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Study sets matching "biology plants evolution diversity protists"

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Study sets matching "biology plants evolution diversity protists"

47 terms
Biology II Chapter 21: Protist Evolution and Diversity
Protists
cysts
Plankton
Protozoan
eukaryotic cells characterized by membranous organelles
resting stage of protozoans; sometimes serves as a means of t…
organisms that are suspended in the water an serve as food fo…
unicellular heterotrophic organism that ingests its food
Protists
eukaryotic cells characterized by membranous organelles
cysts
resting stage of protozoans; sometimes serves as a means of t…
46 terms
Biology: Diversity of Life- Plant Evolution
Chestnut blight came from what?
How do fungi reproduce?
How are spores carried?
Features of Fungi:
Trees and lumber imported from Japan.
By releasing spores
By wind or water, spores germinate to produce mycelia in mois…
1)Vital decomposers, 2)Are heterotrophs that acquire nutrient…
Chestnut blight came from what?
Trees and lumber imported from Japan.
How do fungi reproduce?
By releasing spores
31 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
spore
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
(1) In plants and algae, a haploid cell that can develop into…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
xylem
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
89 terms
AP Biology Evolution, Fungi, Protists, Plants, Animals
protists
theory around protists?
general commonalities between protists…
plankton
tend to be organisms that don t fit in other groups very well…
endosymbiant theory
most unicellular... mostly aerobic... mostly aquatic
type of protist... any organism that can't swim against current
protists
tend to be organisms that don t fit in other groups very well…
theory around protists?
endosymbiant theory
60 terms
21. Protists Evolution and Diversity
The groups of eukaryotes that are very…
Protists are an abundant component of…
Photoautotrophic Protists that use pho…
Heterotrophic protists that obtain org…
Protists
Plankton
Algae
Protozoa
The groups of eukaryotes that are very…
Protists
Protists are an abundant component of…
Plankton
74 terms
Biology II Chapter 23: Plant Evolution and Diversity
alternation of generations
Antheridium
Apical
Archegonium
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
Sperm-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle.
Directional term that refers to the tip of a filament or bran…
Egg-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle.
alternation of generations
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
Antheridium
Sperm-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle.
48 terms
Biology Cell Cycle, Meiosis (asexual,sexual), Viruses, Protists, Plant Diversity+evolution, Fungi 12,13,19,28,29,30,31
Virus
Host
lysis
Host Range
extremely small, minimal genetic material, acellular, no meta…
a living cell in which a virus reproduces. A primary host or…
the rupture of a host cell (membrane/wall), and release of ne…
the range of cell types which a particular virus, bacteria, o…
Virus
extremely small, minimal genetic material, acellular, no meta…
Host
a living cell in which a virus reproduces. A primary host or…
24 terms
Protist Evolution and Diversity
Protists are an abundant component of…
What describes protists?
A ___ is a complex unicellular protist…
Eye Spot
plankton
diverse eukaryotes, multicellular, colonial, & diverse
ciliate
photorecepter that detects light
Protists are an abundant component of…
plankton
What describes protists?
diverse eukaryotes, multicellular, colonial, & diverse
48 terms
Protist Evolution and Diversity
Protists
Characteristics of Protists
Mixotrophic
Cyst
Classified in domain Eukarya and the kingdom Protista... - group…
- can vary in size... - many are unicellular, but still highly c…
Organism that can use autotrophic and heterotrophic means of…
In protists and invertebrates, resting structure that contain…
Protists
Classified in domain Eukarya and the kingdom Protista... - group…
Characteristics of Protists
- can vary in size... - many are unicellular, but still highly c…
14 terms
Protist evolution and diversity
Protists
Endosymbiotic theory
Aerobic bacterium
Cyano bacterium
Simplest but most diverse eukaryotes... Most are unicellular... Hav…
Why mitochondria and chloroplasts have a double membrane and…
Mitochondria
Chloroplasts
Protists
Simplest but most diverse eukaryotes... Most are unicellular... Hav…
Endosymbiotic theory
Why mitochondria and chloroplasts have a double membrane and…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
34 terms
Protists + plant diversity
Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
Autotrophic
Heterotrophic
Excavata
Domains
self-feeding: rely on Co2 to build cells
acquire co2 from organic carbon (eating other things)
Euglenas
Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
Domains
Autotrophic
self-feeding: rely on Co2 to build cells
27 terms
Protist Evolution and Diversity
Protists Domain
Protists Reproduction
Protist and evolution
Endosymbiotic Theory:
- Simplest and most diverse eukaryotes... - Most are single cell…
- Asexually by mitosis is the norm... - Sexually when conditions…
- Protists represent the oldest branch of eukaryotes in the t…
Symbiotic relationship between a eukaryotic host and engulfed…
Protists Domain
- Simplest and most diverse eukaryotes... - Most are single cell…
Protists Reproduction
- Asexually by mitosis is the norm... - Sexually when conditions…
64 terms
Biology II Chapter 23: Plant Evolution and Diversity
alternation of generations
plants mostly evolved from
adaptations to land
dominant generation
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
charophytes (green algae)
1. cuticle to prevent water loss... 2. stomata on leaves... 3. trac…
in nonvascular the gametophyte is dominant... in vascular the sp…
alternation of generations
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
plants mostly evolved from
charophytes (green algae)
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
36 terms
Protist Diversity "Eukaryote Evolution"
6 Key evolutionary changes to the euka…
Importance of nuclear enveloe
Importance of cytoskeleton
Importance of flexible cell surface
Loss of firm cell wall, origin of flexible cell surface, orig…
Enclosed genome and organized it into chromosomes.
Manages changes in shape, daughter chromosome distribution.
Infolding of membrane allows exchange with other materials an…
6 Key evolutionary changes to the euka…
Loss of firm cell wall, origin of flexible cell surface, orig…
Importance of nuclear enveloe
Enclosed genome and organized it into chromosomes.
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
What adaptations did plants have to ma…
apical meristems
vascular tissue
xylem
maintaining moisture, obtaining resources from two locations,…
growth producing regions of cell division found near the tips…
network of thick walled cells joined into narrow tubes that e…
a dead vascular tissue which forms microscopic pipes conveyin…
What adaptations did plants have to ma…
maintaining moisture, obtaining resources from two locations,…
apical meristems
growth producing regions of cell division found near the tips…
26 terms
Biology II Ch. 23 Plant Evolution and Diversity
Kingdom Plantae
Plants
Streptophytes
Distinctive Features of Land Plants
known as the land plants or just plants; evolved from green a…
multicellular, mostly photosynthetic eukaryotes that are adap…
plants and their closest green algal relatives; "twisted plant"
tissues, apical meristems, alternation of generations, embryo…
Kingdom Plantae
known as the land plants or just plants; evolved from green a…
Plants
multicellular, mostly photosynthetic eukaryotes that are adap…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
29 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
Fungi
absorption
hypha
mycelium
The kingdom that contains the fungi.
The uptake of small nutrient molecules by an organism's own b…
(plural, hyphae) One of many filaments making up the body of…
(plural, mycelia) The densely branched network of hyphae in a…
Fungi
The kingdom that contains the fungi.
absorption
The uptake of small nutrient molecules by an organism's own b…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
64 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
44 terms
AP Biology Mader Chapter 21 Protist Evolution and Diversity
Protists
cysts
Plankton
Protozoan
eukaryotic cells characterized by membranous organelles
resting stage of protozoans; sometimes serves as a means of t…
organisms that are suspended in the water an serve as food fo…
unicellular heterotrophic organism that ingests its food
Protists
eukaryotic cells characterized by membranous organelles
cysts
resting stage of protozoans; sometimes serves as a means of t…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
life on land
aquatic
embryonic plants
stayed close to water
plants have adaptations for ________
_____ plants are immersed in water
there are no ________ in aquatic plants
the first land plants _________ (were restricted to moist hab…
life on land
plants have adaptations for ________
aquatic
_____ plants are immersed in water
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
42 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
lignin
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
A chemical that hardens the cell walls of plants.
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
xylem
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
29 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
Fungi
absorption
hypha
mycelium
The kingdom that contains the fungi.
The uptake of small nutrient molecules by an organism's own b…
(plural, hyphae) One of many filaments making up the body of…
(plural, mycelia) The densely branched network of hyphae in a…
Fungi
The kingdom that contains the fungi.
absorption
The uptake of small nutrient molecules by an organism's own b…
54 terms
Biology Chap. 30 Plant Diversity II: Evolution of Seed Plants
seed
characteristics of seed plants
advantage of reduced gametophytes
most seedless plants are homosporous
plant embryo and food supply surrounded by protective coat
seeds, reduced gametophytes, heterospory, ovules, and pollen.…
gametophytes can develop from spores housed within the sporan…
produce one kind of spore giving rise to bisexual gametophyte.
seed
plant embryo and food supply surrounded by protective coat
characteristics of seed plants
seeds, reduced gametophytes, heterospory, ovules, and pollen.…
34 terms
Protist and Plant diversity
True or False, plants have a waxy, wat…
In moving to land, which of the follow…
Alternation of generations ___________.
Plants undergo alternation of generati…
True
dessiccation
is distinguished by haploid and diploid stages that are both…
the sporophyte generation alternates with the gametophyte
True or False, plants have a waxy, wat…
True
In moving to land, which of the follow…
dessiccation
34 terms
Evolution and Diversity of Plants
Plantae
Monophyletic
Cellulose
Alternation of Generations
Kingdom- Monophyletic
Have same ancestor
Cell walls of plants are made of
Life cycle of plants is
Plantae
Kingdom- Monophyletic
Monophyletic
Have same ancestor
33 terms
Biology [CHAPTER 30] (Plant Diversity II: The Evolution of Seed Plants)
Which of the following adaptations is…
Which one of the following is true of…
The diploid generation of the plant li…
The closest seedless relatives of seed…
All of the listed responses are correct.
The gametophyte is reduced and dependent on the sporophyte.
produces spores
They were homosporous.
Which of the following adaptations is…
All of the listed responses are correct.
Which one of the following is true of…
The gametophyte is reduced and dependent on the sporophyte.
13 terms
Biology 211L- Protist Diversity
diatoms
amoeba
difflugia
actinosphaerium
non-motile, photoautotrophic, single-celled
heterotrophic, mobile by psuedopodia
amoeba species inside of 'test' (shell)
mobile by pseudopodia, not an amoeba
diatoms
non-motile, photoautotrophic, single-celled
amoeba
heterotrophic, mobile by psuedopodia
26 terms
Protists and the Evolution of Multicellularity & Plants
A sign on the beach states, "Beach Clo…
A large seaweed that floats freely on…
Recent evidence indicates that the fir…
What does asexual reproduction do?
dinoflagellates
holdfasts
melting that ended the "snowball Earth" period.
produces offspring genetically identical to the parent
A sign on the beach states, "Beach Clo…
dinoflagellates
A large seaweed that floats freely on…
holdfasts
Protists, Fungi, and Plant Evolution
What were the first eukaryotes?
What domain do protists belong to?
What is special about protists?
How many distinct groups of protists a…
Protists
Eukarya and are not members of the other three kingdoms
Extremely diverse group of organisms that are not easily orga…
Six
What were the first eukaryotes?
Protists
What domain do protists belong to?
Eukarya and are not members of the other three kingdoms
33 terms
Biology [CHAPTER 30] (Plant Diversity II: The Evolution of Seed Plants)
Which of the following adaptations is…
Which one of the following is true of…
The diploid generation of the plant li…
The closest seedless relatives of seed…
All of the listed responses are correct.
The gametophyte is reduced and dependent on the sporophyte.
produces spores
They were homosporous.
Which of the following adaptations is…
All of the listed responses are correct.
Which one of the following is true of…
The gametophyte is reduced and dependent on the sporophyte.
36 terms
The Evolution of Plant Diversity
Plant diversity is the result of ____
Support for evolution as the source of…
Variation in plant populations and spe…
Variation in plant populations and spe…
> evolution... Darwinism (1859) + Mendelism (1865) + population…
Fossils... > record the evolution of plant structures... > recor…
Mutation... > Lethal... > Neutral... > Selectively advantageous... Dupl…
Variation is affected by gene flow... Variation is affected by…
Plant diversity is the result of ____
> evolution... Darwinism (1859) + Mendelism (1865) + population…
Support for evolution as the source of…
Fossils... > record the evolution of plant structures... > recor…
117 terms
Diversity and Evolution of Plants
plant complexity
late paleozoic
T
T
physiological flexibility... morphological flexibility... complex b…
green algae abundant
charophytes and embryophytes share a common ancestor
embryophytes evolved morphological features that permitted co…
plant complexity
physiological flexibility... morphological flexibility... complex b…
late paleozoic
green algae abundant
19 terms
Chapter 21: Protist Evolution and Diversity
The groups of eukaryotes that are very…
The group of photosynthetic protists t…
Which of the following pigments are as…
Plankton
protists
green algae
1,3,5
organisms suspended in the water that serve as food for heter…
The groups of eukaryotes that are very…
protists
The group of photosynthetic protists t…
green algae
69 terms
Biology Exam 2 PLANT DIVERSITY II: THE EVOLUTION OF SEED PLANTS (30) ANIMAL DIVERSITY (32)
reduced gametophytes, heterospory (pro…
a multicellular diploid embryo, food s…
they are mostly microscopic enabling t…
gymnosperms, angiospemrs, reduced, spo…
what adaptations helped seed plants cope with conditions such…
what does a seed consist of?
what are the advantages of reduced gametophytes?
seed plants consist of the two clades ___ and ___, have ___ g…
reduced gametophytes, heterospory (pro…
what adaptations helped seed plants cope with conditions such…
a multicellular diploid embryo, food s…
what does a seed consist of?
104 terms
Chapter 21 - Protist Evolution and Diversity
What domain are protists in?
What kingdom are protists in?
What is the endosymbiotic theory/hypot…
How long can kelp (which are protists)…
Eukarya
Protista
The idea that mitochondria originated from aerobic bacteria a…
More than 200 meters long
What domain are protists in?
Eukarya
What kingdom are protists in?
Protista
14 terms
Plant Evolution & Diversity
Sporic Meiosis
Zygotic Meiosis
Distinctive Features of Kingdom Plantae
Protected Embryo
ex:Fungi
-Protected Embryo... -Apical Meristems
Protected from desiccation, allowed plants to move to land
Sporic Meiosis
Zygotic Meiosis
ex:Fungi
26 terms
Chapter 21: Protist Evolution and Diversity
Endosymbiotic Hypothesis
Protists Sexual Reproduction
Produce Color in Algae
Chloroplast
aerobic bacteria become mitochondria--cyanobacteria become ch…
when conditions deteriorate... formation of spores allow to surv…
different proteins for pigments
purpose is for photosynthesis
Endosymbiotic Hypothesis
aerobic bacteria become mitochondria--cyanobacteria become ch…
Protists Sexual Reproduction
when conditions deteriorate... formation of spores allow to surv…
50 terms
Chapter 21: Protist Evolution and Diversity
accessory pigment
Alveolate
Amoeboid
Amoebozoan
Proteins that assist in the photosynthetic process by transfe…
A group of protists that includes unicellular dinoflagellates…
Cell that moves and engulfs debris with pseudopods.
Supergroup of eukaryotes that includes amoebas and slime mold…
accessory pigment
Proteins that assist in the photosynthetic process by transfe…
Alveolate
A group of protists that includes unicellular dinoflagellates…
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