Study sets matching "biology organic"

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Study sets matching "biology organic"

20 terms
Organism Biology
Unicellular
Multicellular
Producer
Consumer
having or consisting of a single cell.
composed of several or many cells.
An organism, as a plant, that is able to produce its own food…
An organism, usually an animal, that feeds on plants or other…
Unicellular
having or consisting of a single cell.
Multicellular
composed of several or many cells.
Biology organic
Acid
Compound
Ionic bond
Covalent bond
Solution which contains a greater number of hydrogen ions tha…
Two or more different elements chemically joined
Formed when atoms transfer electrons
Formed when atoms share electrons
Acid
Solution which contains a greater number of hydrogen ions tha…
Compound
Two or more different elements chemically joined
Biology-organisms
ATP
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
Plants, some Protista, and some bacter…
Energy carrying molecule
Process by which light energy is converted into chemical ener…
Process by which chemical energy is converted into ATP, a typ…
Photosynthesis
ATP
Energy carrying molecule
Photosynthesis
Process by which light energy is converted into chemical ener…
Biology Organic Molecules
carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, ph…
covalent bond
hydrogen bond
ionic bond
six most abundant bulk elements to make the major classes of…
strong bonds. shared electrons
bond between partially positive and partially negative atoms
bond between one fully positive and fully negative ion
carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, ph…
six most abundant bulk elements to make the major classes of…
covalent bond
strong bonds. shared electrons
33 terms
Biology Review: Organic Compounds
What are the 4 main categories of orga…
What are the monomers of proteins?
What are the monomers of carbohydrates?
What are the smaller units, or buildin…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, & nucleic acid
Amino acids
Monosaccharides (simple sugars)
1 glycerol & 3 fatty acids
What are the 4 main categories of orga…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, & nucleic acid
What are the monomers of proteins?
Amino acids
11 terms
Biology Honors Organization of Organisms
Cell
Tissue
Cell example
Tissue example
Basic unit of structure and function. Contains organelles tha…
Two or more cells that were together to accomplish a task
Muscle cell
-muscle... -skin: epithelial... -connective tissue (ex. Blood)... -ner…
Cell
Basic unit of structure and function. Contains organelles tha…
Tissue
Two or more cells that were together to accomplish a task
24 terms
Biology organisms
Planaria
Bacteria
Algae
Volvox
Famous for their ability to regenerate
Bacteria lives in both aquatic and terrestral ecosystems... Tiny…
Plant like organisms... Belong to protist... Permits photosynthesis
Thousands of cells... Multicellular plants... Moves back and forth…
Planaria
Famous for their ability to regenerate
Bacteria
Bacteria lives in both aquatic and terrestral ecosystems... Tiny…
11 terms
Biology Organisms
jumping bristletail
wheel bug
centipede
cicada
wingless... 3 tail structure... live in leaf litter, moist soil... jum…
assassin bug... uses a fang (proboscis) to pierce prey... sucks jui…
class chilopoda... 15 set of legs... live in cool, wet, dark enviro…
insect life cycle:... egg... larvae... pupa... adult... underground... rise eve…
jumping bristletail
wingless... 3 tail structure... live in leaf litter, moist soil... jum…
wheel bug
assassin bug... uses a fang (proboscis) to pierce prey... sucks jui…
Biology - organisms
MRS GRENC
Six-kingdom classification system
7 level classification system
Specialised cells
Every living thing needs these characteristics
Viruses, Bacteria, Protoctists, Fungi, Plants and Animals
kingdom-phylum-class-order-family-genus-species
Cells that have a special job to do in the body and have a st…
MRS GRENC
Every living thing needs these characteristics
Six-kingdom classification system
Viruses, Bacteria, Protoctists, Fungi, Plants and Animals
Biology- Organisms
ATP
ADP
Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
-Adenosine triphosphate; special molecule that stores and rel…
-Adenosine diphosphate; one less phosphate group than ATP... -Nu…
-Process for breaking down carbohydrates for ATP... -Occurs in t…
-Process of trapping energy from the Sun and use the energy t…
ATP
-Adenosine triphosphate; special molecule that stores and rel…
ADP
-Adenosine diphosphate; one less phosphate group than ATP... -Nu…
Biology - Mixtures & Organic Compounds
Element
Compound
Mixture
Solution
A substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means and…
Two or more elements combined by chemical bonding. The elemen…
A combination of substances in which the individual component…
A mixture in which one or more substances (solute) are distri…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means and…
Compound
Two or more elements combined by chemical bonding. The elemen…
19 terms
Biology - Organic Chemistry
Characteristics of Carbon that make it…
Four Major Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
*Has 4 electrons in its outer shell... *Can form covalent bonds…
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
Organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.…
The basic units of carbohydrates - examples are glucose and f…
Characteristics of Carbon that make it…
*Has 4 electrons in its outer shell... *Can form covalent bonds…
Four Major Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
13 terms
Biology: Organic Chemistry - Lipids
Lipids
Elements Of Lipids
Functions
Lipids, Polar Or Non
Fat
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
1. Provide Energy ... 2. Builds Cell Membrane ... 3. Helps make Ho…
Nonpolar
Lipids
Fat
Elements Of Lipids
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
40 terms
Biology: Organic Chemistry Unit
Everything in the universe is either _…
Atoms chemically combine ______ which…
Monomer
Polymer
matter or energy
monomers ... polymers
many atoms joined together to form a small molecule (subunit)
Many monomers put together to make a larger molecule
Everything in the universe is either _…
matter or energy
Atoms chemically combine ______ which…
monomers ... polymers
IB biology, organic molecules
cohesion
adhesion
high latent heat of vaporisation
advantages of of water being a solvent
attraction between molecules of some type
attraction between molecules of different type
a large amount of energy is needed to vaporise water
polar compounds will dissolve in water, large compounds such…
cohesion
attraction between molecules of some type
adhesion
attraction between molecules of different type
20 terms
Biology Organic Molecules & Dissections
ORGANIC MOLECULES
Monomer
Polymerization - Dehydration Synthesis
Types of Polymerization
-Organic compounds in living things... -Macromolecules, meaning…
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
-Large compounds are built by joining smaller ones together... -…
Carbohydrates= Glycosidic bond... Proteins= Peptide bond... Nucleic…
ORGANIC MOLECULES
-Organic compounds in living things... -Macromolecules, meaning…
Monomer
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
Biology: Organ Systems Functions
Circulatory System
Digestive System
Endocrine System
Excretory System
Carries nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food, removes wastes, mai…
Controls body temperature, metabolism, development, and repro…
Removes wastes from blood; regulates concentration of body fl…
Circulatory System
Carries nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Digestive System
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food, removes wastes, mai…
15 terms
Biology organs
Kidney
Muscle
Liver
Lungs
Seperates waste from water
Cells that can be constricted and expanded
Cleans waste from the body
Filters air
Kidney
Seperates waste from water
Muscle
Cells that can be constricted and expanded
Organic Biology
Which elements make up a Carbohydrate?
What ratio is a carbohydrate's element…
If a sugar compound has 11 oxogen atom…
Is C3H8O3 a carbohydrate
C,H,O
1:2:1
22
no
Which elements make up a Carbohydrate?
C,H,O
What ratio is a carbohydrate's element…
1:2:1
15 terms
Biology: Levels of Organization
Hierarchy
Atom
Molecule
Macromolecule
A system or organization in which groups are ranked one above…
the smallest unit of matter
two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds
a very large molecule commonly created by joining of smaller…
Hierarchy
A system or organization in which groups are ranked one above…
Atom
the smallest unit of matter
AP Biology organic molecules
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Saturated fatty acid
Unsaturated fatty acid
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Biology:organs & organ systems
Digestive system
Digestion
Enzymes
Circulatory system
Stomach, small and large intestines
The breaking down of large insoluble molecules into smaller s…
Special chemically which digest large insoluble food molecule…
Heart,veins and arteries
Digestive system
Stomach, small and large intestines
Digestion
The breaking down of large insoluble molecules into smaller s…
Biology- Organic macromolocules
list all organic molocules
everyday names for each organic molocule
functions of carbohydrates
functions of proteins
carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, lipids
carbohydrate- sugar, starch, cellulose... proteins- proteins pol…
major- main source of energy for living things... minor- plants…
- helps fight diseases... - forms bones and muscles, transport s…
list all organic molocules
carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, lipids
everyday names for each organic molocule
carbohydrate- sugar, starch, cellulose... proteins- proteins pol…
45 terms
IB Biology Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
valence electron
vitalism
macromolecule
scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions…
an electron in an outer shell of an atom that can be lost to…
early idea that "organics" ... only come from living things,
BIG molecules
Organic Chemistry
scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions…
valence electron
an electron in an outer shell of an atom that can be lost to…
38 terms
Biology; Organics
carbon
polymers
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
has 4 valence electrons so loves to covalently bond
made up of monomers
when monomers connect in nucleic acids to form organic compou…
when water is needed to digest/eat to break down organic comp…
carbon
has 4 valence electrons so loves to covalently bond
polymers
made up of monomers
Biology Organic Molecules
lipids
Carbohydrates
Simple Carbohydrates
Complex Carbohydrates
the fats found in food, used in creating cell membrane becaus…
Two types: simple and complex. Provide sugars in the form of…
Glucose. Found in fruits and extracted from plants, sugar is…
Groupings of simple Carbs placed in different orders. Starch:…
lipids
the fats found in food, used in creating cell membrane becaus…
Carbohydrates
Two types: simple and complex. Provide sugars in the form of…
51 terms
Organic Molecules (Biology)
organic
inorganic
hydrophobic
hydrophilic
of, relating to, or derived from living matter
not consisting of or deriving from living matter
tending to repel or fail to mix with water
having a tendency to mix with, dissolve in, or be wetted by w…
organic
of, relating to, or derived from living matter
inorganic
not consisting of or deriving from living matter
Biology 101: Organic Compounds
Carbon
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Functional Groups
bonds to 4 other atoms; branches in 4 directions
Only C and H
same formula different arrangement
parts of a molecule attached to C skeleton
Carbon
bonds to 4 other atoms; branches in 4 directions
Hydrocarbons
Only C and H
biology: organic molecules
carbs
elements/functions of carbs
monosaccharides
glucose
consists of monomers called monosaccharides
quick energy = 1st; short-term energy storage - converted to…
a single sugar; monomer of carbohydrates
{monosaccharide} "blood sugar"; immediate source of energy fo…
carbs
consists of monomers called monosaccharides
elements/functions of carbs
quick energy = 1st; short-term energy storage - converted to…
29 terms
Biology 1 Organic Compositions
Carbohydrates
Lipids (triglycerides)
Nucleic acids
Proteins
Monomers -Saccharides (Glucose)... Elements - Carbon, Hydrogen,…
Monomers - glycerol, fatty acids... Elements - carbon Hydrogen... F…
Monomers - nucleotide ... Elements - carbon, Hydrogen, nitrogen,…
Monomers - amino acids... Elements - carbon, Hydrogen, oxygen, n…
Carbohydrates
Monomers -Saccharides (Glucose)... Elements - Carbon, Hydrogen,…
Lipids (triglycerides)
Monomers - glycerol, fatty acids... Elements - carbon Hydrogen... F…
Biology Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates
Monomer
Polymer
Monosaccharide
Elements: Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen... 1:2:1 ratio... Function: Stor…
Building blocks
Larger - made of smaller molecules
One single sugar molecule... Ex. Glucose, fructose, gatacrose
Carbohydrates
Elements: Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen... 1:2:1 ratio... Function: Stor…
Monomer
Building blocks
AP Biology Organic Chemicals
hydroxyl
carbonyl
carboxyl ... carboxylic acids
amino... amines
polar... water soluble... alcohols... -OH
polar... water soluble... ketone and aldehyde... >CO
polar... water soluble... acid... -COOH
polar... water soluble... weak bases... found in amino acids... -NH2
hydroxyl
polar... water soluble... alcohols... -OH
carbonyl
polar... water soluble... ketone and aldehyde... >CO
Biology: Organs
Testis
Thymus Gland
Uterus
Kidney
produce sperm and male hormones (testosterone)
endocrine and immune system, produces hormones
nurtures fertilized ovum until ready for birth
filters water and wastes from blood, excretes products as uri…
Testis
produce sperm and male hormones (testosterone)
Thymus Gland
endocrine and immune system, produces hormones
Honors Biology - Organic Macromolecules
Organic compounds
Inorganic compounds
Hydrocarbon
CHNOPS
All contain carbon and are naturally occurring in organisms
Typically do not contain carbon; include water, salts, and mi…
Simplest organic compounds, made up of only hydrogen and carb…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur ar…
Organic compounds
All contain carbon and are naturally occurring in organisms
Inorganic compounds
Typically do not contain carbon; include water, salts, and mi…
biologie Organs
stomach
gullet
liver
kidney
stomach
gullet
14 terms
Organization in Biology
Biosphere
Ecosystem
Community
Population
All of the earths ecosystem together- a very thin layer of li…
A biological community + abiotic factors
All of the populations living in the same geographical area a…
A group of individuals of the same species living in the same…
Biosphere
All of the earths ecosystem together- a very thin layer of li…
Ecosystem
A biological community + abiotic factors
47 terms
biology (organic chemistry)
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
monomer
polymer
any molecule with a carbon to carbon and or carbon to hydroge…
- anything else... - ex: H2O (water)
forms a polymer... - single unit (subunit) that when bonded to…
formed from more than 2 monomers bonded together
organic molecules
any molecule with a carbon to carbon and or carbon to hydroge…
inorganic molecules
- anything else... - ex: H2O (water)
29 terms
Biology-Organisms
water cycle source
carbon cycle source
nitrogen cycle source
phosphorous cycle source
the ocean, atmosphere, ground water
man made
nitrogen in the atmosphere
on land in rock and soil minerals
water cycle source
the ocean, atmosphere, ground water
carbon cycle source
man made
70 terms
Biology 12 - Organic Chemistry
Carbon, Hydrogen
85
Covalent
Ionic
Organic Chemistry is the study where the principle element is…
__% of all known compounds are organic
Organic compounds have ________ bonds
Inorganic compounds have ______ bonds
Carbon, Hydrogen
Organic Chemistry is the study where the principle element is…
85
__% of all known compounds are organic
Organic chemistry Ap. Biology
Protein folding determine by
saturated
unsaturated
neutral fat
how Many acids interact with water... Substrate
straight
kinks- oils- olive, fish
lipid
Protein folding determine by
how Many acids interact with water... Substrate
saturated
straight
24 terms
Biology Organic Molecules
activation energy
catalyst
substrate
active sites
min. amount of energy required for reactants to form products…
substance that lowers activation energy needed
molecules that enzymes act on
specific shape of folds
activation energy
min. amount of energy required for reactants to form products…
catalyst
substance that lowers activation energy needed
44 terms
Biology: organic molecules
Monomer
dimer
polymer
Dehydration synthesis
one part
two parts
many parts
Monomers bond together and remove a water molecule. A new pol…
Monomer
one part
dimer
two parts
49 terms
Biology Water and Organic Molecules
Properties of Water
CHNOPS
Chemical Reaction
Atom
Less dense as a solid, three states, universal solvent, slow…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus, and Sulfer
Permanently changes compounds into another
Unit of matter
Properties of Water
Less dense as a solid, three states, universal solvent, slow…
CHNOPS
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus, and Sulfer
12 terms
Biology Organ
Salivary Glands
Mouth
Liver
Oesophagus
Produce saliva and pour it into the mouth through salivary du…
Here food enters the alimentary canal
Produces bile, which helps to neutralise acidic chyme, helps…
Muscular tube which helps food move to the stomach by perista…
Salivary Glands
Produce saliva and pour it into the mouth through salivary du…
Mouth
Here food enters the alimentary canal
Organizations in Biology
Atom
Molecule
Organelle
Cell
First level of organization
Second level of organization
Third level of organization
Fourth level of organization
Atom
First level of organization
Molecule
Second level of organization
Biology - Organs
Bladder
Diaphram
Esophagus
Gall Bladder
Excretory - organ that collects urine
Respiratory - tissue muscle that separates the thorax and abd…
Digestive - muscular tube in which food passes
Digestive - aids in the digestive process, stores bile produc…
Bladder
Excretory - organ that collects urine
Diaphram
Respiratory - tissue muscle that separates the thorax and abd…
Biology - Organs
Brain
Lungs
Heart
Stomach
The control centre of the nervous system, responsible for beh…
Exchange gases - involved of respiration and breathing.
Needed for pumping the body.
Involved in digestion.
Brain
The control centre of the nervous system, responsible for beh…
Lungs
Exchange gases - involved of respiration and breathing.
Biology Organisms
Bryophyta
Filicinophyta
Coniferophyta
Angiospermophyta
phylum of moss
phylum of ferns
phylum of conifers
phylum of flowers
Bryophyta
phylum of moss
Filicinophyta
phylum of ferns
16 terms
H. Biology - Organic Compunds
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Dehydration Synthesis
Disaccharide
contains an amino group on one end and a carboxyl group on th…
compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; used for e…
removal of water to put polymers together
two sugars
Amino Acid
contains an amino group on one end and a carboxyl group on th…
Carbohydrate
compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; used for e…
67 terms
Organic Chemistry Biology
What is Carbon in relation to Organic…
What are the forms of Carbon?
Carbon makes _____________ molecules
Carbon based molecules are what?
The most important element
Diamond, lead and coal
Large, complex
Organic and alive
What is Carbon in relation to Organic…
The most important element
What are the forms of Carbon?
Diamond, lead and coal
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