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Study sets matching "biology plant form"

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Study sets matching "biology plant form"

19 terms
Biology 181 Plant Form
Xylem
Vessels
Phloem
Sieve-tube
Water-conducting tissue in vascular plantsand flows upward
Continuous tubes of dead cylindrical cells the go from end to…
Food- conducting tissue in vascular plants
Special phloem cell that carries sugars from a sugar source (…
Xylem
Water-conducting tissue in vascular plantsand flows upward
Vessels
Continuous tubes of dead cylindrical cells the go from end to…
9 terms
Biology 181 Plant form
Dermal tissue
Ground tissue
Vascular tissue
Meristems
outer protective cover
function in storage, photosynthesis and secretion
conducts water and nutrients
Clumps of small cells with dense cytoplasm and large nuclei
Dermal tissue
outer protective cover
Ground tissue
function in storage, photosynthesis and secretion
99 terms
AP Biology - Plant Form and Function
Fibrous Roots
Taproots
tap roots vs fibrous root
parts of flower
Made up of a mat of thing roots that are spread just below th…
Thick, vertical root with many lateral roots that come out fr…
Fibrous Roots
Made up of a mat of thing roots that are spread just below th…
Taproots
Thick, vertical root with many lateral roots that come out fr…
117 terms
Biology 222: Plant Form and Function
Complete
Incomplete
Perfect
Imperfect
A flower type that contains all 4 whorls
A flower type missing 1 or more whorls
A flower type containing both stamens and carpals
A flower type missing either stamens or carpals
Complete
A flower type that contains all 4 whorls
Incomplete
A flower type missing 1 or more whorls
Biology II- Plant Forms
root system
shoot system
plant tissues
simple tissue
anchors plant ... absorbs water and ions ... transport and storage
above ground; supporting stems, leaves, flowers... internodes, n…
simple and complex
1 type of cell
root system
anchors plant ... absorbs water and ions ... transport and storage
shoot system
above ground; supporting stems, leaves, flowers... internodes, n…
43 terms
Biology Philipps Plant Form and Function
plant
gametophyte
seed
endosperm
multicellular autotroph in which the embryo develops within t…
The haploid generation that produces gametes
A plant embryo with its food supply inside a protective coat,…
nutrient-storing tissue that nourishes the embryo
plant
multicellular autotroph in which the embryo develops within t…
gametophyte
The haploid generation that produces gametes
155 terms
Biology Plant and Animal form/function
What is indeterminate growth?
How do plants produce food?
Anchors the plant and takes in water a…
Harvests light and CO2 from the atmosp…
Plants grow throughout their lives
Plants use light energy to synthesize carbs, using CO2 from a…
The root system
Shoot system
What is indeterminate growth?
Plants grow throughout their lives
How do plants produce food?
Plants use light energy to synthesize carbs, using CO2 from a…
59 terms
Biology 121 Plant form physiology
Shoot system
Root system
Meristems
Apical meristems
Reproductive and vegetative parts (leaf, stem, flower, fruit)
Supports plant, absorbs water and minerals
Undifferentiated cells that continue to grow
Tips of the roots
Shoot system
Reproductive and vegetative parts (leaf, stem, flower, fruit)
Root system
Supports plant, absorbs water and minerals
149 terms
Biology 101: Plant Form and Function
What kind of plants are able to move a…
What are the two types of algae that m…
What are the two groups of green algae?
What are Chlorophytes?
vascular plants
red and brown
chlorophytes and charophytes
green algae that never made it to land
What kind of plants are able to move a…
vascular plants
What are the two types of algae that m…
red and brown
119 terms
Biology: Plant form, function and transport
Angiosperms
Seeds
Gametophyte
Sporophyte
Flowering plants
Reproductive structures produced by flowering/seed plants, us…
Produces gamete; small in flowering plants
Produces spore; large in flowering plants
Angiosperms
Flowering plants
Seeds
Reproductive structures produced by flowering/seed plants, us…
53 terms
Biology Exam 2, Plant Biology, Plant Form and Function
What parts of the plant cells are uniq…
Describe the Cell Wall.
Describe the two parts of the cell wall.
Identify the parts of the root.
Cell Wall, Vacuole, and Chloroplast
Mostly made up of cellulose (hard to digest)... Lignin - toughes…
Primary- young & flexible ... Secondary - old & rigid, lots of l…
Lateral Root (increases reach of root system)... Root Hairs... Vasc…
What parts of the plant cells are uniq…
Cell Wall, Vacuole, and Chloroplast
Describe the Cell Wall.
Mostly made up of cellulose (hard to digest)... Lignin - toughes…
51 terms
Plant Form
Plant body's are made up of what syste…
Root system
Shoot system
3 tissue types of plants
Root and shoot
Is below ground and gives the plant stability and nutrients
Is above ground and does photosynthesis and reproduction
Dermal (outer covering), Ground (most, is for storage, photo,…
Plant body's are made up of what syste…
Root and shoot
Root system
Is below ground and gives the plant stability and nutrients
78 terms
AP Biology - Plant Form and Function
Fibrous Roots
Taproots
Nodes
Internodes
Made up of a mat of thing roots that are spread just below th…
Thick, vertical root with many lateral roots that come out fr…
Points at which leaves are attached.
Parts of the stem between the nodes.
Fibrous Roots
Made up of a mat of thing roots that are spread just below th…
Taproots
Thick, vertical root with many lateral roots that come out fr…
9 terms
Biology Form 1 Plant Reproduction
Sepal
Stamen
Ovary
Cross Pollination
The part of the flower that protects the bud.
The male part of the flower.
Contains the female gamete.
When pollen is carried from an anther of one flower to the st…
Sepal
The part of the flower that protects the bud.
Stamen
The male part of the flower.
18 terms
Biology, CH 36: Plant Forms
Node
Internode
Blade
Petiole
Point of attachment of leaf to stem
Area of stem between two nodes
Flattened part of leaf
Stalk of leaf
Node
Point of attachment of leaf to stem
Internode
Area of stem between two nodes
54 terms
Biology 1215 Unit 6: Plant Form and Function
Strangler Fig
Epidermis (Leaves)
Palisade Mesophyll (Leaves)
Spongy Mesophyll (Leaves)
An aerial root that grows above ground. It starves the tree (…
Secretes a waxy substance called the cuticle that functions t…
Composed of "column shaped" cells and is found in the middle…
Composed of spherical cells and form the bottom of the leaf i…
Strangler Fig
An aerial root that grows above ground. It starves the tree (…
Epidermis (Leaves)
Secretes a waxy substance called the cuticle that functions t…
15 terms
Biology II Plant Anatomy/Form and Function - Roots
Cortex (Root)
Endodermis
Epidermis
Pericycle
Cellular region between epidermis and endodermis
Single-layer ring of cells in center of root
Single-layer ring of cells on the outer surface of the root
Single-layer ring of cells immediately inside of the endodermis
Cortex (Root)
Cellular region between epidermis and endodermis
Endodermis
Single-layer ring of cells in center of root
102 terms
Biology Form and Function Plants Unit
2 states plants can be in?
Form and function of roots?
What does the shoot contain?
Terminal Bud?... Axillary Bud?
Vegetative: stems, leaves, no flowers... Reproductive: flowers,…
Anchorage, water & mineral absorption, storage... Tap & Fibrous
Stem, leaves, buds
At tip of stem... At branch of stem and leaves
2 states plants can be in?
Vegetative: stems, leaves, no flowers... Reproductive: flowers,…
Form and function of roots?
Anchorage, water & mineral absorption, storage... Tap & Fibrous
91 terms
Biology II Exam 1 - Plant Form and Function
Morphology
Leaves, Stems, Roots
leaves and stems
roots
the branch of biology that deals with the structure of animal…
What are the three basic plant organs?
What comprises the shoot system?
What comprises the root system?
Morphology
the branch of biology that deals with the structure of animal…
Leaves, Stems, Roots
What are the three basic plant organs?
44 terms
Plant Form
Meristems
Apical Meristems
Lateral Meristems
Primary Tissues
made up of cells with dense cytoplasm and large nuclei. These…
In dicots elongation of roots and shoots takes place by divis…
In woody dicots and gymnosperms, ____ increase girth (produce…
(Soft tissues) Tissues that result from primary growth are ca…
Meristems
made up of cells with dense cytoplasm and large nuclei. These…
Apical Meristems
In dicots elongation of roots and shoots takes place by divis…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 36 Terms - Plant Form and Function
3 types of tissue
1. Dermal Tissue
Guard cells
Trichomes
Dermal - outer protective... Ground - storage, photosynthesis... Va…
Covered with cutin ... Guard cells... Trichomes... Root cells
Stoma ... Gas exchange ... Water retention
Keep leaf cool
3 types of tissue
Dermal - outer protective... Ground - storage, photosynthesis... Va…
1. Dermal Tissue
Covered with cutin ... Guard cells... Trichomes... Root cells
48 terms
Biology Chapter 36: Plant Form and Function
Indeterminate growth
Root system
Shoot system
How are root systems and shoot systems…
When plant's roots and shoots grow outward, extending itself…
Below the ground - it anchors plants, takes in water and nutr…
Above the ground - it harvests light and carbon dioxide from…
By vascular tissue where it transports water, sugars and nutr…
Indeterminate growth
When plant's roots and shoots grow outward, extending itself…
Root system
Below the ground - it anchors plants, takes in water and nutr…
104 terms
Biology Exam #3 Plant Form and Function
root system (below ground)
shoot system (above ground)
xylem moves water how
phloem moves water how
anchors plant and absorbs water and ions
consists of supporting stems, photosynthetic leaves, and repr…
just up
up and down
root system (below ground)
anchors plant and absorbs water and ions
shoot system (above ground)
consists of supporting stems, photosynthetic leaves, and repr…
41 terms
Plant Evolution + Form and Function Vocabulary for BIOLOGY 122
Artificial selection
Bioprospecting
Ethnobothanists
For the environment, plants produce:
Humans have actively selected seeds to plant the next generat…
The effort to find naturally occurring compounds that can be…
Study how humans use plants and research new uses for plants
- Oxygen via photosynthesis... - Build soil by providing food fo…
Artificial selection
Humans have actively selected seeds to plant the next generat…
Bioprospecting
The effort to find naturally occurring compounds that can be…
54 terms
AP Biology Topic 8: Plant Form and Function
root system
root hairs
mycorrhizae
shoot system
located beneath the ground in plants; a multicellular organ t…
extensions of root epidermal cells; increase the surface area…
the fungi at the tips of plant roots with which plants may ha…
in plants, located above the ground; works as a multicellular…
root system
located beneath the ground in plants; a multicellular organ t…
root hairs
extensions of root epidermal cells; increase the surface area…
123 terms
Biology II - Ch. 30 Plant Form and Physiology
3 plant cell structures not in animal…
2 distinct organ systems found in plants
meristem
3 types of meristem and location
cell walls, plastids, large central vacuole
shoot system... root system
plant regions of continuous cell division and growth
apical meristem - tip of stem/root (length)... lateral meristem…
3 plant cell structures not in animal…
cell walls, plastids, large central vacuole
2 distinct organ systems found in plants
shoot system... root system
38 terms
Biology Chapter 32 Plant Form & Function
Shoot system
Root system
Internodes
Nodes
Above the ground = stems & leaves
Below the ground
stem segments that exist between nodes
Points where leaves are attached
Shoot system
Above the ground = stems & leaves
Root system
Below the ground
16 terms
Biology Lecture 12- Plant Form and Function
Root System
Shoot System
Indeterminate Growth
Apical Meristems
anchors the plant and absorbs water and ions
consists of supporting stems, photosynthetic leaves, and repr…
growth that continues throughout the lifetime of the plant
upward growth in stem and downward growth in roots
Root System
anchors the plant and absorbs water and ions
Shoot System
consists of supporting stems, photosynthetic leaves, and repr…
93 terms
Biology Chapter 37: Plant Form and Function
Indeterminate growth
Root system
Shoot system
Taproot
An individual continues to increase its overall body size thr…
Belowground part of a plant.
Aboveground part of a plant comprising stems, leaves, and flo…
Large, vertical main root of a plant's root system.
Indeterminate growth
An individual continues to increase its overall body size thr…
Root system
Belowground part of a plant.
58 terms
Biology 1106 ch 36 PP - Plant Form
eukarya
Protista
Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
mitochondrion
domain containing organisms, such as plants and animals, with…
Eukaryotic Kingdom: unicellular with a few multi-cellular org…
Eukaryotic Kingdoms: mostly multicellular organisms
organelle called the powerhouse of the cell
eukarya
domain containing organisms, such as plants and animals, with…
Protista
Eukaryotic Kingdom: unicellular with a few multi-cellular org…
55 terms
Biology II Plant/Animal Form and Function
role of roots
role of shoots
three-tissue system
dermal tissue
anchorage, absorb water and minerals, provide storage
produce photosynthates (sugars/carbs), elevate reproductive s…
dermal, ground, vascular
outer, protective covering, epidermis cuticle
role of roots
anchorage, absorb water and minerals, provide storage
role of shoots
produce photosynthates (sugars/carbs), elevate reproductive s…
44 terms
biology Ch. 21 Plant form and function
Shoot
terminal bud
stem
leaves
the aboveground part of the plant
contains undevelopd tissue at the shoot tip
supports the leaves
produce carbohydrates such as sucrose by photosynthesis
Shoot
the aboveground part of the plant
terminal bud
contains undevelopd tissue at the shoot tip
30 terms
Biology Ch. 36&37 Plant Form/Transport
Root system
Shoot system
3 basic kinds of tissue
Dermal tissue
-Anchors plant... -Penetrates soil
-Stems and leaves
-Dermal tissue... -Ground tissue... -Vascular tissue
-Epidermis: outer protective covering
Root system
-Anchors plant... -Penetrates soil
Shoot system
-Stems and leaves
49 terms
AP BIOLOGY UNIT 6: PLANT FORM AND FUNCTION
root
root system
shoot system
lateral roots
...
...
...
...
root
...
root system
...
Plant Form
Plant structures can be divided into t…
The Root System
The Shoot System
Vegetative Organs
The root system, and he shoot system.
The main organ is the root. It functions in anchoring the pla…
Composed of two organs; stems, and leaves. The stems are orga…
Roots, stems, and leaves.
Plant structures can be divided into t…
The root system, and he shoot system.
The Root System
The main organ is the root. It functions in anchoring the pla…
91 terms
Biology II Exam 1 - Plant Form and Function
Morphology
Leaves, Stems, Roots
leaves and stems
roots
the branch of biology that deals with the structure of animal…
What are the three basic plant organs?
What comprises the shoot system?
What comprises the root system?
Morphology
the branch of biology that deals with the structure of animal…
Leaves, Stems, Roots
What are the three basic plant organs?
61 terms
Biology 114 Lab: Plant Form and Function
Apical Meristems
...
Archengonia of the Gametophyte
Attached to the Gametophyte Until it i…
Found at the apices, or tips of the plant, both the tip of th…
Study page 178
Where does an embryo develop in nonvascular plants?
Where does an embryo develop in seedless vascular plants?
Apical Meristems
Found at the apices, or tips of the plant, both the tip of th…
...
Study page 178
93 terms
Raven Biology 10th Edition Chapter 36: Plant Form
apex
root system
shoot system
stem
where roots and shoots grow from.
anchors the plant and penetrates the soil to get water and io…
consists of the aboveground plant such as the stem and their…
serve as a scaffold for positioning the leaves
apex
where roots and shoots grow from.
root system
anchors the plant and penetrates the soil to get water and io…
116 terms
Biology 203 Exam 2: Evolution of Plant Diversity, Plant Form & Function
Primary Endosymbiosis
Glaucophytes
Red Algae
Pycoerythrin
Evolution of the Chloroplasts. This is the shared derived tra…
*Unicellular and unusual chloroplasts*... -May resemble some o…
It is not always red. The pigment depends on how deep it grow…
The red accessory photosynthetic pigment in red algae. Most u…
Primary Endosymbiosis
Evolution of the Chloroplasts. This is the shared derived tra…
Glaucophytes
*Unicellular and unusual chloroplasts*... -May resemble some o…
Chapter 36 Plant Form
Vegatative parts
Leaves
blade
petiole
leaves, stems, flowers
designed for photosynthesis, broad and flat means large surfa…
veined leaf
stalk that attatches the leaf to the stalk
Vegatative parts
leaves, stems, flowers
Leaves
designed for photosynthesis, broad and flat means large surfa…
33 terms
Grade 11 Biology Exam: plants form and function
Dicot
Monocot
Meristem
Primary growth
An angiosperm with two seed leaves
An angiosperm with one seed leaf
A region of the plant where some cells retain the ability to…
Plant growth originating at the apical and lateral meristems…
Dicot
An angiosperm with two seed leaves
Monocot
An angiosperm with one seed leaf
23 terms
Biology 2 Exam 3 Chapter 27:Plant form and function
primary growth
root system
shoot system
plant body organization
lengthens the roots and shoots
-underground... - taproot(main vein) and lateral roots (come fro…
-above ground... -stem (main structure), Nodes (hold branches),…
primary growth
lengthens the roots and shoots
root system
-underground... - taproot(main vein) and lateral roots (come fro…
35 terms
Biology Unit 13: Plants -- Uses, Form and Function
Photosynthesis
Cellulose
Agriculture
Food security
A series of chemical reactions that convert energy from sunli…
A large carbohydrate molecule
Farming or forestry practices that produces foods and goods
The state where all people, at all times have access to enoug…
Photosynthesis
A series of chemical reactions that convert energy from sunli…
Cellulose
A large carbohydrate molecule
Biology Chapter 35: An Introduction to Flowering Plant Form and Function
What are Angiosperms?
What are seeds?
What is the gametophyte stage?
What is the Sporophyte stage?
Flowering plants
Reproductive structures produced by flowering plants
Gamete producing stage
Spore-producing stage
What are Angiosperms?
Flowering plants
What are seeds?
Reproductive structures produced by flowering plants
41 terms
Plant Form
characteristics of all plants
monocot v. diacot
land plants evolved from green algae
1st plant? (date)
eukaryotic, multicellular, autrotrophic (photosynthesize), pr…
monocot: 1 cotyledon, veins parallel, vascular bundles comple…
green algae (charophytes) are the closest relative of land pl…
475 million years ago
characteristics of all plants
eukaryotic, multicellular, autrotrophic (photosynthesize), pr…
monocot v. diacot
monocot: 1 cotyledon, veins parallel, vascular bundles comple…
32 terms
Plant Form & Function
What are the three zones of growth in…
What are the three layers of a root?
Stem growth
Distinguishing monocots
1. Meristem and root cap... 2. Zone of elongation... 3. Zone of mat…
Outer layer--epidermis.... Middle layer--cortex... Inner layer-- ro…
Vascular Bundles--composed of xylem and phloem.... Cortex--outer…
Have one seed leaf. They have usually three or a multiple of…
What are the three zones of growth in…
1. Meristem and root cap... 2. Zone of elongation... 3. Zone of mat…
What are the three layers of a root?
Outer layer--epidermis.... Middle layer--cortex... Inner layer-- ro…
38 terms
Biology Exam 2 - Plant Form and Function (Freeman Ch. 37)
Plasmodesmata
Parenchyma Cells
Totipotent
Collenchyma Cells
Plant cells are connected by these gaps in the cell wall and…
The "workhorse" cells. These are living cells with thin walls…
The ability of a single cell to divide and produce all of the…
Cells that FUNCTION PRIMARILY IN SHOOT SUPPORT. Living cells…
Plasmodesmata
Plant cells are connected by these gaps in the cell wall and…
Parenchyma Cells
The "workhorse" cells. These are living cells with thin walls…
41 terms
Biology Exam 2 - Plant Form and Function (Freeman Ch. 37)
Plasmodesmata
Parenchyma Cells
Totipotent
Collenchyma Cells
Plant cells are connected by these gaps in the cell wall and…
The "workhorse" cells. These are living cells with thin walls…
The ability of a single cell to divide and produce all of the…
Cells that FUNCTION PRIMARILY IN SHOOT SUPPORT. Living cells…
Plasmodesmata
Plant cells are connected by these gaps in the cell wall and…
Parenchyma Cells
The "workhorse" cells. These are living cells with thin walls…
63 terms
Plant Form and Function
Angiosperms
Root System
Shoot System
Surface Area/Volume Relationship
-Flowering plants... -Most abundant, species rich and geographic…
-The belowground part of a plant... -Anchors the plant and takes…
-The aboveground part of a plant comprising stems, leaves, an…
-A plant body is more efficient as an absorption-and-synthesi…
Angiosperms
-Flowering plants... -Most abundant, species rich and geographic…
Root System
-The belowground part of a plant... -Anchors the plant and takes…
154 terms
Plant Biology
Seed germination and development
1. Eudicot (garden bean)
Radicle
Hypocotyl
1. Eudicot (garden bean) ... 2. Monocot (corn)
Seed germination and development
1. Eudicot (garden bean) ... 2. Monocot (corn)
1. Eudicot (garden bean)
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