Electron
Neutron
...
Positively charged
Negatively charged
No charge
Atom
...
Proton
Positively charged
11 terms
Chemical organization
Atom
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
Basic unit of matter
Central core of atom
Positively charged particle in nucleus
Non-charged particle in nucleus
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Nucleus
Central core of atom
38 terms
Biology 1190 - Chapter 2a: Chemical Level of Organization I
Element
Atom
Electron shell
Valence electrons
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
the smallest units of matter that retain the properties and c…
the outside part of an atom around the atomic nucleus
electrons in the most outer shell of an atom
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
Atom
the smallest units of matter that retain the properties and c…
105 terms
The Chemical Level of Organization
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Amino acid
Amino group
Anion
The body's main energy currency; its energy is released when…
A monomer (single unit) of a protein
When present, makes molecules slightly basic (alkaline)
Any negatively-charged substance
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
The body's main energy currency; its energy is released when…
Amino acid
A monomer (single unit) of a protein
16 terms
Chemical in Organisms
carbohydrates
monosaccharides
disaccharides
polysaccharides
a group of chemicals that include sugars, starches, and cellu…
single sugars
double sugars
many sugars
carbohydrates
a group of chemicals that include sugars, starches, and cellu…
monosaccharides
single sugars
14 terms
Chemical groups and organic nomenclature
alcohols (hydroxyl)
ketones (carbonyl)
aldehydes (carbonyl)
carboxylic acids (carboxyl)
when R or R' is not H
alcohols (hydroxyl)
ketones (carbonyl)
when R or R' is not H
17 terms
Organic Chemicals
Aldehyde
Amino
butane
Carboxyl
...
...
...
...
Aldehyde
...
Amino
...
12 terms
Organic Chemicals
Macromolecules
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Organic Compounds
Giant molecules made up of building blocks known as monomers
Removing water
Splitting water
Proteins... Carbohydrates... Lipids... Nucleic acids
Macromolecules
Giant molecules made up of building blocks known as monomers
Dehydration Synthesis
Removing water
15 terms
Chemical Organization
Atoms
molecules
compound
mixtures
subatomic particles made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons
a chemical structure consisting of atoms of the same element…
a chemical substance composed of two or more different kinds…
substances composed of two or more components physically inte…
Atoms
subatomic particles made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons
molecules
a chemical structure consisting of atoms of the same element…
38 terms
Biology Chapter 3: The Chemical Basis of Life, Part II: Organic Molecules
carbon atom
organic molecules
carbon in living organism
nonpolar carbon bonds
-chemical basis for all life... -bonds are stable at temperature…
-molecules that contain carbon bonded to hydrogen and form ch…
covalent bonds for between (can be single, double, or triple)…
-C and H have similar electronegativity... -hydrophobic and poor…
carbon atom
-chemical basis for all life... -bonds are stable at temperature…
organic molecules
-molecules that contain carbon bonded to hydrogen and form ch…
60 terms
Chemical Organization
Matter
Atom
Element
Atom Anatomy
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
The smallest particle of an element that retains the characte…
The substance that cannot be changed into another substance.
Protons, neutrons, electrons and inside the atom.
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that retains the characte…
29 terms
Biology N-212 (Chapter 2) (Chemical Level of Organization)
Atom
Subatomic particles
Nucleus
Electron cloud
Smallest stable units of matter
Composed of: ... -Protons (positive electrical charge)... -Neutrons…
Contains one or more protons and may contain neutrons as well…
The electrons in the atom whirl around the nucleus
Atom
Smallest stable units of matter
Subatomic particles
Composed of: ... -Protons (positive electrical charge)... -Neutrons…
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