Study sets matching "biology pre ap chapter 5"

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Study sets matching "biology pre ap chapter 5"

22 terms
Pre AP biology Chapter 5
passive transport
diffusion
Equilibrium
concentration gradient
some substances can cross without any input of energy by the…
simplest type of passive transport is movement of high concen…
concentration of molecules will be same through out the space…
difference in concentration of molecules across a distance
passive transport
some substances can cross without any input of energy by the…
diffusion
simplest type of passive transport is movement of high concen…
Pre AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocab
population density
immigration
emmigration
carrying capacity
the number of individuals per unit area
the movement of individuals into an area (increase)
the movement of individuals out of an area (decrease)
the largest number of individuals a given environment can sup…
population density
the number of individuals per unit area
immigration
the movement of individuals into an area (increase)
23 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 5
Fluid Mosaic
Types of Cell Transport
Passive Transport
Active transport
boundary that is selectively permeable and contains many prot…
Passive and Active Transport
requires no energy; goes down the gradient from high to low c…
requires energy; goes against the gradient from low to high c…
Fluid Mosaic
boundary that is selectively permeable and contains many prot…
Types of Cell Transport
Passive and Active Transport
Pre AP Biology Chapter 5 Test Review
characteristics of populations
geographic distribution
population density
population growth
geographic distribution ... population density ... growth rate... age…
The area inhabited by a population
The number of individuals per unit area
Grows when birth rate is higher than death rate
characteristics of populations
geographic distribution ... population density ... growth rate... age…
geographic distribution
The area inhabited by a population
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 5
What is the Fluid mosaic model of a me…
What keeps the fluid mosaic fluid?
Why is it an advantage of a cell to ha…
What does the cholesterol associated w…
The ability of most of the componets of the plasma membrane t…
The ability of molecules to move across the membrane
So that molecules will be able to move to and from the cell a…
It makes the membrane more stable and keeps your cells from s…
What is the Fluid mosaic model of a me…
The ability of most of the componets of the plasma membrane t…
What keeps the fluid mosaic fluid?
The ability of molecules to move across the membrane
28 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 5 Stadler
____________________ are different for…
Energy, which cannot be created or des…
___________ is a measure of how much t…
Cells store and retrieve energy by mak…
Kinetic energy and potential energy
first; thermodynamics; second
entropy
reactants; products
____________________ are different for…
Kinetic energy and potential energy
Energy, which cannot be created or des…
first; thermodynamics; second
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 5
selective permeability
diffusion
concentration gradient
passive transport
a property of biological membranes that allows some substance…
the spontaneous movement of a substance down its concentratio…
a region along which the density of a chemical substance incr…
the diffusion of a substance across a biological membrane wit…
selective permeability
a property of biological membranes that allows some substance…
diffusion
the spontaneous movement of a substance down its concentratio…
12 terms
Pre AP Biology chapter 5
Population Density
Age Structure
Emigration
Immigration
number of individuals per unit are
number of males and females of each age in a population
movement of individuals out of an area
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
Population Density
number of individuals per unit are
Age Structure
number of males and females of each age in a population
Pre AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocab
population density
immigration
emmigration
carrying capacity
the number of individuals per unit area
the movement of individuals into an area (increase)
the movement of individuals out of an area (decrease)
the largest number of individuals a given environment can sup…
population density
the number of individuals per unit area
immigration
the movement of individuals into an area (increase)
11 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocab.
Population Density
Immigration
Emigration
Carrying Capacity
The number of individuals per unit area.
The movement of individuals into an area (increase).
The movement of individuals out of an area (decrease).
The largest number of individuals a given environment can sup…
Population Density
The number of individuals per unit area.
Immigration
The movement of individuals into an area (increase).
Biology Pre-AP-Chapter 5
Selectively Permeabe
Homeostasis
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
Allows some molecules to pass through but not others
All living things regulate their internal environment in a va…
The movement of molecules from an area of high concentration…
Higher concentration going to a lower concentration
Selectively Permeabe
Allows some molecules to pass through but not others
Homeostasis
All living things regulate their internal environment in a va…
Pre-AP Biology chapter 5
Passive transport
Diffusion
Equilibrium
Concentration gradient
Substances crossing the cell membrane without any import of e…
The movement of molecules from higher concentration to lower…
The concentration of molecules being equal throughout the spa…
A difference in the concentration of molecules across a dista…
Passive transport
Substances crossing the cell membrane without any import of e…
Diffusion
The movement of molecules from higher concentration to lower…
Pre Ap Biology 1 Chapter 5
Cancer
Malignant tumor
Benign tumor
Metastasize
class of diseases characterized by uncontrolled cell division.
cancer cells can break away from this tumor.
cancer cells typically remain clustered together. Can be cure…
break away
Cancer
class of diseases characterized by uncontrolled cell division.
Malignant tumor
cancer cells can break away from this tumor.
19 terms
Pre AP Biology Chapter 5 keynote terms
Background extinction
Factors that threaten biodiversity:
Overexploitation
Habitat loss: destruction
The gradual process of becoming extinct
-Overexploitation... -Habitat loss... -Destruction... -Disruption... -F…
excessive use of resources. Ex: overhunting of animals for hi…
ex. clearing of rain forests
Background extinction
The gradual process of becoming extinct
Factors that threaten biodiversity:
-Overexploitation... -Habitat loss... -Destruction... -Disruption... -F…
53 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Alpha (α) helix
Amino acid
Antiparallel
Beta (β) pleated sheet
A spiral shape constituting one form of the secondary structu…
An organic molecule processing both carboxyl and amino groups…
The opposite arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones in…
One form of the secondary structure of proteins in which the…
Alpha (α) helix
A spiral shape constituting one form of the secondary structu…
Amino acid
An organic molecule processing both carboxyl and amino groups…
PreAP Biology Chapter 5 vocab
population density
immigration
emigration
carrying capacity
the number of individuals per unit area
the movement of individuals into an area (increase)
the movement of individuals out of an area (decrease)
the largest number of individuals a given environment can sup…
population density
the number of individuals per unit area
immigration
the movement of individuals into an area (increase)
12 terms
Chapter 5 Vocab - Biology Pre-AP
population density
age structure
immigration
emigration
refers to the number of individuals per unit area
number of males and females of each age a population contains
when individuals move into a population from elsewhere
when individuals move out of a population to elsewhere
population density
refers to the number of individuals per unit area
age structure
number of males and females of each age a population contains
PreAp Biology Chapter 5 Vocab
Population Density
Immigration
Emigration
Carrying Capacity
The number of individuals per unit area
The movement of individuals into an area (increase)
The movement of individuals out of an area (decrease)
The largest number of individuals a given environment can sup…
Population Density
The number of individuals per unit area
Immigration
The movement of individuals into an area (increase)
12 terms
Chapter 5: Vocab Biology Pre-AP
Population Density
Age Structure
Immigration
Emigration
Number of individuals per unit area
The number of males and females of each age in a population
Movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
Movement of individuals out of an area
Population Density
Number of individuals per unit area
Age Structure
The number of males and females of each age in a population
27 terms
Chapter 5 Vocab - Biology Pre-AP
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides
long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous genes…
Cell Cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
29 terms
PreAP Biology Chapter 5-6
renewable resources
non renewable resources
sustainable development
desertification
a resource that can be renewed, solar, wind
a resource that cannot be reused or replaced easily (ex. gems…
A way of using natural resources without depleting them, and…
Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily…
renewable resources
a resource that can be renewed, solar, wind
non renewable resources
a resource that cannot be reused or replaced easily (ex. gems…
14 terms
Pre-AP Bio. Chapter 5 Vocab
Active Transport
Isotonic
Endocytosis
Pinocytosis
Requires a cell to expend energy to materials from an area of…
When the concentrations of solutes outside and inside the cel…
The process by which cells ingest external fluid, macromolecu…
Involves the transport of solutes of fluids
Active Transport
Requires a cell to expend energy to materials from an area of…
Isotonic
When the concentrations of solutes outside and inside the cel…
44 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
39 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocab Stadler
Energy
Entropy
1st Law of Thermodynamics
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
The capacity to do work
Measure of how much energy of a system is dispersed.
Energy cannot be created or destroyed
Energy disperses spontaneously.
Energy
The capacity to do work
Entropy
Measure of how much energy of a system is dispersed.
56 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
45 terms
PreAP 2 Chapter 5 Vocabulary
el pasatiempo
el hobby
el ajedrez
el tablero
pastime
hobby
chess
gameboard
el pasatiempo
pastime
el hobby
hobby
57 terms
Pre-AP Biology Ch 5 Vocab
Activation energy
Active site
Active transport
Aquaporin
The amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
The part of an enzyme where a substrate molecule attaches; ty…
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane acro…
A transport protein in the plasma membrane of an animal, plan…
Activation energy
The amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
Active site
The part of an enzyme where a substrate molecule attaches; ty…
16 terms
chapter 5 Pre Ap Vocab
negative slope
Positive slope
constant rate of change
variable rate of change
the line falls from left to right
the line falls from right to left
describes changes of the same amount during equal intervals
describes changes of a different amount during equal intervals
negative slope
the line falls from left to right
Positive slope
the line falls from right to left
11 terms
Chapter 5 Pre-AP Biology Study Set
diffusion
Diffusion
facilitated diffusion
Diffusion
takes place from an area of high concentration to an area of…
the dispersal of ink in a beaker of water is an example of th…
sugar molecules can enter cells through the process of this?
does not expand energy
diffusion
takes place from an area of high concentration to an area of…
Diffusion
the dispersal of ink in a beaker of water is an example of th…
17 terms
Pre-AP Texas Biology Chapter 5(Cell Cycle and Protein Synthesis)
Gap 1 (G1)
Synthesis (S)
Gap 2 (G2)
Interphase
The first stage of the cell cycle. The cell carries out its n…
The second stage of the cell cycle. The cell makes a copy of…
The third stage of the cell cycle. Cells continue to carry ou…
The cell copies its DNA and grows in preparation for division…
Gap 1 (G1)
The first stage of the cell cycle. The cell carries out its n…
Synthesis (S)
The second stage of the cell cycle. The cell makes a copy of…
39 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
selective permeability
amphipathetic molecule
fluid mosaic
cholesterol
the ability of a membrane to allow some substances to cross a…
a molecule that has both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
the idea that a membrane is a mosaic of protein molecules flo…
an organic molecule that is an important constituent of cell…
selective permeability
the ability of a membrane to allow some substances to cross a…
amphipathetic molecule
a molecule that has both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
Ch 5 Pre Ap Bio
Organic Molecule
Inorganic Molecule
How many bonds can Carbon form
Hydrocarbons
A molecule with Carbon in it (except CO2)
Molecules that do not have Carbon in them
4
Molecules that have only Carbon and Hydrogen in them.
Organic Molecule
A molecule with Carbon in it (except CO2)
Inorganic Molecule
Molecules that do not have Carbon in them
49 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 5
Cellular membrane contain four compone…
Describe the fluid-mosaic model of mem…
What types of microscopes support the…
What is the function of the proteins i…
1. phospholipid bilayer... 2. transmembrane proteins... 3. Internal…
A mosaic of proteins float in or on a fluid lipid bilayer
Transmission Electron Microscope and Scanning Electron micros…
1. Support... 2. Transport through the membranes... 3. Communicatio…
Cellular membrane contain four compone…
1. phospholipid bilayer... 2. transmembrane proteins... 3. Internal…
Describe the fluid-mosaic model of mem…
A mosaic of proteins float in or on a fluid lipid bilayer
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 5 Test
Chromatin
Chromatid
Centromere
Telomere
DNA plus proteins
One half of a duplicated chromosome
Sister chromatids are held together at the _______
Protect DNA and do not include genes.
Chromatin
DNA plus proteins
Chromatid
One half of a duplicated chromosome
PreAp Biology Chapter 5 Semester Exam
Which of the following is not one of t…
Polymers of polysaccharides, fats, and…
Which of the following best summarizes…
A certain carbohydrate is composed of…
Glucose
The removal of water (dehydration reaction)
Dehydration reactions assemble in polymers, and hydrolysis br…
C12H22O11
Which of the following is not one of t…
Glucose
Polymers of polysaccharides, fats, and…
The removal of water (dehydration reaction)
Chapter 5 - AP Biology
Macromolecule
Polymer
Amylose
Monomer
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The simplest form of starch, which is unbranched.
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
Macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
13 terms
Pre-AP Bio Chapter 5
Fluid Mosaic
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Diffusion
a boundary that is selectively permeable and contains many pr…
moving from high to low concentration, no energy required
movement from low to high concentration, requires energy
type of passive transport, no energy required, ex. oxygen and…
Fluid Mosaic
a boundary that is selectively permeable and contains many pr…
Passive Transport
moving from high to low concentration, no energy required
Macromolecules Pre-AP Biology
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
The four Macromolecules are...
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHON
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHONP
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
The four Macromolecules are...
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
42 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
Fluid Mosaic Model
phospholipid bilayer
saturated lipids
unsaturated lipids
proteins embedded in it, some have carbs attached; can all mo…
more fluid at warm, tend to freeze at cold (solid)
more fluid at cold due to the kinks (double bonds), prevents…
Fluid Mosaic Model
phospholipid bilayer
proteins embedded in it, some have carbs attached; can all mo…
Pre-AP: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Islam
Bedouins
Medina
Mecca
Monotheistic religion founded by Muhammad in 622 CE in Mecca
Arab nomadic herders and merchants
City in Arabia, meaning "city of the prophet", formerly known…
Holiest city in Islam, place of religion's founding
Islam
Monotheistic religion founded by Muhammad in 622 CE in Mecca
Bedouins
Arab nomadic herders and merchants
AP Biology - Chapter 5
Plasma membrane
Selective permeability
Fluid mosaic
Diffusion
A thin layer of lipids and proteins that sets cell off from s…
A property of biological membranes that allow some substances…
A description of the membrane structure, depicting the membra…
The spontaneous movement of particles of any kind from where…
Plasma membrane
A thin layer of lipids and proteins that sets cell off from s…
Selective permeability
A property of biological membranes that allow some substances…
56 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
fluid mosaic model
amphipathic
selective permeability
membranes are held together primarily…
biological membranes consist of various proteins that are emb…
having both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
allowing some materials to cross more easily than others
weak hydrophobic reactions
fluid mosaic model
biological membranes consist of various proteins that are emb…
amphipathic
having both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
44 terms
Pre AP bio chapter 5 vocab
Activation energy
Active site
Active transport
Aquaporin
The amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
The part of an enzyme where a substrate molecule attaches; ty…
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
A transport protein in the plasma membrane of an animal, plan…
Activation energy
The amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
Active site
The part of an enzyme where a substrate molecule attaches; ty…
29 terms
Chapter 5 Study Guide Pre-AP Biology Stadler
Know the different forms of energy
What are the first and second laws of…
How do the laws of thermodynamics appl…
What are the parts of a chemical react…
Potential - stored... Kinetic - energy being used
The first law says that energy cannot be created or destroyed…
The laws apply to all systems that involve energy and energy…
The reactants are the elements or compounds on the left side…
Know the different forms of energy
Potential - stored... Kinetic - energy being used
What are the first and second laws of…
The first law says that energy cannot be created or destroyed…
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
dehydration synthesis
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
a chemical reaction in which two molecules become covalently…
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Pre AP Biology Chapter 5 Test Mrs. Dunn
energy
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Energy transformation
The; capactiy to perform work
The energy of motion
Stored energy that can be converted to kinetic energy
2 laws govern ______
energy
The; capactiy to perform work
Kinetic energy
The energy of motion
AP Biology Chapter 5
polymer
monomers
condensation reaction
dehydration reaction
A large molecule made of many repeated sub units.
A molecule that might bond chemically to make a polymer.
When two molecules combine to form a larger molecule, with th…
A chemical reaction that involves the loss of a water molecul…
polymer
A large molecule made of many repeated sub units.
monomers
A molecule that might bond chemically to make a polymer.
AP Biology Chapter 5
Polymer
Monomer
Enzymes
Dehydration reaction
A long molecule consisting of similar or identical building b…
Small molecules that are building blocks for a polymer
Macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
Synthesizing a polymer
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of similar or identical building b…
Monomer
Small molecules that are building blocks for a polymer
Chapter 2 Pre-AP Biology
atomic number
charge
electron
element
number of protons in the atomic nucleus; determines the element
electrical property; opposite charges attract, and like charg…
negatively charges subatomic particle
a pure substance that consists only of atoms with the same nu…
atomic number
number of protons in the atomic nucleus; determines the element
charge
electrical property; opposite charges attract, and like charg…
AP Biology Pre-Assessment
Hydrophobic compounds
Organic compounds
Adenosine triphosphate
Carbohydrates
substances that do not have an affinity for water and are oft…
Compounds containing carbon
molecule storing potential "free energy" for the cell
compounds that serve as fuel and building material for the cell
Hydrophobic compounds
substances that do not have an affinity for water and are oft…
Organic compounds
Compounds containing carbon
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