How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "biology pre ap"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "biology pre ap"

28 terms
Biomolecules - PreAP Biology
Pure Substance
Compound
Organic Compound
Biomolecules
Matter than cannot be physically separated into different com…
A pure substance - has a formula- that is composed of two or…
A compound that contains Carbon atoms, often bonded to Hydrog…
Four classes of organic molecules that are vital to living sy…
Pure Substance
Matter than cannot be physically separated into different com…
Compound
A pure substance - has a formula- that is composed of two or…
5 terms
Electrochemistry (Pre-AP Biology)
Electrochemistry
Electrochemical Reaction
Oxidation
Reduction
The study of relationships between electricity and chemical r…
The transfer of electrons from one species to another
Loss of electrons
Gain of electrons
Electrochemistry
The study of relationships between electricity and chemical r…
Electrochemical Reaction
The transfer of electrons from one species to another
89 terms
Pre-AP Biology - DNA Unit
What Bonds with Cytosine?
Who received the Nobel prize for disco…
What is the term for a sugar, phosphat…
what bonds with adenine?
Guanine
Watson, Crick, Wilkins
Nucleotide
Thymine
What Bonds with Cytosine?
Guanine
Who received the Nobel prize for disco…
Watson, Crick, Wilkins
25 terms
Pre-AP Biology Test
What is the formula for Photosynthesis?
Where does gas exchange occur in the l…
What are the 2 gases that are exchange…
What happens to each product made in P…
6CO2+6H20 (light) --> C6H12O6+6O2
Stomata
Carbon dioxide, Oxygen
It is used to create glucose for plants, Oxygen is released.
What is the formula for Photosynthesis?
6CO2+6H20 (light) --> C6H12O6+6O2
Where does gas exchange occur in the l…
Stomata
44 terms
PreAP Biology- Organelles
cell wall
centriole
chloroplast
cytoplasm
structure around plant cells, fungus cells, and some bacteria…
structure in animal cells that helps organize cell division
structure in plant cells that captures the sun's energy and c…
fluid portion of the cell outside the nucleus
cell wall
structure around plant cells, fungus cells, and some bacteria…
centriole
structure in animal cells that helps organize cell division
10 terms
Pre-AP Biology Vocabulary #10
olig-,oligo-
omni-
onco-
oo-
scant, few
all
tumor
egg
olig-,oligo-
scant, few
omni-
all
10 terms
Pre AP Biology - Lipids
Lipids
Hydrophobic
Saturated fat
Unsaturated fat
Fats, oils, and other things
Doesn't dissolve water
fatty acid without double bonds
Fatty acid with double bonds
Lipids
Fats, oils, and other things
Hydrophobic
Doesn't dissolve water
28 terms
DNA Structure and Replication - PreAP Biology
Helicase
DNA Polymerase
Ligase
SSB
The enzyme during DNA replication that breaks the hydrogen bo…
Provides new complementary base to each side of DNA. Also pro…
Adds phosphate groups between the Okazaki fragments
Helps to hold the DNA molecule apart around the replication f…
Helicase
The enzyme during DNA replication that breaks the hydrogen bo…
DNA Polymerase
Provides new complementary base to each side of DNA. Also pro…
10 terms
Pre-AP Biology Vocabulary
nucleus
endoplasmic recticulum; ER
ribosomes
Golgi apparatus
the storehouse for genetic information, or DNA
produce proteins and lipids
attatched to the ER (protein synthesis)
packages and modifies protien molecules created by the ribosome
nucleus
the storehouse for genetic information, or DNA
endoplasmic recticulum; ER
produce proteins and lipids
10 terms
Pre-AP Biology Vocabulary
a-,an-
ad-
aero-
amphi-
not, without
to, toward
air or oxygen
both
a-,an-
not, without
ad-
to, toward
10 terms
Pre-AP Biology Vocabulary #9
milli-
mille-
mit-, mito-
mono-
a thousandth
a thousand
thread
one
milli-
a thousandth
mille-
a thousand
16 terms
PRE-AP BIOLOGY
Protons
Neutron
Electron
Atomic Number
a stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
a subatomic particle of about the same mass as a proton but w…
a stable subatomic particle with a charge of negative electri…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom, which determ…
Protons
a stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
Neutron
a subatomic particle of about the same mass as a proton but w…
35 terms
Pre AP Biology Mitosis
Why do cells divide?
diploid cell (2n)
haploid cell (n)
gene
growth, repairing, healing (multicellular), reproduction (uni…
cellular condition where each chromosome type is represented…
cellular condition where each chromosome type is represented…
basic unit of heredity
Why do cells divide?
growth, repairing, healing (multicellular), reproduction (uni…
diploid cell (2n)
cellular condition where each chromosome type is represented…
20 terms
Pre-AP Biology
REPLICATION
TRANSCRIPTION
TRANSLATION
CHROMATIN
Process by which a cell copies its DNA
Process in which a sequence of DNA is copied into a complemen…
Process of decoding an mRNA message into a polypeptide (prote…
DNA with attached proteins which is LOOSELY PACKED in NONDIVI…
REPLICATION
Process by which a cell copies its DNA
TRANSCRIPTION
Process in which a sequence of DNA is copied into a complemen…
28 terms
PreAp Biology
Adaptation
Biology
Homeostasis
Development
also called an adaptive trait, is a trait with a current func…
is a natural science concerned with the study of life and liv…
is the property of a system in which variables are regulated…
the process of developing or being developed.
Adaptation
also called an adaptive trait, is a trait with a current func…
Biology
is a natural science concerned with the study of life and liv…
288 terms
Pre-AP Biology
organisms are composed of _____.
compounds
element
trace elements
compounds
substance of two or more different elements combined in a fix…
a substance that cannot be broken down by other substances by…
elements that are needed by all forms of life
organisms are composed of _____.
compounds
compounds
substance of two or more different elements combined in a fix…
10 terms
Pre-AP Biology Vocabulary #7
heter-, hetero-
hist-, histo-
homo-, homeo-
hydro-
different, other
tissue
same, similar, like
water
heter-, hetero-
different, other
hist-, histo-
tissue
Evolution-Pre-Ap Biology
Evolution
Natural Selection
Population
Homologous structure
change in a species over time
mechanism by which individuals that have inherited beneficial…
all of the individuals of a species that live in the same area.
body part that is similar in structure on different organisms…
Evolution
change in a species over time
Natural Selection
mechanism by which individuals that have inherited beneficial…
47 terms
Pre-AP Biology Photosynthesis
ATP
ADP
In food
energy
A high energy molecule that transfers energy from the breakdo…
A lower energy molecule that is created when ATP loses its th…
Where is ATP found?
What is released when a phosphate group is removed from ATP?
ATP
A high energy molecule that transfers energy from the breakdo…
ADP
A lower energy molecule that is created when ATP loses its th…
Systems-Pre-Ap Biology
Xylem
Phloem
Tropism
Stem
vascular tissue that transports water and minerals
vascular tissue that transports sugar
turning movement of a biological organism in response to an e…
keeps the leaves in the light and provides a place for flower…
Xylem
vascular tissue that transports water and minerals
Phloem
vascular tissue that transports sugar
Classification-Pre-Ap Biology
Taxonomy
Domain
Kingdom
Phylum
branch of science concerned with classification of organisms
division of organisms that ranks above a kingdom in systems o…
second highest taxonomic category grouping together all forms…
taxonomic category below kingdom that includes a large group…
Taxonomy
branch of science concerned with classification of organisms
Domain
division of organisms that ranks above a kingdom in systems o…
11 terms
Microscope - Biology pre AP
Eye piece
Body tube
Arm
Objectives
Magnifies 10x
Connects eye piece and objectives
Place to hold; support
Switch between magnifications
Eye piece
Magnifies 10x
Body tube
Connects eye piece and objectives
49 terms
Pre-AP Biology
Enzyme
Catalyst
Substrate Specific
Substrate
Composed of amino acids/proteins. Can only function in a stab…
Triggers chemical reactions without being used up.
Enzyme only bonds with a certain substrate because of its sha…
Two monosaccharides used in a reaction with an enzyme.
Enzyme
Composed of amino acids/proteins. Can only function in a stab…
Catalyst
Triggers chemical reactions without being used up.
57 terms
Pre-Ap Biology
Enzymes
Enzymes
Enzymes
Enzymes
These are moleculesare biological catalyst
Proteins that speed and control the rate of a chemical reaction
They are recycled: they are not consumed by the reaction
They are selective in what they will work with. New saying "f…
Enzymes
These are moleculesare biological catalyst
Enzymes
Proteins that speed and control the rate of a chemical reaction
197 terms
Pre-AP Biology Vocabulary
a-;an-
acou-
acr-; acro-
agri-
no, lacking, none
hearing
extreme, peak
field, soil
a-;an-
no, lacking, none
acou-
hearing
21 terms
PreAp biology
Robert hooke
Nucleus
Chromatin phase
Chromosome phase
First person to use the term cell
Central most important part of a cell
DNA is loose, allowing the cell to find the most important pa…
DNA is tightly wrapped, ready to be divided
Robert hooke
First person to use the term cell
Nucleus
Central most important part of a cell
26 terms
Pre-AP Biology I
One word describing action of electron…
Compound with covalent bond
share; covalent bonding is the sharing of electrons
hydrogen bond (water bonds)
One word describing action of electron…
share; covalent bonding is the sharing of electrons
Compound with covalent bond
hydrogen bond (water bonds)
117 terms
Pre-AP Biology Midterms
Differences and Similarities Between P…
Vecicles
Label Animal Cell
Label Plant Cell
a small structure within a cell, consisting of fluid enclosed…
Differences and Similarities Between P…
Vecicles
a small structure within a cell, consisting of fluid enclosed…
16 terms
Pre-AP Biology Vocab
Fossil record
Anatomical Record
Homologous Structures
Analogous Structures
-Shows change over time ... -Layers of rock contain fossils... ~ ne…
-Comparing body structures... ~ Homology & vestigial... ~Embryology…
- structures the come from the same origin... ~ homo = same... ~…
- look similar ... ~ on the outside ... - same function... - differen…
Fossil record
-Shows change over time ... -Layers of rock contain fossils... ~ ne…
Anatomical Record
-Comparing body structures... ~ Homology & vestigial... ~Embryology…
24 terms
Pre AP Biology Macromolecules
Carbohydrate Elements
Lipid Elements
Protein/Polypeptide Elements
Nucleic Acid Elements
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxegyn; always 1-2-1 ratio
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxegyn; Always more Hydrogen than Oxegryn
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Nitrogen
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Phosphorus
Carbohydrate Elements
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxegyn; always 1-2-1 ratio
Lipid Elements
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxegyn; Always more Hydrogen than Oxegryn
26 terms
Amphibian Vocab Pre-AP Biology
Pulmonary Circulation
Amplexus
Systemic Circulation
Excretory
the portion of the cardiovascular system which carries deoxyg…
a type of mating behavior exhibited by some externally fertil…
the part of the cardiovascular system which carries oxygenate…
of or relating to the act or process of passing waste from th…
Pulmonary Circulation
the portion of the cardiovascular system which carries deoxyg…
Amplexus
a type of mating behavior exhibited by some externally fertil…
10 terms
Pre-AP Biology Vocabulary #6
geo-
glyc-, glyco-
gymno-
gyn-, gyno-
earth
sugar
naked
female
geo-
earth
glyc-, glyco-
sugar
409 terms
Pre AP Biology Vocabulary
Sponge
Hermaphrodites
Cnidarians
Platyhelminths
Organisms that are asymmetrical, sessile, filter feeders with…
An organism that has both male and female sexual organs.
Organisms that are radially symmetrical and have specialized…
Flatworms with bilateral symmetry.
Sponge
Organisms that are asymmetrical, sessile, filter feeders with…
Hermaphrodites
An organism that has both male and female sexual organs.
14 terms
Pre-AP Biology Vocab
Theory
Laws
Descriptive Investigation
Comparative Investigation
Something that has been tested multiple times my multiple peo…
Parts of nature that are not fully explainable and will alway…
Observe and describe a natural man made phenomena. No hypothe…
Collect data to make a comparison and here is no control group
Theory
Something that has been tested multiple times my multiple peo…
Laws
Parts of nature that are not fully explainable and will alway…
9 terms
pre-ap biology
lipids
amino acid
monosaccharides
in the membrane
fats and oils are examples of:
give an example of a monomer:
what are the units of polysaccharides?
where are phospholipids found?
lipids
fats and oils are examples of:
amino acid
give an example of a monomer:
17 terms
Pre-AP Biology Vocabulary
Science
Observation
Hypothesis
Controlled Experiment
Use of evidence to construct testable explanations and predic…
The act of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
A tentative scientific explanation that can be tested by furt…
Only one variable is changed.
Science
Use of evidence to construct testable explanations and predic…
Observation
The act of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
10 terms
PreAP Biology- Functions
glucose
fructose
sucrose
lactose
blood sugar
fruit
table sugar
milk sugar
glucose
blood sugar
fructose
fruit
6 terms
Pre-Ap Biology Microscopes
Compound light microscope
Electron Microscope
Scanning Electron Microscope
Transmission Electron Microscope
contains more than one lens and uses light rays bent through…
uses magnets to aim beam of electrons at thin slices of cells…
SEM, traces surface of specimen, forms 3D image... Specimen must…
TEM, aims electron beams through specimen, used to examine in…
Compound light microscope
contains more than one lens and uses light rays bent through…
Electron Microscope
uses magnets to aim beam of electrons at thin slices of cells…
39 terms
Pre_Ap Biology
Griffith
Avery
Hershey and Chase
Chargaff
Discovered that one form of bacteria was transformed into ano…
Discovered that DNA stores and transmits genetic information…
Used radioactively labelled bacteriophages.... -Labeled DNA with…
Discovered base pairing rules
Griffith
Discovered that one form of bacteria was transformed into ano…
Avery
Discovered that DNA stores and transmits genetic information…
Pre-AP Biology Suffixes
-ary
-ase
-ate
-ation
of or relating to
enzyme
having, resembling
process
-ary
of or relating to
-ase
enzyme
100 terms
Latin Biology Pre-Ap
chloro
ase
cephalo
arthro
green
enzyme
head
joint
chloro
green
ase
enzyme
29 terms
Pre AP Biology Chapter 1
Course Adjustment
Fine Adjustment
Surface Area to Volume Ratio
Endosymbiotic Hypothesis
Big knob; finds the location of the specimen
Small knob; gives a clear image of what's inside the specimen
Small cell=high SA/V;... Cells must have a high surface area to…
These organisms have MITOCHONDRIA AND CHLOROPLASTS. Has DNA,…
Course Adjustment
Big knob; finds the location of the specimen
Fine Adjustment
Small knob; gives a clear image of what's inside the specimen
59 terms
Pre AP Biology ch.3
What are the four macro molecules that…
When a person is lactose intolerant, t…
A lot of molecules put together is cal…
Enzymes end with ________
proteins, carbohydrates, lipids. nucleic acids
enzyme that breaks down milk sugar.
lock and key model
"ase"
What are the four macro molecules that…
proteins, carbohydrates, lipids. nucleic acids
When a person is lactose intolerant, t…
enzyme that breaks down milk sugar.
28 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary 1
Fire Blanket
Fire Extinguisher
Eye Wash Station
Fume Hood
A blanket made of specially-treated fabric that is used if cl…
An active fire protection device used to extinguish small fir…
Station to wash and clean eyes if any harmful substances come…
A device that draws contaminated air out of an area and eithe…
Fire Blanket
A blanket made of specially-treated fabric that is used if cl…
Fire Extinguisher
An active fire protection device used to extinguish small fir…
121 terms
Pre-AP Biology Semester Test
Homeostasis
complexity
homeostasis, metabolism, reproduction
cells
keeping things the same and all living things maintain a bala…
not a characteristic of a living thing
characteristics of living things
the smallest unit that can carry on all the functions of livi…
Homeostasis
keeping things the same and all living things maintain a bala…
complexity
not a characteristic of a living thing
16 terms
Pre-AP Biology
Science
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
An organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
The act of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
A logical interpretation based on what scientists already know
A scientific explanation for a set of observations that can b…
Science
An organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
Observation
The act of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
30 terms
Pre AP Biology Genetics
Principle of Segregation
Alleles
Fertilization
Pollination
Organisms have two genes that control each trait. Genes separ…
Different form of gene
Process of joining male and female gametes
Male gametes (pollen) is transferred to female flower part
Principle of Segregation
Organisms have two genes that control each trait. Genes separ…
Alleles
Different form of gene
182 terms
Pre-Ap Biology Final
Biology
Homeostasis
Biosphere
Meter
Study of living things
Process by which organisms keep their internal conditions fai…
A level of organization that includes all of the living thing…
Basic unit of length in the Metric System
Biology
Study of living things
Homeostasis
Process by which organisms keep their internal conditions fai…
16 terms
PreAP Biology- Microscope
TEM
Light Microscope
SEM
TEM
Uses beams of electrons to examine thin slices of material
Uses lenses to focus light on a specimen
Uses beams of electrons to view the surface of a specimen
Provides two-dimensional images of cell structures
TEM
Uses beams of electrons to examine thin slices of material
Light Microscope
Uses lenses to focus light on a specimen
26 terms
Chemistry (Pre-AP Biology)
matter
element
compound
atom
anything that takes up space and has mass to it
the simplest form of a substance that cannot be broken apart
two or more elements bonded together resulting in new chemica…
the smallest unit of matter with set chemical properties
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass to it
element
the simplest form of a substance that cannot be broken apart
2 of 10