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Study sets matching "biology organic"

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Study sets matching "biology organic"

14 terms
Biology - organisms
Plants - 4 features
Animals - 6 features
Fungi - 6 features
What is Saprotrophic nutrition?
Multicellular... Have chloroplasts - photosynthesis... Cell walls m…
Multicellular... Don't have chloroplasts = X photosynthesis... Don'…
Some are single-celled... Others have body called a mycelium whi…
Secrete extracellular enzymes into area outside their body to…
Plants - 4 features
Multicellular... Have chloroplasts - photosynthesis... Cell walls m…
Animals - 6 features
Multicellular... Don't have chloroplasts = X photosynthesis... Don'…
40 terms
Biology organic
Acid
Compound
Ionic bond
Covalent bond
Solution which contains a greater number of hydrogen ions tha…
Two or more different elements chemically joined
Formed when atoms transfer electrons
Formed when atoms share electrons
Acid
Solution which contains a greater number of hydrogen ions tha…
Compound
Two or more different elements chemically joined
7 terms
Biology-organisms
ATP
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
Plants, some Protista, and some bacter…
Energy carrying molecule
Process by which light energy is converted into chemical ener…
Process by which chemical energy is converted into ATP, a typ…
Photosynthesis
ATP
Energy carrying molecule
Photosynthesis
Process by which light energy is converted into chemical ener…
33 terms
Biology Review: Organic Compounds
What are the 4 main categories of orga…
What are the monomers of proteins?
What are the monomers of carbohydrates?
What are the smaller units, or buildin…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, & nucleic acid
Amino acids
Monosaccharides (simple sugars)
1 glycerol & 3 fatty acids
What are the 4 main categories of orga…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, & nucleic acid
What are the monomers of proteins?
Amino acids
Biology Organic Molecules
carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, ph…
covalent bond
hydrogen bond
ionic bond
six most abundant bulk elements to make the major classes of…
strong bonds. shared electrons
bond between partially positive and partially negative atoms
bond between one fully positive and fully negative ion
carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, ph…
six most abundant bulk elements to make the major classes of…
covalent bond
strong bonds. shared electrons
11 terms
Biology Organisms
jumping bristletail
wheel bug
centipede
cicada
wingless... 3 tail structure... live in leaf litter, moist soil... jum…
assassin bug... uses a fang (proboscis) to pierce prey... sucks jui…
class chilopoda... 15 set of legs... live in cool, wet, dark enviro…
insect life cycle:... egg... larvae... pupa... adult... underground... rise eve…
jumping bristletail
wingless... 3 tail structure... live in leaf litter, moist soil... jum…
wheel bug
assassin bug... uses a fang (proboscis) to pierce prey... sucks jui…
11 terms
Biology Honors Organization of Organisms
Cell
Tissue
Cell example
Tissue example
Basic unit of structure and function. Contains organelles tha…
Two or more cells that were together to accomplish a task
Muscle cell
-muscle... -skin: epithelial... -connective tissue (ex. Blood)... -ner…
Cell
Basic unit of structure and function. Contains organelles tha…
Tissue
Two or more cells that were together to accomplish a task
24 terms
Biology organisms
Planaria
Bacteria
Algae
Volvox
Famous for their ability to regenerate
Bacteria lives in both aquatic and terrestral ecosystems... Tiny…
Plant like organisms... Belong to protist... Permits photosynthesis
Thousands of cells... Multicellular plants... Moves back and forth…
Planaria
Famous for their ability to regenerate
Bacteria
Bacteria lives in both aquatic and terrestral ecosystems... Tiny…
10 terms
Biology- Organisms
ATP
ADP
Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
-Adenosine triphosphate; special molecule that stores and rel…
-Adenosine diphosphate; one less phosphate group than ATP... -Nu…
-Process for breaking down carbohydrates for ATP... -Occurs in t…
-Process of trapping energy from the Sun and use the energy t…
ATP
-Adenosine triphosphate; special molecule that stores and rel…
ADP
-Adenosine diphosphate; one less phosphate group than ATP... -Nu…
21 terms
Biology - organisms
MRS GRENC
Six-kingdom classification system
7 level classification system
Specialised cells
Every living thing needs these characteristics
Viruses, Bacteria, Protoctists, Fungi, Plants and Animals
kingdom-phylum-class-order-family-genus-species
Cells that have a special job to do in the body and have a st…
MRS GRENC
Every living thing needs these characteristics
Six-kingdom classification system
Viruses, Bacteria, Protoctists, Fungi, Plants and Animals
43 terms
Biology - Mixtures & Organic Compounds
Element
Compound
Mixture
Solution
A substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means and…
Two or more elements combined by chemical bonding. The elemen…
A combination of substances in which the individual component…
A mixture in which one or more substances (solute) are distri…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means and…
Compound
Two or more elements combined by chemical bonding. The elemen…
13 terms
Biology: Organic Chemistry - Lipids
Lipids
Elements Of Lipids
Functions
Lipids, Polar Or Non
Fat
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
1. Provide Energy ... 2. Builds Cell Membrane ... 3. Helps make Ho…
Nonpolar
Lipids
Fat
Elements Of Lipids
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
40 terms
Biology: Organic Chemistry Unit
Everything in the universe is either _…
Atoms chemically combine ______ which…
Monomer
Polymer
matter or energy
monomers ... polymers
many atoms joined together to form a small molecule (subunit)
Many monomers put together to make a larger molecule
Everything in the universe is either _…
matter or energy
Atoms chemically combine ______ which…
monomers ... polymers
Organic Biology
Which elements make up a Carbohydrate?
What ratio is a carbohydrate's element…
If a sugar compound has 11 oxogen atom…
Is C3H8O3 a carbohydrate
C,H,O
1:2:1
22
no
Which elements make up a Carbohydrate?
C,H,O
What ratio is a carbohydrate's element…
1:2:1
20 terms
Biology Organic Molecules & Dissections
ORGANIC MOLECULES
Monomer
Polymerization - Dehydration Synthesis
Types of Polymerization
-Organic compounds in living things... -Macromolecules, meaning…
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
-Large compounds are built by joining smaller ones together... -…
Carbohydrates= Glycosidic bond... Proteins= Peptide bond... Nucleic…
ORGANIC MOLECULES
-Organic compounds in living things... -Macromolecules, meaning…
Monomer
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
101 terms
IB biology, organic molecules
cohesion
adhesion
high latent heat of vaporisation
advantages of of water being a solvent
attraction between molecules of some type
attraction between molecules of different type
a large amount of energy is needed to vaporise water
polar compounds will dissolve in water, large compounds such…
cohesion
attraction between molecules of some type
adhesion
attraction between molecules of different type
15 terms
Biology: Levels of Organization
Hierarchy
Atom
Molecule
Macromolecule
A system or organization in which groups are ranked one above…
the smallest unit of matter
two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds
a very large molecule commonly created by joining of smaller…
Hierarchy
A system or organization in which groups are ranked one above…
Atom
the smallest unit of matter
8 terms
AP Biology organic molecules
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Saturated fatty acid
Unsaturated fatty acid
Carbohydrate
Lipid
8 terms
Biology:organs & organ systems
Digestive system
Digestion
Enzymes
Circulatory system
Stomach, small and large intestines
The breaking down of large insoluble molecules into smaller s…
Special chemically which digest large insoluble food molecule…
Heart,veins and arteries
Digestive system
Stomach, small and large intestines
Digestion
The breaking down of large insoluble molecules into smaller s…
45 terms
IB Biology Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
valence electron
vitalism
macromolecule
scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions…
an electron in an outer shell of an atom that can be lost to…
early idea that "organics" ... only come from living things,
BIG molecules
Organic Chemistry
scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions…
valence electron
an electron in an outer shell of an atom that can be lost to…
51 terms
Organic Molecules (Biology)
organic
inorganic
hydrophobic
hydrophilic
of, relating to, or derived from living matter
not consisting of or deriving from living matter
tending to repel or fail to mix with water
having a tendency to mix with, dissolve in, or be wetted by w…
organic
of, relating to, or derived from living matter
inorganic
not consisting of or deriving from living matter
17 terms
Biology 101: Organic Compounds
Carbon
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Functional Groups
bonds to 4 other atoms; branches in 4 directions
Only C and H
same formula different arrangement
parts of a molecule attached to C skeleton
Carbon
bonds to 4 other atoms; branches in 4 directions
Hydrocarbons
Only C and H
42 terms
biology: organic molecules
carbs
elements/functions of carbs
monosaccharides
glucose
consists of monomers called monosaccharides
quick energy = 1st; short-term energy storage - converted to…
a single sugar; monomer of carbohydrates
{monosaccharide} "blood sugar"; immediate source of energy fo…
carbs
consists of monomers called monosaccharides
elements/functions of carbs
quick energy = 1st; short-term energy storage - converted to…
29 terms
Biology 1 Organic Compositions
Carbohydrates
Lipids (triglycerides)
Nucleic acids
Proteins
Monomers -Saccharides (Glucose)... Elements - Carbon, Hydrogen,…
Monomers - glycerol, fatty acids... Elements - carbon Hydrogen... F…
Monomers - nucleotide ... Elements - carbon, Hydrogen, nitrogen,…
Monomers - amino acids... Elements - carbon, Hydrogen, oxygen, n…
Carbohydrates
Monomers -Saccharides (Glucose)... Elements - Carbon, Hydrogen,…
Lipids (triglycerides)
Monomers - glycerol, fatty acids... Elements - carbon Hydrogen... F…
8 terms
Biology Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates
Monomer
Polymer
Monosaccharide
Elements: Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen... 1:2:1 ratio... Function: Stor…
Building blocks
Larger - made of smaller molecules
One single sugar molecule... Ex. Glucose, fructose, gatacrose
Carbohydrates
Elements: Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen... 1:2:1 ratio... Function: Stor…
Monomer
Building blocks
38 terms
Biology; Organics
carbon
polymers
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
has 4 valence electrons so loves to covalently bond
made up of monomers
when monomers connect in nucleic acids to form organic compou…
when water is needed to digest/eat to break down organic comp…
carbon
has 4 valence electrons so loves to covalently bond
polymers
made up of monomers
29 terms
Biology- Organic macromolocules
list all organic molocules
everyday names for each organic molocule
functions of carbohydrates
functions of proteins
carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, lipids
carbohydrate- sugar, starch, cellulose... proteins- proteins pol…
major- main source of energy for living things... minor- plants…
- helps fight diseases... - forms bones and muscles, transport s…
list all organic molocules
carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, lipids
everyday names for each organic molocule
carbohydrate- sugar, starch, cellulose... proteins- proteins pol…
33 terms
Biology: Organs
Testis
Thymus Gland
Uterus
Kidney
produce sperm and male hormones (testosterone)
endocrine and immune system, produces hormones
nurtures fertilized ovum until ready for birth
filters water and wastes from blood, excretes products as uri…
Testis
produce sperm and male hormones (testosterone)
Thymus Gland
endocrine and immune system, produces hormones
52 terms
Honors Biology - Organic Macromolecules
Organic compounds
Inorganic compounds
Hydrocarbon
CHNOPS
All contain carbon and are naturally occurring in organisms
Typically do not contain carbon; include water, salts, and mi…
Simplest organic compounds, made up of only hydrogen and carb…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur ar…
Organic compounds
All contain carbon and are naturally occurring in organisms
Inorganic compounds
Typically do not contain carbon; include water, salts, and mi…
47 terms
biology (organic chemistry)
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
monomer
polymer
any molecule with a carbon to carbon and or carbon to hydroge…
- anything else... - ex: H2O (water)
forms a polymer... - single unit (subunit) that when bonded to…
formed from more than 2 monomers bonded together
organic molecules
any molecule with a carbon to carbon and or carbon to hydroge…
inorganic molecules
- anything else... - ex: H2O (water)
biologie Organs
stomach
gullet
liver
kidney
stomach
gullet
14 terms
Organization in Biology
Biosphere
Ecosystem
Community
Population
All of the earths ecosystem together- a very thin layer of li…
A biological community + abiotic factors
All of the populations living in the same geographical area a…
A group of individuals of the same species living in the same…
Biosphere
All of the earths ecosystem together- a very thin layer of li…
Ecosystem
A biological community + abiotic factors
27 terms
Organic chemistry Ap. Biology
Protein folding determine by
saturated
unsaturated
neutral fat
how Many acids interact with water... Substrate
straight
kinks- oils- olive, fish
lipid
Protein folding determine by
how Many acids interact with water... Substrate
saturated
straight
44 terms
Biology: organic molecules
Monomer
dimer
polymer
Dehydration synthesis
one part
two parts
many parts
Monomers bond together and remove a water molecule. A new pol…
Monomer
one part
dimer
two parts
29 terms
Biology-Organisms
water cycle source
carbon cycle source
nitrogen cycle source
phosphorous cycle source
the ocean, atmosphere, ground water
man made
nitrogen in the atmosphere
on land in rock and soil minerals
water cycle source
the ocean, atmosphere, ground water
carbon cycle source
man made
70 terms
Biology 12 - Organic Chemistry
Carbon, Hydrogen
85
Covalent
Ionic
Organic Chemistry is the study where the principle element is…
__% of all known compounds are organic
Organic compounds have ________ bonds
Inorganic compounds have ______ bonds
Carbon, Hydrogen
Organic Chemistry is the study where the principle element is…
85
__% of all known compounds are organic
24 terms
Biology Organic Molecules
activation energy
catalyst
substrate
active sites
min. amount of energy required for reactants to form products…
substance that lowers activation energy needed
molecules that enzymes act on
specific shape of folds
activation energy
min. amount of energy required for reactants to form products…
catalyst
substance that lowers activation energy needed
Organizations in Biology
Atom
Molecule
Organelle
Cell
First level of organization
Second level of organization
Third level of organization
Fourth level of organization
Atom
First level of organization
Molecule
Second level of organization
Biology - Organs
Brain
Lungs
Heart
Stomach
The control centre of the nervous system, responsible for beh…
Exchange gases - involved of respiration and breathing.
Needed for pumping the body.
Involved in digestion.
Brain
The control centre of the nervous system, responsible for beh…
Lungs
Exchange gases - involved of respiration and breathing.
21 terms
Biology - Organs
Bladder
Diaphram
Esophagus
Gall Bladder
Excretory - organ that collects urine
Respiratory - tissue muscle that separates the thorax and abd…
Digestive - muscular tube in which food passes
Digestive - aids in the digestive process, stores bile produc…
Bladder
Excretory - organ that collects urine
Diaphram
Respiratory - tissue muscle that separates the thorax and abd…
16 terms
H. Biology - Organic Compunds
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Dehydration Synthesis
Disaccharide
contains an amino group on one end and a carboxyl group on th…
compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; used for e…
removal of water to put polymers together
two sugars
Amino Acid
contains an amino group on one end and a carboxyl group on th…
Carbohydrate
compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; used for e…
22 terms
Biology Organisms
Bryophyta
Filicinophyta
Coniferophyta
Angiospermophyta
phylum of moss
phylum of ferns
phylum of conifers
phylum of flowers
Bryophyta
phylum of moss
Filicinophyta
phylum of ferns
Biology- Body Organization (Organs)
Organs
Action potential
Muscle fibre
Myofibrils
two or more tissue types working together to perform certain…
nerve signalling, a brief change along the membrane of the ax…
What type of tissue is composed of myofibrils, nucleus, filam…
any of the elongated contractile threads found in striated mu…
Organs
two or more tissue types working together to perform certain…
Action potential
nerve signalling, a brief change along the membrane of the ax…
46 terms
Biology: Organic Compounds
macromolecule
monomers
carbon
isomers
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
building blocks of macromolecles
element found in all organic compounds, 4 bonding electrons,…
compounds with the same formula, but a different arrangement
macromolecule
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms, such as a…
monomers
building blocks of macromolecles
8 terms
Biology Organisms
M
Res
S
G
Move
Respire
Sensitive (to their surrounding)
Grow
M
Move
Res
Respire
70 terms
Biology Organic Compounds and Structures
Protein Polymer
Coiled Primary Structure
Tertiary
Quaternary Structure
Primary structure, straight chain of amino acids, determines…
Secondary structure, "pleated sheets" same as primary structu…
3rd, coils then folds back on to self, if there are amino aci…
4th. 2 or more protein polymers that are intertwined in terti…
Protein Polymer
Primary structure, straight chain of amino acids, determines…
Coiled Primary Structure
Secondary structure, "pleated sheets" same as primary structu…
74 terms
Organization in Biology
What is Biology
Characteristics of life (7)
3 Basic Parts of a Cell
Prokaryotic Cell
Biology is the study of all living things. Includes: anatomy,…
Made of cells: all living things are made up of one or more o…
Plasma Membrane: the outer covering which separates the insid…
•Contains no nucleus... •unicellular and found mostly everywhere…
What is Biology
Biology is the study of all living things. Includes: anatomy,…
Characteristics of life (7)
Made of cells: all living things are made up of one or more o…
8 terms
Biology Organization
Organ
Organism
Community
Tissue
work together to perform a certain function
an individual living thing
the entire array of organisms living in an ecosystem
each organ is made of these
Organ
work together to perform a certain function
Organism
an individual living thing
45 terms
biology organics
organic molecules
4 main groups
monomers
polymer
contain chains of carbon
combine to make cells and cell parts
small molecular subunit
long chain of monomers
organic molecules
contain chains of carbon
4 main groups
combine to make cells and cell parts
13 terms
Biology ( Organisms )
What do all cells have?
What occurs in the mitochondria?
What do Cells with high rates of metab…
Ciliated cell function
Mitochondria and rough endoplasmic reticulum
Aerobic respiration
Large numbers of mitochondria to provide sufficient energy
Movement of mucus In the trachea and bronchi
What do all cells have?
Mitochondria and rough endoplasmic reticulum
What occurs in the mitochondria?
Aerobic respiration
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