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Study sets matching "biology organic molecules biochemistry"

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Study sets matching "biology organic molecules biochemistry"

66 terms
Biology: biochemistry of organic molecules
The food you eat
Organic molecules
4 main types of organic molecules
Monomer
How do you get the molecules that make up your body?
Chemical compounds that contain both carbon and hydrogen
Carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, lipids
Single unit of an organic molecule
The food you eat
How do you get the molecules that make up your body?
Organic molecules
Chemical compounds that contain both carbon and hydrogen
48 terms
Biochemistry/Organic Molecules
Proton
Electron
Neutron
Ground State
positively charged subatomic particle
negatively charged subatomic particle
neutrally charged subatomic particle
if all electrons in an atom are at the lowest energy levels
Proton
positively charged subatomic particle
Electron
negatively charged subatomic particle
21 terms
Biochemistry---Organic Molecules
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation Energy
energy requiring process by which atoms or groups of atoms in…
substance that existed before a chemical reaction starts....…
substance formed by a chemical reaction, located to the right…
minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
Chemical Reaction
energy requiring process by which atoms or groups of atoms in…
Reactant
substance that existed before a chemical reaction starts....…
33 terms
Biology Unit 2B: Biochemistry/Organic Molecules/ Carbon
organic compounds
macromolecules
polymer
carbohydrates
(often) macromolecules that contain carbon
large molecules
"many units" - a macromolecule composed of many smaller molec…
organic molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, wi…
organic compounds
(often) macromolecules that contain carbon
macromolecules
large molecules
24 terms
Biochemistry - Organic Molecules
Magnesium
Proton
2
4
Which element is NOT considered a major element in the body?…
Positively charged subatomic particle
Carbon has an atomic number of 6. How many electrons are foun…
Carbon has an atomic number of 6. How many electrons are foun…
Magnesium
Which element is NOT considered a major element in the body?…
Proton
Positively charged subatomic particle
25 terms
Biochemistry Unit - Recognizing Organic Molecules
Amino Acid
Monosaccharide
Glycerol
Phospholipid
Amino Acid
Monosaccharide
13 terms
Biochemistry; Organic Molecules
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
atoms
biological macromolecules
Contain C, H, and usually O; found in carbohydrates, lipids,…
Molecules that do not contain carbon and hydrogen (e.g.; salt…
--the smallest unit of matter that has the characteristics of…
A group of large molecules that interact with biological syst…
organic molecules
Contain C, H, and usually O; found in carbohydrates, lipids,…
inorganic molecules
Molecules that do not contain carbon and hydrogen (e.g.; salt…
39 terms
Biochemistry: Organic Molecules
Organic Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomer
Molecules that have carbon atoms
Big, large molecules
A large molecule consisting of many smaller molecular units,…
The building blocks of polymers
Organic Molecules
Molecules that have carbon atoms
Macromolecules
Big, large molecules
48 terms
Biochemistry/Organic Molecules
Proton
Electron
Neutron
Ground State
positively charged subatomic particle
negatively charged subatomic particle
neutrally charged subatomic particle
if all electrons in an atom are at the lowest energy levels
Proton
positively charged subatomic particle
Electron
negatively charged subatomic particle
20 terms
Organic Molecules & Biochemistry
organic
inorganic
carbohydrates
lipids
a molecule that contains C, H, and O
a molecule that is missing either C, H, and/or O
"sugars," building blocks: simple sugars; used for immediate…
"fats," building blocks: glycerol & fatty acids; used for sto…
organic
a molecule that contains C, H, and O
inorganic
a molecule that is missing either C, H, and/or O
37 terms
Biochemistry & Organic Molecules
Polymers
Momomers
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Chain like molecules made of many similar or repeating units.
Smaller molecules that may be joined together by (the process…
A combining of molecules in which a Hydrogen atom is removed…
Process in which water is used to split a substance into smal…
Polymers
Chain like molecules made of many similar or repeating units.
Momomers
Smaller molecules that may be joined together by (the process…
51 terms
Organic Molecules and Enzymes Biochemistry
polarity
polar molecules
Nonpolar molecules
Intermolecular force
Partial positive charge and partial negative charge that a mo…
have. Partial charges due to unequal sharing water is a polar…
Share electrons equally and do not have partial charges
Between two molecules when a positively charged hydrogen Adam…
polarity
Partial positive charge and partial negative charge that a mo…
polar molecules
have. Partial charges due to unequal sharing water is a polar…
130 terms
biochemistry and organic molecules
atomic number
mass number
atomic mass
isotopes
number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
the sum of the number of protons and neutrons in an atoms nuc…
the total mass of an atom which is the mass in grams of 1 mol…
elements with the same number of neutrons but a different num…
atomic number
number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
mass number
the sum of the number of protons and neutrons in an atoms nuc…
125 terms
Biochemistry and Organic Molecules
Condensation reactions
Function of iron in the body
Function of sodium in the body
Function of calcium in the body
Monomers link covalently... removal of one water per covalent bo…
makes blood red
Nerves send messages when sodium ions are moved from one part…
Involved in muscle contraction and relaxation
Condensation reactions
Monomers link covalently... removal of one water per covalent bo…
Function of iron in the body
makes blood red
102 terms
Biochemistry and Organic Molecules
What are the most frequently occurring…
Why are C, H, O, and N the most freque…
Function of sulfur in the body
Function of calcium in the body
Carbon... Hydrogen... Oxygen... Nitrogen
They are the lightest and most reactive elements
The placement of and sulfur bonds determine a proteins shape
Involved in muscle contraction and relaxation
What are the most frequently occurring…
Carbon... Hydrogen... Oxygen... Nitrogen
Why are C, H, O, and N the most freque…
They are the lightest and most reactive elements
93 terms
Biochemistry and Organic Molecules
What are the most frequently occurring…
Why are C, H, O, and N the most freque…
Function of sulfur in the body
Function of calcium in the body
Carbon... Hydrogen... Oxygen... Nitrogen
They are the lightest and most reactive elements
The placement of and sulfur bonds determine a proteins shape
Involved in muscle contraction and relaxation
What are the most frequently occurring…
Carbon... Hydrogen... Oxygen... Nitrogen
Why are C, H, O, and N the most freque…
They are the lightest and most reactive elements
16 terms
Biochemistry: Organic Molecules
Carbohydrates (name)
Protein (name)
Nucleic Acid (name)
Lipids (name)
Monosaccharide
Amino Acids
Nucleotide
Glyceride and Phospholipid
Carbohydrates (name)
Monosaccharide
Protein (name)
Amino Acids
35 terms
8 Dallastown Biochemistry-Organic Molecules
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
atoms
biological macromolecules
Contain C, H, and usually O; found in carbohydrates, lipids,…
Molecules that do not contain carbon and hydrogen (e.g.; salt…
--the smallest unit of matter that has the characteristics of…
A group of large molecules that interact with biological syst…
organic molecules
Contain C, H, and usually O; found in carbohydrates, lipids,…
inorganic molecules
Molecules that do not contain carbon and hydrogen (e.g.; salt…
63 terms
Biochemistry - Organic Molecules
polar-covalent bond
non bond
other carbon atoms, hydrogen, nitrogen…
remainder (which is the hydrocarbon ch…
electronegativity is far away so there is slight change in th…
almost same electronegativity, so share electrons equally
which atoms does carbon usually bond with
what does R mean
polar-covalent bond
electronegativity is far away so there is slight change in th…
non bond
almost same electronegativity, so share electrons equally
31 terms
Organic Molecules/Biochemistry Vocabulary
Atom
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
The smallest base unit of matter
Parts of the nucleus of the atom that are positively charged
Parts of the nucleus of the atom that are not charged
Smaller particles outside of the nucleus of the atom that are…
Atom
The smallest base unit of matter
Protons
Parts of the nucleus of the atom that are positively charged
8 Dallastown Biochemistry-Organic Molecules
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
atoms
biological macromolecules
Contain C, H, and usually O; found in carbohydrates, lipids,…
Molecules that do not contain carbon and hydrogen (e.g.; salt…
--the smallest unit of matter that has the characteristics of…
A group of large molecules that interact with biological syst…
organic molecules
Contain C, H, and usually O; found in carbohydrates, lipids,…
inorganic molecules
Molecules that do not contain carbon and hydrogen (e.g.; salt…
38 terms
Biochemistry- The Molecules of Life, Biochemistry/Organic Molecules
Functional groups
triglyceride
polypeptides
Hydroxyl
Hydroxyl, Carboxylic, Amines, Phosphate
3 carbon alcohol called glycerol linked 2 three fatty acids.…
15 or more amino acids joined by peptide bonds
-OH polar dissolve in H2O
Functional groups
Hydroxyl, Carboxylic, Amines, Phosphate
triglyceride
3 carbon alcohol called glycerol linked 2 three fatty acids.…
35 terms
Biochemistry-Organic Molecules
Activation Energy
Active site
Atoms
Biological Macromolecules
Energy needed to get a reaction started
Location on the enzyme where the substrate will bind
The smallest unit of matter that has the characteristics of a…
A group of large molecules that interact with biological syst…
Activation Energy
Energy needed to get a reaction started
Active site
Location on the enzyme where the substrate will bind
13 terms
CM Biology Organic Molecules
lipids
Carbohydrates
Simple Sungars
Complex Carbohydrates
the fats found in food... Made of Glycerol and 3 Fatty acids... Fun…
Two types: simple and complex. ... Provide sugars in the form of…
Monosaccarhrides. Found in fruits and extracted from plants,…
Groupings of simple Carbs placed in different orders. Starch:…
lipids
the fats found in food... Made of Glycerol and 3 Fatty acids... Fun…
Carbohydrates
Two types: simple and complex. ... Provide sugars in the form of…
38 terms
Biology: Water and Organic Molecules
Properties of Water
CHNOPS
Chemical Reaction
Atom
Less dense as a solid, three states, universal solvent, slow…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus, and Sulfer
Permanently changes compounds into another
Unit of matter
Properties of Water
Less dense as a solid, three states, universal solvent, slow…
CHNOPS
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus, and Sulfer
24 terms
8 Dallastown Biochemistry-Organic Molecules
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
atoms
biological macromolecules
Contain H, C, and usually O; consist of carbohydrates, lipids…
Molecules that do not contain carbon and hydrogen (e.g.; salt…
--the smallest unit of matter that has the characteristics of…
A group of large molecules that interact with biological syst…
organic molecules
Contain H, C, and usually O; consist of carbohydrates, lipids…
inorganic molecules
Molecules that do not contain carbon and hydrogen (e.g.; salt…
102 terms
biochemistry (atoms, bonding, organic molecules)
what is an element?
what is an atom?
what is a proton?
what is an electron?
the primary building block substances that cannot be broken d…
the smallest part of an element that still shows that element…
the positive subatomic part of an atom found inside the nucleus
the negative subatomic part of an atom found orbiting around…
what is an element?
the primary building block substances that cannot be broken d…
what is an atom?
the smallest part of an element that still shows that element…
35 terms
8 Dallastown Biochemistry-Organic Molecules
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
atoms
biological macromolecules
Contain C, H, and usually O; found in carbohydrates, lipids,…
Molecules that do not contain carbon and hydrogen (e.g.; salt…
--the smallest unit of matter that has the characteristics of…
A group of large molecules that interact with biological syst…
organic molecules
Contain C, H, and usually O; found in carbohydrates, lipids,…
inorganic molecules
Molecules that do not contain carbon and hydrogen (e.g.; salt…
28 terms
(Biochemistry)Organic Molecules
True or False: Inorganic molecules are…
Organic molecules are....
What element is ALWAYS found in an org…
Life on earth is ________________- bas…
FALSE (inorganic molecules are NOT made by life)
organisms that are made by and come from life
Carbon (hydrogen and oxygen are usually in organic molecules…
Carbon-based; Carbon is so essential on Earth because it can…
True or False: Inorganic molecules are…
FALSE (inorganic molecules are NOT made by life)
Organic molecules are....
organisms that are made by and come from life
64 terms
AP Biology: Organic Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomer
Dehydration Synthesis
Molecules composed of thousands of atoms: the four main class…
Chainlike molecules, consisting of many similar or identical…
Make up polymers: connected by covalent bonds.
Removing water to create a bond.
Macromolecules
Molecules composed of thousands of atoms: the four main class…
Polymer
Chainlike molecules, consisting of many similar or identical…
36 terms
Organic Molecules Notes (biochemistry)
Has carbon
Doesn't have carbon... Exception: CO2
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Ph…
Why is carbon so important?
Organic
Inorganic
CHONPS
Four valence electrons, can bond with itself, and create many…
Has carbon
Organic
Doesn't have carbon... Exception: CO2
Inorganic
21 terms
Biochemistry: Organic molecules
What defines an 'organic molecules?'
What shape does carbon make when all f…
What other shapes does carbon make?
Are carbon chains prominent in organic…
Carbon based organisms usually also have hydrogen, too... but…
Carbon has 4 unpaired valence electrons and it forms covalent…
...or it can have single, double, or even triple bonds. It's…
Carbon chains are backbone of most organic compounds
What defines an 'organic molecules?'
Carbon based organisms usually also have hydrogen, too... but…
What shape does carbon make when all f…
Carbon has 4 unpaired valence electrons and it forms covalent…
50 terms
3 - Biochemistry - The Molecules of Life, Biochemistry- The Molecules of Life, Biochemistry/Organic Molecules
organic compounds
monosaccharides
starch
glycogen
any molecule that contains carbon
monomers that have one sugar and one carbon... glucose, fructose…
a polysaccharide... we store this in our body as maltose... ex. gly…
carbohydrate that functions for medium term energy storage... gl…
organic compounds
any molecule that contains carbon
monosaccharides
monomers that have one sugar and one carbon... glucose, fructose…
36 terms
Biochemistry/organic molecules
Activation energy
Active site
Amino acid
ATP
The minimum amout of energy needed for reactants to form prod…
The specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme
Small compound that are made of carbon nitrogen oxygen hydrog…
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
Activation energy
The minimum amout of energy needed for reactants to form prod…
Active site
The specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme
114 terms
Biochemistry - Organic Molecules, Macromolecules, and Vocabulary
Magnesium
Proton
2
4
Which element is NOT considered a major element in the body?…
Positively charged subatomic particle
Carbon has an atomic number of 6. How many electrons are foun…
Carbon has an atomic number of 6. How many electrons are foun…
Magnesium
Which element is NOT considered a major element in the body?…
Proton
Positively charged subatomic particle
45 terms
Biochemistry Organic Molecules biomolecules
Monomer
Polymer
Four kinds of organic molecules
Function for carbohydrates
Single molecule/subunit
Large molecule/macromolecule=many bonded monomers
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids
Provides energy for cells- main source of energy for cells. M…
Monomer
Single molecule/subunit
Polymer
Large molecule/macromolecule=many bonded monomers
29 terms
Organic Molecules Biochemistry
Carb Examples
Carb Function
Carb Building Blocks
Monosaccharides
sugar, starch, glycogen, fiber, grain
energy source
monosaccharides, disaccharides, polysaccharides
one sugar molecule (glucose and fructose)
Carb Examples
sugar, starch, glycogen, fiber, grain
Carb Function
energy source
13 terms
Biochemistry-Organic Molecules
Atoms
Biological Macromolecules
dehydration Synthesis
Functional groups
The smallest unit of matter that has the characteristics of a…
A group of large molecules that interact with biological syst…
a chemical reaction in which two molecules are bonded togethe…
Give a molecule distinctive properties; alcohol group, carbox…
Atoms
The smallest unit of matter that has the characteristics of a…
Biological Macromolecules
A group of large molecules that interact with biological syst…
50 terms
Biochemistry/ Organic Molecules
What are inorganic molecules
Hydrocarbons
Hydrophobic
Hydrophollic
Non-carbon molecules
Organic molecules composed of only carbon and hydrogen
Dislikes water-Non Polar
Likes water -Polar
What are inorganic molecules
Non-carbon molecules
Hydrocarbons
Organic molecules composed of only carbon and hydrogen
35 terms
Biochemistry-Organic Molecules
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
atoms
biological macromolecules
Contain C, H, and usually O; found in carbohydrates, lipids,…
Molecules that do not contain carbon and hydrogen (e.g.; salt…
--the smallest unit of matter that has the characteristics of…
A group of large molecules that interact with biological syst…
organic molecules
Contain C, H, and usually O; found in carbohydrates, lipids,…
inorganic molecules
Molecules that do not contain carbon and hydrogen (e.g.; salt…
9 terms
Biochemistry-Organic Molecules 3
Activation
Active Site
Catalyst
Coenzyme
The energy needed to get reaction started
Location on the enzyme where the substrate will bind
Increases the rate of a reaction without being consumed by th…
Organic molecule associated with an enzyme to help in a react…
Activation
The energy needed to get reaction started
Active Site
Location on the enzyme where the substrate will bind
13 terms
Biochemistry-organic Molecules 2
Carbohydrates
Disaccharide
Essential amino acids
Lipids
Composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Main source of ener…
A double sugar, consisting of two monosaccharides joined by d…
10 of the 20 amino acids because they are required in the die…
A group of organic compounds composed mostly of carbon and hy…
Carbohydrates
Composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Main source of ener…
Disaccharide
A double sugar, consisting of two monosaccharides joined by d…
16 terms
biology organic molecules worksheet
basis
join together
building blocks
behave
foundation of an idea (base)
to unite (unirse)
basic components (components basicos)
act (comportarse)
basis
foundation of an idea (base)
join together
to unite (unirse)
59 terms
Biochemistry- Organic Molecules
what elements are lipids composed of?
what elements are carbs composed of?
what elements are proteins composed of?
what elements are nucleic acids compos…
C, H, O (more carbon and hydrogen)
C, H, O (1:2:1 ratio)
C, H, O, N
C, H, O, N, P
what elements are lipids composed of?
C, H, O (more carbon and hydrogen)
what elements are carbs composed of?
C, H, O (1:2:1 ratio)
54 terms
Carbon and Organic Molecules- Biochemistry
Organic Molecules
Macromolecule
Polymerization
All living things are....
molecules baded on carbon, specifically, carbon linked to hyd…
large, complex organic molecules... -often consists of smaller m…
creating a polymer process of taking monomer to create polymer
carbon based
Organic Molecules
molecules baded on carbon, specifically, carbon linked to hyd…
Macromolecule
large, complex organic molecules... -often consists of smaller m…
77 terms
Biochemistry - Organic Molecules & Energy Changes
orbital
polar covalent bond
potential energy
product
3D space where an electron is found 90% of the time
covalent bond between atoms that differ in electronegativity
energy stored by matter as a result of its location and spati…
ending material in a chemical reaction
orbital
3D space where an electron is found 90% of the time
polar covalent bond
covalent bond between atoms that differ in electronegativity
13 terms
Biochemistry - Organic Biological Molecules
What makes organic molecules different…
What are examples of organic molecules?
Monomer
Polymer
Organic molecules contain carbon.
Carbohydrates, Fats, Proteins, Nucleic Acids and ATP.
A single subunit; a unit molecule.
A large molecule formed from repeating subunits or smaller mo…
What makes organic molecules different…
Organic molecules contain carbon.
What are examples of organic molecules?
Carbohydrates, Fats, Proteins, Nucleic Acids and ATP.
65 terms
Biochemistry/Organic molecules
The atom
Protons
Electrons
Neutrons
The basic unit of all things
Positive charge
Negative charge
No charge(neutral)
The atom
The basic unit of all things
Protons
Positive charge
35 terms
8 Dallastown Biochemistry-Organic Molecules
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
atoms
biological macromolecules
Contain C, H, and usually O; found in carbohydrates, lipids,…
Molecules that do not contain carbon and hydrogen (e.g.; salt…
--the smallest unit of matter that has the characteristics of…
A group of large molecules that interact with biological syst…
organic molecules
Contain C, H, and usually O; found in carbohydrates, lipids,…
inorganic molecules
Molecules that do not contain carbon and hydrogen (e.g.; salt…
28 terms
(Biochemistry)Organic Molecules
True or False: Inorganic molecules are…
Organic molecules are....
What element is ALWAYS found in an org…
Life on earth is ________________- bas…
FALSE (inorganic molecules are NOT made by life)
organisms that are made by and come from life
Carbon (hydrogen and oxygen are usually in organic molecules…
Carbon-based; Carbon is so essential on Earth because it can…
True or False: Inorganic molecules are…
FALSE (inorganic molecules are NOT made by life)
Organic molecules are....
organisms that are made by and come from life
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