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Study sets matching "biology organic"

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Study sets matching "biology organic"

59 terms
Biology Unit 3 - Organic Chemistry
organic
inorganic
Common elements and their bonds
functional group
Molecules containing Carbon (skeleton bonded to hydrogen)
molecules that don't contain carbon
Hydrogen (H) - 1 bond... Oxygen (O) - 2 bonds... Nitrogen (N) - 3 b…
a specific group of atoms that determine the function of a mo…
organic
Molecules containing Carbon (skeleton bonded to hydrogen)
inorganic
molecules that don't contain carbon
25 terms
Biology: Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates are...
Composition of carbohydrates
Types of carbohydrates
Types of monosaccharides
Sugars
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Monosaccharide (simple sugars), disaccharide, polysaccharide
Glucose, fructose, galactose (fruit/candy bar)
Carbohydrates are...
Sugars
Composition of carbohydrates
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
11 terms
Biology - Biological Levels of Organization
populations
tissues
organs
organ system
communities are made up of...
group of cells working together to perform a function
group of tissues working together to perform a function
group of organs working together to perform a function
populations
communities are made up of...
tissues
group of cells working together to perform a function
27 terms
Biology Organic Molecules
Nucleic Acids
DNA
DNA characteristics
RNA
A complex organic molecule that stores all your genetic infor…
codes for all functions stored in cells
Stored in nucleus and doule stranded
The "worker" who helps get DNA's message out so protiens can…
Nucleic Acids
A complex organic molecule that stores all your genetic infor…
DNA
codes for all functions stored in cells
15 terms
Cell to organism - Preliminary biology
specialized cell
tissue
Organ
organ system
A cell that performs one function e.g. a muscle cell
A group of the same type of specialized cells (e.g. muscle ce…
A collection of different tissues that all work together to p…
A collection of different organs that all worked together to…
specialized cell
A cell that performs one function e.g. a muscle cell
tissue
A group of the same type of specialized cells (e.g. muscle ce…
67 terms
Organic Chemistry Biology
What is Carbon in relation to Organic…
What are the forms of Carbon?
Carbon makes _____________ molecules
Carbon based molecules are what?
The most important element
Diamond, lead and coal
Large, complex
Organic and alive
What is Carbon in relation to Organic…
The most important element
What are the forms of Carbon?
Diamond, lead and coal
30 terms
Introduction to Biology, Organic Molecules, and Enzymes
Biotic
Abiotic
Characteristics of Life
Homeostasis
Living
Nonliving
An organism must meet all of these to be considered living: m…
Maintaining stable conditions within an organism. For example…
Biotic
Living
Abiotic
Nonliving
75 terms
Biology: organic chemistry
Versatility of carbon in organic molec…
List the five functional groups
Function of hydroxyl in living organism
Function of aldehyde in a living organ…
Carbon has 4 valence electrons so it has the ability to form…
Hydroxyl, aldehyde (carbonyl), ketone (carbonyl) , carboxyl,…
Considered alcohols/ sugars, make molecules soluble in water…
Simple sugars, carbonyl group
Versatility of carbon in organic molec…
Carbon has 4 valence electrons so it has the ability to form…
List the five functional groups
Hydroxyl, aldehyde (carbonyl), ketone (carbonyl) , carboxyl,…
40 terms
Unit 1 Biology (Organic Molecules, organelles)
Monomer
Polymer
Organic Molecule
Carbohydrate
The subunit of a polymer
Multiple monomers put together
Molecules used to make life
Sugars
Monomer
The subunit of a polymer
Polymer
Multiple monomers put together
11 terms
Biology:Major Organ Systems Functions
Circulatory System
Digestive System
Endocrine System
Excretory System
Transports nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food, removes wastes, mai…
Regulates body temperature, metabolism, development, and repr…
Removes wastes from blood; regulates concentration of body fl…
Circulatory System
Transports nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Digestive System
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food, removes wastes, mai…
44 terms
Grade 9 Biology Honors Organic Chemistry
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Proton
The basic unit of matter
The center of an atom made of protons and neutrons
negatively charged particle
positively charged particle
Atom
The basic unit of matter
Nucleus
The center of an atom made of protons and neutrons
32 terms
Biology (ORGANIC COMPOUNDS)
What are organic compounds?
Macromolecules
Exceptions to organic molecules?
CARBONS
Compounds that contain carbon are called organic
Large organic molecules (carbs, lipids, protein, and nucleic…
Oxides of carbon ... Carbonates... Hydrogen carbonates ... Are all exa…
Carbon has 4 electrons in outer shell. ... Carbon can form coval…
What are organic compounds?
Compounds that contain carbon are called organic
Macromolecules
Large organic molecules (carbs, lipids, protein, and nucleic…
15 terms
Organic Chemistry Biology
Polymers
Dehydrate
Synthesis
C, H
Large organic molecules.
Remove H2O
To build
Organic compounds must contain these elements
Polymers
Large organic molecules.
Dehydrate
Remove H2O
Biology Unit 1 (organic compounds)
carbohydrate common name
lipid common name
protein common name
carbohydrate chemicals
sugars
fats and oils (waxes)
proteins
CHO
carbohydrate common name
sugars
lipid common name
fats and oils (waxes)
10 terms
conceptual biology - organic compounds
compound
organic compound
carbon
hydrocarbon
a substance made of at least two different kinds of atoms che…
a compound containing the element carbon and found in living…
forms as many 4 covalent bonds because it only has 4 electron…
an organic compound containing only C and H
compound
a substance made of at least two different kinds of atoms che…
organic compound
a compound containing the element carbon and found in living…
37 terms
Organic Molecules Biology
Compound
Organic Compound
Polymer
Hydrogen Bond
Substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
Molecules composed of organic elements, but mostly carbon.
A molecule composed of smaller components known as monomers.
Weak connection between polar water molecules.
Compound
Substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
Organic Compound
Molecules composed of organic elements, but mostly carbon.
Biology (organic chem)
Organic
Macro molecules/ polymers
Monomers
Monomer of carbs and starches
Any material that is comprised of mainly hydrogen atoms. Usua…
Giant molecules formed by monomers
Small units that join together to make large molecules
Sugar
Organic
Any material that is comprised of mainly hydrogen atoms. Usua…
Macro molecules/ polymers
Giant molecules formed by monomers
49 terms
Biology- Organic Compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Macromolecule
Condensation Reaction
1 Molecule
2 molecules
Very large complex combination of molecules
formula that water is a product... monomer + monomer = polymer +…
Monomer
1 Molecule
Polymer
2 molecules
24 terms
Biology Review Organization and Classification
Carolus Linnaeus
Classification
Taxonomy
Dichotomous Key
18th century naturalist published a system for classifying al…
grouping similar characteristics
science of classifying living things/task of naming things.
tool to identify organisms based on similar appearances.
Carolus Linnaeus
18th century naturalist published a system for classifying al…
Classification
grouping similar characteristics
64 terms
Biology: Organic Molecules
a helix (Secondary structure of protein)
β-pleated sheet (Secondary structure o…
Amino Acid
Amylose (One form of starch)
A spiral shape constituting one form of the secondary structu…
A type of protein secondary structure; results from hydrogen…
- Monomers of proteins... - Simple forms of protein normally use…
- Amylose is the simplest type of starch. Its molecule is unb…
a helix (Secondary structure of protein)
A spiral shape constituting one form of the secondary structu…
β-pleated sheet (Secondary structure o…
A type of protein secondary structure; results from hydrogen…
46 terms
Biology Organic compounds Chapter 3
organic compounds
why carbon
hydrocarbons
functional group
carbon based compounds... Contains bonds between C and H... Non pol…
carbon has 4 electrons in outer shell... can form four covalent…
simplest organic compounds... only CARBON and HYDROGEN... METHANE o…
Cluster of atoms which can be covalently bonded to a hydrocar…
organic compounds
carbon based compounds... Contains bonds between C and H... Non pol…
why carbon
carbon has 4 electrons in outer shell... can form four covalent…
5 terms
Biology - Organic Compounds
organic compound
carbon skeleton
hydroxyl group
amino group
carbon-based molecules
the chain of carbon atoms in an organic molecule
hydrogen and oxygen atoms bonded to create the carbon skeleton
nitrogen and two hydrogen atoms
organic compound
carbon-based molecules
carbon skeleton
the chain of carbon atoms in an organic molecule
82 terms
AP Biology Organic Chemistry
organic chemistry
Carbon
vitalism
mechanism
the study of carbon compounds. Most carbon compounds contain…
most versatile element because of its 4 open bonds, naming it…
the belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
the view that physical and chemical laws govern all natural p…
organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds. Most carbon compounds contain…
Carbon
most versatile element because of its 4 open bonds, naming it…
75 terms
Biology organic molecules
organic compounds
hydrocarbons
functional groups
macromolecule
compounds that contain carbon
organic molecules that contain only carbon and hydrogen
atoms that form the chemically reactive part of a molecule
very large molecule in a living organism: protein, polysaccha…
organic compounds
compounds that contain carbon
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that contain only carbon and hydrogen
34 terms
Organic Compounds Biology Vocabulary
organic compounds
valence electrons
macromolecules/ macronutrients
monomer
chemical compounds that contain carbon and that make up livin…
electrons that can be gained, lost, or shared in a chemical r…
the large molecules that make up living organisms, such as pr…
a small molecule that maybe chemically bonded to other like m…
organic compounds
chemical compounds that contain carbon and that make up livin…
valence electrons
electrons that can be gained, lost, or shared in a chemical r…
61 terms
Biology Unit 2 Organic Compounds
Carbon
Isomers
Functional group
-COOH
the main element in organic compounds
different compounds with same molecular formula
group of atoms in the organic compound that affects the molec…
carboxyl group (one type of functional group)
Carbon
the main element in organic compounds
Isomers
different compounds with same molecular formula
116 terms
AP Biology Organic Compounds
Element
Compound
Atomic number
Atomic mass
Substancs that can't be broken down by chemical means
Substance consisting of 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio w…
The number of protons a certain element has
Approximation of total mass of an atom
Element
Substancs that can't be broken down by chemical means
Compound
Substance consisting of 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio w…
34 terms
Inorganic and Organic Chemistry- Biology
reactants
products
inorganic compound
polar compound
the substance you put in to a chemical reaction; the ingredie…
the substance you get out of a chemical reaction; found on th…
substance that does not contain carbon and/ or is not derived…
a substance that has oppositely charged ends; one side has a…
reactants
the substance you put in to a chemical reaction; the ingredie…
products
the substance you get out of a chemical reaction; found on th…
22 terms
Biology organic compound
Macromolecules
Carbohydrate function
Carbohydrate monomer
Carbohydrate wxample
Organic compunds. Living compounds
Short term energy source
Monosaccharide
Sugar and starch
Macromolecules
Organic compunds. Living compounds
Carbohydrate function
Short term energy source
15 terms
Biology 1 (Organic Compounds)
Carbohydrates
Monosuccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in…
Or simple sugar, contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a r…
When two monosaccharides can combine in a condensation reacti…
A complex molecule composed of three or more monosaccharides.
Carbohydrates
Organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in…
Monosuccharide
Or simple sugar, contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a r…
29 terms
Organic Compounds Biology
4 macromolecules
carbohydrates consist of
monosaccharides contain
lipids consist of
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
simple sugars (monosaccharides)
carbon, hydrogen, and oygen
fatty acids and glycerol
4 macromolecules
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
carbohydrates consist of
simple sugars (monosaccharides)
15 terms
Biology Vocabulary-Organic Macromolecules
amino acids
carbohydrate
cellulose
fats
building blocks of proteins
source of energy
a polysaccaride that is the main constituent of plant cell wa…
type of organic compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxy…
amino acids
building blocks of proteins
carbohydrate
source of energy
18 terms
Biology - Blood and Organs
The Four Main Components of Blood
Plasma
Platelets
Red Blood Cells
Plasma, platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells
The liquid part of the blood. Carries everything within the b…
Small fragments that help the blood to clot. This stops blood…
Red blood cells transport oxygen from the lungs to all the ce…
The Four Main Components of Blood
Plasma, platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells
Plasma
The liquid part of the blood. Carries everything within the b…
32 terms
Biology : organic compounds
Macromolecule
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Large organic molecule
Polysaccharides
Glycerol & fatty acid
Amino acids
Macromolecule
Large organic molecule
Carbohydrates
Polysaccharides
51 terms
Biology Organic Molecules test
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
2:1
CH2O
Monosaccharides
What types of atoms are Carbohydrates composed of?
What is the ratio of Hydrogen to Oxygen in carbohydrates?
What is the basic formula of Carbohydrates?
What is the monomer of Carbohydrates?
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
What types of atoms are Carbohydrates composed of?
2:1
What is the ratio of Hydrogen to Oxygen in carbohydrates?
38 terms
Biology - Organic Chemistry
releases energy
absorbs
activation energy
catalyst
When do spontaneous reactions occur? When reaction ______ ___…
If a reaction releases energy, the reverse reaction ______ en…
energy needed to get a reaction started
chemicals that speed up the rate of reaction by lowering acti…
releases energy
When do spontaneous reactions occur? When reaction ______ ___…
absorbs
If a reaction releases energy, the reverse reaction ______ en…
71 terms
Biology - Organic Molecules
Monomers
Polymers
Polymerization
Dehydration synthesis
single sub unit of large macromolecules
Series of monomers bonded together
The covalent bonding of monemers together to form a polymer;…
Monomers bond together to form a polymer (synthesis), with th…
Monomers
single sub unit of large macromolecules
Polymers
Series of monomers bonded together
18 terms
Organic Compounds - IB Biology
Phospholipids
Water Dissolves
8 Major Functions of Protiens
Triglycerides
made of hydrophilic head made of glycerol, phosphate group, a…
Ionic substances like NaCl and the molecules which contain io…
Blood ... Hair/Nails... Muscles... Brain/Nerves... Antibodies... Enzymes... Cel…
3 fatty acids linked to glycerol alcohol by ester linkage... fat…
Phospholipids
made of hydrophilic head made of glycerol, phosphate group, a…
Water Dissolves
Ionic substances like NaCl and the molecules which contain io…
57 terms
Organic compounds in biology
what is found in all organic compounds?
what are the four major organic compou…
what are the elements that make up car…
what are the elements that make up pro…
Carbon
1. carbohydrates... 2. proteins... 3. lipids... 4. nucleic acids
C, H, O
C, H, O, N
what is found in all organic compounds?
Carbon
what are the four major organic compou…
1. carbohydrates... 2. proteins... 3. lipids... 4. nucleic acids
92 terms
Biology #2 (Organic Macrolecules)
Amino Acids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Organic Compounds
Molecules that make up Proteins
Class of macromolecules that are the principle components of…
Class of macromolecules assembled from nucleotides
Compounds that contain a chain of at least two carbon atoms
Amino Acids
Molecules that make up Proteins
Proteins
Class of macromolecules that are the principle components of…
49 terms
Biology- Organic Molecules
Organic compound
Macro molecules
Monomer
Dehydration Synthesis
Compounds that contain carbon, smaller than macromolecules
Large organic molecules, made up of smaller building blocks.…
Small building blocks that make up macro molecules
Forms polymers by combining monomers by "removing water"
Organic compound
Compounds that contain carbon, smaller than macromolecules
Macro molecules
Large organic molecules, made up of smaller building blocks.…
26 terms
Biology: Organic Compounds
COOH
Lipids
Lipids
Lipids
is called a carboxyl group
organic compound that stores the most energy
Three characteristics of which organic compound:... 1. insoluble…
Types: Triglycerides - made of three fatty acids and one mole…
COOH
is called a carboxyl group
Lipids
organic compound that stores the most energy
16 terms
Biology of Organisms and Evolution CSET
prokaryotes (bacteria)
cyanobacterium
advanced eukaryotes
plants
first cells
(blue green algae) prokaryotes which were aerobic (created en…
developed from these primitive cells
developed from freshwater algae
prokaryotes (bacteria)
first cells
cyanobacterium
(blue green algae) prokaryotes which were aerobic (created en…
14 terms
Biology - Organic Molecules
Proteins
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Nucleotides
Made up of amino acids
Made up of sugar molecules
Made up of long complex rings of carbon and hydrogen
Phosphate group... Sugar... Nitrogenous base
Proteins
Made up of amino acids
Carbohydrates
Made up of sugar molecules
22 terms
Classification of Organisms - Biology Honors
biodiversity
taxonomy
taxon
kingdom
the variety of organisms considered at all levels from popula…
the science of describing, naming and classifying organisms
a particular group within a taxonomic system
Linnaeus's largest category of classification which modern bi…
biodiversity
the variety of organisms considered at all levels from popula…
taxonomy
the science of describing, naming and classifying organisms
17 terms
Biology: Organic Chemistry (2)
Atom
Element
Electron
Nucleus
a basic unit of matter of incredibly small size, the smallest…
a pure substance that consists of only one type of atom
a negatively charged particle that move in energy shells arou…
the center part of an atom, which contains the protons and ne…
Atom
a basic unit of matter of incredibly small size, the smallest…
Element
a pure substance that consists of only one type of atom
Biology - Organic Molecules
enzyme
Enzymes are
Enzymes are not
Process of reaction
is a protein made in the ribosomes of your cells
CATalysts that speed up chemical reactions... triggers to contro…
changed by chemical reactions
enzymes lower the activation energy needed to start a chemica…
enzyme
is a protein made in the ribosomes of your cells
Enzymes are
CATalysts that speed up chemical reactions... triggers to contro…
20 terms
Biology terms, Organic compunds
Carbohydrate
Proteins
Lipids
Nucleic Acids
Composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Main source of ener…
Are nutrients that contain nitrogen as well as carbon, hydrog…
A group of organic compounds composed mostly of carbon and hy…
"The two nucleic acids, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribon…
Carbohydrate
Composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Main source of ener…
Proteins
Are nutrients that contain nitrogen as well as carbon, hydrog…
24 terms
Biology Organic Chemistry
The single most important element for…
Monomers
Polymer
Polymerzation
Carbon
Smallest individual unit
Larger molecules
The process of turning monomers into polymers (combining mono…
The single most important element for…
Carbon
Monomers
Smallest individual unit
8 terms
Biology Organic Chem
Protein
Nucleic Acid
Carbohydrates
Lipids
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen (CHON)
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorous (CHONP)
carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen (COH)
carbon and hydrogen-little to no oxygen (CHO)
Protein
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen (CHON)
Nucleic Acid
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorous (CHONP)
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