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Study sets matching "biology pre ap diseases"

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Study sets matching "biology pre ap diseases"

5 terms
Nondisjunction Diseases- Pre-AP Biology
Down Syndrome
Trisomy X
Klinefelter's
Turner's
3 chromosome 21
three X chromosomes
2 X chromosomes in a male
1 X chromosome in a female
Down Syndrome
3 chromosome 21
Trisomy X
three X chromosomes
16 terms
Biology Pre-AP: Nervous System - Diseases & Drugs
meningitis
symptoms of meningitis
Alzheimer's Disease
symptoms of Alzheimer's
infection of the meninges
1) severe headache... 2) stiff neck... 3) fever
a buildup of protein plaques on neurons in the cerebrum, resu…
1) memory loss... 2) confusion... 3) emotional disturbances
meningitis
infection of the meninges
symptoms of meningitis
1) severe headache... 2) stiff neck... 3) fever
8 terms
Pre AP Biology genetic diseases: Pfeil
Cystic fibrosis
Marphan
Sickle Cell
Tay Sachs
Respiratory issues ... Coughing and mucus
Bent spine lanky... And heart complication
Abnormal type of hemoglobin
Deaf blind chromosome 15
Cystic fibrosis
Respiratory issues ... Coughing and mucus
Marphan
Bent spine lanky... And heart complication
25 terms
AP Biology Pre-Assessment
Hydrophobic compounds
Organic compounds
Adenosine triphosphate
Carbohydrates
substances that do not have an affinity for water and are oft…
Compounds containing carbon
molecule storing potential "free energy" for the cell
compounds that serve as fuel and building material for the cell
Hydrophobic compounds
substances that do not have an affinity for water and are oft…
Organic compounds
Compounds containing carbon
40 terms
Macromolecules Pre-AP Biology
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
The four Macromolecules are...
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHON
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHONP
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
The four Macromolecules are...
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
25 terms
Photosynthesis Zumwalt Pre-AP Biology
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Respiration
6CO2 + 6H2O --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
An organism that makes its own food by converting inorganic m…
An organism that cannot make its own food so digests complex…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O
Photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Autotroph
An organism that makes its own food by converting inorganic m…
16 terms
Pre-AP Biology - MEIOSIS
MEIOSIS
HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOMES
HAPLOID
DIPLOID
Type of cell division that produces 4 different haploid daugh…
Chromosomes that are the same size and shape but are not iden…
Describes a cell like a sperm or egg that has only one set of…
Describes a body (somatic) cell that contains both sets of ho…
MEIOSIS
Type of cell division that produces 4 different haploid daugh…
HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOMES
Chromosomes that are the same size and shape but are not iden…
38 terms
Pre-AP Biology - DNA
REPLICATION
TRANSCRIPTION
TRANSLATION
CHROMATIN
Process by which a cell copies its DNA (DNA → DNA)
Process in which a sequence of DNA is copied into a complemen…
Process of decoding an mRNA message into a polypeptide (prote…
DNA with attached proteins which is LOOSELY PACKED in NONDIVI…
REPLICATION
Process by which a cell copies its DNA (DNA → DNA)
TRANSCRIPTION
Process in which a sequence of DNA is copied into a complemen…
34 terms
Pre-AP Biology - BIOSPHERE
ECOLOGY
BIOSPHERE
SPECIES
POPULATION
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
the parts of the planet including land, water or atmosphere i…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
group of individuals that belong to the same species and live…
ECOLOGY
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
BIOSPHERE
the parts of the planet including land, water or atmosphere i…
29 terms
Pre-AP Biology - MITOSIS
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
centromere
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the nucleus div…
phase of cell division in which the cytoplasm is split betwee…
one of two identical "sister" arms that make up a duplicated…
area on a chromosome that holds chromatids together and to wh…
mitosis
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the nucleus div…
cytokinesis
phase of cell division in which the cytoplasm is split betwee…
25 terms
Pre-AP Biology - GENETICS
GENETICS
FERTILIZATION
TRAIT
TRUE-BREEDING (PURE)
the scientific study of heredity
process in which male and female reproductive cells join to f…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves if a…
GENETICS
the scientific study of heredity
FERTILIZATION
process in which male and female reproductive cells join to f…
24 terms
Pre-AP Biology - EVOLUTION
EVOLUTION
THEORY
HYPOTHESIS
FOSSIL
Change over time; The process by which modern organisms have…
A well- supported, testable explanation of phenomena that hav…
a possible explanation for a set of observations or a possibl…
The preserved remains of an ancient organism
EVOLUTION
Change over time; The process by which modern organisms have…
THEORY
A well- supported, testable explanation of phenomena that hav…
58 terms
Pre-AP Biology Review
Theory
Evolution
Artificial Selection
Survival of the fittest
proposed explanation for a wide variety of observations and e…
change in a species over time
process by which humans modify a species by breeding it for c…
evolutionary theory as a way of describing the mechanism of n…
Theory
proposed explanation for a wide variety of observations and e…
Evolution
change in a species over time
35 terms
Pre-AP Biology - INTRO TO BIOLOGY
ORGANISM
AUTOTROPH
HETEROTROPH
SEXUAL REPRODUCTION
another name for a "living thing"
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the food it consumes; also…
process in which offspring are produced by combining genetic…
ORGANISM
another name for a "living thing"
AUTOTROPH
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
23 terms
Enzymes for Pre-AP Biology
catalyst
enzyme
activation energy
substrate
substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction with…
protein that speeds up a chemical reaction by lowering the ac…
the amount of energy needed for a reaction to occur
the substance an enzyme acts on
catalyst
substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction with…
enzyme
protein that speeds up a chemical reaction by lowering the ac…
18 terms
Pre-AP Biology Instrument Quiz
Microscope slide
Cover slip
Petri dish
Erlenmeyer Flask
-holding specimen... -viewed with microscope
-holds specimen to microscope slide
-growing tissue cultures
-measuring liquids... -dangerous/harmful chemicals
Microscope slide
-holding specimen... -viewed with microscope
Cover slip
-holds specimen to microscope slide
130 terms
Pre-Ap Biology Final
Viruses are composed of what two things?
Bacteriophage diagram
List three ways HIV can be transmitted.
Viral diseases can be prevented with _…
Nucleic acid and a protein coat
Needles, bodily fluids, sex
Vaccines; Antibiotics
Viruses are composed of what two things?
Nucleic acid and a protein coat
Bacteriophage diagram
28 terms
Pre-AP Biology Review
Which organelle helps to offset (reduc…
The movement of a substance across the…
In a _ solution, the concentrations of…
What process is shown in this image?
contractile vacuole
passive transport
isotonic
endocytosis
Which organelle helps to offset (reduc…
contractile vacuole
The movement of a substance across the…
passive transport
18 terms
Pre-AP Biology - PHOTOSYNTHESIS VOCAB
AUTOTROPH
HETEROTROPH
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
PIGMENT
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that can't make its own food and gets it energy by c…
process by which plants and some other organisms use sunlight…
molecule that absorbs light energy
AUTOTROPH
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
HETEROTROPH
organism that can't make its own food and gets it energy by c…
97 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 1
List Characteristics of living things
Science
Biology
Organism
1. One or more cells... 2. Source of energy... 3. Can respond to th…
Study of stytematic study through observations and expirements
The study of all things living
An individual plant, animal, or single cell life form
List Characteristics of living things
1. One or more cells... 2. Source of energy... 3. Can respond to th…
Science
Study of stytematic study through observations and expirements
26 terms
Pre-AP Biology - HUMAN IMPACT
MONOCULTURE
GREEN REVOLUTION
RENEWABLE RESOURCE
NONRENEWABLE RESOURCE
farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a sin…
the development of highly productive crop strains and the use…
a necessity of life (resource) which can regenerate quickly a…
a necessity of life (resource) which can NOT be replenished b…
MONOCULTURE
farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a sin…
GREEN REVOLUTION
the development of highly productive crop strains and the use…
72 terms
Pre ap biology
Building block of a polymer
Polysaccharide found in exoskeleton of…
Group of bio molecules composed of CHO…
"Bad fat" composed of glycerol and 3 f…
Monomer
Chitin
Carbohydrates
Saturated Fat
Building block of a polymer
Monomer
Polysaccharide found in exoskeleton of…
Chitin
56 terms
Pre-AP Biology (Midterm)
Characteristics of Life
Stimuli
Response
Scientific Method
- made of one or more cells ... - displays organization ... - growt…
a change in the organism's internal or external environment t…
the reaction to a stimuli
1. state a problem... 2. research the topic... 3. make a hypothesis…
Characteristics of Life
- made of one or more cells ... - displays organization ... - growt…
Stimuli
a change in the organism's internal or external environment t…
8 terms
Vocabulary - Pre AP Biology
enzyme
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
a class of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction by lowe…
chemical that speeds up a reaction
the amount of energy need to start a chemical reaction
the substance an enzyme works on, the reactants of an enzyme…
enzyme
a class of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction by lowe…
catalyst
chemical that speeds up a reaction
17 terms
Pre AP biology
ad-
-ase
bio-
cata-
to or toward
name of an emzyme
life
breakdown
ad-
to or toward
-ase
name of an emzyme
17 terms
Pre-AP Biology - CELLULAR RESPIRATION
calorie
Calorie
GLYCOLYSIS
CELLULAR RESPIRATION
Energy unit which equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
Energy unit which equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
calorie
Energy unit which equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
Calorie
Energy unit which equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
56 terms
Pre-AP Biology (Midterm)
Characteristics of Life
Stimuli
Response
Scientific Method
- made of one or more cells ... - displays organization ... - growt…
a change in the organism's internal or external environment t…
the reaction to a stimuli
1. state a problem... 2. research the topic... 3. make a hypothesis…
Characteristics of Life
- made of one or more cells ... - displays organization ... - growt…
Stimuli
a change in the organism's internal or external environment t…
20 terms
Pre-AP Biology Study Guide
Robert Brown
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leewenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
He discovered the nucleus
He coined the term "cell" after he saw "little boxes" in the…
He was first to see and observe a living cell
He was a botanist. He proposed that all plants were made of c…
Robert Brown
He discovered the nucleus
Robert Hooke
He coined the term "cell" after he saw "little boxes" in the…
63 terms
Pre-AP Biology Dellinger
Scientific Method Step 1:
Scientific method step 2
scientific method step 3
scientific method step 4
ask question
background research
state hypothesis
conduct experiment
Scientific Method Step 1:
ask question
Scientific method step 2
background research
39 terms
Pre-AP Biology: Cells
Cell
Cell Theory
Organelle
Prokaryote
basic structure of all organisms
States that all organisms are: cells come from other cells, c…
cell structure that carries out specific cell functions (prot…
a cell without a nucleus or membrane bound organelles
Cell
basic structure of all organisms
Cell Theory
States that all organisms are: cells come from other cells, c…
18 terms
pre-AP Biology - Wilson
diffusion
active transport
passive transport
osmosis
the net movement of molecules or atoms from a region of high…
is the movement of molecules across a cell membrane in the di…
the cellular process of moving molecules and other substances…
the spontaneous net movement of solvent molecules through a s…
diffusion
the net movement of molecules or atoms from a region of high…
active transport
is the movement of molecules across a cell membrane in the di…
34 terms
Pre-AP Biology - CELLS/TRANSPORT
CELL
CELL THEORY
NUCLEUS
NUCLEOLUS
small structure surrounded by a membrane that is the basic un…
3 part theory: all living things are made of cells, cells are…
Double membrane structure in a eukaryotic cell that contains…
dark area visible in the nucleus of non-dividing cells where…
CELL
small structure surrounded by a membrane that is the basic un…
CELL THEORY
3 part theory: all living things are made of cells, cells are…
37 terms
Chapter 2 Pre-AP Biology
atomic number
charge
electron
element
number of protons in the atomic nucleus; determines the element
electrical property; opposite charges attract, and like charg…
negatively charges subatomic particle
a pure substance that consists only of atoms with the same nu…
atomic number
number of protons in the atomic nucleus; determines the element
charge
electrical property; opposite charges attract, and like charg…
49 terms
Pre-AP Biology
Enzyme
Catalyst
Substrate Specific
Substrate
Composed of amino acids/proteins. Can only function in a stab…
Triggers chemical reactions without being used up.
Enzyme only bonds with a certain substrate because of its sha…
Two monosaccharides used in a reaction with an enzyme.
Enzyme
Composed of amino acids/proteins. Can only function in a stab…
Catalyst
Triggers chemical reactions without being used up.
30 terms
Pre-Ap Biology Vocab
Photoautotrophs
Heterotrophs
ATP
Thermodynamics
use sunlight to make carbs
Consume autotrophs for energy
Energy molecule (adenine triphosphate)
The study of the flow of energy and transformation of energy…
Photoautotrophs
use sunlight to make carbs
Heterotrophs
Consume autotrophs for energy
37 terms
Pre-AP Biology - RNA
RNA
Transcription (RNA synthesis)
Translation
Protein Synthesis
Ribonucleic Acid... -Nucleic acid that acts as a messenger betwe…
-RNA is made from DNA to use during protein synthesis... -occurs…
-Cell uses mRNA and tRNA to read the instructions on the RNA…
Making of proteins; occurs in ribosomes
RNA
Ribonucleic Acid... -Nucleic acid that acts as a messenger betwe…
Transcription (RNA synthesis)
-RNA is made from DNA to use during protein synthesis... -occurs…
15 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 3
Steroid
Peptide Bond
Hydrophobic
Protein
Molecule composed of 4 carbon rings with various functional g…
Covalent bond between 2 amino acids
Water fearing
Organic compounds composed mainly of C, H, O & N
Steroid
Molecule composed of 4 carbon rings with various functional g…
Peptide Bond
Covalent bond between 2 amino acids
230 terms
Pre-AP Biology
Why is water important?
What kind of molecule is water?... -why?
What are polar molecules? (polarity)
What is hydrogen bonding?
1. Controls chemical reactions in our body... 2. Help move thing…
Polar Molecule... - Hydrogen is + ... - Oxygen is -
Have both positive & negative charges.
Water molecules like to stick together due to its + & - charg…
Why is water important?
1. Controls chemical reactions in our body... 2. Help move thing…
What kind of molecule is water?... -why?
Polar Molecule... - Hydrogen is + ... - Oxygen is -
48 terms
Pre-AP Biology Genetics review
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Binary Fission
Trait
The scientific name given to all bacteria. They have no nucle…
The scientific terms given to all cells that have a nucleus a…
The primary form of reproduction in single celled organisms s…
A distinct characteristic of an organism, governed by specifi…
Prokaryote
The scientific name given to all bacteria. They have no nucle…
Eukaryote
The scientific terms given to all cells that have a nucleus a…
28 terms
Biomolecules - PreAP Biology
Pure Substance
Compound
Organic Compound
Biomolecules
Matter than cannot be physically separated into different com…
A pure substance - has a formula- that is composed of two or…
A compound that contains Carbon atoms, often bonded to Hydrog…
Four classes of organic molecules that are vital to living sy…
Pure Substance
Matter than cannot be physically separated into different com…
Compound
A pure substance - has a formula- that is composed of two or…
77 terms
Biology Pre-AP Chapter 7
False
False
False
False
Prokaryotic cells are made up of multiple cells and are very…
All cells have a nucleus, cell membrane, and mitochondria.
When viewing a specimen with a microscope, always start with…
You can find a cell wall in both plant and animal cells.
False
Prokaryotic cells are made up of multiple cells and are very…
False
All cells have a nucleus, cell membrane, and mitochondria.
28 terms
Chromosomes - PreAP Biology
Chromosome
Histone
Centromere
Telomere
A super-coiled bundled structure found in the nucleus. Each o…
Proteins around which DNA coils when forming a chromosome.
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached.
DNA at the tips of chromosomes
Chromosome
A super-coiled bundled structure found in the nucleus. Each o…
Histone
Proteins around which DNA coils when forming a chromosome.
15 terms
Pre-AP Biology Respiration
celluler respiration
aerobic
glycolysis
anaeroic
the process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
process that requires oxygen to occur
the anaerobic breakdown of glucose into pyruvic acid,which ma…
describes a process that does not require oxygen
celluler respiration
the process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
aerobic
process that requires oxygen to occur
263 terms
Pre-AP Biology 2nd Semester
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Eubacteria
Pathogen
The scientific name given to all bacteria. They have no nucle…
The scientific terms given to all cells that have a nucleus a…
The domain of life representing Modern bacteria. The most num…
A life form on Earth that infects/invades other life forms an…
Prokaryote
The scientific name given to all bacteria. They have no nucle…
Eukaryote
The scientific terms given to all cells that have a nucleus a…
11 terms
Pre AP Biology Active and Passive Membrane Transport
Concentration Gradient
Diffusion
Osmosis
Hypertonic
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane (acro…
"Above Strength" Having a higher concentration of solute than…
Concentration Gradient
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
33 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Diseases
Marfan Syndrome ... (symptoms)
Marfan Syndrome... (cells affected)
Marfan Syndrome... (molecular level)
Marfan Syndrome... (organelle)
tall/slender... elongated bones... nearsightedness... scoliosis
connective tissues throughout the body... lungs, joints, eyes, s…
extracellular matrix PROTEINS... mutation found on gene that tel…
when protein is made in the ER, it will be defective
Marfan Syndrome ... (symptoms)
tall/slender... elongated bones... nearsightedness... scoliosis
Marfan Syndrome... (cells affected)
connective tissues throughout the body... lungs, joints, eyes, s…
45 terms
Ecology - Pre-AP Biology
Level of organization that is defined…
The parts of the Earth that support li…
Level of organization defined as all t…
A group of organisms, such as copse of…
ECOSYSTEM
BIOSPHERE
COMMUNITY
POPULATION
Level of organization that is defined…
ECOSYSTEM
The parts of the Earth that support li…
BIOSPHERE
21 terms
Pre-AP Biology Frontiers of Biotechnology
bioinformatics
clone
DNA fingerprint
DNA microarray
use of computer databases to organize and analyze biological…
genetically identical copy of a single gene or an entire orga…
unique sequence of DNA base pairs that can be used to identif…
research tool used to study gene expression
bioinformatics
use of computer databases to organize and analyze biological…
clone
genetically identical copy of a single gene or an entire orga…
17 terms
Pre-AP Biology Organelles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Nuclear envelope
Nuclear Pores
Control center of cell, information stored as chromatin (DNA…
Innermost part of nucleus, site of ribosome production... Plant…
Double phospholipid layer surrounding nucleus ... Plant and Ani…
Openings in Nuclear envelope that allow RNA/Ribosomes to leav…
Nucleus
Control center of cell, information stored as chromatin (DNA…
Nucleolus
Innermost part of nucleus, site of ribosome production... Plant…
17 terms
Biology Pre-AP: Cell Transport
passive transport
facilitated diffusion
osmosis
hypertonic
does not require energy; movement from a high concentration t…
diffusion of large molecules (glucose, fructose, polar molecu…
diffusion of water from a high water concentration to a low w…
high concentration of solute; low concentration of water. Cel…
passive transport
does not require energy; movement from a high concentration t…
facilitated diffusion
diffusion of large molecules (glucose, fructose, polar molecu…
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