Study sets matching "biology organic compound"

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Study sets matching "biology organic compound"

18 terms
Biology: Organic Compounds
monomer
polymer
carbon
lipids
repeating units that build polymers
large molecules built from repeating units called monomers
element found in great quantities in living creatures which c…
organic molecules used by organisms for long term energy stor…
monomer
repeating units that build polymers
polymer
large molecules built from repeating units called monomers
20 terms
Organic Compound: Biology
Organic compounds contain ____________…
All organic compounds are ____________…
All organic compounds are ____________…
4 essential compounds for organisms.
carbon
macromolecules
polymer
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, proteins
Organic compounds contain ____________…
carbon
All organic compounds are ____________…
macromolecules
55 terms
biology organic compound
the most important element in living t…
organic
inorganic
why is carbon unique
carbon
contains carbon(c)
no carbon (except CO2)
it can make 4 covalent bonds, forms long chains/rings
the most important element in living t…
carbon
organic
contains carbon(c)
11 terms
Biology Organic Compound
organic compound
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
a simple molecule that can combine with other like or unlike…
a large molecule that is formed by more than five monomers, o…
a class of molecules that includes sugars, starches, and fibe…
organic compound
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
monomer
a simple molecule that can combine with other like or unlike…
22 terms
Biology organic compound
Macromolecules
Carbohydrate function
Carbohydrate monomer
Carbohydrate wxample
Organic compunds. Living compounds
Short term energy source
Monosaccharide
Sugar and starch
Macromolecules
Organic compunds. Living compounds
Carbohydrate function
Short term energy source
32 terms
Biology-Red Organic Compound
Is water an organic compound, why?
carbon
macromolecules
polymerization
no, lacks carbon
element, can form single, double, or triple bonds, can form c…
very large molecules, made from hundreds of other molecules
most macromolecules are formed by this, joining of monomers t…
Is water an organic compound, why?
no, lacks carbon
carbon
element, can form single, double, or triple bonds, can form c…
25 terms
organic compound chart - Biology
organic compounds
elements of carbohydrates
elements of lipids
elements of proteins
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
organic compounds
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
elements of carbohydrates
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
28 terms
Biology Organic Compound
organic compound
functional group
monomer
polymer
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
a simple molecule that can combine with other like or unlike…
a large molecule that is formed by more than five monomers, o…
organic compound
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
functional group
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
Biology- Organic Compounds Composition
What elements does a carbohydrate cont…
What functional group does a carbohydr…
What is the monomer of a carbohydrate?
Name two examples of a monosaccharide.
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Alcohol
A monosaccharide
Glucose, fructose
What elements does a carbohydrate cont…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
What functional group does a carbohydr…
Alcohol
54 terms
Biology organic compound
What element so organic compounds cont…
Why is carbon able to make so many dif…
What are macromolecules (polymers)?
What type of bonds do they have?
Carbon
Carbons have 4 outer electrons allowing it to make 4 differen…
Large molecules that are formed by joining smaller organic mo…
Covalent bonds
What element so organic compounds cont…
Carbon
Why is carbon able to make so many dif…
Carbons have 4 outer electrons allowing it to make 4 differen…
33 terms
Biology Review: Organic Compounds
What are the 4 main categories of orga…
What are the monomers of proteins?
What are the monomers of carbohydrates?
What are the smaller units, or buildin…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, & nucleic acid
Amino acids
Monosaccharides (simple sugars)
1 glycerol & 3 fatty acids
What are the 4 main categories of orga…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, & nucleic acid
What are the monomers of proteins?
Amino acids
Biology - Mixtures & Organic Compounds
Element
Compound
Mixture
Solution
A substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means and…
Two or more elements combined by chemical bonding. The elemen…
A combination of substances in which the individual component…
A mixture in which one or more substances (solute) are distri…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means and…
Compound
Two or more elements combined by chemical bonding. The elemen…
Biology 101: Organic Compounds
Carbon
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Functional Groups
bonds to 4 other atoms; branches in 4 directions
Only C and H
same formula different arrangement
parts of a molecule attached to C skeleton
Carbon
bonds to 4 other atoms; branches in 4 directions
Hydrocarbons
Only C and H
Biology organic compound
Monomers
Carbs
disaccharides
Lipids
Small (ones) molecules
main sources of energy
two sugar molecules joined together
Organic compound/carbon and hydrogen/ fat, oils and waxes.
Monomers
Small (ones) molecules
Carbs
main sources of energy
Biology Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates
Monomer
Polymer
Monosaccharide
Elements: Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen... 1:2:1 ratio... Function: Stor…
Building blocks
Larger - made of smaller molecules
One single sugar molecule... Ex. Glucose, fructose, gatacrose
Carbohydrates
Elements: Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen... 1:2:1 ratio... Function: Stor…
Monomer
Building blocks
28 terms
Biology Organic Compound
organic compound
functional group
monomer
polymer
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
a simple molecule that can combine with other like or unlike…
a large molecule that is formed by more than five monomers, o…
organic compound
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
functional group
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
21 terms
Biology Organic compound
Empirical formula
Structural formula
isomers
polymerization
a formula that shows the kinds and number of atoms in the mol…
a formula that shows how the atoms are arranged and how they…
compounds with the same empirical formula but different struc…
joining smaller molecules together
Empirical formula
a formula that shows the kinds and number of atoms in the mol…
Structural formula
a formula that shows how the atoms are arranged and how they…
24 terms
biology organic compound
carbohydrate
types of carbohydrates
proteins
types of proteins
Main source of energy
sugar, starch, fiber
Build and repair tissues, Supply energy, when needed
Milk, Whey, Casein, Egg, Soy, Bovine Colostrum, Gelatin
carbohydrate
Main source of energy
types of carbohydrates
sugar, starch, fiber
28 terms
Biology Organic Compound
organic compound
functional group
monomer
polymer
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
a simple molecule that can combine with other like or unlike…
a large molecule that is formed by more than five monomers, o…
organic compound
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
functional group
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
biology organic compound
Elements of carbs
Elements of lipids
Elements of proteins
Elements of nucleic acids
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Sometimes Phosphorus
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Sometimes Sulfur
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus
Elements of carbs
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Elements of lipids
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Sometimes Phosphorus
Biology: Organic Compound Terminology
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
28 terms
Biology Organic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Functional group for protein
functional group for Sugars
functional group for Lipids
Protein... Sugars (polysaccarides, starches, carbohydrates)... Lipi…
COOH (organic acid)... NH2 (amino group)
OH (hydroxide)
COOH (organic acid)... OH (hydroxide)
Organic Compounds
Protein... Sugars (polysaccarides, starches, carbohydrates)... Lipi…
Functional group for protein
COOH (organic acid)... NH2 (amino group)
70 terms
Biology Organic Compounds and Structures
Protein Polymer
Coiled Primary Structure
Tertiary
Quaternary Structure
Primary structure, straight chain of amino acids, determines…
Secondary structure, "pleated sheets" same as primary structu…
3rd, coils then folds back on to self, if there are amino aci…
4th. 2 or more protein polymers that are intertwined in terti…
Protein Polymer
Primary structure, straight chain of amino acids, determines…
Coiled Primary Structure
Secondary structure, "pleated sheets" same as primary structu…
56 terms
Biology Organic Compounds Quiz
Elements found in Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Glucose
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur
Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides. Made of…
Carbohydrates. Include: Glucose, Galactose, and Fructose
Monosaccharide. Product of photosynthesis
Elements found in Organic Compounds
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides. Made of…
Biology: Organic Compounds
macromolecule
monomers
carbon
isomers
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
building blocks of macromolecles
element found in all organic compounds, 4 bonding electrons,…
compounds with the same formula, but a different arrangement
macromolecule
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
monomers
building blocks of macromolecles
10 terms
Biology Organic Compounds
glycogen
enzymes
nucleic acids
cellulose
a polysaccharide that is used by animals to store their exces…
important in regulating chemical pathways, synthesizing mater…
complex molecules composed of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitro…
a polysaccharide that gives strength and rigidity to plants
glycogen
a polysaccharide that is used by animals to store their exces…
enzymes
important in regulating chemical pathways, synthesizing mater…
41 terms
Biology, Organic Compounds
4 types of organic molecules
Organic compounds must contain
what are carbs used for
what are carbs 3 elements they are com…
Carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acid
carbon and hydrogen
main source of energy
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
4 types of organic molecules
Carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acid
Organic compounds must contain
carbon and hydrogen
29 terms
Biology Organic Compound Quiz
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Dehydration Synthesis
Examples of disaccharides:
- Energy use... - Organic... - Same elements - Carbon, hydrogen,…
- Energy storage, used for protection/insulation... - Organic…
Bonding two monomers together to make a larger molecule by re…
- maltose - malt sugar... - lactose - milk sugar... - sucrose - t…
Carbohydrates
- Energy use... - Organic... - Same elements - Carbon, hydrogen,…
Lipids
- Energy storage, used for protection/insulation... - Organic…
Organic compound (biology)
Which of the following is not an organ…
Which of the following best describe a…
Which organic compound is the main sou…
Which of the following does not correc…
Water
A large molecule constructed of many monomers
Carbohydrates
Fats provide a quick source of glucose when blood sugar level…
Which of the following is not an organ…
Water
Which of the following best describe a…
A large molecule constructed of many monomers
Biology Elements+Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fat/Lipids, N…
Monomers
Polymer
Dehydration Synthesis
Organic Compounds
Builds organic compounds, small subunits.
Multiple Monomers
Removal of a molecule of water to join two monomers together…
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fat/Lipids, N…
Organic Compounds
Monomers
Builds organic compounds, small subunits.
Biology: Organic Compounds
glucose
cellulose
glycogen
dehydration synthesis
made by autotrophs; needed for cellular respiration
polysaccharide forms cell walls of plants
polysaccharide that is energy storage in animals
forming a larger molecule by removing water
glucose
made by autotrophs; needed for cellular respiration
cellulose
polysaccharide forms cell walls of plants
24 terms
biology organic compounds
carbohydrates
hydrolysis
dehydration synthesis
monomer
monomer unit: monosaccharides... biological function: polymers(s…
to split apart by adding H2O
joining of two monomer units with the release of H2O (all org…
basic unit of an organic compound that repeats when joining s…
carbohydrates
monomer unit: monosaccharides... biological function: polymers(s…
hydrolysis
to split apart by adding H2O
Biology Organic Compounds
examples of lipids
ending of most proteins
ending of most carbohydrates
the monomer of nucleic acid
waxes, oils, and fats
-in or -ine
-ose
nucleotide
examples of lipids
waxes, oils, and fats
ending of most proteins
-in or -ine
Biology - Organic Compounds
organic compound
carbon skeleton
hydroxyl group
amino group
carbon-based molecules
the chain of carbon atoms in an organic molecule
hydrogen and oxygen atoms bonded to create the carbon skeleton
nitrogen and two hydrogen atoms
organic compound
carbon-based molecules
carbon skeleton
the chain of carbon atoms in an organic molecule
Organic Compounds--Biology
ORGANIC MOLECULES
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucle…
Polymer
Monomer
Molecules containing atoms of carbon covalently bonded to ano…
four classes of organic (carbon based) macromolecules
A large molecule consisting of many smaller subunits called m…
The "building block" or sub-unit of a polymer
ORGANIC MOLECULES
Molecules containing atoms of carbon covalently bonded to ano…
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucle…
four classes of organic (carbon based) macromolecules
103 terms
Biology - Organic Compounds II
4 classes large biological molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomer
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, & Nucleic acids
large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
Small building block molecules
4 classes large biological molecules
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, & Nucleic acids
Macromolecules
large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
AP Biology Organic Compounds
Element
Compound
Atomic number
Atomic mass
Substancs that can't be broken down by chemical means
Substance consisting of 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio w…
The number of protons a certain element has
Approximation of total mass of an atom
Element
Substancs that can't be broken down by chemical means
Compound
Substance consisting of 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio w…
Biology: Organic Compounds
Indicators
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Buffers
A device or chemical that determines the presence of a compou…
Water loving
Water hating
A weak acid or base that can prevent sudden changes
Indicators
A device or chemical that determines the presence of a compou…
Hydrophilic
Water loving
30 terms
Biology Organic Compounds
Carbon
Carbon atoms
Carbon rings
Macromolecules
Can form with many elements
Four covalent bonds, can form strong covalent bonds when elec…
When chains close up on themselves
Formed by thousands of molecules
Carbon
Can form with many elements
Carbon atoms
Four covalent bonds, can form strong covalent bonds when elec…
Biology - Organic Compounds
Amino
Sudan III
Polysaccharide
Macromolecule
Functional group found in amino acids
Indicator for lipids
Many molecules of sugar; for example starch
Large organic molecule, usually a polymer
Amino
Functional group found in amino acids
Sudan III
Indicator for lipids
Biology 1 (Organic Compounds)
Carbohydrates
Monosuccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in…
Or simple sugar, contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a r…
When two monosaccharides can combine in a condensation reacti…
A complex molecule composed of three or more monosaccharides.
Carbohydrates
Organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in…
Monosuccharide
Or simple sugar, contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a r…
29 terms
Organic Compounds Biology
4 macromolecules
carbohydrates consist of
monosaccharides contain
lipids consist of
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
simple sugars (monosaccharides)
carbon, hydrogen, and oygen
fatty acids and glycerol
4 macromolecules
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
carbohydrates consist of
simple sugars (monosaccharides)
32 terms
Biology : organic compounds
Macromolecule
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Large organic molecule
Polysaccharides
Glycerol & fatty acid
Amino acids
Macromolecule
Large organic molecule
Carbohydrates
Polysaccharides
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS - Carbohydrates. (Biology)
Carbohydrates
2 to 1
Monosaccharides
Glucose
main source of energy in all organisms
proportion of hydrogen (H) atoms to carbon (C) and oxygen (O)
simple sugars with only one sugar unit
a monosaccharide that is found in cells
Carbohydrates
main source of energy in all organisms
2 to 1
proportion of hydrogen (H) atoms to carbon (C) and oxygen (O)
12 terms
Biology classifying organic compounds
Amylase
DNA
Glycogen
Triglyceride
Protein
Nucleic acid
Carb
Lipids
Amylase
Protein
DNA
Nucleic acid
Biology Organic Compounds
Nucleic Acids... Lipids... Carbohydrates... Pro…
DNA
Nucleotide
5 Carbon Sugar... Nitrogen Base... Phosphate…
Organic compounds
An example of nucleic acids
Chains of nucleic acids
3 parts of nucleotides
Nucleic Acids... Lipids... Carbohydrates... Pro…
Organic compounds
DNA
An example of nucleic acids
Biology organic compounds
Organic
Sugar
Monosaccharides
Disaccharide
Means it has carbon in it
Makes up carbohydrates
One sugar; glucose, fructose, galactose
Two sugars combined;sucrose
Organic
Means it has carbon in it
Sugar
Makes up carbohydrates
Biology "The First Organic Compounds"
Alexander Oparin
Miller-Urey Experiment
Miller-Urey Experiment
-Meteorites fell to earth and delivere…
- a soviet scientist that suggested Earth's atmosphere was mu…
this experiment proved that Oparins theory about the atmosphe…
Name 2 other theories of the formation of organic compounds.
Alexander Oparin
- a soviet scientist that suggested Earth's atmosphere was mu…
Miller-Urey Experiment
this experiment proved that Oparins theory about the atmosphe…
10 terms
Biology Organic Compounds
glycogen
enzymes
nucleic acids
cellulose
a polysaccharide that is used by animals to store their exces…
important in regulating chemical pathways, synthesizing mater…
complex molecules composed of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitro…
a polysaccharide that gives strength and rigidity to plants
glycogen
a polysaccharide that is used by animals to store their exces…
enzymes
important in regulating chemical pathways, synthesizing mater…
26 terms
Organic compounds (biology)
compound
inorganic
organic
macromolecule (polymer)
two or more elements bonded together
compound that has no carbon; not living nor has ever been ali…
compound containing carbon; living or was once alive
large molecules that are formed by joining smaller organic mo…
compound
two or more elements bonded together
inorganic
compound that has no carbon; not living nor has ever been ali…
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