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Study sets matching "biology physiology"

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Study sets matching "biology physiology"

17 terms
Biology: Physiology
Circulatory System
Heart
Vena Cava
Right Ventricle
The circulatory system is used to transport nutrients to cell…
The heart is a pump that forces blood to continually circulat…
The vena cava carries deoxygenated blood from the body to the…
The right ventricle pumps deoxygenated blood to the lungs
Circulatory System
The circulatory system is used to transport nutrients to cell…
Heart
The heart is a pump that forces blood to continually circulat…
81 terms
BIOLOGY PHYSIOLOGY
substances which make up cells
inorganic and organic molecules
four major organic compounds in cells
exmaples of four major organic compunds
Cells are composed of chemicals - some toxic chemicals interf…
Inorganic molecules are composed of other elements (they may…
lipids, proteins, nucleic acid, carbohydrates
oils, enzymes, dna, glucose
substances which make up cells
Cells are composed of chemicals - some toxic chemicals interf…
inorganic and organic molecules
Inorganic molecules are composed of other elements (they may…
50 terms
Insect Physiology and Molecular Biology
Stadium
apolysis
Ecdysis
Exuvium
the period between two molts
the separation of old cuticle from epidermis
the splitting and escape from the old cuticle; another word f…
the remnants of the old cuticle
Stadium
the period between two molts
apolysis
the separation of old cuticle from epidermis
51 terms
Cell Biology & Physiology
cellular respiration
viruses
bacteria
protists
the process of converting stored energy into usable ATP
nonliving, infectious particles that act as parasites in livi…
small, single celled prokaryotic organisms. Most reproduce as…
small, eukaryotic single-celled organisms. 3 kinds: plantlike…
cellular respiration
the process of converting stored energy into usable ATP
viruses
nonliving, infectious particles that act as parasites in livi…
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
8 terms
Biology and Physiology
Biology
Function of the living things
Humans and animals
Characteristics of Living Organisms
Study of the living things
Respond, adaptability, reproduce, movement ,locomotion
They have to processing food ,digest finally because of the a…
Responsiveness, Adaptability, Growth and Development , Reprod…
Biology
Study of the living things
Function of the living things
Respond, adaptability, reproduce, movement ,locomotion
20 terms
Biology II Anatomy and Physiology Intro
Anatomy
Physiology
Dissection
Anatomical Position
The study of structure of an organism and the relationship of…
The study of body function
Cutting technique used to separate body parts for study
The reference position for the body, which gives meaning to d…
Anatomy
The study of structure of an organism and the relationship of…
Physiology
The study of body function
47 terms
Regular Biology - Animal Physiology
Homeostasis
average body temperature
average heart rate
average blood pressure
maintenance of relatively constant internal chemical and phys…
98.6 F (37 C)
60 - 100 bpm
120/80 mmHg
Homeostasis
maintenance of relatively constant internal chemical and phys…
average body temperature
98.6 F (37 C)
12 terms
Biology: Physiology
Twelve
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Cells
The number of body systems we have
Physically breaking food into smaller pieces
Chemically breaking food into smaller pieces
The smallest unit of structure and function
Twelve
The number of body systems we have
Mechanical Digestion
Physically breaking food into smaller pieces
56 terms
Biology (Physiology)
What does blood transport?
Plasma
Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
1. Oxygen. ... 2. Nutrients. ... 3. Antibodies. ... 4. Hormones. ... 5. H…
Dissolves or carries all other components of blood, nutrients…
Red Blood Cells. ... Transports oxygen.
White Blood Cells. ... Phagocytes and Lymphocytes.
What does blood transport?
1. Oxygen. ... 2. Nutrients. ... 3. Antibodies. ... 4. Hormones. ... 5. H…
Plasma
Dissolves or carries all other components of blood, nutrients…
Physiology/ Biology
Physiology and Biology
Left-Right Brain Theory
Brain Prefers Complex Learning
Left Himesphere Processes Faster
Brain begins to lose cells from birth. Others say cell deteri…
Levy- Both sides of brain involved in nearly every activity.…
Designed to process many inputs at once. Thrives by pursuing…
Left hemisphere processes faster.... Tallal- When words are ele…
Physiology and Biology
Brain begins to lose cells from birth. Others say cell deteri…
Left-Right Brain Theory
Levy- Both sides of brain involved in nearly every activity.…
63 terms
Biology Physiology
Draw diagram of eye
Draw diagram of eye
Draw diagram of eye
Sclera
Draw diagram of eye
Draw diagram of eye
Draw diagram of eye
maintains eye shape and point of muscle attachment
Draw diagram of eye
Draw diagram of eye
Draw diagram of eye
Draw diagram of eye
38 terms
Biology: Physiology
Functions of the stomach
Functions of the small intestine (cons…
Functions of the large intestine
Function of the pancreas
• Digestion of proteins catalyzed by pepsin... • Bacteria that c…
• Secretion of enzymes by the wall of the small intestine tog…
• Passage of the indigestible food parts together with large…
secretes amylase, lipase and protease into the small intestine
Functions of the stomach
• Digestion of proteins catalyzed by pepsin... • Bacteria that c…
Functions of the small intestine (cons…
• Secretion of enzymes by the wall of the small intestine tog…
43 terms
Biology Physiology
germ layers
epithelial, connective, muscle, nerve
organ
muscle, connective, and epithelial tis…
endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm
four principle kinds of tissue
body structures composed of several different types of tissue…
muscles and tissues contained by the heart
germ layers
endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm
epithelial, connective, muscle, nerve
four principle kinds of tissue
30 terms
Biology physiology
Slow type 1 twitch muscles
Ectoderm
Mesoderm
Endoderm
Red... Postural endurance... Slow contraction speed... Low ATPase acti…
...
...
...
Slow type 1 twitch muscles
Red... Postural endurance... Slow contraction speed... Low ATPase acti…
Ectoderm
...
50 terms
Biology | Physiology | Digestive System
Carbohydrate digestion begins in the (…
What is the difference between mechani…
Where does chemical digestion begin?
What kind of teeth do you expect to se…
mouth; salivary amylase; salivary glands
Mechanical digestion does not change the chemical bonds withi…
The Mouth
Sharper incisors
Carbohydrate digestion begins in the (…
mouth; salivary amylase; salivary glands
What is the difference between mechani…
Mechanical digestion does not change the chemical bonds withi…
12 terms
Biology and Physiology
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Autonomic
network of nerve cells that receive and transmit nerve impuls…
contains the brain and spinal chord
Contains Autonomic,and Somatic. All of the nerves branching o…
automatic bodily functions (involuntary). Produces sympatheti…
Nervous System
network of nerve cells that receive and transmit nerve impuls…
Central Nervous System
contains the brain and spinal chord
53 terms
Biology Unit 10: Physiology
anatomy
physiology
organs
epithelial tissue
the study of internal and external structures
the study of how structures function
group of tissues that work to preform a single or several rel…
lines, covers, and protects organs... found in skin and covering…
anatomy
the study of internal and external structures
physiology
the study of how structures function
183 terms
Biology & Physiology Exam 2
What role does bone play in maintainin…
Support... Protect ... Anchorage ... Hormone pr…
They will look for red bone marrow whi…
Canilliculi, because nutrients like ox…
Bone, maintains balance of calcium in homeostasis. Calcium is…
6 Functions of Bones ?
Anemic, Doctor decides to sample your bone marrow. Which type…
Osteocytes residing in Lucunae of osteons of healthy compact…
What role does bone play in maintainin…
Bone, maintains balance of calcium in homeostasis. Calcium is…
Support... Protect ... Anchorage ... Hormone pr…
6 Functions of Bones ?
59 terms
biology physiology
Tim sustained superficial abrasions to…
b) Although Tim's abrasions were super…
Superficial injuries generally heal wi…
The injuries to Tim and Chris's skin i…
1. Basal cells migrate across wound... 2. when cells meat migrat…
Layer 1 - Stratum corneum - protective layer (light,heat,wate…
1. Inflammation phase - blot clot formation, Phagocytes and W…
Thick - 5 layers of epidermis. Found in palms soles and digit…
Tim sustained superficial abrasions to…
1. Basal cells migrate across wound... 2. when cells meat migrat…
b) Although Tim's abrasions were super…
Layer 1 - Stratum corneum - protective layer (light,heat,wate…
54 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology Terms
organ
organ system
organism
hormonal modification
a part of an organism that is typically self-contained and ha…
a group of organs that work together to perform one or more f…
the material structure of an individual life form
a substance produced by one tissue and conveyed by the bloods…
organ
a part of an organism that is typically self-contained and ha…
organ system
a group of organs that work together to perform one or more f…
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
46 terms
BISV - IB Biology - Topic 6 Human Physiology
6.1.1 Explain why digestion of large f…
6.1.2 Explain the need for enzymes in…
6.1.3 State the source, substrate, pro…
6.1.4 Draw and label a diagram of the…
◾Most food molecules are large polymers and insoluble ... ◾They…
◾Enzymes are biological catalysts that increase the rate of r…
6.1.1 Explain why digestion of large f…
◾Most food molecules are large polymers and insoluble ... ◾They…
6.1.2 Explain the need for enzymes in…
◾Enzymes are biological catalysts that increase the rate of r…
31 terms
Biology physiology
What does the skeleton do?
What does the skeleton protect?
What are bones composed of?
What are the range of movements for a…
Provides protection(for the vital organs), movement(muscle at…
The heart, lungs, brain and spinal cord
Flexible fibres and hard minerals
Many aka all around
What does the skeleton do?
Provides protection(for the vital organs), movement(muscle at…
What does the skeleton protect?
The heart, lungs, brain and spinal cord
108 terms
Physiology vocabulary AP BIOLOGY
Cell mediated immunity
Circadian rhythm
closed circulatory system
clonal selection
immunity against abnormal cells and pathogens inside living c…
A physiological cycle of about 24 hours that is present in al…
A circulatory system in which the oxygen-carrying blood cells…
A fundamental mechanism in the development of immunity; antig…
Cell mediated immunity
immunity against abnormal cells and pathogens inside living c…
Circadian rhythm
A physiological cycle of about 24 hours that is present in al…
45 terms
Biology with physiology
Macromolecule
Carbohydrates
Protein
Lipid
A giant molecules formed by joining smaller molecules. Exampl…
A biological molecule consisting of a simple sugar a monosacc…
A biological polymer constructed from hundreds to thousands o…
An organic compound consisting mainly of carbon and hydrogen…
Macromolecule
A giant molecules formed by joining smaller molecules. Exampl…
Carbohydrates
A biological molecule consisting of a simple sugar a monosacc…
66 terms
Biology - Human Physiology
Digestive system
Main stages of food processing
Mouth
Esophagus
Role: Breakdown of organic molecules into smaller components…
Ingestion: taking in of nutrients... Digestion: breakdown of org…
Function:... - Analysis of material before swallowing... - Mechanic…
Function:... - secrete mucous called mucin (which acts as a lubr…
Digestive system
Role: Breakdown of organic molecules into smaller components…
Main stages of food processing
Ingestion: taking in of nutrients... Digestion: breakdown of org…
135 terms
Biology: Human Physiology
Digestive system
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
The system of the body that breaks down the food we eat into…
The structure in the digestive system that functions a volunt…
The structure in the digestive system that moves food by peri…
The structure in the digestive system that churns and mixes t…
Digestive system
The system of the body that breaks down the food we eat into…
Mouth
The structure in the digestive system that functions a volunt…
28 terms
Biology-Physiology
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AI…
Action Potential
antibody
antigen
Disease caused by a retrovirus and transmitted via body fluid…
Electrochemical changes that take place across the axomembran…
Protein produced in response to the presence of an antigen, e…
Foreign substance, usually a protein or a polysaccharide, tha…
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AI…
Disease caused by a retrovirus and transmitted via body fluid…
Action Potential
Electrochemical changes that take place across the axomembran…
24 terms
Plant Physiology IBHL Biology
9.1.1 Outline how the root system prov…
9.1.2 List ways in which mineral ions…
9.1.3 Explain the process of mineral i…
9.1.4 State that terrestrial plants su…
-Plants take up water and essential minerals via their roots…
1. Diffusion- movement of minerals along a concentration grad…
- Minerals tat need to be taken up from the soil include K+,…
1. Thickened Cellulose- tickening of the cell wall provides e…
9.1.1 Outline how the root system prov…
-Plants take up water and essential minerals via their roots…
9.1.2 List ways in which mineral ions…
1. Diffusion- movement of minerals along a concentration grad…
154 terms
Biology: Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy literal meaning:
Anatomy
Physiology
Root for cell
cutting open
form and structure
function
cyto
Anatomy literal meaning:
cutting open
Anatomy
form and structure
180 terms
Human Physiology Biology 2420
What happens at 6:00AM
What happens at 7:00AM
What happens at 7:30AM
What happens at 8:30AM
wake up
big up in blood pressure and body temperature
melatonin secretion stops here.
bowel movement
What happens at 6:00AM
wake up
What happens at 7:00AM
big up in blood pressure and body temperature
19 terms
Biology HL: Human Physiology
6.1.1 Explain why digestion of large f…
6.1.2 Explain the need for enzymes in…
6.1.3 State the source, substrate, pro…
6.1.4 Draw and label a diagram of the…
-Breaks down polymers to monomers... -Provides cells with nutrie…
-Large food molecules need to be digested before the nutrient…
6.1.1 Explain why digestion of large f…
-Breaks down polymers to monomers... -Provides cells with nutrie…
6.1.2 Explain the need for enzymes in…
-Large food molecules need to be digested before the nutrient…
52 terms
Biology-Physiology
Converts food into __ molecles that ca…
Example of mechanical digestion
Example of salivary amylase
saliva
smaller...digested
chewing
saliva
enzyme that breaks chemical bonds in carbohydrates
Converts food into __ molecles that ca…
smaller...digested
Example of mechanical digestion
chewing
85 terms
Honors Biology - Animal Physiology
Homeostasis
average body temperature
average heart rate
average blood pressure
maintenance of relatively constant internal chemical and phys…
98.6 F (37 C)
60 - 100 bpm
120/80 mmHg
Homeostasis
maintenance of relatively constant internal chemical and phys…
average body temperature
98.6 F (37 C)
208 terms
SAT Biology - Human Physiology
What is the function of the human dige…
What kind of muscle is the digestive t…
How does the digestive tract push the…
What controls the muscles of the diges…
1. breaking down large food molecules into smaller, usable mo…
smooth (involuntary) muscle
peristalsis
autonomic nervous system
What is the function of the human dige…
1. breaking down large food molecules into smaller, usable mo…
What kind of muscle is the digestive t…
smooth (involuntary) muscle
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology, Systems
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology Systems
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Biology
Replication
Cell Division
Template Strand
Complimentary Strand
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The DNA strand that provides the template for ordering the se…
The DNA strand that is created by RNA transcript.
Replication
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
31 terms
Physiology Cell Biology
What are some other names for the Cell…
name 3 characteristics of the phosphol…
nutrients are taken in through the ___…
Waste products exit through the_____
Plasma membrane and cytoplasmic membrane
- Contain hydrophobic (fatty acid tails) portions ... - Contain…
Cell membrane
Cell membrane
What are some other names for the Cell…
Plasma membrane and cytoplasmic membrane
name 3 characteristics of the phosphol…
- Contain hydrophobic (fatty acid tails) portions ... - Contain…
24 terms
BIOLOGY 2 VOC (PHYSIOLOGY)
SYNAPSE
ENDOCRINE GLAND
ANTIGEN
FEEDBACK MECHANISMS
The neuron to neuron connection
Glands of the endocrine system that release hormones into the…
A protein that, when introduced in the blood, triggers the pr…
The way an organism monitors their internal environments and…
SYNAPSE
The neuron to neuron connection
ENDOCRINE GLAND
Glands of the endocrine system that release hormones into the…
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Biology
Replication
Cell Division
Template Strand
Complimentary Strand
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The DNA strand that provides the template for ordering the se…
The DNA strand that is created by RNA transcript.
Replication
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Mechanically, Chemically
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Digestion is __________ first, ___________ second.
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
24 terms
Animal physiology/Biology
What are the four levels of organizati…
What are the four main kinds of tissue…
Epithelial tissue
how is epithelial tissue it organized?
1. cell... 2. Tissue... 3. organ... 4. organ system
1. connective tissue... 2. Epithelial tissue... 3. Muscle tissue... 4.…
Covers and Lions most exterior and interior surface of the bo…
It is organized by shape and number of layers.... shapes: <flat…
What are the four levels of organizati…
1. cell... 2. Tissue... 3. organ... 4. organ system
What are the four main kinds of tissue…
1. connective tissue... 2. Epithelial tissue... 3. Muscle tissue... 4.…
76 terms
BIOLOGY: Animal Physiology Test
Basic Characteristics
No symmetry
Radial Symmetry
Bilateral symmetry
• No cell walls ... • Vacuoles... • Heterotrophic by ingestion ... • M…
an example of this is the phylum Porifera
Symmetry about a central axis.... ex: Corals, Sea stars, Jellies
Body plan in which only a single, imaginary line can divide t…
Basic Characteristics
• No cell walls ... • Vacuoles... • Heterotrophic by ingestion ... • M…
No symmetry
an example of this is the phylum Porifera
325 terms
Biology 1A: Physiology (Feller)
Pathway of Adrenaline "flight mode"
Ligand
Receptor Protein
Signal Transduction
you see something scary-->signal in the brain activates "flig…
is a signaling molecule (ex. epinephrine)
binds to signaling molecule
pathway through which... signal is converted to cellular respons…
Pathway of Adrenaline "flight mode"
you see something scary-->signal in the brain activates "flig…
Ligand
is a signaling molecule (ex. epinephrine)
28 terms
Campbell Essential Biology with Physiology Chapter 10
nucleotide
sugar-phosphate backbone
DNA
RNA
The sub-unit of nucleic acids (DNA, RNA) consisting of a suga…
A repeating pattern of sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphate that l…
DeoxyriboNucleic Acid- Bases: thymine (T), cytosine (C), aden…
Ribonucleic Acid- uracil (U), cytosine (C), adenine (A), guan…
nucleotide
The sub-unit of nucleic acids (DNA, RNA) consisting of a suga…
sugar-phosphate backbone
A repeating pattern of sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphate that l…
75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Digestion is __________ first, _______…
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Mechanically, Chemically
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
120 terms
Animal Physiology (BIOLOGY)
Nasal passages
Epiglottis
Oesophagus
Larynx
Warm, clean and add moisture to the air
Stops food getting into the lungs when you swollow
Carries food to the stomach
Voice box
Nasal passages
Warm, clean and add moisture to the air
Epiglottis
Stops food getting into the lungs when you swollow
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