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Study sets matching "biology plants evolution diversity"

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Study sets matching "biology plants evolution diversity"

46 terms
Biology: Diversity of Life- Plant Evolution
Chestnut blight came from what?
How do fungi reproduce?
How are spores carried?
Features of Fungi:
Trees and lumber imported from Japan.
By releasing spores
By wind or water, spores germinate to produce mycelia in mois…
1)Vital decomposers, 2)Are heterotrophs that acquire nutrient…
Chestnut blight came from what?
Trees and lumber imported from Japan.
How do fungi reproduce?
By releasing spores
31 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
spore
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
(1) In plants and algae, a haploid cell that can develop into…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
xylem
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
74 terms
Biology II Chapter 23: Plant Evolution and Diversity
alternation of generations
Antheridium
Apical
Archegonium
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
Sperm-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle.
Directional term that refers to the tip of a filament or bran…
Egg-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle.
alternation of generations
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
Antheridium
Sperm-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle.
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
64 terms
Biology II Chapter 23: Plant Evolution and Diversity
alternation of generations
plants mostly evolved from
adaptations to land
dominant generation
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
charophytes (green algae)
1. cuticle to prevent water loss... 2. stomata on leaves... 3. trac…
in nonvascular the gametophyte is dominant... in vascular the sp…
alternation of generations
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
plants mostly evolved from
charophytes (green algae)
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
What adaptations did plants have to ma…
apical meristems
vascular tissue
xylem
maintaining moisture, obtaining resources from two locations,…
growth producing regions of cell division found near the tips…
network of thick walled cells joined into narrow tubes that e…
a dead vascular tissue which forms microscopic pipes conveyin…
What adaptations did plants have to ma…
maintaining moisture, obtaining resources from two locations,…
apical meristems
growth producing regions of cell division found near the tips…
29 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
Fungi
absorption
hypha
mycelium
The kingdom that contains the fungi.
The uptake of small nutrient molecules by an organism's own b…
(plural, hyphae) One of many filaments making up the body of…
(plural, mycelia) The densely branched network of hyphae in a…
Fungi
The kingdom that contains the fungi.
absorption
The uptake of small nutrient molecules by an organism's own b…
26 terms
Biology II Ch. 23 Plant Evolution and Diversity
Kingdom Plantae
Plants
Streptophytes
Distinctive Features of Land Plants
known as the land plants or just plants; evolved from green a…
multicellular, mostly photosynthetic eukaryotes that are adap…
plants and their closest green algal relatives; "twisted plant"
tissues, apical meristems, alternation of generations, embryo…
Kingdom Plantae
known as the land plants or just plants; evolved from green a…
Plants
multicellular, mostly photosynthetic eukaryotes that are adap…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
64 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
life on land
aquatic
embryonic plants
stayed close to water
plants have adaptations for ________
_____ plants are immersed in water
there are no ________ in aquatic plants
the first land plants _________ (were restricted to moist hab…
life on land
plants have adaptations for ________
aquatic
_____ plants are immersed in water
54 terms
Biology Chap. 30 Plant Diversity II: Evolution of Seed Plants
seed
characteristics of seed plants
advantage of reduced gametophytes
most seedless plants are homosporous
plant embryo and food supply surrounded by protective coat
seeds, reduced gametophytes, heterospory, ovules, and pollen.…
gametophytes can develop from spores housed within the sporan…
produce one kind of spore giving rise to bisexual gametophyte.
seed
plant embryo and food supply surrounded by protective coat
characteristics of seed plants
seeds, reduced gametophytes, heterospory, ovules, and pollen.…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
29 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
apical meristem
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
apical meristem
A meristem at the tip of a plant root or in the terminal or a…
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
42 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
vascular tissue
xylem
Phloem
lignin
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys…
A chemical that hardens the cell walls of plants.
vascular tissue
Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
xylem
The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provi…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 17: The Evolution of Plant and Fungal Diversity
Fungi
absorption
hypha
mycelium
The kingdom that contains the fungi.
The uptake of small nutrient molecules by an organism's own b…
(plural, hyphae) One of many filaments making up the body of…
(plural, mycelia) The densely branched network of hyphae in a…
Fungi
The kingdom that contains the fungi.
absorption
The uptake of small nutrient molecules by an organism's own b…
34 terms
Evolution and Diversity of Plants
Plantae
Monophyletic
Cellulose
Alternation of Generations
Kingdom- Monophyletic
Have same ancestor
Cell walls of plants are made of
Life cycle of plants is
Plantae
Kingdom- Monophyletic
Monophyletic
Have same ancestor
33 terms
Biology [CHAPTER 30] (Plant Diversity II: The Evolution of Seed Plants)
Which of the following adaptations is…
Which one of the following is true of…
The diploid generation of the plant li…
The closest seedless relatives of seed…
All of the listed responses are correct.
The gametophyte is reduced and dependent on the sporophyte.
produces spores
They were homosporous.
Which of the following adaptations is…
All of the listed responses are correct.
Which one of the following is true of…
The gametophyte is reduced and dependent on the sporophyte.
33 terms
Biology [CHAPTER 30] (Plant Diversity II: The Evolution of Seed Plants)
Which of the following adaptations is…
Which one of the following is true of…
The diploid generation of the plant li…
The closest seedless relatives of seed…
All of the listed responses are correct.
The gametophyte is reduced and dependent on the sporophyte.
produces spores
They were homosporous.
Which of the following adaptations is…
All of the listed responses are correct.
Which one of the following is true of…
The gametophyte is reduced and dependent on the sporophyte.
36 terms
The Evolution of Plant Diversity
Plant diversity is the result of ____
Support for evolution as the source of…
Variation in plant populations and spe…
Variation in plant populations and spe…
> evolution... Darwinism (1859) + Mendelism (1865) + population…
Fossils... > record the evolution of plant structures... > recor…
Mutation... > Lethal... > Neutral... > Selectively advantageous... Dupl…
Variation is affected by gene flow... Variation is affected by…
Plant diversity is the result of ____
> evolution... Darwinism (1859) + Mendelism (1865) + population…
Support for evolution as the source of…
Fossils... > record the evolution of plant structures... > recor…
117 terms
Diversity and Evolution of Plants
plant complexity
late paleozoic
T
T
physiological flexibility... morphological flexibility... complex b…
green algae abundant
charophytes and embryophytes share a common ancestor
embryophytes evolved morphological features that permitted co…
plant complexity
physiological flexibility... morphological flexibility... complex b…
late paleozoic
green algae abundant
69 terms
Biology Exam 2 PLANT DIVERSITY II: THE EVOLUTION OF SEED PLANTS (30) ANIMAL DIVERSITY (32)
reduced gametophytes, heterospory (pro…
a multicellular diploid embryo, food s…
they are mostly microscopic enabling t…
gymnosperms, angiospemrs, reduced, spo…
what adaptations helped seed plants cope with conditions such…
what does a seed consist of?
what are the advantages of reduced gametophytes?
seed plants consist of the two clades ___ and ___, have ___ g…
reduced gametophytes, heterospory (pro…
what adaptations helped seed plants cope with conditions such…
a multicellular diploid embryo, food s…
what does a seed consist of?
14 terms
Plant Evolution & Diversity
Sporic Meiosis
Zygotic Meiosis
Distinctive Features of Kingdom Plantae
Protected Embryo
ex:Fungi
-Protected Embryo... -Apical Meristems
Protected from desiccation, allowed plants to move to land
Sporic Meiosis
Zygotic Meiosis
ex:Fungi
16 terms
Evolution of Plant Diversity
geographics, phenotypes
colors of flowers attract different po…
allopatric
sympatric
Drivers of Evolution
Give an example of phenotypes keep species separate.
geographically separated speciation
geographically local speciation
geographics, phenotypes
Drivers of Evolution
colors of flowers attract different po…
Give an example of phenotypes keep species separate.
116 terms
Biology 203 Exam 2: Evolution of Plant Diversity, Plant Form & Function
Primary Endosymbiosis
Glaucophytes
Red Algae
Pycoerythrin
Evolution of the Chloroplasts. This is the shared derived tra…
*Unicellular and unusual chloroplasts*... -May resemble some o…
It is not always red. The pigment depends on how deep it grow…
The red accessory photosynthetic pigment in red algae. Most u…
Primary Endosymbiosis
Evolution of the Chloroplasts. This is the shared derived tra…
Glaucophytes
*Unicellular and unusual chloroplasts*... -May resemble some o…
71 terms
Evolution and Diversity of Plants
cuticle
stomata
extant
sporophyte
waxy coating covering the body that prevents evaporation of w…
a structure which allows gas exchange
living plants
diploid
cuticle
waxy coating covering the body that prevents evaporation of w…
stomata
a structure which allows gas exchange
103 terms
Plants- Diversity & Evolution
A land plant is a ______ eukaryote.
plants obtains:
Plants cells each enclosed by a wall m…
An ____ is an early development stage…
multicellular
carbon from co2 and energy from light.... cells... embryonic deve…
cellulose.
embryo
A land plant is a ______ eukaryote.
multicellular
plants obtains:
carbon from co2 and energy from light.... cells... embryonic deve…
19 terms
Evolution & Diversity of Plants
Bryophytes
Types of Bryophytes
Moss gametophyte
Derived Chlorophytes
Nonvascular Plants
- Liverworts... - Hornworts... - Mosses
archegonia, antheridium
Chlorophyll a and b
Bryophytes
Nonvascular Plants
Types of Bryophytes
- Liverworts... - Hornworts... - Mosses
34 terms
Evolution and Diversity of Plants
Five key events in the History of Plan…
What are the four evolutionary innovat…
Advantages of seeds
What is the male gametophyte?
Multicellularity... Invasion of land\... Evolution of vascular tiss…
1.Further reduction of the gametophyte stage 2.Variation in s…
Better dispersal than spores and can remain viable longer. Th…
Pollen. Transported to female gametophyte
Five key events in the History of Plan…
Multicellularity... Invasion of land\... Evolution of vascular tiss…
What are the four evolutionary innovat…
1.Further reduction of the gametophyte stage 2.Variation in s…
40 terms
Exercise 3: Evolution and Diversity of Plants
Phylum Bryophyta: Moss antheridia
Phylum Bryophyta: Moss archegonia
Phylum Lycophyta: Lycopodium (club moss)
Phylum Pterophyta: Psilotum (whisk fern)
Note the sporangia
Note lack of leaves and roots. Also note that whenever branch…
Phylum Bryophyta: Moss antheridia
Phylum Bryophyta: Moss archegonia
62 terms
Bio Lab: The Evolution and Diversity of Plants
Sporic Meiosis or Alternation of Gener…
Benefits of terrestrial life
Problem with life on land
Cuticle
most plants and a number of of green algae exhibit this kind…
light and CO2 and mineral elements
aquiring and retaining water
minimized the loss of water
Sporic Meiosis or Alternation of Gener…
most plants and a number of of green algae exhibit this kind…
Benefits of terrestrial life
light and CO2 and mineral elements
46 terms
BYU Independent Study Biology 100 Lesson 20: Evolution and Diversity of Plants
Epiphytes
Obligate Parasites
Domain Eukarya
Cambrian Innovations (500 Million Year…
Plants that live on other plants.
Plants that are on other plants that cause diseases.
Kingdom Plantae belongs to this domain since all of its speci…
Developments:... Embryo - egg cell... Embryo protective structures…
Epiphytes
Plants that live on other plants.
Obligate Parasites
Plants that are on other plants that cause diseases.
43 terms
BYU Independent Study Biology 100 Lesson 20: Evolution and Diversity of Plants
Epiphytes
Obligate Parasites
Domain Eukarya
Cambrian Innovations (500 Million Year…
Plants that live on other plants.
Plants that are on other plants that cause diseases.
Kingdom Plantae belongs to this domain since all of its speci…
Developments:... Embryo - egg cell... Embryo protective structures…
Epiphytes
Plants that live on other plants.
Obligate Parasites
Plants that are on other plants that cause diseases.
15 terms
Plant Evolution & Diversity Vocabulary
Desiccation
Alternation of Generations
Gametophyte
Sporophytes
Drying out, Dehydration
Two multi-cellular individuals alternate, each producing the…
Multi-cellular 1n individual that produces 2n individuals
Multi-cellular 2n individual that produces 1n individuals
Desiccation
Drying out, Dehydration
Alternation of Generations
Two multi-cellular individuals alternate, each producing the…
10 terms
The Evolution and Diversity of Plants
Sporic Meiosis
Kingdom Plantae
cuticle
stomata
all plants and a number of green algae can do this, and it is…
comprising more than 280,000 speicies
(a waxy coating covering the body) that prevented the evapora…
(and in some cases pores) ^ evolved at about the same time to…
Sporic Meiosis
all plants and a number of green algae can do this, and it is…
Kingdom Plantae
comprising more than 280,000 speicies
45 terms
Evolution and Diversity of Plants
Evolution of Plants
Major Groups of Plants
Sporophyte
Gametophyte
Four evolutionary events associated with the four major group…
multicellular embryo is nourished within the body of the fema…
produces spores by meiosis, diploid generation undergo mitosi…
produces gametes (eggs and sperm) by mitosis, haploid generat…
Evolution of Plants
Four evolutionary events associated with the four major group…
Major Groups of Plants
multicellular embryo is nourished within the body of the fema…
46 terms
Plants Evolution & Diversity Exam 1
What is the Evolutionary History of Pl…
What are Plants known as?
What is plants evolution marked by?
What are the advantages of plants in l…
Plants are multicellular, Photosynthetic eukaryotes ... Plants e…
Multicellular, Photosynthetic Eukaryotes
The adaptations to a land existence
Plentiful light for photosynthesis and Carbon dioxide present…
What is the Evolutionary History of Pl…
Plants are multicellular, Photosynthetic eukaryotes ... Plants e…
What are Plants known as?
Multicellular, Photosynthetic Eukaryotes
14 terms
Plant evolution and Diversity
Green algae
Land plants
Describe the obstacles to plant life o…
Synamorphies of NV plants, seedless pl…
oxygen producers — food base for almost all aquatic life — so…
producing oxygen — building and holding soil — holding water…
• Obstacles : desiccation (drying out) & increased UV radiati…
all live on land — cuticle, pores — all have chlorophyll and…
Green algae
oxygen producers — food base for almost all aquatic life — so…
Land plants
producing oxygen — building and holding soil — holding water…
24 terms
Evolution of plants and fungal diversity
opportunities
challenges
stomata
dependent embryos
unlimited sunlight, abundant CO2, and initially, few pathogen…
keeping moisture in cells, supporting bodies, out of H20, rep…
holes in leaves for gas exchange
________ are present in all plants
opportunities
unlimited sunlight, abundant CO2, and initially, few pathogen…
challenges
keeping moisture in cells, supporting bodies, out of H20, rep…
25 terms
Plant Evolution and Diversity
Naked strands of RNA not covered by a…
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)…
Metabolically, the archaea are
Which of the following organisms move…
viroids
prion
heterotrophic and some are autotrophic as well.
Amoeba proteus
Naked strands of RNA not covered by a…
viroids
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)…
prion
29 terms
evolution of plant diversity
how did plants evolve?
stomata
apical meristems
synapomorphies
-closely related to Chlorophyta (shares several derived trait…
pores for gas exchange that can be closed to minimize water l…
region of rapid mitosis on the tips of shoots and roots
- many are associated with reproduction during the evolution…
how did plants evolve?
-closely related to Chlorophyta (shares several derived trait…
stomata
pores for gas exchange that can be closed to minimize water l…
34 terms
Plant Evolution and Diversity
Plants evolved from what?
Zygots are protected by a tough polyme…
How does sporopollenin work?
3 benefits of living on land for plants
Green, algal ancestors called charophytes
Sporopollenin
Holds in water, keeps embryo from drying out
bright unfiltered light, abundant CO2 in air & minerals in so…
Plants evolved from what?
Green, algal ancestors called charophytes
Zygots are protected by a tough polyme…
Sporopollenin
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