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Study sets matching "biology pre ap chapter 5"

22 terms
Pre AP biology Chapter 5
passive transport
diffusion
Equilibrium
concentration gradient
some substances can cross without any input of energy by the…
simplest type of passive transport is movement of high concen…
concentration of molecules will be same through out the space…
difference in concentration of molecules across a distance
passive transport
some substances can cross without any input of energy by the…
diffusion
simplest type of passive transport is movement of high concen…
9 terms
Pre AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocab
population density
immigration
emmigration
carrying capacity
the number of individuals per unit area
the movement of individuals into an area (increase)
the movement of individuals out of an area (decrease)
the largest number of individuals a given environment can sup…
population density
the number of individuals per unit area
immigration
the movement of individuals into an area (increase)
63 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 5
selective permeability
diffusion
concentration gradient
passive transport
a property of biological membranes that allows some substance…
the spontaneous movement of a substance down its concentratio…
a region along which the density of a chemical substance incr…
the diffusion of a substance across a biological membrane wit…
selective permeability
a property of biological membranes that allows some substance…
diffusion
the spontaneous movement of a substance down its concentratio…
50 terms
Biology Pre-AP-Chapter 5
Selectively Permeabe
Homeostasis
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
Allows some molecules to pass through but not others
All living things regulate their internal environment in a va…
The movement of molecules from an area of high concentration…
Higher concentration going to a lower concentration
Selectively Permeabe
Allows some molecules to pass through but not others
Homeostasis
All living things regulate their internal environment in a va…
23 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 5
Fluid Mosaic
Types of Cell Transport
Passive Transport
Active transport
boundary that is selectively permeable and contains many prot…
Passive and Active Transport
requires no energy; goes down the gradient from high to low c…
requires energy; goes against the gradient from low to high c…
Fluid Mosaic
boundary that is selectively permeable and contains many prot…
Types of Cell Transport
Passive and Active Transport
14 terms
Pre AP Biology Chapter 5 Test Review
characteristics of populations
geographic distribution
population density
population growth
geographic distribution ... population density ... growth rate... age…
The area inhabited by a population
The number of individuals per unit area
Grows when birth rate is higher than death rate
characteristics of populations
geographic distribution ... population density ... growth rate... age…
geographic distribution
The area inhabited by a population
47 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 5
What is the Fluid mosaic model of a me…
What keeps the fluid mosaic fluid?
Why is it an advantage of a cell to ha…
What does the cholesterol associated w…
The ability of most of the componets of the plasma membrane t…
The ability of molecules to move across the membrane
So that molecules will be able to move to and from the cell a…
It makes the membrane more stable and keeps your cells from s…
What is the Fluid mosaic model of a me…
The ability of most of the componets of the plasma membrane t…
What keeps the fluid mosaic fluid?
The ability of molecules to move across the membrane
12 terms
Pre AP Biology chapter 5
Population Density
Age Structure
Emigration
Immigration
number of individuals per unit are
number of males and females of each age in a population
movement of individuals out of an area
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
Population Density
number of individuals per unit are
Age Structure
number of males and females of each age in a population
13 terms
PreAP Biology chapter 5
population density
immigration
emigration
exponential growth
number of individuals per unit area
movement of individuals into an area
movement of individuals out of an area
when individuals in a population reproduce at a constant rate
population density
number of individuals per unit area
immigration
movement of individuals into an area
9 terms
Pre AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocab
population density
immigration
emmigration
carrying capacity
the number of individuals per unit area
the movement of individuals into an area (increase)
the movement of individuals out of an area (decrease)
the largest number of individuals a given environment can sup…
population density
the number of individuals per unit area
immigration
the movement of individuals into an area (increase)
Pre-AP Biology chapter 5
Passive transport
Diffusion
Equilibrium
Concentration gradient
Substances crossing the cell membrane without any import of e…
The movement of molecules from higher concentration to lower…
The concentration of molecules being equal throughout the spa…
A difference in the concentration of molecules across a dista…
Passive transport
Substances crossing the cell membrane without any import of e…
Diffusion
The movement of molecules from higher concentration to lower…
11 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocab.
Population Density
Immigration
Emigration
Carrying Capacity
The number of individuals per unit area.
The movement of individuals into an area (increase).
The movement of individuals out of an area (decrease).
The largest number of individuals a given environment can sup…
Population Density
The number of individuals per unit area.
Immigration
The movement of individuals into an area (increase).
19 terms
Pre AP Biology Chapter 5 keynote terms
Background extinction
Factors that threaten biodiversity:
Overexploitation
Habitat loss: destruction
The gradual process of becoming extinct
-Overexploitation... -Habitat loss... -Destruction... -Disruption... -F…
excessive use of resources. Ex: overhunting of animals for hi…
ex. clearing of rain forests
Background extinction
The gradual process of becoming extinct
Factors that threaten biodiversity:
-Overexploitation... -Habitat loss... -Destruction... -Disruption... -F…
15 terms
Biology Pre IB/AP Chapter 5
organic molecule
inorganic molecule
hydrocarbon
functional group
carbon-based molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
organic molecule composed of only carbon and hydrogen atoms... e…
groups of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictab…
organic molecule
carbon-based molecule
inorganic molecule
non-carbon-based molecule
14 terms
Pre-AP Bio. Chapter 5 Vocab
Active Transport
Isotonic
Endocytosis
Pinocytosis
Requires a cell to expend energy to materials from an area of…
When the concentrations of solutes outside and inside the cel…
The process by which cells ingest external fluid, macromolecu…
Involves the transport of solutes of fluids
Active Transport
Requires a cell to expend energy to materials from an area of…
Isotonic
When the concentrations of solutes outside and inside the cel…
28 terms
Pre Ap Biology 1 Chapter 5
Cancer
Malignant tumor
Benign tumor
Metastasize
class of diseases characterized by uncontrolled cell division.
cancer cells can break away from this tumor.
cancer cells typically remain clustered together. Can be cure…
break away
Cancer
class of diseases characterized by uncontrolled cell division.
Malignant tumor
cancer cells can break away from this tumor.
53 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Alpha (α) helix
Amino acid
Antiparallel
Beta (β) pleated sheet
A spiral shape constituting one form of the secondary structu…
An organic molecule processing both carboxyl and amino groups…
The opposite arrangement of the sugar-phosphate backbones in…
One form of the secondary structure of proteins in which the…
Alpha (α) helix
A spiral shape constituting one form of the secondary structu…
Amino acid
An organic molecule processing both carboxyl and amino groups…
44 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
9 terms
PreAp Biology Chapter 5 Vocab
Population Density
Immigration
Emigration
Carrying Capacity
The number of individuals per unit area
The movement of individuals into an area (increase)
The movement of individuals out of an area (decrease)
The largest number of individuals a given environment can sup…
Population Density
The number of individuals per unit area
Immigration
The movement of individuals into an area (increase)
12 terms
Chapter 5: Vocab Biology Pre-AP
Population Density
Age Structure
Immigration
Emigration
Number of individuals per unit area
The number of males and females of each age in a population
Movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
Movement of individuals out of an area
Population Density
Number of individuals per unit area
Age Structure
The number of males and females of each age in a population
27 terms
Chapter 5 Vocab - Biology Pre-AP
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides
long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous genes…
Cell Cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
29 terms
PreAP Biology Chapter 5-6
renewable resources
non renewable resources
sustainable development
desertification
a resource that can be renewed, solar, wind
a resource that cannot be reused or replaced easily (ex. gems…
A way of using natural resources without depleting them, and…
Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily…
renewable resources
a resource that can be renewed, solar, wind
non renewable resources
a resource that cannot be reused or replaced easily (ex. gems…
9 terms
PreAP Biology Chapter 5 vocab
population density
immigration
emigration
carrying capacity
the number of individuals per unit area
the movement of individuals into an area (increase)
the movement of individuals out of an area (decrease)
the largest number of individuals a given environment can sup…
population density
the number of individuals per unit area
immigration
the movement of individuals into an area (increase)
12 terms
Chapter 5 Vocab - Biology Pre-AP
population density
age structure
immigration
emigration
refers to the number of individuals per unit area
number of males and females of each age a population contains
when individuals move into a population from elsewhere
when individuals move out of a population to elsewhere
population density
refers to the number of individuals per unit area
age structure
number of males and females of each age a population contains
56 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
45 terms
PreAP 2 Chapter 5 Vocabulary
el pasatiempo
el hobby
el ajedrez
el tablero
pastime
hobby
chess
gameboard
el pasatiempo
pastime
el hobby
hobby
16 terms
chapter 5 Pre Ap Vocab
negative slope
Positive slope
constant rate of change
variable rate of change
the line falls from left to right
the line falls from right to left
describes changes of the same amount during equal intervals
describes changes of a different amount during equal intervals
negative slope
the line falls from left to right
Positive slope
the line falls from right to left
49 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 5
Cellular membrane contain four compone…
Describe the fluid-mosaic model of mem…
What types of microscopes support the…
What is the function of the proteins i…
1. phospholipid bilayer... 2. transmembrane proteins... 3. Internal…
A mosaic of proteins float in or on a fluid lipid bilayer
Transmission Electron Microscope and Scanning Electron micros…
1. Support... 2. Transport through the membranes... 3. Communicatio…
Cellular membrane contain four compone…
1. phospholipid bilayer... 2. transmembrane proteins... 3. Internal…
Describe the fluid-mosaic model of mem…
A mosaic of proteins float in or on a fluid lipid bilayer
11 terms
Chapter 5 Pre-AP Biology Study Set
diffusion
Diffusion
facilitated diffusion
Diffusion
takes place from an area of high concentration to an area of…
the dispersal of ink in a beaker of water is an example of th…
sugar molecules can enter cells through the process of this?
does not expand energy
diffusion
takes place from an area of high concentration to an area of…
Diffusion
the dispersal of ink in a beaker of water is an example of th…
17 terms
Pre-AP Texas Biology Chapter 5(Cell Cycle and Protein Synthesis)
Gap 1 (G1)
Synthesis (S)
Gap 2 (G2)
Interphase
The first stage of the cell cycle. The cell carries out its n…
The second stage of the cell cycle. The cell makes a copy of…
The third stage of the cell cycle. Cells continue to carry ou…
The cell copies its DNA and grows in preparation for division…
Gap 1 (G1)
The first stage of the cell cycle. The cell carries out its n…
Synthesis (S)
The second stage of the cell cycle. The cell makes a copy of…
47 terms
Chapter 5 - AP Biology
Macromolecule
Polymer
Amylose
Monomer
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The simplest form of starch, which is unbranched.
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
Macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
13 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 5 Test
Chromatin
Chromatid
Centromere
Telomere
DNA plus proteins
One half of a duplicated chromosome
Sister chromatids are held together at the _______
Protect DNA and do not include genes.
Chromatin
DNA plus proteins
Chromatid
One half of a duplicated chromosome
20 terms
Pre AP Biology: Chapter 5.10-5.12 Energy and the Cell
The ability to cause change and do work
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Chemical Energy
What does abilities does energy have?
energy of motion/movement or heat
stored energy
organic molecules have high potential energy because of their…
The ability to cause change and do work
What does abilities does energy have?
Kinetic Energy
energy of motion/movement or heat
32 terms
PreAp Biology Chapter 5 Semester Exam
Which of the following is not one of t…
Polymers of polysaccharides, fats, and…
Which of the following best summarizes…
A certain carbohydrate is composed of…
Glucose
The removal of water (dehydration reaction)
Dehydration reactions assemble in polymers, and hydrolysis br…
C12H22O11
Which of the following is not one of t…
Glucose
Polymers of polysaccharides, fats, and…
The removal of water (dehydration reaction)
16 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 5
Plasma membrane
Selective permeability
Fluid mosaic
Diffusion
A thin layer of lipids and proteins that sets cell off from s…
A property of biological membranes that allow some substances…
A description of the membrane structure, depicting the membra…
The spontaneous movement of particles of any kind from where…
Plasma membrane
A thin layer of lipids and proteins that sets cell off from s…
Selective permeability
A property of biological membranes that allow some substances…
61 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 5 Test: kms
Body cells
Sex cells
Cells that only have one copy of every…
Cells that have 2 copies of every chro…
What are somatic cells?
What are gametic cells?
What are Haploid cells?
What are Diploid cells?
Body cells
What are somatic cells?
Sex cells
What are gametic cells?
56 terms
Ch 5 Pre Ap Bio
Organic Molecule
Inorganic Molecule
How many bonds can Carbon form
Hydrocarbons
A molecule with Carbon in it (except CO2)
Molecules that do not have Carbon in them
4
Molecules that have only Carbon and Hydrogen in them.
Organic Molecule
A molecule with Carbon in it (except CO2)
Inorganic Molecule
Molecules that do not have Carbon in them
57 terms
Pre-AP Biology Ch 5 Vocab
Activation energy
Active site
Active transport
Aquaporin
The amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
The part of an enzyme where a substrate molecule attaches; ty…
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane acro…
A transport protein in the plasma membrane of an animal, plan…
Activation energy
The amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
Active site
The part of an enzyme where a substrate molecule attaches; ty…
92 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 5
Carbohydrates, Lipids, proteins, and N…
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomers
The four classes that make up all living things
Covalently bonded large molecules
A long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
The small building blocks of polymers
Carbohydrates, Lipids, proteins, and N…
The four classes that make up all living things
Macromolecules
Covalently bonded large molecules
42 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
Fluid Mosaic Model
phospholipid bilayer
saturated lipids
unsaturated lipids
proteins embedded in it, some have carbs attached; can all mo…
more fluid at warm, tend to freeze at cold (solid)
more fluid at cold due to the kinks (double bonds), prevents…
Fluid Mosaic Model
phospholipid bilayer
proteins embedded in it, some have carbs attached; can all mo…
13 terms
Pre-AP Bio Chapter 5
Fluid Mosaic
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Diffusion
a boundary that is selectively permeable and contains many pr…
moving from high to low concentration, no energy required
movement from low to high concentration, requires energy
type of passive transport, no energy required, ex. oxygen and…
Fluid Mosaic
a boundary that is selectively permeable and contains many pr…
Passive Transport
moving from high to low concentration, no energy required
56 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
fluid mosaic model
amphipathic
selective permeability
membranes are held together primarily…
biological membranes consist of various proteins that are emb…
having both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
allowing some materials to cross more easily than others
weak hydrophobic reactions
fluid mosaic model
biological membranes consist of various proteins that are emb…
amphipathic
having both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
51 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
polymer
monomers
condensation reaction
dehydration reaction
A large molecule made of many repeated sub units.
A molecule that might bond chemically to make a polymer.
When two molecules combine to form a larger molecule, with th…
A chemical reaction that involves the loss of a water molecul…
polymer
A large molecule made of many repeated sub units.
monomers
A molecule that might bond chemically to make a polymer.
97 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 5
What is a polymer?
Name monomers of carbohydrates, protei…
What is monomer?
What are the macromolecules?
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
Monosaccharides, Amino Acids, and Nucleotides
Repeating units that serve as building blocks of a polymer
Carbs, lipids, proteins; not nucleic acids
What is a polymer?
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
Name monomers of carbohydrates, protei…
Monosaccharides, Amino Acids, and Nucleotides
32 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
Polymer
Monomer
Enzymes
Dehydration reaction
A long molecule consisting of similar or identical building b…
Small molecules that are building blocks for a polymer
Macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
Synthesizing a polymer
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of similar or identical building b…
Monomer
Small molecules that are building blocks for a polymer
29 terms
Chapter 5 Study Guide Pre-AP Biology Stadler
Know the different forms of energy
What are the first and second laws of…
How do the laws of thermodynamics appl…
What are the parts of a chemical react…
Potential - stored... Kinetic - energy being used
The first law says that energy cannot be created or destroyed…
The laws apply to all systems that involve energy and energy…
The reactants are the elements or compounds on the left side…
Know the different forms of energy
Potential - stored... Kinetic - energy being used
What are the first and second laws of…
The first law says that energy cannot be created or destroyed…
42 terms
Pre-AP: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Islam
Bedouins
Medina
Mecca
Monotheistic religion founded by Muhammad in 622 CE in Mecca
Arab nomadic herders and merchants
City in Arabia, meaning "city of the prophet", formerly known…
Holiest city in Islam, place of religion's founding
Islam
Monotheistic religion founded by Muhammad in 622 CE in Mecca
Bedouins
Arab nomadic herders and merchants
47 terms
AP Biology chapter 5
proteins embedded in two layers of pho…
cholesterol molecules
Proteins can bind other molecules, whi…
form a selectively permeable structure
Which of the following best describes the general structure o…
Stability of an animal cell plasma membrane is enhanced by __…
As shown below, proteins perform a number of functions within…
Phospholipids are well suited to be the main structural compo…
proteins embedded in two layers of pho…
Which of the following best describes the general structure o…
cholesterol molecules
Stability of an animal cell plasma membrane is enhanced by __…
20 terms
Pre AP Vocabulary Chapter 5
Paxton Boys
Regulator Movement
Triangular Trade
Molasses Act
Frontiersmen of Scots-Irish origin, formed vigilante group to…
Tried to effect governmental changes, organized effort to res…
Shipping goods from Britain to West Africa to be exchanged fo…
Act of parliament of Great Britain which imposed a tax of 6 p…
Paxton Boys
Frontiersmen of Scots-Irish origin, formed vigilante group to…
Regulator Movement
Tried to effect governmental changes, organized effort to res…
44 terms
Pre AP bio chapter 5 vocab
Activation energy
Active site
Active transport
Aquaporin
The amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
The part of an enzyme where a substrate molecule attaches; ty…
The movement of a substance across a biological membrane agai…
A transport protein in the plasma membrane of an animal, plan…
Activation energy
The amount of energy that reactants must absorb before a chem…
Active site
The part of an enzyme where a substrate molecule attaches; ty…
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