Study sets matching "biology prentice hall 2"

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Study sets matching "biology prentice hall 2"

41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
42 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
42 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
40 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 2
element
isotope
radioactive isotope
compound
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
An isotope (an atomic form of a chemical element) that is uns…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
isotope
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers. Ex:…
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule Ex: Glucose
monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers. Ex:…
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
77 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 2 Vocab
atom
subatomic particles
protons
neutrons
the basic unit of matter
protons, neutrons and electrons
positively charged particles in the nucleus
particles with no charge in the nucleus
atom
the basic unit of matter
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons and electrons
29 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
isotope
compound
ionic bond
ion
atom of an element that has a number of neutrons different fr…
substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
bond formed when one or more electrons are transferred from o…
atom that has a positive or negative charge
isotope
atom of an element that has a number of neutrons different fr…
compound
substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
12 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 2, Sec. 3
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
Compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms, usua…
Single sugar molecules.
Monomer
Small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
41 terms
Prentice hall biology ch. 2
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
The basic unit of matter
The center of the atom
A negatively charged particle
A pure substance that consists of only one type of atom
Atom
The basic unit of matter
Nucleus
The center of the atom
41 terms
prentice hall biology chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
negatively charged particle located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
100 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
39 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 1 & 2 Vocab
Science
Observation
Data
Inference
Organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
Use of one or more of the senses to gather information
Information gathered from observations
Logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience
Science
Organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
Observation
Use of one or more of the senses to gather information
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
16 terms
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 3.2
autotrophs
producers
photosynthesis
chemosynthesis
organisms that can capture energy from the sunlight or chemic…
organisms that either capture energy from sunlight or those t…
a process by which light energy is used to power chemical rea…
a process where organisms use chemical energy to produce carb…
autotrophs
organisms that can capture energy from the sunlight or chemic…
producers
organisms that either capture energy from sunlight or those t…
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 2
atom
subatomic particles that make up an at…
protons
neutrons
the basic unit of matter- named by democritus
protons, neutrons and electrons
positively charged particles in the nucleus
particles with no charge in the nucleus- basically same mass…
atom
the basic unit of matter- named by democritus
subatomic particles that make up an at…
protons, neutrons and electrons
33 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Unit 2
What is the integumentary system compo…
What is the skin's function?
What are the features of the epidermis?
What does melanin have to do with UV l…
skin, haie, nails, and sweat and oil glands
Acts as a barrier against infection and the outside world; re…
2 layers; outer: dead cells... inner: living cells... Create kerati…
Protects the skin from UV light damage
What is the integumentary system compo…
skin, haie, nails, and sweat and oil glands
What is the skin's function?
Acts as a barrier against infection and the outside world; re…
14 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Section 2
Organelle
Cytoplasm
Nuclear envelope
Chromatin
specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
material inside the cell membrane - not including the nucleus.
layer of two membranes that surround the nucleus of cell.
granular material visible within the nucleus; consists of DNA…
Organelle
specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
Cytoplasm
material inside the cell membrane - not including the nucleus.
40 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 2
element
isotope
radioactive isotope
compound
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
An isotope (an atomic form of a chemical element) that is uns…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
isotope
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
11 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2.2 Vocabulary
Cohesion
adhesion
mixture
solution
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
an attraction between molecules of different substances
a material composed of two or more elements or compounds that…
a mixture where all substances are evenly distributed through…
Cohesion
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
adhesion
an attraction between molecules of different substances
32 terms
Biology Prentice Hall: Ecology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
15 terms
Biology Prentice Hall 4-2
biotic factor
abiotic factors
habitat
niche
Any living part of the environment with which an organism mig…
A nonliving physical or chemical part of an ecosystem.
Area where an organism lives
Full range of physical and biological conditions in which an…
biotic factor
Any living part of the environment with which an organism mig…
abiotic factors
A nonliving physical or chemical part of an ecosystem.
43 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
basic unit of matter
the center of an atoms, made of protons and neutrons
positive charge, located in nucleus
neutral charge, found in nucleus
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atoms, made of protons and neutrons
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 2
element
isotope
radioactive isotope
compound
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
An isotope (an atomic form of a chemical element) that is uns…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
isotope
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
16 terms
Prentice Hall Biology 3-2 Vocabulary
organisms that can capture energy from…
organisms that can capture energy from…
the process by which plants and some o…
a process by which some organisms use…
autotroph
producers
photosynthesis
chemosynthesis
organisms that can capture energy from…
autotroph
organisms that can capture energy from…
producers
15 terms
Prentice Hall Biology 7-2 Vocabulary
"little organs"- specialized structure…
material inside the cell membrane—not…
layer of two membranes that surrounds…
granular material visible within the n…
organelles
cytoplasm
nuclear envelope
chromatin
"little organs"- specialized structure…
organelles
material inside the cell membrane—not…
cytoplasm
65 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
Basic unit of matter
What forms a Nucleus
Proton has what kind of charge
Neutron has what kind of charge
Atom
Protons and Nuetrons
Positive
neutral
Basic unit of matter
Atom
What forms a Nucleus
Protons and Nuetrons
77 terms
Biology Chapter 2 (Prentice Hall 2008)
atom
subatomic particles
protons
neutrons
the basic unit of matter
protons, neutrons and electrons
positively charged particles in the nucleus
particles with no charge in the nucleus
atom
the basic unit of matter
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons and electrons
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
40 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 2
element
isotope
radioactive isotope
compound
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
An isotope (an atomic form of a chemical element) that is uns…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
isotope
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
41 terms
prentice hall biology chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
negatively charged particle located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
41 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the smallest and most basic unit of matter.
the center of an atom, is bound by protons and electrons by s…
a negatively charged particles, always in constant motion
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom.
atom
the smallest and most basic unit of matter.
nucleus
the center of an atom, is bound by protons and electrons by s…
28 terms
Prentice Hall Biology- Chapter 2.3
Phospholipid
Functions of a Lipid:
Saturated Fats
Unsaturated Fats
*Makes up the cell membrane
-Insulation of energy... -Long-term energy... -Forming Cell Membran…
-Fatty acids contain the max. # of hydrogen atoms.... -Joined to…
*At least one carbon-carbon double bond in a fatty acid
Phospholipid
*Makes up the cell membrane
Functions of a Lipid:
-Insulation of energy... -Long-term energy... -Forming Cell Membran…
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
42 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
58 terms
Biology Chapter 2 (Prentice Hall 2008)
atom
subatomic particles
protons
neutrons
the basic unit of matter
protons, neutrons and electrons
positively charged particles in the nucleus with a mass of 1…
particles with no charge in the nucleus and a mass of 1 AMU
atom
the basic unit of matter
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons and electrons
41 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
48 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
66 terms
Biology Chapter 2 (Prentice Hall 2008)
atom
subatomic particles
protons
neutrons
the basic unit of matter
protons, neutrons and electrons
positively charged particles in the nucleus
particles with no charge in the nucleus
atom
the basic unit of matter
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons and electrons
29 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutron…
14 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 3 Section 2
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Chemosynthesis
Heterotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Process by which some orgaisms, such as certain bacteria, use…
organism that contains energy from the food it consumes; also…
Autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Photosynthesis
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
21 terms
Biology Prentice Hall: Chapter 2
Atom
Molecule
Organelle
Cell
The smallest part of an element or compound made up of neutro…
Atoms form bonds w/ one another to form these eg: DNA, H20, C…
Parts of a cell such as the nucleus & ER...
The smallest level at which life exists...
Atom
The smallest part of an element or compound made up of neutro…
Molecule
Atoms form bonds w/ one another to form these eg: DNA, H20, C…
11 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Ch. 2-2 Vocabulary
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
solution
attraction between molecules of the same substance
attraction between molecules of different substances; in plan…
material composed of two or more elements or compounds that a…
mixture of two or more substances in which the molecules of t…
cohesion
attraction between molecules of the same substance
adhesion
attraction between molecules of different substances; in plan…
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