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Study sets matching "biology physiology chapter 11 human anatomy"

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Study sets matching "biology physiology chapter 11 human anatomy"

77 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
4 types of arrangements
Parallel Muscles
Convergent Muscles
Pennate Muscles
Parallel muscles... Convergent muscles... Pennate muscles (Unipenna…
-Structure: Fascicles arranged parallel with the long axis of…
-Structure: One attachment site for muscle fascicles all spre…
-Structure: Fascicles are arranged at an angle when connected…
4 types of arrangements
Parallel muscles... Convergent muscles... Pennate muscles (Unipenna…
Parallel Muscles
-Structure: Fascicles arranged parallel with the long axis of…
Human Anatomy & Physiology- Chapter 11
Brain
Spinal Cord
Spinal Nerves
Reflexes
the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
a slender column of nervous tissue that is continuous with th…
branch to various body parts and connect them with the CNS
rapid automatic response to a stimulus
Brain
the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
Spinal Cord
a slender column of nervous tissue that is continuous with th…
44 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Sensory (afferent) division
Motor (efferent) division
Autonomic nervous system (ANS)
Sympathetic Division
somatic and visceral sensory nerve fibers conducts impulses f…
motor nerve fibers, conducts impulses from the CNS to effecto…
Visceral motor (involuntary) conducts impulses from the CNS t…
mobilizes body systems during activity
Sensory (afferent) division
somatic and visceral sensory nerve fibers conducts impulses f…
Motor (efferent) division
motor nerve fibers, conducts impulses from the CNS to effecto…
72 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
what are fascicles?
what are the 4 patterns of fascicle or…
parallel muscle
convergent muscle
organized bundles of muscle fibres
1. Parallel... 2. Convergent ... 3. Pennate... 4. Circular
Fibres parallel to long axis of body... - For example, biceps b…
A broad area converges on attachment site... - For example, pec…
what are fascicles?
organized bundles of muscle fibres
what are the 4 patterns of fascicle or…
1. Parallel... 2. Convergent ... 3. Pennate... 4. Circular
97 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
Nervous System
Monitoring stimuli.
Interpretation of sensory input.
Response to stimuli.
1. Sensory Output (Sense).... 2. Integration (React/Think).... 3. M…
Sensory Input
Monitoring stimuli.
Integration
Interpretation of sensory input.
38 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Nervous System; 3 Overlapping functions
Somatic Sensory Fibers
Visceral Sensory Fibers
Motor/Efferent Division; 2 Main parts
Sensory Input, Integration, Motor Output
Conveys impulses from the skin, skeletal muscles and joints
Transmit impulses from the visceral organs (within ventral bo…
Somatic Nervous System-Conduct impulses from the CNS to skele…
Nervous System; 3 Overlapping functions
Sensory Input, Integration, Motor Output
Somatic Sensory Fibers
Conveys impulses from the skin, skeletal muscles and joints
136 terms
Chapter 11- Human Anatomy and Physiology
The main differences between the Nervo…
Functions of the Nervous System:
Example of the functions:
The Nervous System is divided into wha…
Nervous System... a) very complex... b) fast acting ... c) communicati…
1) monitors changes (receives stimuli) =SENSORY INPUT... 2) proc…
You are driving and you see a red light ahead (sensory input)…
1) Central Nervous System... 2) Peripheral Nervous System
The main differences between the Nervo…
Nervous System... a) very complex... b) fast acting ... c) communicati…
Functions of the Nervous System:
1) monitors changes (receives stimuli) =SENSORY INPUT... 2) proc…
50 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Which of the following is not a specia…
Select the correct statement regarding…
Nerve cell adhesion molecules (N-CAMs)…
Which of the following is not true of…
They are mitotic.
The synaptic cleft prevents an impulse from being transmitted…
are crucial for the development of neural connections
They increase amplitude as they move away from the stimulus p…
Which of the following is not a specia…
They are mitotic.
Select the correct statement regarding…
The synaptic cleft prevents an impulse from being transmitted…
49 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 11
Nervous System
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
Fast-acting control system that triggers muscles contraction…
the information gathered by sensory receptors resulting from…
the process by which the nervous system processes and interpr…
the process by which the nervous system activates effector or…
Nervous System
Fast-acting control system that triggers muscles contraction…
Sensory Input
the information gathered by sensory receptors resulting from…
90 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Muscle cell
Skeletal Muscle
Striations.
Involuntary
Is a device for converting the chemical energy of ATP into th…
A voluntary striated muscle that is usually attached to one o…
Light and dark transverse bands.
Not usually under conscious control
Muscle cell
Is a device for converting the chemical energy of ATP into th…
Skeletal Muscle
A voluntary striated muscle that is usually attached to one o…
35 terms
Chapter 11 Human Anatomy and Physiology
Nervous System
Sensory input
Integration
Motor output
Master controlling and communicating system of body ... Cells co…
Information gathered by sensory receptor about internal and e…
Processing and interpretation of sensory input( sends to the…
Activation of effector organs produce a response( decide what…
Nervous System
Master controlling and communicating system of body ... Cells co…
Sensory input
Information gathered by sensory receptor about internal and e…
30 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Neuroglia (CNS)
Astrocytes (CNS)
Astrocytes (CNS)
Astrocytes (CNS)
Neurons associate closely with much smaller cells "nerve glue"
Shaped like branching sea anemones "star cells"
Bracing the neurons and anchoring them to their nutrient supp…
Their most important job is "mopping up" leaked potassium ion…
Neuroglia (CNS)
Neurons associate closely with much smaller cells "nerve glue"
Astrocytes (CNS)
Shaped like branching sea anemones "star cells"
49 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11
Which of the following is not a functi…
The ______ nervous system is composed…
The ______ nervous system controls the…
The part of the peripheral nervous sys…
Direct long term functions such as growth
Central
Somatic
Afferent
Which of the following is not a functi…
Direct long term functions such as growth
The ______ nervous system is composed…
Central
45 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11 Pearson
Nervous System
Nervous system functions
Central Nervous System
Peripheral nervous system
Master Controlling and communicating system of the body, cell…
Sensory input, Integration (brain), and motor output
Brain and Spinal cord, Integrative and control centers.
Cranial nerves and spinal nerves, communication lines between…
Nervous System
Master Controlling and communicating system of the body, cell…
Nervous system functions
Sensory input, Integration (brain), and motor output
82 terms
Hole's Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11
A cranial dural sinus contains which t…
Most of the cerebrospinal fluid is fou…
The___ extension of the dura matter th…
To minimize trauma, a spinal tap is pr…
Venous blood
subarachnoid space
Falx cerebelli
L3
A cranial dural sinus contains which t…
Venous blood
Most of the cerebrospinal fluid is fou…
subarachnoid space
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11
Parallel muscle
Convergent muscle
Pennate muscle
Circular muscle/sphincter
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
The fascicles form a common angle within the tendon
The fascicles are concetrically arranged around an opening
Parallel muscle
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Convergent muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
228 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology 1: Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Sarcolemma
Sarcoplasm
Glycogen
Myoglobin
The plasma membrane of a muscle fiber
The cytoplasm of a fiber
An energy-storage polysaccharide abundant in muscle
An oxygen-storing red pigment of muscle
Sarcolemma
The plasma membrane of a muscle fiber
Sarcoplasm
The cytoplasm of a fiber
49 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11 Pearson
Nervous System
Nervous system functions
Central Nervous System
Peripheral nervous system
Master Controlling and communicating system of the body, cell…
Sensory input, Integration (brain), and motor output
Brain and Spinal cord, Integrative and control centers.
Cranial nerves and spinal nerves, communication lines between…
Nervous System
Master Controlling and communicating system of the body, cell…
Nervous system functions
Sensory input, Integration (brain), and motor output
13 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology chapter 11 vocab
Systemic circulation
Pulmonary circulation
Endocarditis
Systole
second circuit, from the left side of the heart through the b…
circulation from the right side of the heart to the lungs and…
forces the heart to contract more vigorously than normal to c…
heart contraction
Systemic circulation
second circuit, from the left side of the heart through the b…
Pulmonary circulation
circulation from the right side of the heart to the lungs and…
22 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11 Vocab
Mediastinum
Apex
Pericardium
Fibrous pericardium
the region of the thoracic cavity between the lungs
lowest portion of the heart, directed inferior, anterior, and…
double membranous sac enveloping the heart
fibrous sac enclosing the heart and the roots of the great ve…
Mediastinum
the region of the thoracic cavity between the lungs
Apex
lowest portion of the heart, directed inferior, anterior, and…
60 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology I: Chapter 11
sensory input
integration
motor output
interneuron
what's happening inside and outside of the body
what should be done in response
the actual response
neurons in the central nervous system
sensory input
what's happening inside and outside of the body
integration
what should be done in response
49 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11 Pearson
Nervous System
Nervous system functions
Central Nervous System
Peripheral nervous system
Master Controlling and communicating system of the body, cell…
Sensory input, Integration (brain), and motor output
Brain and Spinal cord, Integrative and control centers.
Cranial nerves and spinal nerves, communication lines between…
Nervous System
Master Controlling and communicating system of the body, cell…
Nervous system functions
Sensory input, Integration (brain), and motor output
45 terms
The Circulatory System Chapter 11 Human Anatomy and Physiology
Pulmonary Circuit
Systemic Circuit
Arteries
Arterioles
This carries blood through the lungs
This carries blood through a body tissue (1 or 2 organs) befo…
These carry blood away from the heart
These carry blood away from the heart
Pulmonary Circuit
This carries blood through the lungs
Systemic Circuit
This carries blood through a body tissue (1 or 2 organs) befo…
45 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11 Pearson
Nervous System
Nervous system functions
Central Nervous System
Peripheral nervous system
Master Controlling and communicating system of the body, cell…
Sensory input, Integration (brain), and motor output
Brain and Spinal cord, Integrative and control centers.
Cranial nerves and spinal nerves, communication lines between…
Nervous System
Master Controlling and communicating system of the body, cell…
Nervous system functions
Sensory input, Integration (brain), and motor output
8 terms
Chapter 11-14 Human Anatomy and Physiology
Nervous System
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
Master controlling and communicating system of the body.
Nervous System uses sensory receptors to monitor changes insi…
Process in which the Nervous System interprets Sensory Input…
Response in which the Nervous System activates effector organ…
Nervous System
Master controlling and communicating system of the body.
Sensory Input
Nervous System uses sensory receptors to monitor changes insi…
19 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11 Pearson
lateral aperture
median aperture
thalamus
basal nuclei
Holes in 4th ventricle that allowes CSF to pass through. Also…
A pore in the wall of the 4th ventricle which CSF escapes out…
the brain's sensory switchboard, located on top of the brains…
Influence muscle movement, role in cognition and emotion, reg…
lateral aperture
Holes in 4th ventricle that allowes CSF to pass through. Also…
median aperture
A pore in the wall of the 4th ventricle which CSF escapes out…
49 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11 Pearson
Nervous System
Nervous system functions
Central Nervous System
Peripheral nervous system
Master Controlling and communicating system of the body, cell…
Sensory input, Integration (brain), and motor output
Brain and Spinal cord, Integrative and control centers.
Cranial nerves and spinal nerves, communication lines between…
Nervous System
Master Controlling and communicating system of the body, cell…
Nervous system functions
Sensory input, Integration (brain), and motor output
49 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11 Pearson
Nervous System
Nervous system functions
Central Nervous System
Peripheral nervous system
Master Controlling and communicating system of the body, cell…
Sensory input, Integration (brain), and motor output
Brain and Spinal cord, Integrative and control centers.
Cranial nerves and spinal nerves, communication lines between…
Nervous System
Master Controlling and communicating system of the body, cell…
Nervous system functions
Sensory input, Integration (brain), and motor output
45 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11 Pearson
Nervous System
Nervous system functions
Central Nervous System
Peripheral nervous system
Master Controlling and communicating system of the body, cell…
Sensory input, Integration (brain), and motor output
Brain and Spinal cord, Integrative and control centers.
Cranial nerves and spinal nerves, communication lines between…
Nervous System
Master Controlling and communicating system of the body, cell…
Nervous system functions
Sensory input, Integration (brain), and motor output
44 terms
Mader's Understanding Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter: Chapter 11
The percentage of blood made up of red…
a defense function of the blood?
Plasma proteins
The majority of plasma proteins are pr…
What is Hematocrit?
blood clotting.... removes dead cells.... removes pathogens.
Albumins - osmotic pressure and transport... Globulins... Alpha and…
liver
The percentage of blood made up of red…
What is Hematocrit?
a defense function of the blood?
blood clotting.... removes dead cells.... removes pathogens.
82 terms
Human anatomy & physiology ch 11
Endocrine system
What hormones do
Local hormones
Some local hormones are
Includes cells, tissues, and organs, collectively called endo…
Hormones diffuse from the interstitial fluid into the bloodst…
Some glands secrete substances into the interstitial fluid, b…
Paracrine secretions, which only affect neighboring cells.…
Endocrine system
Includes cells, tissues, and organs, collectively called endo…
What hormones do
Hormones diffuse from the interstitial fluid into the bloodst…
25 terms
Essentials of human anatomy and physiology chapter 11
artery
arteriole
vein
tunic interna
blood vessel that carries blood away from heart
minute artery
vessel carrying blood away from tissues toward the heart
lines the lumen or interior if the vessels (thin layer)
artery
blood vessel that carries blood away from heart
arteriole
minute artery
100 terms
Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology 13th Edition: Chapter 11
Brain
Dura Mater
Arachnoid mater
Cerebrospinal Fluid
is the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
outer... venous sinuses... Falx... Dural sinus... epidural space
middle... space contains cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)... Pia mater
Secreted by the choroid plexus... completely surrounds the bra…
Brain
is the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
Dura Mater
outer... venous sinuses... Falx... Dural sinus... epidural space
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11
Parallel muscle
Convergent muscle
Pennate muscle
Circular muscle/sphincter
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
The fascicles form a common angle within the tendon
The fascicles are concetrically arranged around an opening
Parallel muscle
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Convergent muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11: Fundamentals of the Nervous System and Nervous Tissue
sensory input
integration
motor output
central nervous system
the information gathered
the nervous system processes and interprets sensory input and…
the nervous system activates the effector organs to cause a r…
the system including the brain and spinal cord. integrating a…
sensory input
the information gathered
integration
the nervous system processes and interprets sensory input and…
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Muscles produce ________
Exert force on tendons -->
One bone must be stationary while
Muscles grouped by
Movement
Tendons pull bones and structures
Another bone moves in response to muscle contraction
Opposing pairs
Muscles produce ________
Movement
Exert force on tendons -->
Tendons pull bones and structures
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 11
muscle cells
what are the characteristics of muscle…
skeletal muscle
voluntary
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
voluntary, striated muscle that is usually attached to one or…
subject to conscious control
muscle cells
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
what are the characteristics of muscle…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
203 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
CNS
Meninges
Dura Mater
Internal Periosteum
This is the part of the nervous system that contains the brai…
These are the membranes that help protect the brain and spina…
Outer layer of the meninges, made of fibrous connective tissu…
The dura mater contains veins, arteries, and nerves and attac…
CNS
This is the part of the nervous system that contains the brai…
Meninges
These are the membranes that help protect the brain and spina…
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 11
Olfactory System
Papillae
Pinna
3 Parts of the External Ear
Where the sense of smell comes from
The tiny bumps on thetongue
The part of the ear that can been seen on the outside
Pinna, External auditory canal, Eardrum
Olfactory System
Where the sense of smell comes from
Papillae
The tiny bumps on thetongue
121 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
functions of the nervous system
components of the nervous system
subdivisions of the nervous system
central nervous system (CNS) components
1) receiving sensory input; monitor internal and external sti…
brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sensory receptors
central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (P…
brain and spinal cord
functions of the nervous system
1) receiving sensory input; monitor internal and external sti…
components of the nervous system
brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sensory receptors
13 terms
The Cardiovascular System Chapter 11 Human Anatomy And Physiology Parts Of The Heart Identification
Superior Vena Cava
Right Pulmonary Artery
Right Pulmonary Veins
Right Atrium
Superior Vena Cava
Right Pulmonary Artery
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 11
muscle cells
what are the characteristics of muscle…
skeletal muscle
voluntary
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
voluntary, striated muscle that is usually attached to one or…
subject to conscious control
muscle cells
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
what are the characteristics of muscle…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
96 terms
Human Physiology AHL (Chapter 11)
Antigens
Zoonosis
Clonal selection
B lymphocyte cell
protein/polysaccharide molecules found on the surface of cells
infectious diseases of animals (usually vertebrates) that can…
type of white blood cell of the lymphocyte subtype. They func…
Antigens
protein/polysaccharide molecules found on the surface of cells
Zoonosis
infectious diseases of animals (usually vertebrates) that can…
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Cardiovascular System
to deliver oxygen and nutrients to cel…
thorax, between the lungs and the infe…
Pericardium
a closed system of the heart and blood vessels
What are the functions of the cardiovascular system?
Where is the heart located?
Double walled sac that holds the heart
Cardiovascular System
a closed system of the heart and blood vessels
to deliver oxygen and nutrients to cel…
What are the functions of the cardiovascular system?
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
pericardium
myocardium
endocardium
heart structure
membrane that surrounds the heart
muscle layer of the heart
membrane that lines the inside of the heart
not a hollow cavity; not smooth on the inside; 4 cavities; va…
pericardium
membrane that surrounds the heart
myocardium
muscle layer of the heart
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11
Parallel muscle
Convergent muscle
Pennate muscle
Circular muscle/sphincter
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
The fascicles form a common angle within the tendon
The fascicles are concetrically arranged around an opening
Parallel muscle
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Convergent muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 11
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Subdivisions of the PNS
Sensory division of the PNS made up of
Brain & spinal cord... Integrating, processing, coordinating sen…
All neural tissue outside the CNS
Sensory division and motor division
Somatic sensory receptors... Special sensory receptors... Visceral…
Central Nervous System
Brain & spinal cord... Integrating, processing, coordinating sen…
Peripheral Nervous System
All neural tissue outside the CNS
95 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 11
Responsiveness (Excitability), Conduct…
Skeletal
Striations
Endomysium
5 Characteristics of Muscle
Voluntary, striated muscle attached to one or more bones
Alternating light and dark transverse bands
Connective tissue around muscle cells
Responsiveness (Excitability), Conduct…
5 Characteristics of Muscle
Skeletal
Voluntary, striated muscle attached to one or more bones
50 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11-14 test
The afferent division of the PNS consi…
Which of these would the ANS not inner…
Which cells of the CNS have an immune…
The gaps between the myelin sheaths in…
nerve impulses that convey impulses to the spinal cord
skeletal muscle
microglial cells
nodes of Ranvier
The afferent division of the PNS consi…
nerve impulses that convey impulses to the spinal cord
Which of these would the ANS not inner…
skeletal muscle
33 terms
University of Indianapolis Human Anatomy & Physiology (BIO 103) Chapter 11 & 12
The Nervous System
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor output
Master controlling and communicating system of the body. Cell…
information gathered by sensory receptors. ... Example: Seeing a…
processing and interpretation of sensory input.... Example:Think…
Activation of effector organs to produce a response. ... Example…
The Nervous System
Master controlling and communicating system of the body. Cell…
Sensory Input
information gathered by sensory receptors. ... Example: Seeing a…
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