Study sets matching "biology organic"

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Study sets matching "biology organic"

28 terms
Biology Organic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Functional group for protein
functional group for Sugars
functional group for Lipids
Protein... Sugars (polysaccarides, starches, carbohydrates)... Lipi…
COOH (organic acid)... NH2 (amino group)
OH (hydroxide)
COOH (organic acid)... OH (hydroxide)
Organic Compounds
Protein... Sugars (polysaccarides, starches, carbohydrates)... Lipi…
Functional group for protein
COOH (organic acid)... NH2 (amino group)
10 terms
Biology Organisms
Peanut Worm
Jellyfish
Round Worms
Leech
Sipuncula
Cnidaria
Nematoda
Annelida
Peanut Worm
Sipuncula
Jellyfish
Cnidaria
Biology Organs
Heart
Stomach
Kidney
Lung
Pump blood around the body
Involved in digestion
Remove toxic waste substances and control the amount of water…
Exchanging Gases
Heart
Pump blood around the body
Stomach
Involved in digestion
15 terms
biology organisms
movement
reproduction
sensitivity
homeostatis
ability to change location or position
how new individuals are made
ability to detect and respond to changes in the enviorment
ability to control internal conditions
movement
ability to change location or position
reproduction
how new individuals are made
6 terms
Biology organs
Organ system
Organelle
Organ
Organism
Collection of organs that carry out a specific function withi…
A structure in a cell with a particular function
Collection of different tissues that together carry out a spe…
A living thing
Organ system
Collection of organs that carry out a specific function withi…
Organelle
A structure in a cell with a particular function
Biology: Organisms
population dispersion
clumped dispersion
random dispersion
uniform dispersion
the observation where individuals are found in a habitat. The…
populations found in tight clusters
populations found randomly
populations found evenly distributed
population dispersion
the observation where individuals are found in a habitat. The…
clumped dispersion
populations found in tight clusters
Biology Organisms
LEDC volcano Monserrat
LEDC earthquake Sichwan
MEDC earthquake Kobe
Indian Ocean Tsunami
- Destructive plate boundary North American + Caribbean (350…
- 7.9 on the richer scale, Naranja fault line... - 50 year build…
- 7.2 on the richer scale,Najimia fault line... - 6,433 deaths,…
- 9 on the richer scale, 1200Km fault line ... - 310,00 deaths,…
LEDC volcano Monserrat
- Destructive plate boundary North American + Caribbean (350…
LEDC earthquake Sichwan
- 7.9 on the richer scale, Naranja fault line... - 50 year build…
Biology Organs
Oviduct (F)
Ovary (F)
Vagina (F)
Cervix (F)
-Carries eggs to the uterus... -Fertilization occurs here
-Produces eggs... -Produces hormones (estrogen & progesterone)
-Receives sperm... -Allows passage of menses or baby to outside
-Often plugged with mucus... -Dilates in preparation for birth
Oviduct (F)
-Carries eggs to the uterus... -Fertilization occurs here
Ovary (F)
-Produces eggs... -Produces hormones (estrogen & progesterone)
Biology-organs
Organ
Multi-cellular organism
Tissue
Muscular tissue
Is a group of different tissues working together to carry out…
A group of cells that have been differentiated to carry out a…
A group of specialised cells working together
Contracts to bring about movement
Organ
Is a group of different tissues working together to carry out…
Multi-cellular organism
A group of cells that have been differentiated to carry out a…
26 terms
Biology - organs
what is an organ system?
What is the skeletal system's purpose?
what are the components of the skeleta…
How do muscles work?
a series of organs that work together for a common purpose
-provides shape and form to bodies... -supporting and protecting…
-bones... -catiliage... -joints
They tighten, then relax
what is an organ system?
a series of organs that work together for a common purpose
What is the skeletal system's purpose?
-provides shape and form to bodies... -supporting and protecting…
7 terms
Biology Organic Molecules
Organic
Micro
Macro
Mono
Carbon based compounds.
Small
Large
One
Organic
Carbon based compounds.
Micro
Small
41 terms
AP Biology Organic Chemistry
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:…
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen & relatively few ox…
monomer
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
14 terms
biology organs
liver
colon
kidneys
filtration of kidneys
eliminates waste, synthesizes urea, production of bile, elimi…
reabsorbs water and ions
homeostasis ... 1. filtration... 2.selective re-absorption... 3. secre…
constriction of the efferent artiole leads to ions/small mole…
liver
eliminates waste, synthesizes urea, production of bile, elimi…
colon
reabsorbs water and ions
20 terms
Biology - Organisms
DRY MIX
autotrophs
heterotrophs
ATP
Dependent ... Responds... Y-axis... Manipulated... Independent... X-axis
an organism that is able to manufacture all of its complex or…
organism that cannot produce all its complex organic compound…
adenosine triphosphate, a cell's short term energy storage co…
DRY MIX
Dependent ... Responds... Y-axis... Manipulated... Independent... X-axis
autotrophs
an organism that is able to manufacture all of its complex or…
biology ( organisms )
chloroplast ( plant only )
cellulose ( plants )
plasma membrane
large central vocuole
A plastid containing chlorophyll, the site of photosynthesis
a structure that lies outside plasma; membrane. protect cells…
Controls the entry and exit of substances, pumping some of th…
can identify a plant cell
chloroplast ( plant only )
A plastid containing chlorophyll, the site of photosynthesis
cellulose ( plants )
a structure that lies outside plasma; membrane. protect cells…
13 terms
Organization: Biology
Animals
Plants
Protists
Fungi
Heterotrophs, eukaryotic, multi cellular, and mostly sexual
Autotrophs, eukaryotic, multi cellular, mostly sexual, and a-…
Both heterotrophs and autotrophs, eukaryotic, unicellular, an…
Heterotrophs, eukaryotic, both unicellular and multi cellular…
Animals
Heterotrophs, eukaryotic, multi cellular, and mostly sexual
Plants
Autotrophs, eukaryotic, multi cellular, mostly sexual, and a-…
10 terms
Organization of Biology
1.
2
4
5
Atoms
Organelles
Cells
Tissue
1.
Atoms
2
Organelles
25 terms
Biology- Organs
list body systems
types of muscle:
muscle functions:
respiratory structures:
Muscular, Respiratory, Nervous, Excretory, Reproductive, Dige…
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
circulate blood, move food, skeletal movement
nose, trachea, lungs
list body systems
Muscular, Respiratory, Nervous, Excretory, Reproductive, Dige…
types of muscle:
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
Biology- Organization and Maintenance of Organisms
What are cells?
Calculation for Magnification
What are specialized cells?
Examples of specialized cells
cells are the basic structural and functional units of life
mag=size of image/actual size
cells with a specific function
~red blood cell... ~nerve cell... ~white blood cell... ~ciliated cells…
What are cells?
cells are the basic structural and functional units of life
Calculation for Magnification
mag=size of image/actual size
34 terms
Organic Molecules- Biology
Carbohydrates- elements
Carbohydrates- monomers
Carbohydrates- functions
Carbohydrates- examples
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
monosacharides
energy storage and structural support
chitin and glycogen (animal)/ cellulose and starch (plant)
Carbohydrates- elements
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Carbohydrates- monomers
monosacharides
67 terms
Organisms and biology
Parasite
Host
Brain
Plant
An organism that lives in another organism and causes harm to…
The organism a parasite lives in.
An organ in a vertebrate that controls all of the bodies main…
An organism group that releases oxygen into the air to help u…
Parasite
An organism that lives in another organism and causes harm to…
Host
The organism a parasite lives in.
41 terms
AP Biology: Organic Chemistry
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:…
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen & relatively few ox…
monomer
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
15 terms
The organization of biology
Biosphere
Biomes
ecosystem
Communities
Earth's biosphere includes al life and all the places where l…
Biomes are regions of the world with similar climate (weather…
An ecosystem consists of all living organism in a particular…
All organism in the tide pool ( iguanas, crabs, seaweed, bact…
Biosphere
Earth's biosphere includes al life and all the places where l…
Biomes
Biomes are regions of the world with similar climate (weather…
56 terms
Biology Organic Compounds Quiz
Elements found in Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Glucose
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur
Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides. Made of…
Carbohydrates. Include: Glucose, Galactose, and Fructose
Monosaccharide. Product of photosynthesis
Elements found in Organic Compounds
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides. Made of…
37 terms
Biology Cell Structures and organization
Cell
Organelles
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
the basic unit of structure and function in all organisms; th…
membrane-bound structures inside of eukaryotic cells that are…
Organisms whose cells have a distinct nucleus and membrane-bo…
Organisms whose cells lack a nucleus and membrane-bound organ…
Cell
the basic unit of structure and function in all organisms; th…
Organelles
membrane-bound structures inside of eukaryotic cells that are…
16 terms
Biology Organic Chemistry
Define macromolecule.
What is an organic compound?
What is a polymer?
What is a monomer?
A large, complex molecule
Any compound that contains the element carbon
Many monomers bonded together.
One single molecule.
Define macromolecule.
A large, complex molecule
What is an organic compound?
Any compound that contains the element carbon
92 terms
Biology #2 (Organic Macrmolecules)
Amino Acids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Organic Compounds
Molecules that make up Proteins
Class of macromolecules that are the principle components of…
Class of macromolecules assembled from nucleotides
Compounds that contain a chain of at least two carbon atoms
Amino Acids
Molecules that make up Proteins
Proteins
Class of macromolecules that are the principle components of…
46 terms
HONORS BIOLOGY: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Saturated
Lactose
Carbohydrate
Hydrolysis
Type of fatty acid; single bonds making them solid at room te…
Milk sugar
*Consists of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; includes polysacch…
*Addition of water molecules... *Used to disassemble polymers in…
Saturated
Type of fatty acid; single bonds making them solid at room te…
Lactose
Milk sugar
Biology (organisms)
heterotrophs
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
get energy by consuming food
cells harvest energy from food
a process that requires oxygen
a process that doesn't require oxygen
heterotrophs
get energy by consuming food
cellular respiration
cells harvest energy from food
19 terms
biology- organisms
O1.1 What is the same about cells?
O1.1 What are Stem cells?... Process of d…
O1.2 Examples of cells of like form an…
O1.3 Organ definition... Examples of orga…
All cells apart from gametes contain identical genetic info a…
Stem Cells haventyet being through the process of differentia…
Epithelial Tissue- Tightly packed cells that cover and protec…
Organ: Organs are discrete structures composed of several typ…
O1.1 What is the same about cells?
All cells apart from gametes contain identical genetic info a…
O1.1 What are Stem cells?... Process of d…
Stem Cells haventyet being through the process of differentia…
21 terms
Biology Organic Molecules & Dissections
ORGANIC MOLECULES
Monomer
Polymerization - Dehydration Synthesis
Types of Polymerization
-Organic compounds in living things... -Macromolecules, meaning…
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
-Large compounds are built by joining smaller ones together... -…
Carbohydrates= Glycosidic bond... Proteins= Peptide bond... Nucleic…
ORGANIC MOLECULES
-Organic compounds in living things... -Macromolecules, meaning…
Monomer
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
45 terms
Biology Organic Chemistry
organic molecules
carbon
hydrogen
oxygen
molecules containing a carbon skeleton that is covalently bon…
four bonds
one bond
two bonds
organic molecules
molecules containing a carbon skeleton that is covalently bon…
carbon
four bonds
Biology 3D Organic Molecules 2
PROTEIN
AMINO ACID
ENZYME
SUBSTRATE
ORGANIC MOLECULES THAT ARE MADE UP OF C, O, H, N. (MADE FROM…
MONOMERS OF PROTEINS (20 DIFFERENT TYPES)
A TYPE OF PROTEIN THAT IS ESSENTIAL FOR CELL FUNCTIONS (SPEED…
REACTANT OR SUBSTANCE THAT AN ENZYME BREAKS DOWN
PROTEIN
ORGANIC MOLECULES THAT ARE MADE UP OF C, O, H, N. (MADE FROM…
AMINO ACID
MONOMERS OF PROTEINS (20 DIFFERENT TYPES)
18 terms
Biology Organic Substances
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates composed of
basic Carbohydrates
proteins composed of
Sugars and starches
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Monosaccharide
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
Carbohydrates
Sugars and starches
Carbohydrates composed of
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Biology: Organic Macromolecules
What is the structure of a carbohydrate?
What elements are found in a carbohydr…
How are macromolecules formed?
How are macromolecules broken down?
6 carbon molecule/sugar
C, H, O... Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Dehydration synthesis/condensation reaction... -forms polymers…
Hydrolysis... -Separates polymers by "adding water" to create m…
What is the structure of a carbohydrate?
6 carbon molecule/sugar
What elements are found in a carbohydr…
C, H, O... Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
17 terms
biology organic molecules
glucose
sucrose
maltose
cellulose
glucose
sucrose
Biology-organs
Heart
Liver
Gall bladder
Lungs
Pumps blood
Chemical lab of the body-makes and breaks
Stores bile
Puts oxygen on blood
Heart
Pumps blood
Liver
Chemical lab of the body-makes and breaks
41 terms
AP Biology Organic Chemistry
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:…
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen & relatively few ox…
monomer
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
24 terms
biology organic compounds
carbohydrates
hydrolysis
dehydration synthesis
monomer
monomer unit: monosaccharides... biological function: polymers(s…
to split apart by adding H2O
joining of two monomer units with the release of H2O (all org…
basic unit of an organic compound that repeats when joining s…
carbohydrates
monomer unit: monosaccharides... biological function: polymers(s…
hydrolysis
to split apart by adding H2O
Biology Review Organic Chemistry
Organic Molecules need to have...
Macromolecule definition
Macromolecules characteristics
4 macromolecules
Carbon, Hydrogen
large complex molecules composed of a large number of atoms
1. Found in all living things... 2. made of carbon and Hydrogen…
carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
Organic Molecules need to have...
Carbon, Hydrogen
Macromolecule definition
large complex molecules composed of a large number of atoms
Biology Elements+Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fat/Lipids, N…
Monomers
Polymer
Dehydration Synthesis
Organic Compounds
Builds organic compounds, small subunits.
Multiple Monomers
Removal of a molecule of water to join two monomers together…
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fat/Lipids, N…
Organic Compounds
Monomers
Builds organic compounds, small subunits.
8 terms
Biology - Organs
What is digestion?
What is the heart and what do differen…
What do arteries do?
What are veins and what do they do?
Digestion is a process that the body uses to break down food…
It is a muscular pump (double pump) and it has 4 chambers. Th…
They transport blood at high pressure.
Veins are tubes that form part of the blood circulation system?
What is digestion?
Digestion is a process that the body uses to break down food…
What is the heart and what do differen…
It is a muscular pump (double pump) and it has 4 chambers. Th…
26 terms
Biology Organic Chemistry Flashcards
hydroxyl
carboxyl
carbonyl
phosphate
They are alcohols (methanol, ethanol, glycerol)... They increas…
They are acids (acetic acid [vinegar], formic acid [ant bites…
They are aldehydes (formaldehyde -> Found in exhaust, new fur…
They transfer energy between organic molecules.
hydroxyl
They are alcohols (methanol, ethanol, glycerol)... They increas…
carboxyl
They are acids (acetic acid [vinegar], formic acid [ant bites…
Biology: Organic Compounds
glucose
cellulose
glycogen
dehydration synthesis
made by autotrophs; needed for cellular respiration
polysaccharide forms cell walls of plants
polysaccharide that is energy storage in animals
forming a larger molecule by removing water
glucose
made by autotrophs; needed for cellular respiration
cellulose
polysaccharide forms cell walls of plants
Biology - Organic Chemistry
Structural isomers
Optical isomers
Radical
Cohesion
Molecules with the same molecular formula, but different stru…
Molecules that are identical in every way but are mirror images
An atom or group of atoms
The tendency for the same molecules to "stick" together
Structural isomers
Molecules with the same molecular formula, but different stru…
Optical isomers
Molecules that are identical in every way but are mirror images
Organic Compounds-Biology
Hydrocarbon
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Carbon chains filled with hydrogen bonds. They are natural ga…
Sugars and starches, used to store short-term energy in your…
Fats, used to store long-term energy in your body. Made of a…
Amino Acids with an amine group and a carboxyl group. Used fo…
Hydrocarbon
Carbon chains filled with hydrogen bonds. They are natural ga…
Carbohydrates
Sugars and starches, used to store short-term energy in your…
24 terms
General Biology Organic Chemistry
Organic molecules contain carbon
Organic molecules are organic because…
Inorganic molecules
Hydrocarbons
carbon is the backbone because it can connect to 4 atoms beca…
both hydrogen and carbon
contain hydrogen or carbon, not both
are organic molecules that contain H and C.
Organic molecules contain carbon
carbon is the backbone because it can connect to 4 atoms beca…
Organic molecules are organic because…
both hydrogen and carbon
Biology: Organic Molecules
Glycogen
Hydrolysis Reaction
C11 H22 O2
Starch consists of
Is not a carb
result in the breakdown of polymers into monomers by using a…
Saturated fatty acid
Alpha glucose
Glycogen
Is not a carb
Hydrolysis Reaction
result in the breakdown of polymers into monomers by using a…
23 terms
biology; organic molecules
carboxyl group
hydroxyl group
amine group
phosphate group
P to 4 o bonds. of 4 two have H and one branches off to R
carboxyl group
hydroxyl group
Organic Chem. (Biology work)
Methyl
Hydroxyl alcohol
Carboxyl group/ carboxylic acid
Amino Group/ Amine
Methyl
Hydroxyl alcohol
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