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Study sets matching "biology plants chapter 23"

32 terms
Biology chapter 23 (plants)
Plants are?
Nonvascular ?
Vascular ?
There are 2 types of vascular plants?
Multicellular eukaryotic organism that are generally photosyn…
These are called Bryophytes... -include : liverworts, horn warts…
these are called Tracheophytes
-seedless... -seeds
Plants are?
Multicellular eukaryotic organism that are generally photosyn…
Nonvascular ?
These are called Bryophytes... -include : liverworts, horn warts…
Biology, Chapter 23.1, Introduction to Plant Reproduction
vegetative reproduction
chemotaxis
protonema
prothallus
a form of asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from…
movement of cell or organism in response to a particular chem…
a small, threadlike structure that can develop into the gamet…
heart-shaped, tiny fern gametophyte
vegetative reproduction
a form of asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from…
chemotaxis
movement of cell or organism in response to a particular chem…
24 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocabulary Reproduction in Plants
vegetative reproduction
chemotaxis
protonema
prothallus
asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from parts of a…
movement of a cell or organism in response to a particular ch…
small, threadlike structure produced by mosses that can devel…
heart-shaped, tiny fern gametophyte
vegetative reproduction
asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from parts of a…
chemotaxis
movement of a cell or organism in response to a particular ch…
10 terms
Chapter 23 Biology Plants
Rhizoids
Rhizome
Frond
Cone
Thread like structures that anchor non vascular plants to the…
a horizontal plant stem with shoots above and roots below ser…
fern leaf; palm or banana lea
Clusters of non-green spore-bearing leaves
Rhizoids
Thread like structures that anchor non vascular plants to the…
Rhizome
a horizontal plant stem with shoots above and roots below ser…
39 terms
Chapter 23- Plants (Biology)
What are the three principal organs of…
What is true about a function that roo…
What does the transport system of stem…
the principal organs in which plants c…
a)roots... b)stem... c)leaves
a.They anchor plants in the ground... b.They absorb water and nu…
carry nutrients
Leaves
What are the three principal organs of…
a)roots... b)stem... c)leaves
What is true about a function that roo…
a.They anchor plants in the ground... b.They absorb water and nu…
27 terms
biology-chapter 23-plants
what are the 3 principal organs of see…
what are the 3 main tissues in plants?
a seed plant is held in the ground by…
in the root, the xylem and the phloem…
roots,stems, and leaves
dermal, vascular, and ground... (all 3 tissues are found in the…
its roots
vascular cylinder
what are the 3 principal organs of see…
roots,stems, and leaves
what are the 3 main tissues in plants?
dermal, vascular, and ground... (all 3 tissues are found in the…
77 terms
Chapter 23: Introduction to Plants
Cuticle
Stomata
Guard Cell
Vascular System
a waxy layer that covers the nonwoody aboveground parts of mo…
pores that permit plants to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide
a pair of specialized cells that border each stoma that contr…
a system of well-developed groups vascular tissues that distr…
Cuticle
a waxy layer that covers the nonwoody aboveground parts of mo…
Stomata
pores that permit plants to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide
35 terms
Biology: Chapter 23- Vocabulary (Plants)
Apical meristem
Bark
Blade
Bud
Group of unspecialized cells that divide to produce increased…
Tissue that is found outside the vascular cambium including t…
Thin, flattened part of a plant leaf.
Plant structure containing apical meristem tissue that can pr…
Apical meristem
Group of unspecialized cells that divide to produce increased…
Bark
Tissue that is found outside the vascular cambium including t…
12 terms
Chapter 23 Plants Vocab Terms Biology 10B
cuticle
stomata
guard cells
vascular plant
a waxy layer that cover on the outside of most plants
opening pores in a leaf that allows for gas exchange
cells that are on each side of a stoma
plants that have tissues or vessels to transport food and wat…
cuticle
a waxy layer that cover on the outside of most plants
stomata
opening pores in a leaf that allows for gas exchange
8 terms
Chapter 23- Land Plants
Plants
how plant evolved
characteristics of plants
shared characteristics of green algae…
multicellular photosynthetic eukaryotes
- thought to have evolved from fresh water green algae about…
- stores excess carbohydrates as starch... - have cellulose in t…
- cellulose cell wall... - apical cells... - plasmodesmata... - placen…
Plants
multicellular photosynthetic eukaryotes
how plant evolved
- thought to have evolved from fresh water green algae about…
12 terms
Focus Center Biology- Chapter 23 Reproduction in plants
Vegetative reproduction
Zygote
Protonema
Ferns
When new plants grow from parts of an existing plant.
What the fertilization of an egg forms.
The small, threadlike structures that can develop into a moss…
The life cycle of which group of plants that prothallus is pa…
Vegetative reproduction
When new plants grow from parts of an existing plant.
Zygote
What the fertilization of an egg forms.
15 terms
Biology - Chapter 23: Plant Structure
Plant Tissues
Xylem
Phloem
Roots
Dermal Tissue:... -Protective outer covering ... ex: Epidermis... Vasc…
Carries water up the stem from the roots
Carries sugars around the plant wherever they are needed
Serves as an anchor.... Absorbs water and nutrients.... Assists in…
Plant Tissues
Dermal Tissue:... -Protective outer covering ... ex: Epidermis... Vasc…
Xylem
Carries water up the stem from the roots
12 terms
biology chapter 23 plants vocabulary
cuticle
stomata
guard cells
vascular plant
waxy layer on the outside of most plants
pores in a leaf that allow for gas exchange
plant cells that are on each side of a stomata
plants that have tissue or vessels to transport food and wate…
cuticle
waxy layer on the outside of most plants
stomata
pores in a leaf that allow for gas exchange
38 terms
Biology Chapter 23: Plant Structure and Function
epidermis
lignin
vessel element
sieve tube elements
in plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue
substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid
type of xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube throu…
continuous tube through the plant phloem cells, which are arr…
epidermis
in plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue
lignin
substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid
18 terms
Biology Chapter 23: Reproduction in Plants
1. sporophyte ... 2. gametophyte
1. produces by haploid spores... 2. divid…
1. produces gamers (sperm and eggs)... 2.…
archegonia: female; antheridia: male
what does the alternation of generations of a plant consist on?
describe the sporophyte stage.
describe the gametophyte stage.
distinguish between archegonia and antheridia.
1. sporophyte ... 2. gametophyte
what does the alternation of generations of a plant consist on?
1. produces by haploid spores... 2. divid…
describe the sporophyte stage.
45 terms
Chapter 23-27: Plant Evolution and Biology
Plant Ancestry
Plants
Advantages of Land Environment
Adaptations to Land Environment
evolved from freshwater green algae; carophytes
multicellular photosynthetic eukaryotes adapted to land
- availability of light ... - more CO2 and O2 in air
- rhizoids or roots ... - waxy cuticles ... - stomata ... - vascular s…
Plant Ancestry
evolved from freshwater green algae; carophytes
Plants
multicellular photosynthetic eukaryotes adapted to land
30 terms
Biology- Chapter 23- Introduction to plants
Cuticle
Stomata
Guard cells
Mycorrhizae
a waxy layer that covers nonwoody above ground parts of most…
Pores that permit plants to exchange oxygen and CO2
A pair of specialized cells that border each stoma. The guard…
The symbiotic relationships between fungi and the roots of th…
Cuticle
a waxy layer that covers nonwoody above ground parts of most…
Stomata
Pores that permit plants to exchange oxygen and CO2
10 terms
chapter 23.4 biology plants
blade
petiole
mesophyll
palisade mesophyll
thin part of leaf
attaches the blade to the stem
area between leaf veins, ground tissue, produces sugar
under upper epidermis tightly packed cells absorbs light
blade
thin part of leaf
petiole
attaches the blade to the stem
13 terms
Chapter 23.1 biology plants
cuticle
trichome
tracheids
legnin
waxy layer of epidermis
tiny projections on epidermal cells
xylem cells
It is a complex molecule that resists water and gives wood mu…
cuticle
waxy layer of epidermis
trichome
tiny projections on epidermal cells
11 terms
Chapter 23.2 Biology plants
root hair
cortex
endodermis
vascular cylinder
Tiny projections that cover the surface of root epidermic tis…
Region just inside the epidermis region of ground tissue wate…
Plays a role in the movement of water layer of ground tissue,…
Center of the root contains the xylem and phloem
root hair
Tiny projections that cover the surface of root epidermic tis…
cortex
Region just inside the epidermis region of ground tissue wate…
Biology Chapter 23: Plant Structure and Function
epidermis
vessel element
meristem
apical meristem
in plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue
type of xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube throu…
regions of unspecialized cells responsible for continuing gro…
group of unspecialized cells that divide to produce increased…
epidermis
in plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue
vessel element
type of xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube throu…
30 terms
(Biology Chapter 23: Reproduction in Plants (Definitions)
vegetative reproduction
chemotaxis
protonema
prothallus
asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from parts of a…
a movement of a cell or organism in response to a particular…
a small threadlike structure produced by mosses that can deve…
heart-shaped tiny fern gametophyte.
vegetative reproduction
asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from parts of a…
chemotaxis
a movement of a cell or organism in response to a particular…
44 terms
Biology Chapter 23: Plant Structure and Function
epidermis
lignin
vessel element
sieve tube elements
in plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue
substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid
type of xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube throu…
continuous tube through the plant phloem cells, which are arr…
epidermis
in plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue
lignin
substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid
20 terms
Chapter 23 - Plant Evolution and Biology Study Guide
All of the following are plant female…
Generation or life stage that produces…
Plant life cycle(s) include... A. the dip…
A leafy plant with no true roots, no s…
C. pollen cone
C. gametophyte
B. alternation of generations cycle only.
B. liverwort.
All of the following are plant female…
C. pollen cone
Generation or life stage that produces…
C. gametophyte
33 terms
Chapter 23 Plants
apical meristem
collenchyma
companion cell
cork cambrium
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
type of ground tissue cell with a strong, flexible cell wall;…
nucleated cells that help manage the transport of sugars and…
A cylinder of meristematic tissue in plants that produces cor…
apical meristem
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
collenchyma
type of ground tissue cell with a strong, flexible cell wall;…
19 terms
Biology Plant Definitions Chapter 23
Gymnosperms
Angiosperm
Monocot
Dicot
Vascular plants that produces seed on the scales of female co…
Vascular plant with seeds that are enclosed in a fruit
Flowering plant whose seeds have one seed leaf or cotyledon
Flowering plant whose seeds have two leaves
Gymnosperms
Vascular plants that produces seed on the scales of female co…
Angiosperm
Vascular plant with seeds that are enclosed in a fruit
41 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 23-26 Plants
Whats the difference between the male…
Antheridium
Archegonium
What are the major parts of the seed?
An immature male gametophyte has a thick protective wall. The…
the male sex organ of spore-producing plants
a female sex organ occurring in most gymnosperms
Pollen tube, Seed Coat, Cotyledons
Whats the difference between the male…
An immature male gametophyte has a thick protective wall. The…
Antheridium
the male sex organ of spore-producing plants
52 terms
Biology Plant Definitions Chapter 23
Cuticle
Vascular Tissue
Moss
Rhizoids
Waxy, waterproof layer on the leaves
Tube-like structures for transporting materials in the plant
Simple, rootless plant with leaf-like growths in a spiral aro…
Root-like filaments that anchor the moss and are made up of a…
Cuticle
Waxy, waterproof layer on the leaves
Vascular Tissue
Tube-like structures for transporting materials in the plant
21 terms
Vocabulary Words Chapter 23 and 24 biology Plants
Leaves
Stems
Roots
Primary growth
Leaves are the plant's main photosynthetic organ.
Plant stems provide a support system that carries nutrient, a…
Roots anchor plants in the ground, holding soil in place and…
Pattern of growth that takes place at the tips and shoots of…
Leaves
Leaves are the plant's main photosynthetic organ.
Stems
Plant stems provide a support system that carries nutrient, a…
31 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 23-26 Plants
Antheridium
Archegonium
stomatta
guard cells
the male sex organ of spore-producing plants
a female sex organ occurring in most gymnosperms
Small slits in the epidermis help exchange gases.
They regulate exchange of water vapor, oxygen and carbon diox…
Antheridium
the male sex organ of spore-producing plants
Archegonium
a female sex organ occurring in most gymnosperms
12 terms
Biology B, Chapter 23 Plants Vocabulary
Cuticle
Stomata
Guard Cells
Vascular Plant
This is the waxy layer on the outside of most plants
These are the pores in a leaf that allow for gas exchange
These are the cells that are on each side of a stomata
These are plants that have tissues or vessels to transport fo…
Cuticle
This is the waxy layer on the outside of most plants
Stomata
These are the pores in a leaf that allow for gas exchange
51 terms
Biology Plant Definitions Chapter 23
Cuticle
Vascular Tissue
Moss
Rhizoids
Waxy, waterproof layer on the leaves
Tube-like structures for transporting materials in the plant
Simple, rootless plant with leaf-like growths in a spiral aro…
Root-like filaments that anchor the moss and are made up of a…
Cuticle
Waxy, waterproof layer on the leaves
Vascular Tissue
Tube-like structures for transporting materials in the plant
24 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocabulary Reproduction in Plants
vegetative reproduction
chemotaxis
protonema
prothallus
asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from parts of a…
movement of a cell or organism in response to a particular ch…
small, threadlike structure produced by mosses that can devel…
heart-shaped, tiny fern gametophyte
vegetative reproduction
asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from parts of a…
chemotaxis
movement of a cell or organism in response to a particular ch…
52 terms
Chapter 23 Plants
chemotaxis
heterosporous
megaspore
micropyle
movement of a cell or organism towards or away from a particu…
able to produce two types of spores-megaspores or microspores…
spore that develops into a female gametophyte and is produced…
opening of a conifer's ovule where pollen grain can be trappe…
chemotaxis
movement of a cell or organism towards or away from a particu…
heterosporous
able to produce two types of spores-megaspores or microspores…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Plant Questions
What did land plants presumably evolve…
What is one way a plant can prevent wa…
A pore that regulates co2 and oxygen i…
Plant sperm is is contained in what?
Algae
A cuticle
Stoma/Stomata
Pollen
What did land plants presumably evolve…
Algae
What is one way a plant can prevent wa…
A cuticle
32 terms
Chapter 23 - Seed Plants
Epidermis
Meristems
1) Tap Root System... 2) Fibrous Root Sys…
Root Hairs
The single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue of the…
An area of unspecialized cells responsible for continuing gro…
Name the two types of root systems.
Small hairs on a root that produce a large surface area throu…
Epidermis
The single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue of the…
Meristems
An area of unspecialized cells responsible for continuing gro…
48 terms
Biology I Honors Chapter 23 (Plants)
Roots
Stems
Leaves
Dermal Tissue (seed plant)
organ of a plant, provides nutrients to plant, anchors the pl…
transport water and nutrients, produces leaves, supports the…
absorbs sunlight for photosynthesis to make sugar
the epidermis (epidermal layer) covers a plant. It has a waxy…
Roots
organ of a plant, provides nutrients to plant, anchors the pl…
Stems
transport water and nutrients, produces leaves, supports the…
74 terms
Biology II Chapter 23: Plant Evolution and Diversity
alternation of generations
Antheridium
Apical
Archegonium
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
Sperm-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle.
Directional term that refers to the tip of a filament or bran…
Egg-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle.
alternation of generations
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
Antheridium
Sperm-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle.
18 terms
Honors Bio Chapter 23 - Plants
tap root
fibrous root
perfect flowers
complete flowers
Ex: carrots
Ex: ferns
have both carpel and stamen in the flower; bisexual
complete it must have four parts: sepals, petals, stamens and…
tap root
Ex: carrots
fibrous root
Ex: ferns
24 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocab - Reproduction in Plants
vegetative reproduction
stamen
short-day plant
sepal
asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from parts of a…
male reproductive organ of most flowers composed of a filamen…
plant that flowers in the winter, spring, or fall, when the n…
flower organ that protects the bud
vegetative reproduction
asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from parts of a…
stamen
male reproductive organ of most flowers composed of a filamen…
38 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 23: Plant Structure and Function
epidermis
lignin
vessel element
sieve tube elements
in plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue
substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid
type of xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube throu…
continuous tube through the plant phloem cells, which are arr…
epidermis
in plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue
lignin
substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid
24 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocab - Reproduction in Plants
vegetative reproduction
stamen
short-day plant
sepal
asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from parts of a…
male reproductive organ of most flowers composed of a filamen…
plant that flowers in the winter, spring, or fall, when the n…
flower organ that protects the bud
vegetative reproduction
asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from parts of a…
stamen
male reproductive organ of most flowers composed of a filamen…
64 terms
Biology II Chapter 23: Plant Evolution and Diversity
alternation of generations
plants mostly evolved from
adaptations to land
dominant generation
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
charophytes (green algae)
1. cuticle to prevent water loss... 2. stomata on leaves... 3. trac…
in nonvascular the gametophyte is dominant... in vascular the sp…
alternation of generations
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
plants mostly evolved from
charophytes (green algae)
62 terms
Biology- Chapter 23 Plant Tissues and Structures
Dermal Tissue
Epidermis
Cuticle
Vascular Tissue
protective outer covering of the plant
single layer of cells that makes up the Dermal Tissue, someti…
Thick waxy layer covering epidermal cells that protects again…
system of pipe like cells that help support the plant and tra…
Dermal Tissue
protective outer covering of the plant
Epidermis
single layer of cells that makes up the Dermal Tissue, someti…
24 terms
Chapter 23 Biology Test- Plants
vascular plants
vascular plants
flower
xylem
interconnected tubes and vessels
plants that have a vascular system; composed of a xylem and p…
reproductive part of the plant; produces pollen and seeds
transports water and minerals; hard walled cells
vascular plants
interconnected tubes and vessels
vascular plants
plants that have a vascular system; composed of a xylem and p…
37 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Plant Structure and Function Vocabulary
Epidermis
Lignin
Vessel elements
Sieve tube elements
Protective outer covering of a plant that is made from a sing…
The substance in the cell walls of dead tracheids that makes…
Xylem cells arranged end to end on top of one another
The main phloem cells
Epidermis
Protective outer covering of a plant that is made from a sing…
Lignin
The substance in the cell walls of dead tracheids that makes…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 23- Plant Structure and Function
roots, stems, and leaves.
dermal, vascular, and ground tissue sy…
protection, transport, and photosynthe…
The protective outer covering of a plant
What are the main organs of a plant? (3)
What do the main organs contain?
What are the basic functions of a plant?
Dermal tissue
roots, stems, and leaves.
What are the main organs of a plant? (3)
dermal, vascular, and ground tissue sy…
What do the main organs contain?
30 terms
Biology Chapter 23 plant structure and function
Leaf
Root
Dermal tissue
Cuticle protects the plant against
- involved in gas exchange and homeostasis... - principal organ…
-anchors plants to the ground... - holds plants upright... - absorb…
- protective outer covering of a plant... - is a single layer of…
water loss
Leaf
- involved in gas exchange and homeostasis... - principal organ…
Root
-anchors plants to the ground... - holds plants upright... - absorb…
35 terms
Biology Chapter 23 : Plant Structure and Function
Dermal tissue
Waxy Cuticle
Vascular tissue
Types of Vascular Tissue
Protective outer covering of a plant.
Covers epidermis and protects against water loss.
Supports plant body and transports water and nutrients throug…
Xylem and phloem
Dermal tissue
Protective outer covering of a plant.
Waxy Cuticle
Covers epidermis and protects against water loss.
Biology, Chapter 23.2, Flowers
sepal
petal
stamen
pistil
protect the flower bud; can look like small leaves or even re…
the colorful structures that can both attract pollinators and…
the male reproductive organs
the female reproductive organs
sepal
protect the flower bud; can look like small leaves or even re…
petal
the colorful structures that can both attract pollinators and…
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