Study sets matching "biology organic"

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Study sets matching "biology organic"

Biology organic molecules
hydroxyl
amino acid
amino
dehydration synthesis
hydroxyl
amino acid
75 terms
AP BIOLOGY ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
atomic number
mass number
atomic weight/mass
Composition of atom
protons (which also = electrons)
protons + neutrons in an isotope
average mass of isotopes
protons and neutrons in nucleus, have the same mass. Electron…
atomic number
protons (which also = electrons)
mass number
protons + neutrons in an isotope
91 terms
Biology- Organic Macromolecules
What is so special about Carbon?
Monomer
Polymer
What are the four most common elements…
Carbon has four valence electrons. This allows it to form str…
A single unit, which when combined can form a polymer.
A chain made up of many repeating monomers, or small units.
Carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acid, and proteins.
What is so special about Carbon?
Carbon has four valence electrons. This allows it to form str…
Monomer
A single unit, which when combined can form a polymer.
11 terms
Biology Organic Molecules
lipids
Carbohydrates
Simple Carbohydrates
Complex Carbohydrates
the fats found in food, used in creating cell membrane becaus…
Two types: simple and complex. Provide sugars in the form of…
Glucose. Found in fruits and extracted from plants, sugar is…
Groupings of simple Carbs placed in different orders. Starch:…
lipids
the fats found in food, used in creating cell membrane becaus…
Carbohydrates
Two types: simple and complex. Provide sugars in the form of…
20 terms
AP Biology- Organic Chemistry
isomers
geometric isomers
structural isomers
sterioisomers or entantiomers
organic molecules that have identical molecular formulas but…
organic molecules that vary in spacial arrangement
organic molecules that vary in covalent arrangement
organic molecules that vary in spacial arrangment around asym…
isomers
organic molecules that have identical molecular formulas but…
geometric isomers
organic molecules that vary in spacial arrangement
21 terms
Biology Organic Molecules & Dissections
ORGANIC MOLECULES
Monomer
Polymerization - Dehydration Synthesis
Types of Polymerization
-Organic compounds in living things... -Macromolecules, meaning…
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
-Large compounds are built by joining smaller ones together... -…
Carbohydrates= Glycosidic bond... Proteins= Peptide bond... Nucleic…
ORGANIC MOLECULES
-Organic compounds in living things... -Macromolecules, meaning…
Monomer
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
Biology Organic Chemistry
organic molecules
carbon
hydrogen
oxygen
molecules containing a carbon skeleton that is covalently bon…
four bonds
one bond
two bonds
organic molecules
molecules containing a carbon skeleton that is covalently bon…
carbon
four bonds
Biology Organic Compounds
examples of lipids
ending of most proteins
ending of most carbohydrates
the monomer of nucleic acid
waxes, oils, and fats
-in or -ine
-ose
nucleotide
examples of lipids
waxes, oils, and fats
ending of most proteins
-in or -ine
37 terms
biology- organic molecules & cells
organic
what is the importance of carbon?
diversity {of carbon}
all organic molecules/polymers start s…
containing carbon
carbon forms the backbone of organic molecules. gives more di…
due to tetravalence of carbon
a cell
organic
containing carbon
what is the importance of carbon?
carbon forms the backbone of organic molecules. gives more di…
10 terms
Biology- Organic Molecules
Hydroxyl
Carbonyl
Amino
Organic Phosphate
-OH
C=O
NH2
PO4
Hydroxyl
-OH
Carbonyl
C=O
Organic Compounds--Biology
ORGANIC MOLECULES
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucle…
Polymer
Monomer
Molecules containing atoms of carbon covalently bonded to ano…
four classes of organic (carbon based) macromolecules
A large molecule consisting of many smaller subunits called m…
The "building block" or sub-unit of a polymer
ORGANIC MOLECULES
Molecules containing atoms of carbon covalently bonded to ano…
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucle…
four classes of organic (carbon based) macromolecules
Biology Organisms
egg: huge amount... offspring: a lot
fertilization: external... development: e…
fish
eggs: many... offspring: some
fish estimated number of gametes and offspring
fish location of fertilization/development and degree of pare…
External External None
amphibians estimated number of gametes and offspring
egg: huge amount... offspring: a lot
fish estimated number of gametes and offspring
fertilization: external... development: e…
fish location of fertilization/development and degree of pare…
9 terms
Organic Compounds -Biology
organic compounds definition
why do atoms bond?
macromolecules definition
monomers
contain carbon atoms... carbon have 4 valence electrons and can…
because they are unstable
large organic compounds found in living things
the sub unit of building block of a larger molecule, these co…
organic compounds definition
contain carbon atoms... carbon have 4 valence electrons and can…
why do atoms bond?
because they are unstable
Biology Test Organic Molecules
What are the four main classes of orga…
What elements do all the four main cla…
What are simple sugars?
What are the three types of carbohydra…
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen (CHO)
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides
What are the four main classes of orga…
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids
What elements do all the four main cla…
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen (CHO)
20 terms
Biologie: Organe
Zähne
Zunge
Speicheldrüsen
Speiseröhre
zerkleinern Nahrung
schiebt Nahrung unter die Zähne und dann Richtung Speiseröhre…
produzieren Speichel, der:... Nahrung aufquillt... Geschmacksstoffe…
transportiert Nahrung aktiv in den Magen (Peristaltik)
Zähne
zerkleinern Nahrung
Zunge
schiebt Nahrung unter die Zähne und dann Richtung Speiseröhre…
10 terms
Biology Organic Compounds
glycogen
enzymes
nucleic acids
cellulose
a polysaccharide that is used by animals to store their exces…
important in regulating chemical pathways, synthesizing mater…
complex molecules composed of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitro…
a polysaccharide that gives strength and rigidity to plants
glycogen
a polysaccharide that is used by animals to store their exces…
enzymes
important in regulating chemical pathways, synthesizing mater…
29 terms
Biology BJU 2B Organic Chemistry
organic compound
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
glucose
compounds that contain covalently boded carbon atoms
are organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
basic units of carbohydrates...simple sugar
a 6-carbon sugar manufactured by plants
organic compound
compounds that contain covalently boded carbon atoms
carbohydrate
are organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
19 terms
Biology Keystone Review "Organic Chemistry"
Adhesion
Cohesion
Atom
Concentration
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
Basic unit of matter
The amount of one material in a certain volume of another mat…
Adhesion
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
Organic Biology Key Terms
Carbohydrate
Types of Carbohydrates
Proteins
Types of Proteins
Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
Monosaccharides Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides
Build and repair tissues, Supply energy, when needed
Structural, Enzyme, Contractile, Immunoglobulin, Hormone, Rec…
Carbohydrate
Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
Types of Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides
Biology Unit 3: Organic Macromolecules
alpha helix
amines
amino acid
amino group
one of the two basic shapes in the secondary structure
an organic compound derived from ammonia by replacement of on…
an organic molecule containing a carboxyl group and an amino…
a chemical group consisting of a nitrogen atom bonded to two…
alpha helix
one of the two basic shapes in the secondary structure
amines
an organic compound derived from ammonia by replacement of on…
8 terms
Biology - Organs
What is digestion?
What is the heart and what do differen…
What do arteries do?
What are veins and what do they do?
Digestion is a process that the body uses to break down food…
It is a muscular pump (double pump) and it has 4 chambers. Th…
They transport blood at high pressure.
Veins are tubes that form part of the blood circulation system?
What is digestion?
Digestion is a process that the body uses to break down food…
What is the heart and what do differen…
It is a muscular pump (double pump) and it has 4 chambers. Th…
74 terms
Biology: Macromolecules and Organic Compounds
Organic compounds
Life
72
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucle…
These carbon based compounds are synthesized by cells
_______ is built of carbon.
Cells are ____% H2O.
Cells are made of 25% carbon compounds, which are:
Organic compounds
These carbon based compounds are synthesized by cells
Life
_______ is built of carbon.
40 terms
Biology of Organisms
The classification of the common house…
The traditional three or five Kingdom…
The first genes on earth were probably…
Prokaryotes such as bacteria...... A. rep…
D. Orders
A. unicellular organisms are either prokaryotic or eukaryotic
C. auto catalytic RNA moleules
B. divide by binary fission
The classification of the common house…
D. Orders
The traditional three or five Kingdom…
A. unicellular organisms are either prokaryotic or eukaryotic
16 terms
AP Biology: Organic Molecules
Hydrocarbon
Functional Groups
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
molecules of only carbon and hydrogen
Groups that are added to hydrocarbon chains. Makes carbon str…
process that removes a hydrogen on one side and an alcohol on…
Water splits and divides a chain
Hydrocarbon
molecules of only carbon and hydrogen
Functional Groups
Groups that are added to hydrocarbon chains. Makes carbon str…
Biology "The First Organic Compounds"
Alexander Oparin
Miller-Urey Experiment
Miller-Urey Experiment
-Meteorites fell to earth and delivere…
- a soviet scientist that suggested Earth's atmosphere was mu…
this experiment proved that Oparins theory about the atmosphe…
Name 2 other theories of the formation of organic compounds.
Alexander Oparin
- a soviet scientist that suggested Earth's atmosphere was mu…
Miller-Urey Experiment
this experiment proved that Oparins theory about the atmosphe…
25 terms
Biology: Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates are...
Composition of carbohydrates
Types of carbohydrates
Types of monosaccharides
Sugars
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Monosaccharide (simple sugars), disaccharide, polysaccharide
Glucose, fructose, galactose (fruit/candy bar)
Carbohydrates are...
Sugars
Composition of carbohydrates
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Cell to organism - Preliminary biology
specialized cell
tissue
Organ
organ system
A cell that performs one function e.g. a muscle cell
A group of the same type of specialized cells (e.g. muscle ce…
A collection of different tissues that all work together to p…
A collection of different organs that all worked together to…
specialized cell
A cell that performs one function e.g. a muscle cell
tissue
A group of the same type of specialized cells (e.g. muscle ce…
27 terms
Honors Biology: Cells and Organisms
Neuron
Muscle cell
Xylem
Phloem
A cell that has the structure and properties to conduct signa…
A cell that can contract, either on its own or when stimulate…
Vascular tissue in plants that conducts water and minerals up…
Vascular tissue in plants that transports sugar and nutrients…
Neuron
A cell that has the structure and properties to conduct signa…
Muscle cell
A cell that can contract, either on its own or when stimulate…
11 terms
Biology - Biological Levels of Organization
populations
tissues
organs
organ system
communities are made up of...
group of cells working together to perform a function
group of tissues working together to perform a function
group of organs working together to perform a function
populations
communities are made up of...
tissues
group of cells working together to perform a function
59 terms
Biology Unit 3 - Organic Chemistry
organic
inorganic
Common elements and their bonds
functional group
Molecules containing Carbon (skeleton bonded to hydrogen)
molecules that don't contain carbon
Hydrogen (H) - 1 bond... Oxygen (O) - 2 bonds... Nitrogen (N) - 3 b…
a specific group of atoms that determine the function of a mo…
organic
Molecules containing Carbon (skeleton bonded to hydrogen)
inorganic
molecules that don't contain carbon
27 terms
Biology Organic Molecules
Nucleic Acids
DNA
DNA characteristics
RNA
A complex organic molecule that stores all your genetic infor…
codes for all functions stored in cells
Stored in nucleus and doule stranded
The "worker" who helps get DNA's message out so protiens can…
Nucleic Acids
A complex organic molecule that stores all your genetic infor…
DNA
codes for all functions stored in cells
30 terms
Introduction to Biology, Organic Molecules, and Enzymes
Biotic
Abiotic
Characteristics of Life
Homeostasis
Living
Nonliving
An organism must meet all of these to be considered living: m…
Maintaining stable conditions within an organism. For example…
Biotic
Living
Abiotic
Nonliving
Biology: organic chemistry
Versatility of carbon in organic molec…
List the five functional groups
Function of hydroxyl in living organism
Function of aldehyde in a living organ…
Carbon has 4 valence electrons so it has the ability to form…
Hydroxyl, aldehyde (carbonyl), ketone (carbonyl) , carboxyl,…
Considered alcohols/ sugars, make molecules soluble in water…
Simple sugars, carbonyl group
Versatility of carbon in organic molec…
Carbon has 4 valence electrons so it has the ability to form…
List the five functional groups
Hydroxyl, aldehyde (carbonyl), ketone (carbonyl) , carboxyl,…
32 terms
Biology (ORGANIC COMPOUNDS)
What are organic compounds?
Macromolecules
Exceptions to organic molecules?
CARBONS
Compounds that contain carbon are called organic
Large organic molecules (carbs, lipids, protein, and nucleic…
Oxides of carbon ... Carbonates... Hydrogen carbonates ... Are all exa…
Carbon has 4 electrons in outer shell. ... Carbon can form coval…
What are organic compounds?
Compounds that contain carbon are called organic
Macromolecules
Large organic molecules (carbs, lipids, protein, and nucleic…
92 terms
Biology #2 (Organic Macrmolecules)
Amino Acids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Organic Compounds
Molecules that make up Proteins
Class of macromolecules that are the principle components of…
Class of macromolecules assembled from nucleotides
Compounds that contain a chain of at least two carbon atoms
Amino Acids
Molecules that make up Proteins
Proteins
Class of macromolecules that are the principle components of…
Organic Chemistry Biology
Polymers
Dehydrate
Synthesis
C, H
Large organic molecules.
Remove H2O
To build
Organic compounds must contain these elements
Polymers
Large organic molecules.
Dehydrate
Remove H2O
40 terms
Unit 1 Biology (Organic Molecules, organelles)
Monomer
Polymer
Organic Molecule
Carbohydrate
The subunit of a polymer
Multiple monomers put together
Molecules used to make life
Sugars
Monomer
The subunit of a polymer
Polymer
Multiple monomers put together
conceptual biology - organic compounds
compound
organic compound
carbon
hydrocarbon
a substance made of at least two different kinds of atoms che…
a compound containing the element carbon and found in living…
forms as many 4 covalent bonds because it only has 4 electron…
an organic compound containing only C and H
compound
a substance made of at least two different kinds of atoms che…
organic compound
a compound containing the element carbon and found in living…
Biology:Organic Chemistry Vocab
Active site
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Cellulose
Area on an enzyme where substrate binds
Monomer of protein
Includes all monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysacchari…
Polysaccharide example, also known as fiber
Active site
Area on an enzyme where substrate binds
Amino Acid
Monomer of protein
37 terms
Organic Molecules Biology
Compound
Organic Compound
Polymer
Hydrogen Bond
Substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
Molecules composed of organic elements, but mostly carbon.
A molecule composed of smaller components known as monomers.
Weak connection between polar water molecules.
Compound
Substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
Organic Compound
Molecules composed of organic elements, but mostly carbon.
Biology (organic chem)
Organic
Macro molecules/ polymers
Monomers
Monomer of carbs and starches
Any material that is comprised of mainly hydrogen atoms. Usua…
Giant molecules formed by monomers
Small units that join together to make large molecules
Sugar
Organic
Any material that is comprised of mainly hydrogen atoms. Usua…
Macro molecules/ polymers
Giant molecules formed by monomers
Biology Organic Molecules
Isomers
4 Classes of Organic Molecules
Monosaccharide
disaccharide
same chemical formula but different structure
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids
Single carbohydrate (simple sugar)
A double sugar molecule made of two monosaccharides bonded to…
Isomers
same chemical formula but different structure
4 Classes of Organic Molecules
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids
11 terms
Biology:Major Organ Systems Functions
Circulatory System
Digestive System
Endocrine System
Excretory System
Transports nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food, removes wastes, mai…
Regulates body temperature, metabolism, development, and repr…
Removes wastes from blood; regulates concentration of body fl…
Circulatory System
Transports nutrients, wastes, hormones, and gases
Digestive System
Extracts and absorbs nutrients from food, removes wastes, mai…
Biology - Organic Compounds
organic compound
carbon skeleton
hydroxyl group
amino group
carbon-based molecules
the chain of carbon atoms in an organic molecule
hydrogen and oxygen atoms bonded to create the carbon skeleton
nitrogen and two hydrogen atoms
organic compound
carbon-based molecules
carbon skeleton
the chain of carbon atoms in an organic molecule
Molecular Biology: Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Vitalism
Properties of carbon
4 main carbon compunds
The study of compounds with bonds between carbon atoms
Belief in a life force that was outside physical and chemical…
4 valence electrons that allow them to form strong covalent b…
Proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and nucleic acids
Organic Chemistry
The study of compounds with bonds between carbon atoms
Vitalism
Belief in a life force that was outside physical and chemical…
49 terms
Biology- Organic Compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Macromolecule
Condensation Reaction
1 Molecule
2 molecules
Very large complex combination of molecules
formula that water is a product... monomer + monomer = polymer +…
Monomer
1 Molecule
Polymer
2 molecules
AP Biology Organic Compounds
Element
Compound
Atomic number
Atomic mass
Substancs that can't be broken down by chemical means
Substance consisting of 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio w…
The number of protons a certain element has
Approximation of total mass of an atom
Element
Substancs that can't be broken down by chemical means
Compound
Substance consisting of 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio w…
AP Biology Organic Chemistry
organic chemistry
Carbon
vitalism
mechanism
the study of carbon compounds. Most carbon compounds contain…
most versatile element because of its 4 open bonds, naming it…
the belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
the view that physical and chemical laws govern all natural p…
organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds. Most carbon compounds contain…
Carbon
most versatile element because of its 4 open bonds, naming it…
75 terms
Biology organic molecules
organic compounds
hydrocarbons
functional groups
macromolecule
compounds that contain carbon
organic molecules that contain only carbon and hydrogen
atoms that form the chemically reactive part of a molecule
very large molecule in a living organism: protein, polysaccha…
organic compounds
compounds that contain carbon
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that contain only carbon and hydrogen
Biology Unit 1 (organic compounds)
carbohydrate common name
lipid common name
protein common name
carbohydrate chemicals
sugars
fats and oils (waxes)
proteins
CHO
carbohydrate common name
sugars
lipid common name
fats and oils (waxes)
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