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Study sets matching "biology organic compound"

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Study sets matching "biology organic compound"

18 terms
Biology: Organic Compounds
monomer
polymer
carbon
lipids
repeating units that build polymers
large molecules built from repeating units called monomers
element found in great quantities in living creatures which c…
organic molecules used by organisms for long term energy stor…
monomer
repeating units that build polymers
polymer
large molecules built from repeating units called monomers
22 terms
Biology organic compound
Macromolecules
Carbohydrate function
Carbohydrate monomer
Carbohydrate wxample
Organic compunds. Living compounds
Short term energy source
Monosaccharide
Sugar and starch
Macromolecules
Organic compunds. Living compounds
Carbohydrate function
Short term energy source
28 terms
Biology Organic Compound
organic compound
functional group
monomer
polymer
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
a simple molecule that can combine with other like or unlike…
a large molecule that is formed by more than five monomers, o…
organic compound
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
functional group
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
20 terms
Organic Compound: Biology
Organic compounds contain ____________…
All organic compounds are ____________…
All organic compounds are ____________…
4 essential compounds for organisms.
carbon
macromolecules
polymer
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, proteins
Organic compounds contain ____________…
carbon
All organic compounds are ____________…
macromolecules
43 terms
Biology - Mixtures & Organic Compounds
Element
Compound
Mixture
Solution
A substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means and…
Two or more elements combined by chemical bonding. The elemen…
A combination of substances in which the individual component…
A mixture in which one or more substances (solute) are distri…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means and…
Compound
Two or more elements combined by chemical bonding. The elemen…
55 terms
biology organic compound
the most important element in living t…
organic
inorganic
why is carbon unique
carbon
contains carbon(c)
no carbon (except CO2)
it can make 4 covalent bonds, forms long chains/rings
the most important element in living t…
carbon
organic
contains carbon(c)
11 terms
Biology Organic Compound
organic compound
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
a simple molecule that can combine with other like or unlike…
a large molecule that is formed by more than five monomers, o…
a class of molecules that includes sugars, starches, and fibe…
organic compound
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
monomer
a simple molecule that can combine with other like or unlike…
32 terms
Biology-Red Organic Compound
Is water an organic compound, why?
carbon
macromolecules
polymerization
no, lacks carbon
element, can form single, double, or triple bonds, can form c…
very large molecules, made from hundreds of other molecules
most macromolecules are formed by this, joining of monomers t…
Is water an organic compound, why?
no, lacks carbon
carbon
element, can form single, double, or triple bonds, can form c…
Biology: Organic Compound Terminology
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
20 terms
Biology- Organic Compounds Composition
What elements does a carbohydrate cont…
What functional group does a carbohydr…
What is the monomer of a carbohydrate?
Name two examples of a monosaccharide.
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Alcohol
A monosaccharide
Glucose, fructose
What elements does a carbohydrate cont…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
What functional group does a carbohydr…
Alcohol
33 terms
Biology Review: Organic Compounds
What are the 4 main categories of orga…
What are the monomers of proteins?
What are the monomers of carbohydrates?
What are the smaller units, or buildin…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, & nucleic acid
Amino acids
Monosaccharides (simple sugars)
1 glycerol & 3 fatty acids
What are the 4 main categories of orga…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, & nucleic acid
What are the monomers of proteins?
Amino acids
25 terms
organic compound chart - Biology
organic compounds
elements of carbohydrates
elements of lipids
elements of proteins
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
organic compounds
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
elements of carbohydrates
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
17 terms
Biology 101: Organic Compounds
Carbon
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Functional Groups
bonds to 4 other atoms; branches in 4 directions
Only C and H
same formula different arrangement
parts of a molecule attached to C skeleton
Carbon
bonds to 4 other atoms; branches in 4 directions
Hydrocarbons
Only C and H
8 terms
Biology Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates
Monomer
Polymer
Monosaccharide
Elements: Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen... 1:2:1 ratio... Function: Stor…
Building blocks
Larger - made of smaller molecules
One single sugar molecule... Ex. Glucose, fructose, gatacrose
Carbohydrates
Elements: Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen... 1:2:1 ratio... Function: Stor…
Monomer
Building blocks
54 terms
Biology organic compound
What element so organic compounds cont…
Why is carbon able to make so many dif…
What are macromolecules (polymers)?
What type of bonds do they have?
Carbon
Carbons have 4 outer electrons allowing it to make 4 differen…
Large molecules that are formed by joining smaller organic mo…
Covalent bonds
What element so organic compounds cont…
Carbon
Why is carbon able to make so many dif…
Carbons have 4 outer electrons allowing it to make 4 differen…
41 terms
Biology, Organic Compounds
4 types of organic molecules
Organic compounds must contain
what are carbs used for
what are carbs 3 elements they are com…
Carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acid
carbon and hydrogen
main source of energy
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
4 types of organic molecules
Carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acid
Organic compounds must contain
carbon and hydrogen
70 terms
Biology Organic Compounds and Structures
Protein Polymer
Coiled Primary Structure
Tertiary
Quaternary Structure
Primary structure, straight chain of amino acids, determines…
Secondary structure, "pleated sheets" same as primary structu…
3rd, coils then folds back on to self, if there are amino aci…
4th. 2 or more protein polymers that are intertwined in terti…
Protein Polymer
Primary structure, straight chain of amino acids, determines…
Coiled Primary Structure
Secondary structure, "pleated sheets" same as primary structu…
66 terms
Biology- organic compounds
What makes up a lipid?
What monomers combine to form a dipept…
What monomers combine to forma polypep…
What is the bond called that forms bet…
1 glycerol and 3 fatty acids
2 amino acids
3 or more amino acids
a peptide bond
What makes up a lipid?
1 glycerol and 3 fatty acids
What monomers combine to form a dipept…
2 amino acids
46 terms
Biology: Organic Compounds
macromolecule
monomers
carbon
isomers
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
building blocks of macromolecles
element found in all organic compounds, 4 bonding electrons,…
compounds with the same formula, but a different arrangement
macromolecule
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
monomers
building blocks of macromolecles
39 terms
Biology Organic compounds
The four groups of organic compounds
all organic compounds contain
carbohydrates contain
carbohydrates provide
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
carbohydrates
C H O
energy
The four groups of organic compounds
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
all organic compounds contain
carbohydrates
56 terms
Biology Organic Compounds Quiz
Elements found in Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Glucose
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur
Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides. Made of…
Carbohydrates. Include: Glucose, Galactose, and Fructose
Monosaccharide. Product of photosynthesis
Elements found in Organic Compounds
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides. Made of…
21 terms
Biology organic compound
Monomers
Carbs
disaccharides
Lipids
Small (ones) molecules
main sources of energy
two sugar molecules joined together
Organic compound/carbon and hydrogen/ fat, oils and waxes.
Monomers
Small (ones) molecules
Carbs
main sources of energy
24 terms
biology organic compound
carbohydrate
types of carbohydrates
proteins
types of proteins
Main source of energy
sugar, starch, fiber
Build and repair tissues, Supply energy, when needed
Milk, Whey, Casein, Egg, Soy, Bovine Colostrum, Gelatin
carbohydrate
Main source of energy
types of carbohydrates
sugar, starch, fiber
28 terms
Biology Organic Compound
organic compound
functional group
monomer
polymer
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
a simple molecule that can combine with other like or unlike…
a large molecule that is formed by more than five monomers, o…
organic compound
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
functional group
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
21 terms
Biology Organic compound
Empirical formula
Structural formula
isomers
polymerization
a formula that shows the kinds and number of atoms in the mol…
a formula that shows how the atoms are arranged and how they…
compounds with the same empirical formula but different struc…
joining smaller molecules together
Empirical formula
a formula that shows the kinds and number of atoms in the mol…
Structural formula
a formula that shows how the atoms are arranged and how they…
28 terms
Biology Organic Compound
organic compound
functional group
monomer
polymer
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
a simple molecule that can combine with other like or unlike…
a large molecule that is formed by more than five monomers, o…
organic compound
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
functional group
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
9 terms
Organic Compounds -Biology
organic compounds definition
why do atoms bond?
macromolecules definition
monomers
contain carbon atoms... carbon have 4 valence electrons and can…
because they are unstable
large organic compounds found in living things
the sub unit of building block of a larger molecule, these co…
organic compounds definition
contain carbon atoms... carbon have 4 valence electrons and can…
why do atoms bond?
because they are unstable
14 terms
biology organic compound
Elements of carbs
Elements of lipids
Elements of proteins
Elements of nucleic acids
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Sometimes Phosphorus
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Sometimes Sulfur
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus
Elements of carbs
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Elements of lipids
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Sometimes Phosphorus
33 terms
Biology Elements+Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fat/Lipids, N…
Monomers
Polymer
Dehydration Synthesis
Organic Compounds
Builds organic compounds, small subunits.
Multiple Monomers
Removal of a molecule of water to join two monomers together…
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fat/Lipids, N…
Organic Compounds
Monomers
Builds organic compounds, small subunits.
34 terms
Biology: Organic Compounds
glucose
cellulose
glycogen
dehydration synthesis
made by autotrophs; needed for cellular respiration
polysaccharide forms cell walls of plants
polysaccharide that is energy storage in animals
forming a larger molecule by removing water
glucose
made by autotrophs; needed for cellular respiration
cellulose
polysaccharide forms cell walls of plants
24 terms
biology organic compounds
carbohydrates
hydrolysis
dehydration synthesis
monomer
monomer unit: monosaccharides... biological function: polymers(s…
to split apart by adding H2O
joining of two monomer units with the release of H2O (all org…
basic unit of an organic compound that repeats when joining s…
carbohydrates
monomer unit: monosaccharides... biological function: polymers(s…
hydrolysis
to split apart by adding H2O
28 terms
Biology Organic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Functional group for protein
functional group for Sugars
functional group for Lipids
Protein... Sugars (polysaccarides, starches, carbohydrates)... Lipi…
COOH (organic acid)... NH2 (amino group)
OH (hydroxide)
COOH (organic acid)... OH (hydroxide)
Organic Compounds
Protein... Sugars (polysaccarides, starches, carbohydrates)... Lipi…
Functional group for protein
COOH (organic acid)... NH2 (amino group)
18 terms
Organic Compounds-Biology
Hydrocarbon
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Carbon chains filled with hydrogen bonds. They are natural ga…
Sugars and starches, used to store short-term energy in your…
Fats, used to store long-term energy in your body. Made of a…
Amino Acids with an amine group and a carboxyl group. Used fo…
Hydrocarbon
Carbon chains filled with hydrogen bonds. They are natural ga…
Carbohydrates
Sugars and starches, used to store short-term energy in your…
74 terms
Biology Organic Compounds
examples of lipids
ending of most proteins
ending of most carbohydrates
the monomer of nucleic acid
waxes, oils, and fats
-in or -ine
-ose
nucleotide
examples of lipids
waxes, oils, and fats
ending of most proteins
-in or -ine
74 terms
Biology: Macromolecules and Organic Compounds
Organic compounds
Life
72
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucle…
These carbon based compounds are synthesized by cells
_______ is built of carbon.
Cells are ____% H2O.
Cells are made of 25% carbon compounds, which are:
Organic compounds
These carbon based compounds are synthesized by cells
Life
_______ is built of carbon.
32 terms
Biology: Organic Compound Review
Carbon has the ability to form________…
_____________is the element that forms…
Molecules having the same molecular fo…
Butane and isobutene are examples of__…
Four
Carbon
Isomer
Isomers
Carbon has the ability to form________…
Four
_____________is the element that forms…
Carbon
Biology "The First Organic Compounds"
Alexander Oparin
Miller-Urey Experiment
Miller-Urey Experiment
-Meteorites fell to earth and delivere…
- a soviet scientist that suggested Earth's atmosphere was mu…
this experiment proved that Oparins theory about the atmosphe…
Name 2 other theories of the formation of organic compounds.
Alexander Oparin
- a soviet scientist that suggested Earth's atmosphere was mu…
Miller-Urey Experiment
this experiment proved that Oparins theory about the atmosphe…
32 terms
Biology (ORGANIC COMPOUNDS)
What are organic compounds?
Macromolecules
Exceptions to organic molecules?
CARBONS
Compounds that contain carbon are called organic
Large organic molecules (carbs, lipids, protein, and nucleic…
Oxides of carbon ... Carbonates... Hydrogen carbonates ... Are all exa…
Carbon has 4 electrons in outer shell. ... Carbon can form coval…
What are organic compounds?
Compounds that contain carbon are called organic
Macromolecules
Large organic molecules (carbs, lipids, protein, and nucleic…
10 terms
Biology Organic Compounds
glycogen
enzymes
nucleic acids
cellulose
a polysaccharide that is used by animals to store their exces…
important in regulating chemical pathways, synthesizing mater…
complex molecules composed of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitro…
a polysaccharide that gives strength and rigidity to plants
glycogen
a polysaccharide that is used by animals to store their exces…
enzymes
important in regulating chemical pathways, synthesizing mater…
10 terms
conceptual biology - organic compounds
compound
organic compound
carbon
hydrocarbon
a substance made of at least two different kinds of atoms che…
a compound containing the element carbon and found in living…
forms as many 4 covalent bonds because it only has 4 electron…
an organic compound containing only C and H
compound
a substance made of at least two different kinds of atoms che…
organic compound
a compound containing the element carbon and found in living…
29 terms
Biology Organic Compound Quiz
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Dehydration Synthesis
Examples of disaccharides:
- Energy use... - Organic... - Same elements - Carbon, hydrogen,…
- Energy storage, used for protection/insulation... - Organic…
Bonding two monomers together to make a larger molecule by re…
- maltose - malt sugar... - lactose - milk sugar... - sucrose - t…
Carbohydrates
- Energy use... - Organic... - Same elements - Carbon, hydrogen,…
Lipids
- Energy storage, used for protection/insulation... - Organic…
5 terms
Biology - Organic Compounds
organic compound
carbon skeleton
hydroxyl group
amino group
carbon-based molecules
the chain of carbon atoms in an organic molecule
hydrogen and oxygen atoms bonded to create the carbon skeleton
nitrogen and two hydrogen atoms
organic compound
carbon-based molecules
carbon skeleton
the chain of carbon atoms in an organic molecule
49 terms
Biology- Organic Compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Macromolecule
Condensation Reaction
1 Molecule
2 molecules
Very large complex combination of molecules
formula that water is a product... monomer + monomer = polymer +…
Monomer
1 Molecule
Polymer
2 molecules
16 terms
Biology Organic Compound/Enzymes
Carbohydrate is the?
monosaccharides are
single sugar molecules are
polysaccharides
main source of energy
sugars
glucose, galactose, fructose
many monomers joined together
Carbohydrate is the?
main source of energy
monosaccharides are
sugars
34 terms
Organic Compounds Biology Vocabulary
organic compounds
valence electrons
macromolecules/ macronutrients
monomer
chemical compounds that contain carbon and that make up livin…
electrons that can be gained, lost, or shared in a chemical r…
the large molecules that make up living organisms, such as pr…
a small molecule that maybe chemically bonded to other like m…
organic compounds
chemical compounds that contain carbon and that make up livin…
valence electrons
electrons that can be gained, lost, or shared in a chemical r…
116 terms
AP Biology Organic Compounds
Element
Compound
Atomic number
Atomic mass
Substancs that can't be broken down by chemical means
Substance consisting of 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio w…
The number of protons a certain element has
Approximation of total mass of an atom
Element
Substancs that can't be broken down by chemical means
Compound
Substance consisting of 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio w…
57 terms
Organic compounds in biology
what is found in all organic compounds?
what are the four major organic compou…
what are the elements that make up car…
what are the elements that make up pro…
Carbon
1. carbohydrates... 2. proteins... 3. lipids... 4. nucleic acids
C, H, O
C, H, O, N
what is found in all organic compounds?
Carbon
what are the four major organic compou…
1. carbohydrates... 2. proteins... 3. lipids... 4. nucleic acids
15 terms
Biology 1 (Organic Compounds)
Carbohydrates
Monosuccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in…
Or simple sugar, contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a r…
When two monosaccharides can combine in a condensation reacti…
A complex molecule composed of three or more monosaccharides.
Carbohydrates
Organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in…
Monosuccharide
Or simple sugar, contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a r…
25 terms
Biology: Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates are...
Composition of carbohydrates
Types of carbohydrates
Types of monosaccharides
Sugars
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Monosaccharide (simple sugars), disaccharide, polysaccharide
Glucose, fructose, galactose (fruit/candy bar)
Carbohydrates are...
Sugars
Composition of carbohydrates
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
29 terms
Organic Compounds Biology
4 macromolecules
carbohydrates consist of
monosaccharides contain
lipids consist of
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
simple sugars (monosaccharides)
carbon, hydrogen, and oygen
fatty acids and glycerol
4 macromolecules
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
carbohydrates consist of
simple sugars (monosaccharides)
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