Study sets matching "biology plant"

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Study sets matching "biology plant"

PLANT BIOLOGY
sporopollenin
alternation of generations
gametophyte
sporophyte
a layer of durable polymer in charophytes that prevents expos…
a life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid f…
the multicellular haploid in alternation of generations; name…
the multicellular diploid in alternation of generations; name…
sporopollenin
a layer of durable polymer in charophytes that prevents expos…
alternation of generations
a life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid f…
154 terms
Plant Biology
Seed germination and development
1. Eudicot (garden bean)
Radicle
Hypocotyl
1. Eudicot (garden bean) ... 2. Monocot (corn)
Seed germination and development
1. Eudicot (garden bean) ... 2. Monocot (corn)
1. Eudicot (garden bean)
47 terms
Plant biology
Transpiration is the inevitable conseq…
Guard cells
Porous pots/ Filter Paper/Capillary Tu…
Cohesive property of water and the str…
o Leaves are primary organ of photosynthesis... o Exchange betwe…
o Guard cells are found in pairs, one on each side of the sto…
Water fills pores within the pot demonstrating adhesion with…
• Cohesive property of water and the structure of the xylem a…
Transpiration is the inevitable conseq…
o Leaves are primary organ of photosynthesis... o Exchange betwe…
Guard cells
o Guard cells are found in pairs, one on each side of the sto…
Plant Biology
Xylem
Phloem
Xylem Transport- Water uptake in roots
Xylem Transport- Transpiration pull
- Transports water and dissolves minerals upwards from the ro…
- Transports and dissolves minerals and organic molecules bot…
Due to the large surface are caused by the branching of roots…
Through transpiration part of the water evaporates from the s…
Xylem
- Transports water and dissolves minerals upwards from the ro…
Phloem
- Transports and dissolves minerals and organic molecules bot…
132 terms
Plant Biology Exam 1
Protoplasm
Protoplast
cytoplasm
cytosol
All living components of a cell
protoplasm of a plant whose cell has been removed
Everything between membrane and nucleus
Fluid in which organelles are dispersed
Protoplasm
All living components of a cell
Protoplast
protoplasm of a plant whose cell has been removed
37 terms
Plant Biology
Petiole
Sessile
Alternate
Opposite
piece between the leaf and the stem
when the petiole is absent
Petiole
piece between the leaf and the stem
Sessile
when the petiole is absent
119 terms
AP Biology | Plant Biology
Parenchyma
Collenchyma
Sclerenchyma
Dermal Tissue
"Typical" plant cells
Flexible support cells
Strong support cells
Outer protection tissue
Parenchyma
"Typical" plant cells
Collenchyma
Flexible support cells
14 terms
IB Biology: Plant Biology
Colored flowers
Long-day plants
Xylem transport
Phloem transport
Red is attractive to birds, yellow and orange are attractive…
Flower when days are long and nights are short (midsummer) i.…
Brings water to the leaves; two cells types are tracheids and…
Carries the products of photosynthesis to the rest of the plant
Colored flowers
Red is attractive to birds, yellow and orange are attractive…
Long-day plants
Flower when days are long and nights are short (midsummer) i.…
Plant Biology
autotroph
heterotroph
mitosis
meiosis
produces own organic matter through photosynthesis or other m…
relies on other organisms to produce organic matter
produces two identical daughter cells
produces four daughter cells, each with half the amount of ge…
autotroph
produces own organic matter through photosynthesis or other m…
heterotroph
relies on other organisms to produce organic matter
169 terms
Plant Biology
Eukaryotes
Protists
Prokaryotes
Extremophiles
possess membrane-bound nucleus & organelles... i.e. protists, an…
Unicellular groups of eukaryotes
Lack a nucleus & organelles
Archea... "lovers of extreme conditions" ... i.e. thermophiles(hot)…
Eukaryotes
possess membrane-bound nucleus & organelles... i.e. protists, an…
Protists
Unicellular groups of eukaryotes
239 terms
Plant Biology
Kingdom Plantae: 6 major characteristics
Color of Chlorophyll a
Color of Chlorophyll b
Color of carotenes
1) Autotrophic eukaryotes ... 2) Have some form of chloroplasts…
light green
blue green
orange
Kingdom Plantae: 6 major characteristics
1) Autotrophic eukaryotes ... 2) Have some form of chloroplasts…
Color of Chlorophyll a
light green
182 terms
Plant Biology
Diffusion
Permeation
Facilitated diffusion
Osmosis
The random movement of molecules from an area of higher conce…
The property of membranes that allows the passage of some ion…
Solute movement across a membrane from a region of high conce…
Diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane
Diffusion
The random movement of molecules from an area of higher conce…
Permeation
The property of membranes that allows the passage of some ion…
36 terms
Plant Biology
Transpiration
Cohesion
Adhesion
Lignin
The loss of water vapour from the aerial part of the plant(th…
Forces of attractions enabling water molecules to join in a l…
A force which attracts water molecules up to a surface by bon…
A chemical found in the cellulose of some plant, the chemical…
Transpiration
The loss of water vapour from the aerial part of the plant(th…
Cohesion
Forces of attractions enabling water molecules to join in a l…
88 terms
Plant Biology
Cuticle
Epidermis
Xylem
Phloem
layer protects plants against water loss and insect invasion
Protects plant
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mi…
Living vascular tissue that carries sugar and organic substan…
Cuticle
layer protects plants against water loss and insect invasion
Epidermis
Protects plant
Plant Biology
Transpiration
Measuring Transpiration Rates
Investigating factors affecting transp…
Xylem
Transpiration is the loss of water vapour from the stems and…
Rate of water uptake is usually measured using a potometer.…
1. Temperature - as temp increases the rate of transpiration…
easily identified by the presence of large open xylem vessels
Transpiration
Transpiration is the loss of water vapour from the stems and…
Measuring Transpiration Rates
Rate of water uptake is usually measured using a potometer.…
plant biology
transpiration
stotama
The structure of xylem vessels
cohesion
- it is the consequence of gas exchange in a leaf... - it is whe…
- pors that help carbon dioxide be absorbed... - it minimizes wa…
they are longitudinal tubes and their walls are thickened and…
when water molecules stick together
transpiration
- it is the consequence of gas exchange in a leaf... - it is whe…
stotama
- pors that help carbon dioxide be absorbed... - it minimizes wa…
239 terms
Plant Biology
Kingdom Plantae: 6 major characteristics
Color of Chlorophyll a
Color of Chlorophyll b
Color of carotenes
1) Autotrophic eukaryotes ... 2) Have some form of chloroplasts…
light green
blue green
orange
Kingdom Plantae: 6 major characteristics
1) Autotrophic eukaryotes ... 2) Have some form of chloroplasts…
Color of Chlorophyll a
light green
36 terms
Biology plants
What is the Stamen?
Anther
Filament
What is the pistil?
its the male part of the flower, its made up of the filament…
anther is the part of the stamen that contains and produces p…
its the thin hair like stalk that sits on top of the anther
the female part of the plant,its made up of the stigma, style…
What is the Stamen?
its the male part of the flower, its made up of the filament…
Anther
anther is the part of the stamen that contains and produces p…
91 terms
Plant Biology
apical dominance
apoplast
axillary bud
cell wall (primary, secondary)
tendency for growth to be concentrated at the tip of the plan…
everything external to the plasma membrane of a plant cell, i…
a structure that has the potential to form a lateral shoot or…
a protective layer external to the plasma membrane in the cel…
apical dominance
tendency for growth to be concentrated at the tip of the plan…
apoplast
everything external to the plasma membrane of a plant cell, i…
Biology Plants
Cuticle
Stomata
Guard Cells
4 Main Groups of Plants
wavy substance that covers the above ground part of a plant;…
enable gas exchange; openings in the outer cell layer of leav…
border the stomata and control size by expanding and contract…
1) Bryophyte (non vascular)... 2) Pterophyte (vascular, but prim…
Cuticle
wavy substance that covers the above ground part of a plant;…
Stomata
enable gas exchange; openings in the outer cell layer of leav…
36 terms
Plant Biology..
Apical meristem
Lateral meristem
Vascular tissue
Xylem
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
Growth region of a plant that provides secondary growth, incr…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mi…
Apical meristem
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
Lateral meristem
Growth region of a plant that provides secondary growth, incr…
Plant Biology
Kingdom Plantae
3 Types of Pigments and their Color
Alteration of Generations
What is Descent with Modification?
Autotrophic Eukaryotes
Chlorophyll a & b: Green... Carotenes: Orange... Xanthophylls: Red…
Innovations from each division (12 total) are passed on
Kingdom Plantae
Autotrophic Eukaryotes
3 Types of Pigments and their Color
Chlorophyll a & b: Green... Carotenes: Orange... Xanthophylls: Red…
Plant Biology: Plant Genetics
Alleles
Genotype
Phenotype
Mutation and Causes
Multiple forms of genes... -arise by mutations (occur in any gen…
set of alleles that a single individual has
expression of those alleles
-Any change in the DNA... -Causes:... -replication mistake... -mutagen…
Alleles
Multiple forms of genes... -arise by mutations (occur in any gen…
Genotype
set of alleles that a single individual has
41 terms
Plant Biology
root hairs and lateral roots
root hairs
mineral ion movement
a cover over roots to increase SA and…
both increase SA of root system
tiny extensions of epidermal cells, have a higher solute conc…
inside root has higher solute and lower water concentration t…
What do fungal hyphae form?
root hairs and lateral roots
both increase SA of root system
root hairs
tiny extensions of epidermal cells, have a higher solute conc…
18 terms
Plant Biology terms
transpiration
guard cell
stomata
xylem
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
Pairs of cells that surround stomata and control their openin…
A microscopic pore surrounded by guard cells in the epidermis…
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mi…
transpiration
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
guard cell
Pairs of cells that surround stomata and control their openin…
88 terms
Plant Biology
plants
autotrophs
byrophytes
byrophytes
all multicelled, eukaryotic, photosynthetic autotrophs
make their own food
primitive plants without vascular structures
live in moist environment; no roots, xylem, phloem, must use…
plants
all multicelled, eukaryotic, photosynthetic autotrophs
autotrophs
make their own food
60 terms
Plant Biology
Apical meristem
Lateral meristem
Vascular tissue
Spongy mesophyll
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
Growth region of a plant that provides secondary growth, incr…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
Loose tissue beneath the palisade layer of a leaf; has many a…
Apical meristem
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
Lateral meristem
Growth region of a plant that provides secondary growth, incr…
IGCSE Biology - Plant reproduction
Stamen
Anther
Filament
Carpel
the male reproductive organ of a plant
produces, stores and releases pollen
supports the anther and holds it in position
the female reproductive organ of a plant
Stamen
the male reproductive organ of a plant
Anther
produces, stores and releases pollen
36 terms
Plant Biology
Plasmodesmata
What are phloems made out of??
What is the difference between vascula…
The Root System
Narrow cytoplasmic connections. This is how sieve cells are c…
Perforated walls or SIEVE PLATES. These allow sap to pass thr…
Vascular plants are conductive, and transport H20 and nutrien…
-Anchorage (prevents soil erosion)... -Absorption (water, ions)…
Plasmodesmata
Narrow cytoplasmic connections. This is how sieve cells are c…
What are phloems made out of??
Perforated walls or SIEVE PLATES. These allow sap to pass thr…
107 terms
Biology Plant Unit
In cultivating wheat, early farmers se…
Legumes are valuable crops because the…
Black pepper is the ground up seed of…
These plants are used for medicinal va…
which stalks did not break easily in the wind
they improve nitrogen content in soil
a spice
cinchora tree, coconut, foxglove
In cultivating wheat, early farmers se…
which stalks did not break easily in the wind
Legumes are valuable crops because the…
they improve nitrogen content in soil
Plant Biology: Plant Growth
Apical Dominance
Cytokinin
Auxin/ Ethylene Interaction
What happens to damaged leaf?
-each shoot tip gets 1 active apical meristem... -apically produ…
essential for bud growth
-Auxin synthesized in healthy leaf, and inhibits the abscissi…
Auxin levels drops to low level that abscission zone does not…
Apical Dominance
-each shoot tip gets 1 active apical meristem... -apically produ…
Cytokinin
essential for bud growth
plant biology
autotrophs
Photoautotrophs
In most green plants, chloroplasts are
CO2 enters and O2 escapes from a leaf…
What is the name given to organisms that can make their own f…
Produce organic molecules from inorganic molecules.
concentrated in a zone of leaf tissue called the mesophyll
stomata
autotrophs
What is the name given to organisms that can make their own f…
Photoautotrophs
Produce organic molecules from inorganic molecules.
39 terms
Plant Biology
Xylem
Xylem Structure
Xylem Function & Tension is caused by?
Roots
Xylem is a tissue in plants that provides support and transpo…
Lumen (space inside the tube) - filled with sap (water to min…
Moving water from the roots to the leaves to replace water lo…
Roots anchor plants in the ground and absorb minerals (by act…
Xylem
Xylem is a tissue in plants that provides support and transpo…
Xylem Structure
Lumen (space inside the tube) - filled with sap (water to min…
75 terms
Plant Biology
Photosynthesis
Plastid
Chloroplast
Thylakoid
Using light energy to synthesize sugar. Equivalent to eating…
A membrane-bound organelle specific to plants and present in…
A plastid differentiated to carry out photosynthesis.
The membrane inside a plastid where electron transport takes…
Photosynthesis
Using light energy to synthesize sugar. Equivalent to eating…
Plastid
A membrane-bound organelle specific to plants and present in…
PLANT BIOLOGY
4 basic needs of plants
what did the 1st plants evolve from?
4 main groups of plants?
why are mosses small?
water, sunlight, soil, nutrients
green algae
bryophytes, ferns, angiosperms, gymnosperms
they're non-vascular
4 basic needs of plants
water, sunlight, soil, nutrients
what did the 1st plants evolve from?
green algae
94 terms
Plant Biology Chapter 1
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Eukaryote
Four Groups of Eukaryotes
An organism that cannot manufacture organic compounds and so…
An organism that is able to synthesize the nutritive substanc…
A cell that has a membrane bounded nucleus and membrane bound…
Plants, Animals, Fungi, Protists
Heterotroph
An organism that cannot manufacture organic compounds and so…
Autotroph
An organism that is able to synthesize the nutritive substanc…
105 terms
Plant Biology
Chlorophyta
Bryophyta
Tracheophyta
Prothallus
Green Algae
Mosses, Liverworts, and Hornworts
Vascular Plants
Green; photosynthetic; one cell thick; heart shaped; produces…
Chlorophyta
Green Algae
Bryophyta
Mosses, Liverworts, and Hornworts
Plant Tissues- Plant Biology
Meristematic
Epidermal
Parenchyma
Sclerenchyma
Keeps the plant growing- found in zones of the plant where gr…
A single layer of cells that covers parts of the plant- found…
Alive at maturity- thin cell walls- consists of loosely packe…
Dead at maturity- VERY thick cell walls- found in the seconda…
Meristematic
Keeps the plant growing- found in zones of the plant where gr…
Epidermal
A single layer of cells that covers parts of the plant- found…
117 terms
Plant Biology
Fungi
Hyphae
Autotrophs
Bacteria
Closer to animals than plants.... Diverged from animals a billio…
The branching, threadlike tubes that make up the bodies of mu…
Get energy from inorganic carbon via carbon fixation. Include…
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls contai…
Fungi
Closer to animals than plants.... Diverged from animals a billio…
Hyphae
The branching, threadlike tubes that make up the bodies of mu…
Plant Biology: Land Plants
Chlorophyta
Streptophyta
Charophytes
Green Algae---> Land Plants
...
Recognize the entire lineage as a clade... -land plants recogniz…
NOT a clade, evolutionary grade... -does not include descendant…
Common: chloro a, b, carotenoids... -starch inside chloroplasts…
Chlorophyta
...
Streptophyta
Recognize the entire lineage as a clade... -land plants recogniz…
23 terms
Plant Biology
Transpiration
guard cell
stomata
potometer
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
Pairs of cells that surround stomata and control their openin…
A microscopic pore surrounded by guard cells in the epidermis…
Apparatus used to measure water uptake in a leafy shoot and s…
Transpiration
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
guard cell
Pairs of cells that surround stomata and control their openin…
20 terms
Plant biology
upper epidermis
glucose
cellular respiration
palisade layer
single layer of protective cells on the upper side of leaf
a type of sugar made in leaves
process by which plants store food and use energy to live and…
layer inside leaf that contains chloroplasts where most photo…
upper epidermis
single layer of protective cells on the upper side of leaf
glucose
a type of sugar made in leaves
61 terms
Plant Biology
transpiration
stomata
guard cells
What allows the transport of water und…
the inevitable consequence of gas exchange in the leaf (loss…
pores through the epidermis that allow absorption of carbon d…
minimize water losses through stomata using guard cells
The cohesive property of water and the structure of xylem ves…
transpiration
the inevitable consequence of gas exchange in the leaf (loss…
stomata
pores through the epidermis that allow absorption of carbon d…
plant diversity - plant biology
general plant characteristics
what groups are non vascular plants? h…
what group is the vascular seedless pl…
what groups are under vascular seed pl…
eukaryotic, multicellular, autotrophs, cell wall (made of cel…
no true roots, stems, or leaves - include bryophytes (mosses…
spore bearing ferns
gymnosperms (cone bearing), and angiosperms (flowering plants)
general plant characteristics
eukaryotic, multicellular, autotrophs, cell wall (made of cel…
what groups are non vascular plants? h…
no true roots, stems, or leaves - include bryophytes (mosses…
11 terms
Plant Biology-Seedless Plants
Divisions of seedless vascular plants
Division Psilophyta
Division Lycophyta
Epiphytes
• Psilophyta... • Lycophyta... • Sphenophyta... • Pterophyta
• True roots & leaves are absent... • Subterranean rhizomes are…
• Grows on floor of forest... • Includes club mosses & ground pi…
plants that use another organism as a substratum but not para…
Divisions of seedless vascular plants
• Psilophyta... • Lycophyta... • Sphenophyta... • Pterophyta
Division Psilophyta
• True roots & leaves are absent... • Subterranean rhizomes are…
Biology Plants
palmate vennation
pinnate vennation
parallel vennation
alternate arrangement
palmate vennation
pinnate vennation
169 terms
Plant Biology
Eukaryotes
Protists
Prokaryotes
Extremophiles
possess membrane-bound nucleus & organelles... i.e. protists, an…
Unicellular groups of eukaryotes
Lack a nucleus & organelles
Archea... "lovers of extreme conditions" ... i.e. thermophiles(hot)…
Eukaryotes
possess membrane-bound nucleus & organelles... i.e. protists, an…
Protists
Unicellular groups of eukaryotes
8 terms
Plant Biology
Peptide Bond
Tropism
Negative Tropism
4 bio molecules
Protein bonds between amino acids.
Movement away or towards a certain stimulus
Movement away from a stimulus
Carbs, Proteins, Lipids, Nucleic Acids.
Peptide Bond
Protein bonds between amino acids.
Tropism
Movement away or towards a certain stimulus
PLANT BIOLOGY
sporopollenin
alternation of generations
gametophyte
sporophyte
a layer of durable polymer in charophytes that prevents expos…
a life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid f…
the multicellular haploid in alternation of generations; name…
the multicellular diploid in alternation of generations; name…
sporopollenin
a layer of durable polymer in charophytes that prevents expos…
alternation of generations
a life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid f…
Plant Biology
Transpiration
Structure of a leaf for transpiration…
Adaptations of plants in deserts ... (3)
Structure and Function of the Xylem... (4)
- Loss of water vapour from stems and leaves of plants ... - Co…
Mesophyll: Provides large surface area of moist surface for g…
Vertical stems: Absorbs sunlight during the morning but not m…
Long, tubular structures used for transporting water ... Replac…
Transpiration
- Loss of water vapour from stems and leaves of plants ... - Co…
Structure of a leaf for transpiration…
Mesophyll: Provides large surface area of moist surface for g…
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