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Study sets matching "biology plant"

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Study sets matching "biology plant"

154 terms
Plant Biology
Seed germination and development
1. Eudicot (garden bean)
Radicle
Hypocotyl
1. Eudicot (garden bean) ... 2. Monocot (corn)
Seed germination and development
1. Eudicot (garden bean) ... 2. Monocot (corn)
1. Eudicot (garden bean)
78 terms
PLANT BIOLOGY
sporopollenin
alternation of generations
gametophyte
sporophyte
a layer of durable polymer in charophytes that prevents expos…
a life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid f…
the multicellular haploid in alternation of generations; name…
the multicellular diploid in alternation of generations; name…
sporopollenin
a layer of durable polymer in charophytes that prevents expos…
alternation of generations
a life cycle in which there is both a multicellular diploid f…
37 terms
Plant Biology
Petiole
Sessile
Alternate
Opposite
piece between the leaf and the stem
when the petiole is absent
Petiole
piece between the leaf and the stem
Sessile
when the petiole is absent
Biology- Plant Structure- ROOTS
Root Function
Primary Root
Secondary Root
Common Root systems
-Absorption of water and minerals... -Anchorage... -Food Storage
First root structure that emerges from the seed.
Roots that grow from the primary root.
1. Tap roots ... 2. Fibrous roots... 3. adventitious roots
Root Function
-Absorption of water and minerals... -Anchorage... -Food Storage
Primary Root
First root structure that emerges from the seed.
22 terms
IGCSE Biology - Plant Reproduction
Anthers
Carpel
Cotyledon
Fertilisation
Site of pollen grain production. Part of the stamen.
The female reproductive organs of a plant - collective term f…
Food store for young plant after seed germination.
The fusion of the nuclei of the male and female gametes
Anthers
Site of pollen grain production. Part of the stamen.
Carpel
The female reproductive organs of a plant - collective term f…
Plant Biology
Xylem
Phloem
Xylem Transport- Water uptake in roots
Xylem Transport- Transpiration pull
- Transports water and dissolves minerals upwards from the ro…
- Transports and dissolves minerals and organic molecules bot…
Due to the large surface are caused by the branching of roots…
Through transpiration part of the water evaporates from the s…
Xylem
- Transports water and dissolves minerals upwards from the ro…
Phloem
- Transports and dissolves minerals and organic molecules bot…
47 terms
IGCSE Biology - Plant reproduction
Stamen
Anther
Filament
Carpel
the male reproductive organ of a plant
produces, stores and releases pollen
supports the anther and holds it in position
the female reproductive organ of a plant
Stamen
the male reproductive organ of a plant
Anther
produces, stores and releases pollen
47 terms
Plant biology
Transpiration is the inevitable conseq…
Guard cells
Porous pots/ Filter Paper/Capillary Tu…
Cohesive property of water and the str…
o Leaves are primary organ of photosynthesis... o Exchange betwe…
o Guard cells are found in pairs, one on each side of the sto…
Water fills pores within the pot demonstrating adhesion with…
• Cohesive property of water and the structure of the xylem a…
Transpiration is the inevitable conseq…
o Leaves are primary organ of photosynthesis... o Exchange betwe…
Guard cells
o Guard cells are found in pairs, one on each side of the sto…
39 terms
Plant Biology
Xylem
Xylem Structure
Xylem Function & Tension is caused by?
Roots
Xylem is a tissue in plants that provides support and transpo…
Lumen (space inside the tube) - filled with sap (water to min…
Moving water from the roots to the leaves to replace water lo…
Roots anchor plants in the ground and absorb minerals (by act…
Xylem
Xylem is a tissue in plants that provides support and transpo…
Xylem Structure
Lumen (space inside the tube) - filled with sap (water to min…
33 terms
Biology Plants
Cuticle
Stomata
Guard Cells
4 Main Groups of Plants
wavy substance that covers the above ground part of a plant;…
enable gas exchange; openings in the outer cell layer of leav…
border the stomata and control size by expanding and contract…
1) Bryophyte (non vascular)... 2) Pterophyte (vascular, but prim…
Cuticle
wavy substance that covers the above ground part of a plant;…
Stomata
enable gas exchange; openings in the outer cell layer of leav…
132 terms
Plant Biology Exam 1
Protoplasm
Protoplast
cytoplasm
cytosol
All living components of a cell
protoplasm of a plant whose cell has been removed
Everything between membrane and nucleus
Fluid in which organelles are dispersed
Protoplasm
All living components of a cell
Protoplast
protoplasm of a plant whose cell has been removed
105 terms
Plant Biology
autotroph
heterotroph
mitosis
meiosis
produces own organic matter through photosynthesis or other m…
relies on other organisms to produce organic matter
produces two identical daughter cells
produces four daughter cells, each with half the amount of ge…
autotroph
produces own organic matter through photosynthesis or other m…
heterotroph
relies on other organisms to produce organic matter
36 terms
Plant Biology
Transpiration
Cohesion
Adhesion
Lignin
The loss of water vapour from the aerial part of the plant(th…
Forces of attractions enabling water molecules to join in a l…
A force which attracts water molecules up to a surface by bon…
A chemical found in the cellulose of some plant, the chemical…
Transpiration
The loss of water vapour from the aerial part of the plant(th…
Cohesion
Forces of attractions enabling water molecules to join in a l…
45 terms
IGCSE Biology - Plant reproduction
Stamen
Anther
Filament
Carpel
the male reproductive organ of a plant
produces, stores and releases pollen
supports the anther and holds it in position
the female reproductive organ of a plant
Stamen
the male reproductive organ of a plant
Anther
produces, stores and releases pollen
6 terms
Biology: Plant Cell
cell wall
chloroplast
mitochondria
nucleus
cell wall
chloroplast
22 terms
plant biology
transpiration
stotama
The structure of xylem vessels
cohesion
- it is the consequence of gas exchange in a leaf... - it is whe…
- pors that help carbon dioxide be absorbed... - it minimizes wa…
they are longitudinal tubes and their walls are thickened and…
when water molecules stick together
transpiration
- it is the consequence of gas exchange in a leaf... - it is whe…
stotama
- pors that help carbon dioxide be absorbed... - it minimizes wa…
23 terms
Plant Biology
Transpiration
guard cell
stomata
potometer
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
Pairs of cells that surround stomata and control their openin…
A microscopic pore surrounded by guard cells in the epidermis…
Apparatus used to measure water uptake in a leafy shoot and s…
Transpiration
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
guard cell
Pairs of cells that surround stomata and control their openin…
42 terms
Plant Biology
Plants have 2 transport systems
Transpiration is the inevitable conseq…
Xylem transport
Guard cells
Xylem:... -Transports water and dissolved minerals from roots up…
-CO2 is needed for photosynthesis to take place in the leaves…
Xylem vessels:... -Dead and have no cytoplasm... -Have varying degr…
-Can absorb or lose water - this allows them to regulate tran…
Plants have 2 transport systems
Xylem:... -Transports water and dissolved minerals from roots up…
Transpiration is the inevitable conseq…
-CO2 is needed for photosynthesis to take place in the leaves…
239 terms
Plant Biology
Kingdom Plantae: 6 major characteristics
Color of Chlorophyll a
Color of Chlorophyll b
Color of carotenes
1) Autotrophic eukaryotes ... 2) Have some form of chloroplasts…
light green
blue green
orange
Kingdom Plantae: 6 major characteristics
1) Autotrophic eukaryotes ... 2) Have some form of chloroplasts…
Color of Chlorophyll a
light green
47 terms
IGCSE Biology - Plant reproduction
Stamen
Anther
Filament
Carpel
the male reproductive organ of a plant
produces, stores and releases pollen
supports the anther and holds it in position
the female reproductive organ of a plant
Stamen
the male reproductive organ of a plant
Anther
produces, stores and releases pollen
21 terms
Plant Biology - Topic 9
auxin
phototropism
location of auxins
auxin receptors
plant hormones that regulate plant cell growth. When light hi…
the tendency of a plant to grow towards the light
embryo seeds, meristems of apical buds, young leaves
cells that will be affected by auxins
auxin
plant hormones that regulate plant cell growth. When light hi…
phototropism
the tendency of a plant to grow towards the light
36 terms
Biology plants
What is the Stamen?
Anther
Filament
What is the pistil?
its the male part of the flower, its made up of the filament…
anther is the part of the stamen that contains and produces p…
its the thin hair like stalk that sits on top of the anther
the female part of the plant,its made up of the stigma, style…
What is the Stamen?
its the male part of the flower, its made up of the filament…
Anther
anther is the part of the stamen that contains and produces p…
182 terms
Plant Biology
Diffusion
Permeation
Facilitated diffusion
Osmosis
The random movement of molecules from an area of higher conce…
The property of membranes that allows the passage of some ion…
Solute movement across a membrane from a region of high conce…
Diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane
Diffusion
The random movement of molecules from an area of higher conce…
Permeation
The property of membranes that allows the passage of some ion…
42 terms
Plant Biology
Kingdom Plantae
3 Types of Pigments and their Color
Alteration of Generations
What is Descent with Modification?
Autotrophic Eukaryotes
Chlorophyll a & b: Green... Carotenes: Orange... Xanthophylls: Red…
Innovations from each division (12 total) are passed on
Kingdom Plantae
Autotrophic Eukaryotes
3 Types of Pigments and their Color
Chlorophyll a & b: Green... Carotenes: Orange... Xanthophylls: Red…
17 terms
Plant Biology
Transpiration
Measuring Transpiration Rates
Investigating factors affecting transp…
Xylem
Transpiration is the loss of water vapour from the stems and…
Rate of water uptake is usually measured using a potometer.…
1. Temperature - as temp increases the rate of transpiration…
easily identified by the presence of large open xylem vessels
Transpiration
Transpiration is the loss of water vapour from the stems and…
Measuring Transpiration Rates
Rate of water uptake is usually measured using a potometer.…
14 terms
IB Biology: Plant Biology
Colored flowers
Long-day plants
Xylem transport
Phloem transport
Red is attractive to birds, yellow and orange are attractive…
Flower when days are long and nights are short (midsummer) i.…
Brings water to the leaves; two cells types are tracheids and…
Carries the products of photosynthesis to the rest of the plant
Colored flowers
Red is attractive to birds, yellow and orange are attractive…
Long-day plants
Flower when days are long and nights are short (midsummer) i.…
56 terms
Plant Biology Vocabulary
Sepal
Stigma
Style
Ovary
A leaf-like structure that encloses the bud of a flower
Sticky portion at the top of the style, where pollen grains l…
The narrow elongated part between the ovary and the stigma
The organ that protects the ovules of a flower, and develops…
Sepal
A leaf-like structure that encloses the bud of a flower
Stigma
Sticky portion at the top of the style, where pollen grains l…
91 terms
Plant Biology
apical dominance
apoplast
axillary bud
cell wall (primary, secondary)
tendency for growth to be concentrated at the tip of the plan…
everything external to the plasma membrane of a plant cell, i…
a structure that has the potential to form a lateral shoot or…
a protective layer external to the plasma membrane in the cel…
apical dominance
tendency for growth to be concentrated at the tip of the plan…
apoplast
everything external to the plasma membrane of a plant cell, i…
60 terms
Plant Biology
Apical meristem
Lateral meristem
Vascular tissue
Spongy mesophyll
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
Growth region of a plant that provides secondary growth, incr…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
Loose tissue beneath the palisade layer of a leaf; has many a…
Apical meristem
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
Lateral meristem
Growth region of a plant that provides secondary growth, incr…
36 terms
Plant Biology..
Apical meristem
Lateral meristem
Vascular tissue
Xylem
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
Growth region of a plant that provides secondary growth, incr…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mi…
Apical meristem
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
Lateral meristem
Growth region of a plant that provides secondary growth, incr…
41 terms
Plant Biology
root hairs and lateral roots
root hairs
mineral ion movement
a cover over roots to increase SA and…
both increase SA of root system
tiny extensions of epidermal cells, have a higher solute conc…
inside root has higher solute and lower water concentration t…
What do fungal hyphae form?
root hairs and lateral roots
both increase SA of root system
root hairs
tiny extensions of epidermal cells, have a higher solute conc…
56 terms
Plant Biology
Mention the 2 plant transport systems
How is water transported in plants?
How are organic molecules transported…
List 3 properties of a xylem
Xylem ... Phloem
Via the xylem, transpiration, roots
Phloem
Dead... Has lignin ... End walls form a continuous tube
Mention the 2 plant transport systems
Xylem ... Phloem
How is water transported in plants?
Via the xylem, transpiration, roots
88 terms
Plant Biology
plants
autotrophs
byrophytes
byrophytes
all multicelled, eukaryotic, photosynthetic autotrophs
make their own food
primitive plants without vascular structures
live in moist environment; no roots, xylem, phloem, must use…
plants
all multicelled, eukaryotic, photosynthetic autotrophs
autotrophs
make their own food
36 terms
Plant Biology
Plasmodesmata
What are phloems made out of??
What is the difference between vascula…
The Root System
Narrow cytoplasmic connections. This is how sieve cells are c…
Perforated walls or SIEVE PLATES. These allow sap to pass thr…
Vascular plants are conductive, and transport H20 and nutrien…
-Anchorage (prevents soil erosion)... -Absorption (water, ions)…
Plasmodesmata
Narrow cytoplasmic connections. This is how sieve cells are c…
What are phloems made out of??
Perforated walls or SIEVE PLATES. These allow sap to pass thr…
22 terms
IGCSE Biology - Plant Reproduction
Anthers
Carpel
Cotyledon
Fertilisation
Site of pollen grain production. Part of the stamen.
The female reproductive organs of a plant - collective term f…
Food store for young plant after seed germination.
The fusion of the nuclei of the male and female gametes
Anthers
Site of pollen grain production. Part of the stamen.
Carpel
The female reproductive organs of a plant - collective term f…
22 terms
IGCSE Biology - Plant Reproduction
Anthers
Carpel
Cotyledon
Fertilisation
Site of pollen grain production. Part of the stamen.
The female reproductive organs of a plant - collective term f…
Food store for young plant after seed germination.
The fusion of the nuclei of the male and female gametes
Anthers
Site of pollen grain production. Part of the stamen.
Carpel
The female reproductive organs of a plant - collective term f…
18 terms
Plant Biology terms
transpiration
guard cell
stomata
xylem
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
Pairs of cells that surround stomata and control their openin…
A microscopic pore surrounded by guard cells in the epidermis…
Nonliving vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mi…
transpiration
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
guard cell
Pairs of cells that surround stomata and control their openin…
70 terms
Plant Biology
transpiration
transpiration equation
stomata
guard cells
the inevitable consequence of gas exchange in the leaf
CO2-> H2O + O2
small opening in the epidermis of leaves that allows for gas…
cells on either side of the stomata that help prevent water l…
transpiration
the inevitable consequence of gas exchange in the leaf
transpiration equation
CO2-> H2O + O2
Plant biology
Allopolyploids
Autopolyploids
polyploidy
Paleopolyploidy
hybridizations of two different closely related species
doubling of a set of chromosomes (within the same species)
when you duplicate an whole sets of chromosomes
Ancient genome duplication that is diploidized. Examples incl…
Allopolyploids
hybridizations of two different closely related species
Autopolyploids
doubling of a set of chromosomes (within the same species)
107 terms
Biology Plant Unit
In cultivating wheat, early farmers se…
Legumes are valuable crops because the…
Black pepper is the ground up seed of…
These plants are used for medicinal va…
which stalks did not break easily in the wind
they improve nitrogen content in soil
a spice
cinchora tree, coconut, foxglove
In cultivating wheat, early farmers se…
which stalks did not break easily in the wind
Legumes are valuable crops because the…
they improve nitrogen content in soil
20 terms
Plant biology
upper epidermis
glucose
cellular respiration
palisade layer
single layer of protective cells on the upper side of leaf
a type of sugar made in leaves
process by which plants store food and use energy to live and…
layer inside leaf that contains chloroplasts where most photo…
upper epidermis
single layer of protective cells on the upper side of leaf
glucose
a type of sugar made in leaves
29 terms
Plant Biology
Auxin
Giberellin
Cytokinins
Ethylene
Indole-3-Acetic Acid [IAA]... helps plant grow... has apical domina…
causes growth of stem... causes flowering... if sprayed on adult fo…
stimulates cell division... delays senescence (growing old)... affe…
produced by fruits and damaged fruits (autocatalytic)... Economi…
Auxin
Indole-3-Acetic Acid [IAA]... helps plant grow... has apical domina…
Giberellin
causes growth of stem... causes flowering... if sprayed on adult fo…
22 terms
Plant Biology
Prunus dulcis... Rosaceae... Seed
Cynara cardunculus... Asteraceae... Inflores…
Musa acuminata... Musaceae... Fruit
Bertholletia excelsa... Lecythidaceae... Seed
Prunus dulcis... Rosaceae... Seed
Cynara cardunculus... Asteraceae... Inflores…
17 terms
Plant Biology
epidermis
embryo sac
root cap
endosperm
Outer most layer of plant. Single layer of cells. Trichome lo…
Involved in gravity perception in plants. Calyptra
seed's "lunch box"
epidermis
Outer most layer of plant. Single layer of cells. Trichome lo…
embryo sac
24 terms
Plant Biology
Lateral Meristem
Apical Meristems
Dermal Tissue
Vascular Tissue
Vascular cambium and cork cambium (secondary growth)
Roots and Shoots (primary Growth)
single layer of tissue
Fluid movement
Lateral Meristem
Vascular cambium and cork cambium (secondary growth)
Apical Meristems
Roots and Shoots (primary Growth)
24 terms
Plant biology
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Membrane
Mitochondria
Contains DNA and controls the cell
Where the cell's reactions take place
Controls what enters and leaves the cell
Carries out respiration to provide energy for cell
Nucleus
Contains DNA and controls the cell
Cytoplasm
Where the cell's reactions take place
51 terms
Plant Biology
Meets for 9.1
Transpiration
Cohesion
Adhesion
Meets
Loss of water vapor from the leaves and stems of plants. The…
The cohesive property of water and the structure of the xylem…
The adhesive property of water and evaporation generate tensi…
Meets for 9.1
Meets
Transpiration
Loss of water vapor from the leaves and stems of plants. The…
119 terms
AP Biology | Plant Biology
Parenchyma
Collenchyma
Sclerenchyma
Dermal Tissue
"Typical" plant cells
Flexible support cells
Strong support cells
Outer protection tissue
Parenchyma
"Typical" plant cells
Collenchyma
Flexible support cells
18 terms
Plant Biology: Plant Genetics
Alleles
Genotype
Phenotype
Mutation and Causes
Multiple forms of genes... -arise by mutations (occur in any gen…
set of alleles that a single individual has
expression of those alleles
-Any change in the DNA... -Causes:... -replication mistake... -mutagen…
Alleles
Multiple forms of genes... -arise by mutations (occur in any gen…
Genotype
set of alleles that a single individual has
18 terms
Plant biology- flowering plants
flower structure
3 factors that success in plant reprod…
what is mutualism
what is pollination
pollination, fertilisation and seed dispersal
a close relationship between two organisms where both benefit…
transfer of pollen from an anther to the stigma
flower structure
3 factors that success in plant reprod…
pollination, fertilisation and seed dispersal
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