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Study sets matching "biology organic"

56 terms
Biology Organic Compounds Quiz
Elements found in Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Glucose
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur
Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides. Made of…
Carbohydrates. Include: Glucose, Galactose, and Fructose
Monosaccharide. Product of photosynthesis
Elements found in Organic Compounds
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides. Made of…
19 terms
biology- organisms
O1.1 What is the same about cells?
O1.1 What are Stem cells?... Process of d…
O1.2 Examples of cells of like form an…
O1.3 Organ definition... Examples of orga…
All cells apart from gametes contain identical genetic info a…
Stem Cells haventyet being through the process of differentia…
Epithelial Tissue- Tightly packed cells that cover and protec…
Organ: Organs are discrete structures composed of several typ…
O1.1 What is the same about cells?
All cells apart from gametes contain identical genetic info a…
O1.1 What are Stem cells?... Process of d…
Stem Cells haventyet being through the process of differentia…
23 terms
Biology (organisms)
heterotrophs
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
get energy by consuming food
cells harvest energy from food
a process that requires oxygen
a process that doesn't require oxygen
heterotrophs
get energy by consuming food
cellular respiration
cells harvest energy from food
16 terms
Biology Organic Chemistry
Define macromolecule.
What is an organic compound?
What is a polymer?
What is a monomer?
A large, complex molecule
Any compound that contains the element carbon
Many monomers bonded together.
One single molecule.
Define macromolecule.
A large, complex molecule
What is an organic compound?
Any compound that contains the element carbon
46 terms
HONORS BIOLOGY: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Saturated
Lactose
Carbohydrate
Hydrolysis
Type of fatty acid; single bonds making them solid at room te…
Milk sugar
*Consists of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; includes polysacch…
*Addition of water molecules... *Used to disassemble polymers in…
Saturated
Type of fatty acid; single bonds making them solid at room te…
Lactose
Milk sugar
18 terms
Biology Organic Substances
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates composed of
basic Carbohydrates
proteins composed of
Sugars and starches
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Monosaccharide
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
Carbohydrates
Sugars and starches
Carbohydrates composed of
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
13 terms
Biology 3D Organic Molecules 2
PROTEIN
AMINO ACID
ENZYME
SUBSTRATE
ORGANIC MOLECULES THAT ARE MADE UP OF C, O, H, N. (MADE FROM…
MONOMERS OF PROTEINS (20 DIFFERENT TYPES)
A TYPE OF PROTEIN THAT IS ESSENTIAL FOR CELL FUNCTIONS (SPEED…
REACTANT OR SUBSTANCE THAT AN ENZYME BREAKS DOWN
PROTEIN
ORGANIC MOLECULES THAT ARE MADE UP OF C, O, H, N. (MADE FROM…
AMINO ACID
MONOMERS OF PROTEINS (20 DIFFERENT TYPES)
33 terms
Biology: Organic Macromolecules
What is the structure of a carbohydrate?
What elements are found in a carbohydr…
How are macromolecules formed?
How are macromolecules broken down?
6 carbon molecule/sugar
C, H, O... Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Dehydration synthesis/condensation reaction... -forms polymers…
Hydrolysis... -Separates polymers by "adding water" to create m…
What is the structure of a carbohydrate?
6 carbon molecule/sugar
What elements are found in a carbohydr…
C, H, O... Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
28 terms
Biology-organs
Heart
Liver
Gall bladder
Lungs
Pumps blood
Chemical lab of the body-makes and breaks
Stores bile
Puts oxygen on blood
Heart
Pumps blood
Liver
Chemical lab of the body-makes and breaks
28 terms
Biology Organic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Functional group for protein
functional group for Sugars
functional group for Lipids
Protein... Sugars (polysaccarides, starches, carbohydrates)... Lipi…
COOH (organic acid)... NH2 (amino group)
OH (hydroxide)
COOH (organic acid)... OH (hydroxide)
Organic Compounds
Protein... Sugars (polysaccarides, starches, carbohydrates)... Lipi…
Functional group for protein
COOH (organic acid)... NH2 (amino group)
41 terms
AP Biology Organic Chemistry
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:…
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen & relatively few ox…
monomer
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
17 terms
biology organic molecules
glucose
sucrose
maltose
cellulose
glucose
sucrose
26 terms
Biology Organic Chemistry Flashcards
hydroxyl
carboxyl
carbonyl
phosphate
They are alcohols (methanol, ethanol, glycerol)... They increas…
They are acids (acetic acid [vinegar], formic acid [ant bites…
They are aldehydes (formaldehyde -> Found in exhaust, new fur…
They transfer energy between organic molecules.
hydroxyl
They are alcohols (methanol, ethanol, glycerol)... They increas…
carboxyl
They are acids (acetic acid [vinegar], formic acid [ant bites…
33 terms
Biology Elements+Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fat/Lipids, N…
Monomers
Polymer
Dehydration Synthesis
Organic Compounds
Builds organic compounds, small subunits.
Multiple Monomers
Removal of a molecule of water to join two monomers together…
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fat/Lipids, N…
Organic Compounds
Monomers
Builds organic compounds, small subunits.
34 terms
Organic Molecules- Biology
Carbohydrates- elements
Carbohydrates- monomers
Carbohydrates- functions
Carbohydrates- examples
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
monosacharides
energy storage and structural support
chitin and glycogen (animal)/ cellulose and starch (plant)
Carbohydrates- elements
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Carbohydrates- monomers
monosacharides
36 terms
Biology - Organic Chemistry
Structural isomers
Optical isomers
Radical
Cohesion
Molecules with the same molecular formula, but different stru…
Molecules that are identical in every way but are mirror images
An atom or group of atoms
The tendency for the same molecules to "stick" together
Structural isomers
Molecules with the same molecular formula, but different stru…
Optical isomers
Molecules that are identical in every way but are mirror images
34 terms
Biology: Organic Compounds
glucose
cellulose
glycogen
dehydration synthesis
made by autotrophs; needed for cellular respiration
polysaccharide forms cell walls of plants
polysaccharide that is energy storage in animals
forming a larger molecule by removing water
glucose
made by autotrophs; needed for cellular respiration
cellulose
polysaccharide forms cell walls of plants
24 terms
biology organic compounds
carbohydrates
hydrolysis
dehydration synthesis
monomer
monomer unit: monosaccharides... biological function: polymers(s…
to split apart by adding H2O
joining of two monomer units with the release of H2O (all org…
basic unit of an organic compound that repeats when joining s…
carbohydrates
monomer unit: monosaccharides... biological function: polymers(s…
hydrolysis
to split apart by adding H2O
24 terms
General Biology Organic Chemistry
Organic molecules contain carbon
Organic molecules are organic because…
Inorganic molecules
Hydrocarbons
carbon is the backbone because it can connect to 4 atoms beca…
both hydrogen and carbon
contain hydrogen or carbon, not both
are organic molecules that contain H and C.
Organic molecules contain carbon
carbon is the backbone because it can connect to 4 atoms beca…
Organic molecules are organic because…
both hydrogen and carbon
66 terms
Biology: Organic Molecules
Glycogen
Hydrolysis Reaction
C11 H22 O2
Starch consists of
Is not a carb
result in the breakdown of polymers into monomers by using a…
Saturated fatty acid
Alpha glucose
Glycogen
Is not a carb
Hydrolysis Reaction
result in the breakdown of polymers into monomers by using a…
23 terms
biology; organic molecules
carboxyl group
hydroxyl group
amine group
phosphate group
P to 4 o bonds. of 4 two have H and one branches off to R
carboxyl group
hydroxyl group
Organic Chem. (Biology work)
Methyl
Hydroxyl alcohol
Carboxyl group/ carboxylic acid
Amino Group/ Amine
Methyl
Hydroxyl alcohol
45 terms
AP Biology Organic Chemicals
Aldehyde
Amino
Butane
Carboxyl
1. an organic compound containing a functional group with the…
1. A functional group in which compounds have a nitrogen atom…
1. A four carbon substituent group with general chemical form…
1. A compound in which an oxygen atom is double bonded to a c…
Aldehyde
1. an organic compound containing a functional group with the…
Amino
1. A functional group in which compounds have a nitrogen atom…
18 terms
Organic Compounds-Biology
Hydrocarbon
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Carbon chains filled with hydrogen bonds. They are natural ga…
Sugars and starches, used to store short-term energy in your…
Fats, used to store long-term energy in your body. Made of a…
Amino Acids with an amine group and a carboxyl group. Used fo…
Hydrocarbon
Carbon chains filled with hydrogen bonds. They are natural ga…
Carbohydrates
Sugars and starches, used to store short-term energy in your…
75 terms
AP BIOLOGY ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
atomic number
mass number
atomic weight/mass
Composition of atom
protons (which also = electrons)
protons + neutrons in an isotope
average mass of isotopes
protons and neutrons in nucleus, have the same mass. Electron…
atomic number
protons (which also = electrons)
mass number
protons + neutrons in an isotope
17 terms
Biology Organs
What part does the heart play in the c…
What part do the lungs play in the res…
What function do the motor neurons pla…
Which system supports and protects the…
It pumps the blood
They exchange gases
They carry messages to the muscles
skeletal
What part does the heart play in the c…
It pumps the blood
What part do the lungs play in the res…
They exchange gases
16 terms
Biology organic molecules
hydroxyl
amino acid
amino
dehydration synthesis
hydroxyl
amino acid
21 terms
Biology Organic Molecules & Dissections
ORGANIC MOLECULES
Monomer
Polymerization - Dehydration Synthesis
Types of Polymerization
-Organic compounds in living things... -Macromolecules, meaning…
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
-Large compounds are built by joining smaller ones together... -…
Carbohydrates= Glycosidic bond... Proteins= Peptide bond... Nucleic…
ORGANIC MOLECULES
-Organic compounds in living things... -Macromolecules, meaning…
Monomer
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
45 terms
Biology Organic Chemistry
organic molecules
carbon
hydrogen
oxygen
molecules containing a carbon skeleton that is covalently bon…
four bonds
one bond
two bonds
organic molecules
molecules containing a carbon skeleton that is covalently bon…
carbon
four bonds
74 terms
Biology Organic Compounds
examples of lipids
ending of most proteins
ending of most carbohydrates
the monomer of nucleic acid
waxes, oils, and fats
-in or -ine
-ose
nucleotide
examples of lipids
waxes, oils, and fats
ending of most proteins
-in or -ine
11 terms
Biology Organic Molecules
lipids
Carbohydrates
Simple Carbohydrates
Complex Carbohydrates
the fats found in food, used in creating cell membrane becaus…
Two types: simple and complex. Provide sugars in the form of…
Glucose. Found in fruits and extracted from plants, sugar is…
Groupings of simple Carbs placed in different orders. Starch:…
lipids
the fats found in food, used in creating cell membrane becaus…
Carbohydrates
Two types: simple and complex. Provide sugars in the form of…
10 terms
Biology- Organic Molecules
Hydroxyl
Carbonyl
Amino
Organic Phosphate
-OH
C=O
NH2
PO4
Hydroxyl
-OH
Carbonyl
C=O
Biology Organisms
egg: huge amount... offspring: a lot
fertilization: external... development: e…
fish
eggs: many... offspring: some
fish estimated number of gametes and offspring
fish location of fertilization/development and degree of pare…
External External None
amphibians estimated number of gametes and offspring
egg: huge amount... offspring: a lot
fish estimated number of gametes and offspring
fertilization: external... development: e…
fish location of fertilization/development and degree of pare…
20 terms
AP Biology- Organic Chemistry
isomers
geometric isomers
structural isomers
sterioisomers or entantiomers
organic molecules that have identical molecular formulas but…
organic molecules that vary in spacial arrangement
organic molecules that vary in covalent arrangement
organic molecules that vary in spacial arrangment around asym…
isomers
organic molecules that have identical molecular formulas but…
geometric isomers
organic molecules that vary in spacial arrangement
20 terms
Biologie: Organe
Zähne
Zunge
Speicheldrüsen
Speiseröhre
zerkleinern Nahrung
schiebt Nahrung unter die Zähne und dann Richtung Speiseröhre…
produzieren Speichel, der:... Nahrung aufquillt... Geschmacksstoffe…
transportiert Nahrung aktiv in den Magen (Peristaltik)
Zähne
zerkleinern Nahrung
Zunge
schiebt Nahrung unter die Zähne und dann Richtung Speiseröhre…
49 terms
Biology Water and Organic Molecules
Properties of Water
CHNOPS
Chemical Reaction
Atom
Less dense as a solid, three states, universal solvent, slow…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus, and Sulfer
Permanently changes compounds into another
Unit of matter
Properties of Water
Less dense as a solid, three states, universal solvent, slow…
CHNOPS
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus, and Sulfer
37 terms
biology- organic molecules & cells
organic
what is the importance of carbon?
diversity {of carbon}
all organic molecules/polymers start s…
containing carbon
carbon forms the backbone of organic molecules. gives more di…
due to tetravalence of carbon
a cell
organic
containing carbon
what is the importance of carbon?
carbon forms the backbone of organic molecules. gives more di…
9 terms
Organic Compounds -Biology
organic compounds definition
why do atoms bond?
macromolecules definition
monomers
contain carbon atoms... carbon have 4 valence electrons and can…
because they are unstable
large organic compounds found in living things
the sub unit of building block of a larger molecule, these co…
organic compounds definition
contain carbon atoms... carbon have 4 valence electrons and can…
why do atoms bond?
because they are unstable
Biology Test Organic Molecules
What are the four main classes of orga…
What elements do all the four main cla…
What are simple sugars?
What are the three types of carbohydra…
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen (CHO)
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides
What are the four main classes of orga…
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids
What elements do all the four main cla…
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen (CHO)
10 terms
Biology Organic Compounds
glycogen
enzymes
nucleic acids
cellulose
a polysaccharide that is used by animals to store their exces…
important in regulating chemical pathways, synthesizing mater…
complex molecules composed of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitro…
a polysaccharide that gives strength and rigidity to plants
glycogen
a polysaccharide that is used by animals to store their exces…
enzymes
important in regulating chemical pathways, synthesizing mater…
29 terms
Biology BJU 2B Organic Chemistry
organic compound
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
glucose
compounds that contain covalently boded carbon atoms
are organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
basic units of carbohydrates...simple sugar
a 6-carbon sugar manufactured by plants
organic compound
compounds that contain covalently boded carbon atoms
carbohydrate
are organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
100 terms
Biologie_Organe
Woraus bestehen Organe häufig?
Zähle die Organsysteme des Menschen auf!
Wie erfolgt die Nahrungsaufnahme norma…
Was ist heterotrophe Assimilation?
aus eigentlichem Funktionsgewebe (Parenchym) und Zwischengewe…
Atemsystem (Lunge, Atemwege), Skelett- und Muskelsystem, Verd…
durch perorale Zufuhr
körperfremde Stoffe werden unter Nutzung der in ihr enthalten…
Woraus bestehen Organe häufig?
aus eigentlichem Funktionsgewebe (Parenchym) und Zwischengewe…
Zähle die Organsysteme des Menschen auf!
Atemsystem (Lunge, Atemwege), Skelett- und Muskelsystem, Verd…
8 terms
Biology - Organs
What is digestion?
What is the heart and what do differen…
What do arteries do?
What are veins and what do they do?
Digestion is a process that the body uses to break down food…
It is a muscular pump (double pump) and it has 4 chambers. Th…
They transport blood at high pressure.
Veins are tubes that form part of the blood circulation system?
What is digestion?
Digestion is a process that the body uses to break down food…
What is the heart and what do differen…
It is a muscular pump (double pump) and it has 4 chambers. Th…
74 terms
Biology: Macromolecules and Organic Compounds
Organic compounds
Life
72
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucle…
These carbon based compounds are synthesized by cells
_______ is built of carbon.
Cells are ____% H2O.
Cells are made of 25% carbon compounds, which are:
Organic compounds
These carbon based compounds are synthesized by cells
Life
_______ is built of carbon.
24 terms
Organic Biology Key Terms
Carbohydrate
Types of Carbohydrates
Proteins
Types of Proteins
Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
Monosaccharides Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides
Build and repair tissues, Supply energy, when needed
Structural, Enzyme, Contractile, Immunoglobulin, Hormone, Rec…
Carbohydrate
Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
Types of Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides
40 terms
Biology of Organisms
The classification of the common house…
The traditional three or five Kingdom…
The first genes on earth were probably…
Prokaryotes such as bacteria...... A. rep…
D. Orders
A. unicellular organisms are either prokaryotic or eukaryotic
C. auto catalytic RNA moleules
B. divide by binary fission
The classification of the common house…
D. Orders
The traditional three or five Kingdom…
A. unicellular organisms are either prokaryotic or eukaryotic
Biology "The First Organic Compounds"
Alexander Oparin
Miller-Urey Experiment
Miller-Urey Experiment
-Meteorites fell to earth and delivere…
- a soviet scientist that suggested Earth's atmosphere was mu…
this experiment proved that Oparins theory about the atmosphe…
Name 2 other theories of the formation of organic compounds.
Alexander Oparin
- a soviet scientist that suggested Earth's atmosphere was mu…
Miller-Urey Experiment
this experiment proved that Oparins theory about the atmosphe…
16 terms
AP Biology: Organic Molecules
Hydrocarbon
Functional Groups
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
molecules of only carbon and hydrogen
Groups that are added to hydrocarbon chains. Makes carbon str…
process that removes a hydrogen on one side and an alcohol on…
Water splits and divides a chain
Hydrocarbon
molecules of only carbon and hydrogen
Functional Groups
Groups that are added to hydrocarbon chains. Makes carbon str…
17 terms
Biology_8_Organs
Larynx
Epiglottis
Oesophagus
Pancreas
throat
closes windpipe
pipe to swallow
organ producing enzymes
Larynx
throat
Epiglottis
closes windpipe
15 terms
Biology- Organic Molecules
Monomer
Polymer
Amino Acids
Lipids
One unit of a large molecule
Many units of a large molecule
Building Blocks of Proteins
Fats- These make up the majority of the cell membrane
Monomer
One unit of a large molecule
Polymer
Many units of a large molecule
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